The Letters (1595-1608) of Rowland Whyte
Memoirs: Volume 268
Michael G Brennan, Noel J Kinnamon, Margaret P Hannay (Eds.)
Cloth, 664 pp. (16 FM, 648 text, 16-page illus. insert)
Of Elephants & Roses: French Natural History 1790-1830
Memoirs: Volume 267
Sue Ann Prince (editor)
paper, 294 pages (26 front matter, 268 text); four color
The House of Barnes: The Man, The Collection, The Controversy
Memoirs: Volume 266
Neil L. Rudenstine
PUBLICATION IS NOW AVAILABLE -- November 2012
The House of Barnes: The Man, The Collection, The Controversy is a beautifully written study of the extraordinary art collector and volatile personality Albert C. Barnes. The book places him in the context of his own era, shedding new light on the movements and ideas (about art collecting, education, and aesthetics) that shaped so much of his thinking.
The Barnes’ major holdings of post-impressionist and early modern art include more than 800 paintings, with a strong focus on Renoir (181 canvases), Cézanne (69), Matisse (59), and Picasso (46 paintings and drawings). In its entirety, it is the greatest single collection of such art that has remained intact.
The last chapters of the book address the controversial events surrounding the Barnes Foundation’s move to Philadelphia, including vehement opposition—as well as strong support. There is an analysis of the Foundation’s financial plight, a review of the major court cases over the decades, and a characterization of the fervent reactions following the court’s decision to allow the move to take place.
The monograph is recommended for a broad audience, especially those interested in art and art collecting; the role of art in education; and the development of cultural institutions.
With bold clarity, in a manner which can only be described as magisterial, Dr. Rudenstine has written a history of Dr. Albert Barnes, particularly as it relates to the thoughts and actions which shaped his Foundation. The depth of research and wisdom brought to its interpretation surpasses all other publications on the subject.
The book sets a new standard of highly informed and sophisticated insight into the complexity of Barnes as a man, his legacy, and how this played out with other elements which have governed the fate of his Foundation.
Joseph J. Rishel
Senior Curator of European Painting before 1900
Philadelphia Museum of Art
This text provides the first scholarly foray into the historical and aesthetic context in which Barnes sought to intervene, and it goes very far toward explaining why he made certain decisions, including some of his most irrational ones. Barnes is neither eulogized nor demonized.
The scholarship is superb, the research highly original, and the author’s patience with his subject, astounding. This book is entirely free of jargon; even those who lack legal or financial competence could follow all its intricacies; and it is beautifully written.
Professor of Art History
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
Neil Rudenstine is President Emeritus of Harvard University (1991-2001). He is Chairman of the Board of Trustees of ARTstor and the New York Public Library. He is a Member of the American Philosophical Society, Class 5 (1992).
Astronomy in the Maya Codices
Memoirs: Volume 265
Harvey M. Bricker
Victoria R. Bricker
VISUAL MECHANIC KNOWLEDGE: The Workshop Drawings of Isaac Ebenezer Markham (1795-1825), New England Textile Mechanic
Memoirs: Volume 263
David J. Jeremy
Polly C. Darnell
Patriot-Improvers: Biographical Sketches of Members of the American Philosophical Society, Volume Three (1767-1768)
Memoirs: volume 228
Whitfield J. Bell, Charles B. Greifenstein
Case. 696 pp. (24 front matter; 672 text)
The Library of Benjamin Franklin
Memoirs: Volume 257
Edwin Wolf 2nd and
(Joint publication with the American Philosophical Society and The Library Company of Philadelphia)
Beginning in the late 1950s, Edwin Wolf 2nd embarked on a bibliographic odyssey to reconstruct the "lost" library of Benjamin Franklin. Franklin's library, the largest and best private library at the time of his death in 1790, was sold by his grandson in the late eighteenth century to Robert Morris Jr., who subsequently sold it in the early nineteenth century. None of the catalogues of the collection survive, and the contents of the library were virtually unknown until 1956, when Wolf discovered the unique shelfmarks Franklin used to identify his books. Wolf's work to reconstruct a catalogue of the library continued for the next thirty years but was unfinished at the time of his death. As the tercentenary of Franklin's birth approached, Kevin J. Hayes took up the work and has continued to discover titles that were part of the library. Everything found to date, close to 4,000 entries, has been compiled here.
The Temple of Night at Schönau: Architecture, Music, and Theater in a Late Eighteenth Century Viennese Garden
Memoirs: Volume 258
John A. Rice
Between 1796 and 1800 Baron Peter von Braun, a rich businessman and manager of Vienna's court theaters, transformed his estate at Schönau into an English-style landscape park. Among several buildings with which he embellished his garden, the most remarkable and celebrated was the Temple of Night, a domed rotunda accessible only through a meandering rockwork grotto that led visitors to believe that their destination lay somewhere deep underground. A life-size statue of the goddess Night on a chariot pulled by two horses presided over the Temple, while from the dome, which depicted the night sky, came the sounds of a mechanical musical instrument that visitors likened to music of the spheres.
Only the ruins of the Temple of Night survive, and it has received little scholarly attention. This book brings it back to life by assembling the many descriptions of it by early nineteenth-century eyewitnesses. Placing the Temple within the context of the eighteenth-century English landscape park and of Viennese culture in the fascinating period of transition between Enlightenment and Biedermeier, Rice's book will appeal to anyone interested in the history of garden design, architecture, theater, and music.
John A. Rice, an independent scholar who lives in Rochester, Minnesota, studied music history at the University of California, Berkeley [Ph.D., 1987]. He has written many articles on eighteenth-century music and three books: W. A. Mozart: La Clemenza di Tito , Antonio Salieri and Viennese Opera , and Empress Marie Therese and Music at the Viennese Court, 1792-1807.
Renaissance Vision from Spectacles to Telescopes
Memoirs: Volume 259
WINNER OF THE 2006 J. F. LEWIS AWARD
Renaissance Vision from Spectacles to Telescopes deals with the history of eyeglasses from their invention in Italy ca. 1286 to the appearance of the telescope three centuries later. "By the end of the sixteenth century eyeglasses were as common in western and central Europe as desktop computers are in western developed countries today." Eyeglasses served an important technological function at both the intellectual and practical level, not only easing the textual studies of scholars but also easing the work of craftsmen/small businessmen.
An important subthesis of this book is that Florence, rather than Venice, seems to have dominated the commercial market for eyeglasses during the fifteenth century, when two crucial developments occurred: the ability to grind convex lenses for various levels of presbyopia and the ability to grind concave lenses for the correction of myopia. As a result, eyeglasses could be made almost to prescription by the early seventeenth century.
Vincent Ilardi is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and through the years has been a prolific speaker and author on the fifteenth century. Papers presented include "Diplomatic History as 'Total' History? A Fifteenth-Century Perspective" (International Congress on the Fifteenth Century, University of Perpignan, France, 1990); books include Studies in Italian Renaissance Diplomatic History (London, Variorum Reprints, 1986).
The Passion of George Sarton: A Modern Marriage and Its Discipline
Memoirs: Volume 260
George Sarton animated the discipline of history of science in America. This monograph, the first full-length study of Sarton’s life and work, traces his youth and education in Ghent, Belgium, and his stormy marriage to the talented English artist Mabel Elwes. It follows George and Mabel Sarton in their path from idealistic refugees fleeing the invasion of Belgium in 1914 to destitute intellectuals at Harvard University. For half a century, history of science as an academic specialty owed much to George Sarton’s visions and anxieties, especially as they were expressed in his marriage. Mabel Sarton sustained his enterprise and contributed to its form, which included parts of socialism, pacifism, aesthetics, and faith. Current themes present in George Sarton’s early work include the common endeavor of artists and scientists, the private nature of scientific innovation, and the history of science as a bridge between the cultures of the humanities and the natural sciences.
Lewis Pyenson is Dean of the Graduate College at Western Michigan University. Formerly he was Research Professor of History at the Center for Louisiana Studies and Adjunct Professor of Cognitive Science, Philosophy, Physics, and Modern Languages at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a Corresponding Member of the International Academy of the History of Science. In 2005 he lectured in the George Sarton Chair at the University of Ghent in Belgium.
This is a spectacular and completely original book. Lewis Pyenson has recreated both biographies and the narratives of George and Mabel Sarton’s relationship by marshaling a stunning range of sources, most importantly the incredibly detailed epistolary relationship of the two principals. At the same time, the book explores George’s intellectual world both in Belgium and the United States and thereby draws out the interesting web of ideas and personalities that formed the core of the nascent discipline of the History of Science, whose foundational institutional organization was largely George’s work.
Thomas Glick, Professor of History
Lewis Pyenson is a historian of science of extraordinary breadth no less than remarkable depth and a writer of real distinction. He succeeds in bringing George and Mabel Sarton to life and giving the readers an intimate look into the inwardness of their marriage.
Charles Gillispie, Dayton-Stockton Professor of History of Science Emeritus
This is an important book for the scholarly communities of letters, criticism, and history and philosophy of science. The conceptual, language, and work skills and habits possessed by Lewis Pyenson are rarely found today in the history of science tribe.
C. Stewart Gillmor, Professor of History & Science, Emeritus