Victor A. McKusick
In recognition of a great pioneer in the study of genetic diseases and in the development of human genetics as a clinical specialty, the author of many influential books and founding coeditor-in-chief of Genomics, and a distinguished leader of the human genome project.
Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences
Victor A. McKusick
In recognition of one of the most influential evolutionary biologists of the twentieth century, who revolutionized the standard definition of species and theories of speciation, made 'fundamental contributions to the study of evolution,' wrote penetrating studies of the impact of the Darwinian revolution on modern thought, and founded the first scientific journal devoted to the field of evolution.
In recognition of her study of diatoms, microscopic species of algae, which helped make her one of the world's most distinguished biologists; and developing extraordinarly useful ways of monitoring water pollution.
In recognition of an extraordinary research career, especially her discovery of 'jumping genes' which revolutionized modern genetic thought; her inspiring young people, especially women, to pursue careers in science; and original research.
For profound and original contributions to physics - especially the discovery of the non-conservation of parity and of non-Abelian gauge fields which laid the foundations for new intellectual structures - and a love of mathematical beauty which helped him reveal the mysterious working of nature.
Sir Michael Atiyah
In recognition of significant contributions to a remarkable range of mathematical topics, which established links between differential geometry, topology, and analysis; and creating useful mathematical tools for physicists.
Emily Hartshorne Mudd
In recognition of pioneering work promoting planned parenthood and thus strengthening the family and improving women's role in society; and valuable service as founder and director of the Marriage Coucil of Philadelphia.