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Abstract

James M. Crawford was a linguist who mainly studied Native American languages, including Cocopa, Yuchi, and Mobilian trade language. He came to the field of linguistics halfway through his lifetime after pursuing a career in forestry in the West and Southwest. After receiving his PhD in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley, he returned to his birthplace, Georgia, where he taught in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Georgia at Athens.

The collection is organized into seven series: I. Correspondence, 1964-1986; II. Subject Files, 1949-1987; III. Works by Crawford, 1962-1986; IV. Research NOtes & Notebooks, 1906-1988; V. Card Files, 1960s-1980s; VI. Course Material, 1961-1986; VII. Photographs, 1963-1978.

Background note

James M. Crawford was born on 18 September 1925 in Commerce, Georgia, where his father was a farmer. As a child, Crawford became interested in languages by listening to Mexican radio stations; while in school, he studied Latin, French, and German. He served in the United States Army in Europe from 1943 to 1946 during the second World War. After returning to Georgia, he studied forestry at the University of Georgia in Athens, receiving his B.S. in 1949.

From 1949 to 1950, Crawford worked as County Ranger in the Georgia Forestry Commission in Butler, Georgia; then from 1950 to 1952 as Forester in the United States Forest Service in California, Arizona, and New Mexico. From 1953 to 1954, Crawford worked as Lumber Grader for the Hammond Lumber Company in Samoa, California and then for a year as Surveyor for the Utah Construction Company in Hawthorne, Nevada.

In 1956, Crawford returned to the forestry profession as Research Forester at the Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station in Berkeley, California, where he worked until 1961. While there, he encountered a linguist working in the Sierras and became fascinated with the study of languages as a career. Soon after this encounter, Crawford arrived as a graduate student at the Department of Linguistics of the University of California at Berkeley, beginning his linguistic studies with Russian and Old Slavic. One of his professors, Dr. Mary Haas (a student of Edward Sapir), encouraged Crawford to study Native American languages, and he became engrossed in the intricacies of Cocopa, Yuchi, and Choctaw. From 1962 to 1965, he was a teaching assistant at Berkeley.

Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language, focused on the language of the Cocopa Indians, whom he had visited in 1962 in Arizona. Cocopa is one of ten Yuman languages spoken in Arizona, California, and Mexico. In a later work, Cocopa Texts (1983), Crawford published phonetic transcriptions and English translations of Cocopa stories that he had collected.

Crawford received his Ph.D. in 1966. That year, he became Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Idaho State University, where he taught for two years. He returned in 1968 to the University of Georgia, this time as Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology; in 1981, he became Professor. Crawford taught courses in linguistics, phonology, morphology and syntax, field methods in linguistics, and Native American languages.

Crawford received a grant from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1976 to study Mobilian trade language (a now extinct language that was once spoken along the Mississippi River). He won the 1977 James Mooney Award, given jointly by the Southern Anthropological Society and the University of Tennessee Press, for his manuscript, The Mobilian Trade Language, which was judged to be the outstanding manuscript on New World cultures. As part of the award, the manuscript was published by the University of Tennessee Press. During his field work, Crawford had traveled to Louisiana to interview the remaining three speakers of Mobilian; they had all died by the time the book was published.

Crawford also received grants to study Yuchi, which is a language isolate; that is, it is not related to other known languages and contains few borrowed words. The Yuchi Indians lived throughout South Georgia before being moved to Oklahoma with the Creek Indians in the 1830s. The Yuchi dictionary that Crawford worked on was never published. Crawford also helped to show that Yuchi Indians had been present in the Georgia area one hundred years sooner than had been previously thought. When Kristian Hvidt, librarian of Danish Parliament in Copenhagen, Denmark, discovered in 1977 some drawings of Yuchi Indians that had been done by Baron Philipp Georg Friedrich von Reck in the 1730s, Crawford was able to translate the Yuchi text on the labels.

Crawford received other grants to study Alabama, Cherokee, and other southeastern Indian languages. In 1980, he received, from the University of Georgia, the Albert Christ-Janer Award for Creativity in Research.

Crawford organized several symposia on Southeastern Indian Languages, and in 1978, he co-organized with Robert L. Rankin the first Conference on Muskogean Languages and Linguistics at the University of Oklahoma in Norman. He served as referee for the International Journal of American Linguistics, Macmillan Publishing Company, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Wenner-Gren Foundation. He edited the Department of Anthropology newsletter.

Crawford was a member of the American Anthropological Association, the Arizona Historical and Archaeological Society, the International Linguistics Association, the Linguistic Society of America, the Pacific Coast Archaeological Society, the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, and the Southern Anthropological Society.

Crawford's publications include numerous articles and reviews, as well as Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages, a book that he edited. He also published a Cocopa Dictionary as a companion volume to Cocopa Texts. Crawford was in the process of writing a Cocopa grammar that would be the third volume in the series on the Cocopa language when he died on 5 May 1989.

Scope and content

The James M. Crawford Papers (1906-1988) contain correspondence, subject files, manuscripts of published and unpublished works by Crawford, research notes by Crawford, course material, and photographs, which document Crawford's career as a linguist.

The papers (113 boxes; 68.75 linear feet) are divided into seven series:

Series I. Correspondence 1964-1986 (1 box;.25 linear feet)
Series II. Subject Files 1949-1987 (2 boxes;.5 linear feet)
Series III. Works by Crawford 1962-1986 (18 boxes; 8 linear feet)
Series IV. Research Notes & Notebooks 1906-1988 (10 boxes; 4.75 linear feet)
Series V. Card Files 1960s-1980s (83 boxes; 54 linear feet)
Series VI. Course Material 1961-1986 (3 boxes;.75 linear feet)
Series VII. Photographs 1963-1978 (1 box;.25 linear feet)
Series III-IV. Oversized (1 box;.25 linear feet)

Oversized materials follow the same series arrangement as noted above. Cross referencing to oversized material appears on the folders in the standard sized boxes. Reprints have been moved to the printed materials collection of the APS library. To retrieve reprints, consult the card catalog for printed materials. Sound recordings have also been removed from the collection and cataloged as Recording 184.

Collection information

Provenance

The Crawford Papers were donated to the APS Library by Elisabeth Crawford in 1990 (Accession #1990-2551ms). Six Cocopa notebooks (three from 1978, three from 1979) were donated by Margaret Langdon in 1994 (Accession #1994-690ms).

Processing information

Processed by Miriam B. Spectre, August, 1994 (revised)

General physical description

68.75 linear feet

Related material

Audio recordings made and collected by Crawford are available in the Recordings of Native American languages collection (Mss.Rec.184).

General note

During processing, the collection was re-foldered and re-housed in acid-free folders and boxes. Metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic clips when necessary. A separate listing of torn or severely deteriorated manuscripts and manuscripts that need to have glue and tape removed has been compiled by series and submitted to the Conservation Department.

All newspaper clippings were photocopied onto acid-free paper; the original clippings were then discarded. Other brittle or torn items were also photocopied, and when considered valuable, were retained. Photographs have been interleaved with non-buffered, acid-free paper.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Drafts (preliminary versions).
  • Field notes.
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Manuscripts (for publication)
  • Nitrate negatives
  • Notebooks
  • Photoprints
  • Portrait photographs
  • Reviews (Criticism)

Personal Name(s)

  • Crawford, James Mack, 1925-1989
  • Hayes, Lillian
  • Hayes, Victor
  • Keyaite, Ilona Mae

Subject(s)

  • Alabama language
  • American Council of Learned Societies
  • Catawba language
  • Choctaw language
  • Cocopa language
  • Kiliwa language
  • Linguists
  • Mobilian trade language
  • National Science Foundation
  • Newari language
  • Wolof language
  • Yavapai language
  • Yuchi language
Collection overview
1964-1986 Request Series

contains mainly incoming letters, although there are a few carbons of letters written by Crawford. Most of the letters are photocopies. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III. A photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Most of the correspondence deals with Crawford's publications. There is one letter from a Native American informant, Ilona Mae Keyaite.

1975-1982 Request Series

includes grant applications and information for the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Science Foundation, clippings about Crawford and his work, copies of Crawford's curriculum vitae, reviews of Crawford's books, and two plant specimens collected by Crawford. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder.

1962-1986 Request Series

contains handwritten and typed notes, outlines, drafts, and final versions of articles, books, and reviews. This series is arranged alphabetically by title. For some works, the notes, drafts, and final copies are filed together. This series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the works: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language and notes, drafts, and final versions of his book, Cocopa Texts. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes "Reconnaissance among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana" and "Yuchi Text with Translation." The third subseries, Yuman, includes "Account of Reconnaissance among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona." The fourth subseries, Other, includes some papers that Crawford wrote for graduate courses at the University of California at Berkeley; notes, drafts, and final versions of his books, The Mobilian Trade Language and Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages; and reviews of other people's books.

1962-1986 Request Subseries
1969-1979 Request Subseries
1962-1980 Request Subseries
1962-1986 Request Subseries
1962-1988 Request Series

contains loose notes and notebooks on various linguistic topics. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder. The series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the notes: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes notes on morphology and phoneme checking. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes notes on syntax and cognates to Siouan. The third subseries, Yuman, includes notes on phonemes and a notebook on Yuman reconnaissance. The fourth subseries, Other, includes notes and notebooks on Bakweri, Burmese, Cherokee, Choctaw, Korean, Mandingo, Shona, Shoshoni, and Wolof. There are also a number of unidentified notebooks. The earliest item is a manuscript Igorrote-English dictionary from 1906.

1962-1979 Request Subseries
1970-1987 Request Subseries
1962-1985 Request Subseries
1906-1988 Request Subseries
1960s-1980s Request Series

contains card-sized paper slips that are mainly dictionary entries for several languages. The slips have pencilled notes in English and in the languages covered. The various languages include Alabama, Catawba, Choctaw, Cocopa, Mobilian, Newari, Yavapai, and Yuchi. There also three boxes of slips that Crawford apparently did not finish filing before he died, and there are three boxes of miscellaneous slips. The labels on the boxes have been copied from the labels that were given to the boxes by Crawford.

1961-1986 Request Series

mainly contains course notes for graduate courses in linguistics that Crawford took at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, including Old Church Slavic, Russian, and Sanskrit. There is a photocopied version of a text for a course, Linguistics 888, that Crawford taught, probably at the University of Georgia.

1963-1973 Request Series

Native American Images note: Photographs and slides of a Yuman family of the Cocopa tribe that James Mack Crawford met while researching the Cocopa language for his dissertation. Taken by Crawford, the black and white gelatin silver prints show Native Americans from the Somerton reservation that moved to Buckeye, Arizona in 1963. Dressed primarily in modern clothes, some images display women in native neck ware. The 1978 photographs appear in Crawford’s published work, Cocopa Tales (1983).

  Oversize 1
Request Series


Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1964-1986 Request Series

contains mainly incoming letters, although there are a few carbons of letters written by Crawford. Most of the letters are photocopies. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III. A photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Most of the correspondence deals with Crawford's publications. There is one letter from a Native American informant, Ilona Mae Keyaite.

Ferguson, Charles A.
1973 Box Series I: F - V
Request Item
Good, Dwight
1965 Request Item
Handbook of North American Indians
1983 Request Item
International Journal of American Linguistics
1975, 1977 Request Item
Journal of California Anthropology
1978 Request Item
Keyaite, Ilona Mae
1964 Request Item
Linguistic Society of America
1970-1973 Request Item
McDavid, Ravin L., Jr.
1970 Request Item
Munro, Pamela
1986 Request Item
Pulte, William
1972 Request Item
Richardson, Miles
1976 Request Item
Sawyer, Jesse O.
1969 Request Item

-See also Ser.III-A, "Meaning in Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"

Southern Anthropological Society
1967, 1969 Request Item
Sturtevant, William C.
1977-1978 Request Item
University of California Press
1981 Request Item
University of Georgia
1971-1980 Request Item
The University of North Carolina
1978 Request Item
University of South Florida
1974 Request Item
The University of Tennessee Press
1978 Request Item
Voegelin, Charles F.
1970 Request Item
Series II. Subject Files
1975-1982 Request Series

includes grant applications and information for the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Science Foundation, clippings about Crawford and his work, copies of Crawford's curriculum vitae, reviews of Crawford's books, and two plant specimens collected by Crawford. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder.

American Council of Learned Societies
1975-1982 Box Series II: A - So
Request Item
Bilingual Education
1974-1975 Request Item
Clippings
1964-1984 Request Item
The Cocopa Language
[1967] Request Item
Cocopa Texts
1982-1983 Request Item
Cocopah Indian Reservation Map
1949 Request Item
Conference on Muskogean Languages and Linguistics
19 Oct. 1978 Request Item
Curriculum Vitae
1966-1987 Request Item
Informants' Receipts
1978 Request Item
The Mobilian Trade Language--Reviews
1979-1981, n.d. Request Item
National Science Foundation
  Request Item
Folder #1
1969-1970 Request Item
Folder #2
1971-1973 Request Item
"Plant Collected at Maggie Poncho's Alabama-Cereshalta[?] Reservation, Texas"
Aug. 1970 Request Item
"Plant Collected Near Clarkdale, Arizona"
13 Jul. 1967 Request Item
Sapulpa, Oklahoma Public Schools
4 Jun. 1977 Request Item
Southern Anthropological Society
1971 Request Item
Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages--Readers' Reviews
[1971] Box Series II: St - U
Request Item
Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages--Reviews
1975-1979 Request Item
University of Georgia Grant Proposal
1982-1983 Request Item
Series III. Works by Crawford
1962-1986 Request Series

contains handwritten and typed notes, outlines, drafts, and final versions of articles, books, and reviews. This series is arranged alphabetically by title. For some works, the notes, drafts, and final copies are filed together. This series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the works: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language and notes, drafts, and final versions of his book, Cocopa Texts. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes "Reconnaissance among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana" and "Yuchi Text with Translation." The third subseries, Yuman, includes "Account of Reconnaissance among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona." The fourth subseries, Other, includes some papers that Crawford wrote for graduate courses at the University of California at Berkeley; notes, drafts, and final versions of his books, The Mobilian Trade Language and Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages; and reviews of other people's books.

Series III-A. Works by Crawford--Cocopa
1962-1986 Request Subseries
"Baby Talk in an American Indian Language"
1974 Box Series IIIA: B - Cocopa Dict. #2
Request Item
"Classificatory Verbs in Cocopa"
1986 Request Item

-See also Ser.I, Munro, Pamela

"Cocopa I"
19752 FoldersRequest Item

-See also Ser.III-A, "A Cocopa Tale: The Alligator Who Couldn't Turn Over"

General physical description: 2 Folders

"The Cocopa Auxiliary Verb ya "Be Located, Happen" "
[1969] Request Item
"Cocopa Baby Talk"
[1969] Request Item

-See also Ser.I, Southern Anthropological Society

Cocopa Dictionary
[198-] Request Item
Folder #1-2
  Request Item
Folders #3-9
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #3-9
Request Item
Folders #10-16
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #10-16
Request Item
Folders #17-23
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #17-23
Request Item
Folders #24-27
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #24 - Cocopa Lang.--Ms. #2
Request Item
Cocopa Dictionary--Disks
  Request Item

-See Oversized

"Cocopa Grammar"
[1973] Request Item
The Cocopa Language--Ms.
1966 Request Item
Folders #1-2
  Request Item
Folders #3-5
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Lang.--Ms. #3 - Cocopa Lang.--Notes #4
Request Item
The Cocopa Language--Notes
1966 Request Item
Folders #1-4
  Request Item
Folder #5
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Lang.--Notes #5 - Cocopa Texts #5
Request Item
"The Cocopa Language: Thematic Prefixes of the Verb"
May 1965 Request Item
"A Cocopa Tale: The Alligator Who Couldn't Turn Over"
[1976] Request Item

-See also Ser.III-A, "Cocopa I"

Cocopa Texts
[1983] Request Item
Folders #1-5
  Request Item
Folders #6-11
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Texts #6-11
Request Item
Folders #12-15
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Texts #12 - Ma
Request Item
"Coyote and His Daughter"
[1978] Request Item
"Epenthetic Vowels in Cocopa Phonology"
[1967] Request Item
"Linguistic Color Categorization in Mesamerica: Instructions for Descriptive Field Work"
[1978] Request Item
"A Look at Some Cocopa Auxiliaries"
[1972] Request Item
"Maricopa and Cocopa: A Binary Comparison"
Dec. 1962 Request Item
"Meaning in Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"
[1968]2 FoldersBox Series IIIA: Me - U
Request Item

-See also Ser.I, Sawyer, Jesse O.

General physical description: 2 Folders

"More on Cocopa Baby Talk"
[1977] Request Item
"The Morphology of the Cocopa Noun"
May 1964 Request Item
"Nominalization in Cocopa"
1978 Request Item

-See also Ser.IV-A, "Relativization and Nominalization in Cocopa"

"A Preliminary Report on the Phonemes of the Cocopa Language"
Apr. 1963 Request Item
"Proto-Yuman: Reconstructed from Cocopa, Diegueño, Maricopa, and Yavapai"
  Request Item

-See Ser.III-C, same title

"Spanish Loan Words in Cocopa"
[1979] Request Item

-See also Ser.I, Journal of California Anthropology

"Uses and Functions of Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"
n.d. Request Item
Series III-B. Works by Crawford--Yuchi
1969-1979 Request Subseries
"Biloxi, Ofo, and Yuchi"
[1970] Box Series IIIB: B - Yuchi Phonology #1
Request Item
"Reconnaissance Among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana"
Aug. 19692 FoldersRequest Item
"Timucua and YuchI. Two Language Isolates of the Southeast"
[1977]2 FoldersRequest Item
"Yuchi"
n.d. Request Item
"Yuchi" in Handbook of North American Indians
[1979]2 FoldersRequest Item
"Yuchi Phonology"
[197-] Request Item
Folder #1
  Request Item
Folders #2-3
  Box Series IIIB: Yuchi Phonology #2 - Yuchi T.
Request Item
"Yuchi Text with Translation"
[1972] Request Item
Series III-C. Works by Crawford--Yuman
1962-1980 Request Subseries
"Account of Reconnaissance Among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona"
1962 Box Series IIIC: A - S
Request Item
"Bibliography of the Tribes and Languages of the Yuman Family"
n.d. Request Item
Cochimi and Proto-Yuman: Lexical and Syntactic Evidence for a New Language Family in Lower California by Mauricio J. Mixco--Review
[1980] Request Item
"A Comparison of Chimariko and Yuman"
[1976] Request Item
"Proto-Yuman: Reconstructed from Cocopa, Diegueño, Maricopa, and Yavapai"
Jan. 1964 Request Item
"Some Cognate Sets from Chimariko and Several Yuman Languages"
n.d. Request Item
Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other
1962-1986 Request Subseries
"The Brahui Verb: A Restatement of the Morphology"
19642 FoldersBox Series IIID: Bra - Bri
Request Item
"A Brief Account of the Indian Tribes of Northeast Georgia"
23 Feb. 1962 Request Item
The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages by Wallace L. Chafe; A Grammar of Biloxi by Paula Ferris Einaudi; A Grammar of Pawnee by Douglas R. Parks; and Wichita Grammar by David S. Rood--Review
1977 Box Series IIID: C - Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #3
Request Item
Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles
[1979] Request Item
"English Sun and Latin Sol"
Dec. 1962 Request Item
A Grammar of Diegueño Nominals by Larry Paul Gorbet--Review
[1978] Request Item
A Grammar of Diegueño, the Mesa Grande Dialect by Margaret Langdon-Review
[1972] Request Item
"Hokan and Siouan Words for Mouth"
[1070-1971]2 FoldersRequest Item
Houma
  Request Item

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

Kiliwa Dictionary by Mauricio J. Mixco--Review
[1986] Request Item
Mobile
  Request Item

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

The Mobilian Trade Language--Ms.
[1978] Request Item
Folders #1-3
  Request Item
Folders #4-9
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #4-9
Request Item
Folders #10-11
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #10 - Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Notes #5
Request Item
The Mobilian Trade Language--Notes
[1978] Request Item
Folders #1-5
  Request Item
Folder #6
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Notes #6 - Studies in S.I. Lang. #2
Request Item
Natchez
  Request Item

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

The Natchez: Annotated Translations from Antoine Simon le Page du Pratz's Histoire de la Louisiane and a Short English-Natchez Dictionary by Charles D. Van Tuyl--Review
[1981] Request Item
"Native Americans and Their Languages" by Roger Owen--Review
[1978] Request Item
"The Nature of Language: The View of Linguists"
May 1964 Request Item
Nez Perce Texts by Haruo Aoki--Review
[1980] Request Item
"On the Relationship Between Timucua and Muskogean"
[1986] Request Item
A Papago Grammar by Ofelia Zepeda--Review
[1984] Request Item
"A Phonological Comparison of the Speech of Two Communities in California: East Bay and El Centro"
Jan. 1964 Request Item
"The Phonological Sequence ya in Words Pertaining to the Mouth in Southeastern and Other Indian Languages"
[1975] Request Item
Quapaw
  Request Item

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages
[197-] Request Item
Folders #1-2
  Request Item
Folder #3
  Box Series IIID: Studies in S.I. Lang. #3
Request Item
Series IV. Research Notes
1962-1988 Request Series

contains loose notes and notebooks on various linguistic topics. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder. The series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the notes: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes notes on morphology and phoneme checking. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes notes on syntax and cognates to Siouan. The third subseries, Yuman, includes notes on phonemes and a notebook on Yuman reconnaissance. The fourth subseries, Other, includes notes and notebooks on Bakweri, Burmese, Cherokee, Choctaw, Korean, Mandingo, Shona, Shoshoni, and Wolof. There are also a number of unidentified notebooks. The earliest item is a manuscript Igorrote-English dictionary from 1906.

Series IV-A. Research Notes and Notebooks--Cocopa
1962-1979 Request Subseries
"Birds of the Southwestern Desert"--Cocopa
[1962] Box Series IVA: B - Notebook #5
Request Item
"Cocopa "Animal Talk" "
n.d. Request Item
"Comparison of Cocopa, Maricopa, Diegueño, and Yavapai"
1964? Request Item
"Elements in Cocopa Vocabulary Probably Due to Culture Contacts with Western World"
n.d. Request Item
Final Consonants Alphabetically Arranged
n.d. Request Item
Morphology (Noun)
n.d. Request Item
Morphology (Verb)
n.d. Request Item
Notebook
  Request Item

-See Ser.IV-B, Notebook #9

Notebook #1
1963 Request Item
Notebook #2
1963 Request Item
Notebook #3
1963 Request Item
Notebook #4
1963-1964 Request Item
Notebook #5
1964-1965 Request Item
Notebook #6
1965 Box Series IVA: Notebook #6-14
Request Item
Notebook #7
1965 Request Item
Notebook #8
1967 Request Item
Notebook #9, [Part 1]
1967 Request Item
Notebook #9, [Part 2]
1973 Request Item
Notebook #10
1978 Request Item
Notebook #11
1978 Request Item
Notebook #12
1978 Request Item
Notebook #13
1979 Request Item
Notebook #14
1979 Request Item
Notebook #15
1979 Box Series IVA: Notebook #15 - R
Request Item
Notes #1
1962 Request Item
Notes #2
1967 Request Item
Notes #3
n.d. Request Item
Notes #4
n.d. Request Item
Phoneme Checking
n.d. Request Item
"Relativization and Nominalization in Cocopa"
Jun. 1977 Request Item
Songs
n.d. Box Series IVA: S - W
Request Item
Spanish Words in Cocopa
n.d. Request Item
Syntax
n.d. Request Item
Word List
1962 Request Item
Series IV-B. Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi
1970-1987 Request Subseries

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-B: Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi

Handouts
n.d. Box Series IVB: H - Notebook #8
Request Item
Informants
n.d. Request Item
"Negation"
n.d. Request Item
Notebook
  Request Item
Folders #1-4
Summer 1970 Request Item
Folders #5-8
Summer 1971 Request Item
Folder #9
Summer 1973 Box Series IVB: Notebook #9 - Y
Request Item

pp.1-28: Yuchi pp.31-86: Cocopa

Folder #10
1987 Request Item
Notes
n.d. Request Item
"Notes on Yuchi Syntax"
1978 Request Item
"Possible Cognates to Yuchi in Siouan, Atakapa, Yava, Maider, etc."
1971-1977 Request Item
Rough Sheets
1971 Request Item
"Some Possible Cognates Between Yuchi and Siouan and Between Yuchi and Tunica"
Jul. 1976 Request Item
Yuchi Vocabulary by Seymour Frank
1970 Request Item
Series IV-C. Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuman
1962-1985 Request Subseries

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-C: Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuman

Notes
n.d. Box Series IVC: N - Y
Request Item
"Notes on Possible Informants Among Speakers of the Yuman Language"
n.d. Request Item
"Phonemes of Four Yuman Languages"
1962 Request Item
Yuchi Data
[1985] Request Item

-See also Oversized

Yuman Reconnaissance--Notebook
1962 Request Item
Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other
1906-1988 Request Subseries

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-D: Research Notes & Notebooks--Other

Alabama Vocabulary (Mary McCall)
Oct. 1971 Box Series IVD: A - Bam
Request Item
Bakweri--Notebook
19812 FoldersRequest Item
Bambara--Notebook
1988 Request Item
Basa--Notebook
1984 Box Series IVD: Bas - C
Request Item
Bayang; Hawaiian--Notebook
1980 Request Item
Biloxi-Ofo Bibliography
n.d. Request Item
Burmese--Notebook
n.d.2 FoldersRequest Item
Cambodian--Notebook
1974-1975 Request Item
Catawba
n.d. Request Item
Cherokee, NC Trip
May 1972 Request Item
Cherokee--Notebook
1972-1973 Request Item
Cherokee Phonology
1972 Request Item
Chitimacha
n.d. Request Item
Choctaw--Notebook
  Request Item
Folder #1
1971-1972 Request Item
Folder #2
1973 Request Item
Columbus Museum
Jul. 1969 Request Item
Dialect Study (El Centro, East Bay)
1964 Box Series IVD: D - L
Request Item
Diegueño
n.d. Request Item
Haas Miscellany
1980 Request Item
Haas' Tunica Texts
n.d. Request Item
Havasupai
1962 Request Item
History of Linguistics
n.d. Request Item
Hokan Numerals
n.d. Request Item
Igorrote-English Dictionary--Notebook
[1906] Request Item
Japanese--Notebook
1969 Request Item
Kiliwa Word List
n.d. Request Item
Korean Notebook
  Request Item
Folder #1
1967 Request Item
Folder #2
1971 Request Item
Korean--Notes
1967 Request Item
Linguistic Atlas
1964 Request Item
Mandingo--Notebook
19872 FoldersBox Series IVD: M - Shon
Request Item
Maricopa Notes
n.d. Request Item
Maricopa Word Lists
1962 Request Item
Ma-Ya-Co-Ha Comparative Sets
1964 Request Item
Mikasula--Notebook
1975 Request Item
Miscellany
n.d. Request Item

-See also Ser.V, Miscellany #3

"Mobilian Forms Collected August 27, 1970 from Leonard Lavan by J.M. Crawford Near Elton, Louisiana"
1970 Request Item
Mobilian Search--Notebook
1976 Request Item
Newari
1961 Request Item
Numerals from Indian Languages
n.d. Request Item
Ojibwa
n.d. Request Item
Reconnaissance of Southeastern Indian Languages--Notebook
1969 Request Item
Shona--Notebook
  Request Item
Folder #1
1973 Request Item
Folder #2
1974 Request Item
Shoshoni--Notebook
  Box Series IVD: Shos - Unidentified--Notebook #7
Request Item
Folder #1
1967 Request Item
Folder #2
1968 Request Item
Shoshoni Notes
1967 Request Item
Mrs. Terrell--Notebook
1969 Request Item
Timucua
1975 Request Item
Unidentified
n.d. Request Item
Unidentified--Notebook
n.d. Request Item
Folders #1-7
  Request Item
Folder #8
  Box Series IVD: Unidentified--Notebook #8 - Y
Request Item
Wolof--Notebook
  Request Item
Folder #1
1975-1976 Request Item
Folder #2
1976 Request Item
Folder #3
1976-1977 Request Item
Folder #4
1978 Request Item
Wolof Notes
1977 Request Item
Wolof Rough Notes
1976 Request Item
Yavapai Word List
1962 Request Item
Series V. Card Files
1960s-1980s Request Series

contains card-sized paper slips that are mainly dictionary entries for several languages. The slips have pencilled notes in English and in the languages covered. The various languages include Alabama, Catawba, Choctaw, Cocopa, Mobilian, Newari, Yavapai, and Yuchi. There also three boxes of slips that Crawford apparently did not finish filing before he died, and there are three boxes of miscellaneous slips. The labels on the boxes have been copied from the labels that were given to the boxes by Crawford.

English - Alabama
  Box Series V: 1
Request Item
Alabama - English
  Request Item
Catawba - English
  Box Series V: 2
Request Item
English - Catawba
  Box Series V: 3
Request Item
Choctaw - English
  Box Series V: 4
Request Item
English - Choctaw
  Box Series V: 5
Request Item
Cocopa - English
  Box Series V: 6
Request Item
a - i
  Request Item
k
  Box Series V: 7
Request Item
kw
  Box Series V: 8
Request Item
l - ly
  Box Series V: 9
Request Item
m
  Box Series V: 10
Request Item
n - ny
  Box Series V: 11
Request Item
nyu - p
  Box Series V: 12
Request Item
q - s
  Box Series V: 13
Request Item
š
  Box Series V: 14
Request Item
s
  Box Series V: 15
Request Item
t - w
  Box Series V: 16
Request Item
x
  Box Series V: 17
Request Item
xw - y
  Box Series V: 18
Request Item
? -?i
  Box Series V: 19
Request Item
?w
  Box Series V: 20
Request Item
English - Cocopa
  Box Series V: 21
Request Item
A - B
  Request Item
D - E
  Box Series V: 22
Request Item
F - G
  Box Series V: 23
Request Item
H - I
  Box Series V: 24
Request Item
J - M
  Box Series V: 25
Request Item
N - Ph
  Box Series V: 26
Request Item
Pi - Py
  Box Series V: 27
Request Item
Q - Sh
  Box Series V: 28
Request Item
Si - Sy
  Box Series V: 29
Request Item
T - Z
  Box Series V: 30
Request Item
A - U
  Box Series V: 31
Request Item
Spanish Loanwords in Cocopa
  Box Series V: 32
Request Item
Kiliwa - English
  Box Series V: 33
Request Item
English - Kiliwa
  Request Item
Miscellany #1
  Box Series V: 34
Request Item
Miscellany #2
  Box Series V: 35
Request Item
Miscellany #3
  Box Series V: 36
Request Item
English - Mobilian
  Box Series V: 37
Request Item
Mobilian - English
  Request Item
Newari; Unidentified
  Box Series V: 38
Request Item
To Be Filed
  Box Series V: 39a
Request Item
b - h
  Request Item
t - y
  Box Series V: 39b
Request Item
y -?
  Box Series V: 40
Request Item
English - Yavapai
  Box Series V: 41
Request Item
Yavapai - English
  Request Item
Yuchi - English
  Box Series V: 42
Request Item
b - č
  Request Item
čh - dæ
  Box Series V: 43
Request Item
de -
  Box Series V: 44
Request Item
do - gi
  Box Series V: 45
Request Item
go
  Box Series V: 46
Request Item
go - he
  Box Series V: 47a
Request Item
he – h^
  Box Series V: 47b
Request Item
ž - k
  Box Series V: 48
Request Item
k'
  Box Series V: 49
Request Item
l - l'
  Box Series V: 50
Request Item
l - m
  Box Series V: 51
Request Item
na - no
  Box Series V: 52
Request Item
no - n'
  Box Series V: 53
Request Item
p - p'
  Box Series V: 54
Request Item
d2 - š'
  Box Series V: 55
Request Item
s - s'
  Box Series V: 56
Request Item
š - š'
  Box Series V: 57
Request Item
t - t'
  Box Series V: 58
Request Item
w - w'
  Box Series V: 59
Request Item
y - y'
  Box Series V: 60
Request Item
z
  Box Series V: 61
Request Item
?
  Box Series V: 62
Request Item
Yuchi Dictionary
  Box Series V: 63
Request Item
A - Z
  Request Item
English - Yuchi
  Box Series V: 64
Request Item
A - Be
  Request Item
Bi - Cl
  Box Series V: 65
Request Item
Ca - Cy
  Box Series V: 66
Request Item
Co - E
  Box Series V: 67
Request Item
F - G
  Box Series V: 68
Request Item
H - Herd
  Box Series V: 69
Request Item
Here - Hy
  Box Series V: 70
Request Item
I - Im
  Box Series V: 71a
Request Item
In - L
  Box Series V: 71b
Request Item
M
  Box Series V: 72
Request Item
N - Pa
  Box Series V: 73a
Request Item
Pe - R
  Box Series V: 73b
Request Item
S - Sk
  Box Series V: 74a
Request Item
Sl - Te
  Box Series V: 74b
Request Item
Th - Ty
  Box Series V: 74c
Request Item
U - Wh
  Box Series V: 75a
Request Item
Wi - Z
  Box Series V: 75b
Request Item
Dictionary
  Box Series V: 76
Request Item
Series VI. Course Material
1961-1986 Request Series

mainly contains course notes for graduate courses in linguistics that Crawford took at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, including Old Church Slavic, Russian, and Sanskrit. There is a photocopied version of a text for a course, Linguistics 888, that Crawford taught, probably at the University of Georgia.

American Indian Languages--Linguistics 170
1962 Box Series VI: A - I
Request Item
Cocopa Sketch--Handout for Seminar at University of California at Berkeley
1963 Request Item
Dravidian Seminar--Linguistics 290H
1964 Request Item
Indo-European--Linguistics 150
1962 Request Item
Linguistics
n.d. Box Series VI: L - R
Request Item
Linguistics 35
1963 Request Item
Linguistics 130
1963 Request Item
Linguistics 140
1961 Request Item
Linguistics 145
1963 Request Item
Linguistics 150
1962 Request Item
Linguistics 220a
n.d. Request Item
Linguistics 225
1964 Request Item
Linguistics 290g
1962 Request Item
Linguistics 888
1986 Request Item
Old Church Slavic--Notebook
19623 FoldersRequest Item
Russian
1961 Request Item
Sanskrit
1961 Box Series VI: Sa - Se
Request Item
Seminars: 290a Theory; 290g American Indian Languages; Dialectology 216; 225; 130 Phonology--Notebook
n.d. Request Item
Series VII. Photographs
1963-1973 Request Series

Native American Images note: Photographs and slides of a Yuman family of the Cocopa tribe that James Mack Crawford met while researching the Cocopa language for his dissertation. Taken by Crawford, the black and white gelatin silver prints show Native Americans from the Somerton reservation that moved to Buckeye, Arizona in 1963. Dressed primarily in modern clothes, some images display women in native neck ware. The 1978 photographs appear in Crawford’s published work, Cocopa Tales (1983).

Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 1.0 Item(s) 5 x 7 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Victor Hayes
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Victor Hayes
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Mary Thomas
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Mary Thomas
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
James Mack Crawford, Lillian Hayes, Victor Hayes
1978 5 x 7 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
James Mack Crawford, Lillian Hayes, and Victor Hayes
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963 10 x 8 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Daughters of Mary Thomas
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Josephine Thomas
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 2 nitrate negatives Request Item
Victor Hayes
1963 2 nitrate negatives Request Item
Cocopa texts
1963-1978 3 nitrate negatives Request Item
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 1.0 Item(s) 4 ½ x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Victor Hayes
1963 4 ½ x 4 inches gelatin silver print Request Item
Series III-A, IV-B
  Oversize 1
Request Series

Other Descriptive Information: Oversized

Series III-A, Works by Crawford--Cocopa
  Request Item
Cocopa Dictionary--Disks (20)
[198-] Request Item
Series IV-B, Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi
  Request Item
10 3/4 in. magnetic tape
30 Oct. 1979 Request Item
6 in. magnetic tape
2 Oct. 1985 Request Item
7 1/4 in. magnetic tape
12 Dec. 1985 Request Item
10 3/4 in. magnetic tape
17 Sep. 1986 Request Item