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Abstract

Jane Aitken (1764-1832) is a significant historical figure for several reasons. One of the first American female printers, Jane Aitken was also a bookseller, bookbinder, businesswoman, and employer during the early nineteenth century, a time when the independence of women was actively discouraged. There is a dearth of personal information about Jane Aitken, an unfortunate fact that is reflected in her surviving papers.

This small collection, 145 items, is representative of her severely compromised financial situation and her constant failed efforts to rectify the situation. Her correspondence consists primarily of appeals to John Vaughan, a member and librarian of the American Philosophical Society, for loans. Vaughan was evidently a reliable and sympathetic supporter.

Background note

Jane Aitken (1764-1732) was a longtime citizen, bookbinder, and printer of Philadelphia, the eldest daughter of Robert and Janet (Skeoch). She was born on July 11, 1764, in Paisley, Scotland, where her father ran a stationer's store and circulating library until 1771 when he moved his wife Janet, Jane, and second daughter Margaret, to Philadelphia. She is known for her extraordinary skill as a printer and a bookbinder, the only great woman bookbinder of the early American republic. Her greatest printing achievement was the Thomson Bible of 1808.

Her father Robert Aitken was a talented printer and bookbinder. Within one month of his arrival in Philadelphia, he had established a large and successful bookstore. In 1773, he published Aitken's General American Register, and the Gentleman's and Tradesman's Complete Annual Account Book, and Calendar...for the Year of Our Lord, 1773 which proved his proficiency in the book arts. Based on her own proficiency and the similarity and continuity of bookbinding and printing styles sustained long after her father's death, Aitken must have learned the bookbinding and printing trades at an early age.

Despite Robert Aitken's hard work and established reputation he died leaving to his daughter Jane an enormous amount of debt of $3,000. Aitken's debts, as revealed in the Aitken-Vaughan papers, were largely those incurred by Jane's late brother-in-law Charles Campbell, a clock and watchmaker, for whom Robert Aitken had signed a number of notes. The debts did not, as was long believed, result from the printing of the Aitken Bible of 1782—the first English language Bible printed in America.

Aitken was thirty-eight years old, when she inherited the family printing and bookbinding business. Like her father, Jane Aitken was an extremely talented and prolific printer and bookbinder. She was responsible for printing a number of publications after she took over her father's business, including contracts from the American Philosophical Society, the Philadelphia Female Association, and the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture, to name just a few. At least sixty of her published works are known from the period 1802 to 1812. Her most important work, according to the contemporary historian of printing Isaiah Thomas, was the four-volume Thomson Bible of 1808, which firmly established Jane's Aitken's reputation. This Bible was a new translation prepared by Charles Thomson, former secretary of the Continental Congress, the first English translation from the Septuagint (the Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures or Old Testament). It is also likely that it was the only Bible ever printed by a woman in America. The typeface Aitkens used for the Thomson Bible was an attractive and utilitarian type developed in 1796 by two Scotsmen named Binney and Ronaldson at their Philadelphia type foundry. It is a Transitional typeface, between Old Style and Modern.

Jane Aitken never married. Although her youngest sister Mary Ann managed to get married and have children, Jane's single status might have had more to do with her independent and ambitious nature than a lack of opportunity. A lack of marriage prospects also might have resulted from the family’s financial instability. Also, as the oldest and the second most experienced printer in the Aitken family Jane might have decided to remain unmarried in order to better assist her father with the printing business. At any rate, Jane spent the entirety of her adult life struggling to contend with her father's legacy: a solid reputation for printing, enormous debt, and the responsibility of two younger sisters, one recently widowed with three children. It is unknown whether Jane's mother, Janet, was still alive at her father's death in 1802. Jane also had an older brother Robert Aitken Jr., a printer, whom her father had disinherited some time before his death in 1802. Considered only a minor talent, Robert Aitken Jr. was apparently incapable of providing assistance to his overburdened sister.

One person who did provide assistance for many years after her father's death was her friend the American Philosophical Society’s Librarian John Vaughan (1756-1841, APS 1784). Nevertheless, the relationship between him and Aitken is ambiguous. Although he is described as a tireless supporter of Aitken, Vaughan couldn't - or wouldn't -- prevent her printing equipment from being seized and sold at a Sheriff's sale in 1813. Afterward, he bought most of her equipment and leased it back to her, albeit on advantageous terms. In spite of continuous printing work, Jane was sometimes forced to rely on bookbinding for her livelihood. The extant bound editions of her work include some four hundred volumes for the American Philosophical Society, a number of author’s presentation copies of her imprints and the first receipt ledger for the Athenaeum of Philadelphia. The bindings of these volumes reveal extraordinary skill and taste. Also, the similarity of these bindings to those issued from her father’s shop from the 1780’s to 1802 raises the possibility that she was responsible for much of the bindery output, in design, if not production. The quality of the examples of her bindings qualifies Aitken as a distinguished practitioner in the history of American bookbinding; in fact, the only woman bookbinder with such skill known from this period.

Aitken’s great skill, hard work, and even Vaughan's generosity as a benefactor were not enough to overcome the burden of her inherited debts, because in 1814 Jane served time for her debts in a Norristown, Pennsylvania, prison. While it is uncertain exactly how long the prison term lasted, Aitken is recorded as doing binding work in 1815. After 1815 the record of her activities becomes very sparse. The 1819 city directory lists her as "late printer," and she died on September 5, 1832 at the age of sixty-nine. It is difficult to determine exactly when and why Aitken finally retired from printing and bookbinding; but this appears to have been shortly after 1815 for the health-related reasons given in her obituary. It reported that she died after a "long and painful illness."

Scope and content

This collection contains approximately 145 items, primarily correspondence between Jane Aitken and John Vaughan regarding financial matters. Most often these exchanges consisted of a brief note from Aitken to Vaughan explaining her financial needs and requesting a loan or an advance. Unsurprisingly, many of the items relate to the estate of her father Robert Aitken, including several inventories outlining the extent of his debt.

A couple of exceptions to the rather dry nature of this collection: a scathing "anonymous" letter written to John Vaughan and possibly a letter written in response. The dramatic "anonymous" letter accused Vaughan of "cruelty and hypocrisy;" the "response" letter written to a Mr. Fry, possibly Vaughan's attorney, informed him of the last leasing terms to be offered to Jane Aitken. These two letters, written just a few weeks apart, invite speculation into the complicated and inter-reliant relationship between Aitken and Vaughan.

Overall, however, this collection documents the business relationship between Jane Aitken and John Vaughan.

Arrangement

The correspondence is arranged chronologically

Collection information

Provenance

Unknown.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Jane Aitken Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by Anne Harney, 2001.

Related material

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania and The Rosenbach Museum and Library both have a small number of Aitken materials.

Early American History Note

This collection consists of Aitken family papers and correspondence. The bulk of the collection relates to Jane Aitken's life and dates from 1800 to 1814, the height of Jane Aitken’s business career. Much of the correspondence is between Aitken and John Vaughan, a wealthy Philadelphia merchant who served as Jane’s investor and benefactor when she fell on hard times.

The early portion of the collection deals primarily with Jane’s attempt to settle her father’s estate and her attempts to finance her own business endeavor. The subsequent letters are often about agreements between Aitken and Vaughan over credit and debts. Very few letters contain personal content. The later portion of the collection includes a detailed accounting of Aitken’s business estate and its liquidation.

Jane Aitken was likely Philadelphia’s first female printer. Born the eldest of three children of Robert and Janet Aitken in Scotland, she emigrated with the rest of her family when her father set off to establish a press in Philadelphia. Robert Aitken opened a shop in Philadelphia in 1771 and immediately began producing the staples of American printers: almanacs and other short utilitarian works. In 1782, he branched out and printed, with the approval of the Continental Congress, the first English language version of King James’ Bible ever printed in North America. “Aitken’s Bible” was considered an exemplary piece of printing but proved to be a financially fraught undertaking that left Aitken in arrears.

Jane took over her father’s business sometime around her father’s death in 1802, although she likely played a prominent role in the business prior to his death. She printed a variety of works, including the Transactions for the American Philosophical Society. Like her father, she undertook an ambitious Bible project called the “Thomson Bible.” The four-volume Bible printed in 1808 was, like her father’s before her, well-received for its craftsmanship but a commercial failure. Like her father, Jane fell into debt and eventually spent time in debtor’s prison in 1813. After her release, she did some binding work before her death in 1832.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Business Records and Accounts

Personal Name(s)

  • Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832
  • Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802.
  • Vaughan, John, 1756-1841

Subject(s)

  • American Philosophical Society
  • Bookbinding
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Finance, Personal
  • Philadelphia History
  • Printers--Pennsylvania--History
  • Printing and Publishing
  • Printing--Pennsylvania--History
  • Women Printers
  • Women's History


Detailed Inventory
Jane Aitken Papers
  Box 1
Request Series
Vaughan, John.
Various accounts, dates, sums
1784 9 items Request Item
McAlpin and Napier..
Account with estate of Robert Aitken
1801 Oct.5-1802 July 15 1p. Request Item
Sparhawk, John S..
Closure of account with Jane Aitken, first dated Nov. 19, 1800
1801 Dec. 3 1p. Request Item
Estate of John Stillé.
Receipt to Robert Aitken
1802 May 25 1p. Request Item
Estate of Robert Aitken..
Statement of the estate of John Stillé
May 25, 1802 1p. Request Item
Sparhawk, John, estate..
Statement to Robert Aitken
1802 July 1 1p. Request Item
William Richards..
Statement of the estate of Robert Aitken
1802 June 9-July 19 1p. Request Item
Moylan, Jaspar.
Account of the estate of Charles Campbell to Onslow Wakeford
1802, Sept. 2-1804, Aug. 12 1p. Request Item
Moylan, Jaspar.
Statement of account with the estate of Charles Campbell
1802-1804 1p. Request Item
McAlpin and Napier..
Statement of accounts to Jane Aitken, first dated Dec. 7, 1802
1802 Dec. 7-1803 Sept. 26 1p. Request Item
List of accounts rendered against the estate of Robert Aitken.
1803 1p. Request Item

Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of payments of the estates of Robert Aitken and Charles Campbell by Jane Aitken
1803 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of weights of types and printing purchases
1803-1812 3p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of books and binding materials
1803 Feb. 1p. Request Item
Lohra, Peter.
Notices of unpaid notes signed by Jane and Margaret Aitken
1803 Feb. 24- April 14 3 items Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Printed letter to Robert Aitken's creditors
1803 2p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of accounts for Robert Aitken's estate
1804 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Statement of accounts due Robert Aitken's estate
1804 Aug. 14 2p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Statement of accounts with Jane Aitken and the A.P.S.
1804 Aug 8-16 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Promissory note to John Vaughan
1805 Jan. 7 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Statement of accounts to John Vaughan in the form of a list of supplies and prices
1805 Jan. 15-Dec. 30 2p. Request Item
Gibson, James, et. al..
Notice of legal action vs. executors of Robert Aitken
1805 Jan. 19 1p. Request Item
Reed, Joseph, 1741-1785.
Regarding "lein" on Robert Aitken account
1805 July 6 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum concerning Aitken estate
1805 July 6 2p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan regarding binding work
1805 July 19 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
"Adjustment of debts due by Robert Aitken's estate."
1805 July 9 2p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of accounts
1805 July 17-Aug. 12 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
To Jane Aitken regarding binding work
1805 July 19 1p. Request Item
Bank of the U.S..
Statement of the accounts of Robert Aitken's estate
1805 July 27 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Notice of sums owed to McAlpin and Napier by the estate of Robert Aitken
1805 July 27 2p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Receipt to John Vaughan for printing advertisement for the lands of Joseph Priestly
1805 Aug. 16 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Receipt to John Vaughan for the Asylum Company
1805 Sept. 2 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Statement of accounts with John Vaughan
1805 Sept. 7- Dec. 6 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Request for a loan to John Vaughan
1805 Sept. 17 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Statement of account with John Vaughan
1806 March 18- Aug. 25 1p. Request Item
Gordon, Adam.
ALS to James Gibson regarding financial legalities, with Gibson's reply on verso
1806 March 23 2p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Statement of account with John Vaughan
1806 Aug. 26- Dec. 25 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan
1806 Sept. 24 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Account of sales of paper
1806 Oct. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting money for Thomas Cooper
1806 Dec. 16 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan for "boards."
1806 Dec. 17 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan until she gets paid by Mr. Bache
1808 Sept. 10 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
List of accounts with William Dunbar
1809 Jan. 2-1810 Dec. 31 3p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Statement of accounts with William Dunbar
1809 Feb. 1- Nov. 15 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Account with John Vaughan
1809 Feb. 7- Dec. 5 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting $30 for "Charles Cooper."
1809 June 2 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for twelve dollars for printing Transactions
1809 June 3 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting twenty dollars for printing materials
1809 Sept. 16 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
List of accounts with John Vaughan
1809 Dec. 7-1811 Jan. 3 3p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Account with John Vaughan and A.P.S.
1810 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
"Mr. John Vaughan for Mr. Pennington" regarding an account with the A.P.S.
1810 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting money for clothing for "Charles Cooper."
1810 Jan. 11 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting money for the "sherriffs office."
1810 Feb. 1 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting money "for the purpose of paying my men's wages."
1810 Feb. 10 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a $35 advance
1810 Feb. 27 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting $40 for clothing for "Charles."
1810 April 2 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $23
1810 April 21 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $50 for clothing for Charles Cooper
1810 Aug. 7 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for a fifty dollar loan
1810 Nov. 8 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for a one hundred fifty dollar loan because she has "plenty of work but no money," and "not one stick of wood."
1810 Dec. 19 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Accounts with John Vaughan
1811 Jan. 11-1812 Aug. 22 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Note to Vaughan asking for a loan while she works on a "directory."
1811 Jan. 19 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Account with William Dunbar
1811 Jan. 28-1812 Sept. 11 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for a loan of $130
1811 Feb. 9 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting an advance for an orde
1811 April 18 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan mentioning a financial agreement with a Mr. Sullivan
1811 May 8 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Promissory note to William Turnbull
1811 May 9 1p. Request Item
Turnbull, William.
Promissory note to Jane Aitken
1811 May 9 1p. Request Item
Turnbull, William.
Promissory note to Jane Aitken
1811 May 9 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for "6 or 700 dollars."
1811 May 9 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Bill of sale to John Vaughan for slates and pencils
1811 May 21 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
A very distressed letter to John Vaughan requesting a loan
1811 May 27 1p. Request Item
Chapman, William.
To John Smith about paying William Shannon
1811 June 14 2p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan
1811 June 21 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan
1811 July 6 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to pay Mr. James McAlpin
1811 July 8 1p. Request Item
Turnbull, William.
Promissory note to Jane Aitken
1811 July 8 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to pay J. and A.Y. Humphreys
1811 July 11 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a loan of twenty dollars in order to finish "some books for the Bank."
1811 July 25 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to pay William Y. Birch "or Order" $112.50
1811 July 27 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $50
1811 Aug. 17 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to Pay George Knorr $180.50 "for Value received."
1811 Aug. 19 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
William Shannon ordering John Smith to pay Jane Aitken "all the monies that now is, or hereafter may be due to me..."
1811 Aug. 20 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking him to give Charles "what you can spare."
1811 Aug. 31 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking him to give Charles $60
1811 Sept. 7 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to pay "Lohra and Carlile."
1811 Sept. 12 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $10
1811 Sept. 17 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $89.31
1811 Sept. 19 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to John Vaughan to pay "Kimber and Conrad."
1811 Sept. 23 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $50
1811 Sept. 26 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $20.
1811 Oct. 17 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for "note" that he'd "promised."
1811 Oct. 28 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for $130.
1811 Nov. 2 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan, a desperate request for $250
1811 Nov. 2 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Request to John Vaughan for an advance of thirty dollars for clothing for "Charles."
1811 Dec. 3 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan regarding a note of $120
1812 Jan. 29 2p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Promissory note to John Vaughan
1812 June 9 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan regarding an advance of seventy dollars and Mr. Fletcher's desire to "seize."
1812 July 10 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Draft on James Gray to pay John Vaughan
1812 Aug. 12 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan about potential work for Mr. Bradford
1812 Oct. 31 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a "draught" on the money that Mr. Bradford owes her
1812 Nov. 9 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to Bradford and Insheck to pay John Vaughan
1812 Nov. 26 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Requesting a meeting with John Vaughan
1812 Dec. 1 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan asking for money for men's wages
1812 Dec. 5 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Account with Jane Aitken
1812 Dec. 26-1813 Aug. 28 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Account with Jane Aitken
1812 Dec. 26-1813 Aug. 28 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of type purchased
1813 ca. 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum concerning accounts
1813 1p. Request Item
Binney and Co..
Notice of account with Jane Aitken
1813 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of assets of Jane Aitken
1813 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of creditors against Jane Aitken
1813 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting a meeting
1813 Jan. 11 1p. Request Item
Shoemaker, J..
To Jane Aitken regarding her debt
1813 Jan. 11 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Account with John Vaughan
1813 Jan. 29 1p. Request Item
Bradford, Jr. Thomas.
To John Vaughan regarding Jane Aitken's debt
1813 Feb. 17 1p. Request Item
Shoemaker, J..
To John Vaughan regarding Jane Aitken's debt
1813 March 10 1p. Request Item
Shoemaker, J..
To John Porter, Esq. Re: "Thomas Morton v Jane Aitken."
1813 March 10 1p. Request Item
Sergeant, E.S..
To John Vaughan regarding sheriff's sale
1813 April 7 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
To Jane Aitken regarding her business and bond
1813 April 10 1p. Request Item
Anonymous.
To John Vaughan accusing him of "cruelty, deceitfulness, and hypocrisy."
1813 April 18 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of value of printing shop of Jane Aitken
1813 May 7 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
To Mr. Fry regarding the leasing terms to be offered to Jane Aitken
1813 May 8 1p. Request Item
Campbell, Mary Ann Aitken.
To John Vaughan offering A.P.S. Transactions
1813 June 10 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Order to Robert Harris, Jr. to pay John Vaughan
1813 June 16 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
To Mr. Elliot regarding payment received from Jane Aitken
1813 June 18 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
To Mr. Elliot notifying him of "further justification."
1813 June 18 1p. Request Item
Porter, John.
Copy of an agreement for arbitration between George Morris, Joseph Cooper, and George A. Snyder
1813 June 25 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Memorandum of accounts most likely involving Jane Aitken with Mr. Sergant.
1814 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan about binding materials.
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan about the money "for discount."
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan regarding her "answer."
n.d 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting $200
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan regarding Mr. Sergeant and "house security."
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
To John Vaughan requesting $50
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832.
Memorandum concerning binding prices
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of assets of Robert Aiken's estat
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of bindery tools
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
List of Robert Aitken's items purchased by Vaughan
n.d. 1p. Request Item
Vaughan, John.
Accounts
n.d. 3 items Request Item