Navigation
Abstract

A student of Edward Sapir's at the University of Chicago (PhD, 1931), Harry Hoijer began his career in linguistics with intensive fieldwork on the Coahuiltecan language, Tonkawa, though shortly thereafter he turned to an intensive study of Athapaskan, including several Apache languages, Navajo, Sarsi, and Galice. Employed as an instructor at the University of Chicago for several years, Hoijer moved to the new Department of Anthropology at UCLA in 1940, where he remained until his retirement.

The Hoijer Collection contains textual materials representing comparative linguistic studies of Athapascan languages, including Carrier, Chipewyan, Galice, Navajo, Sarsi, and five Apache languages and dialects, (Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Mescalero, Lipan, and San Carlos). The collection also includes four audio recordings of Loucheux (Kutchin, Gwich'in), and copies of texts collected by Hoijer from colleagues Berard Haile, Diamond Jenness, David Mandelbaum, Chic Sandoval, and Edward Sapir.

Background note

Harry Hoijer was born to immigrant Swedish parents in Chicago in 1904. He studied mathematics and engineering at the University of Chicago (B.A. 1927) and only began his research into American Indian languages as a graduate student at the University of Chicago (M.A. 1929, Ph.D. 1931). He continued at Chicago as instructor in anthropology until 1940, when he was appointed Assistant Professor in the newly formed Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. At Chicago, Hoijer was most influenced by Edward Sapir, with whom he shared a lifelong professional association.

At UCLA, Hoijer was instrumental in developing the Graduate Program in Linguistics, chairing the interdepartmental program from 1959 to 1963, when the Department of Linguistics was established. His own affiliation at UCLA remained with the Department of Anthropology. With Ralph L. Beals he co-authored An Introduction to Anthropology (1953; 4th ed., 1971).

Hoijer was a visiting professor in regular and summer sessions at several universities, and taught in nine of the summer linguistic institutes sponsored by the Linguistic Society of America. From 1950 until his retirement he chaired the Committee on Research in American Indian Languages, sponsored by the American Council of Learned Societies. He served as President of the American Anthropological Association in 1958 and President of the Linguistic Society of America in 1959. He was also a consultant to the UNESCO Commission on Language and Mentality.

Hoijer placed his scholarship at the service of the community. He introduced a statement for the defense in the Sleepy Lagoon murder trial, refuting the prosecution's contention that the defendants had inherited a blood lust from the Aztec ancestors. He also joined the fight against the abusive and infamous Loyalty Oath controversy at the University of California, and was subpoenaed by the California Committee on Un-American Activities.

His many publications reflect his dedication to both linguistics and anthropology. His doctoral fieldwork on the Coahuiltecan language, Tonkawa, in Oklahoma resulted in the publication of an important sketch in the Handbook of American Indian Languages (1933). With the later publication of Tonkawa Texts (1972), Hoijer created a lasting testimony to Tonkawa culture. His later studies were concentrated on the Athapascan languages of the American Southwest and the Pacific Coast. Like the inaugural work on Tonkawa, they were the result of extensive fieldwork.

In addition to his own publications, Hoijer inherited a corpus of materials from Edward Sapir, as well as the responsibility of acting as Sapir's literary executor. The Navajo Lexicon published in 1974, was Hoijer's last major work. Like Navajo Texts (1942), it was the product of a collaboration between Hoijer and Sapir. Hoijer also served in editorial capacities on the International Journal of American Linguistics and the American Anthropologist.

An extensive bibliography of Hoijer's publications was published by William Bright in IJAL 30 (1964):169-174; this is supplemented by select bibliographies in two necrological essays: by Victoria Fromkin, in Language 53 (1977):169-173, and by Ralph L. Beals, in the American Anthropologist 79 (1977):105-110.

Scope and content

Dating primarily from the 1930s, the Hoijer Collection reflects the dedication to fieldwork that lay behind Harry Hoijer's extensive publications on Athapascan languages. The collection includes representative samples of his work in several Apache languages and dialects (Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, and Lipan), Navajo, Galice, and Sarsi, as well as comparative data in several Athapascan languages.

The collection is composed of four series: (I) Correspondence, (II) Works by Harry Hoijer, (III) Works Collected by Harry Hoijer, and (IV) Recordings. The bulk of the collection consists of fieldnotes and typescripts of Hoijer's transcribed and translated texts from several Athapascan languages: Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan Apache, Mescalero, and Navajo. The collection also includes samples of Hoijer's detailed linguistic notes on Carrier, Galice, Sarci, and comparative notes on Athapascan.

Hoijer's transcriptions of Navajo Songs and Night Chants (Series II) include extensive notes, with some drawings, on the conduct of the ceremony. Series III includes texts collected by Hoijer from his fellow researchers, including Berard Haile (Jicarilla), Diamond Jenness (Sarci), David Mandelbaum (San Carlos Apache), and Chic Sandoval (Navajo).

Hoijer's close association with Edward Sapir is documented at several different stages: the field notes on Navajo grammar (Kendall 4575) date to Hoijer's graduate years at Chicago; as Sapir's literary executor, Hoijer devoted several years to the publication, in 1974, of A Navajo Lexicon (see Kendall 4565 in the APS collection). Though limited, the correspondence (Series I) includes one letter from Edward Sapir.

Collection information

Provenance

Acquired, 1973 (accn. no. 1976-1454ms).

Preferred citation

Cite as: Harry Hoijer Collection, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by Barbara DeMarco, 2003.

Other finding aids

The Hoijer Collection is also described in the online Daythal Kendall Guide to Native American Collections at the American Philosophical Society.

Separated material

The Loucheux recordings (Series IV) are stored with the Audiovisual Collections (Rec. 149).

Related material

Additional correspondence of Hoijer's is located in the papers of Franz Boas (B B61) and John Alden Mason (B M384).

Related material of Apache and other Athapaskan languages is index in the online Daythal Kendall Guide to Native American Collections at the American Philosophical Society.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Ethnographic texts
  • Field notes.
  • Linguistic texts
  • Slip files

Subject(s)

  • Carrier language
  • Chiricahua Apache language
  • Galice language
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Jicarilla language
  • Linguistics
  • Lipan Apache language
  • Mescalero language
  • Navajo language
  • San Carlos Apache language
  • Sarsi language
Collection overview
1935-1976 5 items Request Series
  Box 1
Request Series
  Box 6
Request Series
  Box 1
Request Series

Loucheux words and brief phrases given in response to English.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1935-1976 5 items Request Series
Hoijer, Dorothy.
to Whitfield J. Bell (American Philosophical Society)
September 30, 1976 Box 1
Request Item

Describes some items in the donated collection, lists native informants, and gives details on the manner of place of recording some data.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
List of five names
n.d. Box 1
Request Item

Possible suggested readers for a manuscript or suggested contacts on Sapir.

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
to Harry Hoijer
November 2, 1935 Box 1
Request Item

Comparative data on verb forms in Carrier, Lujan, Ts'ets'ant

University of Chicago..
Correspondence reagrding grant from American Philosophical Society
April 10-21, 1939 Box 1
Request File

Letters regarding the application of the balance from the APS grant from Yale to University of Chicago for use by Hoijer

Ostrander, H. J..
to E. G. Conklin
April 10, 1939 Box 1
Request Item

Copy to Jean Sapir, acknolwedging letter of April 5, approving transfer of grant to Hoijer, with handwritten note by Jean Sapier, stating the balance was to be used to support Chic Sandoval's fieldwork on Navajo.

Woodward, Frederick.
to H. J. Ostrander
April 14, 1939 Box 1
Request Item

Acknowledging receipt of check for balance of grant.

Sandoval, Chic.
to Harry Hoijer
April 21, 1939 Box 1
Request Item

Agrees to take over Sapir's Navajo materials.

Unidentified correspondent.
to Harry Hoijer
August 19, 1974 Box 1
Request Item

Re: research on Sapir and the history of anthropology at the University of Chicago.

Series II. Works by Hoijer
  Box 1
Request Series
4012 [fix]. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Carrier vowels and consonants
  AMs, 2p. Box 1
Request Item

Charts of phonetic values of Carrier vowels and consonants.

4176. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes
1930, 1934 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Chiricahua texts with interlinear English glosses and English translations [H.H.'s fieldnotes while with the Univ. of Chicago Dept of Anthropology]. Inside cover of first notebook reads "Crook-Neck--Lipan speaking. About 60 yrs.--about mile from Sam's place". Informant: Sam Kenoi. Texts are annotated for publication; many titles are corrected in the translation; some titles are numbered as well.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes #1
1930 1 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

Old Times (June 17, 1930) (pp. 1-4)

Coyote and the White Man (June 18, 1930) (pp. 4v-14)

Coyote and the Rock Rabbit 9 (or, The Rabbit Stuffed with Rocks) (June 18, 1930) (pp. 14v-15) no. 12

Coyote and the Rolling Rock (June 19, 1930) (pp. 15v-19) no. 14

Coyote Misses Rock Rabbit (n.d.) (pp. 19v-21) no. 13

Coyote and the Stink Bug (n.d.) (pp. 21v-25) no. 15

Coyote and the Lizard (June 21, 1930) (pp. 25v-33) no. 16

Coyote Dances with the Prairie Dogs (June 25, 1930) (pp. 33v-49) no. 17

Coyote Marries His Own Daughter (pp. 49v-60), no. 18 [cont'd in Notebook 2]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes #2
1930, 1934 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

Coyote marries His Own Daughter (pp. 1-5) no. 18 [continued from Notebook 1]

The Birth of Tóhágì._tcìnέ_ (pp. 6v-16) no. 1

The Killing of the Dragon (pp. 16v-38) no. 2

The Killing of the Bull (pp. 38v-44) no. 3

The Killing of the Eagle (pp. 44v-53) no. 4

The Killing of the Prairie Dogs (pp. 53v-59) no. 5 [continues in Notebook 3]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes #3
1930, 1934 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

Prairie Dogs, etc. (p. 1), no. 5 [continued from Notebook 2]

The Creation (pp. 1v-8) no. 6

The Gambling Game for Night and Day (pp. 8v-18) no. 7

Coyote Obtains Fire (pp. 18v-24) no. 10

The Quarrel between the Thunder and the Wind (pp. 24v-29) no. 8

The Sun (p. 30) no. 9

Old Apache Customs (pp. 31-57) no. 39

The First Gáhέ Dance (pp. 57v-61) no. 19 [continues in Notebook 4]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes #4
1930, 1934 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

The First Gáhέ Dance (pp. 1-22) no. 19 [continued from Notebook 3]

The Visit of the Mountain Spirits (pp. 22v-37) no. 20

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts, fieldnotes #5
1930, 1934 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

[page-numbering stops at 30; supplied numbers are in brackets]

The Foolish People and the Missing Pack (March 20, 1934) (pp. 1-5) no. 24

The Foolish People Imitate the Crow (March 20, 1934) (pp. 5v-7) no. 25

The Apache and the Commanche [sic] (March 20, 1934) (pp. 7v-9) no. 32

The Foolish People and the Horse (March 20, 1934) (pp. 9v-12) no. 26

The Fake Medicine Man (March 20, 1934) (pp. 12v-17) no. 33

The Foolish People and the White Man (March 20, 1934) (p. 17v-19) no. 22

The Foolish People Acquire Copper (March 20, 1934) (pp. 19v-22) no. 28

The Foolish People Go to War (March 20, 1934) (pp. 23-24) no. 29

The Foolish People Run Away (March 20, 1934) (pp. 24v-26) no. 30

The Woman Shaman (March 20, 1934) (pp. 26v-29) no. 34

A Visit to the Mountain Spirits (March 23, 1934) 29v-[p. 35] no. 22

The Mountain People and the Cripples (March 23, 1934) [pp. 35v-37] no. 23

The Woman Who Had Horse Power (March 23, 1934) [pp. 37v-40] no. 35

A Girl is Lost (March 23, 1934) [pp. 40v-42] no. 36

The Girl and the Water Spirit (March 23, 1934) [pp. 42v-45] no. 37

Stories of the Foolish People (March 23, 1934) [pp. 45v-48] no. 31

The Old Woman's Grandson [pp. 48v-60] no. 38 [indications that the legend is continued in another notebook; see notes to Box 6]

4175. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua and Mescalero fieldnotes
1934 1 notebook Box 1
Request Item

One notebook, entitled "Close of Duncan's Long Apache Texts Vol. VII, Mescalero", containing Mescalero texts in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses, English translation and additional notes on facing page. According to Kendall, this is last of the series begun in 4176 [= Box 5].  Contents:

[continuation of a story]

A Hunting Trip (18 pp) no. 9

Coyote and Dove (3 pp) no. 6

Coyote Marries his Daughter (6 pp) [text crossed out] no. 7

4174. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Chiricahua texts in translation
n.d. 23p. Box 1
Request Item

Typescript. English translations only [not proofread]; some tales in multiple copies. Informant and translator; Sam Kenoi.  Contents:

Coyote and the White Man (3 pp.)

Coyote and the Rabbit Stuffed with Rocks (1 p.)

Coyote and the Rolling Rock (1 p.)

Coyote Misses Real Rabbit (1 p.)

Coyote Marries his own Daughter (2 pp.)

The Foolish People and the Missing Pack (7 pp., several versions)

The Foolish People Imitate the Crow (2 pp.)

The Apache and the Comanche (2 pp.)

The Foolish People and the Horse (2 pp.)

The False Medicine Man (2 pp.)

4113. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Comparative Athapascan [lexical]
  ca.300 slips othertype Slipfile 1
Request Item

5x7 handwritten slips, alphabetically arranged, according to the English gloss. Comparative lexical data from Sarsi, Chipewyan, and Navajo.

4112. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Comparative Athapascan Affixes
n.d. 27p. Box 1
Request Item

Charts of comparative data taken from 33 languages and dialects. Athapascan data, with English glosses, e.g., Sarsi sínì, Chip. sì, Nav. šì, Engl. 'I am'

4259. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Galice Record
n.d. 16p. Box 1
Request Item

Handwritten on looseleaf, listing lexical items in phonemic transcription, with English glosses, e.g., dalbai. Lexicon includes nouns, pronouns, prepositions, adverbs, adjectives, as well as inflected forms of nouns ('my wife, your wife, his wife') and phrases (e.g., 'I shall see it', 'what are you doing?'). According to Kendall, nouns and verbs with person markers, but no complete paradigms..

4433. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes
n.d. 5 notebooks Box 1
Request Item

5 notebooks of Jicarilla texts in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses. The notebooks, labeled 1 to 5, are paginated separately (some tales carry over). Informants: Cevero Caramillo and Alasco Tiznada. According to Kendall, texts in 4430 and 4433 are the same.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes, Notebook 1 ("Coyote stories")
n.d. 1 notebook Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

[untitled] (pp. 1v-2)

Coyote and Lizard (10-17-34) (pp. 2v-4) no. 2

Coyote Eats a Meadow Mouse (10-18-34) (pp. 5-11) no. 3

[untitled] (10-18-34) (pp. 13-16)

Coyote and Elk (10-18-34) (pp. 16v-22) no. 5

The Gambling Game for Day [n.d.] (pp. 22v-29) no. 6

The Man Who Liked to Gamble (pp. 30-60) no. 7 [continues in notebook 2]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes, Notebook 2 ("Alasco Tiznada, pp.1-60")
n.d. 1 notebook Box 1
Request Item

Contents:

[The Man Who Liked to Gamble; continued from notebook 1] [n.d.] (pp. 1-11)

The Woman who Became a Deer [n.d.] (pp. 11v-60)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes, Notebook 3 ("Alasco Tiznada, interptered by Cevero Caramillo")
n.d. 1 notebook Box 1
Request Item

Entries untitled.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes, Notebook 4 ("Alasco Tiznada, interptered by Cevero Caramillo")
n.d. 1 notebook Box 2
Request Item

Entries untitled.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts, Fieldnotes, Notebook 5 ("Alasco Tiznada, interptered by Cevero Caramillo")
n.d. 1 notebook Box 2
Request Item

Entries untitled.

4430. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
n.d. 350p. Box 2
Request Item

Typed mss of ten texts: Coyote stories told by Cevero Caramillo; remaining texts by Alasco Tiznada, with the help of Cevero Caramillo. Each text contains four parts: Jicarilla text in phonemic transcription, English gloss (or literal translation), English translation, second English gloss.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 1a
Request Item

Contents:

The Translation: Preface (1 p)

Texts:

1. The Greedy Coyote (4 pp)

2. Coyote and Lizard (4 pp)

3. Coyote Eats a Meadow Mouse (10 pp)

4. Coyote and Buffalo (8 pp)

5. Coyote and Elk (6 pp)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 1b
Request Item

Contents:

6. The Gambling Game for Day (10 pp)

7. The Man Who Liked to Gamble (54 pp)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 1c
Request Item

Contents:

8. The Woman Who Became a Deer (26 pp)

9. The Trip to the Plains for Buffalo (21 pp)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 1
Request Item

Contents:

10. The Abandoned Children (193 pp total), part 1

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 1e
Request Item

Contents:

10. The Abandoned Children, part 2

4432. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 2
n.d. ca.250p. Box 2
Request Item

Phonemic transcription and translation of texsts 1-10 (see Jicarilla texts 1).

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2a
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

1. The Greedy Coyote

2. Coyote and Lizard

3. Coyote Eats a Meadow Mouse

4. Coyote and Buffalo

5. Coyote and Elk

6. The Gambling Game for Day

7. The Man Who Liked to Gamble

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2b
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

8. The Woman Who Became a Deer

9. The Trip to the Plains for Buffalo

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2c
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

10. The Abandoned Children

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2
Request Item

Contents (translation):

1. The Greedy Coyote

2. Coyote and Lizard

3. Coyote Eats a Meadow Mouse

4. Coyote and Buffalo

5. Coyote and Elk

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2e
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

6. The Gambling Game for Day

7. The Man Who Liked to Gamble

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

8. The Woman Who Became a Deer

9. The Trip to the Plains for Buffalo

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 1
  Folder 2g
Request Item

Contents (phonemic transcriptions):

10. The Abandoned Children

4432. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3 [handwritten]
n.d. 10 folders Box 2
Request Item

Handwritten pages on looseleaf, containing Jicarilla texts of ten tales, in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses. Approx. 250 pp. Same stories as Jicarilla texts 1 and 2.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Folder 3a
Request Item

Contents:

Informant: Cevero Caramillo

The Greedy Coyote (2 pp. [missing p. 1]), no. 1

Coyote and Lizard (2 pp.), no. 2

Coyote Eats a Meadow Mouse (4 pp.), no. 3

Coyote and Buffalo (3 pp.), no. 4

Coyote and Elk (3 pp.), no. 5

Informant: Alasco Tiznada

The Gambling Game for Day (4 pp. [p. 1 includes taped note to add to l. 7]), no. 6

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Folder 3b
Request Item

Contents:

Informant: Alasco Tiznada: The Man Who Liked to Gamble (31 pp. [only Jicarilla text, no English]), no. 7

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Folder 3c
Request Item

Contents:

Informant: Alasco Tiznada: The Man Who Liked to Gamble (26 pp. [second version: Jicarilla and English])

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Folder 3
Request Item

Contents:

[Informant not specified]: The Woman Who Became a Deer (22 pp.), no. 8

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Folder 3e
Request Item

Contents:

[Informant not specified]: The Trip to the Plains for Buffalo (17 pp.), no. 9

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Box 3:
Folder 3
Request Item

Contents:

[Informant not specified]: The Abandoned Children (pp. 1-33), no. 10

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Box 3:
Folder 3g
Request Item

Contents:

[continues 3f]: The Abandoned Children (pp. 34-66

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Box 3:
Folder 3h
Request Item

Contents:

[continues 3g]: The Abandoned Children (pp. 67-99)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Box 3:
Folder 3i
Request Item

Contents:

[continues 3h]: The Abandoned Children (pp. 100-132)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Jicarilla Texts 3
  Box 3:
Folder 3j
Request Item

Contents:

[continues 3i]: The Abandoned Children (pp. 133-166 [conclusion])

4474. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Lipan Apache Fieldnotes
Late 1930s 1 notebook Box 3
Request Item

Unpaginated [supplied page numbers are given in brackets]. Texts in Lipan Apache in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses, and notes to the texts on facing pages. N.B. This notebook is rather frail.  Contents:

At School. Informant: Lisandro Mendez [pp. 4-8]

Further Schooling. Informant: L[isandro] M[endez] [pp. 8v-10]

Text 4 [no title]. Informant: Augustina Zuazua. [pp. 10v-59]

4475. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Lipan Texts
n.d. 8p. Box 3
Request Item

Typed texts in phonemic transcription, with English translations on separate pages. Informant: Lisandro Mendez.  Contents:

Deer and Coyote (2 pp.)

At School (4 pp.)

Further Schooling (2 pp.)

4473. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Lipan: "The History and Customs of the Lipan"
1975 Box 3
Request Item

Offprint of an article published by Harry Hoijer in the journal Linguistics 161 (1975): 5-38. Also contains typed draft. This is the final version of the text contained in Kendall 4474.

4503, 4504. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero fieldnotes
n.d. 5 notebooks Box 3
Request Item

Mescalero texts in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses, and notes to the texts on facing pages. Not fully paginated [supplied page numbers are given in brackets].

4503. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero fieldnotes, notebook #1 ("Apache texts")
n.d. Box 3
Request Item

Contents:

Apache Prayer. Informant: Horace Torres [with symbols] (pp. 1-[7])

Bird Song. Informant: Arnold K. [pp. 7v-8]

Squirrel Song [pp. 8v-9]

Turkey Song [pp. 9v-10]

War Song. Informant: Arnold K.[pp. 10v-11]

War Dance Song. Warm Springs Chiri [p. 11v]

Gá.hé Song. Informant: Leon Pariko [p. 12]

[no title][pp. 13-14]

Prayer. Informant: Sam Chino [pp. 15-21]

Songs [pp. 21v-23]

Moccasin Songs. Informant: Sam Chino [pp. 24-26]

Mescalero 3 Text. Informant: John Shanta [pp. 27-29]

4503. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero fieldnotes, notebook #2
n.d. Box 3
Request Item

Contents:

Mescalero Creation Myth. Informant: Sam Chino (pp. 1-10)

Mescalero Creation. Informant: Sam Chino (pp. 11-27)

Fire Story (pp. 28-34)

The Sun Wind Thunder Rain etc. Have a Quarrel (pp. 33-38)

Coyote (pp. 39-44)

Coyote (pp. 45-60)

4503. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero fieldnotes, notebook #3 ("Horace Torres, Coyote, Origin, Texts: Mescalero")
n.d. Box 3
Request Item

Contents:

[Only last twenty pages are numbered, beginning with p. 1]

[no titles] [pp. 1-40]

The Killing of the Monsters [41-60]

4504. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero fieldnotes, notebook 4 ("Mescalero Apache Texts")
1934 Box 3
Request Item

Contents:

Coyote and the Blue Bunting (April 2, 1934) (pp. 1-5), no. 1

Coyote and Owl (April 2, 1934) (pp. 6-16), no. 2

Coyote and Beaver (April 3, 1934) (pp. 17-35), no. 3

Coyote and Turtle (pp. 36-44), no. 4 [continues in notebook 5]

4504. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Mescalero Apache Texts, notebook 5
1934 Box 3
Request Item

Contents:

Coyote and Turtle [continued from Notebook 1] (April 3, 1934) (pp. 1-5)

Frog and Coyote (pp. 6-44) [possibly this text continues in another notebook]

4565. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo Lexicon
n.d. ca. 450p. Volume 1
Request Item

Assorted lexical material, arranged in groups, including theme prefixes, stems, particles, enclitics, etc. According to Kendall, this is the manuscript of a lexicon published in the University of California Publications in Linguistics series (no. 78, 1974). Lexical items are numbered; pages are mostly unnumbered.

4566. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo Night Chant
Feb. 25-Mar. 8, 1930-1932 5 notebooks Box 4
Request Item

All vols. labeled "Harry Hoijer, Navaho Night Chant," numbered consecutively, vols. I-V. Chant is written down in phonemic transcription, with additional notes in English on language and ceremony. References to cylinders [recordings]. Additional notes in the front pages of notebook 1 indicate that these are songs of Navaho Night Chant, started Feb. 25, 1930. Kechi-informant Frank Gould--interpreter". Reverse of page reads: "The first 75 not recorded by me--previously done by A. J. [?] Newcomb". According to a letter from Dorothy Hoijer [see correspondence], this was done in collaboration with Edward Sapir. Diagrams in vols. II and IV. Note at the end of vol. V: "Written up April 3, 1932".

4567. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo Songs
1930-1932 11 notebooks (ca.60p. each) Box 4
Request Item

Numbered consecutively, labeled "Harry Hoijer, Navaho Songs". Songs are written in phonemic transcription, with interlinear glosses and English translations. Some notes on ceremonial conduct. Internal reference to cylinders [recordings]. Navajo titles are listed on the first page of each notebook.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 1
1931 Box 4
Request Item

"Translated: ready to type, written up Oct. 9, 1931"  Contents:

Two Twins (Song #1)

Red Ants (#2)

Coming of the Water (#3)

Wolf (#4)

Locusts (#5)

Emergence (#6)

There are No Men (#7)

Coyote Steals Fire (#8)

Locust (#9)

Sweathouse (#10)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 2
1930 Box 4
Request Item

Contents:

Hogan (#11)

Mountain (#12)

Sun (#13)

World Spirit (#14)

Salt Woman Song (#15)

Making the Stars (#16)

They Saw Each Other (#17)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 3
1932 Box 4
Request Item

"Finished Feb. 18, 1932"  Contents:

Changing Woman is Born (#18)

Changing Woman is Washed (#19)

Corn Song (#20)

Changing Woman East (#21)

Changing Woman Puberty Ceremony Song (#22-23)

Changing Woman is Dressed (#24)

Changing Woman Praised (#25)

First Menstruation (#26)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 4
1932 Box 4
Request Item

"Finished Feb. 22 [1932]"  Contents:

Pray for birth (#27)

Impregnation (#28)

Birth (#29)

Afterbirth (#30)

Cutting of cord (#31)

Washing of babies (#32)

The babies eat (#33)

[songs 34 - 50: Visit to the Sun]

Boys are to leave home (#34)

Their visit to their Father, the Sun (#35-38)

The boys go over the sacred mountains (#39)

Other obstacles (#40)

Through the darknesses (#41)

They great the darknesses (#42)

Greeting the dawn (#43) [continued in Vol. V]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 5
1930 Box 4
Request Item

Contents:

Greeting the dawn (#43) [continued from Vol. IV]

Pass through old age demons (#44-47)

Spider song (#48)

Caterpillar song (#49)

Cross the ocean (#50)

[songs 51-63: Tests and acceptance at Sun's house]

Arrival at Sun's house (#51)

Tests by the Sun (#52-53)

Tobacco Song (#54)

Sun clothes them (#55)

Sun feeds them (#56)

Sun talks with them (#57)

They work together (#58)

Kills the Talking Giant (#59-63)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 6
March 5, 1932 Box 4
Request Item

Contents:

[Boy's adventures]

Wind song (#64)

Ssongs 65-82 [no titles]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 7
1930 Box 4
Request Item

Contents:

Election of First Chief (#83-90)

Creation of men as things of our present earth (#91-99)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 8
1930 Box 5
Request Item

Contents:

Earth song (#100-101)

Mountain song (#102-103)

Dawn songs (#104)

Changing Woman's journey to Santa Cruz (#105-106)

Bear song (#107-112)

Hogan song (#113)

Gods come to hogan to welcome children (#114)

Children arrive at hogan (#115-116) [continued in Vol. IX]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 9
1930 Box 5
Request Item

Contents:

Children arrive at hogan (#117-118)

Changing Woman's prayer stick (#119-120)

He who comes with dawn = Talking God's song (#121-122)

Corn Pollen Boy's song (#123-124)

Talking God's song (#125-132) [continued in Vol. X]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 10
1930 Box 5
Request Item

Contents:

Talking God's song (#133-135)

Sun Song (#136)

Food Song (#137)

Tobacco Song (#138-139)

Song of Mountain's Little Ones (#140-143)

Children's song (#144-152) [continued in Vol. XI]

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo songs, Notebook 11
1930 Box 5
Request Item

Contents:

Children's song (#152-153)

[one of the principal gods] (#154-158)

Rainbow song (#159)

Changing Woman's song (#160)

Children answer questions of Changing Woman (#161)

Blue Horse Song (#162)

Corn Song (#163-164)

Corn Bug Boy song (#165)

Dawn song (#166-169)

4570. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Navajo Texts with translations
November 21, December 12, 1956 32p. Box 5:
Box 1
Request Item

Two untitled texts. Handwritten looseleaf pages, in phonemic transcription with interlinear English glosses, taken from a recording [not included in collection?].

(1) Informant: Ralph Roanhorse. Nov. 21, 1956. Begins: "When I was still a small child..." (17 pp.)

(2) Informant: Ralph Roanhorse. Dec. 12, 1956. Begins: "This coyote, the bolting one..." (15 pp.)

4704. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
San Carlos texts
n.d. 325p. Box 5:
Box 1
Request Item

Note inside reads "San Carlos or Chiricahua?" Texts in phonemic transcription: (a) with handwritten corrections, (b) in corrected copy, with carbon copy of same [no English glosses or translations]; each section numbered separately.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
San Carlos texts
n.d. Box 5:
Folder 1
Request Item

Contents:

Coyote and Fox (6 pp)

The Apache and the Mountain Lions (7 pp)

The Deer Hunters (7 pp)

A Misadventure with a Horse (4 pp)

An Adventure with a Bull (10 pp)

The Apache Sweethearts (6 pp)

The Boy and His Sweetheart (4 pp)

Migrations of an Apache Clan (3 pp)

An Apache Raid on the Pima (7 pp)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
San Carlos texts
n.d. Box 5:
Folder 2
Request Item

Contents:

First Contacts with the Whites (14 pp)

A Pima Raid on the Apache (10 pp)

Old Time Food and Clothing (9 pp)

An Apache's Advice to His Children (7 pp)

Apache Courtship (13 pp)

First Experiences with American Food (14 pp)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
San Carlos texts
  Box 5:
Folder 3
Request Item

Contents:

The Story of Killer of Enemies (pp. 1-89)

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
San Carlos texts
n.d. Box 5:
Folder 4
Request Item

Contents:

The Story of Killer of Enemies (pp. 1-57 and carbon copy)

4705. Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Sarsi slip file
n.d. [all verbal data] othertype Slipfile 2
Request Item

3x5 typed index cards illustrating postpositions; 5x7 handwritten slips with examples of verbal data, including negation, progressives, iteratives, etc. Acc. to Kendall, these were taken from Sapir's notebooks.

Series III. Works Collected by Hoijer
  Box 6
Request Series
4429. Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Goddard's Jicarilla Texts, rewritten
n.d. 1 notebook Box 6
Request Item

One notebook, labeled "Goddard's re-written 1-40. Jicarilla". Inside front cover reads: "Jicarilla Texts. Goddard's #22 pp. 1-27; #80 cont. 28--." Text is contained on numbered pages 1-40 (notebook was first numbered pp. 661-720). Recorded by Pliny Earle Goddard.

4427. Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Fieldnotes
n.d. 5 notebooks Box 6
Request Item

"Jicarilla Texts, tr. Berard Haile, O.F.M.", numbered consecutively, pp. 1-292. Jicarilla texts in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses on right-hand pages. Left-hand pages contain notes on the text. Some are untitled. No indication of place, date, or informant. [Handwritten note says these are not the same texts as in Kendall 4426].

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla texts: Notebook 1. The Dwelling Place of the People under the Earth (pp. 17-60)
  pp.1-60 Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla texts: Notebook 2
n.d. pp.61-120 Box 6
Request Item

Contents:

Monster Fish (pp. 70-110)

Owl Monster (pp. 111-114)

Snapping Rock (pp. 115-116)

Big Toad Monster (p. 117)

The Two Running Rocks (pp. 118-120)

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla texts: Notebook 3 [no sub titles provided]
n.d. pp.121-180 Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla texts: Notebook 4 [The Monster Toad (pp. 193-240)]
  pp.181-240 Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla texts: Notebook 5 [Masked Dance (pp. 242-292)]
  pp.241-292 Box 6
Request Item
4428. Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts in Translation
n.d. 3 notebooks Box 6
Request Item

Translations of Jicarilla texts and detailed additional notes on the matter of the texts, with references throughout to "H.V." and "J.J.V.". The three notebooks are numbered consecutively, pp. 17-242. The pages (now loose) were written on one side only. According to Kendall, the numbers on each notebook correspond to notebooks of Jicarilla texts [see Box 2]. No indication of place, date, or informant. Only the first title is supplied.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Notebook 1
n.d. pp. 17-78 Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Notebook 2
n.d. pp. 78-166 Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Notebook 3
n.d. pp. 116-242 Box 6
Request Item
4426. Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts
n.d. ca.304p. Box 6
Request Item

Typed ms, containing Jicarilla texts in phonemic transcription, with an interlinear English gloss. Typed footnotes add primarily linguistic commentary. Handwritten corrections to both Jicarilla and English. Handwritten English translations on separately numbered pages. No indication of place, date, or informant. Approximately 250 pp of typed text and 54 pp of handwritten translations. Much of the manuscript is written on the back of typed pages.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Emergence from the Underworld
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 1-36.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Emergence from the Underworld (translation)
  15p. Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Destruction of the Monsters
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 37-92.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Destruction of the Monsters (translation)
  6p. Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Killing of the Fat-Headed Monsters
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 93-105.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The Killing of the Fat-Headed Monsters (translation)
  6p. Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The há.ct'cin Create Man
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 160a-121.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: The há.ct'cin Create Man (translation)
  6p. Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: Killer of Enemies and the Eagles
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 121a-145.

Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: Killer of Enemies and the Eagles (translation)
  9p. Box 6
Request Item
Haile, Berard, 1874-1961.
Jicarilla Texts: Killer of Enemies and the WaterMonster
  Box 6
Request Item

Text, pp. 145a-243.

4706. Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969.
Sarsi text and notes
1937? 1 notebook Box 7
Request Item

Transcribed words and phrases, in the fashion of a compiled lexicon (pp. 1-27). "Story of Thunder and Crow, dictated by John Whitney"--text with interlinear English gloss (pp. 28-29). Parsed verbs: 'I am sitting on it, you are???, he is???', etc. (pp. 29-31)

4703. Mandelbaum, David.
San Carlos Apache Texts
August 1933 25p. Box 7
Request Item

Handwritten pages in phonemic transcription, with interlinear English glosses. P. 1 reads: "Texts--San Carlos Apache. Informant--Lewis Russell. Taken August 1933. D. G. Mandelbaum."

Contents:

Holy Ground Prayer

Silas John Symbols

Daily Prayer

Profession of Faith

To Learn Apache

Prayers and Symbols

Silas John's Revelation

The Apache Kid

4572. Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
1937-1938 5 folders Box 7
Request Item

Cover sheet reads "Navajo Texts recorded by Chick [sic] Sandoval". Handwritten pages of Navajo texts in phonemic transcription, with interlinear glosses in English, followed by English translations. Annotated with dates, indicating date received [in hand of E. Sapir?]. Approx. 200 pp. [see also, correspondence, Kendall 4572]

Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
April-June 1937 Folder 1
Request Item

Contents:

Letter from H. J. Ostrander to Univ. of Chicago, Apr. 10, 1939

Letter from H. J. Ostrander to E. G. Conklin, Apr. 10, 1939

Letter from Frederick Woodward to H. J. Ostrander, Apr. 14, 1939

Letter from Chic Sandoval to Harry Hoijer, Apr. 21, 1939

Letter of April 20, 1937, A. G. Sandoval [written on both sides of page] (3 pp.). Includes children's story of Tur key and giant

Yellow Fox (pp. 1-16 and 17-25) [June 3, 1937]

Coyote and Skunk (pp.26-34 and 35-39) [June 29, 1937]

Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
October 18, 1937 Folder 2
Request Item

Contents:

Coyote and Cotton-Tailed Rabbit (pp. 40-44 and 45-47)

Coyote and Deer (pp. 48-53; no English translation)

Coyote and Gray Lizard (pp. 54-56; no transcription)

Coyote and Porcupine (pp. 57-66 and 67-73)

Cripples Their Sayings [sic] (pp. 74-76 and 77-79)

Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
January 8, 1938 Folder 3
Request Item

Contents:

pp. 80-104 contain phonemic transcriptions with English glosses

Coyote and the Beaver People (pp. 80-82)

Coyote and Porcupine (pp. 83-84)

Coyote and Swallows (pp. 85-87)

Coyote and Horned Toad (pp. 87-92)

Coyote and Prairie Dog (pp. 93-94)

Coyote and Badger (pp. 95-97)

Coyote and Wild Cat (pp. 98-104)

English translations (pp. 105-119)

Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
March 5, 1938 Folder 4
Request Item

Contents:

Maiden Who Turned into Bear (pp. 120-148, phonemic transcription with English gloss; pp. 149-164, English translation)

Sandoval, Chic.
Navajo texts
June 1, 1938 Folder 5
Request Item

Contents:

Concerning One Who Was Reared by Old Man Owl and Old Lady Owl (pp. 165-181, phonemic transcription with English gloss; pp. 182-191, English translation)

Admonition ("Get up! Get up!") and separately numbered (5 pages of transcription, 5 pages of translation)

4569. Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Navajo conversations
n.d. Box 7
Request Item

Two conversations, handwritten on 3x5 slips, 7 slips total. No indications of date, place, or informant. According to Kendall, conversations and English translations, in Sapir's hand, with additions by Hoijer.

4708. Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 10 folders Box 7
Request Item

Folder 1-4 contain typed mss of Sarci tales in phonemic transcription, one or more copies of the typescript, with English glosses written in Sapir's hand. Folders #5-10 contain only the typed transcription, no English glosses; tales are not always numbered.

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 1
Request Item

Includes handwritten table of contents (1 page). Inserted note reads: "original typed texts and trans[lations] sent to [Victor] Golla, Nov. 15, 1966". How Spotted-Eagle and Crow-Flag Brought Home the Medicine-Pipe (pp. 8, 7) no. 1.

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 2
Request Item

Contents:

The Origin of the Beaver Bundle (pp. 2, 2) no. 2

The Origin of the Ghost Dance (pp. 7, 6) no. 4

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 3
Request Item

Contents:

How the Sarcee Were Split Up (pp. 1, 1) no. 3

Buffalo Lake (pp. 1, 1)

The Girl Who Married a Star (pp. 5, 4)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 4
Request Item

Contents:

The Man Who Chopped a Log into the River with His Brother (pp. 4, 8)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 5
Request Item

Contents:

The Origin of the Dipper (5pp.)

Raised-by-his-grandmother (8pp.)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 6
Request Item

Contents:

How He Starved His Father-in-law (5pp.)

The Woman Who Married a Dog (3pp.)

Lodge-boy and Thrown-away (7pp.)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 7
Request Item

Contents:

Thunder Bird and Crow (1p.) no. 13

Old Man (in three parts; 13 pp total) no. 14

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 8
Request Item

Contents:

The Wicked Medicine Man (4pp.)

How the Pipe Bundle Was Transferred to Chief Big-Belly (2pp.)

The Time the Sarcees Killed Some Gros Ventre (3pp.)

Young Bull and Lizard (3pp.)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 9
Request Item

Contents:

The Man That Was Sacrificed (5pp.)

The Girl Who Refused to Live (2pp.)

Piegan-boy Is Shot (3pp.)

Chef Bull-Head Kills His Son by Mistake (3pp.)

Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
Tales of the Sarcee Indians
1966 Folder 10
Request Item

Contents:

Little-Chief Is Killed by the Cree (2pp.)

The Battle at Cut-Knife Creek (2pp.)

Beaver-Collar Steps into the Enemy's Tent (2pp.)

Little-Bear's Vision (2pp.)

4575. Sapir, Edward and Harry Hoijer.
Navajo grammatical notes
Late 1920s ca. 90 5x7 handwritten slips Box 7
Request Item

Inserted note reads "both Sapir and Hoijer, prob. from the late 1920s, when Hoijer was a graduate student (DLK)". Acc. to Kendall, notes on various aspects of Navajo grammar and phonetics, some comparison with other Athapascan languages, some reconstruction of Proto-A. II.

Series IV. Audio Recordings
  Box 1
Request Series

Loucheux words and brief phrases given in response to English.

Hoijer, Harry, 1904-1976.
Loucheux (Kuchin) recordings
July 29-30, 1964 4 reels Box 1
Rec. 149
Request Item