The APS is one of the foremost centers for the study of eugenics, with records of organizations such as the American Eugenics Society and the Eugenics Record Office and papers of noted eugenicists such as Charles B. Davenport. These collections include numerous photographs of eugenics exhibitions, winners of Fitter Families contests, examples of folks considered less fit according to eugenics standards, and eugenics researchers such as Davenport, Harry H. Laughlin, and others. The eugenics images may be viewed in their entirety or by the collection from which they are drawn.
- American Eugenics Society material collected by Leon F. Whitney (Mss. 575.06 Am3w)
- Mss. 575.06 Am3)
- Mss. B D27)
- Curt Stern Papers (Mss. Ms. Coll. 5)