A Guide to the Genetics Collections at the APS
L. C. Dunn Papers
b. Nov. 2, 1893, Buffalo, N.Y. d. March 19, 1974. Married Louise Porter, May 2, 1918. Two sons, Robert Leslie D., b. 1921; Stephen Porter D., b. 1928.
Dartmouth C., B.S. (Phi Beta Kappa), 1915. Harvard U., M.S., 1917; Sc.D., 1920; asst. in zoology, 1915-17, 1919. First Lt., U.S. Army, 1917-19. Geneticist, Storrs Expt. Sta., Conn., 1920-28. Professor zoology, Columbia U., 1928-62; emer. prof and res. assoc., Nevis Biol. Sta., 1962-74. Director, Inst. for Study of Human Variation, Columbia U., 1952-58. Exec. officer, Dept. Zool., Columbia U., 1940-46. Visit. invest., Genetics Inst., U. Oslo, 1934-35; visit. lecturer biol., Harvard U., 1949-50; visit, invest., Ist. Super. di Sanità, Rome, 1952-53; res. assoc., Galton Lab., Univ. Cell., London, 1960-61.
Anon., Nature 250:451-52 (1974). Th. Dobzhansky, Ybk. Amer. Philos. Soc. 1974:150-56. Th. Dobzhansky, Biog. Mem. Natl. Acad. Sci. 49:79-104 (1978). G.E. Allen, Folia Mendeliana 10:253-57 (1975). D. Bennett, Ann. Rev. Genetics 11:1-12 (1978). B. Glass, Dict. Scient. Biog+., suppl. (in press). McGraw-Hill Modern Men of Science 2: 1 33-34; McGraw-Hill Mod. Scientists & Engineers, 1980. Amer. Men and Women of Science 12:1564. Natl. Cyclop. Amer. Biog. J: 506-07. World Who's Who in Science 1968:494. Who Was Who in America VI. Scienziati e Technologi contemp. 330-31.
See Dobzhansky, Biog. Mem. Natl. Acad. Sci (1978).
Principles of Genetics (with E.W. Sinnott), 1925, 1932, 1939; (with E.W. Sinnott and Th. Dobzhansky), 1951, 1958. Heredity and Variation, 1932. Heredity, Race, and Society (with Th. Dobzhansky), 1946; 4th ed., 1972). For UNESCO, Race and Biology, 1951; rev., 1961. Heredity and Evolution in Human Populations, 1958. A Short History of Genetics, 1965.
Managing ed., Genetics, 1936-39. Ed., Columbia Biol. Series, 1936-60. Ed., American Naturalist, 1951-60. Ed., Genetics in the Twentieth Century, 1951.
Genetics Soc. Amer., pres., 1932. Amer. Soc. Naturalists, v. pres., 1942; pres., 1960. Amer. Soc. Human Genetics, pres., 1961.
D.Sc., Dartmouth C., 1952. Member, Natl. Acad. Sci., 1943; Amer. Philos. Soc., 1943; Amer. Acad. Arts & Sci., 1950. Foreign memb., Norwegian Acad.; Accad. Pataviana.
Paul David, Donald R. Charles, Arthur G. Steinberg, Dorothea Bennett, leanne Coyne (Mossige), P.K. Anderson, A.B. Beasley, I. Suckling, Paul Chesley, Vernon Bryson, W.C. Morgan, Jr., L. Levine, Katherine Brehme (Warren).
POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES.
Salome Gluecksobn-Schoenheimer (Waelsch); Walter Landauer; Ruggiero Ceppelini.
The Dunn Papers
See David Bearman, Mendel Newsletter, 12:1-5 (1976). 25 boxes, ca. 8000 items: correspondence, research notes, lecture notes, oral history transcript, manuscripts, photographs, etc. Unrestricted. Table of contents, 58 pp.
Dunn's investigations as a graduate student at Harvard were carried out under the guidance of W. E. Castle. Beginning with some work on Drosophila, Dunn soon shifted to studies of linkage between various genes in mice and rats. His first major period of scientific work, during the eight years he spent at Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, focused on poultry genetics, especially of chickens. He investigated the relation between egg weight and hatchability and the susceptibility of egg size to selection, and explored the loss of vigor resulting from inbreeding and its restoration by outcrosses between different breeds. Much of this work was done in collaboration with Walter Landauer. Also while at Storrs, Dunn collaborated with E.W. Sinnott in writing the textbook Principles of Genetics. It long remained in extensive use in introductory college courses in genetics.
At Columbia University, 1928-62, Dunn resumed research on the developmental genetics of mice, with occasional work on Drosophila. He collaborated extensively in the mouse experiments with graduate students and research associates, especially Salome Gluecksohn-Schoenheimer and Dorothea Bennett. He also became increasingly involved in studies of human genetics: race mixture in Hawaii, and the genetic composition of the Jewish community in Rome (with collaboration by Stephen Dunn). These interests led to the establishment by Dunn of an Institute for the Study of Human Variation (1952-58) at Columbia University, to which he brought such colleagues as Ruggiero Ceppellini. Probably the work of Dunn and his collaborators on the extraordinary genetic variability at the T locus in mice, mutants of which produce short-tailed and tailless phenotypes and lethal effects and which are widespread in wild mouse populations in spite of their deleterious effects, will stand as Dunn's greatest achievement in genetic research.
Dunn possessed a strong social conscience and broad humanitarian views. The rise of Nazi race policies and anti-Semitism in the 1930s greatly distressed him. He labored to render aid to scientist refugees arriving in America. During World War II his social sympathies led him to participate in more than one American-Soviet organization, and this activity brought upon him, in the 1950s, some political persecution. Dunn strongly defended academic freedom and scientific integrity and was a leader upon whom many younger scientists looked with reverence.
By numerous suggestions, Dunn assisted Milislav Demerec in organizing the highly influential Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on genetics and evolution during the 1940s and 1950s. Dunn was renowned as an editor and popular expositor of heredity, and he wrote or edited not only the books of that type listed above, but also many articles in encyclopedias and other compendia. His strong interest in the history of genetics, which bore fruit in his last book, led him also to initiate the formation of the rich archive of geneticists' correspondence and documentary materials at the Library of the American Philosophical Society.
This L.C. Dunn collection, with its correspondence, reports, notebooks, lectures, photographs, and other memorabilia, documents the development of American genetics, as well as Dunn's own varied interests. There is significant material relating to (1) American-Soviet contacts and the impact of Lysenkoism; (2) the activities of the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars; (3) the Kilgore and Magnusson bills in Congress for the support of science, which were precursors to the establishment of the National Science Foundation; (4) the National Research Council's Committee on Experimental Animals and Plants; (5) research on the genetic composition of the Jewish enclave in Rome; and (6) administrative affairs at Columbia University, especially those of the Zoology Department. There is much correspondence concerning Drosophila genetics, poultry genetics, and other genetical topics, especially with Walter Landauer (ca. 3 boxes).
View the key to abbreviations
|Amer. Com. for Displaced German Scholars||180: 1933-36||DGS (Braun, Caspari, Goldschmidt, Grüneberg, Stern, et al.)|
|Amer. Philos. Soc.-Library||8 fold.:1961-72||HE (Shull, Davenport, preserv. hist. materials, G, recommend. genetic books)., C (Libr.)|
|----, seminars 1, 2||HB (genetics), BIB|
|Amer.-Soviet Friendship Council||2 fold.:1944-48||SO, C|
|Amer,-Soviet Science Sec.||3 fold.:1945-47||SO, bulletin|
|Atomic Energy Commission||18 fold.:1960-72||RS, BS, MG, PG, HS (Inst. Human Variation), TR, CU, BIB|
|Blood Groups, Jews, Rome||4 fold.:1954||HG, PG|
|Bonnevie, Kristine||36:1930-38||EM, PG, T (lectures), WWII, PI, BIB, PB|
|Brecher, Lenore||29:1930-38||RS, ED, BC, PY|
|Bridges, C.B.||40: 1932-40||DG, CSH, CYG, GS (Philip B.), PB|
|British scientists||26:1940||WWII, PI|
|Carrel, Alexis||95:1923-36||PLG, CCT, BC, ED, RC (Ephrussi, Schweitzer)|
|Caspari, Ernst||57: 1938-44||G (Ephestia), MG, RS, PB, RC (Caspari)|
|Castle, W.E.||97: 1924-61||MG, RTG, RG, PLG, ED (Castle), AF, NAS, RC, APS, HC, BIB|
|Charles, D.R.||22:1930-55||MG, ED, ED, RC|
|Charleston, S.C., studies||9 fold.:||HG, PG (Negroes, blood groups, thalassemia, sickle cells, records)|
|Columbia U.||13 fold.:1929-45||WWII, C, ED, FS, PI, G, RS, MG, PG|
|Conn. Agric. Exp. Sta||21:1928-33||RS, NAS, G (sheep)|
|Dahlberg, Gunnar||56: 1946-57||PG, HG, ED, RC (Böök)|
|Danforth, C.H.||45:1928-52||MG, CU, Fisher|
|David, Paul||28:1930-46||GS, RS, PG, HG, BD|
|Demerec, Milislav||25:1936-51||PB, CS, PI, EDIT (Advances in Genetics)|
|Dobzhansky, Th.||353:1936-51||DG, PG, HG, AN, EV, PRS, IV, CSH, SO, PB, ED, TR, CU, T, RS, RC|
|Dunn, L.C.||8 fold.||MSS, UPB, HG, PG, EU, ED, CU, T, CG|
|----, Jewish community, Rome||99: undated ca. 1952-54||HG, PG, IM, GS (Pollitzer, R. Auerbach), RS, CS, MSS research data|
|----, lectures||2 fold.:1950, 59||MS, UPB, L, HE, EV|
|----, Oral Hist.||2 fold.:1958-60||BD, MG, HU (Castle, East, Wright), PLG, TR, CU, PI, Storrs, GS, hand. corr.|
|----, photo||9 fold.:age 1-67||BD|
|----, MSS||22 fold.:1915-60||UPB, L, BD, CU, PI, FL, HG, EI, T, MG, PRS|
|Edwards, M.L. (sec.)||140: 1953-54||TR (Italy), UPB, HG, PG|
|Ephrussi, Boris||25:1932-41||PG, RS, BD, WWII, ED|
|Fackenthal, F.D.||33:1940-49||CU, RC, C (displaced scholars), PI|
|Fisher, R. A.||32:1928-57||MG, HG, PB, Wright, Ford|
|Genetics||52 fold.:1935-41||EDIT, RF, PB, BS|
|Genetics Soc. Amer.||97+: 1928-34||SO, C, BD (nomin.), BS, CS|
|Gerould, J.H.||14: 1919-55||GS (Dunn), ED, T, RC|
|Goldschmidt, Richard||80:1928-50||PI, DGS, PRS, EV, G, DG, HE, SR, MG, photos|
|Grüneberg, Hans||79:1937-55||DGS, RS, MG|
|Huxley, Julian||36: 1930-61||DG, PLG, G (Gammarus), PB, CS, SO|
|Iltis, Hugo||215:1938-56||DGS, ED (Mendel, Iltis), HE, Mendel Museum|
|Ivanyi, Pavol||64: 1967-70||MG, IG, PG, CS, MSS|
|Jollos, Viktor||35: 1967-70||DGS, PRG|
|J. Heredity||47:1928-33||PB, RG, RV|
|Kilgore Bill||78+: 1943-50||NSF, PI|
|Landauer, Walter||1,080:1926-74||PLG, MG, PG, IG, EM, ED (Landauer), FL, PI, MSS, PS, HE, BC, DGS, SR, C, EI, Storrs, P. David|
|Landsteiner, Karl||53:1924-32||PLG, IG|
|Lewontin, RC.||28:1959-73||PG, MG, PB, PI, CU, NAS|
|Lippincott, W.A.||71:1921-27||PG, BIB, genetic nomencla.|
|Little, C.C.||30:1928-41||MG, PB, RS, Jackson Lab.|
|Lyndenburg, H.M.||25:1938-41||DGS, SR, PI|
|Lysenko Controversy, U.S.A.||61:1945-49||PI, PRS, PB, UPB|
|McGraw-Hill Book Co.||92: 1931-69||PB, BS, EDIT|
|Mohr, O.L.||76:1929-67||DG, HE, TR, PI, WWII, ED, PRS, CS, RC, EDIT, UPB, BIB, + 23 Mohr reprints|
|Morgan, T.H.||21:1918-45||RC (Belar), SO, ED (Mohr), obit. T.H.M.|
|Muller, H.J.||61:1928-67||DG, HG (race), PRS, SO, RS, PB, PI, RC (Gershenson)|
|Natl. Acad. Sci.||48:1943-72||NAS, CG, SO, PB, ED, PI|
|Natl. Res. Counc., Com. on Exper. Animals & Plants||175:1928-32||NRC, C, G, RS|
|New Amer. Libr.||4 fold. +:1957-71||PB, BS|
|Refugees||5 fold.:1929-42||SR, DGS, PI, EU (Germany)|
|Rizki, T.M.||38:1948-70||GS, RS, PB, DG, BD|
|Rome, Jewish Ghetto families||3 fold.||HG, PC (blood groups)|
|Science in USSR||91 :1944-52||PRS (Lysenkoism), PB, PI|
|Seventh Intnatl. Genetics Congr.||66:1935-39||ICG 7, PI, PRS|
|Snell, G.D.||34:1939-72||MG (nomenclature), RC, ED (Snell)|
|UNESCO||78:1950-52||HG, EV (race), CS, PB|
|Univ. Fed. Intellectual Freedom||3 fold.:1937-39||SO, PI, C, EU|
|USSR geneticists||104: 1928-46||G, DG, PLG, TR, PB, PI, CU, PRS, RR, ED (W. B. Cannon)|
|Whiting, P.W.||28:1920-40||PLG, MG, G (Habrobracon), RS, CS, SO|
|Wright, Sewall||30:1920-64||G, PLG, MG, Hf3, PB, SO, ~GS, NAS, RV, RC (Charles, Muller, Jollos)|
|Yanagisawa, K.||4 fold.:1962-73||MG, PB, MSS|