|Spirit of Bien Boa, "Indian Brahmin,"|
materialized by the medium, Marthe Béraud,
(exposed as a fraud, 1906)
Label on verso: Annals of Psychic Science
Eugène Rochas Papers, APS
A focused investigation fueled by this cynicism exposed Mumler as a fraud two years later when his "spirits" were recognized as living Bostonians. Even though he was denounced in Boston as a fraud he believed that, "the innumerable hosts of living, intelligent beings who had passed to a higher life were with me, to sustain and assist in fighting the ignorance, bigotry and blindness of the human race in this their earthly condition." Unable to work in Boston again, Mumler moved to New York to reestablished his spirit photography business but there he was quickly arrested and charged with public fraud, larceny, and obtaining money under false pretenses.