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Abstract

The physicist, Emanuel Ruben Piore, emigrated from Vilnius, Lithuania, in 1917 at the age of 9. "Mannie," as he was known, became a naturalized citizen in 1924, and obtained both his BA and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Wisconsin. After gaining nearly ten years experience as a research physicist, first at the Radio Corporation of American then CBS laboratories, he went to work for the Navy, eventually becoming the first civilian to head the Office of Naval Research and playing a major role in the transition of American science from war to peace. Throughout his career, Piore strove to promote research through a close relationship between government, industry, and universities. IBM realized the importance of developing a strong research department and Piore's key role in this endeavor and offered him the position as their first Director of Research. At IBM he continued to encourage research by establishing the IBM Fellow program rewarded to top researchers. Piore held increasingly responsible positions at IBM becoming a vice president, group executive and finally Chief Scientist. He served as a member of IBM's advisory board well after he retired.

The Piore papers contain material relating to his latter years at IBM as Vice President and Chief Scientist, as well as some of his time spent on the Board of Directors. In addition, there are materials, though sparse, concerning his work with the Navy. An extensive series of speeches and lectures illustrates Piore's commitment to scientific research and national policy. In addition to his professional correspondence, the papers contain material pertaining to Piore's involvement in professional organizations such as the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Science, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research and the American Philosophical Society. A number of professional and personal photographs are also found within the papers.

Background note

Emanuel Ruben Piore was born in Vilnius, Lithuania, on 19 July 1908 to Ruben and Olga Piore. Piore's early education was provided by a personal tutor, though he later attended school. When the Germans occupied of Vilnius during the First World War, Emanuel and his mother were granted permission to leave. Piore later speculated that his mother had two reasons for leaving: first, to distance herself from Piore's father, whom she felt was a "bad influence," and second, to distance herself from her mother for whom she, as the eldest daughter, was expected to care.

In the fall of 1916, Piore and his mother stopped briefly in Berlin and then proceeded to Rotterdam, Holland, where they embarked on the S.S. Rotterdam for America. The trip was only underway two days when the Germans forced the ship to return to port, and for six months the Piore's were housed in dorms provided by the Holland-American Line. Piore had fond memories of his time there writing that he, "had no worries and enjoyed living on the edge of a business port." In May 1917, he and his mother once again boarded the Rotterdam, and after a perilous crossing, landed on New York's Ellis Island.

Almost as soon as he arrived, Piore was enrolled in a New York City public school, assigned to the first grade due to his inability to speak English. Apparently undaunted, it was not long before he caught up to his peers and surpassed them, winning a scholarship to the Ethical Culture School at age 13. It was here that he first became intrigued with science after reading as book by Arthur S. Eddington. He did so well at Ethical that he skipped a year and enrolled at the University of Wisconsin.

When asked how he became a physicist Piore stated simply, "physics had fewer degree requirements then math," though he was quick to reiterate the important impact that Eddington's book had on his decision. He earned both his his BA (1930) and doctorate in physics (1935) at Wisconsin, after which he found employment in the electrical research laboratory of the Radio Corporation of America.

Much of his work at RCA centered on the development of television, e.g. finding surfaces for multipliers for radio tubes and working out how to use phosphorous for television tubes. In 1938, after three years at RCA, Piore was hired as engineer in charge in the TV laboratory at CBS run by Peter Goldmark, inventor of the 33-rpm record, and worked on the early development of color television.

The onset of the Second World War brought radical changes to the relationship between university research and the federal government. Laboratories which had previously beem manned by civil servants were now manned and managed by universities, and as a vocal advocate for fostering this relationship, Piore received a call from the Navy Department. Arriving in Washington in the spring of 1942, Piore was assigned to the Naval Research Laboratory and given charge of getting new devices to the fleets. His administrative skills led to a rapid rise through ranks, eventually resulting in his appointment as the first civilian to head the Office of Naval Research. The navy recognized his achievements by honoring him with its highest civilian medal, the Distinguished Civilian Award.

With the conclusion of the war, Piore, like many scientists, hoped that the monetary relationship that had been established between the Federal Government and primary research would continue, and as Chief Scientist of ONR, Piore was in a prime position to see that it happened. He left ONR in 1955 to pursue research in industry, and after a brief stay at AVCO, an airplane engine company, where he was responsible for key defense contracts, he was offered the position of director of research at IBM.

Piore's appointment was the first time in the history of IBM that the company went outside to find someone to head a department. In the post-war years, IBM recognized the need to bolster its research in order to make the transition from war to peace. Under Piore, the corporation moved away from a strict emphasis upon product development toward support for basic research on product technologies and promising areas of technology. The scientists under Piore's direction were given unusual latitude to pursue basic research, making IBM an attractive place of employment, and giving IBM the ability to hire newly issued Ph.Ds in extraordinary numbers. Piore also pioneered the technique of attracting university scientists into the ranks by encouraging universities to invite IBM scientists as visiting professors or lecturers. Moreover, he created the IBM Fellowship program that allowed top researchers to engage in their personal interests for a given period of time. Piore's goal was to keep the lines of communications between industry and academia open.

Piore's foresight helped establish IBM as a technological leader in several additional ways, most notably by moving IBM away from the use of vacuum tubes, which required a great deal of power, to transistors and later semiconductors in computers. Other innovative projects did not pan out quite as well: the attempt to create a computer centered on cryotrons (a kind of super conducting wire) floundered due to technical difficulties, as did another to use microwaves instead of electrical current as the basis for a computer.

Promoted to vice president in 1960, Piore became a director in 1962, a group executive in 1963, and finally Chief Scientist in 1965. He was also a member of the board of directors and a member of the advisory committee to the board, a position he held after he officially retired from IBM in 1971. Piore contributed in many other areas of science and industry. He was a member of the National Science Board, the President's Science Advisory Committee and the Naval Research Advisory Committee. Other memberships included the New York State Science and Technology Foundation and the board of Science research Associates, inc. He was a trustee and member of the Executive Committee of the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, chairman of the Committee on Scientific Policy of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, a trustee of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Hall of Science of the City of New York, and a member of the Board of Directors of Resources for the Future. He was elected for membership to various academic and scientific societies including the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the American Philosophical Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Aside from his professional achievements, Piore was a devoted family man. As an undergraduate at the University of Wisconsin he met fellow student Nora Kahn, who later became a successful economist. The two were married on 26 August 1931, and had three children, Michael, Margot and Jane, all of whom went on to excel in some aspect of the field of science. After a long illness Piore died on 9 May 2000 at the age of 91.

Scope and content

The Emanuel Ruben Piore Papers contains approximately 22 linear feet of professional correspondence, an extensive series of lectures given by Piore to public and professional audiences, and a series of IBM material relating to his concluding years as Chief scientist and as an informal consultant after his retirement. These provide valuable insight into Piore's role in fostering the relationship between basic research and the Federal Government,however they contain little of substance relevant to Piore's early career at the Office of Naval Research or at IBM.

Piore often lectured and spoke publicly. The largest series in the collection contains copious lectures delivered by Piore between 1951 and 1982. Piore's favorite topic was the importance of federal support of university research in basic science and technology, believing that the future of any nation was bleak without making continual investments in basic science. Moreover, Piore spoke on the function of research in industry arguing that those within industry had a common mission to make industry more beneficial to society by using their skills in science, engineering, and technology to create new products. While at IBM, Piore also spoke often on the importance of computer technology and its role in society and the future of technology. These speeches are a valuable resource for study of the history of science, technology, and industry and the relationship between the Federal Government and scientific research in the post-WWII years.

Also included in this collection are materials relating to Piore's career at IBM. Although the collection does not include information from his early career there, it does contain wide-ranging information beginning in 1965, when he was promoted to Chief Scientist, to well after his retirement in 1986. More specifically, this series includes minutes of the IBM board of directors and correspondence relating to IBM's Science Advisory board, which Piore continued to stay involved with after his retirement from 1971-1981.

Finally, the Piore papers contain a small sampling of Piore's incoming and outgoing correspondence, both personal and professional, including correspondence relating to the National Science Foundation, National Science Board, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, National Academy of Sciences, President's Science Advisory Committee, and the Office of Naval Research to name a few. Piore's personal financial information including stock options and income tax returns is also represented in Series IV, and Series V contains a collection of miscellaneous personal and professional photographs.

Arrangement

Series I. Subject files 1930-198632 boxes; 16 linear feet
Series II. IBM 1956-19863 boxes; 1.5 linear feet
Series III. Speeches 1951-19825 boxes; 2.5 linear feet
Series IV. Financial Records 1955-19723 boxes; 1.5 linear feet
Series V. Photographs ca. 1918-19826 boxes; 1 linear foot

Collection information

Provenance

Gift of Emanuel Ruben Piore, 1993.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Emanuel Ruben Piore Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued by Leigh McCuen, April 2003.

Separated material

Two cassette tapes of an annual meeting of the National Research Council are stored with the Audiovisual Materials (Rec. 273).

Related material

Additional information on computing and IBM can be found in the Papers of Herman Goldstine (Ms. Coll. 19).

Bibliography

Piore, Emanuel, Science and Academic Life in Transition: Emanuel Piore (New Brunswick, N. J.: Transaction Publishers, Rutger-The State University, 1990). Call no.: 501 P65s.

There is also a biographical memoir in APS Proceedings 2001.

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
  • International Business Machines Corporation.
  • Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.).
  • National Academy of Sciences. (U.S.)
  • National Science Board (U.S.)
  • National Science Foundation, U.S.
  • New York Hall of Science
  • President's Science Advisory Committee
  • United States. Navy Dept
  • United States. Office of Naval Research.

Subject(s)

  • Computers--Technological innovations
  • Federal aid to research--United States
  • Physicists--United States
  • Physics
  • Research, Industrial
  • Research--Technological innovations
  • Research--United States
  • Science and state--United States
  • Science and technology
  • Technology and state--United States
Collection overview
1930-1986 32 boxes; 16 linear feet Box Series I: 1-32

Professional and personal correspondence of physicist, Emanuel Ruben Piore, pertaining to a large number of wide-randging interest, although limited in content, most notably his work with the National Academy of Science, the United States Office of Naval Research, and the New York Hall of Science.

1956-1986 3 boxes; 1.5 linear feet Box Series II: 1-3

Correspondence and subject files relating only to Piore's concluding years at IBM as a vice president, Chief Scientist, and as a member of the board in addition to his years as an unofficial IBM consultant after he retired.

1951-1982 5 boxes; 2.5 linear feet Box Series III: 1-5

An important series of Piore's speeches highlighting his dedication to federal funding of scientific and industrial research at the univeristy level.

1955-1972 3 boxes; 1.5 linear feet Box Series IV: 1-3

Financial records including Piore's tax returns and stock options.

ca. 1918-1982 6 boxes; 1 linear foot Box Series V: 1-6

Miscellaneous personal and professional photographs including family photographs, numerous studio and informal portraits of Piore, and informal and formal group photographs. A number of unidentifed photograph are also found in this series.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Subject files
1930-1986 32 boxes; 16 linear feet Box Series I: 1-32

Professional and personal correspondence of physicist, Emanuel Ruben Piore, pertaining to a large number of wide-randging interest, although limited in content, most notably his work with the National Academy of Science, the United States Office of Naval Research, and the New York Hall of Science.

Admirals Club
1970 3 items
Albert Einstein Peace Prize Foundation
1982 5 items
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
1965-1986 24 items.
Altshuler, Boris
1983 2 items
American Academy of Arts and Sciences -- Folder 1
1957-1963 39 items
American Academy of Arts and Sciences -- Folder 2
1964-1970 48 items
American Association for the Advancement of Science.
1955-1971 15 items
American Committee for the Weizman Institute of Science
1971 3 items
American Geophysical Union
1969-1971 7 items
American Institute of Physics
1961-1985 48 items

Other Descriptive Information: Group Photograph and identification included. Chemistry and Physics of Metals. Removed to series V.

American Jewish Committee
1969-1973 13 items
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
1976 December 16 2 items
American Museum of Natural History
1971 5 items
American Philosophical Society
  9 folders
Folder 1
1967-1969 27 items
Folder 2
1970-1972 25 items
Folder 3
1974-1980 5 items
Folder 4
1981 37 items
Folder 5
1983 40 items
Folder 6
1984 23 items
Folder 7
1985 27 items
Research grant applications, A-F
1988 20 items
Research grant applications, G-W
1988 20 items
American Physical Society
  3 folders
Folder 1
1952-1965 23 items
Folder 2
1968-1973 22 items
Folder 3
1974-1986 20 items

Other Descriptive Information: Group photograph included, Woods Hole, Annual Meeting, 1977. Removed to Series V.

Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc.
1961-1970 13 items
Bard College
1980 4 items
Bates, Charles C. (Charles Carpenter), 1918-
1982 4 items
Bigeleisen, Jacob, 1919-
1976-1978 3 items
Brademas, John
1980 October 20 1 item
Brandeis University
1978 2 items
Brewer, Garry D. -- Systems Analysis in the Urban Complex: Potential and Limitations
1974 1 item
Bromley, D. Allan (David Allan), 1926-
1985 2 items
Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
1954-1975 48 items

Other Descriptive Information: Included portrait photograph of Joan Davidson, Chairman of N.Y. State Council of the Arts. Original removed to Series V.

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975 -- Alfred Newton Richards, 1876-1966
1971 1 item
Brown University
1972-1975 4 items
Burbidge, Margaret
1985 April 3 1 item
Buchvertrieb Wockel and Co. KG
1979-1980 9 items

Regarding european addition of Who is Who.

Burhoe, Ralph Wendell, 1911-
1972 2 items
Business Executives for National Security Education Fund, inc.
1985 4 items
California Institute of Technology
1976-1979 6 items
Casimir, H. B. G. (Hendrik Brugt Gerhard), 1910- -- The Importance of "Useless" Research
1978 1 item
Center for History of Physics
  2 folders
Folder 1
1975 23 items
Folder 2
1976-1985 39 items
Charles Babbage Institute
1979-1983 4 items

Newsletters.

Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
  7 folders
Folder 1
1970 24 items
Folder 2
1971 13 items

Board of Directors Meeting minutes.

Folder 3
1971 35 items

Board of Directors Meeting minutes.

Folder 4
1972-1978 41 items

Includes Draper Laboratory bylaws.

Folder 5
1979-1982 44 items
Folder 6
1983-1984 26 items
Folder 7
1985-1986 25 items
Chem Systems, inc.
1970 2 items
City Club of New York
1969-1971 11 items
City University of New York. City College
1974-1985 11 items

Grant proposal to IBM.

Clementi, Enrico
1979 16 items
Code, Arthur D.
1979 3 items
Columbia University
  3 folders
Columbia University
1970-1985 13 items
Seminars
  2 folders
Folder 1
1977-1983 37 items
Folder 2
1984-1986 13 items
Committee of Concerned Scientists, inc.
1984-1985 17 items
Community College of the Air Force
1973-1976 11 items
Consolidated Edison Company of New York, inc.
1975 4 items
Concerned Citizens for the Arts
1970-1971 3 items
Conflict of interests forms
  2 folders
Folder 1
1962-1965 30 items
Folder 2
1966-1970 9 items
Conresco Corporation
1969-1970 20 items
Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.)
1950-1985 21 folders
Folder 1
1950 37 items
Folder 2
1951 77 items
Folder 3
1952 24 items
Folder 4
1953 83 items
Folder 5
1954 88 items
Folder 6
1955 38 items
Folder 7
1956 11 items
Folder 8
1959 11 items
Folder 9
1960 29 items
Folder 10
1961 90 items
Folder 11
1962 80 items
Folder 12
1963 26 items
Folder 13
1964 18 items
Folder 14
1965 32 items
Folder 15
1966 23 items
Folder 16
1967 28 items
Folder 17
1968 83 items
Folder 18
1969 10 items
Folder 19
1970-1971 13 items
Folder 20
1977-1979 11 items
Folder 21
1981-1985 34 items
Davis, Ruth M. -- TLS to Oettinger, Anthony G.
1974 March 18 1 item
DeCarlo, Charles R.
1982-1985 11 items
Department of Housing and Urban Development
1967 3 items
Dibner, Bern -- TLS to Poire, Emanual Ruben, 1908-2000
1976 November 30 1 item
Dicke, Robert W. -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1974 November 25 1 item
Dickerson, O. Bruce -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1985 October 3 1 item
Diebold Group, inc.
1985 2 items
Dionne, Michele
1980 November 11 1 item
Directors of Industrial Research
1955-1986 5 folders
Folder 1
1955-1963 50 items
Folder 2
1964-1968 25 items
Folder 3
1969-1971 3 items
Folder 4
1982-1983 5 items
Folder 5
1985-1986 2 items
Doud, Wallace -- TL Cy From Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1985 March 13 1 item
Dubridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-
1970-1984 6 items
Eagle, Hope
1973-1974 12 items

Regarding funding for the Emelin Theatre for the Performing Arts.

Eastern's Frequent Traveler -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Rubin, 1908-2000
1984 November 1 1 item
Ebert, James David, 1921-
1981 3 items
The Economist
1980 June 14 1 item
Edelstein, Julius C. C. -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1975 March 27 1 item
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955
1982 4 items
Eistein Centennial Symposium
1979 February 16 1 item
Eldredge, Arnold L.
1976 August 30 2 items
Endler, John A., 1947-
1980 5 items
Eta Kappa Nu
1969-1970 43 items
Ethical Culture Schools
1981-1984 27 items
Ethical Culture Society -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-200
1982 September 30 1 item
Evans, B. O.
1971-1985 3 items
The Explorers Club
1978 2 items

Membership proposal.

Faber, Patricia
1986 2 items
The Federal City College
1977 2 items
Federal Council for Science and Technology (U.S.)
1964-1970 5 items
Federation of American Scientists.
1970-1971 10 items
Fermilab
1975-1976 3 items
Fingermatrix, inc.
1983-1986 10 folders
Folder 1
1983 13 items
Folder 2
1984 21 items
Folder 3
1984 13 items
Folder 4
1984 23 items
Folder 5
1985 11 items
Folder 6
1985 21 items
Folder 7
1985 9 items
Folder 8
1986 8 items
Folder 9
1986 13 items
Business Plan -- Folder 10
1983 2 items
Fishman, Seymour
1981 October 2 1 item
Fisk, James Brown, 1910-1981
1981 3 items
FitzGerald, William
1979 3 items
Ford Foundation
1953-1973 36 items
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-
1974 1 item
Fortune
1977 1 items

Magazine article.

Foss, Murray F.
1980-1981 2 items
Fredman, Marrio
1982 May 16 1 item

Other Descriptive Information: Included family photograph. Original removed to Series V

Fiedman, Alan -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanual Ruben, 1908-2000
1985 January 14 1 item
Friedman, Richard D.
1978 2 item
Friendly, Alfred, 1938-
1977 3 items
Frito-Lay, inc.
1981-1983 9 items
Geiger, R. K.
n.d. 1 item
General Electric Company
1978-1983 6 items
General Technologies Corporation
1967 8 items
Gersh, Harry, 1912-
1974-1979 10 items
Getting, Ivan A. (Ivan Alexander), 1912-
1958-1974 3 items
Giesen, Richard A.
1980 4 items
Gilman, Sarah
n.d. 12 items

Piore's Granddaughter

Ginzberg, Eli, 1911-
1983-1986 4 items
Goethals, Thomas -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-
1983 December 28 1 item
Goldberg, Michael
1980-1981 4 items
Golden, William T., 1909-
1975-1984 28 items
Goldman, J. E.
1978 2 items
Goldmark, Peter C., 1906-1977.
1972-1985 5 items
Goldstine, Herman Heine, 1913-
1978-1985 20 items
Goldstine, Herman Heine, 1913-: Works in Progress -- TMs
n.d. 2 item
Goldwasser, Edwin L.
1978 2 items
Gould inc.
1974 2 items
Greenwalt, Crawford H. (Crawford Hallock), 1937-
1984 3 items
Gressley, Gene M., 1931-
1979-1986 8 items
Griffith, John
1982-1985 5 items
Gruber, John -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1981 April 23 1 item
Guardian Mutual Fund, inc.
1957-1986 4 folders
Folder 1
1957-1960 43 items
Folder 2
1963-1971 78 items
Folder 3
1982-1983 11 items
Folder 4
1985-1986 12 items
Guggenheimer, Elinor
1982 2 items
Gunn, James E., 1923-
n.d. 1 item
Haddad, J. A.
1984 January 10 1 item
Hahn, Walter A.
1982 3 items
Hampshire College
1978-1984 28 items
Handler, Philip, 1917-
1970-1984 10 folders
Folder 1
1972-1982 14 items
Folder 2
1971-1977 20 items
Folder 3
1972-1976 16 items
Folder 4
1972-1980 27 items
Folder 5
1972-1981 12 items
Folder 6
1982 13 items
Folder 7
1983 6 items
Folder 8
1984 3 items
Folder 9
1975-1981 12 items
Folder 10
1971-1982 10 items
Handler, Philip, 1917- -- His Tenure as President of the National Academy of Sciences
1981-1982 4 folders
Folder 1
1981 8 items
Folder 2
1981 1 items
Folder 3
1982 11 items
Folder 4
1982 16 items
Harris, Patricia, 1924-1985
1984 3 items
Harvard University
1972-1984 2 folders
Folder 1
1972-1979 20 items
Folder 2
1980-1984 22 items
Harvard University. Visiting Committee
1957-1971 5 folders
Folder 1
1957-1962 17 items
Folder 2
1963 17 items
Folder 3
1964 14 items
Folder 4
1965-1969 24 items
Folder 5
1970-1971 23 items
Harvey Mudd College
1960-1971 12 items
Havoens, B. L. -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1973 June 19 1 item
Health Advancement, inc.
1972-1978 3 folders
Folder 1
1972 19 items
Folder 2
1973-1975 18 items
Folder 3
1977-1978 2 items
Health Research Council of the City of New York
1961-1968 20 items
Hertz, Roy
1984 2 items
Hesburgh, Theodore Martin, 1917-
1977 6 items
Hewlett, William -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1985 March 13 1 item
Hill, Albert G.
1979 2 items
History of the Directors of Industrial Reseach -- TMs
n.d. 1 item
Hobbins, James M.
1983 3 items
Hofmann, Valentine
1973 3 items
Hofstra University
1983-1984 14 items
Holtzman, Wayne H. -- Computer-Assisted Instruction in the United States: Past, Present, and Future
1977 1 item
Hone, -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1972 September 9 1 item
Hunt, James B., 1937-
1977-1985 9 items
Hunter College. Institute of Health Sciences
1970 4 items
Hyatt Regency Cambridge
1984 4 items
Ingle, Dwight Joyce, 1907-
1972 1 item
Institut de la vie
1972-1976 31 items
Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.)
1978-1979 5 items
Institute for Defense Analyses.
1959-1971 34 items
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
1955-1984 2 folders
Folder 1
1955-1971 32 items

Other Descriptive Information: Includes group photograph of Piore and others at the Joint Technical Advisory Committee meeting. Removed to Series V.

Folder 2
1973-1984 19 items
Intercontinental Book and Publishing in Deutschland
1982-1983 5 items
International Conference on High-Energy Accelerators (12th: 1983: Batavia, Illinois)
1983 3 items
International Conference on the Unity of the Sciences
1981 22 items
International Rescue Committee, inc. -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1985 September 5 1 item
Insurance policies
1955-1971 2 folders
Folder 1
  
Folder 2
  
Invitations
1971 29 items
Israel
1968-1971 46 items
ITNR Advisory Corporation S.A.
1976 1 item
Japan
1983 October 1 item
Jason, Leonard
1966-1971 30 items
Jennings, Edward H. -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000.
1981 July 21 1 item
Jewett, Frank Baldwin, 1917-
1976 5 items
J. M. Rubin and Sons, inc. -- TDS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1977 September 28 1 item
Johansgatan, Karl -- TNS to Piore, Emanual Ruben, 1908-2000
1981 February 20 1 item
Johns Hopkins University
1976 2 items
Johns Hopkins University -- Policy Advisory Committee
1975 53 items
Johnson, Agatha -- TLS from Piore, Emanual Ruben, 1908-2000
1973 August 1 1 item
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.
1961-1963 4 items
Jones, Gilbert E. -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1976 May 25 1 item
Journal of computational physics.
1964-1968 16 items
Kac, Mark
1984 2 items
Kahn, Robert F., 1917-
n.d. 1 item

Resume.

Kapitsa, P. L. (Petr Leonidovich), 1894- -- The Bernal Lecture, 1976: Scientific and social approaches for the solution of global problems.
1977 1 item
Kaplan, Joseph
1986 3 items
Katcher, David A.
1976 2 items
Kaya, Seiji, 1898-
1975-1981 7 items
Kelman, Steven
1985 4 items
Keynan, Alex, 1921-
1973-1979 4 items
Kheel, Theodore Woodrow.
1979-1980 2 items
Kibbee, Robert J.
1980-1982 2 items
Kiley, Robert R. -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1983 October 11 1 item
Killian, James Rhyne, 1904-
1973 2 items
King, Seth S. -- TMs Cy Test Finds I.O.'s Can Be Lifted for Children of Retarded
1972 July 17 1 item
Kline, Sidney
1982-1983 2 items
Kochen, Manfred
1975-1976 4 items
Kortchmar, Emil
1984 2 items
Laboratory Data Control, inc.
1970-1971 36 items
Lamport, Bernard, 1929-
1985 2 items
Land, Edwin Herbert, 1909- -- On the Proper Properties of the Permeable Membrane between Research and Engineering.
1972 1 item
Landon, Ned
1979 2 items
Lankford, John -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1984 December 1 1 item
Lauritsen, Charles Charles, 1892-1968
1971 3 items
Lawless, William J.
1982-1983 2 items
Levi, Edward Hirsch, 1911- -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1975 February 24 1 item
Libby, Leona Marshall, 1919-
1983 4 items
Library of Congress
1974 September 18 1 item
Lin, Robert I.
1983 3 items
Lipsky, Karl
1971 2 items
Lists
  2 folders

Various membership lists.

LogEtronics, inc.
1968-1985 5 items
Logsdon, John M., 1937-
1980 2 items
Lord and Taylor Benefit
1985 3 items
Loveless, Mary -- TNS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1977 February 1 1 item
Loweth, Hugh
1976 2 items
Lundquist, Stig, 1925-
n.d. 1 item
Mahoney, Margaret, 1924-
1984 2 items
Majestic
1981 3 items
Malone, Thomas
1980 May 12 1 item
Manfred Sakel Institute
1971 3 items
Manhattan Cable TV
1985 3 items
Marconi International Fellowship
1977 2 items
Marcy, H. T.
1974 2 items
Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.)
1955-1984 6 folders
Folder 1
1955-1971 15 items
Folder 2
1973-1974 18 items
Folder 3
1976-1977 28 items
Folder 4
1978-1981 16 items
Folder 5
1982 7 items
Folder 6
1983-1984 15 items
Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.) -- Nominating Committee
1973-1974 15 items
Mario Negri Institute Foundation, inc.
1975 6 items
Marshak, Robert Eugene, 1916-
1983 2 items
Marshall, Burke, 1922- -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1982 July 15 1 item
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1955-1983 7 folders
Folder 1
1955-1967 22 items
Folder 2
1968-1971 40 items
Folder 3
1972-1977 34 items
Folder 4
1979-1984 16 items
Health Sciences and Technology -- Folder 5
1972 6 items
Visiting Committee for the Department of Physics -- Folder 6
1971-1974 20 items
Visiting Committee for the Department of Physics -- Folder 7
1975-1983 17 items
Mayor's Commission for Science and Technology
1984-1985 27 items
McConahy, John G. -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1981 October 16 1 item
McCormack, Mike
1972-1976 2 items
McNamee, George C. -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1986 June 24 1 item
Mekhon Vaitsman le-mada.
1972-1977 2 folders
Folder 1
1972 7 items
Folder 2
1973-1977 16 items
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
1963-1986 6 folders
Folder 1
1963-1970 54 items
Folder 2
1971-1972 33 items
Folder 3
1973 23 items
Folder 4
1974-1982 44 items
Folder 5
1983-1984 34 items
Folder 6
1985-1986 16 items
Meselson, Matthew
1985 3 items
METRO, New York Metropolitan Reference and Research Library
1981-1986 2 folders
Folder 1
1981-1982 12 items
Folder 2
1983-1986 15 items
Meyer, Carl H.
1985 3 items
Mikesell, Nancy
1977 2 items
Milton Roy Company -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1982 March 31 1 item
Ming-teh, Li
1979 2 items
Miscellaneous
n.d. 7 items
Mott, N. F. (Nevill Francis), Sir, 1905-
1977 2 items
Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927- -- TLS to Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1984 January 12 1 item
Montedison Progetto Cultura
1986 3 items
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund
1975-1986 4 items
Naftalin, Micah H.
1982 4 items
National Academy of Engineering
1966-1986 8 folders
Folder 1
1966-1967 44 items
Folder 2
1968-1971 30 items
Folder 3
1972-1974 29 items
Folder 4
1975-1976 27 items
Folder 5
1977-1979 19 items
Folder 6
1981-1982 45 items
Folder 7
1983-1986 44 items
Awards -- Folder 8
1968-1970 41 items
National Academy of Public Administration
1981-1982 7 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
1963-1985 26 folders
Folder 1
1963 112 items

Letters of congratulations on election to NAS.

Folder 2
1971 January-March 60 items
Folder 3
1971 April-July 59 items
Folder 4
1971 September-December 45 items
Folder 5
1972 January-May 30 items
Folder 6
1972 June-September 25 items
Folder 7
1972 October-December 42 items
Folder 8
1973 January-September 10 items
Folder 9
1973 October-December 20 items
Folder 10
1974 41 items
Folder 11
1975 January-May 31 items
Folder 12
1975 June-December 52 items
Folder 13
1976 January-July 43 items
Folder 14
1976 August-December 59 items
Folder 15
1977 January-February 49 items
Folder 16
1977 May-August 52 items
Folder 17
1977 September-December 25 items
Folder 18
1978 31 items
Folder 19
1979 35 items
Folder 20
1980 January 13 items
Folder 21
1980 February-March 24 items
Folder 22
1980 April-May 12 items
Folder 23
1980 September-December 14 items
Folder 24
1981 15 items
Folder 25
1982-1983 11 items
Folder 26
1984-1985 17 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Awards and Grants
1979-1980 12 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Computer Science and Engineering Board
1968-1971 44 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Council
1973-1976 35 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Cyrus B. Comstock Fund
1965-1970 22 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Gomory Committee
1979 6 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Institute of Medicine (U.S.)
1973-1974 4 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Invitations
1963 14 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Navy Study
1974-1975 31 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Nominations
1968 5 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Physics Survey Committee
1969-1971 4 folders
Folder 1
1969 19 items
Folder 2
1970 29 items
Folder 3
1971 6 items
Folder 4
1971 33 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Public Welfare Medal
1968-1970 46 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Quissett Property
1976 6 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- Travel
1960-1971 29 items
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) -- White, Gilbert F.
1972-1975 17 items
National Association of Science Writers, inc. -- TLS to Piore, Emanual Ruben, 1908-2000
1972 December 13 1 item
National Commission on Research
n.d. 2 items
National Information Bureau
1975 November 11 1 item
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
1965-1975 7 items
National Medal of Science
1962-1974 76 items
Folder 1
1962-1967 35 items
Folder 2
1968-1974 30 items
National Research Corps
1946-1947 2 folders
Folder 1
1946 41 items
Folder 2
1947 17 items
National Research Council (U.S.)
1975-1985 3 folders
Folder 1
1975-1977 18 items
Folder 2
1978 43 items
Folder 3
1980-1985 14 items
National Science Board (U.S.)
1961-1974 35 items

Other Descriptive Information: Three group photographs included. Removed to Series V.

National Science Board (U.S.) -- Long Range Planning Committee
1969-1973 4 folders
Folder 1
1969 16 items
Folder 2
1970 14 items
Folder 3
1970 14 items
Folder 4
1971-1973 17 items
National Science Board (U.S.) -- Travel
1959-1971 119
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
1970-1984 23 items
National Science Foundation (U.S.) -- The National Science Board and The Formulation of National Science Policy
1981 July 31 2 items
Naval Historical Foundation
1982 5 items
Naval Research Advisory Committee
1973-1985 18 items
Nerken, Albert
1977 5 items
Neuberger, Roy
1979 3 items
Neufeld, Maurice F. -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1977 December 20 1 item
Neugebauer, Gerry, 1932-
n.d. 1 item
Neurosciences Institute (La Jolla, San Diego, Calif.)
1982 2 items
Newcomen Society in North America
1965-1971 20 items
The New Leader
1975 2 items
Newman, Edward -- TL Cy from Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000
1973 January 18 1 item
Newspaper clippings
1961 3 items
The Newtown Fund
1985 3 items
New York
1976-1985 10 items
New York Academy of Sciences
1975 3 items
New York City Science and Technology Advisory Council
1965 -1971 25 items
The New Yorker
1969-1971 6 items
New York Hall of Science
1967-1986 31 folders
Folder 1
1967 39 items
Folder 2
1972 27 items
Folder 3
1973 13 items
Folder 4
1973 10 items
Folder 5
1974 19 items
Folder 6
1974 25 items
Folder 7
1975 16 items
Folder 8
1976 21 items
Folder 9
1977 27 items
Folder 10
1978 35 items
Folder 11
1978 7 items
Folder 12
1979 11 items
Folder 13
1980 23 items
Folder 14
1980 23 items
Folder 15
1981 21 items
Folder 16
1981 26 items
Folder 17
1981 29 items
Folder 18
1982 34 items
Folder 19
1982 26 items
Folder 20
1982 12 items
Folder 21
1983 25 items
Folder 22
1983 12 items
Folder 23
1984 12 items
Folder 24
1984 33 items
Folder 25
1984 12 items
Folder 26
1985 12 items
Folder 27
1985 11 items

Other Descriptive Information: Studio photograph of Piore smoking pipe included. Removed to Series V.

Folder 28
1985 13 items
Folder 29
1985 10 items
Folder 30
1986 12 items
Folder 31
1986 28 items
New York Hall of Science -- Proposal to the National Science Foundation
1973 3 items
New York State Bar Association
1969-1970 8 items
New York State Project 2000
1986 2 folders
Folder 1
1986 items
Folder 2
1986 15 items
New York State Science and Technology Foundation
1964-1985 13 folders
Folder 1
1964-1971 27 items
Folder 2
1974-1975 20 items
Folder 3
1976 15 items
Folder 4
1977 14 items
Folder 5
1978 13 items
Folder 6
1979 18 items
Folder 7
1979 11 items
Folder 8
1980 14 items
Folder 9
1981 7 items
Folder 10
1981 10 items
Folder 11
1981 10 items
Folder 12
1982 6 items
Folder 13
1983-1985 23 items
New York State Science and Technology Foundation -- Board of Directors Meeting, 29 September 1980
1980 6 items
New York State Science and Technology Foundation -- Board of Directors Meeting, 1 May 1984
1984 1 item
New York University
1981 2 items
New York University -- Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences
1958-1986 4 folders