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Abstract

James M. Crawford was a linguist who mainly studied Native American languages, including Cocopa, Yuchi, and Mobilian trade language. He came to the field of linguistics halfway through his lifetime after pursuing a career in forestry in the West and Southwest. After receiving his PhD in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley, he returned to his birthplace, Georgia, where he taught in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Georgia at Athens.

The collection is organized into seven series: I. Correspondence, 1964-1986; II. Subject Files, 1949-1987; III. Works by Crawford, 1962-1986; IV. Research NOtes & Notebooks, 1906-1988; V. Card Files, 1960s-1980s; VI. Course Material, 1961-1986; VII. Photographs, 1963-1978.

Background note

James M. Crawford was born on 18 September 1925 in Commerce, Georgia, where his father was a farmer. As a child, Crawford became interested in languages by listening to Mexican radio stations; while in school, he studied Latin, French, and German. He served in the United States Army in Europe from 1943 to 1946 during the second World War. After returning to Georgia, he studied forestry at the University of Georgia in Athens, receiving his B.S. in 1949.

From 1949 to 1950, Crawford worked as County Ranger in the Georgia Forestry Commission in Butler, Georgia; then from 1950 to 1952 as Forester in the United States Forest Service in California, Arizona, and New Mexico. From 1953 to 1954, Crawford worked as Lumber Grader for the Hammond Lumber Company in Samoa, California and then for a year as Surveyor for the Utah Construction Company in Hawthorne, Nevada.

In 1956, Crawford returned to the forestry profession as Research Forester at the Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station in Berkeley, California, where he worked until 1961. While there, he encountered a linguist working in the Sierras and became fascinated with the study of languages as a career. Soon after this encounter, Crawford arrived as a graduate student at the Department of Linguistics of the University of California at Berkeley, beginning his linguistic studies with Russian and Old Slavic. One of his professors, Dr. Mary Haas (a student of Edward Sapir), encouraged Crawford to study Native American languages, and he became engrossed in the intricacies of Cocopa, Yuchi, and Choctaw. From 1962 to 1965, he was a teaching assistant at Berkeley.

Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language, focused on the language of the Cocopa Indians, whom he had visited in 1962 in Arizona. Cocopa is one of ten Yuman languages spoken in Arizona, California, and Mexico. In a later work, Cocopa Texts (1983), Crawford published phonetic transcriptions and English translations of Cocopa stories that he had collected.

Crawford received his Ph.D. in 1966. That year, he became Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Idaho State University, where he taught for two years. He returned in 1968 to the University of Georgia, this time as Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology; in 1981, he became Professor. Crawford taught courses in linguistics, phonology, morphology and syntax, field methods in linguistics, and Native American languages.

Crawford received a grant from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1976 to study Mobilian trade language (a now extinct language that was once spoken along the Mississippi River). He won the 1977 James Mooney Award, given jointly by the Southern Anthropological Society and the University of Tennessee Press, for his manuscript, The Mobilian Trade Language, which was judged to be the outstanding manuscript on New World cultures. As part of the award, the manuscript was published by the University of Tennessee Press. During his field work, Crawford had traveled to Louisiana to interview the remaining three speakers of Mobilian; they had all died by the time the book was published.

Crawford also received grants to study Yuchi, which is a language isolate; that is, it is not related to other known languages and contains few borrowed words. The Yuchi Indians lived throughout South Georgia before being moved to Oklahoma with the Creek Indians in the 1830s. The Yuchi dictionary that Crawford worked on was never published. Crawford also helped to show that Yuchi Indians had been present in the Georgia area one hundred years sooner than had been previously thought. When Kristian Hvidt, librarian of Danish Parliament in Copenhagen, Denmark, discovered in 1977 some drawings of Yuchi Indians that had been done by Baron Philipp Georg Friedrich von Reck in the 1730s, Crawford was able to translate the Yuchi text on the labels.

Crawford received other grants to study Alabama, Cherokee, and other southeastern Indian languages. In 1980, he received, from the University of Georgia, the Albert Christ-Janer Award for Creativity in Research.

Crawford organized several symposia on Southeastern Indian Languages, and in 1978, he co-organized with Robert L. Rankin the first Conference on Muskogean Languages and Linguistics at the University of Oklahoma in Norman. He served as referee for the International Journal of American Linguistics, Macmillan Publishing Company, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Wenner-Gren Foundation. He edited the Department of Anthropology newsletter.

Crawford was a member of the American Anthropological Association, the Arizona Historical and Archaeological Society, the International Linguistics Association, the Linguistic Society of America, the Pacific Coast Archaeological Society, the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, and the Southern Anthropological Society.

Crawford's publications include numerous articles and reviews, as well as Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages, a book that he edited. He also published a Cocopa Dictionary as a companion volume to Cocopa Texts. Crawford was in the process of writing a Cocopa grammar that would be the third volume in the series on the Cocopa language when he died on 5 May 1989.

Scope and content

The James M. Crawford Papers (1906-1988) contain correspondence, subject files, manuscripts of published and unpublished works by Crawford, research notes by Crawford, course material, and photographs, which document Crawford's career as a linguist.

The papers (113 boxes; 68.75 linear feet) are divided into seven series:

Series I. Correspondence 1964-1986 (1 box;.25 linear feet)
Series II. Subject Files 1949-1987 (2 boxes;.5 linear feet)
Series III. Works by Crawford 1962-1986 (18 boxes; 8 linear feet)
Series IV. Research Notes & Notebooks 1906-1988 (10 boxes; 4.75 linear feet)
Series V. Card Files 1960s-1980s (83 boxes; 54 linear feet)
Series VI. Course Material 1961-1986 (3 boxes;.75 linear feet)
Series VII. Photographs 1963-1978 (1 box;.25 linear feet)
Series III-IV. Oversized (1 box;.25 linear feet)

Oversized materials follow the same series arrangement as noted above. Cross referencing to oversized material appears on the folders in the standard sized boxes. Reprints have been moved to the printed materials collection of the APS library. To retrieve reprints, consult the card catalog for printed materials. Sound recordings have also been removed from the collection and cataloged as Recording 184.

Collection information

Provenance

The Crawford Papers were donated to the APS Library by Elisabeth Crawford in 1990 (Accession #1990-2551ms). Six Cocopa notebooks (three from 1978, three from 1979) were donated by Margaret Langdon in 1994 (Accession #1994-690ms).

Processing information

Processed by Miriam B. Spectre, August, 1994 (revised)

General physical description

68.75 linear feet

Related material

Audio recordings made and collected by Crawford are available in the Recordings of Native American languages collection (Mss.Rec.184).

General note

During processing, the collection was re-foldered and re-housed in acid-free folders and boxes. Metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic clips when necessary. A separate listing of torn or severely deteriorated manuscripts and manuscripts that need to have glue and tape removed has been compiled by series and submitted to the Conservation Department.

All newspaper clippings were photocopied onto acid-free paper; the original clippings were then discarded. Other brittle or torn items were also photocopied, and when considered valuable, were retained. Photographs have been interleaved with non-buffered, acid-free paper.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Drafts (preliminary versions).
  • Field notes.
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Manuscripts (for publication)
  • Nitrate negatives
  • Notebooks
  • Photoprints
  • Portrait photographs
  • Reviews (Criticism)

Personal Name(s)

  • Crawford, James Mack, 1925-1989
  • Hayes, Lillian
  • Hayes, Victor
  • Keyaite, Ilona Mae

Subject(s)

  • Alabama language
  • American Council of Learned Societies
  • Anishinaabe
  • Catawba language
  • Central Cordilleran languages
  • Choctaw language
  • Cocopa language
  • Kiliwa language
  • Linguists
  • Mobilian trade language
  • National Science Foundation
  • Newari language
  • Ojibwa Indians
  • Ojibwe people
  • Wolof language
  • Yavapai language
  • Yuchi language
Collection overview
1964-1986 

contains mainly incoming letters, although there are a few carbons of letters written by Crawford. Most of the letters are photocopies. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III. A photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Most of the correspondence deals with Crawford's publications. There is one letter from a Native American informant, Ilona Mae Keyaite.

1975-1982 

includes grant applications and information for the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Science Foundation, clippings about Crawford and his work, copies of Crawford's curriculum vitae, reviews of Crawford's books, and two plant specimens collected by Crawford. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder.

1962-1986 

contains handwritten and typed notes, outlines, drafts, and final versions of articles, books, and reviews. This series is arranged alphabetically by title. For some works, the notes, drafts, and final copies are filed together. This series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the works: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language and notes, drafts, and final versions of his book, Cocopa Texts. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes "Reconnaissance among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana" and "Yuchi Text with Translation." The third subseries, Yuman, includes "Account of Reconnaissance among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona." The fourth subseries, Other, includes some papers that Crawford wrote for graduate courses at the University of California at Berkeley; notes, drafts, and final versions of his books, The Mobilian Trade Language and Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages; and reviews of other people's books.

1962-1986 
1969-1979 
1962-1980 
1962-1986 
1962-1988 

contains loose notes and notebooks on various linguistic topics. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder. The series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the notes: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes notes on morphology and phoneme checking. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes notes on syntax and cognates to Siouan. The third subseries, Yuman, includes notes on phonemes and a notebook on Yuman reconnaissance. The fourth subseries, Other, includes notes and notebooks on Bakweri, Burmese, Cherokee, Choctaw, Korean, Mandingo, Shona, Shoshoni, and Wolof. There are also a number of unidentified notebooks. The earliest item is a manuscript Igorrote-English dictionary from 1906.

1962-1979 
1970-1987 
1962-1985 
1906-1988 
1960s-1980s 

contains card-sized paper slips that are mainly dictionary entries for several languages. The slips have pencilled notes in English and in the languages covered. The various languages include Alabama, Catawba, Choctaw, Cocopa, Mobilian, Newari, Yavapai, and Yuchi. There also three boxes of slips that Crawford apparently did not finish filing before he died, and there are three boxes of miscellaneous slips. The labels on the boxes have been copied from the labels that were given to the boxes by Crawford.

1961-1986 

mainly contains course notes for graduate courses in linguistics that Crawford took at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, including Old Church Slavic, Russian, and Sanskrit. There is a photocopied version of a text for a course, Linguistics 888, that Crawford taught, probably at the University of Georgia.

1963-1973 

Native American Images note: Photographs and slides of a Yuman family of the Cocopa tribe that James Mack Crawford met while researching the Cocopa language for his dissertation. Taken by Crawford, the black and white gelatin silver prints show Native Americans from the Somerton reservation that moved to Buckeye, Arizona in 1963. Dressed primarily in modern clothes, some images display women in native neck ware. The 1978 photographs appear in Crawford’s published work, Cocopa Tales (1983).

  Oversize 1


Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1964-1986 

contains mainly incoming letters, although there are a few carbons of letters written by Crawford. Most of the letters are photocopies. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III. A photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Most of the correspondence deals with Crawford's publications. There is one letter from a Native American informant, Ilona Mae Keyaite.

Ferguson, Charles A.
1973 Box Series I: F - V
Good, Dwight
1965 
Handbook of North American Indians
1983 
International Journal of American Linguistics
1975, 1977 
Journal of California Anthropology
1978 
Keyaite, Ilona Mae
1964 
Linguistic Society of America
1970-1973 
McDavid, Ravin L., Jr.
1970 
Munro, Pamela
1986 
Pulte, William
1972 
Richardson, Miles
1976 
Sawyer, Jesse O.
1969 

-See also Ser.III-A, "Meaning in Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"

Southern Anthropological Society
1967, 1969 
Sturtevant, William C.
1977-1978 
University of California Press
1981 
University of Georgia
1971-1980 
The University of North Carolina
1978 
University of South Florida
1974 
The University of Tennessee Press
1978 
Voegelin, Charles F.
1970 
Series II. Subject Files
1975-1982 

includes grant applications and information for the American Council of Learned Societies and the National Science Foundation, clippings about Crawford and his work, copies of Crawford's curriculum vitae, reviews of Crawford's books, and two plant specimens collected by Crawford. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder.

American Council of Learned Societies
1975-1982 Box Series II: A - So
Bilingual Education
1974-1975 
Clippings
1964-1984 
The Cocopa Language
[1967] 
Cocopa Texts
1982-1983 
Cocopah Indian Reservation Map
1949 
Conference on Muskogean Languages and Linguistics
19 Oct. 1978 
Curriculum Vitae
1966-1987 
Informants' Receipts
1978 
The Mobilian Trade Language--Reviews
1979-1981, n.d. 
National Science Foundation
  
Folder #1
1969-1970 
Folder #2
1971-1973 
"Plant Collected at Maggie Poncho's Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, Texas"
Aug. 1970 
"Plant Collected Near Clarkdale, Arizona"
13 Jul. 1967 
Sapulpa, Oklahoma Public Schools
4 Jun. 1977 
Southern Anthropological Society
1971 
Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages--Readers' Reviews
[1971] Box Series II: St - U
Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages--Reviews
1975-1979 
University of Georgia Grant Proposal
1982-1983 
Series III. Works by Crawford
1962-1986 

contains handwritten and typed notes, outlines, drafts, and final versions of articles, books, and reviews. This series is arranged alphabetically by title. For some works, the notes, drafts, and final copies are filed together. This series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the works: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes Crawford's dissertation, The Cocopa Language and notes, drafts, and final versions of his book, Cocopa Texts. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes "Reconnaissance among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana" and "Yuchi Text with Translation." The third subseries, Yuman, includes "Account of Reconnaissance among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona." The fourth subseries, Other, includes some papers that Crawford wrote for graduate courses at the University of California at Berkeley; notes, drafts, and final versions of his books, The Mobilian Trade Language and Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages; and reviews of other people's books.

Series III-A. Works by Crawford--Cocopa
1962-1986 
"Baby Talk in an American Indian Language"
1974 Box Series IIIA: B - Cocopa Dict. #2
"Classificatory Verbs in Cocopa"
1986 

-See also Ser.I, Munro, Pamela

"Cocopa I"
19752 Folders

-See also Ser.III-A, "A Cocopa Tale: The Alligator Who Couldn't Turn Over"

General physical description: 2 Folders

"The Cocopa Auxiliary Verb ya "Be Located, Happen" "
[1969] 
"Cocopa Baby Talk"
[1969] 

-See also Ser.I, Southern Anthropological Society

Cocopa Dictionary
[198-] 
Folder #1-2
  
Folders #3-9
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #3-9
Folders #10-16
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #10-16
Folders #17-23
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #17-23
Folders #24-27
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Dict. #24 - Cocopa Lang.--Ms. #2
Cocopa Dictionary--Disks
  

-See Oversized

"Cocopa Grammar"
[1973] 
The Cocopa Language--Ms.
1966 
Folders #1-2
  
Folders #3-5
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Lang.--Ms. #3 - Cocopa Lang.--Notes #4
The Cocopa Language--Notes
1966 
Folders #1-4
  
Folder #5
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Lang.--Notes #5 - Cocopa Texts #5
"The Cocopa Language: Thematic Prefixes of the Verb"
May 1965 
"A Cocopa Tale: The Alligator Who Couldn't Turn Over"
[1976] 

-See also Ser.III-A, "Cocopa I"

Cocopa Texts
[1983] 
Folders #1-5
  
Folders #6-11
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Texts #6-11
Folders #12-15
  Box Series IIIA: Cocopa Texts #12 - Ma
"Coyote and His Daughter"
[1978] 
"Epenthetic Vowels in Cocopa Phonology"
[1967] 
"Linguistic Color Categorization in Mesamerica: Instructions for Descriptive Field Work"
[1978] 
"A Look at Some Cocopa Auxiliaries"
[1972] 
"Maricopa and Cocopa: A Binary Comparison"
Dec. 1962 
"Meaning in Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"
[1968]2 FoldersBox Series IIIA: Me - U

-See also Ser.I, Sawyer, Jesse O.

General physical description: 2 Folders

"More on Cocopa Baby Talk"
[1977] 
"The Morphology of the Cocopa Noun"
May 1964 
"Nominalization in Cocopa"
1978 

-See also Ser.IV-A, "Relativization and Nominalization in Cocopa"

"A Preliminary Report on the Phonemes of the Cocopa Language"
Apr. 1963 
"Proto-Yuman: Reconstructed from Cocopa, Diegueño, Maricopa, and Yavapai"
  

-See Ser.III-C, same title

"Spanish Loan Words in Cocopa"
[1979] 

-See also Ser.I, Journal of California Anthropology

"Uses and Functions of Cocopa Auxiliary Verbs"
n.d. 
Series III-B. Works by Crawford--Yuchi
1969-1979 
"Biloxi, Ofo, and Yuchi"
[1970] Box Series IIIB: B - Yuchi Phonology #1
"Reconnaissance Among Several Indian Groups in Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana"
Aug. 19692 Folders
"Timucua and Yuchi. Two Language Isolates of the Southeast"
[1977]2 Folders
"Yuchi"
n.d. 
"Yuchi" in Handbook of North American Indians
[1979]2 Folders
"Yuchi Phonology"
[197-] 
Folder #1
  
Folders #2-3
  Box Series IIIB: Yuchi Phonology #2 - Yuchi T.
"Yuchi Text with Translation"
[1972] 
Series III-C. Works by Crawford--Yuman
1962-1980 
"Account of Reconnaissance Among Several Languages of the Yuman Family in Arizona"
1962 Box Series IIIC: A - S
"Bibliography of the Tribes and Languages of the Yuman Family"
n.d. 
Cochimi and Proto-Yuman: Lexical and Syntactic Evidence for a New Language Family in Lower California by Mauricio J. Mixco--Review
[1980] 
"A Comparison of Chimariko and Yuman"
[1976] 
"Proto-Yuman: Reconstructed from Cocopa, Diegueño, Maricopa, and Yavapai"
Jan. 1964 
"Some Cognate Sets from Chimariko and Several Yuman Languages"
n.d. 
Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other
1962-1986 
"The Brahui Verb: A Restatement of the Morphology"
19642 FoldersBox Series IIID: Bra - Bri
"A Brief Account of the Indian Tribes of Northeast Georgia"
23 Feb. 1962 
The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages by Wallace L. Chafe; A Grammar of Biloxi by Paula Ferris Einaudi; A Grammar of Pawnee by Douglas R. Parks; and Wichita Grammar by David S. Rood--Review
1977 Box Series IIID: C - Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #3
Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles
[1979] 
"English Sun and Latin Sol"
Dec. 1962 
A Grammar of Diegueño Nominals by Larry Paul Gorbet--Review
[1978] 
A Grammar of Diegueño, the Mesa Grande Dialect by Margaret Langdon-Review
[1972] 
"Hokan and Siouan Words for Mouth"
[1070-1971]2 Folders
Houma
  

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

Kiliwa Dictionary by Mauricio J. Mixco--Review
[1986] 
Mobile
  

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

The Mobilian Trade Language--Ms.
[1978] 
Folders #1-3
  
Folders #4-9
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #4-9
Folders #10-11
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Ms. #10 - Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Notes #5
The Mobilian Trade Language--Notes
[1978] 
Folders #1-5
  
Folder #6
  Box Series IIID: Mobilian Tr. Lang.--Notes #6 - Studies in S.I. Lang. #2
Natchez
  

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

The Natchez: Annotated Translations from Antoine Simon le Page du Pratz's Histoire de la Louisiane and a Short English-Natchez Dictionary by Charles D. Van Tuyl--Review
[1981] 
"Native Americans and Their Languages" by Roger Owen--Review
[1978] 
"The Nature of Language: The View of Linguists"
May 1964 
Nez Perce Texts by Haruo Aoki--Review
[1980] 
"On the Relationship Between Timucua and Muskogean"
[1986] 
A Papago Grammar by Ofelia Zepeda--Review
[1984] 
"A Phonological Comparison of the Speech of Two Communities in California: East Bay and El Centro"
Jan. 1964 
"The Phonological Sequence ya in Words Pertaining to the Mouth in Southeastern and Other Indian Languages"
[1975] 
Quapaw
  

-See Ser.III-D, Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas--Articles

Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages
[197-] 
Folders #1-2
  
Folder #3
  Box Series IIID: Studies in S.I. Lang. #3
Series IV. Research Notes
1962-1988 

contains loose notes and notebooks on various linguistic topics. The series is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically within each folder. The series is divided into four subseries that reflect the subject content of the notes: A. Cocopa, B. Yuchi, C. Yuman, and D. Other. The first subseries, Cocopa, includes notes on morphology and phoneme checking. The second subseries, Yuchi, includes notes on syntax and cognates to Siouan. The third subseries, Yuman, includes notes on phonemes and a notebook on Yuman reconnaissance. The fourth subseries, Other, includes notes and notebooks on Bakweri, Burmese, Cherokee, Choctaw, Korean, Mandingo, Shona, Shoshoni, and Wolof. There are also a number of unidentified notebooks. The earliest item is a manuscript Igorrote-English dictionary from 1906.

Series IV-A. Research Notes and Notebooks--Cocopa
1962-1979 
"Birds of the Southwestern Desert"--Cocopa
[1962] Box Series IVA: B - Notebook #5
"Cocopa "Animal Talk" "
n.d. 
"Comparison of Cocopa, Maricopa, Diegueño, and Yavapai"
1964? 
"Elements in Cocopa Vocabulary Probably Due to Culture Contacts with Western World"
n.d. 
Final Consonants Alphabetically Arranged
n.d. 
Morphology (Noun)
n.d. 
Morphology (Verb)
n.d. 
Notebook
  

-See Ser.IV-B, Notebook #9

Notebook #1
1963 
Notebook #2
1963 
Notebook #3
1963 
Notebook #4
1963-1964 
Notebook #5
1964-1965 
Notebook #6
1965 Box Series IVA: Notebook #6-14
Notebook #7
1965 
Notebook #8
1967 
Notebook #9, [Part 1]
1967 
Notebook #9, [Part 2]
1973 
Notebook #10
1978 
Notebook #11
1978 
Notebook #12
1978 
Notebook #13
1979 
Notebook #14
1979 
Notebook #15
1979 Box Series IVA: Notebook #15 - R
Notes #1
1962 
Notes #2
1967 
Notes #3
n.d. 
Notes #4
n.d. 
Phoneme Checking
n.d. 
"Relativization and Nominalization in Cocopa"
Jun. 1977 
Songs
n.d. Box Series IVA: S - W
Spanish Words in Cocopa
n.d. 
Syntax
n.d. 
Word List
1962 
Series IV-B. Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi
1970-1987 

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-B: Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi

Handouts
n.d. Box Series IVB: H - Notebook #8
Informants
n.d. 
"Negation"
n.d. 
Notebook
  
Folders #1-4
Summer 1970 
Folders #5-8
Summer 1971 
Folder #9
Summer 1973 Box Series IVB: Notebook #9 - Y

pp.1-28: Yuchi pp.31-86: Cocopa

Folder #10
1987 
Notes
n.d. 
"Notes on Yuchi Syntax"
1978 
"Possible Cognates to Yuchi in Siouan, Atakapa, Yava, Maidu, etc."
1971-1977 
Rough Sheets
1971 
"Some Possible Cognates Between Yuchi and Siouan and Between Yuchi and Tunica"
Jul. 1976 
Yuchi Data
[1985] 

-See also Oversized

Yuchi Vocabulary by Seymour Frank
1970 
Series IV-C. Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuman
1962-1985 

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-C: Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuman

Notes
n.d. Box Series IVC: N - Y
"Notes on Possible Informants Among Speakers of the Yuman Language"
n.d. 
"Phonemes of Four Yuman Languages"
1962 
Yuman Reconnaissance--Notebook
Summer 1962 
Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other
1906-1988 

Other Descriptive Information: Series IV-D: Research Notes & Notebooks--Other

Alabama Vocabulary (Mary McCall)
Oct. 1971 Box Series IVD: A - Bam
Bakweri--Notebook
19812 Folders
Bambara--Notebook
1988 
Basa--Notebook
1984 Box Series IVD: Basa - Catawba #7
Bayang; Hawaiian--Notebook
1980 
Biloxi-Ofo Bibliography
n.d. 
Burmese--Notebook
n.d.2 Folders
Cambodian--Notebook
1974-1975 
Catawba
n.d. 
McDavid, Raven Ioor.
Catawba--Notebooks
1941 

8 notebooks of Catawba linguistic information recorded by Raven McDavid in 1941. The notebooks were in the possession of Mary Haas, who gave them to Crawford at McDavid's permission. See Raven McDavid correspondence in Series I, above.

Processing information: These notebooks were originally cataloged as "Unidentified." Identification of the notebooks as McDavid's Catawba notebooks was made possible through a tip provided by Samiron Dutta, June 2015.

Folders #1-8
  8.0 folders
Cherokee, NC Trip
May 1972 Box Series IVD: Catawba #8 - History
Cherokee--Notebook
1972-1973 
Cherokee Phonology
1972 
Chitimacha
n.d. 
Choctaw--Notebook
  
Folder #1
1971-1972 
Folder #2
1973 
Columbus Museum
Jul. 1969 
Dialect Study (El Centro, East Bay)
1964 Box Series IVD: D - L
Diegueño
n.d. 
Haas Miscellany
1980 
Haas' Tunica Texts
n.d. 
Havasupai
1962 
History of Linguistics
n.d. 
Hokan Numerals
n.d. Box Hokan - Mobilian Forms
Igorrote-English Dictionary--Notebook
[1906] 
Japanese--Notebook
1969 
Kiliwa Word List
1958 
Korean Notebook
  
Folder #1
1967 
Folder #2
1971 
Korean--Notes
1967 
Linguistic Atlas
1964 
Mandingo--Notebook
19872 FoldersBox Series IVD: M - Shon
Maricopa Notes
n.d. 
Maricopa Word Lists
1962 
Ma-Ya-Co-Ha Comparative Sets
1964 
Mikasuki--Notebook
1975 
Miscellany
n.d. 

-See also Ser.V, Miscellany #3

"Mobilian Forms Collected August 27, 1970 from Leonard Lavan by J.M. Crawford Near Elton, Louisiana"
1970 
Mobilian Search--Notebook
1976 Box Series IVD: Mobilian Search - Unidentified
Newari
1961 
Numerals from Indian Languages
n.d. 
Ojibwa (Ojibwe)
n.d. 
Reconnaissance of Southeastern Indian Languages--Notebook
1969 
Shona--Notebook
  
Folder #1
1973 
Folder #2
1974 
Shoshoni--Notebook
  Box Series IVD: Shos - Unidentified--Notebook #7
Folder #1
1967 
Folder #2
1968 
Shoshoni Notes
1967 
Mrs. Terrell--Notebook
1969 
Timucua
1975 
Unidentified
n.d. 
Wolof--Notebook
  Box Series IVD: Wolof - Yavapai
Folder #1
1975-1976 
Folder #2
1976 
Folder #3
1976-1977 
Folder #4
1978 
Wolof Notes
1977 
Wolof Rough Notes
1976 
Yavapai Word List
1962 
Series V. Card Files
1960s-1980s 

contains card-sized paper slips that are mainly dictionary entries for several languages. The slips have pencilled notes in English and in the languages covered. The various languages include Alabama, Catawba, Choctaw, Cocopa, Mobilian, Newari, Yavapai, and Yuchi. There also three boxes of slips that Crawford apparently did not finish filing before he died, and there are three boxes of miscellaneous slips. The labels on the boxes have been copied from the labels that were given to the boxes by Crawford.

English - Alabama
  Box Series V: 1
Alabama - English
  
Catawba - English
  Box Series V: 2
English - Catawba
  Box Series V: 3
Choctaw - English
  Box Series V: 4
English - Choctaw
  Box Series V: 5
Cocopa - English
  Box Series V: 6
a - i
  
k
  Box Series V: 7
kw
  Box Series V: 8
l - ly
  Box Series V: 9
m
  Box Series V: 10
n - ny
  Box Series V: 11
nyu - p
  Box Series V: 12
q - s
  Box Series V: 13
š
  Box Series V: 14
s
  Box Series V: 15
t - w
  Box Series V: 16
x
  Box Series V: 17
xw - y
  Box Series V: 18
? -?i
  Box Series V: 19
?w
  Box Series V: 20
English - Cocopa
  Box Series V: 21
A - B
  
D - E
  Box Series V: 22
F - G
  Box Series V: 23
H - I
  Box Series V: 24
J - M
  Box Series V: 25
N - Ph
  Box Series V: 26
Pi - Py
  Box Series V: 27
Q - Sh
  Box Series V: 28
Si - Sy
  Box Series V: 29
T - Z
  Box Series V: 30
A - U
  Box Series V: 31
Spanish Loanwords in Cocopa
  Box Series V: 32
Kiliwa - English
  Box Series V: 33
English - Kiliwa
  
Miscellany #1
  Box Series V: 34
Miscellany #2
  Box Series V: 35
Miscellany #3
  Box Series V: 36
English - Mobilian
  Box Series V: 37
Mobilian - English
  
Newari; Unidentified
  Box Series V: 38
To Be Filed
  Box Series V: 39a
b - h
  
t - y
  Box Series V: 39b
y -?
  Box Series V: 40
English - Yavapai
  Box Series V: 41
Yavapai - English
  
Yuchi - English
  Box Series V: 42
b - č
  
čh - dæ
  Box Series V: 43
de -
  Box Series V: 44
do - gi
  Box Series V: 45
go
  Box Series V: 46
go - he
  Box Series V: 47a
he – h^
  Box Series V: 47b
ž - k
  Box Series V: 48
k'
  Box Series V: 49
l - l'
  Box Series V: 50
l - m
  Box Series V: 51
na - no
  Box Series V: 52
no - n'
  Box Series V: 53
p - p'
  Box Series V: 54
d2 - š'
  Box Series V: 55
s - s'
  Box Series V: 56
š - š'
  Box Series V: 57
t - t'
  Box Series V: 58
w - w'
  Box Series V: 59
y - y'
  Box Series V: 60
z
  Box Series V: 61
?
  Box Series V: 62
Yuchi Dictionary
  Box Series V: 63
A - Z
  
English - Yuchi
  Box Series V: 64
A - Be
  
Bi - Cl
  Box Series V: 65
Ca - Cy
  Box Series V: 66
Co - E
  Box Series V: 67
F - G
  Box Series V: 68
H - Herd
  Box Series V: 69
Here - Hy
  Box Series V: 70
I - Im
  Box Series V: 71a
In - L
  Box Series V: 71b
M
  Box Series V: 72
N - Pa
  Box Series V: 73a
Pe - R
  Box Series V: 73b
S - Sk
  Box Series V: 74a
Sl - Te
  Box Series V: 74b
Th - Ty
  Box Series V: 74c
U - Wh
  Box Series V: 75a
Wi - Z
  Box Series V: 75b
Dictionary
  Box Series V: 76
Series VI. Course Material
1961-1986 

mainly contains course notes for graduate courses in linguistics that Crawford took at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, including Old Church Slavic, Russian, and Sanskrit. There is a photocopied version of a text for a course, Linguistics 888, that Crawford taught, probably at the University of Georgia.

American Indian Languages--Linguistics 170
1962 Box Series VI: A - I
Cocopa Sketch--Handout for Seminar at University of California at Berkeley
1963 
Dravidian Seminar--Linguistics 290H
1964 
Indo-European--Linguistics 150
1962 
Linguistics
n.d. Box Series VI: L - R
Linguistics 35
1963 
Linguistics 130
1963 
Linguistics 140
1961 
Linguistics 145
1963 
Linguistics 150
1962 
Linguistics 220a
n.d. 
Linguistics 225
1964 
Linguistics 290g
1962 
Linguistics 888
1986 
Old Church Slavic--Notebook
19623 Folders
Russian
1961 
Sanskrit
1961 Box Series VI: Sa - Se
Seminars: 290a Theory; 290g American Indian Languages; Dialectology 216; 225; 130 Phonology--Notebook
n.d. 
Series VII. Photographs
1963-1973 

Native American Images note: Photographs and slides of a Yuman family of the Cocopa tribe that James Mack Crawford met while researching the Cocopa language for his dissertation. Taken by Crawford, the black and white gelatin silver prints show Native Americans from the Somerton reservation that moved to Buckeye, Arizona in 1963. Dressed primarily in modern clothes, some images display women in native neck ware. The 1978 photographs appear in Crawford’s published work, Cocopa Tales (1983).

Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 1.0 Item(s) 5 x 7 inches gelatin silver print
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Victor Hayes
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Victor Hayes
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print
Mary Thomas
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print
Mary Thomas
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
James Mack Crawford, Lillian Hayes, Victor Hayes
1978 5 x 7 inches gelatin silver print
James Mack Crawford, Lillian Hayes, and Victor Hayes
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print
Two daughters of Mary Thomas, Ilona and Vivian
1963 10 x 8 inches gelatin silver print
Daughters of Mary Thomas
1963 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Josephine Thomas
1963 7 x 5 inches gelatin silver print
Josephine Thomas
1963-1978 5 x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 2 nitrate negatives
Victor Hayes
1963 2 nitrate negatives
Cocopa texts
1963-1978 3 nitrate negatives
Lillian Hayes and her daughter Mildred
1963 1.0 Item(s) 4 ½ x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Victor Hayes
1963 4 ½ x 4 inches gelatin silver print
Series III-A, IV-B
  Oversize 1

Other Descriptive Information: Oversized

Series III-A, Works by Crawford--Cocopa
  
Cocopa Dictionary--Disks (20)
[198-] 
Series IV-B, Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi
  
10 3/4 in. magnetic tape
30 Oct. 1979 
6 in. magnetic tape
2 Oct. 1985 
7 1/4 in. magnetic tape
12 Dec. 1985 
10 3/4 in. magnetic tape
17 Sep. 1986