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Abstract

Luna Bergere Leopold (1915-2006, APS 1972), son of prominent conservationist Aldo Leopold (1887-1948), worked during seven decades to bring the field of hydrology and fluvial geomorphology into the conscience of urban planners and those who would restructure the flow of rivers and streams. He established the first practical, major field methods by which the geometry of streams and the waterflow in them are measured and how these data are analyzed. His work is based on meticulous field studies over the course of a multifaceted career as a meteorologist, hydrologist, geomorphologist, professor, and conservationist. This collection comprises his extensive incoming correspondence and other papers mostly during his active retirement years (1986-2006), with some earlier papers. The collection also contains his profusely illustrated personal journal in 12 volumes (1931-2003) that include world travels; some 70 field notebooks (1937-2006) embracing localities in the Western and Northeastern United States, in Hawaii, and some foreign locations (chiefly in India and Israel); more than a hundred original plane table maps from locales in the United States; a significant set of correspondence and papers (1956-1986) from hydrologist and sedimentologist Ralph Alger Bagnold (1896-1990), who in his own right was a pioneer in modern sedimentology and hydrology; and publications and manuscripts over the course of Leopold's multidisciplined career.

Background note

A hydrologist, geologist, engineer, meteorologist, conservationist, and environmental commentator, Luna Bergere Leopold (1915-2006) mastered profoundly important work on the human understanding of—and appreciation for—living rivers. Holding a philosophy that streams (geologists often refer to all natural waterways as streams) are orderly, integrated parts of geological and human landscapes alike, he inspired the modern field of empircally derived fluvial geomorphology, developing the theory of hydraulic geometry. Meticulous observations in the field revealed to him how the physical characteristics of streams constantly change, not only as the stream flows across the landscape but at the same locales over time, under natural and human-influenced conditions. He derived formulas for analyzing and explaining these changes. He discerned and demonstrated the interrelations of these processes, especially when aspects of human intervention interfered with natural events, which have become integral parts of urban planning around streamscapes. In this work Leopold showed that the past and future histories of streams at all scales can be interpreted and postulated through objective field measurements of valleys, the channel geometry of the flowing stream, and the physical processes working within the moving fluid.

Leopold’s life-long philosophical beliefs of nature and environment were inspired by his father, Aldo (1887-1948), a forester and one of the leaders of the wilderness/environmental movement of the 20th century. Indeed, the Aldo Leopold family as a whole embraced the ethos of understanding the world as a multifunctional system of physical and biological agents, man included. After his father’s sudden death, Luna, then a graduate student and working in Hawaii, oversaw the editing and publication of his father’s most memorable work, a collection of essays published as "A Sand County Almanac" (that had been accepted for publication under the less identifiable title, "Great Possessions"). But it was not the last of the elder Leopold’s influences on his son and the family interests.

Many have used the Aldo Leopold perspective of environment to single-sidedly support protection of living ecosystems from human-caused change. However, Luna Leopold’s decades of field studies revealed, at least in the case of rivers and streams, how multivariate mechanisms may be measured, how changes occur, and, in humanly practical terms, how urban planners can integrate such findings into programs that affect the environment. His was a disciplined, documented, and repeatable approach to examining problems that were recognized but not understood. Luna Leopold’s research focuses reveal not only the influence of his father’s environmental awareness and land ethic, but his own interdisciplinary education. He earned a B.S. in civil engineering from the University of Wisconsin at Madison (1936), an M.S. in physics and meteorology from the University of California at Los Angeles (1944), and a Ph.D. in geology from Harvard University (1950).

After receiving his bachelor’s engineering degree, Leopold worked in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Soil Conservation Service in New Mexico, 1937-1940, advancing from junior to associate engineer, and in 1941-1942 worked in the U.S. Engineers Office in Los Angeles. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army Air Force's Weather Service, 1940-1946, advancng from Private to Captain. He returned to civilian life as an associate engineer in the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation in Washington, D.C., then moved to Hawaii as Chief Meteorologist of the Pineapple Research Institute, 1946-1950. He returned again to Washington and worked in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as a hydraulic engineer, 1950-1956, finally settling into his watershed career. In 1956 he became the first Chief Hydrologist of the USGS, which position he held until 1966 when he became Senior Research Hydrologist. During his tenure in the USGS he transformed the Water Resources Division from a group of data-gatherers into an applied research arm of the USGS. In 1971 he retired from government service, which opened the way to a new career. He held a joint professorship in both the Department of Geology and Geophysics and the Department of Landscape Architecture in the University of California at Berkeley from 1973 until retiring (again) in 1986, when he was made Professor Emeritus. During his post-UCLA retirement years Leopold also worked as a consultant to local, state, and federal agencies and private organizations, including also serving as an expert witness in a federal trial that addressed effects of fluvial geomorphology.

During Leopold’s meteorologist years in Hawaii, he contributed to a corporate collection of environmental papers, "On the Rainfall of Hawaii". The theme of his paper therein, "Hawaiian Climate: Its Relation to Human and Plant Geography", unambiguously displays the quintessential Leopold, a past-to-future viewpoint that he garnered from his father and which he would apply to all of his later work, delving into the effects of the hydrologic regime on human affairs. During this time in Hawaii he participated in early experiments in cloud-seeding with dry ice as a means to promote rainfall. The photographs in his personal Journal (Series XII) from this time clearly demonstrate the meager results of a method that, once promised to be a marvel of the future, has fallen from scientific practicality.

At the outset of his career as a hydrologist, Leopold first tested the waters in a report that, as with his early field notebooks and his Hawaiian climate report, reflect the Aldo Leopold legacy of environmental change and his own proclivities for climatology, hydrology, and geomorphology. He wrote "Vegetation of Southwestern Watersheds in the Nineteenth Century" ("Geographical Review", 1951) as a revision of his doctoral dissertation from Harvard, which is still a classic work on the subject of climate change and effects on land use particularly as the result of livestock grazing in the late 1800s. He empirically debunked some long-held traditions that the American Southwest had been tall with grasses during the time of pioneer incursions, while taking note of the real strain of grazing on limited resources.

Leopold coursed the way for future generations of hydrologists and land planners in a 1953 USGS Professional Paper, "The Hydraulic Geometry of Stream Channels". His meticulous field work, done both as pure research and in response to urban planners' need for practical applications, culminated in the 1964 publication of the benchmark text, "Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology" with M. Gordon Wolman and John Miller (W.H. Freeman, 1964), a title still available in reprinted form. Other important, theoretical works include two USGS titles coauthored with hydrologist Walter B. Langbein, "River Meanders: Theory of Minimum Variance" (1966) and "River Channel Bars and Dunes: Theory of Kinematic Waves" (1968). Their theoretical work was the product of the years when Leopold and Langbein established a national program of water resources research within the USGS.

Leopold's early studies of the behavior of flowing waters, and his methods, were the bellwether and benchmark for the field of environmental hydrogeology and the special discipline of social geomorphology. Most of his field studies dealt with smaller living streams, especially intermittent arroyos and ephemeral streams in the American West and Northeast, and, more theoretically, the formational and sedimentary principles in the development of stream meanders. His selection of field areas was neither random nor so much administratively imposed, but the direct reflection of his tendency to also persue his hydrological studies as a matter of avocation in the areas where he lived; first in the environs of Washington, D.C., then in California and Wyoming. One of his most classic study sites, which he revisited for decades, was Watts Branch near Rockville, Maryland; the data acquired in field studies there figure prominently in his theoretical and applied work. Another prominent site, similarly well studied and applied, was the New Fork River near his summer cabin in Pinedale, Wyoming. Of course, Leopold's studies took him elsewhere as well in the course of his professional career under the oversight of administrators' agendas, such as another well-studied Leopold locality, the Arroyo de los Frijoles near Santa Fe, New Mexico. Data, maps, and research material pertaining to all of these localities (and numerous others) are represented throughout the Leopold Papers.

In 1965 chiefly, Leopold also pioneered the application of his methodologies to large canyonbound rivers in the American West; specifically, the Green River and San Juan River in Utah, and the Colorado River in Utah and Arizona including Cataract Canyon, Marble Canyon, and the Grand Canyon. In the Grand Canyon he was the first to demonstrate the geomorphic genesis and evolution of the rapids and pools that memorably characterize this reach of the Colorado River. These were his only excursions into detailed field work on large rivers, but they are every bit as significant to the studies of such streams as are his studies of more modest streamways, the small rivers, creeks and arroyos for which he became so well known.

Leopold acquired a private pilot's license and overflew some of his field areas (but not the canyonbound rivers), as documented in some photographs in the collection. He also took the opportunity to take landscape photographs during commercial flights both domestically and during his world travels. All told, however, his personally-taken aerial views, while they are useful, do not number many in this collection; yet they document his incessant studies of rivers and the land.

A sample of the approximately 200 of Leopold’s publications finds magisterial series of technical reports and scientific papers with detailed, informative titles; but his overarchingly comprehensive works on fluvial geomorphology have a propensity for deceptively simple titles, such as "Rivers" ("American Scientist", 1962), "Water" (Time, 1966), and "Water, Rivers and Creeks" (University Science Books, 1997). For those who may inquire of these subjects at a more introductory level, he wrote "Water: A Primer" (W.H. Freeman, 1974); or for those who seek something with immediacy in practical management applications, "Water in Environmental Planning" (W.H. Freeman, 1978), coauthored with Thomas Dunne, with whom he also devised a "Field Method for Hillslope Description" in 1971 (for the British Geomorphological Research Group). With coauthor Helene L. Baldwin, Leopold also wrote the young-reader title, "Water" (Saalfield Publishing, 1962). During 1990-1991, he was interviewed on tape by Ann Lage at the University of California at Berkeley; bound copies of the lengthy transcript were made available by UCLA's Department of Special Collections (a copy of which is present in this collection).

Leopold’s work ethos and temperament for social and physical environmental affairs did not constrain him to the defined channels of the fluvial streams he studied. Understanding that an ecosystem is a naturally defined product of many physical and biological systems, including anthrogenetic impacts, he also considered the environmental and social issues of estuarine landscapes, where water needs "to sit around for a while" rather than be shot to sea between levees, propelled by the weight of water behind dams (Opening Remarks in the State of the Estuary Conference, San Francisco, 1999). And as the village elder of world sociogeomorphology, Leopold served as a human conscience for rivers everywhere; see for example his benchmark review, "A View of the River" (Harvard University Press, 1994), "A Value in Fear: Some Rivers Remembered" ("International Journal of Wilderness", December 2000), and, with Reed Huppman and Andrew Miller, "Geomorphic Effects of Urbanization in Forty-one Years of Observation" ("Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society", September 2005). He also branched into archaeology with an important regional paper based on more of his opportunistic and avocational work in Pinedale, Wyoming, "Archaeological Trash: Geomorphology and Early Human Occupation in Wyoming", with coauthor Claudio Vita-Finzi ("Catena", 2005).

More than 70 field notebooks (Series XI) and more than a hundred original plane-table maps (Series XIX) comprise the most significant parts of the Leopold papers in this collection, spanning a remarkable seven-decade field career, 1937-2003. They are vivid testimony to the development of Leopold’s methods and ideologies.

Luna Leopold compiled a personal "Journal" (Series XII), heretofore unavailable to researchers, which may well be the most embracing picture of the man, his work, and thoughts. Eleven volumes, hand-bound by Leopold, and a twelfth volume in progress, tell his personal stories, work perspectives, and travelogues from 1931 to 2003, although the last two volumes of his "Field Notes" (Series XI) also served to document some of his personal activities and thoughts from 2001 to the day before his death in 2006. The Journals are profusely illustrated with photographs and some hand-drawn sketches; even the occasional water-color painting. Extensive handwritten and typewritten texts detail adventures, observations, concerns, and ideas. The earliest of Leopold's Journals delightfully record an observant naturalist’s eye, salting his pages with careful drawings of birds, and laying between the leaves of the book pressed plants and bird feathers. He dabbled in poetry, some of which appears in his Journals and Field Notes, as well as an unpublished small collection that he assembled in the 1990s. His Journals and Field Notes also contain diversions of musical lyrics (some of them original) and musical notations, usually for guitar.

The Field Notes range from casual observations, through the gamut of meticulous pages of field measurements and readings, to postulations of cause and effect among substrates, vectors, and volumes. Hardly restricted to dreary, clinical recitations, he reports on other matters; for example, without undue dismay the malfunction of all(!) of his fathometers on the first day of an important trip in 1963 through Cataract Canyon, Utah, soon to be flooded in its lower end by the Colorado River pooling behind Glen Canyon Dam (closed 1963). As a wandering minstrel, he breaks into long verse and tippler's humor during the seminal hydrological field trip in Grand Canyon, 1964.

The plane-table maps (Series XIX) contained in the collection are geological art compiled by Leopold and field companions and students in the team he named the "River Boys" (the field long was traditionally the realm of men, although no longer so by the time of Leopold's formal retirement). The maps not only graphically preserve the detailed measurements of the day on numerous creeks and rivers across the United States, but they record a deft hand at the alidade, using hand-driven methods with no more than a keen eye, sharp pencil, arithmetic tables, and at least one dedicated rodman moving about in the distance—or in another instance documented by a pencilled sketch, a rodman holding the tall stadia rod vertically in a canoe. In the Grand Canyon, he plotted the flowlines of whitewater rapids by using the expedition's rafts as floats, tracking them with rapid-fire plane-table measurements from shore while they ran the rapids, communicating with the boats by walkie-talkie. An artistic hand brings form rather than rude interface to stream edges, delineated by constellations of rod points and elevations. Less precise or mechanical by today’s standards of laser-ranging devices, GPS receivers, radios, and digital tablets, the Leopold maps are the original field records for important hydrogeological principles then under development, which today are the core subject of coursework in hydrology classrooms and laboratories. The maps also are in some cases the earliest known records of the hydrological and geomorphological characteristics of many stream courses, which since have been greatly altered, anew or continuously, by human activities. And in some cases, Leopold has doodled sketches on the maps, artfully depicting field equipment or observations; for example, an owl and a dutch oven.

Luna Leopold served on the Boards of Directors of the Aldo Leopold Foundation, a conservational organization established by the Leopold family, and of the Sierra Club during 1968-1971. He also had been on the Board of Trustees of the National Heritage Institute, a not-for-profit organization of conservation lawyers and scientists providing programs, legal services, and consulting on matters of social and economic importance to the environment. And his environmental interests and their application to human problems in the landscape did not diminish with passing time. Among other subjects, he wrote a cautionary 1996 report on "Sediment Problems at Three Gorges Dam", the controversial, massive dam then planned for the Yangtze River of China that went on to profoundly affect environment, cultural history, and human lives alike. He was on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Center for Conservation Biology. In 1997-1998 he was the President of the Pacific Division of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Series II in the Luna Leopold Papers comprises the 1956-1988 correspondence of RALPH ALGER BAGNOLD (1896-1990). Leopold first discovered Bagnold’s work in a second-hand book shop. An inquiry to the author led to a vigorously productive and collegial three-decade relationship between them. Bagnold's hydrological theories were field-tested by Leopold and others in the U.S. Geological Survey, which contributed to significant advances in the field and brought international recognition to Bagnold among his geological peers.

Bagnold was a kindred multidisciplinarian—soldier, explorer, engineer, theoretical hydrologist, and sedimentologist. His education was at Malvern College, the Royal Military Academy (Woolwich), and Gonville and Cayus College, Cambridge University. He was commissioned a Second Lieutennant in the Royal Engineers in 1915 and served in the trenches of France and Flanders during World War I. After the war, he was stationed in Egypt, India, and China. During his duties in Egypt in 1925, he became interested in the geomorphology of sand dunes and became an astonishingly accomplished desert explorer in North Africa, crossing the Sahara several times and enjoining similar explorations elsewhere including the Empty Quarter of the Arabian Peninsula. For his first published work, "Libyan Sands, Travel in a Dead World" (London, 1935), he received the Founders Medal of the Royal Geographical Society. He was recalled to active military service in 1939, stationed in East Africa with the Seventh Armoured Division where he formed the Long Range Desert Group, or "Desert Rats", contributing considerable field experience in military desert travel. He attained the rank of Brigadier, and in 1941 he was honored with the Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.). In 1944 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Shortly thereafter he retired from military service, after which he became Director of Research for the Shell Oil Co. He enthusiastically pursued research on the problems of shock waves and their effects on sea walls, and studied the movement of stream sediments and the movement of particles in water and air both. It was in this last field of study that he his best known as a theoretician, having forcibly removed the science of subaerial particle movement from the traditional kinematic views held by engineers.

Bagnold was the first recipient of the G.K. Warren Prize of the (U.S.) National Academy of Sciences in 1969. In 1970, he received the Penrose Medal from the Geological Society of America. He was a Fellow of the Imperial College, University of London, and in 1971 received the Wollaston Medal, Geological Society of London. In 1974 he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The International Association of Sedimentologists presented him the Sorby Medal in 1978; and he was given the David Linton Award by the British Geomorphological Research Group in 1981. He was awarded honorary D.Sc. degrees from the University of East Anglia and from the Danish University of Aarhus. His memoirs were published in "Sand, Wind and War" (University of Arizona Press, 1991). Other papers and correspondence of R.A. Bagnold are in the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge (U.K.), there comprising 12 boxes and a plan chest. [N.B.: Leopold's outgoing correspondence to Bagnold was written in longhand with no copies retained; Bagnold had not kept the correspondence he received from Leopold (fide Luna B. Leopold to "Kevin" [Thomas Kevin Cherry, Mellon Library Intern, APS], 1991, correspondence in APS Manuscripts Dept. Legal File for Leopold).]

The Bagnold family, including his wife, Penelope, formed a close relationship with the Leopold family, which is also represented in the general correspondence in this collection.

LUNA B. LEOPOLD was elected to APS membership in 1972. Among numerous other awards and honors he was the recipient of the Kirk Bryan Award of the Geological Society of America (1958); Distinguished Service Medal, U.S. Department of the Interior (1958); Veth Medal, Royal Netherlands Geographical Society (1963); medalist of the University of Liege, Belgium (1966); Cullum Medal, American Geographical Society (1968); Member, (U.S.) National Academy of Sciences (1968); Distinguished Service Citation, University of Wisconsin (1969); Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1969); Rockefeller Public Service Award (1972); Warren Prize, National Academy of Sciences (1973); "Rivers 1976" award, American Society of Civil Engineers; Fellow, California Academy of Sciences (1982); Forchheimer Foundation Senior Fellow, Hebrew University, Jerusalem (1983); Busk Medal, Royal Geographical Society (1983); Berkeley Citation, University of California (1986); David Linton Award, British Geomorphological Research Group (1986); Linsley Award, American Institute of Hydrology (1988, 1990); Henry P. Caulfield, Jr., Medal, American Water Resources Association (1991); Distinguished Career Award, Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology Division, Geological Society of America (1991); (U.S.) National Medal of Science (1991); Palladium Medal, National Audubon Socity and American Association of Engineering Societies (1991); Robert E. Horton Medal, American Geophysical Union (1993); Penrose Medal, Geological Society of America (1994); Ian Campbell Medal, American Geological Institute (2000); and, posthumously (only by his death a few months before the award ceremonies), the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Earth and Environmental Science from The Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, 2006, which was accepted by his brother, Carl.

He also received honorary degrees from several schools: D.Geogr., University of Ottawa (1970); and D.Sc. degrees from Iowa Wesleyan University (1972), University of Wisconsin at Madison (1980), St. Andrews University, Scotland (1981), and University of Murcia, Spain (1988).

Luna Leopold was born 8 October 1915 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Through his mother, Estella Bergère, he was descended from the Luna family, one of the pioneer Spanish families of New Mexico.

Leopold was first married to Caroline, with whom he had two children. The marriage ended in divorce. He married in 1973 Barbara Baker Beck, widow of Leverett Nelson. Leopold's professional and private lives were always inseparable, but even more pronounced during his working-retirement years. This is revealed by the content of his correspondence, of course, but most notably testified to by the fact that many of the salutations, even those that are professional in nature, are addressed to both "Luna and Barbara". The Leopolds opened their home in Berkeley, California, and their summer cabin in Pinedale, Wyoming, to a constant flow of guests; some were hunting and fishing friends, while many others were traveling and vacationing professionals engaged with Leopold in his avocational studies of streams near his "backyards" or who paid courtesy calls on the Leopolds. Even correspondence between members of the Leopold family (his siblings and his children) meanders from personal commentaries to discussions of various family not-for-profit foundations, professional affiliations, and business affairs.

He died 23 February 2006 in Berkeley, California. Five days earlier, he had written in his notebook, "I want to start a new book but the energy is lacking . . . ." His last notations also record that he had also been hard at work finalizing preparations for the "Leopold Conference" commemorating the environmental philosophies of his father, Aldo. His long-time colleague, coauthor and friend, Claudio Vita-Finzi of The Natural History Museum, London, was his memorialist for the Geological Society of America and the American Philosophical Society. An obituary appeared in newspapers across the country, including "The New York Times" and "The Washington Post". He was survived by his first wife, Carolyn Michaels; his children, Bruce and Madelyn, and step-children T. Leverett "Rett" Nelson and Carolyn T. "Carrie" Nelson; and three siblings, Nina Leopold Bradley, A. Carl Leopold, and Estella B. Leopold (APS 2000). His brother, A. Starker Leopold, and his second wife, Barbara, predeceased him in 1983 and 2004, respectively.

Collection information

Provenance

Gifts of Luna B. Leopold, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2003, 2005, 2006; Gift of the Estate of Luna B. Leopold, 2006; Gifts of Estella Leopold, 2015, 2016.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Luna Bergere Leopold Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Earle E. Spamer, 2011. Series II (Bagnold-Leopold Correspondence) processed by [unknown] before 2006.

General physical description

30 lin. ft.

General note

This collection comprises Luna Leopold's lifetime Journals and Field Notes, 1931-2006; otherwise the bulk of this material is his correspondences and papers during 1986-2006, after his retirement from the University of California, although some earlier papers will be found herein. Most of Leopold's correspondence and papers during 1956-1972 are likely to be found in the collections of the U.S. Geological Survey, archived by the (U.S.) National Archives and Records Administration. The bulk of correspondence and papers during 1972-1986 are with the University of California Water Resources Center Archives. An oral history with Leopold, recorded on tape, is in the Bancroft Library of the University of California; a bound transcript of this 1990-1991 interview was distributed by the Bancroft Library and a copy of that transcript is included in the present collection. (The American Philosophical Society also video recorded an interview with Leopold at his Berkeley home in 2004. This is not a part of the Leopold Papers.)

Some of the Leopold family members who have papers included in the Luna B. Leopold Papers are:

Bradley, Nina Leopold (sister); Leopold, A. Carl (brother); Leopold, A. Starker (brother); Leopold, Barbara (second wife); Leopold, Bruce C. (son); Leopold, Estella E. (sister); Leopold, Madelyn D. (daughter); Nelson, Carolyn T. (step-daughter); Nelson, T. Leverett (step-son). Leopold, Aldo (father): one artifact originally from A.L. is present in the collection.

Indexing Terms

Subject(s)

  • Geology.
  • Geomorphology--Fluvial
  • Hydrology.
  • River sediments.
  • Sediment transport.
  • Sedimentology.
Collection overview
Leopold, Luna B. (Luna Bergère), 1915-2006.
I. Correspondence
Bulk, 1986-2006; 1967-2006 5.0 Linear feet 13 boxes

Series I contains Leopold's inbound correspondence mostly during his retirement years, 1986-2006, although earlier years are modestly represented. This is mixed professional and personal correspondence from individuals; professional and personal correspondence with commercial or professional firms; and some correspondence with professional organizations, societies, and publishers. A few copies of Leopold's outbound correspondence are present in places, but as a rule there is very little outbound correspondence in this collection.

Correspondence will also be found throughout other Series in the Luna B. Leopold Papers. Leopold retained pertinent items of correspondence associated with reference and personal files, even within his manuscripts and bound collection of publications. Scope and Content notes for pertinent individual folders in this finding aid will indicate which among them include correspondence, and from whom.

Most correspondence was originally grouped in folders arranged chronologically by year, with some additional, separate folders for specific organizations or agencies. The chronological component has been arranged alphabetically for this collection. The fact that Leopold filed all of his professional and personal correspondence together tells of professional and private lives that he treated inseparably; and that he kept all, or a great deal, of it tells something of his feelings toward everyone with whom he came in touch, not to mention a consumate need to document his activities. This is revealed by the content of the correspondence, of course, but most notably testified to by the fact that many of the salutations (even those in correspondence that is professional in nature) are addressed to both "Luna and Barbara". The Leopolds opened their home in Berkeley, California, and their summer cabin in Pinedale, Wyoming, to a constant flow of guests; some were hunting and fishing friends, while many others were traveling and vacationing professionals engaged with Leopold in his avocational studies of streams near his "backyards" or who paid courtesy calls on the Leopolds.

Even correspondence between members of the Leopold family (his siblings and his children) meanders from personal commentary to attention to various family not-for-profit foundations, professional affiliations, and business affairs; sometimes in the same letter. These reasons, as well as Leopold's own preferences in filing correspondence, preclude a segregation of the personal and professional correspondence.

Quite a lot of correspondence was also found (even some of the professional correspondence) signed by its senders only by given names; another measure of the breadth of the Leopolds' circle of friends, acquaintances, and coworkers. Many of these items were not accompanied by other means of identification; for example, a full name and return address; and in fact, many items of correspondence are on photographic postcards from far-flung locales, usually overseas. Those correspondents whose surnames were known or otherwise determined through other evidence have been foldered in Subseries 1; Leopold in many cases kept the mailing envelopes, which provided these clues that otherwise would have been absent. Those correspondents who have not been determined beyond their signed given names are foldered in Subseries 2, along with correspondence whose signers have not been deciphered and unsigned correspondence.

In some cases of institutional and organizational correspondence, the items are filed under the institutional/organizational name rather than the individual from whom the correspondence was received. In these cases Leopold had been performing some activity for the institution/organization or was being informed of or inquired about some matter by them; the correspondent was the agent communicating on behalf of the institution or organization.

1967-2006 4.5 ln. ft. 11 boxes

Subseries 1 contains professional and personal correspondence received from individuals and others whose names are fully identified. In some cases, the correspondence is signed only with given names, but other evidence was available to identify the full name of the correspondent.

  0.5 ln. ft. 2 boxes

Subseries 2 contains correspondence from individuals known only by given names, along with correspondence whose signers have not been deciphered, and unsigned correspondence.

1956-1988; undated 0.5 Linear feet 2 boxes

Series II comprises the three-decade correspondence received by Leopold from British colleague Ralph A. Bagnold, prominent desert explorer, sedimentary geomorphologist of desert terrains, and theoretical hydrologist. This series was the first group of Luna Leopold Papers to be received by the APS, in 1988.

Leopold's outgoing correspondence to Bagnold was written in longhand with no copies retained; and Bagnold did not keep the correspondence he received from Leopold (fide Leopold to "Kevin" [Thomas Kevin Cherry, Mellon Library Intern, APS], 1991, correspondence in APS Manuscripts Dept. Legal File for Leopold).

Other papers and correspondence of R.A. Bagnold are in the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge (U.K.).

  0.25 Linear feet 1/2 box

Series III comprises Leopold's correspondence with organizations and professional societies, which he had segregated into separate folders. There is also some pertinent organizational correspondence that he had retained in his chronological correspondence; for which see in Series I, Subseries 1.

  0.25 Linear feet 1/2 box

Series IV comprises Leopold's correspondence with publishers, which he had segregated into separate folders. There is also some pertinent publishers' correspondence that he had retained in his chronological correspondence; for which see in Series I, Subseries 1. (Some of these other publishers' correspondence may be with commercial publishers as well as the publications arms of professional societies.)

  1.25 lin. feet 4 boxes

Series V comprises papers, records, and ephemera of a more personal and routine nature to Luna Leopold.

  

Subseries 1 includes personal materials and ephemera; correspondence is included in some files. His foreign-travel records, like his correspondence collections, do not separate personal matters from those that are professional in nature, inasmuch as Leopold took the opportunity to pursue his professional interests during what otherwise also were pleasure trips for him and his wife. It is apparent, too, that Leopold had interests in family genealogy, although none of the genealogically related papers here will be suitably informative for in-depth research by interested genealogists.

1958-2006 [intermittent] 17.0 items Box 20

Subseries 2 comprises pocket calendars and wall-hanging calendars with daily notations and records of activities, appointments, etc., for years 1958, 1975-1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1999, 2006. 17 items.

circa 1909-2006 0.25 Linear feet 1 box

Series VI comprises papers created by or otherwise related to the family of Luna Leopold; principally his father (Aldo) and his siblings.

Of special note here is the notebook cover acquired by Aldo Leopold around 1909, which was used as a temporary housing for papers such as used in the field. It is the only Aldo Leopold artifact in the Luna B. Leopold Papers. Luna Leopold acquired it after his father's death and continued to use the notebook cover in the same fashion, meticulously listing trips on which he carried it in the U.S. and around the world, 1955-2004. Luna left this notebook cover filled with materials at the time of his death, which have been removed and foldered separately (see listing).

  0.25 Linear feet 1 box

Series VII comprises correspondence and papers gathered by Barbara Beck Leopold.

  2.75 Linear feet 8 boxes, 1 vol.

Series VIII comprises Luna Leopold's subject and specific research files.

Subseries 1, General Research and Subject Files, is composed of files on various research focuses and research conducted in specific geographical areas.

Subseries 2, Gaging Stations Data File, is a separate group of files kept by Leopold that contain data that relate to specific stream-gaging stations as established by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Subseries 3 contains Leopold's separate data files that relate to his canyonbound-rivers research; specifically, Green River, Utah; Colorado River, Utah-Arizona; and Little Colorado River, Arizona (the files do not contain data for the San Juan River, Utah).

Subseries 4, Rivers Data File (California) is a separate group of files kept by Leopold that contain data that relate to California rivers.

Subseries 5, Rainfall Records contains precipitation data kept by Leopold wherever he resided, 1947-2006; although data are not recorded continuously.

Subseries 6, Dissassociated Materials, is a group of reference and research materials found loose in the Luna Leopold Papers as received.

  1.5 Linear feet

Subseries 1, General Research and Subject Files, is composed of files on various research focuses and research conducted in specific geographical areas.

  0.25 Linear feet

Subseries 2, Gaging Stations Data File, is a separate group of files kept by Leopold that contain data that relate to specific stream-gaging stations established by the U.S. Geological Survey.

  0.5 Linear feet

Subseries 3 contains Leopold's separate data files that relate to his canyonbound-rivers research; specifically, Green River, Utah; Colorado River, Utah-Arizona; and Little Colorado River, Arizona (the files do not contain data for the San Juan River, Utah).

See also Series XVIII, Films, which include one reel of silent, color motion piction film from a Green River expedition in probably October 1965; and two reels of microfilm with data sheets of velocity profiles for the Colorado River in Grand Canyon and Lake Mead, Arizona-Nevada.

  0.5 Linear feet

Subseries 4, Rivers Data File (California) is a separate group of files kept by Leopold that contain data that relate to California rivers at specific gaging stations.

  0.25 Linear feet

Subseries 5, Rainfall Records contains precipitation data kept by Leopold wherever he resided, 1947-2006, although data are not recorded continuously.

  0.25 Linear feet

Subseries 6, Dissassociated Materials, is a group of reference and research materials found loose in the Luna Leopold Papers as received.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box

Series IX comprises files that relate to consulting work performed by Leopold mostly after his retirement from the University of California in 1986.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box

Series X comprises files that relate to symposia and similar conclaves at which Leopold participated or had working interest. These include professional meetings as well as personal affairs like reunions, and affairs that pertain to the meetings of not-for-profit foundations for fests in which he had vested interests.

1937-2006 2.0 Linear feet 72 vols.

Series XI comprises the field notebooks of Luna Leopold and a few other individuals with whom he worked. They are accompanied by two indices, hand-bound by Leopold, that list localities and dates for individual notebooks. The index for notebooks 1-70 does include listings for the volumes that are absent in this collection (see below).

The enumerated series of books (as enumerated by Leopold) are uniform, standard field notebooks like those utilized by many outdoor professionals like geologists and surveyors. The notebooks are made of water-resistant materials and strongly bound for rough use. In addition to their use to record day-to-day collections of measurements and other field data, Leopold also used his notebooks to sometimes record personal information.

Sequence of field notebooks as follows: Unnumbered vol. (January 1937) placed before enumerated Vol. 1 (April-June 1937). Vols. 1-39, 41-67, 69-71 (1937-2006) Vol. 40 (1968) lost by Leopold in 1968 (but see Nos. 39-41). Vol. 68 [1996-1997 in part] absent; not received by APS.

Titles are quoted from spine titles as written by Leopold. Examinations of volumes, however, often indicate date ranges and other data that are in variance with Leopold's notations; these are indicated by alternate title listings inside square brackets.

Many notebooks include attached fold-out items. Those that are still very strongly attached remain in place. Poorly attached and loose objects have been removed, their places indicated, and moved to box at end of series, "Small Items Removed from Field Notes". Place markers have been placed inside the notebooks; removed items are accompanied by original-location notations.

1922; 1931-2003; undated 3.0 Linear feet 12 vols.

Series XII comprises Leopold's personal Journals, 1931-2003 (with a 1922 boyhood list of birds). Eleven volumes are hand-bound by Leopold; a twelfth volume in progress is held between cloth covers on loose-leaf posts, and the contents of a large envelope attached inside the rear cover that have now been removed to separate folders. The Journals tell Leopold's personal stories, work perspectives, and travelogues, although the last two volumes of his "Field Notes" (Series XI) also served to document some of his personal activities and thoughts from 2001 to the day before his death in 2006. The Journals are profusely illustrated with photographs and some hand-drawn sketches; even the occasional water-color painting. Extensive handwritten and typewritten texts detail adventures, observations, concerns, and ideas. The earliest of Leopold's Journals delightfully record an observant naturalist’s eye, salting his pages with careful drawings of birds, and laying between the leaves of the book pressed plants and bird feathers. He dabbled in poetry, some of which appears in his Journals and Field Notes, as well as an unpublished small collection that he assembled in the 1990s. His Journals and Field Notes also contain diversions of musical lyrics (some of them original) and musical notations, usually for guitar.

  1.0 Linear feet

Series XIII comprises manuscripts and some drafts of published materials by Leopold. Listings in quotation marks are Leopold's own folder titles or manuscript titles; others are descriptive based on Leopold's folder label and contents.

See "Works By Others" (Series XV) for manuscript materials written by other individuals. Also see "Leopold Family Papers" for some materials written by members of his family.

A few manuscripts have been bound into Leopold's bound set of published works (see Series XIV, Subseries 1).

  2.0 Linear feet 8 vols., 2 boxes

Series XIV comprises the published writings of Luna Leopold and occasional manuscript and related materials. (See Series XIII for the bulk of Leopold's manuscript materials.)

Subseries 1 is a series of eight volumes bound by Leopold, containing in chronological sequence his published papers between 1939 and 2003. He has in some cases bound into the sequence manuscript materials or pertinent notes. Each volume contains a bibiographical listing that embraces the volume contents.

Subseries 2 is a set of offprints and photocopies of Leopold papers that are not included within the bound set in Subseries 1.

Subseries 3 is a box containing separate volumes that were published by Leopold, which of course are not included in the bound set in Subseries 1.

  8.0 vols.

Subseries 1 is a series of eight volumes hand-bound by Leopold, containing in chronological sequence his published papers between 1939 and 2003. Volume containing Nos. 103-142 is absent; not received by APS. He has occasionally bound in manuscript materials or pertinent notes like items of correspondence. Each volume contains a bibiographical listing that embraces the volume contents, but which also indicates items that were omitted from the bound set either due to unavailability or size. Items noted by Leopold as absent from the bound volumes may or may not be included in Subseries 2, "Works By Luna B. Leopold Not Included in Bound Collection", or Subseries 3, "Works By Luna B. Leopold As Separate Volumes". All items are as received from Leopold.

See also Series XIII, Manuscripts, for some titles by Leopold that are annotated copies of working or finished drafts of published works.

1967-1992 1.0 box Box 48

No separate listing. May not be included in Leopold's main lists of publications.

  1.0 box
  1.25 Linear feet 2 boxes

Series XV comprises works written by other writers than Leopold. The material that is contained here includes volumes or offprints that were in some fashion annotated or marked by Leopold. The series includes some manuscript materials. Two special collections (those of Walter B. Langbein and Claudio Vita-Finzi, both long-time colleagues and coauthors with Leopold) include mostly complete collections of these authors' works, as assembled by Leopold.

See also Series VI, Leopold Family Papers, which includes works written by immediate members of the Leopold family.

1964-1965 2.0 Linear feet 6 boxes; 818 photos

Series XVI comprises standard 9- or 10-inch square aerial photographs taken by the U.S. Geological Survey on systematic overflights of several canyonbound rivers in the American West in 1964 and 1965. These were used in Leopold's researches on these rivers: Colorado River, Utah; San Juan River, Utah; Colorado River, Arizona (Marble and Grand Canyons). [The Green River of Utah, also studied by Leopold, is not represented in these photo sets.] These 818 photographs were disorganized when received by APS. The collection was broken down into geographically defined groups by processing archivist Earle Spamer, who is familiar with these rivers. Within each group the enumeration of photos (as automatically stamped on them during flight) is sequential; hiatuses are noted.

1938-2004 2.0 Linear feet Box 58-62

Series XVII, Photographs and Negatives, is not processed at this time; thus box numbers are not assigned although folders have been created to hold groups of photos as found grouped in Luna Leopold's papers.

Photos are mixed professional and personal content. Folders contain photo packages as grouped by Leopold; his annotations on envelopes and packages are recorded here. There is no separate catalog or record other than his annotations. Numerous photos have no specific identifications other than Leopold's general annotation for the whole roll of film or groups of films.

APS does not at this time hold digitized images of photos from the Luna B. Leopold Papers, nor are there photographic prints of the negatives except those that were received from Leopold. Some folders thus contain only negatives, which have not either been printed or digitized at this time. The collection has no digital imagery as created by or received by Leopold; everything is in the form of negatives and prints.

Photos will also be found throughout the Luna B. Leopold Papers. Those that accompanied correspondence, or which Leopold included with research and reference files, among other kinds of files, will be found with those items. Scope and Content notes for pertinent files that include photos indicate which among them have such material.

  0.25 Linear feet 1 box

Series XVIII contains a reel of motion-picture film and two reels of microfilm, as described.

1950-1986 2.0 box 2 boxes (oversize); 119 items Box OS-2, OS-3

Series XIX (Oversize) comprises a set of 119 plane table maps by Leopold and others, from work conducted in the American West and Northeast.

Uniform, generalized titles are shown in the list. Scope and Contents Notes for each map quote map titles as actually written on maps, along names of the mapping teams.

Maps are arranged in chronological order to facilitate use with Leopold's Field Notes (Series XI); they were not in any particular arrangement when received by APS. Arranging maps in geographical order was imprudent due to the inclusion of multiple locales on some maps.

  9.0 folders

Oversize, folded material located in folders throughout the collection have been removed from their original folders and placed in the Oversize collection. Place markers have been placed inside the original folders; removed items are accompanied by original-location notations.

  6.0 folders

Extra-Oversize, folded material located in folders throughout the collection have been removed from their original folders and placed in the Extra-Oversize collection. Place markers have been placed inside the original folders; removed items are accompanied by original-location notations. In a few cases, the entire contents of folders have been moved; in which cases the original-location folders are kept as place markers and annotated accordingly.



Detailed Inventory
Leopold, Luna B. (Luna Bergère), 1915-2006.
I. Correspondence
Bulk, 1986-2006; 1967-2006 5.0 Linear feet 13 boxes

Series I contains Leopold's inbound correspondence mostly during his retirement years, 1986-2006, although earlier years are modestly represented. This is mixed professional and personal correspondence from individuals; professional and personal correspondence with commercial or professional firms; and some correspondence with professional organizations, societies, and publishers. A few copies of Leopold's outbound correspondence are present in places, but as a rule there is very little outbound correspondence in this collection.

Correspondence will also be found throughout other Series in the Luna B. Leopold Papers. Leopold retained pertinent items of correspondence associated with reference and personal files, even within his manuscripts and bound collection of publications. Scope and Content notes for pertinent individual folders in this finding aid will indicate which among them include correspondence, and from whom.

Most correspondence was originally grouped in folders arranged chronologically by year, with some additional, separate folders for specific organizations or agencies. The chronological component has been arranged alphabetically for this collection. The fact that Leopold filed all of his professional and personal correspondence together tells of professional and private lives that he treated inseparably; and that he kept all, or a great deal, of it tells something of his feelings toward everyone with whom he came in touch, not to mention a consumate need to document his activities. This is revealed by the content of the correspondence, of course, but most notably testified to by the fact that many of the salutations (even those in correspondence that is professional in nature) are addressed to both "Luna and Barbara". The Leopolds opened their home in Berkeley, California, and their summer cabin in Pinedale, Wyoming, to a constant flow of guests; some were hunting and fishing friends, while many others were traveling and vacationing professionals engaged with Leopold in his avocational studies of streams near his "backyards" or who paid courtesy calls on the Leopolds.

Even correspondence between members of the Leopold family (his siblings and his children) meanders from personal commentary to attention to various family not-for-profit foundations, professional affiliations, and business affairs; sometimes in the same letter. These reasons, as well as Leopold's own preferences in filing correspondence, preclude a segregation of the personal and professional correspondence.

Quite a lot of correspondence was also found (even some of the professional correspondence) signed by its senders only by given names; another measure of the breadth of the Leopolds' circle of friends, acquaintances, and coworkers. Many of these items were not accompanied by other means of identification; for example, a full name and return address; and in fact, many items of correspondence are on photographic postcards from far-flung locales, usually overseas. Those correspondents whose surnames were known or otherwise determined through other evidence have been foldered in Subseries 1; Leopold in many cases kept the mailing envelopes, which provided these clues that otherwise would have been absent. Those correspondents who have not been determined beyond their signed given names are foldered in Subseries 2, along with correspondence whose signers have not been deciphered and unsigned correspondence.

In some cases of institutional and organizational correspondence, the items are filed under the institutional/organizational name rather than the individual from whom the correspondence was received. In these cases Leopold had been performing some activity for the institution/organization or was being informed of or inquired about some matter by them; the correspondent was the agent communicating on behalf of the institution or organization.

1. Correspondence Identified by Full Names
1967-2006 4.5 ln. ft. 11 boxes

Subseries 1 contains professional and personal correspondence received from individuals and others whose names are fully identified. In some cases, the correspondence is signed only with given names, but other evidence was available to identify the full name of the correspondent.

Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989.
Abbey, Edward
1985 Box 1
Adams, Jean
1989 Box 1
Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
1980 Box 1
Alberts, Bruce
1993 Box 1
Aldo Leopold Elementary School (Madison, Wisconsin)
1987 Box 1
Aldo Leopold Shack Foundation
1982-1994 Box 1
Aldo Leopold Society (Institute of Ecosystem Studies)
1994 Box 1
Allen, Clarence R.
2000 Box 1
Allen, Henry M.
1991 Box 1
Allen, Julia C.
undated Box 1
Allen, Robert
1980 Box 1
Alter, Harvey
1985 Box 1
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1993 Box 1
American Geographical Society
1988 Box 1
American Geological Institute
2000 Box 1
American Geophysical Union
1978-2000 Box 1
American Institute of Hydrology
1987-1993 Box 1
American Philosophical Society
1978-2006; undated Box 1
"American Scientist"
1978 Box 1
American Society of Civil Engineers
1992-1994 Box 1
American Water Resources Association
1990-1998 Box 1
American Wilderness Alliance
1981-1986 Box 1
Amundson, Ronald
1995 Box 1
Andrews, Edmund D.
1986 Box 1
"Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences"
1997, 2002 Box 1
Applied Ecological Services
1989, 1992 Box 1
Aráuz, Rodolfo
1986-1987 Box 1
Archives of Contemporary Scientists
1992 Box 1
Asherwood Environmental Science Center
1998 Box 1
Association of Engineering Geologists
2000 Box 1
Association of Retired Soil Conservation Employees
1999 Box 1
Atkin, Barbara
1989 Box 1
Australian Water Resources Council
1978 Box 1
Averett, Robert C.
1983-1990 Box 1
Averitt, Neil
2002 Box 1
Babbitt, Bruce E., 1938-.
Babbitt, Bruce
2000 Box 1
Babulski, Katrina
1996 Box 1
Badash, Roger
1998 Box 1
Bagnold, Dorothy Plank
undated Box 1
Bagnold, Stephen
1999 Box 1
Baier, Carol
1994 Box 1
Baker, Linda F.
2003 Box 1
Baker, Victor R.
1980 Box 1
Balch, Philip G.
2000 Box 1
Baldwin, Kenneth
1988 Box 1
Bally London Shoe Co. Ltd.
1986 Box 1
Bancroft School
1984 Box 1
Barber, Teri Jo
1999 Box 1
Barker, Margaret L.
1986; undated Box 1
Barnes, Kathryn
1990 Box 1
Barnett, Franklyn M.
1986 Box 1
Barth, Gilbert
2000 Box 1
Bathurst, James C.
1978 Box 1
Batisse, Claude
1978-2004 Box 1
Batisse, Laurence
undated Box 1
Bay Institute (The)
1988 Box 1
Beard, Daniel D.
1999 Box 1
Beck, Frances
undated Box 1
Bedini, Silvio A.
2001 Box 1
Beer, Charles G.
1983 Box 1
Behr, Peter H.
1983 Box 1
Behrman, Robert A.
1994 Box 1
Bell, Kevin
1986 Box 1
Belt, Charles B., Jr.
1978-1994 Box 1
Bender, Richard
1986 Box 1
Bengeyfield, Peter
1999 Box 1
Berger, Antony R.
1994-1995 Box 1
Berger, Michael
1989 Box 1
Berkeley-Albany Municipal Court (California)
1982 Box 1
Berkeley Committee to Keep Jets Over the Bay
1997 Box 1
Berkeley Garden Club
1987-1988 Box 1
Berkeley Repertory Theatre
2004 Box 1
Bern, Marshall
1988 Box 1
Berry, Phillip S.
1989 Box 1
Berry & Berry, Law Offices
1986 Box 1
Biblical Archaeology Society
2005 Box 1
Bigler Cole, Heidi
2000 Box 1
Binder, Randy
1990 Box 1
Birt, Christine
1996 Box 1
Bjock, Jack
1976 Box 1
Blanpied, Karen and Eric
1993 Box 1
Black, Martha
1989 Box 1
Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc.
1986 Box 1
Bluck, Brian J.
1980 Box 1
Boal, Gillian
2005 Box 2
Bogost, Meyer S.
1988 Box 2
Bohlen, Steve
1997 Box 2
Bookey, Natalie
undated Box 2
Boudreau, E. H.
1992 Box 2
Bourland, Tom
1993 Box 2
Bradley, Charles
1988, 1993 Box 2

Includes pressed leaf.

Bradley, David and Lil
undated 
Bradley, Nina Leopold
1980-2006; undated Box 2

Includes photos.

Bradley, William C.
1999 Box 2
Brady, Valerie
2000 Box 2
Brandywine Conservancy
1994 Box 2
Bredehoeft, John D.
1988 Box 2
Briggs, Robert O.
1989-2000 Box 2
British Geomorphological Research Group
1986 Box 2
British-German Symposium in Geomorpology
1981 Box 2
Brower, Barbara
1994 Box 2
Brown, Mary Lou
1992 Box 2
Brown, Perry J.
1998 Box 2
Brown, Polly L.
1985 Box 2
Brownlie, William R.
1980 Box 2
Bryan, Rorke
1987; undated Box 2
Bull, William B.
1988-1994; undated Box 2
Bunte, Kristin
1999 Box 2
Burbank, Jay
1987 Box 2
Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture
undated Box 2
Burt, James E.
2002 Box 2
Burzlander, Doris
2001 Box 2
Butler, Paul
1985, 1999-2000 Box 2
Bagnold, Stephen
1999 Box 2
Buttimer, Anne
1989 Box 2
Buzea, Dan C.
1978 Box 2
California. Department of Forestry
1982-1987 Box 2
California. Governor-Elect, Office of
1998 Box 2
California. Governor's Office of Emergency Services
1998 Box 2
California Academy of Sciences
1996 Box 2
California First Bank
1986 Box 2
California Institute of Technology
1986 Box 2
California Tahoe Conservancy
1997 Box 2
Callicott, J. Baird
1986 Box 2
Campbell, Charles R.
undated Box 2
Campbell, Chris
undated Box 2
Campbell, Christy
1986 Box 2
Campbell, Karin
1993 Box 2
Campbell, Kathleen
1994; undated Box 2
Camrud, Jo
2000 Box 2
"Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences"
1981 Box 2
Carney, John Otis
1984 Box 2
"Catena"
1993 Box 2
Catron, Tom
1992 Box 2
Christensen, Martha
1976 Box 2
Church, Michael
1993, 2005; undated Box 2
Churchill, Jason
1992 Box 2
Citizen Ambassador Program
1993 Box 2
Clarke, Grayson and Frank
1983, 1986, 2000-2001 Box 2
Climatology Research Group
1997 Box 2
Cloern, James E.
1999 Box 2
Coalition to Restore Urban Waters, Southwest Region
1997 Box 2
Coates, Donald R.
1988-1989 Box 2
Coe, Robert
1978 Box 2
"CoEvolution Quarterly"
1978 Box 2
Cohen, Philip
1988 Box 2
Cole, Charles W.
undated Box 2
Cole, Geoff
1983 Box 2
Collins, Brian
1988 Box 2
Collins, Dolores (Mrs. John L. Collins)
1979, 1986 Box 2
Collins, Genna
undated Box 2
Collins, Joshua N.
1993 Box 2
Collins, William Wirt, Jr. (Mr. and Mrs.)
1980 Box 2
Colophon Hand Bookbindery
1986 Box 2
Columbia University Press
1985 Box 2
Conaway, James
1999 Box 3
Conkey, Meg
undated Box 3
Conn, Kathe
1999 Box 3
Corbett, H. Roger, Jr.
1988, 1993 Box 3
Cosmos Club
1985, 1990 Box 3
Costa, John E.
1986 Box 3
Council on Environmental Quality (Executive Office of the President [United States])
1980 Box 3
Cragwall, Joseph S.
1988 Box 3
Crausaz, Winston
1989 Box 3
Crosby, Alexander L.
1967, 1978-1979 Box 3
Crowell, John C.
1997 Box 3
Curry, Jean Warren
1978 Box 3
Dahlke, John
1998-2005 Box 3

Includes photos.

Darpino, Mark N.
1999 Box 3
David, Liz
1993 Box 3
Dawdy, David R.
1980-2005 Box 3
Delk, Robert
2000 Box 3
Dello Russo, Regina E.
1998 Box 3
Dellums, Ronald V.
1993 Box 3
DePaolo, Don
1990 Box 3
Dietrich, William E.
1986 Box 3
Doll, Barbara
2002 Box 3
Douglas, Robert F.
2001-2002 Box 3
Dove, Louise E.
2002 Box 3
Dover Publications, Inc.
1994 Box 3
Doyle, Martin W.
2004 Box 3
Dream Garden Press
1989 Box 3
Dubois, Mark
undated Box 3
Dudley, James C.
1984 Box 3
Dugere, David (Mrs.)
1990 Box 3
Duke University. Graduate School
1992-1993 Box 3
Dunne, Bettylou (Sherry, Bettylou)
1980-2004; undated Box 3
Duane, Thomas
1987, 2000 Box 3
Dury, George H.
1980 Box 3
Dushek, George
1985 Box 3
"Earth Surface Processes"
1978 Box 3
Earthjustice
2004 Box 3
East Bay Municipal Utility District (California)
1993, 2000 Box 3
Eaton, Gordon P.
1994 Box 3
Ecological Cities Project
2000-2001 Box 3
Ecological Society of America
1999 Box 3
Edgebrook Conference (University of California at Berkeley)
1980 Box 3
Edmondson, W. T.
1980 Box 3
Elder, William
1996 Box 3
Elfring, Chris
1992 Box 3
Elliott-Fisk, Deborah
1994 Box 3
Elsevier Science Publishers
1985 Box 3
El-Zur, Arieh
2001 Box 3
Emmett, William W.
1978-2005 Box 3
"Encyclopedia of the Environment"
1992-1993 Box 3
Environmental Action Committee of West Marin (California)
1997 Box 3
Environmental Law and Policy Center of the Midwest
2000 Box 3
Environmental Law Institute
1992-1996 Box 3
Euphrat, Fred
2000 Box 3
Faber, Phyllis M.
1986 Box 3
Fahnestock, Robert K.
1978 Box 3
Falconer, Kay
1988 Box 3
Fandek, John
1998 Box 3
Federation of Fly Fishers
2004 Box 3
Feiss, Julian W.
1979 Box 3
Feldman, Mark
2000, 2005 Box 3
Fiedler, Albert G.
1990 Box 3
First Wisconsin National Bank of Madison
1986 Box 3
Fletcher, Colin
1988 Box 3
Florsheim, Joan
2004 Box 3
Foland, Sara S.
1999 Box 4
Foley & Lardner
1985 Box 4
Forani-Wills, L.
1977 Box 4
Forbes, William
1993, 2000 Box 4
Ford Foundation
1989 Box 4
Foundation of Fine Coins
1980 Box 4
Francis, Carolyn F.
1985 Box 4
Frank, Laurence
1989 Box 4
Frankonia-Jagd, Hofmann and Co.
undated Box 4
Freeman, Cooper and Co.
1989 Box 4
Freson, George
2000 Box 4
Frexes, Patrica J.
1980 Box 4
Friends of Creeks in Urban Settings (F.O.C.U.S.)
1987 Box 4
Friends of the Earth
1991 Box 4
Friends of the Napa River
1998 Box 4

Includes photo.

Frissell, Chris
1987 Box 4
Frome, Michael
2004 Box 4
Galbraith, Alan F.
1980, 1989 Box 4
Gallistel, Albert F.
1982-1997; undated Box 4

Includes photos (35mm transparencies).

García-Ruiz, José M.
1988 Box 4
Garden Club of America
1981 Box 4
Gardner, Tom (Gardner, Vernon T.)
1991-1993 Box 4
Garnett, William
1986 Box 4
Gary, Walter J.
1996 Box 4
Gellis, Allen
1998-1999 Box 4
Geological Society of America
1978-2005 Box 4
George Allen & Unwin
1980 Box 4
Gerson, Hadassah
1990 Box 4
Ghibaudo, Guido
2001 Box 4
Gibbons, Boyd
1979, 1992; undated Box 4
Gibbs M. Smith, Inc.
1986-1987 Box 4
Gill, Harriet
1981 Box 4
Gillam, Mary
undated Box 4
Girdharry, Lila M. (Leverson)
undated Box 4
Goldman, Steve
1999 Box 4
Goodwin, Peter
1983, 1989, 1997 Box 4
Golden Gate Audubon Society
undated Box 4
Goolsby, Ann
1980 Box 4
Goren-Inbar, Naama
2004 Box 4
Gracie, James W.
1989-1990 Box 4
Graf, William L.
1994 Box 4
Graves, John
1981 Box 4
"Gray's Sporting Journal"
1979 Box 4
Greater Yellowstone Coalition
1986-1990 Box 4
Green River Valley Land Trust
2001 Box 4
Greenman, David W.
1987 Box 4
Griebenow, Kevin
1996 Box 4
Grissinger, Earl H.
1980 Box 4
Groat, Charles G.
2003 Box 4
Grossinger, Robin
2002 Box 4
Groundwater Resources Association
2005 Box 4
Gupta, Avijit
1998 Box 4
Gustafson, Chris
1999 Box 4
Hack, John T.
circa 1983 Box 4
Hadley, Richard F.
1998 Box 4
Haible, Will
1988 Box 4
Half Moon Bar Lodge
1983 Box 4
Hall, Francis R.
1984 Box 4
Hall, Stephen A.
1988 Box 4
Halprin, David
1980 Box 4
Halton, Connie
undated Box 4
Hanna, Frances (Mrs. Warren Hanna)
1988 Box 4
Harberg, Mark C.
1999 Box 4
Harrelson, Cheryl
1993, 2005 Box 4
Hart, John
2003 Box 4
Hart, M.
2000 Box 4
Hartman, Elizabeth
2000 Box 4
Harvard University Press
1994 Box 4
Harvey, Adrian
1994; undated Box 4
Harvey, Mark
1988 Box 4
Harwood, M. M.
1980 Box 4
Haynes, Vance
1996-1997, 2005 Box 4
Heckman, Mark
1986 Box 4
Hedgpeth, Joel W.
1989 Box 4
Hegemann, Ingeborg E.
1980 Box 4
Heinz, Dion L.
1987 Box 4
Henningson, Durham and Richardson, Sciences Division
1980 Box 4
Hereford, Richard
1999 Box 4
Hey, R. D.
1980 Box 4
Hickenbottom, Jennifer A. S.
undated Box 4
"High Country News"
1987, 1989 Box 4
Hill, Elizabeth
1994 Box 4

Includes correspondence from Dawdy, David R.

Hirsch, Mary
1985 Box 4
Hitchcock, Bert
1984-1985 Box 4
Holt, John W.
1993 Box 5
Holz, Bernard
2001 Box 5
Hotchkiss, William R.
1993 Box 5
Houck, John
2000 Box 5
Howard, Alan D.
undated Box 5
Hudson, Hugh H.
1988 Box 5
Huebner, Betty (Mrs. John M. Heubner)
  Box 5
Hunt, Allen S., and Stewart, Dion C.
1978 Box 5
Hunt, Sarah
2001 Box 5

Includes photo.

Huppman, L. Reed
1992 Box 5
Hustedde, Heddy N. R.
1996 Box 5
Hynes, Andrew
1989 Box 5
Ichim, Ioniţă
1989 Box 5
Idaho. Department of Environmental Quality
2001 Box 5
Inbar, Meshe
1980, 1985, 2004 Box 5
Institute for Environment and Natural Resource Research and Policy
1994 Box 5
Institute for Environmental Studies, Instructional Program
1980 Box 5
Institute for Sustainable Development
1996, 1998 Box 5
Institute on Man and Science
1980; undated Box 5
International Conference on Guidelines for Natural Channel Systems, 1st
1994 Box 5
International Crane Foundation
2000 Box 5
"International Journal of Wilderness"
2001 Box 5
International Mountain Watershed Symposium Committee
1990 Box 5
International Rivers Network
1996, 2005; undated Box 5
International Symposium on Erosion and Sediment Transport Measurement (Florence, June 1981)
1980 Box 5
Irwin, Charles E.
1982 Box 5
"Isis"
2000 Box 5
Island Press
1998 Box 5
Jackson Hole Allilance for Responsible Planning
1986 Box 5
Jackson Hole Historical Center and Museum
1988 Box 5
"Jackson Hole News"
2002 Box 5
Jackson, Roscoe G., II
1978 Box 5
Janik, Vincent M.
2000 Box 5
Jaworski, Cheryl
1978 Box 5
Johansen, Finn Roger
1990 Box 5
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
1999 Box 5
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
1980 Box 5
John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
2000 Box 5
Johns Hopkins University Press
1986 Box 5
Johnson, Huey D.
circa January 1984 Box 5
Johnson, R. Roy
1978 Box 5
Jones, Eloisa Brown
1982 Box 5
Jorgensen, Carl
1982 Box 5
"Journal of Hydrology"
2005 Box 5
Kanivetsky, Roman
2006 Box 5
Karp, Frances R. (Mrs. Howard Karp)
1993 Box 5
Karr, James R.
1993 Box 5

Includes correspondence: Karr, James R. and Leopold, Luna B. to Clinton, William Jefferson (U.S. President).

Kattelmann, Richard
1994, 2000 Box 5
Katzel, Mitchell
1996 Box 5
Kaufman, Sharon
1984 Box 5
Kazanski, Christopher
2000; undated Box 5

This is correspondence from Luna Leopold's young grandson.

Kazanski, Clare
2002, 2005; undated Box 5
Kazanski, Claude
1985, 2000-2005 Box 5

Includes photos.

Keller, Ed
circa 1998 Box 5
Kelly, Tom
1988, 1990 Box 5
Kenney, Bergere A.
1977, 1984 Box 5
Kenney, John J.
1981 Box 5
Keurs, Dorothy and John
1988 Box 5
Kinney, John E.
1985 Box 5
Kisin, Vitaly
1993 Box 5
Knight, Richard L.
1998 Box 5
Knox, James C.
1999, 2003 Box 5
Kohler, Kirby
undated Box 5
Kojan, Gene
1976 May Box 5

"Conversation with Gene Kojan May 1976" (notes by Luna Leopold).

Komar, Paul D.
1989 Box 5
Korb, Jim
2001 Box 5
Koziol, Leslie
undated Box 5
Lafler, Laura
1978 Box 5
Lage, Ann
1992 Box 5
LaMoreaux, Philip E.
2005 Box 5
Landres, Peter
1997 Box 5
Landstrom, Karl
1986 Box 5
Lange, Becky
1990 Box 5

Includes correspondence: Lange, Becky to Nicholls, James, 1990.

Larabee, Linda
undated Box 5
Le Fever and Sons
1987 Box 5
Ledin, Barb (Mrs. John Ledin)
1985 Box 5
Leng, Jane and Bob
2004 Box 5
Lennette, David A.
1996 Box 5
Leopold, A. Carl
1978-2005; undated Box 6
Leopold, A. Starker
1980-1981 Box 6
Leopold, Barbara (Mrs. Luna B. Leopold)
1983, 1998; undated Box 6
Leopold, Bruce C.
1980-1987; undated Box 6

See also: Oversize Box 1, Folder 0 [zero].

Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture
1988, 1990 Box 6
Leopold Education Project
1998 Box 6
Leopold, Estella B.
1978-2005; undated Box 6

Includes items of correspondence of Wright, Vim (Wright, Violet Crane).

Leopold, Frederic
1978-1988; undated Box 6
Leopold, Kayce Ridgeway
1981 Box 6
Leopold, Lynn (Mrs. A. Carl Leopold)
undated Box 6
Leopold, Madelyn (Mrs. Claude Kazanski)
1979, 1985, 2000-2005; undated Box 6

Includes correspondence of Kazanski, Claude.

Leverhulme Trust (The)
2005 Box 6
Levin, Sheldon M.
2005 Box 6
Liberty and Co. Ltd.
1980 Box 6
López-Bermúdez, Francsico
1989, 1997 Box 6

Includes photos (35mm transparencies).

López-Calle [Family]
2003 Box 6

Includes photo (laser print on paper).

Lowham, Hugh W.
1985 Box 6
Lucchitta, Ivo and Barbel
1998-2002 Box 6
Mackay, Ross
1993 Box 6
Maddock, Thomas, Jr.
1987 Box 6
Mah, Bertwing C.
1985 Box 6
Maher, Leah M.
1985 Box 6
Marshall, W. Robert
1980 Box 6
Marshall, Winifred
1993 Box 6
Marston, Richard A.
1998 Box 6
Martino, Victor
1994 Box 6
Marzolf, G. Richard
1990, 1992 Box 6
Martinez Regional Land Trust
1992 Box 6
May Gallery (The)
1984; undated Box 6

Includes photos of works of art.

McBain, Scott
2002-2004 Box 6

Includes photos (laser prints on paper).

McBride, Joe R.
1985, 2004 Box 6
McCabe, Robert A.
1980, 1985-1987 Box 6
McClelland, Pam
2000 Box 6
McCormick, Katherine
1989 Box 6
McGinty, Ken
2003 Box 6
McGraw-Hill Book Co.
1978, 1999 Box 6
McHarg, Ian
1987 Box 6
McKee, Rusty C. (McKee, Joe)
undated Box 6
McKnighty, Diane
1994 Box 6
McKusick, Vincent L.
2003 Box 6
McLaughlin, Sylvia C.
1994, 2000-2004; undated Box 6

Includes photo.

McPhee, John
1989 Box 6
Medellin, Margaret
2000 Box 6
Metcalf-Gardipé, Carol M.
2002, 2005 Box 6
Meunier, Ami/Amy
1989; undated Box 6
Miller, Andrew J.
1994 Box 6
Miller, Bradley
undated Box 6
Miller, David H.
1988 Box 6
Miller, Laura C.
1975, 1976, 1983 Box 6
Mimouni, Omar
1984 Box 6
Minnis, Mark Gordon and Mary Beth (Allen)
1984 Box 6
Mitsubishi International Corporation
1996 Box 6

Correspondence from Motohiko Numaguchi, President, in response to Leopold comments [no copy here] on proposed San Ignacio Sal facility, Mexico.

Montague, Megan
2005 Box 6
Montgomery, Roger
undated Box 6
Movshovitz-Hader, Nitsa
1997 Box 6
Mudge, Shaw
1989 Box 6
Muir, Mark P.
undated Box 6
Mulvey, Trish
2005 Box 6
Museum of the Mountain Man
2000 Box 6