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Abstract

A gifted mathematician, Polish-born Stanislaw Ulam made contributions to set theory, topology, mathematical logic, and number theory, but is most widely remembered for his work in fostering the technical development of thermonuclear weapons. He was associated with Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories for most of the years between 1943 and 1965, and thereafter with the University of Colorado. These papers include personal and professional correspondence, manuscripts of both published and unpublished works, and memorabilia.

Background note

Stanislaw Ulam was gifted mathematician who, during the course of his career, made significant contributions to set theory, topology, ergodic theory, probability, cellular automata theory, the study of nonlinear processes, the function of real variables, mathematical logic, and number theory. Perhaps his greatest achievement was the development of the Monte Carlo method for solving complex mathematical problems by electronic random sampling, but he made equally noteworthy contributions in hydrodynamics (three-dimensional fluid flow), the development of nuclear propulsion for space flight (Project Orion), and in fields as disparate as physics, biology, and astronomy. Yet despite the breadth of his scholarship, Ulam is most often remembered for the central role he played in the early development of the American hydrogen bomb.

Stanislaw Marcin Ulam was born in Lwów, Poland on April 13, 1909. The son of Jozef Ulam, a lawyer, and Anna Auerbach, the daughter of an industrialist, Ulam developed an enthusiasm for astronomy and physics while still in his teens that led him into the serious study of mathematics. Enrolling at the Lwów Polytechnic Institute in 1927, he received his bachelor's (1931), master's (1932), and doctoral degrees in rapid succession (1933), intending on an academic career. Following receipt of his degree and a tour of Europe during which he visited mathematicians and scientists in Vienna, Zurich, Paris, and Cambridge, Ulam received an invitation from fellow mathematician, John von Neumann, to become a visiting scholar for three months at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. There, he met G. D. Birkhoff, who brought him to Harvard to become one of the earliest members of the Society of Fellows (1936-1939) and later, lecturer (1940). During his five years in Cambridge, Ulam traveled back and forth between Poland and the States, and shortly after he suffered the death of his mother, his younger brother, Adam, was sent to join Stan in America. Adam was encouraged to enroll at Brown University, where Stanislaw was engaged in substitute teaching a graduate course on the theory of functions of several real variables.

In 1940, Ulam accepted a position as instructor at the University of Wisconsin, and quickly earned promotion to assistant professor. Both personally and professionally, his years in Wisconsin were eventful, beginning more than a decade of intense activity and life change. In an effort to enlist in the military in 1943, Ulam became a U.S. citizen, and in that same year, he married Françoise Aron, a French exchange student at Mount Holyoke College, whom he had met in Cambridge. The Ulams had one child, Claire, born in 1944. Although he taught mathematics courses to Army and Navy recruits, Ulam believed that he could contribute more directly and significantly to the war effort, and early in the autumn, 1943, John von Neumann again interceded in Ulam's life. Meeting furtively at a railroad station in Chicago, von Neumann convinced Ulam to join an unidentified, war-related project, and with the added urging of physicist Hans Bethe, Ulam agreed. Within a few months, he and his family moved to Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories (LASL), N.M., to begin work on the Manhattan Project.

Assigned to physicist Edward Teller's group, a unit of the scientific corps led by Enrico Fermi, Ulam set to work on the hydrodynamics of implosion, in preparation for construction of the atomic bomb. His key insight into the development of the fusion bomb may have been the recognition that compression of the nuclear material was necessary to produce an explosion, and that mechanical shock waves generated by a fission bomb could produce the force necessary. He later also struggled through the mathematical physics that set the stage for theoretical work in preparation of a "super" bomb - Teller's proposed thermonuclear hydrogen bomb. After this initial work on Teller's problem, Ulam co-authored a report on multiplicative branching processes with David Hawkins -- a philosopher and non-professional mathematician and physicist at Los Alamos -- and C. J. Everett, a professor from the University of Wisconsin. This important paper marked some of the earliest work in branching process theory, a sub-field of probability theory. Yet as often proved true in his life, his academic successes were accompanied by personal misfortunes. While Ulam contributed to the completion of work at LASL in 1945, he learned of the loss of his entire immediate family in Poland at the hands of the Nazis: his father, uncle, sister, and brother-in-law were killed. Only his brother Adam, who had matriculated at Brown University in 1940, survived.

With the war ended, Ulam hoped for a return to a more conventional academic career. Doubting his chances for promotion and tenure at Wisconsin, he accepted a teaching position at the University of Southern California during the fall, 1945. Shortly after his arrival in Los Angeles, however, he was struck by a mysterious illness -- later diagnosed as viral encephalitis - which was treated by a highly risky surgical procedure. Friends and colleagues noted that the illness and treatment seemed to affect Ulam's personality, and more profoundly, his approach to mathematical problem solving. After his recovery, they noted, he appeared to use his imagination more when searching for new mathematical ideas, and to rely less on his own technical solutions, and more on the hard work of others. The increasing fertility of his imagination was counterbalanced by a reluctance to delve into the technical details. Ulam's convalescence required a leave of absence from USC, during which he was invited to attend a secret conference at LASL in April, 1946, to discuss the development of Teller's thermonuclear bomb. Having played an important role in solving the technical problems associated with the development of the atomic bomb, he was asked to resume work at LASL on the development of the H-bomb. Associating Los Angeles with his illness, Ulam was willing to leave, and he once again resumed his work in the desert. While involved in research at LASL, he developed the Monte Carlo method, by which solutions to mathematical and physical problems are solved through random sampling. The Monte Carlo method became known as one of Ulam's most significant achievements, and he lectured on the subject frequently.

The reputation that surrounds Edward Teller and Ulam as "fathers of the hydrogen bomb" was solidified by their work during the early 1950s. In February, 1950, Ulam conclusively demonstrated that the amount of tritium Teller had estimated as necessary for his "classic super" design was insufficient, suggesting that only limited progress was possible within the parameters of the original super plan. Von Neumann confirmed Ulam's results through calculations run on the Princeton computer, one of the earliest electronic computing machines of its kind, and by April, 1950, Ulam had developed an alternative configuration, which he published jointly with Teller as a classified paper. Ulam's configuration proved to be a turning point in the development of the H-bomb, making possible the first thermonuclear reactions and the "Mike" test at Bikini Atoll in November, 1952.

After completing this phase of work at Los Alamos, Ulam was employed at Harvard, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of California as a visiting professor from 1951-1956, before returning to LASL in 1957 to become research advisor to the director of the laboratory. He remained in that position until his retirement in 1965, though until his death in 1984, he continued to consult for Los Alamos. From 1965-1975, Ulam also held the chair of the mathematics department at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and for a portion of his tenure there, he was professor of biomathematics at the University of Colorado Medical School. Ulam continued to be actively involved in government science after the completion of his work on the H-bomb. His involvement with Project Rover at LASL resulted in the design of a nuclear-reactor rocket, while his work with Project Orion focused on the nuclear propulsion of a space vehicle. Under the Kennedy administration, he became involved in the nation's space program as a member to the President's Scientific Advisory Committee, the Air Force Space Planning Committee, and General Twining's Air Force Committee. He was also retained as a consultant by such companies as IBM, General Atomic, the North American Aviation Corporation, and Hycon Corporation, as well as the Neurosciences Institute of the Rockefeller University. Among Ulam's professional publications are several books and more than 150 articles in professional journals reflecting his diverse work in mathematics, theoretical physics, and mathematical biology. Among these are A collection of mathematical problems (N.Y., 1960), a collaboration with fellow mathematician Mark Kac entitled Mathematics and Logic (N.Y., 1968), Stanislaw Ulam: sets, numbers, universes (Cambridge, 1974), and his autobiography Adventures of a mathematician (N.Y., 1976). The Scottish book was finally edited by R. Daniel Mauldin and published in 1982 after Ulam had distributed typescripts of the notebook to colleagues in the scientific community as early as 1957. This collection of unsolved mathematical problems was initially compiled in the Scottish Cafe in Poland before World War II by Ulam and fellow mathematicians, including his former graduate advisor, Stefan Banach. Works in progress at the time of Ulam's death in 1984 included "Problem Book II," the second volume to his Collection of mathematical problems. These number and breadth of these publications underscore Ulam's influence on many branches of twentieth century mathematics, as well as his signature application of theoretical and technological research to the sciences.

Ulam's memberships in professional and learned societies included the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the American Physical Society, the American Mathematical Society, the Mathematical Association of America, the Polish Mathematical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also asked to serve on the board of governors for the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, and the Jurzykowski Foundation in New York. Ulam was honored with such awards as the Sierpinski Medal, the Polish Millennium Prize, and the Polish American Congress Heritage Award, and was named the John von Neumann Lecturer of the Society of Applied and Industrial Mathematics. In recognition of his mathematical and scientific achievements, Ulam was awarded honorary degrees by the University of New Mexico (1965), the University of Pittsburgh (1978), and the University of Wisconsin (1978). Stanislaw Marcin Ulam died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, on May 13, 1984. He was seventy-five.

Scope and content

The Stanislaw Marcin Ulam Papers (1916-1984) contain diverse materials documenting the personal life and career of a creative mathematician and key figure in the technical development of America's nuclear weaponry. The collection documents nearly the entirety of Ulam's life, but the core of the collection reflects the years after his arrival in the United States in 1935, and particularly after he began as a researcher at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories in 1945. From 1935 on, Ulam was heavily engaged in publication, teaching, consulting, and traveling as a visiting lecturer at universities and scientific symposia, and most importantly, he was involved in the development of the atomic and hydrogen bombs.

The Ulam Papers constitute a rich resources for study of the early years of nuclear weapon development in the United States, and though it is relatively lacking in technical scientific detail, the webs of relationships.

Ulam's professional correspondence with fellow scientists as well as his original research materials are also noteworthy aspects of the papers.

The papers (75 boxes; 35.75 linear feet) are divided into fifteen series:

Series I. Professional correspondence, 1932-1986(33 boxes; 15.5 linear feet)
Series II. Personal correspondence, 1936-1979(1 box; 0.5 linear feet)
Series III. Polish materials, 1935-1984(1 box; 0.5 linear feet)
Series IV. Subject files, ca.1945-1983(3 boxes; 1.5 linear feet)
Series V. Research notes, 1934-1983(4 boxes; 2 linear feet)
Series VI. Calendars and address books, 1934-1984(4 boxes; 2 linear feet)
Series VII. Talks and interviews, 1937-1984(4 boxes; 2 linear feet)
Series VIII. Unpublished works, 1932-1984(3 boxes; 1.5 linear feet)
Series IX. Published works, 1944?-1984(9 boxes; 4.5 linear feet)
Series X. Class notes, 1936-1981(2 boxes; 1 linear foot)
Series XI. Student notes and papers, ca.1938-1976(1 box; 0.5 linear feet)
Series XII. Miscellaneous, memorabilia, and newspapers, 1916-1983(2 boxes; 1 linear foot)
Series XIII. Photographs and film, 1930-1984(1 box, 1 film; 0.5 linear feet)
Series XIV. Audiotape recordings, ca.1955-1982(1 box, 21 tapes; 0.5 linear feet)
Series XV. Miscellaneous reprints, manuscripts, and journals, 1938-1986(3 boxes; 1.5 linear feet)

Collection information

Provenance

The Ulam Papers were donated to the APS on December 4 1987 and January 1988 by Ulam's wife, Françoise (accession no. 1987-1928ms).

Additional letters and postcards, largely written by Stanislaw Ulam and his wife, Françoise, to John C. Oxtoby were given to the Library by Jean Oxtoby (Mrs. John C.) in January, 1995 (1995-38ms). These items have been filed with the rest of the John C. Oxtoby correspondence in Series I of the Papers.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Stanislaw Ulam Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Martin Levitt, Elaine M. McCluskey, and Timothy T. Wilson July, 1996 (Revised rsc 2002).

Separated material

Audiotapes have been removed for storage to the APS recordings library (rec. 151).

Related material

The APS houses several collections that document the history of the development of the atomic bomb, including the papers of Henry DeWolf Smyth, E.U. Condon, and John A. Wheeler for the physics of A-bomb development, and Curt Stern and James V. Neel relating to the genetics.

Bibliography

Necia Grant Cooper, ed., From Cardinals to Chaos: Reflection on the Life and Legacy of Stanislaw Ulam (Cambridge, 1989), pp. 313-317, provides a complete bibliography of Ulam's work.

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • Princeton University.
  • University of Colorado
  • University of Wisconsin.

Genre(s)

  • Audiotapes
  • Photographs

Personal Name(s)

  • Banach, Stefan, 1892-1945
  • Bellman , Richard, 1920-1984
  • Bethe, Hans A., (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005
  • Birkhoff, Garrett, 1911-1966
  • Borsuk, Karol
  • Bradbury, Norris
  • Erdös, Paul, 1913-1996
  • Everett, C. J. (Cornelius Joseph), 1914-
  • Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954
  • Feynman, Richard P., (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988
  • Frisch, Otto Robert, 1904-1979
  • Gamow, George, 1904-1968
  • Gardner, Martin, 1914-2010
  • Godel, Kurt
  • Kac, Mark
  • Kelly, Paul J.
  • Kistiakowsky, George B., (George Bogdan), 1900-1982
  • Kuratowski, Kazimierz, 1896-
  • Lomnicki, Zbigniew A.
  • Mandelbrot, Benoit B.
  • Mazur, Stanislaw
  • Metropolis, N. (Nicholas), 1915-
  • Mycielski, Jan, 1932
  • Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
  • Oxtoby, John C.
  • Pasta, John
  • Rabi, I. I., (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988
  • Rota, Gian-Carlo, 1932-1999
  • Schrandt, Robert
  • Seaborg, Glenn Theodore, 1912-
  • Segrè, Emilio Gino, 1905-1989
  • Sierpinski, Waclaw, 1882-1969
  • Stein, Myron
  • Stein, Paul
  • Steinhaus, Hugo, 1887-1972
  • Stone, Marshall H., (Marshall Harvey), 1903-1989
  • Tarski, Alfred
  • Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
  • Ulam, Stanislaw M. (Stanislaw Marcin), 1909-1985
  • Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963
  • Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957
  • Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002
  • Zygmun, Antoni

Subject(s)

  • Atomic bomb
  • Chess
  • Computers
  • Hydrogen bomb
  • Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
  • Manhattan Project (U.S.)
  • Mathematical physics
  • Mathematics
  • Mathematics--Study and teaching
  • Number theory
  • Physics
  • Poles--United States
  • Set theory
  • Topology
  • World War, 1939-1945
Collection overview
  15.5 Linear feet 33 boxes

Incoming and outgoing manuscript and typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Ulam's professional career. Series I is the largest series of the collection and is rather evenly distributed through the years. Space permitting, short papers, reprints, and (occasionally) photographs have been retained in the correspondent's file, if the papers is referred to in the correspondence.

Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and chronologically within each file, with unidentified correspondence filed as "Unknown," arranged chronologically. The correspondence is primarily in English, though there is a significant portion in Polish, French, German and Russian; non-English language references are noted in the container listing. Most letters in foreign languages are addressed to Ulam; his replies are generally in English.

Among Ulam's correspondents are mathematicians, scientists, current and former students, officials of various organizations and institutions, historians, publishers, and admirers. The range of subjects is equally diverse, ranging from professional, technical discussuions in mathematics and physics to chess, computers, publications, invitations to lecture, Ulam's early years in the U.S., Harvard University, University of Wisconsin, and University of Colorado, WWII, Poland and world events, work at Los Alamos, fan mail, and letters of recommendation by Ulam for students and colleagues.

The most significant portion of this series is comprised of Ulam's correspondence with mathematicians and scientists, including some very valuable correspondence with and about John von Neumann. Von Neumann's contributions to mathematics and computing figure prominently in Ulam's correspondence and writings (Series VIII and IX). As Ulam was in contact with a few generations of mathematicians in both the U.S. and Poland, his correspondence provides an interesting record of the evolution of mathematics in both countries. Ulam also corresponded with a number of American politicians throughout his career, including senators Clinton P. Anderson, Howard H. Baker, Jr., and Edmund S. Muskie. Researchers may find that some professional correspondence unexpectedly lacks scientific substance. This is most apparent in the correspondence between Ulam and certain famous colleagues, whose letters are valuable primarily for their signatures.

The correspondence relating to Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is scattered throughout the series and is largely composed of administrative memoranda. Ulam's work at LASL constitutes another area of surprising weakness: in some cases, the name of a correspondent associated with the laboratory suggests that valuable technical information on the development of nuclear weapons is available in their file. Unfortunately, much of this kind of professional correspondence was classified at LASL and never left the site. What remains, however, does reflect the management of LASL, and is therefore of some interest.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box

Letters, postcards, and telegrams to Ulam from various family members and friends from Poland and the United States. Manuscripts are arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and chronologically within each file. The bulk of the material dates from 1936 to the beginning of World War II, while Ulam was teaching at Harvard University. A significant portion of this series is in Polish, and the subjects have not been determined.

The collective family correspondence (2 folders) is potentially of some biographical interest. While in many cases the writers have not been identified, it appears that Ulam's father, Jozef, is a regular participant in these group letters as they most often appear on his Lwów law office letterhead. Perhaps the most poignant English-language letter from Series II is one written by a cousin, Juliusz (Julek) Ulam, in March 16, 1945, informing Ulam that his immediate family, including father, sister, brother-in-law, and uncle "all fell from the hands of the Nazis." One of the most vivid features of the personal correspondence is surely the depiction of life in Poland before the outbreak of World War II.

  0.53 Linear feet 1 box

Untranslated correspondence, early mathematical notes, and miscellaneous Polish newspaper articles dating from Ulam's first months at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton through the end of his life. Series III houses a significant portion of the Polish correspondence found throughout the collection, except for Polish letters with identified correspondents. These can be found in the alphabetical arrangement of Series I and II. Mathematical notes in this series include some of Ulam's early studies in mathematics, before he began working primarily in English. These original research documents are the most noteworthy aspects of this series. There are also a few notes in the hand of unidentified Polish colleagues. All notes of Series III remain undated, as do most of the Polish newspaper clippings.

  1.5 Linear feet 3 boxes

Diverse materials dating from Ulam's initial involvements at LASL through his final years of life, arranged alphabetically by topic. While many of the files hold correspondence relating to specific subjects of interest to Ulam, there are various other materials, such as information booklets, scientific symposium agendas, proposals, and miscellaneous documents. Many of the files reflect Ulam's participation in learned and professional societies and events in the scientific community. Some of the larger subject files contain Ulam's invitations to lecture at universities and societies, National Science Foundation proposals submitted to Ulam for review, and letters of recommendation for graduate students. Among the files of particular interest are several containing information on LASL. This is noted on the container listing.

  2.0 Linear feet 4 boxes

Ulam's original, unclassified research papers divided into two formats: notebooks and note pads (1934-1983) and unbound loose notes (1937-1983). Both groups are arranged chronologically, reflecting the major movements of Ulam's career from research notes made in Poland, through his positions at American universities and LASL. The notes relate to Ulam's personal research interests, rather than notes prepared for class lectures (which are housed separately in Series X). Forty notebooks and note pads as well as twenty-three folders of loose notes, graphs, and computer printouts on paper provide an overview of the research and mathematical problems that were the focus of Ulam's work throughout his lifetime. Much of the scientific and mathematical notation is unlabeled or undated.

  2.0 Linear feet 4 boxes

Volumes that were maintained by Ulam, spanning a significant portion of his lifetime. Calendars are most valuable as detailed records of Ulam's daily appointments, correspondence, and may include short mathematical notes. They appear in a variety of formats, including pocket, desk, and wall calendars, with pocket calendars often divided into four volumes per year. Some calendars are incomplete, due to the fact that Ulam removed pages to write notes and reminders, and in many cases, entire volumes from a year of pocket calendars are missing. Twelve address books are filed at the end of the series and mainly contain entries for fellow mathematicians and scientists. All volumes are arranged chronologically when the date has been ascertained, the remainder are grouped at the end of the series.

  2.0 Linear feet 4 boxes

Outlines, notes, diagrams, abstracts, announcements, autograph manuscript and typescript drafts, and final transcripts of Ulam's extensive talks and interviews given during his life. Most of the talks represented in this series date from the middle to the end of Ulam's career (1950s-1980s), with the bulk falling during the 1960s and 1970s, with outlines of talks, discussions, and seminars predominating. Giving these "talks," as Ulam referred to them, came to be one of the most time-consuming activities in the scientific community during the latter part of his career. The talks and interviews of this series are arranged alphabetically by the title provided by Ulam. In many cases, the materials are identified only with a city as title; consequently, a number of the talks are filed alphabetically by the city in which they were given. Unidentified talks are located in four folders labeled "miscellaneous notes/outlines."

Transcripts of audio-taped interviews with Ulam and colleagues are also housed in Series VII. Transcripts are interfiled alphabetically by title with other materials in the series, except when the name of the interviewer (usually an author preparing an article) has been identified. Such transcripts are located under the interviewer's name. Among the most noteworthy "interviews" is a transcript of a conversation between Ulam and long-time friend and collaborator, Gian-Carlo Rota. This transcript, in two parts, documents fifteen anecdotal conversations covering a wide range of topics, including thoughts on mathematics, philosophy, and John von Neumann.

  1.5 Linear feet 3 boxes

Notes, graphs, data charts, outlines, abstracts, and autograph and typescript texts generated by Ulam during his many years of mathematical research. Writings are arranged alphabetically by title. This series represents the bulk of Ulam's research which was not published in its present form, but retained as a record of his works in progress. The earliest material of the series is Ulam's 1932 master's thesis for the Lwów Polytechnic Institute in Poland. The original manuscript of this work in Polish, entitled "O operacje produkto," was translated into English in 1973 as "On the operation of product." Both versions of the thesis are filed here.

Box 2 consists entirely of notes, miscellaneous research material, and drafts for Ulam's second volume to the 1960 edition of A Collection of Mathematical Problems. Because Ulam passed away while this companion piece was in progress, the drafts were never published in the form intended. An index card file from Series VIII holding "problems for Problem Book II" is stored at the end of the collection.

  4.5 Linear feet 9 boxes

Autograph and typescript drafts, notes, outlines and printers' proofs. Relevant correspondence having to do with some items has been kept in this series when appropriate. Some drafts have marginalia and some have been edited by others; these notes appear in the container listing. The earliest item in this series is from 1944[?] on the theory of multiplicative processes. Of note in the series is an autograph outline on the possibility of initiating a thermonuclear reaction in deuterium. Also of interest are the notes on colleagues from Adventures of a Mathematician, some of which remained unpublished, drafts of the Scottish Book, and John von Neumann's obituary. The most recent item is a draft of Science, Computers and People which was edited by Gian-Carlo Rota in 1984.

  1.0 Linear feet 2 boxes

Notes prepared and given by Ulam as a university professor at Harvard, the University of Wisconsin, and elsewhere. Class notes take the form of lecture notebooks and unbound loose notes, course and seminar outlines, problem sets, and exams. The series is arranged chronologically, with the physical description (i.e. "notebook") and subject (if known) of the materials as folder headings. Most class notebooks were created in the early part of Ulam's teaching career (1936-1946). This series is of interest mainly as a record of the areas in mathematics Ulam taught as a young professor.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box

Notebooks and papers generated by students in Ulam's university classes. Files are arranged alphabetically by student's name. Most students of this series appear to have attended Ulam's classes in mathematics at the University of Wisconsin.

  1.0 Linear feet 2 boxes

A variety of materials collected by Ulam which pertain to a wide range of his lifelong interests. This very diverse series is arranged alphabetically by folder heading and contains such personal memorabilia as Ulam's collection of business and calling cards, his Polish passport, and his petition for naturalization in the U.S. Many files reflect the major concerns of Ulam's career, including those relating to LASL, the atomic bomb, the H-bomb controversy (between Teller and Oppenheimer), and his visiting lectures. Newspapers documenting important events in Ulam's life are included in this series. The file (labeled "newspapers") is arranged chronologically and contains substantial contemporary information of interest to Ulam. Other newspapers are housed in other "memorabilia" files, which Ulam arranged by topic during his lifetime. For example, the August 6, 1945 issue of the Santa Fe New Mexican reporting the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima is filed with miscellaneous memorabilia dating 1945-1948.

Life at Los Alamos during and after World War II is documented by Series XII. Community newsletters, family tour guide booklets, an early map of Project "Y," and war ration booklets used on the site are some of the interesting materials from the series which reflect everyday life at Los Alamos. The earliest item from the entire Ulam collection is found within this series; a 1916 street scene of Ulam's hometown, Lwów, Poland, has been preserved within his collection of postcards.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box, 1 film

Photographs and negatives, a scrapbook, and three films. The photographs of Ulam, family members, colleagues, places, and events are arranged alphabetically by subject (by last name if the subjects are people) and within each file chronologically. Most of these items are in black and white, and are evenly divided in sizes from 3x5" to 8x10", with a few very small (1x1") or larger (10x12") items. The earliest photograph is of the Lwów Mathematical Conference held in 1930; the latest is of Ulam's 75th birthday party in 1984. A number of scientists are depicted in this series, including Banach, Bethe, Borsuk, Erdös, Fermi, Gamow, Kac, von Karman, and von Neumann. Most of the photographs of Ulam are portraits, some formal, other informal. There is one picture of a very young Ulam (1932) in what appears to be swimming attire. The photographs in the scrapbook are arranged as received, and are in neither chronological nor alphabetical order. The dates covered range from a 1947 photograph of a collage involving a portrait of Ulam created for George Gamow (photographed by Jim Lilienthal) to a number of photographs from 1964 which depict the Dahlgren lecture, the Weizmann dinner, and a Parade Magazine article. The scrapbook includes several interesting images, including an aerial shot of Los Alamos, "The Lodge" at Los Alamos, Laura [Fermi?], von Karman and Bradbury, and Claire and Françoise Ulam.

There are three 16mm motion picture films, the first of which is titled "Measure and set theory," with a running time of fifty minutes. In this lecture, filmed in conjunction with the Mathematical Association of America in 1966, Ulam outlines the basic principles of measure and set theory including additive or aggregate measures. The other films are "32 stars with r=0.4" (4-inch reel, dated May 25, 1967, and an unidentified film (3-inch reel) which may be a continuation of the "32 stars" film. "Measure and set theory" is stored at the end of the collection.

  0.5 Linear feet 1 box, 21 tapes

Audiotapes have been removed from the main collection for storage, and have been assigned call no. Rec. 151. Recordings are primarily of lectures and interviews. See the container listing for further information.

This audio collection is comprised of an eclectic group of audio formats. There are four (4) 7" reel-to-reel tapes, four (4) 5" reel-to-reel tapes, three (3) 4" reel-to-reel tapes, one (1) 3" reel-to-reel tape (lacks box), and six (6) cassettes. In addition, there are three (3) unboxed 3 3/8" diameter reels. This last group is unidentified, but may be computer data stored on magnetic tape. As none of the tapes were played at the time the collection was processed, and as box/reel labels were often incomplete or lacking, no arrangement has been imposed on the tapes at this time. All reel-to-reel tape is 1/4". One 5" reel (designated "e") is stored in a 7" box.

  1.5 Linear feet 3 boxes

Arranged alphabetically by author. Several folders are filed by journal title when the entire issue is of interest or by title of article when the author is unknown. Most of the materials of this series are reprints, photocopies, typescripts, or autograph manuscripts of scientific papers and reviews prepared by Ulam's colleagues. Notes, data, and abstracts of these papers are filed here as well. It should be noted that Ulam's reprints of journal articles are located in this series, not with the manuscripts of his other published works in Series IX. Some journals containing an article of scientific interest to Ulam, usually dealing with nuclear bombs or LASL, have been saved intact. Rather than removing the specific article, these journals remain as a complete issue and are filed under the author's name. In cases where the entire journal issue appears to have been of interest to Ulam, the journal has been filed by title.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Professional correspondence, 1932-1986
  15.5 Linear feet 33 boxes

Incoming and outgoing manuscript and typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Ulam's professional career. Series I is the largest series of the collection and is rather evenly distributed through the years. Space permitting, short papers, reprints, and (occasionally) photographs have been retained in the correspondent's file, if the papers is referred to in the correspondence.

Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and chronologically within each file, with unidentified correspondence filed as "Unknown," arranged chronologically. The correspondence is primarily in English, though there is a significant portion in Polish, French, German and Russian; non-English language references are noted in the container listing. Most letters in foreign languages are addressed to Ulam; his replies are generally in English.

Among Ulam's correspondents are mathematicians, scientists, current and former students, officials of various organizations and institutions, historians, publishers, and admirers. The range of subjects is equally diverse, ranging from professional, technical discussuions in mathematics and physics to chess, computers, publications, invitations to lecture, Ulam's early years in the U.S., Harvard University, University of Wisconsin, and University of Colorado, WWII, Poland and world events, work at Los Alamos, fan mail, and letters of recommendation by Ulam for students and colleagues.

The most significant portion of this series is comprised of Ulam's correspondence with mathematicians and scientists, including some very valuable correspondence with and about John von Neumann. Von Neumann's contributions to mathematics and computing figure prominently in Ulam's correspondence and writings (Series VIII and IX). As Ulam was in contact with a few generations of mathematicians in both the U.S. and Poland, his correspondence provides an interesting record of the evolution of mathematics in both countries. Ulam also corresponded with a number of American politicians throughout his career, including senators Clinton P. Anderson, Howard H. Baker, Jr., and Edmund S. Muskie. Researchers may find that some professional correspondence unexpectedly lacks scientific substance. This is most apparent in the correspondence between Ulam and certain famous colleagues, whose letters are valuable primarily for their signatures.

The correspondence relating to Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is scattered throughout the series and is largely composed of administrative memoranda. Ulam's work at LASL constitutes another area of surprising weakness: in some cases, the name of a correspondent associated with the laboratory suggests that valuable technical information on the development of nuclear weapons is available in their file. Unfortunately, much of this kind of professional correspondence was classified at LASL and never left the site. What remains, however, does reflect the management of LASL, and is therefore of some interest.

Abbott, Lois Ann
1971-1977 Box Series I-1
Abbott, Richard L.
1975 Box Series I-1
Abelson, Philip H.
1973 Box Series I-1

Carnegie Inst. of Washington

Ablowitz, Mark J.
1980-1982 Box Series I-1
Abraham, Ralph
1977 Box Series I-1
Academic Press
1965-1970 Box Series I-1
Adams, Arthur S.
1962 Box Series I-1
Adams, C. R.
1936 Box Series I-1
Addison, John W., Jr.
1957 Box Series I-1

hierarchies, constructibility

Addison-Wesley Publishing, Co.
[1973]-1978 Box Series I-1

Heinlein, Lore Herbert, Pembroke

Adler, [?]
1944 Box Series I-1
Adomian, G[eorge]
1979 Box Series I-1
Agins, Barnett R.
1970 Box Series I-1

interdisciplinary research in math-physics grant

Agnew, Harold
1971-1983 Box Series I-1

Richard L. Garwin speech

Agnew, John
1970 Box Series I-1
Agnew, Ralph P.
1950-1952; n.d. Box Series I-1

Morse, Anthony P.

Ahlfors, Lars V.
1951 Box Series I-1
Aiserman, Mark
1966 Box Series I-1
Akemann, Charles A.
1978 Box Series I-1
Akl, D.
1977 Box Series I-1
Aladyev, V.
1972 Box Series I-1
Alavi, Yousef
1972 Box Series I-1
Albers, Robert J.
1971 Box Series I-1
Albertson, R. D.
1982 Box Series I-1
Al-Dhahir, M. W.
1980 Box Series I-1
Aldrich, W. Tyler, Jr.
1959 Box Series I-1

escorts' responsibilities at Los Alamos

Alexander, Gary
1964-1965 Box Series I-1
Alexanderson, G. L.
1983 Box Series I-1
Alexandroff, Paul
1935 Box Series I-1

In French

Allen, Donald R.
1969 Box Series I-1

Prime numbers

Allen, Jerry
1966 Box Series I-1

Harold Liebowitz

Allen, John Ed
1980-1981 Box Series I-1
Allen, Peter S.
1969 Box Series I-1
Allen, Phillip M.
1967 Box Series I-1

bio-mathematics

Allendoerfer, Carl B.
1952 Box Series I-1
Allred, John C.
1958-1977 Box Series I-1
Alpern, Steve
1973-1982 Box Series I-1

homeomorphisms

Altman, M.
1975 Box Series I-1
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1957 Box Series I-1

Election Billings, Bruce H. Burnes, Ralph W.

American Academy for the Advancement of Science
1976 Box Series I-1

Botts, Truman Carey, William D. Hlavaty, Julius H. Knuth, Donald E. Levin, Simon A. Sterling, Daniel J.

American Council of Polish Cultural Clubs
1967 Box Series I-1

Turowski, Florence

American Mathematical Monthly, The
1959-1971 Box Series I-1

Andree, Richard V. Berge, Claude Drasin, David

American Mathematical Society
1957-1977 Box Series I-1

Colvin, B. H. Durst, Lincoln Green, John W. Lin, C. C. Pitcher, Everett Reynolds, Margaret Swanson, Ellen E. Walker, Gordon L.

committee work

American Scholar, The
1977 Box Series I-1

Jones, Jean

von Neumann article

Amouyal, A.
1965-1966 Box Series I-1
Anderson, Clinton P.
  Box Series I-1
Folder #1
1955-1964 Box Series I-1

H-bomb development, nuclear propulsion, Kennedy visit, moon observatory

Folder #2
1965-1971 Box Series I-1

ROVER, ROVER Boyer, Keith

Folder #3
n.d. Box Series I-1

Shepley & Blair's Hydrogen Bomb

Anderson, Ken
1972 Box Series I-1
Anderson, P. W.
1967 Box Series I-1
Anderson, R. Christian
1970-1979 Box Series I-1
Anderson, R. D.
1957-1959 Box Series I-1

homeomorphisms; Scottish Book

Andersson, Rolf
1973 Box Series I-1
Ankeny, Barbara H.
1975-1976 Box Series I-1

M.I.T. Press

Annual Review of Biophysics and Bioengineering
1967-1971 Box Series I-1

Handley, Jacqueline Morales, Manuel West, Charles A.

Archer, E. James
1965-1966 Box Series I-1
Argo, Harold V.
  Box Series I-1

- See Ser.I, Metropolis, Nicholas

Armstrong, J. L.
1958 Box Series I-1
Arnold, H. H.
1977 Box Series I-1

Univ. of CO centennial medallion

Arnold, J. R.
1959 Box Series I-1
Arnowitt, Richard
  Box Series I-1

- See Ser.I, Desen, Stanley

Arsove, Maynard G
1959 Box Series I-1
Artin, E.
1956; n.d. Box Series I-1

telescope

Artin, Natascha
n.d. Box Series I-1
Artur, Csetényi
1973 Box Series I-1
Ascher, Edgar
1972 Box Series I-1
Ashenhurst, Robert L.
1971 Box Series I-1
Ashmore, Harry S.
1964-1967 Box Series I-1

Encyclopedia Britannica

Mathematics & Logic article

Asimov, Daniel
1967 Box Series I-1
Askey, Dick
1976 Box Series I-1
Astin, Allen V.
1974-1975 Box Series I-1

National Academy of Sciences

Atiyah, Michael
1972 Box Series I-1

Princeton talk

Augenstein, Bruno W.
1963-1983 Box Series I-1

wave mechanics

Aulicino, John V.
1976 Box Series I-1
Ault, J. Burchenal
1983 Box Series I-1
Avula, Xavier J. R.
1981-1982 Box Series I-1
Ayres, W. L.
1945 Box Series I-1
Baade, W.
1949 Box Series I-2
Babai, L.
  Box Series I-2

-See Hajnal, A.

Bacal, Jacob
1976 Box Series I-2
Baclawski, Kenneth
1973 Box Series I-2
Baer, Reinhold
1948-1971 Box Series I-2

endomorphisms

Bagby, Philip
1940?-1951 Box Series I-2

SMU job search, biology, physics

Baggett, Larry (Lawrence)
1967 Box Series I-2
Bailey, Daniel E.
1966 Box Series I-2

SMU calendar -See also Ser.I, Manning, Thurston E.

Bailey, Herbert S., Jr.
1955-1956 Box Series I-2

re: Coll. Of Math. Problems Princeton University Press

Bailey, J. A.
1964 Box Series I-2
Baird, Bridget
1971-1979 Box Series I-2
Baker, Howard H., Jr.
1967 Box Series I-2

Senate committee on tech. & human environment For originals, see Ser.I, Muskie, Edmund S.

Baker, William O.
1965 Box Series I-2

Bell Telephone Laboratories

Bakowski, [Alois]
n.d. Box Series I-2

In Polish

Baldridge, Jack
n.d. Box Series I-2
Bales, Verna
1965 Box Series I-2
Ball, B. J.
1966 Box Series I-2

New Scottish Book

[Ball], B. L.
1976-1977 Box Series I-2
Ballen, Samuel B.
1976-1983 Box Series I-2

corrections to Shatterer of Worlds Ulam, Alex[ander] -See also Ser.I, Strauss, Peter

Ballwag, R. A.
1962-1963 Box Series I-2
Banach, Stefan (1892-1945)
1937-1977; n.d. Box Series I-2

Some in Polish Steinhaus speech

Banach, Stefan, Jr.
1960-1974 Box Series I-2

Some in Polish

Barcellos, Anthony
1979-1981 Box Series I-2

Interview

Barell, John F.
1976 Box Series I-2
Barner, Martin
1975 Box Series I-2
Barnes, J. C.
1961-1963 Box Series I-2

Hycon, civil def., laser glass

Barres, Peter Marshall
1981 Box Series I-2
Barrett, John H.
1958-1959 Box Series I-2
Barrett, Lida K.
1973 Box Series I-2
Barrows, Robert Guy
1976 Box Series I-2

Adventures film

Bartholomay, Anthony
1960-1972 Box Series I-2
Bartlett, A. A.
1978-1983 Box Series I-2

-See also Ser.I, Gamow, George

Bartoszynski, Robert
  Box Series I-2

-See Ser.I, Olech, Czeslaw

Barut, Asim
1966-1983;n.d. Box Series I-2

Gamow lectures

Bass, Robert W.
1957 Box Series I-2
Basu, D.
1969 Box Series I-2
Bateman, P. T.
1965 Box Series I-2

integers divisible by 3 Hoolim, Haar

Batty, Peter
1974-1975 Box Series I-2

Film on H-bomb

Baumgartner, James E.
1969 Box Series I-2
Bauer, F. W.
1977 Box Series I-2
Bazley, Norman W.
1971-1972; n.d. Box Series I-2

Pimbley, George

Beadles, [Don]
1977 Box Series I-2
Bebernes, Jerrold
1967-1977 Box Series I-2

Mate, Attila

Beck, J. I. (Mrs.)
1968 Box Series I-2
Beck, Patricia D.
1980-1981 Box Series I-2
Beckenbach, E. F.
1958-1959 Box Series I-2

Math for engineer

Bednarek, A[l]. R.
  Box Series I-2
Folder #1
1970-1975 Box Series I-2

Aomic projective algebra Millsaps, K. T.

Folder #2
1976-1983; n.d. Box Series I-2
Begle, E. G.
1956-1967 Box Series I-2
Behan, J. F.
1959 Box Series I-2
Belcher, P. F.
1958-1959 Box Series I-2

Los Alamos security violations -See also Ser.I, Brillouin, Leon

Bell, Clifford
1958-1959 Box Series I-2
Bell, George I.
1964-1977; n.d. Box Series I-2

Biophysics, biomathematics

Bellman, Richard
  Box Series I-2
Folder #1
1944-1966 Box Series I-2

Probability, functional equat., learning process Birkhoff, Garrett Cairns, S. S. Lefschetz, S. Coll. of Math. Problems

Folder #2
1967-1983 Box Series I-2

Mathematical Biosciences jrnl.

Folder #3
n.d. Box Series I-2

Life after WWII

Bello, Francis
1964; n.d. Box Series I-2

Genealogy, computers

Beltrami, Edward
1960 Box Series I-2
Benbow, [?]
1942 Box Series I-2

Army mathematics

BenDaniel, David J.
1980-1983 Box Series I-2

Set theory See Mycielski, Jan

Benesch, Marie
1940 Box Series I-2

In German

Bennett, Albert B., Jr.
1977 Box Series I-2
Benson, Ann
1976 Box Series I-2
Benson, Sidney W.
1976 Box Series I-2
Beraha, Sami
1962-1968 Box Series I-3

inversion of matrices

Berg, Murray
1964 Box Series I-3
Berge, Claude
1971-1981 Box Series I-3

Deza, M. Las Vergnas, M. Rosenstiehl, P. See American Mathematical Monthly

Berger, Agnes
1976 Box Series I-3
Bergman, George M.
1961 Box Series I-3

Product automorphisms

Bergman, Stefan
1955-1962 Box Series I-3
Berkeley, Edmund S.
1957 Box Series I-3
Berresford, Geoffrey C.
1978 Box Series I-3
Bers, Lipman
1957-1983 Box Series I-3
Besombes, Gilles D.
1978-1981? Box Series I-3
Bethe, Hans
  Box Series I-3

See Peierls, R. E.

Betts, A. W.
1946-1947 Box Series I-3

Los Alamos housing, forms for employment, requests and badges

Beyer, Ann
1976 Box Series I-3
Beyer, William A.
1955-1975; n.d. Box Series I-3

visual hulls, difference equations See Smith, Temple F.

Bhargava, T. N.
1975-1976 Box Series I-3
Bharucha-Reid, A. T.
1960 Box Series I-3
Bialynicki-Birula, A.
  Box Series I-3

See Piskorek, Adam

Bialynicki-Birula, Iwo
1977 Box Series I-3

Some in Polish

Bielski, Mark
1979 Box Series I-3

Gawlinska, Halina

Bing, R. H.
1948-1975 Box Series I-3
Birkhauser Boston, Inc.
1980-1983 Box Series I-3

re: publication of The Scottish Book Albers, Donald J. Cabell, Stephanie Kellam-Scott, Barbara Klein, Lauren T. Klump, Will Peters, Klaus

Birkhoff, Garrett
  Box Series I-3
Folder #1
1936-1952 Box Series I-3

Los Alamos clearance, Carson Mark, poem on GB., AEC clearance, Harvard, American-Soviet Friendship Committee Everett, C. J. See Bellman, Richard See Borgese, Elizabeth Mann See Price, G. Baley

Folder #2
1953-1956 Box Series I-3

Hydrodynamics, jet calculations, Coll. of Math. Problems, Lebesque measure Pasta, John

Folder #3
1957-1967 Box Series I-3

Nomination to NAS, George Birkhoff prize, synthetic materials for computers, von Neumann article, hydrodynamics Burington, Richard S. Green, John W. McShane, E. James Price, G. Baley Tuve, Merle Walsh, Joseph L. Wigner, Eugene P.

Folder #4
1968-1982 Box Series I-3

On Heims' "John von Neumann and Norbert Weiner" Rota, Gian-Carlo

Folder #5
n.d. Box Series I-3

Publications, Fourier series

Birkhoff, George D.
1936-1943 Box Series I-3

Functional equations

Birnbaum, Z. William
1969 Box Series I-3

Zbyszek Lomnicki

Bishir, John
1977 Box Series I-3
Bishop, P. W.
1967 Box Series I-3

Fermi calculator

Bissinger, Barney
1959 Box Series I-3
Blackwell, David
1957; 1983 Box Series I-3
Blaker, Warren
1965 Box Series I-3
Blakley, G. R.
1965 Box Series I-3
Bland, Robert G.
1980 Box Series I-3
Blank, A. A.
1960 Box Series I-3
Blass, Andreas
1976 Box Series I-3
Blass, Bronislaw
1969-1983; n.d. Box Series I-3

Some in Polish

Blass, Piotr
1981 Box Series I-3

Some in Polish

Blattner, Meesa
1977 Box Series I-3
Bledsoe, W. W.
1974 Box Series I-3
Blenkinsop, I. H.
1981 Box Series I-3
Bliven, Bruce
1976 Box Series I-3

Alexander Sach's visit to FDR

Blizard, John
1977 Box Series I-3
Block, Henry W.
1970 Box Series I-3
Bloom, David M.
1969 Box Series I-3
Bloomfield, Bruce A.
1966 Box Series I-3
Blum, Gerard
1973-1974 Box Series I-3

re: Koestler's The Challange of Chance

Blum, Julius R.
1971 Box Series I-3
Blumberg, Stanley A.
1975 Box Series I-3
Boba, Antonio
1959 Box Series I-4
Bobrow, Robert J.
1968 Box Series I-4
Bochner, Salomon
1942; 1958; 1979 Box Series I-4
Bode, Hendrik W.
1946-1948 Box Series I-4

Communication theory Bell Telephone Laboratories

Boehm, George A. W.
1958-1968 Box Series I-4

Fortune article on computers, Mark Kac Fullen, Betty

Bogdan, Victor M.
1977-1978 Box Series I-4

(Former name: Bogdanowicz, Witold M.)

Bohm, David
1957 Box Series I-4
Bok, Derek
1977 Box Series I-4
Bolling, W. C.
1967 Box Series I-4
Borgese, Elizabeth Mann
  Box Series I-4
Folder #1
1964-1965 Box Series I-4

Mathematics & Logic article Birkhoff, Garrett Kac, Mark See Kac, Mark

Folder #2
1966-1967 Box Series I-4

Max Black's comments on article Black, Max

Borgmann, Carl W.
1958 Box Series I-4
Borowska, Zofja
1977 Box Series I-4
Borsuk, Karol
  Box Series I-4

Some in Polish

Folder #1
1937-1959 Box Series I-4
Folder #2
1960-1979 Box Series I-4

Madison, WI., Weizmann Inst. lecture

Folder #3
1980-1982; n.d. Box Series I-4

Newspaper article by Borsuk

Borsuk, Zofia
1982 Box Series I-4

In French; on K. Borsuk's death

Borzymowski, Andrzej
1983 Box Series I-4
Bott[?], Rick
1982 Box Series I-4
Boulanger, Philippe
1980 Box Series I-4
Bourgin, Richard
1974 Box Series I-4
Bourgin, [?]
1942 Box Series I-4
Bouricius, Willard
1957-1958 Box Series I-4
Bourne, Samuel
1964-1974 Box Series I-4

Neyman, Kura-towski, locally compact subgroups

Bowie, William S.
1964 Box Series I-4
Boyd, Constance D.
1974 Box Series I-4

corrections to Copernicus article

Boyer, Keith
  Box Series I-4

See Anderson, Clinton P.

Bozhko, N.
1966 Box Series I-4
Bradbury, Norris
1946-1969 Box Series I-4

industrial cooperation, abstract of SMU's Oak Ridge talk; consulting Critchfield, Charles L. Peters, Max S. See Gamow, George See Jarmie, Nelson

Brahana, Thomas
1982 Box Series I-4
Brainin, Joseph
1964 Box Series I-4
Braithwaite, Karl
1981 Box Series I-4
Bram, Leila D.
1969 Box Series I-4
Brandenburg, Betty
1962-1965 Box Series I-4
Brant, Bruce Edward
1979 Box Series I-4

Audio book of Adventures, binary-quadenary, alternatives to Braille

Brase, Corinne
1970 Box Series I-4
Brauer, Richard
1941; 1957-1958; n.d. Box Series I-4

John von Neumann article

Braun, Martin
1974 Box Series I-4

Mappings

Braverman, Max
1967; 1970 Box Series I-4
Breil, Jean
1982-1983 Box Series I-4
Breit, Gregory
1948 Box Series I-4
Bremerman, H. J.
1967-1968 Box Series I-4

Bio-mathematics

Bricker, [Betty]
1976 Box Series I-4
Briese, Franklin W.
1971 Box Series I-4
Briggs, G. B.
1956-1957 Box Series I-4

IBM

Briggs, W[illiam] E.
1974 Box Series I-4

See Norton, Karl K.

Brillouin, Leon
  Box Series I-4

Some in French

Folder #1
1947-1965 Box Series I-4

Classification of docs., SMU notes, 1/4/51 letter Belcher, Philip F. Wheeler, John A.

Folder #2
n.d. Box Series I-4
Folder #3
n.d. Box Series I-4

In French

Brinton, Crane
1946-1957 Box Series I-4

Harvard Society of Fellows

British Chess Magazine
1960 Box Series I-4
Brittain, Donald
1966 Box Series I-4

Fermi film proj.

Brittin, Wesley
1961; 1970-1972 Box Series I-4
Brockman, John
1983 Box Series I-4
Brolley, J. E.
1958-1971 Box Series I-4

LASL research program, Oppenheimer Mem.

Brooks, Harvey
1941; 1973 Box Series I-4

Harvard Society of Fellows

Brosche, P[eter]
1967-1968 Box Series I-4

Some in German

[Brossa?], Beryl
1975 Box Series I-4
Brotzman, Donald G.
1970 Box Series I-4
Brown, Harold
1980 Box Series I-4

Secretary of Defense

Brown, Harrison
1966-1972 Box Series I-4
Brown, Norman L.
1972-1974 Box Series I-4
Brown, Randall J.
1975 Box Series I-4
Brownell, F. H.
1960-1961 Box Series I-4
Brownson, Helen L.
1957 Box Series I-4

Mathematical notes on letter

Brueckler, Keith
1969 Box Series I-4
Brylewski, [Tom]
1976 Box Series I-4
Brzezinski, Zbigniew
1978-1980 Box Series I-4

White House reception, Poland

Buck, R. Creighton
1971 Box Series I-4

Chris Todd

Budrewicz, [?]
1973 Box Series I-4

Series II Ulam, Françoise

[Buersching?], Margaret Beyer
1976 Box Series I-4
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
1969 Box Series I-4

Wilson, J. S.

Bumcrot, Robert J.
1972 Box Series I-4
Bundy, McGeorge
1965 Box Series I-4

Special Asst. to the President for National Security

Burbidge, Geoffrey
1963-1973 Box Series I-4

Explosive phenomena and nucleosynthesis in stars & galaxies Burbidge, Margaret

Burbidge, Margaret
1963-1964 Box Series I-4

Burbidge, Geoffrey

Burgwin, Howard
1964; 1967 Box Series I-4
Burington, Richard S.
1957-1960 Box Series I-4

See Birkhoff, Garrett See Garabedian, Paul R.

Burks, Arthur W.
1961-1971 Box Series I-4

Cellular automata

Burlage, [Diane]
1979 Box Series I-4
Burton, Victor M.
1967 Box Series I-4
Busemann, Herbert
1942, 1944-1947 Box Series I-4
Busenberg, Stavros
1977 Box Series I-4
Bussgang, Julian
1946; 1958 Box Series I-4

Zuckerbrot, Frank

Cade, J. A.
1966 Box Series I-5
Cahn, Anne H.
1970-1971 Box Series I-5

re: thesis on the A.B.M.

Cairns, Stewart S.
1946; 1952 Box Series I-5

See Bellman, Richard

Calder, Nigel
1965-1966 Box Series I-5

New Scientist

Calderon, Alberto P.
1978-1979 Box Series I-5
Calkin, Mimi
n.d. Box Series I-5
Cambefort, J. L.
1979 Box Series I-5
Cameron, A. G. W.
1967 Box Series I-5
Campaigne, H.
1950 Box Series I-5
Campbell, Charles C.
1965 Box Series I-5

Bath Tub Row houses

Campbell, Frank L.
1961 Box Series I-5
Campbell, Paul J.
1979 Box Series I-5
Campbell, Robert H.
1957 Box Series I-5

Organiz. charts, Nevada Test Site, propulsion reactor designs

Canadian Journal of Mathematics
1968-1969 Box Series I-5

Heilbronn, H.

Canfield, Charles R.
1958 Box Series I-5
Cardus, David
1965; 1976 Box Series I-5
Carley, J.
1978 Box Series I-5
Carlson, Bengt
1978 Box Series I-5

Carlson, Julia Murphy, Dan See Gordon, Martin B.

Carlson, Tim
1979 Box Series I-5
Carr, John W., III
1952 Box Series I-5
Carrier, George F.
1967; 1971 Box Series I-5
Carson, Ward W.
n.d. Box Series I-5
Carter, Ciel M.
1969 Box Series I-5
Carter, David L.
1961 Box Series I-5

Air Force Space Study Committee

Carter, David S.
1956-1975 Box Series I-5
Carter, P[at]
1978 Box Series I-5
Carter, William J.
1976; 1980 Box Series I-5
Case, James H.
1967 Box Series I-5

Computers

Case, Kenneth M.
1979 Box Series I-5
Cashwell, Edmond D.
1971; 1980 Box Series I-5
Casti, John L.
1971 Box Series I-5
Cater, Steven C.
1977 Box Series I-5
Catlett, Duane S.
1983 Box Series I-5

LASL weapons orientation lectures

Cavender, James A.
1975-1979; n.d. Box Series I-5
Cech, E.
1958 Box Series I-5
Celestron Pacific
1974; 1976 Box Series I-5

Telescope; Tuthill, Roger W., Inc.; eyesight

Cenzer, Doug
1978 Box Series I-5
Chaitlin, G. L.
1977 Box Series I-5
Chamberlin, E.
1959 Box Series I-5
Champlain, W. P.
1953 Box Series I-5
Chan, Arthur C. H.
1970 Box Series I-5
Chandrasekhar, S.
1957-1964 Box Series I-5
Chapin, Leverett A.
1976 Box Series I-5
Chapple, Eliot D.
1980 Box Series I-5
Charney, Jule
1957-1958 Box Series I-5

von Neumann and meteorology

Charpie, Robert A.
1961 Box Series I-5
Chase, Gary A.
1969 Box Series I-5
Chatelet, A.
1950 Box Series I-5
Chciuk, A.
1974 Box Series I-5
Cheatham, Thomas E., Jr.
1954 Box Series I-5
Cheded, L.
1983 Box Series I-5
Chein, Orin
1975 Box Series I-5
Chenette, Eugene
1974 Box Series I-5
Chevalley, C.
1947 Box Series I-5

von Neumann integer conjecture

Chirikov, Boris
1964-1968 Box Series I-5

Stochasticity, ergodicity

Cholewicki, Victor
1980-1981 Box Series I-5
Chowle, S.
1961? Box Series I-5
Christiansen, Peter L.
1982 Box Series I-5
Christie, Dan E.
1970 Box Series I-5

Name mistyped as "Chirstie"

Chudnovsky, David
1974-1980 Box Series I-5

Name also spelled "Choodnovsky" Chudnovsky, Gregory Moishezon, Boris

Chudnovsky, Gregory
  Box Series I-5

Name also spelled "Choodnovsky" See Chudnovsky, David

Church, Alonzo
1942-1951 Box Series I-5
Clancy, H. G.
1948 Box Series I-6
Clark, Jack
n.d. Box Series I-6
Cleaver, Frank L.
1974 Box Series I-6
Clements, George F.
1973 Box Series I-6
Cody, Donald D.
1976 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Daniel I. A.
1979 Box Series I-6
Cohen, David M.
1974-1975 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Leon W.
1955-1958; 1971 Box Series I-6

National Science Foundation Rosenberg, Alex

Cohen, Michael
1963; 1976 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Paul J.
1964-1979 Box Series I-6

George Polya

Cohen, Regina
1973 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Stanley
1982 Box Series I-6
Cohn, Harvey
1960-1967 Box Series I-6

nonlinear transformation See Stein, Paul

Coit, Catherine
1970-1982; n.d. Box Series I-6
Cole, Julian D.
1968 Box Series I-6
Coleman, S. J.
1972 Box Series I-6
Collins, Fred
1966 Box Series I-6

Restitution to SMU and Adam Ulam after WWII

Collins, Larry
1980 Box Series I-6
Collins, R. E.
1969-1970 Box Series I-6
Colloquium Mathematicum
1977 Box Series I-6
Colvin, Burt
1951 Box Series I-6

See American Mathematical Society

Combinatorial Theory, Journal of
1968-1972 Box Series I-6

Star, Z. Younger, D.

Comer, Steve
1977 Box Series I-6
Computational Physics, Journal of
1974 Box Series I-6

Alder, Berni

Conant, Don
1978 Box Series I-6

Infinity; mathematical physics

Condon, Edward
1966 Box Series I-6

See Mycielski, Jan

Connolly, Joseph G.
1962 Box Series I-6

Hycon Co.

Connolly, Lucie
1957 Box Series I-6
Connolly, Michael
1970 Box Series I-6
Conners, Edward A.
1979 Box Series I-6
Constantine, Charles M.
1977 Box Series I-6
Contopoulos, George
1965-1970; n.d. Box Series I-6
Conway, J. H.
1970 Box Series I-6
Conway, John B.
1976 Box Series I-6
Cooke, Adeline B.
1978 Box Series I-6

Photos of geometric drawings

Cool, Steven L.
1972-1973 Box Series I-6
Cooper, Leon
1975-1977 Box Series I-6

Patterns

Cooper, Ralph S.
1961; n.d. Box Series I-6

Humor on neutrino bomb, and Columbus' scientific review committee

Cooney, James
  Box Series I-6

See LeBaron, Robert--Press Conference

Copeland, Robert
1980 Box Series I-6
Corbin, Lee
n.d. Box Series I-6
Corbridge, James N.
1975 Box Series I-6
Corliss, William R.
1964 Box Series I-6
Corner, George W.
1962-1963 Box Series I-6
Cotro-Manes, Patricia
1977 Box Series I-6

Frontiers of Mathematics

Courant, Richard
1950-1969 Box Series I-6

NYU computing facility, AEC Fahrney, D. S. (RAdm.)

Cowan, G. A.
1959; 1983 Box Series I-6

Conf. on Project SANE (Scientific Applic. for Nucl. Explosions)

Cranefield, Paul
1952 Box Series I-6
Cranga, Robert
1970 Box Series I-6

In French

Crawford, Bryce
1979 Box Series I-6
Creech, Roger L.
1980 Box Series I-6
Creutz, E.
1958-1959 Box Series I-6

Project ORION General Atomic

Crew, W. H.
1958-1959 Box Series I-6

Minutes of LASL: Committee on Visiting Scientists, Committee on Foreign Travel See Susco, Dante V.

Critchfield, Charles
1955; 1969 Box Series I-6

See Bradbury, Norris

Crocker, Arthur W.
1960 Box Series I-6

re: Ulam/Everett patent on nuclear propelled vehicle

Croft, H. C.
1970 Box Series I-6
Crouch, Ralph
1961 Box Series I-6
Crowe, Lawson
1969; 1973-1974 Box Series I-6

Univ. of Colorado business

Cullinane, Steven H.
1976; n.d. Box Series I-6
Curtis, Kent K.
1971 Box Series I-6
Curtiss, J. H.
1947-1948; 1958-1959 Box Series I-6

Insitute of Numerical Analysis

Clancy, H. G.
1948 Box Series I-6
Clark, Jack
n.d. Box Series I-6
Cleaver, Frank L.
1974 Box Series I-6
Clements, George F.
1973 Box Series I-6
Cody, Donald D.
1976 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Daniel I. A.
1979 Box Series I-6
Cohen, David M.
1974-1975 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Leon W.
1955-1958; 1971 Box Series I-6

National Science Foundation Rosenberg, Alex

Cohen, Michael
1963; 1976 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Paul J.
1964-1979 Box Series I-6

George Polya

Cohen, Regina
1973 Box Series I-6
Cohen, Stanley
1982 Box Series I-6
Cohn, Harvey
1960-1967 Box Series I-6

nonlinear transformation See Stein, Paul

Coit, Catherine
1970-1982; n.d. Box Series I-6
Cole, Julian D.
1968 Box Series I-6
Coleman, S. J.
1972 Box Series I-6
Collins, Fred
1966 Box Series I-6

Restitution to SMU and Adam Ulam after WWII

Collins, Larry
1980 Box Series I-6
Collins, R. E.
1969-1970 Box Series I-6
Colloquium Mathematicum
1977 Box Series I-6
Colvin, Burt
1951 Box Series I-6

See American Mathematical Society

Combinatorial Theory, Journal of
1968-1972 Box Series I-6

Star, Z. Younger, D.

Comer, Steve
1977 Box Series I-6
Computational Physics, Journal of
1974 Box Series I-6

Alder, Berni

Conant, Don
1978 Box Series I-6

Infinity; mathematical physics

Condon, Edward
1966 Box Series I-6

See Mycielski, Jan

Connolly, Joseph G.
1962 Box Series I-6

Hycon Co.

Connolly, Lucie
1957 Box Series I-6
Connolly, Michael
1970 Box Series I-6
Conners, Edward A.
1979 Box Series I-6
Constantine, Charles M.
1977 Box Series I-6
Contopoulos, George
1965-1970; n.d. Box Series I-6
Conway, J. H.
1970 Box Series I-6
Conway, John B.
1976 Box Series I-6
Cooke, Adeline B.
1978 Box Series I-6

Photos of geometric drawings

Cool, Steven L.
1972-1973 Box Series I-6
Cooper, Leon
1975-1977 Box Series I-6

Patterns

Cooper, Ralph S.
1961; n.d. Box Series I-6

Humor on neutrino bomb, and Columbus' scientific review committee

Cooney, James
  Box Series I-6

See LeBaron, Robert--Press Conference

Copeland, Robert
1980 Box Series I-6
Corbin, Lee
n.d. Box Series I-6
Corbridge, James N.
1975 Box Series I-6
Corliss, William R.
1964 Box Series I-6
Corner, George W.
1962-1963 Box Series I-6
Cotro-Manes, Patricia
1977 Box Series I-6

Frontiers of Mathematics

Courant, Richard
1950-1969 Box Series I-6

NYU computing facility, AEC Fahrney, D. S. (RAdm.)

Cowan, G. A.
1959; 1983 Box Series I-6

Conf. on Project SANE (Scientific Applic. for Nucl. Explosions)

Cranefield, Paul
1952 Box Series I-6
Cranga, Robert
1970 Box Series I-6

In French

Crawford, Bryce
1979 Box Series I-6
Creech, Roger L.
1980 Box Series I-6
Creutz, E.
1958-1959 Box Series I-6

Project ORION General Atomic

Crew, W. H.
1958-1959 Box Series I-6

Minutes of LASL: Committee on Visiting Scientists, Committee on Foreign Travel See Susco, Dante V.

Critchfield, Charles
1955; 1969 Box Series I-6

See Bradbury, Norris

Crocker, Arthur W.
1960 Box Series I-6

re: Ulam/Everett patent on nuclear propelled vehicle

Croft, H. C.
1970 Box Series I-6
Crouch, Ralph
1961 Box Series I-6
Crowe, Lawson
1969; 1973-1974 Box Series I-6

Univ. of Colorado business

Cullinane, Steven H.
1976; n.d. Box Series I-6