Anthropologist and ethnographer Frank Gouldsmith Speck was unique among Franz Boas' early graduate students at Columbia University. Unlike other ethnographers of his time who focused their studies on the Western Indian tribes, Speck chose to study the cultures of the Eastern Woodland Indians. Becoming the self-appointed salvage ethnographer for those tribes, Speck was regularly with the Indians he studied, collecting all aspects of their culture.

The Frank G. Speck Papers consist of 15.5 linear feet of Speck's professional correspondence, field notes, lecture notes, and manuscripts of published and unpublished works. The material focuses on the Eastern Woodlands Indians, particularly the Catawba, Cherokee, Creek, Delaware, Houma, Iroquois, Labrador Eskimo, Mantagnais-Naskapi, Nanticoke, Penobscot, Powhatan, Algonkian, and Yuchi. The collection is divided into two subcollections: Subcollection 1 is comprised of Speck's research material and correspondence, and Subcollection 2 consists of his manuscripts and related correspondence. The two subcollections were acquired separately by the Society, and were originally cataloged as the Frank G. Speck Papers (572.97 Sp3) and the Frank G. Speck Manuscripts on Native Americans (970.3 Sp3p) respectively.

Background note

Anthropologist and ethnographer Frank Gouldsmith Speck was unique among Franz Boas' early graduate students at Columbia University. Unlike other ethnographers of his time who focused their studies on the Western Indian tribes, Speck chose to study the cultures of the Eastern Woodland Indians. Becoming the self-appointed salvage ethnographer for those tribes, Speck was regularly with the Indians he studied collecting all aspects of their culture.

Although he spent the majority of his career in the field, Speck did not come from a rural background. Born in Brooklyn, NY on November 8, 1881 Speck spent the first seven years of his life in the city, a fragile and sickly child. As was common at the time, Speck's parents felt that a rural environment would be better for their son's health, and in 1888 placed him in the care of family friend Fidelia Fielding, living in Mohegan, CT. Fielding was a widow, a Native American, and the last speaker of her tribal language in New England. While with Fielding the seeds for many of Speck's professional interests were laid as she tutored him in nature, natural history, English literature, and Mohegan language and literature. At age fourteen Speck returned to his family, now living in Hackensack, NJ.

When Speck entered Columbia University at the turn of the century, he had not settled on a career - though he was leaning towards the ministry. That changed when he enrolled in a language course with the eminent linguist John Dyneley Prince. During the class Prince became fascinated by Speck's ability to provide first hand information on Native American languages long thought to be dead - particularly Pequot-Mohegan and Delaware-Mohican. Before graduating, Speck and Prince co-authored three articles. Prince also introduced Speck to anthropologist Franz Boas, who had begun his tenure at the helm of Columbia's anthropology department less then a decade earlier. Through Boas and Prince's encouragement Speck decided to pursue a career in anthropological linguistics, and after receiving his A.B. in 1904 started his graduate work under Boas. Speck was one of Boas' first graduate students and was one of a generation of anthropologists (along with Margaret Mead, Elsie Clews Parsons, Alfred Kroeber, Paul Raden, and Ashley Montagu) to learn and promote the Boasian approach to anthropology. Under Boas, Speck began his fieldwork among the Yuchi Indians of Oklahoma in 1904, receiving his M.A. from Columbia a year later. Speck initially planned to continue with graduate studies at Columbia with Boas until he was awarded a George Leib Harrison Research Fellowship from the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania in 1907. Leaving Columbia for the University Museum, Speck received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1908 and remained in Philadelphia for the rest of his career.

When Speck first arrived at Penn he was appointed as an instructor and assistant in general ethnology, working and teaching out of the Museum. Since the University did not have an independent department of anthropology at that time, courses were taught either out of the University Museum or the Department of Religion. During these early years Speck continued with his field work, which eventually put him at odds with the Museum's director, George Byron Gordon. Gordon wanted Speck to focus less on fieldwork and more on public and social functions important to fundraising at the museum. The feud between Gordon and Speck led to a number of incidents, including the confiscation of Speck's Penobscot manuscript (which was eventually published in 1940 as Penobscot Man). Finally in 1911 Speck was fired from the University Museum, only to be hired by the University as an assistant professor to replace Daniel Garrison Brinton. Two years later Speck became acting chair of the new Department of Anthropology, and chair in 1925.

It was not long after arriving in Philadelphia that Speck began his study of the Algonkians of the Eastern Woodlands. Speck went on to study the Algonkians of Delaware, the tribes of tidewater Virginia, the Cherokee in the Southeast, and the Iroquois, especially their ceremonialism. Speck's work among the Eastern tribes was indicative of his efforts to record dying languages and cultures. In many regards Speck was ahead of his time with his efforts to document the ways of life for relatively acculturated tribes, an idea which many anthropologists disdained. The eastern tribes had been overrun by European settlers during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth centuries and were largely destroyed by war, famine, and disease. Those who had survived were pushed westward and were absorbed by other tribes. As a result the majority of information regarding these tribes was historical not ethnographic. However, Speck viewed ethnology as a fluid field that was unlimited, and not a fixed study of past cultures. Further, he was never overly concerned with high-level generalizations or interpretations of his subject but focused more on recording well-attested facts. During his research Speck looked for variations that would turn up as he collected empirical data, and then would modify his original concept. To that end, Speck was not satisfied with providing a generalized picture of a tribe. He studied a tribe's language, technology, decorative art, myths and tales, religious belief, ceremonialism, social organization, music, and hunting territories. Speck also chose to focus on a tribe's link to nature, with ethnobiology, material culture, and uses of the environment playing major themes in his work.

Another integral part of Speck's fieldwork was collecting material culture. His love for collecting artifacts in the field was motivated by the special problems in which he became interested from time to time. Occasionally, Speck's interest in arts and crafts drew him within the borders of archeology. He would also have replicas made by Indians of objects no longer in daily use. Speck kept a number of objects in his office at the University, but most of the artifacts were sold to public museums, arriving heavily annotated as to their context within their culture group. Among the institutions to receive artifacts from Speck were the: Museum of the American Indian (now the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian), American Museum of Natural History, Peabody Museum, Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Cranbrook Institute of Science, Denver Art Museum, National Museum of Canada, Royal Ontario Museum, Pitt Rivers Museum - University of Oxford, and Danish National Museum.

What made Speck successful in his research was the method he used in the field. Speck was a "bedside ethnologist," staying with the people all day, eating with them, learning their language, and sleeping in the village. This sense of ease and intimate form of fieldwork allowed Speck to gain the trust of the tribes, facilitating his collection of data. In fact, Speck was much more at ease among Indians, who were as much a part of his private life as his professional life than among Philadelphia society. He was rarely away from Indians for more than a month, going off to conduct field work when the opportunity presented itself, often without notice.

During the later years of his career, Speck began to study Iroquois ceremonialism. He felt that despite the vast material written on the Iroquois, very little was known about the diversity and characteristics of the cultures of the groups that made up the Six Nations. Also in his later years Speck was battling a failing heart and kidney disease, though this did not stop him from going into the field. It was during his trip to Red House, N.Y. in January 1950 to witness the Seneca perform their mid-winter rites that he became seriously ill. After returning to Philadelphia, Speck died at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania on February 6 at the age of 68.

Scope and content

The Frank G. Speck Papers consist of 15.5 linear feet of professional correspondence, field notes, lecture notes, and manuscripts of published and unpublished works. The material focuses on the Eastern Woodlands Indians, particularly the Catawba, Cherokee, Creek, Delaware, Houma, Iroquois, Labrador Eskimo, Mantagnais-Naskapi, Nanticoke, Penobscot, Powhatan, Algonkian, and Yuchi. The collection is divided into two subcollections: Subcollection 1 is comprised of Speck's research material and correspondence, and Subcollection 2 consists of his manuscripts and related correspondence. The two subcollections were acquired separately by the Society, and were originally cataloged as the Frank G. Speck Papers (572.97 Sp3) and the Frank G. Speck Manuscripts on Native Americans (970.3 Sp3p) respectively.

Subcollection I is divided into several series. Series I came to the Library shortly after Speck's death in 1950 from Mrs. Frank G. Speck (with later additions from William N. Fenton and John Witthoft). Ninety-five percent of the material relates to North American tribes east of the Mississippi. The material was arranged by Anthony F. C. Wallace, and described in "The Frank G. Speck Collection" in The Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (Vol. 95, pp. 286-89). According to Wallace, the Speck collection is an important ethnographic source material to those working on Eastern Woodlands Indian cultures since it constitutes a valuable body of unpublished data. In addition, the collection documents a significant chapter in the history of American science. As an early student of Franz Boas, Speck's work represents the first generation of American ethnographers to pursue the kind of research Boas encouraged and taught (a patient, detailed description of a primitive culture based on long and intimate residence with the community). Of particular interest are Speck's Columbia lecture notes from classes he took with Boas. Speck's field notes further indicate his method of study, in which casualness was itself unconsciously a technique for creating "rapport." Speck scribbled information on envelopes, scraps of paper, road maps, and old letters - in addition to ledger books and tablets.

When it came to organize the material, Wallace found the classification and ordering of the material to be "somewhat difficult." The collection could not be organized chronologically since Speck collected material over long periods of time prior to publication and did not date the material. It was also not feasible to organize the collection based on whether the notes were published or unpublished as it was not uncommon for Speck to have both types of information on opposite sides of the same piece of paper. Wallace concluded that a researcher consulting the Speck papers would be interested in a particular area or tribe, and would be familiar with the printed material on the subject. It was therefore decided to organize the material according to culture area, tribe, and community. The majority of this material has been described in John Freeman and Murphy Smith's Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian (1966) and Daythal Kendall's Supplement to Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian (1982). With the prominence of these two publications, it was decided to keep the initial organization and folder identification numbers of the collection when it was recataloged. Item descriptions from the Freeman/Smith and Kendall guides are designated with F&S and the entry number from the guide.

Series II of Subcollection I was initially labeled as biographical material, and organized separately in six boxes. This material arrived at the APS after Wallace had completed his organization in the 1950s. The series is predominantly correspondence to and from Speck regarding research topics, as well as other professional matters. When the collection was recataloged it was decided to reorganize it alphabetically by correspondent. Some of the items have been described in the Freeman/Smith and Kendall guides, the remainder were described when the collection was reprocessed.

Subcollection II was a gift of Mrs. Frank G. Speck, and initially housed at the Delaware County Institute of Science. The collection was eventually transferred to the Society in several accessions between 1971 and 1993, and processed in 1996 by Miriam B. Spectre and Timothy T. Wilson on a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The collection is arranged in four series: correspondence, works by Speck, field notes, and photographs. Series II: Works by Speck, constitute the bulk of the material. At 4.5 linear feet, the series contains manuscript and typescript drafts, galley proofs, and page proofs of published and unpublished articles, reviews and books by Speck. The folders are arranged by title, with reviews being entered under the title of the book or article which is the subject. Series I: Correspondence contains four letters relating to publications by Speck, research material, Indian specimens, and Linton Satterthwait's summer research with John Alden Mason. Series III: Field Notes is one folder of undated material labeled "Delaware Social Dance Bustle", and Series IV contains four folders of photographs that appear to have been published by Speck.

Native American Images note : A total of nearly 1,700 black and white silver gelatin photographs, sketches, albumen and photomechanical prints, negatives, and pictographs covering Speck’s fieldwork from 1904-1948 of Northeastern and Southeastern Native American tribes of Canada and the United States. Collected by Speck, except where noted, highlighted tribes include: Yuchi of Oklahoma, Algonquin of Labrador, Naskapis, Penobscot, Delawares, Iroquois, Houma, Catawbas, Cherokees, Creek, and Pamunkey. Images reflect the ceremonies and social customs of each, particularly, birch-bark containers, double curve design motifs, ceremonial masks and face paintings, utensils, clothing and hunting gear. Primarily textual material, the collection displays Speck’s unique use of image as a documentary tool. Arranged by tribe and region, each folder is cited in the APS Freeman Guide to manuscripts relating to the American Indian with references noted in the detailed inventory. Also, noted in Murphy Smith’s Historical American Sketches. Composition books, scrapbooks, pamphlets Miscellaneous clippings, 19 color photomechanical prints, 176 black and white photomechanical prints, 8 black and white illustrations, 21 newspaper clipping photographs, of Eastern Woodland, Plains, Great Basin, and Southeast tribes dating from 1922-1941. Collected by Speck for reference, the images are of portraits in tribal dress, dwellings, encampments, villages, pottery, masks, and weapons from various printed sources, such as, The Richmond Times and Metropolitan magazine. Not referenced in the APS Freeman Guide to American Indians. (Subcollection II)

Frank G. Speck Photograph Collection 572.97 Sp3, Film no. 1426 ca. 10,000 images, 1855-1950 Photographs Nearly 7,000 black and white silver gelatin photographs, postal cards, negatives, illustrations, sketches, engravings, paintings, cyanotypes, and albumen prints of the social life and customs of over 100 Native American tribes, primarily Eastern Woodland, dated from 1904-1950. Collected and photographed by Speck, with accompanying documentation in his papers (Ms. Coll. 126), the collection is noteworthy for its size, scope and quality. Gathered in the Franz Boas tradition, the images reflect group and individual portraits, clothing, ornaments, dwellings, weapons, utensils, ceremonies, hunting, fishing and trapping equipment unique to such tribes as: the Yuchi, Penobscot, Montagnais-Naskapi, Oklahoma Delaware, Cherokee, Ontario Iroquois and many Algonquin-speaking people. Other contributors include Frederick Johnson’s River Desert Algonquin, Vladimir J. Fewkes’ Catawba vessels, and V.M. Petrullo and John Mason’s Bororo Indians of Mato Grasso, Brazil. Of particular note, portraits as carte de viste, cabinet card, and tintype; oil paintings by Speck of a Pawnee camp, Plains Indian shield, and Cayuga longhouses. Arranged by tribe, each folder is noted with a reference number to its description in the Supplement to a Guide to Manuscripts relating to the American Indian in the Library of the APS (1982). 13 boxes of Native American images of North and South America, 2 boxes of African, Asian, Australian and Oceania images. Table of contents available. (Subcollection I)

Lantern Slides 462 light-sensitive glass lantern slides (274 black and white; 188 hand-colored) of twenty Native American tribes dating from 1914-1938. Positive transparencies, 3 ¼” x 4”, of the social life and customs of tribes studied by Speck including: Catawba, Cherokee, Houma, Iroquois, Montagnais-Naskapi, and Yuchi. Some are educational, mass-produced dress portraits from the Seri, Beothuk, Eskimo, Seminole and Tuscarora tribes. Of interest, fourteen color slides of an unidentified opera noted here as “Indian melodrama.” Seventy-seven images depict landscapes, Africans, and Asians. Some, but not all, are referenced in the Supplement to a Guide to Manuscripts relating to the American Indian in the Library of the APS (1982). 9 boxes. (Subcollection I)

Oversize The images are 39 photographs and 53 sketches dated from 1868-1941. Primarily portraits of such Native Americans as Sacajawea and Pocahontas with some stylized scenes by George Catlin, Seth Eastman, W. Gordon Fox, and L.T. Alexander. Collected or sketched by Speck, with emphasis on Eastern Woodland tribes. Of note, pastel and charcoal sketch of Iroquois false face, watercolor painting of a raised burial platform, a Harper’s Weekly print from 1868. Each image is referenced in Supplement to a Guide to Manuscripts relating to the American Indian in the Library of the APS (1982). Basement and Sub-Basement. (Subcollection I)

Maps 65 printed maps and tracings annotated by Speck with ethnographic data on hunting territories and tribal boundaries of the Penobscot, Montagnais-Naskapi, and Catawba tribes dating from 1910-1930. (Subcollection I)

Film Naskapi scenes, ca. 1930, black and white, 16 mm, shot by Speck, shows the method of twisting rabbit skins for blankets; sleds with dogs; snowshoes; ice fishing; drums; and other aspects of social life and customs. 3 reels, no.520


Subcollection I. Frank Speck Papers1897-195010 linear feet
Subcollection II. Manuscripts on Native Americans1913-19465.5 linear feet

Collection information


Presented by Mrs. Frank Speck, 1950-1982, with additions by William N. Fenton, 1951, and John Witthoft, 1952.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Frank G. Speck Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued by J.J. Ahern, 2004.

Other finding aids

Freeman, John F. A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian in the Library of the American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1966) Call no. 506.73 Am4me v.65

Kendall, Daythal A supplement to A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to the American Indian in the Library of the American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1982) Call no. 506.73 Am4me v.65s

Related material

The American Philosophical Society Library contains several other collections from Frank Speck or that relate to him in some way. The collection of photographs and drawings (ca. 1800s-mid 1900s; ca. 5000 items) from the Speck papers have been removed and inventoried separately. The images are mainly from Speck's own collection, and focus on the United States and Canada, but there are also photographs concerning peoples of Mexico, South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Oceania. Additional Speck material includes the Speck Cherokee Collection (572.97 Sp3L) which consists of diaries, accounts, and medicinal texts in Cherokee collected by Will West Long and Morgan Calhoun, accompanied by notes by Speck and John Witthoft. In the material are several diaries kept by Long (mostly 1904-1917), records of the Gadugi (a Cherokee mutual aid group), accounts, records of births and deaths at Big Cove, and material collected on Cherokee botany by James Mooney in 1887. Several of the items contain information on Cherokee medicine, including formulae and curing charms. The Speck Catawba Texts (497.3 Sp3) concern myths, history, birds, reptiles, signs and omens, remedies, marriage, poverty, industry, food, charms, taboos, etc. The texts have both free and interlinear English translations. The Speck-Choate Photograph Collection (B Sp3c) contains photographs taken by J. N. Choate, a local commercial photographer in Carlisle, Pa. and collected by Speck. Typical images include "before and after" shots of students in native dress and school uniforms, the school band, and shots of the students at work in the saddle shop and making shoes. Choate also took a number of images of visiting chiefs in traditional dress, including the Lakota chief Spotted Tail, and the Cheyennes Man on Cloud and Mad Wolf. One photograph depicts Richard Henry Pratt seated with Quaker supporters. Among the tribes represented are the Lakota, Laguna, Cheyenne, Creek, Lipan, and Pueblo.

Other collections in the Library which relate to Frank Speck include the Franz Boas Papers (B B61), as well as Boas' other students Elsie Clews Parsons (Ms. Coll. 29), Paul Radin (497.3 R114), and Ashley Montagu (Ms. Coll. 109). Speck's colleagues are represented by the William Fenton Papers (Ms. Coll. 20), and the John Alden Mason Papers (B M384). The Library also holds the papers of some of Speck's students in the George S. Snyderman Papers (Ms. Coll. 51), Anthony F.C. Wallace Papers in the Wallace Family Papers (Ms. Coll. 64), and the Alfred I. Hallowell Papers (Ms. Coll. 26). Listings for additional Native American collections can be found in the online guide American Indian Manuscripts in the American Philosophical Society.

Outside of the Society Library, Speck material can be found at the University of Pennsylvania Museum Archives in the Frank G. Speck Papers. This 1.5 linear foot collection consists of correspondence and field reports dating between 1908-1950 for anthropological work with Indians of northeastern and southeastern United States, including the original manuscript for Penobscot Man


Blankenship Roy, ed. The Life and Times of Frank G. Speck, 1881-1950 . Philadelphia : Dept. of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, 1991. Call. No. B Sp35b

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
  • American Anthropological Association.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • American Folklore Society.
  • American Museum of Natural History.
  • Circumboreal
  • Columbia University.
  • Committee for International Research in Arctic Ethnology
  • Double Curve Motif
  • Eskimo
  • Geographical Society of Philadelphia.
  • National Geographic Society
  • Oklahoma Delaware Indians
  • Swarthmore College
  • University of Pennsylvania.


  • Albumen prints
  • Cabinet cards
  • Carte de visite photographs
  • Cyanotypes
  • Diagrams.
  • Gelatin silver prints
  • Illustrations.
  • Lantern slides.
  • Lithographs.
  • Maps
  • Negatives
  • Newspaper clippings.
  • Paintings.
  • Photomechanical prints
  • Picture-writing
  • Postcards
  • Sketches.
  • Tintypes

Personal Name(s)

  • Adney, E. Tappan (Edwin Tappan), 1868-1950
  • Aitken, Robert
  • Alexander, James Evan
  • American Ethnological Society
  • American Indian Order
  • American Sociological Society
  • Ames, Herman Vandenburg , 1865-1935
  • Amsden, Charles Avery, 1899-1941
  • Archaeological Society of North Carolina
  • Baily, A. G.
  • Ball, Carl C.
  • Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
  • Bates, George Joesph, 1891-
  • Battles, Frank
  • Beatty, Willard W. (Willard Walcott), 1891-1961
  • Bennett, Foster
  • Beston, Elizabeth Coatsworth
  • Beston, Henry, 1888-1968
  • Bever, Marion G.
  • Billiot, Anthony
  • Billiot, Maurice
  • Bingham, M
  • Birket-Smith, Kaj, 1893-1977
  • Blackwood, Beatrice
  • Blakeley, A. W.
  • Bloom, Leonard, 1927-
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Bogoras, Waldemar, 1865-1936
  • Bond, Charles E.
  • Brimley, C. S. (Clement Samuel), 1863-1946
  • Britten, Marian Hale
  • Brooks, Jr., R. C.
  • Broom, Leonard
  • Buck, John
  • Buffalo Museum of Science
  • Bureau of American Ethnology (Smithsonian Institution)
  • Burgesse, J. Allan
  • Butler, Eva L.
  • Cabot, W. B.
  • Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011
  • Chase, Fannie S.
  • Chester, Allan G. (Allan Griffith), 1900-
  • Child, C. G.
  • Cobb, Rodney Dale, 1907-
  • Cole, Fay-Cooper, 1881-1961
  • Comas, Juan, 1900-
  • Congdon, Charles E. , (Charles Edwin), b. 1877
  • Cooper, John M. , (John Montgomery), 1881-1949
  • Cornplanter, Jesse J.
  • Crawford, J. W.
  • Dahl, Richard S.
  • Daniel, W.B.M.
  • Darlington, H. S.
  • Day, Gordon M.
  • De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004
  • Deardorff, Merle H., d.1971
  • Delabarre, Edmund Burke, b. 1863
  • Department of Justice, Canada
  • Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs
  • Deskaheh, Alexander General
  • Diamond Jenness
  • Dimmick, Edgar R.
  • Dixon, Joseph K.
  • Dodge, Ernest Stanley
  • Dodge, Raymond, 1871-1942
  • Dorrance, Frances, b. 1877
  • Douglas, Frederic Huntington, 1897-1956
  • Downes, P. G. , (Prentice Gilbert), 1909-
  • Drake, Charley G.
  • Dunnack, Henry E.
  • Dutcher, Willena B.
  • Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy, 1865-1946
  • Edgerton , Franklin, 1885-1963
  • Edwards, Edgar Van W.
  • Edwards, William Waller
  • Eiseley, Loren P.
  • Eisenberger, E.
  • Eskew, James W.
  • Farabee , William Curtis, 1865-1925
  • Farrand, Livingston, 1867-1939
  • Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005
  • Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930
  • Fewkes, Vladimir J.
  • Field, Clark
  • Finkelstein, Elsie
  • Ford, C. Desmond , (Charles Desmond)
  • Forde, C. Daryll (Cyril Daryll), 1902-
  • Fry, Nat P.
  • Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
  • Gandy, Ethel
  • Garner, Alfred B.
  • Gauthier, E. S.
  • Giger, Leona E.
  • Gilliam, Charles Edgar
  • Gilmore , Melvin R. , (Melvin Randolph), 1868-1940
  • Gisriel, Stewart W.
  • Godcharles , Frederic Antes, 1872-
  • Goddard, Pliny Earle, 1869-1928
  • Goldenweiser, Alexander, 1880-1940
  • Goldfrank, Esther
  • Gordon, G. B., (George Byron), 1870-1927
  • Greywacz, Kathryn B.
  • Griffin, James B.
  • Gusinde , Martin, 1886-1969
  • Haddon, Alfred C. (Alfred Cort), 1855-1940.
  • Hallowell, A. Irving , (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974
  • Hallowell, Dorothy Kern
  • Hammond, R.
  • Hardenbrook, Louise
  • Harkins, Lee F.
  • Hassrick, Royal B.
  • Hawkes, Ernest William, 1883-
  • Hayne, Hayward
  • Hellmer, Joseph
  • Herris, R. H.
  • Heye Museum, The
  • Heye, George G., (George Gustav), 1874-1957
  • Hicks, Charles
  • Hill, Jasper "Big White Owl"
  • Hiller, Wesley R.
  • Holden, James E.
  • Holmer, Nils M.
  • Honigmann, John J.
  • Howells, W. W. , (William White), 1908-2005
  • Howley, James Patrick, 1847-1918
  • Huaiquilaf, J. Martin Collio
  • Hudson's Bay Company
  • Imsick, Roy C.
  • Ioma, John
  • Isserman, Ferdinand M. , (Ferdinand Myron), 1898-
  • John, Samuel
  • Johnson, Frederick
  • Jones , Louis C. , (Louis Clark), 1908-1990
  • Jones, Volney H. (Volney Hurt), 1903-
  • Kaye, S. A.
  • Kendall, W. C.
  • Kissell, Mary Lois
  • Kremens, Jack
  • Kroeba, A.
  • Krouse, Theodore B.
  • La Rue, Mabel G.
  • Lagore, Eli
  • Laidlaw, G. E.
  • Lampe, M. Willard, (Matthew Willard), 1883-1969
  • Laulin, "Redge"
  • Laulin, Gladys
  • Launer, Philip
  • Leach, Henry Goddard, 1880-1970.
  • Learmouth, D. H.
  • Learn, Martha
  • Lesser, Alexander, 1902-
  • Light, Richard
  • Lilly, Eli, 1885-1977
  • Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953
  • Lippincott, Joseph Wharton, 1887-1976
  • Lips, Julie E.
  • Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957
  • Luongo, James M.
  • MacDonald, Ada S.
  • MacLeod, William Christie
  • Manning, E. W.
  • March, Douglas D. H.
  • Marriott, Alice Lee, 1910-1992
  • McCaskill, J. C.
  • McKern, W. C., (Will Carleton), 1892-
  • McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977
  • Mechling, William Hubbs, 1888-1953
  • Meier, Emil F.
  • Menzie, Decker V.
  • Messurier, William L.
  • Miller, Samuel "James"
  • Milling, Chapman J., (Chapman James), 1901-
  • Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975
  • Montour, Josiah
  • Mook, , Maurice O.
  • Mooney, James, 1861-1921
  • Moorehead, Warren King, 1866-1939
  • Moses, Jesse, Jr.
  • Moulton, F. R. (Forest Ray), 1872-1952
  • Mueller, Werner
  • Murrow, Glenn R.
  • Musser, Paul Howard
  • Myers, John L.
  • Nassau, Robert Hamill, 1835-1921
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • National Research Council
  • Neitzel, Stuart
  • Nelson, Dorothy M.
  • New York Zoological Society
  • Newhouse, Seth
  • Norton, Jeannette Young
  • Norvell, E. B.
  • O'Brian, G. W. (Mrs.)
  • Oak, Liston M.
  • Obermaier, Anna
  • Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958
  • Opler, Morris Edward, 1907-1996
  • Orchard, W. C.
  • Osgood, Cornelius, 1905-
  • Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club.
  • Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955
  • Penniman, Josiah Harma, 1868-1941
  • Pennsylvania
  • Peters, Nick
  • Picard, L. P. O.
  • Pitt River Museum
  • Pollard, E. B.
  • Poole, Earl E.
  • Prince, John Dyneley, 1868-1945
  • Quimby, George
  • Rathbone, Perry Townsend, 1911-2000
  • Raynolds, Frances
  • Red Thunder Cloud, 1919-
  • Reed, Ira S.
  • Rehnstrand, Jane, 1884-
  • Reirmann, Jacques
  • Revillon FrèresTrading Company.
  • Reynolds, A. G.
  • Riggs, Bob
  • Rights, Douglas L., (Douglas LeTell), 1891-1956
  • Ritchie, W. A.
  • Rivard, E. M.
  • Roberts, Helen H., (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985
  • Robinson, Roy H.
  • Rohrbaugh, H. L.
  • Rolland, Ann
  • Rousseau, Jacques
  • Rowell, Mary
  • Ryan, Mrs. Charles
  • Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939
  • Sargent, R. W.
  • Saville, Marshall H., (Marshall Howard), 1867-1935
  • Schaeffer, Claude E.
  • Selby, J. S.
  • Sequin, Robert Lionel
  • Shafer, A. E.
  • Shenk, Hiram H., (Hiram Herr), 1872-1954
  • Shoemaker, Henry W., (Henry Wharton), b. 1880
  • Siebert, Frank T. (Frank Thomas), 1912-1998
  • Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925
  • Smith, Frank E., 1919-1984
  • Smith, Edgar F.
  • Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940
  • Solenberger, Robert
  • Spaulding, A. C.
  • Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
  • Spinder, Herbert J.
  • Staub, Peter
  • Stern, Theodore, 1917-
  • Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962.
  • Swales, Bradshaw Hall, 1875-
  • Swan, Sankey
  • Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958
  • Tantaquidgeon, Gladys
  • Taylor, Lyda
  • Thayer, B. W.
  • Thompson, B. A.
  • Tozzer, Alfred M. -- (Alfred Marston), -- 1877-1954.
  • Traynor, Donald P.
  • Trotter, Spencer, 1860-1931.
  • Turner, G. E. S.
  • Tyler, Dorothy Louise, 1899-1979
  • University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania
  • University of California
  • University of Pennsylvania, Department of Anthropology
  • Voegelin, C.F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986
  • Walker, Abraham M.
  • Wallace, Paul A. W.
  • Walser, Richard, 1908-
  • Ward, Christopher L.
  • Warfield, J. O.
  • Waugh, F. W., (Frederick Wilkerson), 1872-1924
  • Weitluner, R. J.
  • Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988
  • White, Leslie A., 1900-1975.
  • White, Richard Jr.
  • White, Stewart Edward, 1873-1946
  • Wildens, Harry Emerson
  • Wilder, Harris Hawthorne, 1864-1928.
  • Wilkins, C.E.
  • Williams, Spencer F.
  • Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947
  • Wiswall, Richard Hall, 1916-
  • Wyman, Waiter Channing
  • Yoder, Hiram J.
  • Zimmerman, William
  • Zirkle, Conway, 1895-1972
  • Zoological Society of Philadelphia


  • Abenaki Indians
  • Achumawi Indians
  • Algonquian Indians
  • Algonquian art
  • Anishinaabe
  • Athapascan Indians
  • Atikamekw Indians
  • Beothuk Indians
  • Bororo Indians
  • Catawba Indians
  • Cayuga Indians
  • Chastacosta Indians
  • Cheroenhaka Indians
  • Cherokee Indians
  • Cree Indians
  • Creek Indians
  • Delaware Indians
  • Eastern Woodlands Indians
  • Ethnography
  • Great Basin Indians
  • Hokan-Coahuiltecan languages
  • Houma Indians
  • Indians of North America--Alberta
  • Indians of North America--Arizona
  • Indians of North America--California
  • Indians of North America--Canada
  • Indians of North America--Colorado
  • Indians of North America--Connecticut
  • Indians of North America--Delaware
  • Indians of North America--Florida
  • Indians of North America--Louisiana
  • Indians of North America--Maine
  • Indians of North America--Massachusetts
  • Indians of North America--Montana
  • Indians of North America--New York (State)
  • Indians of North America--Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Indians of North America--North Carolina
  • Indians of North America--Northeastern States
  • Indians of North America--Oklahoma
  • Indians of North America--Ontario
  • Indians of North America--Quebec (Province)
  • Indians of North America--Saskatchewan
  • Indians of North America--South Carolina
  • Indians of North America--Southeastern States
  • Indians of North America--Virginia
  • Indians of South America--Brazil
  • Inuit--Canada
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Kansa Indians
  • Malecite Indians
  • Mende (African People)
  • Micmac Indians
  • Mistassin Indians
  • Miwok Indians
  • Mohawk Indians
  • Montagnais Indians
  • Nanticoke Indians
  • Naskapi Indians
  • Native American culture
  • Native American linguistics
  • Native American lore & legends
  • Ojibwa Indians
  • Ojibwe people
  • Omaha Indians
  • Pamunkey Indians
  • Passamaquoddy Indians
  • Penobscot Indians
  • Pequot Indians
  • Plains Indians
  • Seminole Indians
  • Seneca Indians
  • Shawnee Indians
  • Sherbro (African People)
  • Southeast Indians
  • Sub-Arctic Indians
  • Tuscarora Indians
  • Wawenock Indians
  • Wiyot-Yorok
  • Yana language
  • Yao (African People)
  • Yuchi Indians
Collection overview
1897-1950 10 linear feet

Subcollection I is divided into several series. Series I is comprised of research material, and is organized according to culture area, tribe, and community. Series II is predominantly correspondence to and from Speck regarding research topics, as well as other professional matters. This series is arranged alphabetically by author. Series III, IV, and V are comprised of graphic materials: photographs, lantern slides, and maps. This subcollection was acquired separately by the Society, and was originally cataloged as the Frank G. Speck Papers (572.97 Sp3).

1903-1950 8.25 linear feet
1897-1950 1.75 linear feet

Images note: 14 illustrations of Pamunkey and Cayuga rattles, Cherokee mask, Toltec designs, and logos of thunderbird, tipi; 1 photograph of Frank Speck in sled at Maniwaki, P.Q.(from William Fenton); 3 photographs of Anthony Wallace at Dismal run.


Many of the maps in this collection were annotated by Speck with ethnographic data on hunting territories, tribal boundaries, etc.

1913-1946 5.5 linear feet

Subcollection II is arranged in four series: correspondence, works by Speck, field notes, and photographs. Series II: Works by Speck constitute the bulk of the series and is arranged alphabetically by title. This subcollections was acquired separately by the Society, and was originally cataloged as the Frank G. Speck Manuscripts on Native Americans (970.3 Sp3p).

1926-1946 5 folders
1913-1942 5 Linear Feet
n.d. 1 folder
n.d. 4 folders Images with call no. 572.97 Sp3 are located in the basement.

Detailed Inventory
Subcollection I. Frank G. Speck Papers
1897-1950 10 linear feet

Subcollection I is divided into several series. Series I is comprised of research material, and is organized according to culture area, tribe, and community. Series II is predominantly correspondence to and from Speck regarding research topics, as well as other professional matters. This series is arranged alphabetically by author. Series III, IV, and V are comprised of graphic materials: photographs, lantern slides, and maps. This subcollection was acquired separately by the Society, and was originally cataloged as the Frank G. Speck Papers (572.97 Sp3).

Series I. Research Material
1903-1950 8.25 linear feet
I. Circumpolar Culture Area
A. General Circumpolar Area
I(1A1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Distribution maps for Circumpolar Traits.
n.d. 12 items Box 1

Separate maps show distribution of divination and miracle shamanism; sweat bath; turtle Atlas myth and world-tree concept; bone divination; bear veneration; curative power of mystic words and formulae; dog-ancestor myth; dog as soul leader; curvilinear patterns; confession to cure taboo violation. F&S 1464

I(1A2). Birket-Smith, Kaj, 1893-1977.
Plan for Circumpolar Research
1946 1 item Box 1

Concerning forthcoming International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Science at Prague. Includes Birket-Smith Report to the Members of the Committee for International Research in Arctic Ethnology, May, 1936. Status of then-current research. F&S 1416

B. General Eskimo
I(1B1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Physical Characteristics of the Eskimo (notes on)
n.d. 1 item Box 1

Lecture notes. F&S 1362

I(1B2). [no entry]
  Box 1
I(1B3). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Eskimo sled dogs, MS
n.d. 1 item Box 1

Discusses training and use of dogs. F&S 1338

I(1B4). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Story of Eskimo woman who raised bear cub
1923 1 item Box 1

Bibliographical note on J. W. Bilby, (1923) F&S 1343

I(1B5). [no entry]
  Box 1
I(1B6). Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925.
to Frank G. Speck
1924 5 items Box 1

Miscellaneous reading notes on Eskimos: Historical Relations of Eskimos and Algonkians, notes. F&S 1341

I(1B6). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Miscellaneous reading notes on Eskimos: Miscellaneous book-notes on Eskimos
1940 3 items Box 1

Miscellaneous reading notes on Eskimo F&S 325

C. Labrador Eskimo
I(1C1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Eskimo on the East Coast of Hudsons Bay (Reading notes)
n.d. 1 item Box 1

Notes together with Speck's comments on Arthur Dobbs, (1744). F&S 1336

I(1C2). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
"The George River Barren Ground Band of Eskimo" (MS carbon)
n.d. 1 item Box 1

Concerning whether Eskimo were first an inland or a coastal group. F&S 1339

I(1C3). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
"Analysis of Eskimo and Indian skin dressing method in Labrador" MS
n.d. 5 items Box 1

Compares technique according to skins. F&S 1335

I(1C4). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Report of 1934 Field Trip (typescript)
1934 2 items Box 1

Summarizes activities and reasons for his field work. F&S 1342

I(1C5). Burgesse, J. Allan.
to Frank Speck
1936 2 items Box 1

Images note: Art design filed by Frank G. Speck with Eskimo material. Pencil sketches of double curve motif. F&S 2290

I(1C6). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
List of Archaeological Specimens
n.d. 2 items Box 1

Harpoons, scrapers, and similar artifacts. F&S 1315

I(1C7). [no entry]
  Box 1
I(1C8). [no entry]
  Box 1
I(1C9). Cooper, John M. , (John Montgomery), 1881-1949.
to Frank Speck
1935 1 item Box 1

"Eskimo territorialism." Discusses theism in Labrador; Eskimo family rights to hunting grounds. F&S 1325

I(1C10). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Eskimo field notebook
n.d. 3 items Box 1

Lists of Eskimo names for animals, plants, manufactured objects, etc.; terms of relationship; general vocabulary; texts with interlinear translation. Also a few Naskapi items on one page. Letter to Speck from E. B. Delabarre, Mar. 4, 1924, A.L.S., 3p., discussing tales he had heard in Labrador. F&S 1337

II. Circumboreal
A. General
II(2A1a). Double Curve Motif -- a. miscellaneous notes
1915-1943 4 items Box 1

Haddon, Alfred C. Letter to Frank G. Speck, December 17, 1915 -- Curious as to degree of missionary influence on double-curve motif. Birket-Smith, Kaj. Letter to Frank G. Speck, October 30, 1927 --Discusses Montagnais-Naskapi museum specimens; double curve motif in Eskimo art. Asks questions on shared "culture elements" among northern tribes. Quimby, George. Letter to Frank G. Speck, February 8, 1943 -- Discusses possible double curve theme in Hopewell art. His field experience suggests Montagnais-Naskapi bands were differentiated by rivers on which they lived. Speck, Frank G. Table of double curve motif, n.d. --Northwestern tribes, Iroquois, central Algonkian usage charted by technique and variation of motifs. F&S 338, 1321, 1430, 2294

II(2A1b). Double Curve Motif -- b. "The Double-Curve Motive in Northeastern Algonkian Art" by F.G. Speck
1914 1 item Box 1

Images note: A copy of Speck (1914), with interleaved snapshots and sketches of designs, together with notes, suggesting natural-history origins of motives and variations. F&S 1443

Removed from Fig. 1
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Removed from Fig. 2
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Double-curve drawings
Removed from Fig. 7
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Double-curve drawings
Removed from Fig. 11
Mirror image of vegetation emerging out of water
Vegetation emerging from water
Vegetation emerging out of water
Removed from Fig. 15
Vegetation emerging out of water
II(2A2). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Traps -- a. Miscellaneous notes
1938 2 items Box 1

Review of John M. Cooper, Snares, deadfalls, and other traps of Northern Algonquians and Northern Athapaskans F&S 337

II(2A3). [no entry]
  Box 1
II(2A4). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Distribution of Scapulimancy, etc., in Circumboreal
n.d. 1 item Box 1

Images note: Sketches and comments on shoulder blade divination (Scapulimancy); notes on origin and distribution of deer drives (including 1p. note, undated, from A. I. Hallowell); distribution of artifacts among Algonkin, Naskapi, Mistassini. F&S 372

II(2A5). Downes, P. G. , (Prentice Gilbert), 1909-.
Letter to Frank G. Speck
1936 1 item Box 1

"Miscellaneous notes on Circumboreal Region" Discusses his visit to Naskapi near Davis Inlet, to Cree, and to Chip[pewa]s. 2p. of notes (Speck?) in French-English of Indian or Canadian, discussing changes in Indian culture. F&S 2499

B. Montagnais-Naskapi
1 General Information
II(3B1a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- a. Summary of Naskapi life
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Apparently an introductory lecture, leading to study of Naskapi beliefs. 1p. notes on psycho-shamanistic performance. F&S 2319

II(3B1b). Hammond, R..
General Information -- b. "The Naskapis of Northern Labrador from a Trader's Viewpoint."
n.d. 1 item Box 2

A description of Naskapi customs, round of life, the fur trade, especially the role of fur-bearers vs. caribou, incidents of drunkenness among Naskapi; honesty, etc. F&S 2293

II(3B1c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- c. History of Eskimo-Algonkian relations in Labrador
n.d. 6 items Box 2

Includes bibliographical notes, notes on Eskimo-Algonkian cultural correspondences and a 3p, typed document concerning migration routes of the Eskimo to the New World. F&S 1340

II(3B1d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- d. Short History by Frank Speck, concerning Labrador Indians
1922-1924 2 items Box 2

Includes a 15p. story of incident in Naskapi life and 7p. scraps on natural surroundings. F&S 2317

II(3B1e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information: e. Naskapi personality
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Lecture notes. F&S 2314

II(3B1f). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information: f. Miscellaneous notes
1918-1946 27 items Box 2

Includes 4 slips of bibliographic notes; a card with notes on a lecture of Franz Boas, Philadelphia, 1918, concerning the primacy of custom over inner morality; typed reading notes, 1925 a letter of Felix Agnus Leser to Speck, Dec. 14, 1931, concerning the docking of sled dog's tails. Drawing of a Naskapi tent in the Victoria Museum. 3 miscellaneous slips; 35 slips of notes on Eskimo and Montngnais culture from printed sources; and 1 notebook, 1946, containing some linguistic and informant data. F&S 2309

II(3B1g). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- g. Catalogue of Naskapi Collection, Denver Art Museum, as of 2 October 1942, and listing other specimens collected by Frank G. Speck
1920 - 1942 6 items Box 2

Materials collected by Speck. In addition to that at Denver, there are lists of Montagnais and Mistassini specimens sent to George Heye, 1920; Montagnais specimens sent to Reading Museum, 1927; materials collected in 1021 (list sent to Goddard); list dated Sept. 13, 1921, sent to Wissler. Summary of expenses in 1927. F&S 2298

II(3B1h). h. [no entry]
  Box 2
II(3B1i). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- i. Birch Bark Containers
1941 7 items Box 2

Includes 18L. of notes on birch-bark baskets from northwest to northeast; Images Note: 9 photos of Timagami Ojibwa birch-bark containers; 18 photos of Mistassini, Algonquin containers, as well as 1 negative, 5 sketches, and 0 leaves of notes; 7L. of general notes on birch-bark containers; 4 photos of Kutenai birch-bark containers together with negative and letter of Bella Weitzner to Speck, June 2, 1941; 4p. of notes on Ojibwa birch-bark; 1 photo of Yukon birch-bark; and 4p. of notes and 5 photos of Ojibwa baskets. F&S 370

Birch Bark baskets
Birch Bark containers
II(3B1j). j. [no entry]
  Box 2
II(3B1k). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Information -- k. Account book for field trips, with miscellaneous notes
1911-1922 8 items Box 2

Contains accounts for 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1919, 1920, and 1922 field trips, lists travel costs and cost of obtaining museum specimens. Also 2 newsclippings, 1911, 1913; and a postal card of Speck to his wife, 1919. F&S 2296

2 Hunting Territories
II(3B2a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Hunting Territories -- a. Miscellaneous notes on Montagnais-Naskapi hunting territories
1928-1932 14 items Box 2

Letters concerning aboriginal us. European origins of hunting territories: Diamond Jenness to Speck, Feb. 20, 1928, 1p. T.L.S.; C. Daryll Forde (University College of Wales) to Speck, July 10, 1930, 1p. T.L.S.; Speck to Forde, Oct. 28, 1930, 2p. T.L. c.c.; John M. Cooper to Speck, Sept. 27, 1932, 2p. T.L.S. 9 leaves of miscellaneous notes. F&S 230

II(3B2b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Hunting Territories -- b. "Terms of Relationship and Family Territorial Band Among the Northeastern Algonkins."
n.d. 2 items Box 2

M.S. draft and additions. F&S 339

II(3B2c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Hunting Territories -- c. "Conservation and the Indians of Eastern North America"
1937 1 item Box 2

M.S. F&S 2299

II(3B2d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Hunting Territories -- d. "Land Ownership Among Hunting Peoples in Primitive America and the World's Marginal Areas."
1922-1926 2 items Box 2

Typed manuscript with annotations. F&S 1365 [number wrong]

3 Social Structure
II(3B3a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Social Structure (aside from family hunting Territory) -- a. Review of Lips Naskapi Law
1947 1 item Box 2

Review of Julie E. Lips Naskapi Law. F&S 2316

II(3B3b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Social Structure (aside from family hunting Territory) -- b. "The Social Structure of the Northern Algonkian"
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Typed M.S. F.S. 2318

II(3B3c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Social Structure (aside from family hunting Territory) -- c. Montagnais Kinship terms
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Rough chart and notes. F&S 2327

4. Economic Behavior
II(3B4a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Economic Behavior (aside from family hunting territory) -- a. Hunting customs
n.d. 3 items Box 2

Concerns ownership of wounded animals; destroying elderly members of family. F&S 2312

II(3B4b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Economic Behavioir (Aside from family hunting territory) -- b. Miscellaneous notes
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Concerns salmon at Waswanipi. F&S 2306

5. Religion
II(4B5a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Religion -- a. Myths
1929 5 items Box 3

4 folkloristic texts in English. F&S 2313

II(4B5b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Religion -- b. Dream lore
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Brief note and sketch. F&S 2301

II(4B5c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Religion -- c. "Game Totems Among the Northeastern Algonkins."
1916 2 items Box 3

Typed M.S. F&S 2093

II(4B5d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Religion -- d. Animism in Algonkian Mentality
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Lecture notes. F&S 2297

II(4B5e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Religion -- e. Miscellaneous notes on Montagnais-Naskapi Religion
1929 6 items Box 3

Undated, incomplete letter of John M. Cooper to ? concerning scapulimancy. Field notes concerning scapulimRncy, bear ceremony, drumming, etc. 1 sheet of Naskapi names of moons (religious). Letter of George Heye, to Speck, Jan. 3, 1926, concerning a missionary book in Montagnais. Images note: Pencil and ink sketches of scapulimancy, bear ceremony, drumming. F&S 2308

6. Linguistic
II(4B6a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Linguistic -- a. Miscellaneous linguistic materials
n.d. 3 items Box 3

Charts display equivalents in 7 dialects for 30 nouns, adverbs, pronouns, and verb "to see" F&S 2326

II(4B6b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Linguistic -- b. Montagnais loan words from English
n.d. 6 items Box 3

Vocabulary lists with Montagnais and Mistassini equivalents. Also miscellaneous notes, 3p. F&S 2328

II(4B6c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Linguistic -- c. Montagnais and Mistssinni Texts
1915 8 items Box 3

Montagnais texts with interlinear translation; 2 maps of hunting territory and notes; Tadoussac texts with interlinear translation; several English texts; list of kinship terms; Escoumains text with interlinear translation. Mistassini texts with interlinear translations. English texts from Mistassini and Lake St. John hands. Notebook relating to Naskapi religion; also 10p. of Michikaman Band texts. Images note: Pencil sketches, maps. F&S 2329

7. Moisie Band
II(4B7). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Moisie Band -- A Field notes, 1930, Moisie and St. Marguerite Bands
1930 1 items Box 3

Names of informants for various bands; Seven Islands data on sorcery; miscellaneous material. F&S 2303

8. Ste. Augustine Band
II(4B8). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Ste. Augustine Band -- a. Field notes, 1935, Ste. Augustine Band
1935 - 1936 12 items Box 3

Account books list expenses and press botanical and entomological specimens. Notebook includes miscellaneous ethnographic data as well as designs. Map of St. Augustin village. 1p. sketch of animals with Naskapi names; 2 hand-drawn maps of St. Augustin region; miscellaneous materials and family histories. Letters: W. B. Cabot to Speck, July 29, 1930, A.L.S., 1p., concerning his (Cabot's) visit to Labrador; Hayward Hayne to Speck, Sept. 7, 1935, and Mar. 1, 1936, A.L.S., 4p. and 10p., concerning winter activities and Hudson's Bay Company post at St. Augustin; A. Poucher, missionary, to Speck, May 18, 1936, A.L.S., 1p. Images note: 26 pencil and ink sketches maps, village, animals. F&S 2304

9. Mistassini Band
II(4B9a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mistassini Band -- a. Miscellaneous notes, Mistassini
1915-1930 8 items Box 3

Concerns hunting territories of Mistassini, Waswanipi, Tête de Boule, Chicoutimi. Ethnographic data on childbirth and chiefs. F&S 2311

II(4B9b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mistassini Band -- b. Document, refering to Pointe Speck
1946-1948 3 items Box 3

Images note: Includes 1p. blueprint of Lake Mistassini, P.Q., showing Pointe Speck. Letter of Jacques Rousseau (Director of Montreal Botanical Garden) to Speck, Nov. 3, 1948, 1p. A.L.S., concerning the adoption of the name Pointe Speck. F&S 2300

II(4B9c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mistassini Band -- c. Field Notes, 1911-1930
1911-1930 29 items Box 3

6 English folkloristic texts, 1919, 1921, and 1930. A notebook of Montagnais and Mistassini texts in English, 1917; a 17p. typed version of Mistassini tales (1925) taken from above. A brief introductory statement, "Montagnais myths and tales from the Lower St. Lawrence"; ethnohistoric material; miscellaneous notes; 4p. concerning Gay Head Indians. Letter of Edward Sapir to Speck, June 18, 1912, 1p. A.L.S., concerning Cree-Montagnais linguistic relationship and obtaining of museum specimens. Unrelated: Some notes by Gladys Tantaquidgeon on Gay Head Wampanoag. F&S 2310

10. Lake St. John Band
II(4B10a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Lake St. John Band -- a. "Family Hunting Territories of the Lake St. John Montaganais and Neighboring Bands."
n.d. 5 items Box 3

Typed M.S. with additions. F&S 2302

II(4B10b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Lake St. John Band -- b. Field notes
n.d. 7 items Box 3

16p. on native names of specimens and artifacts, both Lake St. John and Mistassini: 4p. give account of Wabeno and names of specimens. F&S 2305

11. Davis Inlet Naskapi
II(4B11). Waugh, F. W., (Frederick Wilkerson), 1872-1924.
Davis Inlet Naskapi -- a. Waugh's notes
1923-1924 5 items Box 3

13p. of notes, mostly in hand of Frank G. Speck, obtained from F. W. Waugh. Letters of Waugh to Speck, Dec. 18, 1923, and Jan. 19, 1924, 1p. and 1p. T.L.S., concerning Davis Inlet group; copy of William Duncan Strong to Speck, Sept. 4, 1930, concerning Davis Inlet band. F&S 2322

12. Tadoussac-Escoumains Band
II(4B12). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tadoussac-Escoumains Band -- a. Field notes
n.d. 7 items Box 3

Ethnobotanical data; plant names and medical uses; miscellaneous materials including names of museum specimens and myths. F&S 2320

13. 7 Islands Band
II(4B13). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
7 Islands Band -- a. Miscellaneous field notes
1924-1925 11 items Box 3

Several texts with interlinear translations; house data; names of animals. 1p. friendly letter, in French, of Marie Louise Ambroise, Aug. 22, 1924, to Speck. F&S 391

C. Algonquin
II(2C1). Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
to Frank Speck
1924 1 item Box 1

"Linguistic analogues to Wiyot-Yorok" Discusses his postulated Wiyot-Yurok-Algonquian relationship; mentions his work on Subtiaba. Outlines relationships in and around Hokan-Coahuiltecan. Some discussion of migrations, seeing Athabaskan as late arrival. F&S 2061

II(2C2). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Algonquin field notes
n.d. 4 items Box 1

One notebook contains linguistic notes, informant and population data for Waswanipi, Abitibi, Temiskaming, Nipissing, Algonquian. The other, dated June 1, contains Temiskaming ethnography, and (in English), Wisilèdjak (Wiskyjack) text. Temagami ethnology and texts (in English) and 1 Iroquois legend. Use Film 1429 Reel 1. F&S 369

D. Beothuk
II(2D1). Moorehead, Warren King, 1866-1939.
to Frank Speck
1922 1 item Box 1

Discusses his New England archaeological field work. Doubts Red Paint People of Maine were Beothuks; difference of art. Labels for University Museum artifacts from collections of Moorehead. F&S 462

II(2D2). Miscellaneous notes on Beothuk
1911 - 1922 4 items Box 1

Boas, Franz. Letter to Frank G. Speck, December 17, 1911 -- Discusses Boethuk report. Dahl, Richard S. Letter to Frank G. Speck, December 30, 1911 - In his career as mining engineer in Newfoundland he has opened many Beothuk sites; offers aid. Howley, James P. Letters to Frank G. Speck, December 12, 1911 and May 18, 1912 -- Howley writes Speck of the latter's meeting a Beothuk survivor; doubts authenticity, but would like to know more. Images note: Folder includes newsclipping of Oct. 15, 1911, on Speck's discovery and a portion of Howley's book printing a Beothuk vocabulary with Speck pencil notes:184-186. Messurier, William L. Letter to Dr. Bowman, February 15, 1922 -- Encloses article on Newfoundland extracted from "The Great Historical, Genealogical, and Poetical Dictionary... " (London, 1701). F&S 457, 459, 460, 461

E. Athapascan
II(2E1). Miscellaneous Notes
n.d. 10 items Box 1

Reading notes. F&S 429

F. Ojibwa
II(2F1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Review of Coleman on Ojibway Designs
n.d. 1 item Box 2

of Sister Bernard Coleman: Decorative designs of the Ojibwa of northern Minnesota [1949]. F&S 2519

II(2F2). Miscellaneous notes
1927 - 1948 4 items Box 2

Woodman, Henry. Letter to Frank G. Speck, July 16, 1948 -- Discusses decline of crafts among Bear Island Indians (Temagami). Speck, Frank G. Letter to Chief MIchel tchele Buckshot; Maniwaki, Québec, February 10, 1927 -- Requests buckskin and beadwork. Images note: Newspaper clippings, pencil sketches, maps, and photomechanical prints of utensils, dwelling, portraits. F&S 2516, 2523

Subject(s): Algonquin Indians

II(2F3). Hallowell, A. Irving , (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974.
to Frank G. Speck
1931 4 items Box 2

Describes incidents on field trip to Berens River Saulteaux, Sweet Grass Cree (mentions attitude of Cree to Leonard Bloomfield) and Cold Lake Chipewyan; festivals, etc. Letter of Speck to Hallowell, Aug. 3, 1931, with pencilled responses of Hallowell to questions asked. F&S 2501

II(2F4). Matagama Ojibwa notes
1914-1938 21 items Box 2

Includes 2p. phonetic key; 1p. letter (carbon) of Frank G. Speck to Samuel (i.e., James) Miller of Gogama, Feb. 18, 1928, requesting ethnographic and map data; 2 maps, 1 of Mattagama hunting territories, boundaries in ink; 1p. typed reading notes (and a carbon); Feb. 1928 "Romance Story," 15p. sketch of a play for Mattagama Otcipwè. Burgeese, J. A. Letters to Frank G. Speck (Jan. 13 and Feb. 24, 1938). Burgesse sends drawing of "flesher" used by Oiibwa; encloses list of hunting territories and biographical information on owners. Learmouth, D. H. Letters to Frank G. Speck (Feb. 22 and 29, and Oct. 2, 1928). Learmouth, a factor for Hudson's Bay Co. at Waswanippi, recounts his experiences in adjudicating Matagama land inheritance; provides ethnographic data sought by Speck from Samuel (i.e., James) Miller of Gogama; and gives data on hunting territories. F&S 2498, 2508, 2517

II(2F5). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Ojibwa Hunting territories
n.d. 3 items Box 2

Brief popular account, refuting Roosevelt (1889-1896), who had denied that Indians have a sense of property. 1p. typed notes from Copway (1847), and 1p. notes. F&S 2518

II(2F6). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tamagami myths
n.d. 5 items Box 2

5 English texts. F&S 2520

G. Cree
II(2G1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Cree syllabary
n.d. 6 items Box 2

Naskapi names in Cree syllabary; the Lord's Prayer in Cree; miscellaneous syllabary Cree words. Images note: 79 pictographs F&S 788

H. Miscellaneous
II(2H1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tete de Boule
n.d. 1 item Box 2

Miscellaneous notes on informants; word list. Notes on reverse of 2p. letter of W. C. Orchard (Heye Foundation) to Speck, Dec. 10, 1931. F&S 2330

III. Northeast (ill-defined area west of Mississippi, north of corn-growing limit, south to approximately Mason-Dixon Line)
A. General
III(5A1). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
"Remnants of the Eastern Indian Tribes"
n.d. 1 items Box 3

Brief discussion of location of New England Algonkians. F&S 336

III(5A2). Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953.
"The Persistence of the Mound Builder's Culture Among Recent Indian Tribes"
1916 1 item Box 3

Master's thesis, University of Pennsylvania. Attempts through historical accounts to show persistence both of building of mounds and of artifacts, thought to be prehistoric, and argues that white contact produced the cultural loss. F&S 1217

III(5A3). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Wampum - miscellaneous notes
1913-1920 8 items Box 3

Includes letters of L. P. O. Picard to Speck, April 24, and May 12, 1914, concerning a belt in Picard's possession; I. B. Delay to Speck, Aug. 23, 1913, and Jan. 1914, concerning beads and sale of belts; Sankey Swan to Speck, Mar. 15, 1914; Josiah Hill of Ohsweken to Speck, June 11, 1914, offering to send wampum string and describing Nanticoke belt; Waiter Channing Wyman, collector, to Speck, Dec. 18, 1920, discussing Shenandoah belt and a Penobscot belt in his possession; W. C. Orchard, Heye Foundation, to Speck, concerning bibliography on wampum. F&S 2321

III(5A4). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Observations on the Northeast in general
1941 9 items Box 3

Notes used by Speck in summing up the symposium, Man in Northeastern America, meeting of the American Anthropological Association, 1941, at Phillips Academy, Andover. Brief comments on the various papers. On verse of 4p. are letters: Frederick Johnson to Speck, Oct. 13, 1941, Typed L.S., 2p., concerning meeting plans; and James B. Griffin to Johnson, 1941, Typed L., 2p., copy, concerning his paper. Also, 3 copies of printed program and one typed Tentative Program. F&S 1256

III(5A5). Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005.
"The Agricultural Tribes of the Northeast"
1941 1 item Box 3

Principally a discussion of Iroquois and Algonkian maize culture. Attempts to date usage. Notes of Speck on the 1941 Man in Northeastern America conference on reverse of typed sheets. F&S 1639

III(5A6). De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004.
"The Place of the Dorset Eskimo in the Northeast"
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Typed M.S. F&S 1313

III(5A7). Voegelin, C. F., and Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin.
"Linguistic Considerations of Northeastern America"
n.d. 2 items Box 3

Special emphasis on midwestern tribes, particularly Sauk and Fox. 1p. note of Frank G. Speck, criticizing the paper. F&S 1295

III(5A8). Spaulding, A. C..
"Circumboreal Archaeology"
n.d. 1 item Box 3

A brief statement of a lengthier paper. F. S. 1232

III(5A9). McKern, W. C., (Will Carleton), 1892-.
"A Cultural Perspective of Northeastern Area Archaeology"
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Typed M.S. F&S 1218

III(5A10). Howells, W. W. , (William White), 1908-2005 .
"Physical Types of the Northeast"
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Brief statement of formal paper. F&S 1304

III(5A11). Ritchie, W. A..
"Archeological Manifestations in the Northeast"
n.d. 1 item Box 3

Typed M.S. F&S 1224

III(5A12). Cooper, John M. , (John Montgomery), 1881-1949.
"The Culture of the Northeastern Hunter"
1941 2 items Box 3

A draft with very little similarity to tile published version. Contains generalizations about shared culture traits in the area. 1p. note of Cooper to Frank G. Speck, Sept. 9, 1941. F&S 1246

III(5A13). Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939.
to Frank G. Speck
1918-1919 2 items Box 3

Concerning Speck (1918a); Sapir sees Yurok comparisons; discusses general linguistic relationships; excited about reduction of language stocks; inquires after possible typographical errors, pp. 157-158 of article. F&S 362 and 2062

B. Iroquois
1. General Iroquois
III(6B1a). Moses, Jesse, Jr..
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- a. "The Long-House Man"
n.d. 1 item Box 4

Discusses relationship (from point of view of a Christian Indian) of Christianity and long-house religion; emphasizes government Indian policy; expects victory of Christianity. F&S 1647

III(6B1b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- b. "Canadian Christian Indians Revert to Pagan Beliefs"
1929-1930 1 item Box 4

Argues that better-educated Indians have "gone native" as a means of escaping bureaucracy and clerical greed. F&S 1659

III(6B1c). Buck, John.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- c. Iroquois burial customs
1888 1 item Box 4

Letter to George S. Conover Re Iroquois burial customs. F&S 1637

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult the Manuscripts Department for more information.

III(6B1h). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- h. Cayuga Indian claim
1914-1926 2 items Box 4

Letter of David Jamieson (Des-ka-heh) to Speck, April 4, 1914, concerning making secure Indian rights to land at Ohsweken. Copy of letter of Fred K. Nielsen to George P. Decker, Mar. 27, 1926, with MS. note of Decker to Speck concerning validity of Cayuga land claims before American-British Arbitral Tribunal. F&S 552

III(6B1d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- d. Wabanaki War with Iroquois
n.d. 7 items Box 4

Miscellaneous notes Iroquois, wampum. F&S 1789

III(6B1e). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- e. Seizure of Iroquois wampum by Canadian government
1914 - 1926 6 items Box 4

Letters: Josiah Hill, Ohsweken, to Frank G. Speck, April 27, 1914, concerning photos of wampum, exchange of wampum with Seth Newhouse; same to same, n.d., complaining that British are unmindful of Loyalist Iroquois aid during eighteenth century; Frank G. Speck to Chief David S. Hill, c.c., Jan. l(i, 1925, concerning dispute with Canadian Indian department (seizure of wampum: loose beads and strings); David S. Hill to Speck, Feb. 15, 1925, stating MS. of Six Nations constitution has reappeared and will be compared with Scott copy (Scott, 1912); Speck to Dr. A. Leon Hatzon, Nov. 3, 1925 and April 17, 1926, criticizing book on wampum by Hatzon; A. Leon Hatzon to Speck, April 15, 1926, reply. F&S 1655

III(6B1f). Newhouse, Seth.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- f. Letters to Frank Speck offering to sell code, etc.
1915-1916 2 items Box 4

1915 Asks, at suggestion of F. W. Waugh, that Speck secure shell for wampum for Newhouse. 1916: Offers to sell Speck his history manuscript, which he has been working on since 1885 [No. 1650]; will try to secure some wampum. F&S 1648, 1649

III(6B1g). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- g. Nanticokes visit 6 Nations with Frank G. Speck
n.d. 1 item Box 4

A document describing meeting of Delaware, Nanticoke, and Canadian Iroquois in presence of Speck; recounts injustices suffered by Indians in United States and Canada. F&S 1755, also 2358

III(6B1i). Menzie, Decker V..
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- i. Cayuga Indian representative in Onondaga Council
1925 1 items Box 4

Concerning Speck's aid on Deskaheh's speech. Newsclipping included. F&S 558

III(6B1j). Ioma, John.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- j. Letter to Chief Gibson
1914 1 item Box 4

Letter introduces Frank G. Speck to Gibson, with request that he be given data and wampum. F&S 1643

III(6B1k). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- k. Miscellaneous notes
1936-1948 24 items Box 4

Letters and notes concerning Speck (1945), and masks. Includes: 2p. sketches of masks; 36 slips of miscellaneous Iroquois references, notes, and Wyandot data; 1p. quotation concerning Delaware as women theme; bibliographical note (to Robert T. Hatt, Director of Cranbrook Institute of Science); note on Iroquois art. Letters to Speck include: John L. Buck, Burlington, Ontario, May 18, 1936, offering to sell masks; Merle H. Deardorff, Nov. 29, 1945, concerning Speck and Fenton field work and Speck (1945); Robert T. Hatt, Nov. 18, 1943, concerning publication of Speck (1945); John E. Jacobs, Jan. 12, 1948, concerning Iroquois songs, seeking feathers, sale of bow and arrows; W. N. Fenton, Nov. 15, 1948, concerning wampum strings; Arthur C. Parker, Sept. 11, 1947, concerning splint work of Seneca, basketry-mentions Stockbridge, Mahican, and Brotherton; Mrs. Alfred Martin, May 27 and Feb. 28, 1947, conceming museum specimens and deer tails; Loren C. Eiseley, July 8, 1940, concerning beaver and Algonkin hunting territory; W. N. Fenton, Sept. 1, 1944, concerning Seneca use of Joe Pye plant. Images note: 9 pencil sketches of Seneca false faces. F&S 1662

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult a librarian for more information.

III(6B1l). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- l. [no entry]
  Box 4
III(6B1m). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- m. "Status of the Six Nations." Brief by St. Regis Mohawks
n.d. 1 item Box 4

Brief concerning Indian rights against New York and federal government after 1924; also, letter of Muzzy Cook, Julius Cook, and Ray Fadden (Akwesasne Counselor Organization). F&S 2262

III(6B1n). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- n. Review of Listen for a Lonesome Drum by Carl Cramer
n.d. 1 item Box 4

A romantic review of a literary work. F&S 2267

III(6B1o). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- o. Masks (miscellaneous notes)
1934-1944 42 items Box 4

Includes: 4 letters of John L. Buck Ohsweken, to Speck, Oct. 23, 1936, to March 5, 1944, concerning masks sent to Speck asking Speck to burn tobacco for mask as suggested by a dream; and, concerning pictures Buck wants of his relatives; also, notes on Iroquois and Eskimo masks and drama, 1p.; 4p. quotations of printed works on corn-husk masks; 3p. notes on function of masks, east; 2p. on drums, northeast; letter of G. E Fenstermaker to Speck, March 15, 1934, offering to sell Cherokee and Iroquois masks; 3p miscellany. Images note: photographs, postcard, illustrations and sketches of Tuscarora, Onondaga masks. F&S 1661

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of mask images in this folder, with the exception of the Rattlesnake mask, is restricted.

Rattlesnake mask
III(6B1p). General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- p. Reflections on Iroquois religion
1939-1941 10 items Box 4

Draft of article of Speck protesting missionary competition in reservations and emphasizing Christian character of long-house religion. Submitted originally to Newsletter of Home Missions Board, but rejected for its controversial nature. Published in Crozier Quarterly in 1941. Letters discussing the contents: Alban W. Hoopes, Feb. 12, 1940; Thomas Alfred Trip, Feb. 28, 1940; Mark A. Dawber, March 11, 1940 and Nov. 27, 1940; C. E. Schaeffer, Dec. 3, 1940 (quoting M. H. Deardorff); Charles T. Loran, Oct. 20, 1939; Chief Deskaheh, Nov. 9, 1939; Luther H. Ketels, Nov. 5, 1939; W. N. Fenton, Aug. 5, 1941. F&S 1664

III(6B1q). Deardorff, Merle H., d.1971.
General Iroquois (6 Nations) -- q. Population statistics 1792
1944 2 items Box 4

2 memoranda, March 19, 1944 and March 26, 1944, with comments on and copies of population statistics of 1792, given in I. Chapin papers in the O'Reilly Collection of the New-York Historical Society (the originals are in No. 234). F&S 1638

2. Mohawk
III(6B2a). Rowell, Mary.
Mohawk -- a. Letter on St. Regis Mohawk
1942 5 items Box 4

A former student writes of her summer experiences among St. Regis Mohawk; general impressions of culture; dangers of false traditions being taught. Images note: four photographs of basket weaving, tools. F&S 2261

III(6B2b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohawk -- b. Mohawk words and Miscellaneous field notes
1933-1948 10 items Box 4

2p. on names and designs of Caughnawaga traps; 1p. St. Regis mask data obtained from Julius Cook; 4L. scraps (1 printed in Speck (1946):387, on dance). 7 cards of addresses, etc. Ray Fadden to F. G. Speck, May 7, 1947, T.L.S., 1p., congratulating Speck on his Iroquois study (1945). F&S 2277

III(6B2c). Lagore, Margaret C. (Eli).
Mohawk -- c. Letter to Frank Speck
1947 1 item Box 4

Friendly letter concerning sale of baskets at Allentown Fair; mentions visit of Mary Rowell and Ray Fadden. F&S 2260

III(6B2d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohawk -- d. Oka Iroquois notes
n.d. 1 item Box 4

Data on hunting territory, chiefships, words. F&S 1663

3. Cayuga
III(7B3a). General, Alexander J. (Deskaheh after 1925).
Cayuga -- a. letters to Frank Speck
1924-1947 14 items Box 4

General to Speck, Jan. 13, 1925, 1p., concerning Indian claim against Canada and the United States and radio talks; Dec. 29, 1925 (as Deskaheh), 1p.; Mar. 26, 1926, 1p., concerning politics, snow-snake game mentioned; July, 1926, 1p., concerning Delawares, Nanticoke recording; Feb. 21, 1927, 1p., concerning injustices of Canadian RCMP, elections, false-face masks; May 7, 1934, 2p., conceming husk masks and museum specimens; n.d., 1p. receipt and 4p. answers to queries, and questions of Speck with MS. answers of Deskaheh concerning tobacco planting. Images note: 2 sketches of rattles of hickory bark, corn husks. F&S 556

III(7B3b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Cayuga -- b. Cayuga words
n.d. 2 items Box 4

Names and phrases. F&S 566

III(7B3c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Cayuga -- c. Miscellaneous Cayuga field notes
1940-1941 7 items Box 4

Letter of H. W. Dorsey (Smithsonian Institution), Mar. 13, 1941, concerning a Chief Gibson text in Cayuga in Bureau of American Ethnology. Letter of William N. Fenton, 2p., concerning Cayuga winter rituals MS.; suggestions. Miscellaneous notes for Cayuga MS. F&S 561

III(7B3d). Dodge, Ernest Stanley.
Cayuga -- d. Story about war medicine collected by Dodge
1944 1 item Box 4

Cayuga story about war medicine. F&S 554

III(7B3e). Cayuga -- e. [no entry]
  Box 4
III(7B3f). Cayuga -- f. [no entry]
  Box 4
III(7B3g). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Cayuga -- g. Obeservations on Cayuga religion
1925 2 items Box 4

Letter to Alexander J. General. Observations on Cayuga religion; Speck suggests a defense of the long house from critics by suggesting it is a form of Christanity. F&S 560

III(7B3h). Deskaheh.
Cayuga -- h. Diretions for care and tuning of water drum
n.d. 1 item Box 4

Concerning specimen sent Speck. F&S 553

III(7B3i). Cayuga -- i. [no entry]
  Box 4
III(7B3j). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Cayuga -- j. Large notebook of Cayuga material (This notebook also contains data on other tribes, not all of it published.)
1933-1936 1 item Box 4

Feasts, 3p.; notebook of 23L, Cayuga, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Onondaga, and Seneca material; notebook, 1936, 8p. notes re bowl game and false faces; 9p. notes on prayer for skin dance by Mrs. Buck, copied by Speck; 4p. in notebook, describing 90 dances, mask data; 2p. Typed D., legend, by Deskaheh. Letters: John L. Buck and Mrs. John L. Buck to Speck, Apr. 25, 1936, and Feb. 29, 1938, concerning masks sent and their stories. William N. Fenton to Speck, Jan. 12, 1933, 2p., concerning field trip and Seneca-Cayuga material. Three letters to Speck concerning death of John L. Ruck: John L. Buck, Jr., Feb. 17, 1935; Edward A. Brown, Feb. 18, 1935; Deskaheh, Feb. 18, 1935. Images note: photographic negatives, masks: John Buck, Jerry Aaron and wife; sketches of false face masks, diagrams of dances. F&S 562

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult a librarian for more information.

4. Seneca
III(7B4a). Cornplanter, Jesse J..
Seneca -- a. letters from
1941-1947 6 items Box 4

Cornplanter to Speck: Nov. 12, 1941, 2p., concerning his religious beliefs, and changes in the way of life; April 22, 1947, 1p., praising Speck; Feb. 27, 1947, 2p., concerning informants' pay. Typed c.c. letter of Cornplanter to [?], Dec. 20, 1946, sending Christmas greetings; Ho-wonk-gowah (Charles Congdon?) to Go-wa-non-dah Doweestowee, Feb. 8, 1947, recluesting information on husk face; and Cornplanter to Ha-ouh-wonh-go-wah (Charles Congdon?), concerning husk faces. F&S 3247

III(7B4b). Congdon, Charles (Allegheny).
Seneca -- b. letters from
1945 2 items Box 4

Congratulates Speck on his Iroquois (1945); describes Alleghany ceremonials; gives sketch of arrangement of participants. F&S 3241

III(7B4c). Congdon, Charles E. , (Charles Edwin), b. 1877 .
Seneca -- c. "The Native Religin of the Senecas"
1942 1 item Box 4

Religion of Handsome Lake is compared with Judaism and Greco-Roman spirits. Comparison of ceremonials. F&S 3243

III(7B4d). Redeye, Clara.
Seneca -- d. letters from
1941-1948 2 items Box 4

Images note: photograph negative, 1941, of 4 generations of Seneca women; sends dolls. F&S 3273

This item has been digitized:

III(7B4e). Clark, Evangeline.
Seneca -- e. letter from
1947 1 item Box 4

Thanks for reprints, which she had sent to Suffolk University. F&S 3500

III(7B4f). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Seneca -- f. Words and miscellaneous notes
1944 6 items Box 4

3p. notes and 6 slips: miscellaneous data. 2 letters, Sherman Redeye to Speck. Nov. 9, 1944, and n.d., concerning corn-husk masks. F&S 3279

III(7B4g). White, Clayton.
Seneca -- g. Description of the one-year death feast
1942 1 item Box 4

Letter to Merle H. Deardorff, encloses description of the one-year death feast (document included). Clayton White was a native informant for Deardorff. F&S 3280

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult a librarian for more information.

III(7B4h). Seneca -- h. [no entry]
  Box 4
III(7B4i). Seneca -- i. False Face Dance at Coldspring
1944 1 item Box 4

Songs transcribed by Jesse Cornplanter from manuscripts of his father, Edward Cornplanter, and George Pierce; also from mernory. Occasional notes in English give tempi, behavior of dancers, sources, etc. 4 letters: Cornplanter to W. N. Fenton, Oct. 11 and 26, 1951; Fenton to Cornplanter, Oct. 18 and 30, 1951, 1p. each. F&S 3248

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult a librarian for more information.

III(7B4j). Deardorff, Merle H., d.1971.
Seneca -- j. letters from
1942-1943 2 items Box 4

Concerning informant Clayton White, Pennsylvania place names, and Speck (1942). The second is a lengthy discussion of practices of Handsome Lake adherents. F&S 3249

III(7B4k). Seneca -- k. Notes on Oklahoma Seneca
1940 3 items Box 4

Outline of ceremonials; chart; especially dances and funerary practices. Images note: pencil sketch diagram of Stomp dance. F&S 3278

III(7B4l). Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005.
Seneca -- l. Seneca Ceremonial Calendar. Coldspring, MS.
n.d. 1 item Box 5

An organized, detailed set of field notes on ceremonies. [NOTE: 2 folders, one is a photocopy, the second is the original. Use photocopy] F&S 3252

Restrictions on Access: Reproduction of this material, including Reading Room photography, is restricted due to cultural sensitivity concerns. Please consult a librarian for more information.

III(7B4m). Isserman, Ferdinand M. , (Ferdinand Myron), 1898-.
Seneca -- m. Mythology of Senecas
n.d. 1 item Box 5

A student's paper. F&S 3254

5. Tuscarora
III(7B5a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tuscarora -- a. Canadian Tuscarora words
n.d. 1 item Box 5

Geographical terms secured at Six Nations Reserve. F&S 3817

III(7B5b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tuscarora -- b. Notes on Canadian Tuscarora
1918 3 items Box 5

Includes: names for the Nanticokes in Cayuga, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga, and Oneida; notes on wampum, folklore, and the Canadian Tuscarora; some Nanticoke vocabulary. F&S 4559 and 4864

III(7B5c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tuscarora -- c. Reading notes on the Chowan (incorporated by Tuscarora)
n.d. 3 items Box 5

Includes Suwanoos and Tutelo data. F&S 751

III(7B5d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Tuscarora -- d. reading notes on New York State Tuscarora
n.d. 2 items Box 5

1p. Mattawascheet notes; A. I. Hallowell to Speck, Dec. 9, 193-, note concerning Nanticoke and Tuscarora. F&S 3798

6. Nottoway
III(7B6). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Nottoway -- a. Nottoway notes
n.d. 1 item Box 5

Miscellaneous; map of Eastern Maryland shore. F&S 2468

C. Delaware [Lenape]
1. General
III(8C1a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- a. Delaware bibliography
n.d. 1 item Box 5

List of authorities for brief article, pp. 7, 8,9, (copy used by printer after 1935?). F&S 902

III(8C1b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- b. Notes on place names
n.d. 3 items Box 5

A bibliographical note from Heckewelder and a quotation. F&S 1183

III(8C1c). General -- c. Copy of Detroit treaty,
17 June 1777 1 item Box 5

A copy made by Peter F. Timothy, a Moravian Delaware, in Aug., 1888, and transmitted to Frank G. Speck by Jesse Moses, Nov. 31, 1945. Copied from British Public Record Office. F&S 1748

III(8C1d). Peters, Irma.
General -- d. White Peters, an Indian captive
1895 3 items Box 5

Letter to editor of [Buffalo Evening] Standard, 1895, concerning captivity of White Peters and his descendants; intermixture with Negro and Tuscarora mentioned. F&S 897

III(8C1e). General -- e. Notes on Delaware-Munsee Bear Rite
after 1941 1 item Box 5

Handwritten notes regarding Delaware-Munsee Bear Rite. No Freeman number

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(8C1f). Voegelin, C.F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986.
General -- f. Linguistic analysis of Delaware (mimeographed)
1939-1969 2 items Box 5

Includes copy of letter from R. H. Goddard III to the APS dated 1969 attributing the document to Carl Voegelin. F&S 1182

III(8C1g). General -- g. [no entry]
  Box 5
III(8C1h). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- h. Miscellaneous notes
1933-1948 25 items Box 5

Includes: Gladys Tantaquidgeon, Delaware Indian designs, 5p.; miscellany, 3 slips; miscellany, linguistic notes 1941, 2p.; miscellany, 2 cards; notebook with botanical specimens and 10p. of miscellaneous. Letters: Katharine Bennet to Speck, Oct. 22, 1945, A.L.S., 2p., concerning his celestial bear article (1945); Carl Voegelin to Speck, Jan. 5, 1948, T.L.S., 2p., concerning meaning of Walam Olum title; War Eagle to Speck, March 4, 1935, A.L.S., 2p., concerning earthquake and museum specimens, and card of queries with War Eagle's answer; George P. Murdock to Speck, March 5, 1943, T.L.S., Delaware data in John Fitch MS.; Jesse Moses to Speck, A.L.S., 4p. and continued on envelope, concerning Six Nation Delaware reservations incidents. F&S 911

Restrictions on Use: This folder contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(8C1i). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- i. Review of Kinietz Delaware Culture Chronology
1946 1 item Box 5

Review of Kinietz, Delaware Culture Chronology F&S 919

III(8C1j). General -- j. [no entry]
  Box 5
III(8C1k). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- k. "The Delaware Indians Past and Present"
n.d. 1 item Box 5

Introduction to article; includes population statistics. F&S 904

III(8C1l). General -- l. Quiripi and Delaware vocabularies compared
n.d. 1 item Box 5

Quiripi words based on published sources with some Delaware comparisons arranged, in parallel columns. F&S 3201

III(8C1m). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- m. Reviews and comments on Speck's Delaware publications
1932-1945 8 items Box 5

Letters relating to Speck (1931): Ruth Renedict to Al[exander Lesser]?, March 23, 1932, T.L.S., 1p.; Frans M. Olbrechts to Speck, June 6, 1932, A.L. postal card; Dr. W. Krickeberg (Berlin Volkerkünde Museum) to Hiram H. Shenk, July 14, 1932, 1p. copy; M. R. Harrington (Curator, Southwest Museum) to Speck, March 3, 1937, T.L.S., 1p., concerns also Zeisberger analysis of Delaware "tribes"; Father P. W. Schmidt (Vienna) to Speck, A.L.S., 3p. in German, and Speck's reply, May 13, 1932, T.L.S., 2p., concerning dualism or unity in Delaware God concept; Charles F. Goddard to Speck, March 13, 1934, A.L.S., 2p., concerning Long Island archaeology. W. N. Fenton (1946), T.D., c.c., 7p. F&S 920

III(8C1n). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- n. Delaware-as-women
1946 3 items Box 5

Letters to Frank C. Speck concerning his article (1946). John H. Morice to Speck, Nov. 26, 1946, T.L.S., 2p.; Merle H. Deardorff, Nov. 25, 1946, T.L.S., 3p., discusses linguistic aspects of the problem. F&S 906

III(8C1o). Springer, Ethel M..
General -- o. Delaware remnants in state of Delaware
1917 1 item Box 5

Concerning Delaware remnants in the state of Delaware, intermixture with Negro. F&S 923

III(8C1p). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- p. Delaware religion evaluated
n.d. 6 items Box 5

Notes for a lecture on dangers in Indian policy and the destruction of Indian culture. F&S 905

III(8C1q). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- q. Delaware grammar and vocabulary materials
n.d. 27 items Box 5

Contains a transcript of Jefferson's Edgepullock Delaware vocabulary with phonetic transcription by Speck, 21p. [Chief Webber thinks it is Munsee]; transcript of Heckewelder's Munsi and Mahicanni vocabularies, 8p.; text froth Gabriel Thomas' "Account" in Myers (1912), 5p.; 1p. from printed source; field notes; 2p. of Objurgatives (profanity); 12p. of verbs; 4p. abstracts of grammar and sacred terms; 3 vocabulary slips and 5 cards of linguistic items. F&S 1178

III(8C1r). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- r. Delaware ceremonial patterns
n.d. 3 items Box 5

Contains 3p. discussion, 10p. of charts illustrating origin, procedure and ceremonial host for various ceremonies, and a page indicating facing directions. F&S 903

Restrictions on Use: This folder contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(8C1s). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General -- s. Delaware High God concept
1937 2 items Box 5

Includes 2 documents: 1. discussion of Supreme Deity in Delaware, including some peculiar linguistic usages, suggesting difference from general Algonquian. 2.a translation from the Swedish of "Om Gudsbegreppet's Hos Lenape," Albin Widdn, vol. 2, no. 4 (July, 1937), an article which rejects Father Schmidt's contention that Delaware religious concepts of supreme being are independent of Christian influence, citing John Campanius' mission work and his translation of Luther. F&S 922

Restrictions on Use: This folder contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

2. Oklahoma Delaware
III(9C2a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- a. List of Museum specimens
1929 3 items Box 6

Lists of 1929 and 1935 specimens obtained by Speck from Oklahoma and Canadian Delaware with provenance of items given. 1935 list of items deposited at Delaware County Institute of Science. F&S 910

III(9C2b). Parks, J. A..
Oklahoma Delaware -- b. Letter concering painting of ceremony
1930-1933 3 items Box 6

Parks, Sept. 12, 1930, discusses drawings he will make of ceremonies; March 30, 1932, discusses painting of ceremony; March 7, 1933, discusses loan of painting. F&S 895

III(9C2c). Washington, Joe.
Oklahoma Delaware -- c. Drawings of cow-bone roach spreaders
1946 2 items Box 6

Images note: 10 color pencil drawings by an Oklahoma Delaware Indian of cow-bone roach spreaders. F&S 935

Cow-bone roach spreaders
III(9C2d). Oklahoma Delaware -- d. Field notes
1932 4 items Box 6

Texts, names of tribes, and ceremonies (Delaware-English); also kinship terms, names, and ceremonial and ethnographic data. Partly used in publications. Images note: sketches of Peyote designs from Yuchi feather wand of 12 eagle feathers, face colors of war chief, round stone, dance bustles, fan of hawk tail feathers. F&S 1180

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2e). Voeglin, Erminie Wheeler.
Oklahoma Delaware -- e. Field notes
1938 1 item Box 6

Concerning names and data on Delaware informants. Shawnee data on Delaware in Oklahoma. F&S 925

III(9C2f). Washington, Fred.
Oklahoma Delaware -- f. letters from
1932-1947 15 items Box 6

Letters concerning museum specimens and their manufacture; meanings. One from Mrs. Jane Washington (Fred's mother), Sept. 18, 1942, 1p., re specimens. F&S 934

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2g). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- g. Myth of the great earthquake by War Eagle
1938-1939 6 items Box 6

Materials relating to Speck (1941d): (1) 2p. quotation from Sidney Perley on the earthquake of 1638 in Esser Antiquarian, vol. 1, 1895, p. 173. (2) 2p. abridgment of same. (3) 2p. T.D. Report on effects of earthquakes by Joseph Berman, 1938. (4) Fred Washington to Speck, Nov. 24, 1939, 1p. and 8p., account of Delaware earthquake legend. (5) F. G. Speck, "The great Pennsylvania earthquake of Indian days," 3p. T.D. F&S 915

III(9C2h). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- h. Miscellaneous notes
1932-1941 9 items Box 6

Letters to Speck from native informants: George T. Anderson to Speck, Dec. 27, 1932, 1p., and March 24, 1933, 2p., concerning museum specimens; Mrs. Alex Elijah, March 23, 1935, 1p., concerning baskets (Ontario Delaware); A. F. Frenchman, Nov. 5, 1941, 2p., (son-in-law of George Anderson); Fred Keeler, Jan. 11, 1940, 2p., discussion of Delaware by an Oklahoma Cherokee; Minnie A. Garrett, March 14, 1935, 3p., asking for genealogical data on her Indian forebears. 5 cards and a 1p. typed document on a test for determining a murderer. F&S 913

III(9C2i). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- i. Peyote notes
1923-1940 4 items Box 6

Includes 3p. critical notes on peyote as described in Lindcluist (1923); 2p. scraps; of Omer C. Stewart to Speck, Feb. 6, 1940, T.L.S., 1p., seeking data for comparative study of peyote. F&S 918

III(9C2j). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- j. "Additional notes on Big House Ceremony"
n.d. 2 items Box 6

Speck has, with aid of George Anderson, informant, discovered evidences of "dualism" in Delaware religion. F&S 900

Restrictions on Access: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2k). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- k. Delaware relations with Quapaw Indians
1942 1 item Box 6

Also concerns Peyote Cult. F&S 927

III(9C2l). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- l. Delaware witchcraft
1939 2 items Box 6

An 8p. account, noting Plains Indian difference from Nanticoke; 10p. revision to Frank G. Speck. Cf. Pawnee witch story with letters of War Eagle, No. 932. F&S 929

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2m). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- m. Story of a reace between man and horse
n.d. 2 items Box 6

11p. story with 16p. free revision by Speck. F&S 933

III(9C2n). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- n. Objects used in Delaware Peyote rites
n.d. 3 items Box 6

3p. account by Speck of specimens collected from War Eagle and 5p. account of the same by War Eagle, Nov. 1, 1939. F&S 917

Restrictions on Access: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2o). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- o. Legend of Snow Boy
1933 3 items Box 6

3p. original by War Eagle; 2p. free revision by Speck. F&S 930

III(9C2p). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- p. Legend of Woods dwarf
n.d. 2 items Box 6

2p. original by War Eagle; 1p. typed D. free revision by Speck. F&S 931

III(9C2q). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- q. Cherokee and Delaware Alliance
1933 2 items Box 6

3p. original account by War Eagle; 3p. free revision by Speck. F&S 640

III(9C2r). Oklahoma Delaware -- r. Delaware art designs in color
n.d. 10 items Box 6

Images note: 11 crayon sketches. F&S 859

III(9C2s). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- s. "Delaware Tales"
1928 1 item Box 6

18p. section concerns Peyote and the Delaware; 10p. concerns George Wilson (related to John Wilson of Peyote Cult). F&S 928

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2t). Moses, Jesse, and Nick Peters.
Oklahoma Delaware -- t. Little people slay great bull
n.d. 3 items Box 6

Material obtained by Frank G. Speck. In English. F&S 894

III(9C2u). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- u. song texts
n.d. 2 items Box 6

Text with interlinear translation; 2 versions of 1 song. Meant to accompany "Record H" (unknown). F&S 1184

III(9C2v). Oklahoma Delaware -- v. Text on morality
n.d. 1 item Box 6

Text with interlinear translation. F&S 1189

III(9C2w). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- w. Social organization field notes
n.d. 12 items Box 6

Notes and brief typed documents relating to the Turtle clan (7p.), class divisions (6p.), funeral ceremony (2p.), history of clans (3p.), names (13p.), locations and place names (4p.), concept of soul (4p.), miscellaneous (10p. and 8 cards). Fred Washington, Wolf Clan Ceremonies (2p.). Images note: pencil sketches of totem emblems: turtle, horse, turkey symbolizing signatures. F&S 921

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

III(9C2x). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Oklahoma Delaware -- x. Gourd designs
n.d. 1 item Box 6

Images note: pencil sketches of symbols on gourd rattle with interpretations; rattle for Peyote ceremonies. F&S 908

III(9C2y). Wilson, Reuben.
Oklahoma Delaware -- y. letters from
1941 12 items Box 6

Letters concerning museum specimens, model, and sketch of Big House. March 18, 1941, 1p. and enc., concerning masks, other specimens, sketch of Delaware church (1925); April 23, 1941, 1p., concerning Big House and "Messing 1941, 1p. sketch of mask and costume of Messing; May 2, 1941, 2p., concerning Messing; May 7, 1941, post card of Fred Washington to Speck concerning Wilson; Sept. 12, 1941, 1p., concerning a mortar; Oct. 11, 1941, 1p., concerning Lenape words and Big House model. List of articles and prices; 1p. 2 queries of Speck on cards with Wilson's answers. Images note: photographs of Reuben Wilson, Washington County, Oklahoma Delaware; sketches of peace pipe, tobacco pouch, homing spoon, canoe, paddle, figure with bear hide cover and mask. F&S 937

Restrictions on Use: This item contains potentially culturally sensitive material. Reproduction, including Reading Room photography, is prohibited.

Reuben Wilson (Weekpakehing)
III(9C2z). War Eagle.
Oklahoma Delaware -- z. letters from
1933-1944 36 items Box 6

Concerning War Eagle's collecting legends and traditions; his obtaining museum specimens; information on peyote and on Big House; his health; reservation and national Indian affairs; some mention of Pawnee, Nanticoke, etc. See various other documents listed separately, but transmitted with these letters. Includes the following tales: snow boy tale, boy captive of bear, trickster tale, Pawnee witch story. F&S 932

3. Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware
III(8C3a). Moses, Jesse, Jr..
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- a. letters from
1932-1948 19 items Box 5

Letters: April 7, 1934, 1p., concerning obtaining data; Oct. 5, 1940, 4p., concerning reservation activities; Dec. 11, 1941, 4p., reservation affairs; Nov. 23, 1942, (typed copy?), 1p., concerning Speck (1942) and Indian affairs; Nov. 13, 1944, 5p., wrongs to Indians and miscellaneous; Nov. 29, 1944, 4p., concerning Lenni Lenape and data Moses is gathering; Dec. 3, 1944, 8p., same subject; Dec. 7, 1944, 4p., (typed), Story of Nick (Peters?) and white captives; Sept. 7, 1945, 3p., concerning Delaware affairs, speculations on Delaware religion, concept of Great Spirit and conversion to Christianity; Aug. 4, 1947, 4p., miscellaneous Cayuga and Delaware affairs; Nov. 31, 1945, 6p., sends treaty of 1777 of British and Indians at Detroit, discusses manufacture of museum specimens; Sept. 7, 1948, 3p., miscellaneous, discusses meeting with Mormon missionaries; ca. 19431944, 1p., fragment of letter. Speck field notes taken from Jesse Moses, 1944, 3p. Images note: 7 photographs of old and young Jesse Moses. F&S 893

III(8C3b). Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- b. [no entry]
  Box 5
III(8C3c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- c. Miscellaneous notes
1938-1945 16 items Box 5

Abstract of report on University of Pennsylvania grant (Bear Ceremony), 1p. Ethnographic notes, 17p. Letters: M. R. Harrington (Southwest Museum) to Speck, March 11, 1938, T.L.S., 1p., concerning his MS. on Delaware (1945a) and comparisons with Minsi; Charles Edgar Gilliam to Speck, Oct. 22, 1945, A.L.S., 2p., concerning the celestial bear theme, refers to William Byrd's attributing aphrodisiacal powers to bear meat and Gilliam suggests that the winter ceremony thus insures birth of children at harvest when there will be food; Paul A. W. Wallace to Speck, Sept. 11, 1945, T.L.S., 1p., concerns Joseph Montour and his return to his native religion. Images note: ink sketch of shaft and cup. F&S 912

III(8C3d). Hill, Jasper "Big White Owl".
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- d. Stories
1934-1943 11 items Box 5

Two narratives by an acculturated Moravian Delaware and accompanying letters (seeking and transmitting information): Hill to Frank G. Speck, Mar. 15, 1934; April, 1934; April 28, 1934; Feb. 28, 1943. Images note: photograph of Big White Owl, sketch by Big White Owl of logo. F&S 892

III(8C3e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- e. Notes on life and geneology of Joseph Montour
1932 3 items Box 5

Includes chart of succession of chiefs, 1855-1937; data from Joseph Montour (biographical). 3p. biography of Nicodemus Peters (1859-1938). F&S 916

III(8C3f). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- f. Field notes
1945 1 item Box 5

Linguistic materials: names of objects, materia medica names. Images note: 2 pencil sketches by John Witthoft of bow. F&S 1177

III(8C3g). Montour, Josiah.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- g. Texts narrated by
1931-1936 7 items Box 6

Six texts in Delaware with interlinear translations. F&S 1173

III(8C3h). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- h. Field notes
1946 4 items Box 6

Field trip with Anthony F. C. Wallace and Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Carpenter: Delaware text, no translation, from Josiah Montour; Delaware, Cayuga, and Mohawk words. F&S 1181

III(8C3i). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- i. Field notes
1936 2items Box 6

Ethnographic and linguistic notes; concerns ceremonies and text. Letter of Nicodemus Peters to Speck, March 2, 1936, concerning masks and a turtle rattle. F&S 907

III(8C3j). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- j. Hoop game
1944-1945 3 items Box 6

Cayuga hoop game data from Deskaheh. Typed D. description of Delaware-Munsee hoop game. Postal card, Nov. 24, 1944, of Ernest S. Dodge to Speck, concerning reference to hoop game in Morgan's League of the Iroquois (1851). F&S 559

III(8C3k). Peters, Nick.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- k. Letters from and concerning
1935-1939 15 items Box 6

Letters of Peters to Speck concerning museum specimens being obtained by Peters: Jan. 3, 1938; April 11, 1938; May 1, 1938; and no date. Letters concerning death of Peters and his collecting museum specimens: Irma Peters to Speck, Nov. 23, 1938, 2p., Margaret Vanderberg to Speck, Jan. 8, 1938; ? to Speck, n.d., concerning Peters data on executions; three letters of Frank Siebert to Speck, July 24, 1938, 2p., Nov. 20, 1938, 2p., and June 25, 1939, all concerning linguistic field work with Peters and museum specimens. 4p. biographical data concerning Nekatcit. F&S 898

III(8C3l). John, Samuel.
Canadian (Grand River, Ont.) Delaware -- l. letters from
1934-1935 4 items Box 6

Three letters concerning John's Tutelo background and Speck's visit to Canadian Delawares. Sept. 4, 1934, 3p.; Jan. 8, 1935, 4p.; June 2, 1935, 2p. F&S 3821

III(10D1a). Butler, Eva L..
General New England -- a. "Letters of the Indians"
n.d. 1 item Box 6

29 letters of seventeenth-century Indians, principally from archives in Connecticut State Library. A pamphlet issued by Industrial Arts Cooperative Service. Contents and index. F&S 343

D. New England Algonkians (also including Algonkians of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick)
1. General New England
III(10D1b). Butler, Eva L..
General New England -- b. "Colonial Letters of our Ancestors"
n.d. 1 item Box 6

19 letters of seventeenth-century colonial Connecticut, principally from Connecticut State Library. A pamphlet issued by Industrial Arts Cooperative Service. Contents and index. F&S 342

III(10D1c). General New England -- c. Tribal Maps
n.d. Box 6

[see map files]

III(10D1d). Butler, Eva L..
General New England -- d. "Ethnobotany and Ethnozoology of the New England Indians"
n.d. 1 item Box 6

90p. of ethnobotanical references, 29p. of ethnozoological references found in a 3p. bibliography of seventeenth and eighteenth century sources. F&S 331

III(10D1e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
General New England -- e. Bibliography of New England Tribes
n.d. 1 item Box 6

Nineteenth-century printed references; some twentieth-century. F&S 2092

2. Penobscot
III(11D2a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- a. "Bird Lore of the Northern Indians"
n.d. 2 items Box 7

A faculty public lecture, University of Pennsylvania. Images note: photomechanical print of Penobscot around campfire. F&S 2925

III(11D2b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- b. Miscellaneous Notes
1912-1946 55 items Box 7

Correspondence relating to Speck's Penobscot work also, letters from informants, and various documents. Speck to Roland E. Nelson (Needahbeh), May 14, 1928, T.L., c.c., 1p., concerning drum for exhibit. Franz Boas, May 31, 1940, T.L.S., 1p. John M. Cooper, Aug. 11, 1940, A.L.S., 2p. William B. Goodwin, Nov. 9 and 21, 1940, T.L.S., 6p. and 1p. E. V. McCollum, May 24, 1940, T.L.S., 1p. Roland E. Nelson, April 28, 1940, A.L.S., 2p. J. Dyneley Prince, May 18, 1940, A.L.S., 2p. all concerning Penobscot Man; Clifford P. Wilson to Speck, Dec. 29, 1937 and Feb. 2, 1938, T.L.S., 1p., both concerning Moosehair embroidery; Edward Reman, May 19, 1940, T.L.S., 2p., concerning Norse influence on Penobscot; Carrie A. Lyford, May 9, 1941, A.L.S., lp., concerning moose-wool controversy and Ann Stimson's report; Ann Stimson, n.d. (1941?) T.L.S., 1p., letter of thanks; Henry Noyes Otis, March 20, 1939, A.L.S., 2p. concerning genealogy of Indians named Sias on Cape Cod (Speck marked this Penobscot). Princess Pretty Woman, April 13, 1946, 1p., concerning her dress. Dorothy Panco, April 27, 1946, A.L.S., 2p., concerning Princess Pretty Woman's dress (both are Indians). Roland W. Mann, Nov. 8, 1943, A.L.S., 2p., concerning site of Indian occupancy according to Penobscot tradition; Ryuzo Torii, July 26, 1943, T.L.S., 1p., letter of introduction. 1p. typed transcript from printed D., 5p. transcript of agreements of Indians of Nova Scotia and English, Aug. 15, 1749, and 2p. transcript of agreement of July 13, 1727 (letter of transmittal, Lloyd Price to Miss MacDonald, Sept. 24, 1936, A.L.S., 1p.). Ann K. Stimson, Moose Wool (A.D., 2p. and 3 1p. typed copies) and Climbing Powers of the American Mink (A.D. 2p. and 3 1p. typed copies). Miscellaneous: 14p. and 17p. of field notes, Malecite and Penobscot. 9p. songs, kinship, totem, medicine, social units, 4p. Penobscot words and their cultural use; 10p. misc., and B cards. Images note: 10 sketches of face painting. F&S 2932

III(11D2c). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- c. Penobscot religion
1910 15 items Box 7

An introductory statement in 4p. with a 5p. revision; also, 8L. of miscellaneous notes. F&S 2938

III(11D2d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- d. Penobscot field notes
1909-1911 32 items Box 7

An introduction and description of canoemaking; miscellaneous ethnographic field notes; data on face painting, etc. Images note: 11 contact prints, 3 albumen prints, 42 sketches of canoe-making, face painting, double curve design, portraits, snow snake, game diagrams. F&S 2927

III(11D2e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- e. MS. of Penobscot Man
n.d. 46 items Box 7

77p. of manuscript for Speck (1940a); plates (figures); Bp. letter of Frank (Siebert?) to Speck, May 29, 1939, concerning his Penobscot MS. Images note: 112 ink sketches of mocassins, baskets, utensils, bowls, spoons, show shoes, combs, shelters, bark implements. F&S 2937

III(11D2f). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- f. Counting and measuring
n.d. 1 item Box 7

Material not printed in Penobscot Man (1940a): 4p. on counting; 2p, on names of acculturated objects; 4p. on manners and dispositions; 2p. on attitudes and behavior. F&S 2926

III(11D2g). Swadesh, Morris and Charles F. Voegelin.
Penobscot -- g. Scientific Penobscot Alphabet
n.d. 1 item Box 7

Scientific Penobscot alphabet F&S 2946

III(12D2h). Echstorm, F. H..
Penobscot -- h. letters from
1936-1941 14 items Box 8

Letters concerning publication and criticism of Penobscot Man; ethnographic data on Penobscot; relationship of Penobscot-Mohegan and Mahican; also, comparison of Zuñi-Navajo and Red Paint; Tutelo. F&S 2920

III(12D2i). Penobscot -- i. [no entry]
  Box 8
III(12D2j). Penobscot -- j. [no entry]
  Box 8
III(12D2k). Needahbeh.
Penobscot -- k. Penobscot sayings
n.d. 1 item Box 8

Miscellany not used in book (1940). F&S 2939

III(12D2l). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- l. House furnishings
1935 2 items Box 8

Some parts not used in Speck (1940a). F&S 2928

III(12D2m). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- m. Hunting morality
n.d. 1 item Box 8

Religious aspect of hunting. F&S 2929

III(12D2n). Penobscot -- n. [no entry]
  Box 8
III(12D2o). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- o. Notes on Penobscot Social Organization
n.d. 6 items Box 8

Charts on family, its size, totem, etc., 2p.; 2p. on family history and names; 39p. miscellaneous notes, 1918, including text interlinear translation; Micmac data. F&S 2933

III(12D2p). Penobscot -- p. [no entry]
  Box 8
III(12D2q). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- q. Penobscot calendar system
1916-1928 2 items Box 8

Notebook on calendar and seasons for hunting and sugar-making. Letter (part c.c.) of A. L. Kroeber to Speck, together with 1p. cluestionnaire on comparative calendars. F&S 2936

III(12D2r). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- r. Penobscot animal lore
1924 2 items Box 8

Data; cf. Speck (1935b) (?). F&S 2934

III(12D2s). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- s. Penobscot Art and the Penobscot texts
n.d. 5 item Box 8

Material not used in Penobscot Man because of duplication in Speck (1927b). Images note: 6 photgraphs of wampum, tobacco pouch, mocassins, beaded cuffs, woman's hair ornament; 118 ink sketches of double curve designs. F&S 2935

Buckskin tobacco pouch
III(12D2t). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- t. Penobscot texts (I)
1928 19 items Box 8

Texts with interlinear translations; several English texts; typed versions of texts in English. F&S 2945

III(12D2t). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Penobscot -- t. Penobscot texts (II)
1928 5 items Box 8

 F&S 2945

3. Malecite
III(13D3a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Malecite -- a. Malacite Dance
1936 4 items Box 8

Text with interlinear translation; notes; musical score. F&S 2099

III(13D3b). Prince, J. Dyneley.
Malecite -- b. Passamaquoddy-Malecite Dictionary
1921 1 item Box 8

Indian-English, arranged according to English alphabet; also, English-Indian. Based on 1911 collection of Passamaquoddy texts printed in Prince (1921). F&S 2649

III(13D3c). Malecite -- c. [no entry]
  Box 9
III(13D3d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Malecite -- d. Miscellaneous Malecite field notes
1917-1948 19 items Box 9

7p. of slips containing Malecite words; 1p. printed map of St. John's River with Malecite villages marked; 12p. Malecite terms (with a few Penobscot items), 1948: 12p. unpublished notes on hunting territories. Letter of J. Clarence Webster (Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada), July 24, 1945, T.L.S., 1p., concerning present life of Malecite and Micmac. Letter of Edwin Tappan Adney, Feb. 9, 1946, T.L.S., 1p., concerning the Celestial Bear, Malecite-Delaware comparisons. F&S 2101

III(13D3e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Malecite -- e. Malecite notes
1949 1 item Box 9

Vocabulary list, hunting terms, names of trees. Images note: 7 sketches of pictographs. F&S 2100

4. Mohegan-Mohican
III(10D4a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohegan-Mohican -- a. Mohegans in Maine
1939 2 items Box 7

Reading notes. Images note: sketches and newspaper clippings photographs of tribal living. F&S 2283

III(10D4b). Tantaquidgeon, Gladys.
Mohegan-Mohican -- b. Correspondence with
1938 2 items Box 7

A Connecticut Mohegan Indian, employed by the Government, writes of Shawnee legends and inquires about silk appliqué techniques. Newsclippings. F&S 3648

III(10D4c). Mohegan-Mohican -- c. Miscellaneous notes
1916-1936 19 items Box 7

Commentary on Fidelia Fielding's Texts, 15p. in notebook; notes for 1920 Pequot trip, with Nehantic and Pennacook notes. 3 letters of Hon. Thomas W. Bicknell to Frank G. Speck, Feb. 11, March 1, and March 11, 1924: commentaries on lectures, etc. concerning Indians in Rhode Island. Notes on Mohegan social organization 2p.; 1p. of incomplete letter of Red Wing concerning Indian affairs; miscellaneous Stockbridge notes, 5p.; George Heye to Speck, Feb. 8, 1916, T.L.S., 1p., re publication; J. R. Swanton to Speck, June 22, no year, A.L.S., 3p., concerning his exhibition for Mohegan Stockbridge data, 3p. from published sources; postal card from Princess Pretty War, re dress, Oct. 26, 1943; Ernest E. Rogers to Speck, March 7, 1934, T.L.S., 1p., of New London Hist. Society re Mohegan-Pequot Diary of Speck. Miscellaneous 4p. and 6 cards F&S 2284

III(10D4d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohegan-Mohican -- d. Plants at Mohegan
n.d. 1 item Box 7

21 trees and uses of their products noted on cards; other cards lacking data. F&S 2287

III(10D4e). Butler, Eva L..
Mohegan-Mohican -- e. "Mohegan Indians Deeds"
n.d. 1 item Box 7

22 deeds of seventeenth century signed by Connecticut Mohegan Indians: Connecticut archival sources. A pamphlet of the Industrial Arts Cooperative Service. Contents and index. Images note: 48 ink sketches of totem symbols as signatures. F&S 2285

III(10D4f). Mohegan-Mohican -- f. [no entry]
  Box 7
III(10D4g). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohegan-Mohican -- g. Mohegan elect chief
n.d. 1 item Box 7

Copy for a news release. F&S 2282

III(10D4h). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Mohegan-Mohican -- h. Mohegan Pequot Texts and vocabulary material
n.d. 1 item Box 7

Mohegan-Pequot texts, 28p. together with a 22p. carbon of another draft. 2p. text and interlinear translation; 2p. phonetic notes; 5p. comparative material and names; 3p. grammatical notes and comparisons; an 1892 vocabulary of Mohegan, 2p. and 1 card. 4p. comparisons. F&S 2286

5. Micmac
III(13D5a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Micmac -- a. Micmac Dance
n.d. 2 items Box 9

Text with interlinear translation and notes; musical score. F&S 2246

III(13D5b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Micmac -- b. Miscellaneous Micmac notes
1909-1926 26 items Box 9

15 bibliographical slips, 8p. of reading notes, concerning hieroglyphics of Micmac. 2p. list of informants; 1p. list of specimens, 1916; 2 copies of printed Micmac mission newspaper, Setaneoei. 1910 and 1920. Note book 1914, 24p. containing words and names of informants; 1 card. 8p. notes including a text in English; 12p. reading notes; 2p. "nominal suffixes"; 1p. bird names of Micmac; 2p. miscellaneous. Letters: Stansbury Hagar to Speck, Jan. 7, 1909, 3p. A.L.S. concerning his Micmac and Cherokee notes; also his bibliography. Same to same, March 8, 1926, 2p. incomplete and 1p. typed copy, concerning his explanation of triangulation to a Micmac chief. John Sark to G. A. Paul, June 30, 1914, 1p. transmits 3p. Micmac text (in mission Micmac). Newell Lyon to Speck, Feb. 21, 1919, 2p. A.L.S. thanking Speck for book. Mrs. Newell Lyon, March 13, 1919, 2p. A.L.S. concerning Lyon's death. News-clipping. F&S 2231

III(13D5c). Milais, J. J..
Micmac -- c. Observations
1907 7 items Box 9

An incomplete article or set of reading excerpts taken after 1922 by Speck from J. J. Millais (1907). F&S 2232

III(13D5d). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Micmac -- d. Traveler's account of the Micmac in 1822
n.d. 1 item Box 9

A brief article. F&S 2233

III(13D5e). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Micmac -- e. Micmac Field Notes
1915 9 items Box 9

Notebook of 13p. concerning wampum, Hunting Territories; some reference to Passamaquoddy; notebook of 29p. Cape Breton Micmac texts; Newfoundland Micmac data and traditions. 7p. Cape Breton Micmac Texts (English); 1p. map with names of Bear River Band members; 4p, draft of article on Micmac Hunting Territories; 1 envelope of miscellaneous notes; 1 piece birch bark with pictographs inscribed. F&S 2230

III(13D5f). Butler, Eva L..
Micmac -- f. Notes from Jesuit Relations
n.d. 1 item Box 9

Extracts concerning the sweat house. F&S 2227

III(13D5g). Witthoft, J..
Micmac -- g. Micmac notes
1949 4 items Box 9

10p. of linguistic notes and vocabulary collected along the Miramichi River. 6p. typed copy by John Witthoft. F&S 2247

6. Narraganset
III(14D6a). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Narraganset -- a. Physical measurements of the Narraganset male
1917 1 item Box 9

Male 1/4 Nehantic, 1/2 Brotherton (Narraganset). F&S 2369

III(14D6b). Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950.
Narraganset -- b. Miscellaneous notes
1916-1926 4 items Box 9

Comparative vocabulary of Massachusetts, Narraganset, Mohegan, Pequot, and Naugatuck