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Abstract

Ashley Montagu (1905-1999), physical anthropologist, was a prominent figure in American intellectual life. British by birth, educated at University College London and the London School of Economics, then Columbia University in New York City, Montagu was a persistent advocate for gender and racial equality. He was a tireless activist for human understanding and child welfare in particular. Departing from academe in 1955, a victim of McCarthyite hysteria, he was a remarkably prolific writer and speaker, eventually publishing more than 50 books, over 40 of them after he left the academy. Montagu continued to lobby passionately against the primacy of race in discussions of intellect and skill, and undertook works in a wide variety of fields, from evolution to parenting. Some of his most significant works include Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race (1942), the UNESCO Statement on Race (1951), Man and Aggression (1968) and his novel The Elephant Man (1971), which became the basis for an award winning play and movie. Ashley Montagu’s contributions to the spread of scientific knowledge and human understanding make him one of the most important intellectuals of the 20th century.

Background note

Ashley Montagu, born Israel Ehrenberg on June 28, 1905, was a British-American anthropologist, specializing in the areas of race and gender issues, as well as a prolific speaker and author, publishing over 50 books in his lifetime. The son of Jewish tailor Charles Ehrenberg and his wife, Mary Plot Ehrenberg, Montagu was born and raised in London's working class East End neighborhood. Although the reasoning behind his name change was never revealed, it may have been due to anti-Semitic prejudice faced by many East End Jews during his childhood, and Montagu might have felt the need to distance himself from his parents’ Russian and Polish backgrounds.

Montagu earned his undergraduate degree from University College London in psychology and anthropology. After studying anthropology at the London School of Economics under Bronislaw Malinowski, Montagu left England for the United States. He arrived at New York City in 1927 and began taking graduate classes at Columbia University. Montagu then traveled to Italy in 1928, where he took classes in ethnography and anthropology at the University of Florence. Upon his return to the United States in 1931, while working as an assistant professor of anthropology at New York University, Montagu married Marjorie Peakes. The couple would have two daughters, Audrey and Barbara, as well as a son, Geoffrey. In 1934 Montagu returned to Columbia University, culminating his postgraduate work at Columbia in 1936 with his dissertation, Coming into being among the Australian Aborigines: A study of the procreative beliefs of the native tribes of Australia, produced under the direction of Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict. Based largely on his dissertation, Montagu’s first book, Coming into Being among the Australian Aborigines, was published in 1937. After he completed his education, Montagu taught anatomy at Hahnemann Medical College in Philadelphia in 1938 and became an American citizen in 1940. It was during his time at Hahnemann that he began to produce work relating to race, resulting in his seminal work, Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race, published in 1942. The work controversially advanced the argument that race was a social construct imposed upon a complex biological substratum and demolished the arguments for inherent inequality between human populations. The influential nature of Man’s Most Dangerous Myth led to Montagu’s service on the 4th United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) task force, in 1949. The ten member UNESCO committee, composed of such world-renowned social scientists as Claude Levi-Strauss and E. Franklin Frazier, was created to collect information about the problem of race and to establish educational programs to disseminate its findings. The resultant document, authored by Montagu, the group’s rapporteur, was published as the “Statement on Race” in 1951. The Committee’s final statement on race asserted: 1)All mankind belong to the same species and that the differences between groups are few compared to all of the genetic similarities. 2)That Race designates a group with high frequency of physical characteristics or particular genetic trait and that these traits fluctuate or even disappear over time. 3)The way in which people are grouped does not reflect the capacity or character traits of a particular group. The differences between races are physical and have no correlation with other traits like intelligence.

Upon leaving Hahnemann Medical College in 1949, Montagu moved to Rutgers University, where he was a professor of anthropology and head of the department from 1949 to 1955. While at Rutgers, Montagu wrote perhaps his most famous work, The Natural Superiority of Women, published in 1953. Examining the differences between the sexes anthropologically, Montagu concluded that women were the superior sex because they possessed a better capability to survive both as individuals and in groups- talents necessary for an advancing society. Based on these conclusions, he suggested that women receive equal pay for equal work, a controversial stance at the time.

With his prolific writing skills to rely on financially, and facing strong backlash for his openly liberal views and anti-McCarthy public statements, Montagu accepted a forced retirement from Rutgers in 1955 at the age of 50. Though retired from academic life, he continued to lecture at such institutions as Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Santa Barbara, and New York University. Settling in Princeton, New Jersey, Montagu’s work took up a more humanist element with Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, his effort to encourage parents to take a more physical role in raising their children and especially to encourage mothers to breastfeed their babies. Published during that same year, Montagu’s book The Elephant Man: A Study in Human Dignity, a history of the life of disfigured Briton Joseph Merrick, inspired a Tony winning play and later a motion picture. He continued publishing through the 1980s, including The Nature of Human Aggression (1976) and Growing Young (1981), while making numerous and notable television appearances on Johnny Carson’s Tonight Show as well as the Phil Donahue Show.

In his lifetime, Montagu received many major awards, among them the American Association of Humanists’ 1995 Man of the Year award, the Darwin Award from the American Association of Physical Anthropologist in 1994, and the Distinguished Achievement Award from the American Anthropological Association in 1987. Montagu maintained an active schedule of lecturing and gardening around his Princeton, New Jersey, home until he was hospitalized in March 1999; he died on November 26, 1999 from heart disease, at the age of ninety-four. He was survived by his wife of sixty-eight years, Marjorie, as well as his son and two daughters.

Scope and content

The collection documents Ashley Montagu’s entire career from 1927 to 1999. The collection consists of 55.75 linear feet of material, organized into twelve series, plus oversize. Nearly half of the collection is Montagu’s correspondence with colleagues, publishers, coauthors, and intellectuals from almost every discipline, as well as admirers from many different walks of life. There also several complete manuscripts of Montagu’s work including The Natural Superiority of Women, The Elephant Man, and The Anatomy of Swearing, as well as numerous journal and magazine articles authored by Montagu. The collection reflects the range of Montagu’s intellectual interest and his influence across the spectrum of academic disciplines over his 60 year career. The collection was acquired from the Montagu estate in July 2001.

Arrangement Series I- Correspondence (25.25 linear feet) Series II- Correspondence with Publishers (3.5 linear feet) Series III- Works by Montagu (12.75 linear feet) Series IV- Media Appearances (1.25 linear feet) Series V- Princeton (0.5 linear feet) Series VI- Works by Others (5 linear feet) Series VII- Committees and Organizations (1.75 linear feet) Series VIII- Certificates and Awards (0.25 linear feet) Series IX- Personal Information (0.5 linear feet) Series X- Printed Materials (3 linear feet) Series XI- Photographs (1.5 linear feet) Series XII- Recordings (0.5 linear feet)

Collection information

Provenance

Acquired from the Montagu estate, July 2001.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Ashley Montagu Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Processed by Jack Gumbrecht (2002), Claude Barnes (2007-2008) and Adam Najarian (2009-2010).

General physical description

55.75 linear feet.

African American History Note

Scholars of African American history will find much useful information on the subject of race in this collection.

Indexing Terms

Subject(s)

  • Anthropology
  • Anthropology, ethnography, fieldwork
  • Biology, genetics, eugenics
  • Gender
  • Race, race relations, racism
  • Race.
  • Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform
  • Social inequality
Collection overview
 25.25 linear feet

Series I consists of Ashley Montagu’s correspondence with various colleagues and scholars over the course of his entire professional life, as well as correspondence with friends and fans. Of particular interest is his correspondence with Theodosius Dobzhansky, Bronislaw Malinowski, and Albert Einstein. There are four letters to Montagu from Einstein and copies of Montagu’s responses. The bulk of the correspondence is incoming.

 3.5 linear feet

Series II is comprised of Montagu’s correspondence with the many publishers he worked with in over 50 years of writing. The chief correspondent is Oxford University Press, publisher of Man and Aggression and Race and IQ.

 12.75 linear feet

Series III consists of works by Ashley Montagu, related notes, and correspondence; reviews of individual works are also included. It contains complete book manuscripts, as well as journal and popular magazine articles. Much of the series is comprised of undated manuscripts of both published and unpublished articles, typewritten by Montagu. Also included are class notes taken by Montagu during his time as a graduate student at Columbia University from classes taught by Ruth Benedict and Franz Boas, as well as course materials from classes he taught at Harvard. Book reviews written by Montagu are included, as well as works by other authors that were included in works edited by Montagu. Unpublished poems authored by Montagu are also included, which highlight the diversity of his interests and abilities.

 1.25 linear feet

Series IV consists of correspondence, transcripts and ephemera from Montagu’s appearances on television and radio, as well as his many speaking engagements. The bulk of the material is from the 1980s, when Montagu was most active.

 0.5 linear feet

Series V is made up of material from Montagu’s time at Princeton University. While not a professor there, Montagu served many years as a lecturer and a fellow at Princeton’s Stevenson Hall. The series consists of class materials, student evaluations, and correspondence to and from the University, the Stevenson Hall administration, and the Library Advisory Council, on which Montagu served.

 5.0 linear feet

Series VI is comprised of works by others, and greatly reflects Montagu’s varied interests: racial and social equality, women’s rights, child development, humanistic psychology and genetics. These interests are represented by the works of many influential people in the aforementioned fields, such as Henry Louis Gates Jr., Theodosius Dobzhansky, Mary S. Calderone, J.B.S. Haldane, Arthur Jensen, A.H. Maslow, Benjamin Pasamanick and many others. Montagu remained well read in the works of those authors he did not always agree with, especially the racial and eugenic theories of men like Jensen and Haldane, so while the series does not accurately reflect the entirety of Montagu’s opinions, it is a great resource for discovering his sphere of interest.

 1.75 linear feet

Series VII consists of material relating to the various committees and organizations that in which Montagu participated. From the early sixties until 1996, Montagu served as the chairperson of the Cleveland Foundation’s Anisfield-Wolf Book Award prize jury, and consequently much of this series consists of Anisfield-Wolf Book Award material. Also prevalent is material relating to a number of childbirth and educational groups.

 0.25 linear feet

Series VIII contains certificates and awards received by Ashley Montagu. A majority of the series dates to the 1990s, and is largely made up of lifetime achievement awards.

 0.5 linear feet

Series IX, Montagu’s personal information, contains a wide variety of items. From a primary school grade sheet, to his admission certificate to Columbia University, to his curriculum vitae, and even obituaries, the series spans his entire life. Also included is information regarding Montagu’s Princeton home, passports and tax documents, memorabilia from his England home and personal financial documents, among other ephemera.

 3.0 linear feet

Series X, the printed materials series, consists of published works and reprints authored mainly by others, but including one work by Montagu himself. Also included are bound volumes, magazines and newsletters, as well as trial transcripts from the William Shockley libel lawsuit against Cox Enterprises from 1984, for which Montagu was deposed.

 1.5 linear feet

Series XI consists of photographs. Included are portraits of Montagu for professional use, as well as candid snapshots of Montagu with family and friends. Also incorporated are photos taken sure Montagu’s conversations with Einstein at the latter’s Princeton, New Jersey, home, as well as various other photographs Montagu acquired through the course of his studies and teaching tenures. Series XI also contains photos removed from correspondence for conservation purposes, as well as an assortment of photographs of Montagu’s friends and acquaintances.

 0.5 linear feet

Series XII contains audio and visual recordings of Montagu at various speaking engagements, as well as audio recordings of Montagu’s radio debates with William Shockley.



Detailed Inventory
Correspondence
 25.25 linear feet

Series I consists of Ashley Montagu’s correspondence with various colleagues and scholars over the course of his entire professional life, as well as correspondence with friends and fans. Of particular interest is his correspondence with Theodosius Dobzhansky, Bronislaw Malinowski, and Albert Einstein. There are four letters to Montagu from Einstein and copies of Montagu’s responses. The bulk of the correspondence is incoming.

General physical description: 25.25 linear feet

Abbie, A.A
1953-19645 itemsBox 1
Abbot, Charles
19502 itemsBox 1
Academic Recording Institute
19591 itemBox 1
Acheson, Nancy
19811 itemBox 1
Ackerknecht, Erwin
19461 itemBox 1
Adams, Ansel
1966-19763 itemBox 1
Adams, Daniel
19681 itemBox 1
Adams, David
1979-198619 itemsBox 1
Adams, Deanna
19911 item 1Box 1
Adams, Frances
19691 itemBox 1
Adams, Gordon
19911 itemBox 1
Adams, John
19721 itemBox 1
Adams, Mary
1966; 19872 itemsBox 1
Adams, Phyllis
undated1 itemBox 1
Adams, Robert
19511 itemBox 1
Adams, Ruth
19711 itemBox 1
Adams, Taylor
undated1 itemBox 1
Adcock, Joe
19691 itemBox 1
Adelberg, Michael
1986; 1990-199613 itemsBox 1
Adelman, Bob
undated1 itemBox 1
Adler, Alexander
19701 itemBox 1
Adler, Elmer
19364 itemsBox 1
Adler, Michael
19831 itemBox 1
Adwokat, Nancy
19821 itemBox 1
Aedy, Edna
19761 itemBox 1
Agathos, Barbara
19691 itemBox 1
Agogino, George
1959-19653 itemsBox 1
Agonito, Rosemary
19791 itemBox 1
Ahlstrom, Cyndie
19811 itemBox 1
Aiello, Valeria
19773 itemsBox 1
Aiken, Charlotte
1954-1967; undated16 itemsBox 1
Aiken, William
19481 itemBox 1
Ainsworth, Jerry
1993; undated2 itemsBox 1
Akeley, Barton
19641 itemBox 1
Akiyama, Tomiya
19791 itemBox 1
Alatriste, Irma
19771 itemBox 1
Alben, Ruth
19881 itemBox 1
Aldington, Richard
1943-19444 itemsBox 1
Aldrich, Robert
19631 itemBox 1
Aldridge, John
1955-196612 itemsBox 1
Alexander, Jason
19811 itemBox 1
Alexander, N.E
19762 itemsBox 1
Alexander, Rae Pace
19651 itemBox 1
Alexander, Richard
1975-197823 itemsBox 1
Aley Associates
1961-1963; undated30 itemsBox 1
Alford, John
19501 itemBox 1
Aligica, Paul Dragos
19921 itemBox 1
Alison, Henry
19691 itemBox 1
Allard, Gerold
19881 itemBox 1
Allee, W.C
1949-19514 itemsBox 1
Allen, Deanna
19931 itemBox 1
Allen, Edna
19831 itemBox 1
Allen, John MD
19721 itemBox 1
Allen, Richard Hobcraft
19761 itemBox 1
Allen, Robert
19831 itemBox 1
Allen, Steve
19861 itemBox 1
Allerand, C. Dominique
19641 itemBox 1
Allison, Clive
19831 itemBox 1
Allport, Gordon
19461 itemBox 1
Alvarez, Walter
19931 itemBox 1
Amemiya, Tsuyoshi
1970-1987149 itemsBox 1
Amemiya, Tsuyoshi
1988-199895 itemsBox 1
Amis, Kingsley
1959; undated2 itemsBox 2
Amorde, Eric
19821 itemBox 2
Amory, Cleveland
19661 itemBox 2
Anagnosti, John
1981-1982; undated14 itemsBox 2
Andersen, Jim and Susan
1987-1992; undated22 itemsBox 2
Anderson, Caroline
19771 itemBox 2
Anderson, Ian
19711 itemBox 2
Anderson, Joyce Sloan
19711 itemBox 2
Anderson, Nancy
undated1 itemBox 2
Anderson, Robert C
19832 itemsBox 2
Anderson, Robert
19543 itemsBox 2
Anderson, Susan
1993; 19942 itemsBox 2
Andreski, L
19811 itemBox 2
Andrews, Allison
19891 itemBox 2
Andrews, Duncan
19741 itemBox 2
Angel
1981-1985; undated6 itemsBox 2
Angel, J. Lawrence
1946-19662 itemsBox 2
Angell, James
19422 itemsBox 2
Angers, Trent
1980; 19814 itemsBox 2
Angier, Natalie
19901 itemBox 2
Angstadt, Bill
19811 itemBox 2
Angyan, Andre
19761 itemBox 2
Ansbacher, Heinz
1963-197610 itemsBox 2
Anshen, Ruth
19492 itemsBox 2
Anthoney, Josephine
1975; 19762 itemsBox 2
Anti-Defamation League
1989; 199411 itemsBox 2
Apgar, Virginia
19617 itemsBox 2
Appel, Kenneth
19551 itemBox 2
Appell, Lynda
19821 itemBox 2
Apple Computers
1992; 19934 itemsBox 2
Applegate, Howard
1967-19719 itemsBox 2
Appleman, Phillip
1967-19934 itemsBox 2
Apsey, Virginia
19811 itemBox 2
Arber, Agnes
1943-19472 itemsBox 2
Arcide, Kathie
undated1 itemBox 2
Ardito, Mary
19791 itemBox 2
Ardrey, Robert
1961-19693 itemsBox 2
Arenader, Alaric
19893 itemsBox 2
Arendt, Hannah
1945-19514 itemsBox 2
Arey, Leslie
19611 itemBox 2
Arieti, Silvano
19771 itemBox 2
Armstrong, A.J
19312 itemsBox 2
Armstrong, Arthur
19821 itemBox 2
Armstrong, J. Scott
19791 itemBox 2
Armstrong, Thomas
19901 itemBox 2
Arnold, Melvin
19591 itemBox 2
Arnovitz, Benton
1972; 19902 itemsBox 2
Arruth, Stanley
undated1 itemBox 2
Arthur, Jean
19492 itemsBox 2
Ashley, Horace
19761 itemBox 2
Asimov, Isaac
19861 itemBox 2
Askanasy, Hans
1997; undated2 itemsBox 2
Aski, Candace
19791 itemBox 2
Aslwonder, Donald
19761 itemBox 2
Aubrey, J.S
19781 itemBox 2
Augusta, G.M
19821 itemBox 2
Auper, R.H
19391 itemBox 2
Ausenda, Giorgio
19771 itemBox 2
Austin-Leigh, Joan
19791 itemBox 2
Avedon, Burt
19781 itemBox 2
Avery, Jimmie Lynne
1977-19785 itemsBox 2
Avery, Mary Ellen
19851 itemBox 2
Ayana, Giselle
19961 itemBox 2
Aydelotte, Frank
19431 itemBox 2
Ayochok, William
19821 itemBox 2
Ayodele, F
19711 itemBox 2
Ayres, Hester Merwin
1967; undated2 itemsBox 2
Ayres, Lew
1968-1997; undated20 itemsBox 2
A-Misc
1968-199020 itemsBox 2
B-Misc
1943-199639 itemsBox 6
Baby Lamb Products
19821 itemBox 3
Bacard, Andre
undated1 itemBox 3
Bachrach, Fabian
19791 itemBox 3
Badal, Robert S
1985; 19874 itemsBox 4
Bailey, Herbert
19631 itemBox 3
Bailey, Janet
1976; 19922 itemsBox 3
Bailey, Percival
19612 itemsBox 3
Bain, Bruce
19802 itemsBox 3
Bair, Bruce
19675 itemsBox 3
Baird, Emily
19801 itemBox 3
Bakelaar, George
19921 itemBox 3
Baker, Deborah
19821 itemBox 3
Bakunas, Keith
19822 itemsBox 3
Balaam, John
19821 itemBox 3
Baldwin, Christy
19911 itemBox 3
Bale, John
19302 itemsBox 3
Ballantine, Ian
19531 itemBox 3
Ballif, Marie
19781 itemBox 3
Balogh, G
19791 itemBox 3
Balogh, Penelope
1972-19743 itemsBox 3
Band, Henretta
19781 itemBox 3
Banerjee, Dinabandhu
19711 itemBox 3
Banks, Max
19691 itemBox 3
Barba, Rose Marie
19841 itemBox 3
Barba, William
19741 itemBox 3
Barber, Charles
19811 itemBox 3
Barber, Edwin
19891 itemBox 3
Barbush, Elizabeth
19731 itemBox 3
Barkley, Bill
undated1 itemBox 3
Barlow, F.O
1929, 19362 itemsBox 3
Barnard, Kathryn
19901 itemBox 3
Barnes, Catherine
19891 itemBox 3
Barnes, Leo
19781 itemBox 3
Barnett, Paul
19821 itemBox 3
Barnett, S.A
1957-19878 itemsBox 3
Barnett, Steve
19881 itemBox 3
Barnhart, Clarence
19501 itemBox 3
Barnicot, N.A
1959-19603 itemsBox 3
Barr, Murray
19583 itemsBox 3
Barr, Rod
1986-198910 itemsBox 3
Barraclough, Geoffrey
19752 itemBox 3
Barrett, Reginald
19502 itemsBox 3
Barron, Louise
19884 itemsBox 3
Barrus, Cherril
19771 itemBox 3
Barry, Harriet
19772 itemsBox 3
Bartalos, Mihaly
1968-19724 itemsBox 3
Bartell, Shirley
19651 itemBox 3
Bartemeier, Leo
19501 itemBox 3
Baruch, Dorothy
1952-19613 itemsBox 3
Basco, Sharon
19771 itemBox 3
Basiuk, Victor
1972, 19772 itemsBox 3
Bass, Harry
19886 itemsBox 3
Bates, Marston
1951; 19522 itemsBox 3
Bates, Roy
19661 itemBox 3
Bateson, Gregory
1946-19835 itemsBox 3
Bateson, Patrick
19581 itemBox 3
Baudhuin, Scott
19691 itemBox 3
Bauer, Myra
19832 itemsBox 3
Baum, Carolyn Manville
19821 itemBox 3
Bax, Martin
1970-19714 itemsBox 3
Bayles, Martha
19812 itemsBox 3
Bayless, William
19711 itemBox 3
Beaglehole, Ernest
19461 itemBox 3
Beaham, Cathy
19773 itemsBox 3
Beals, Kenneth
19782 itemsBox 3
Beatty, Jerome
undated1 itemBox 3
Beaver, Charlie
19831 itemBox 3
Beck, Cameron
19841 itemBox 3
Beck, John R
19771 itemBox 3
Becker, Jean
19891 itemBox 3
Bedford, Sybille
19686 itemsBox 3
Beebe, Richard M
19691 itemBox 3
Behan, Thomas D
19681 itemBox 3
Behner, Seth
19952 itemsBox 3
Belew, Louise
19694 itemsBox 3
Belfiore, Gerardo
1990-19973 itemsBox 3
Belknap, Marty
19812 itemsBox 3
Bell, John
19881 itemBox 3
Bell, Kathy
19801 itemBox 3
Bellugi, Ursula
19751 itemBox 3
Belmont, Thomas
1978; 19792 itemsBox 3
Belshaw, Cyril
1977-19825 itemsBox 3
Ben-Israel, Ady
19952 itemsBox 3
Bender, Bob
19871 itemBox 3
Bender, Michael
1959-19617 itemsBox 3
Benedict, Gail
19711 itemBox 3
Benedict, Ruth
1936-19444 itemsBox 3
Bengsten, June
19811 itemBox 3
Benirschke, Kurt
1962; 19632 itemsBox 3
Benjamin, Jack
19511 itemBox 3
Bennefelo, Judy
19771 itemBox 3
Bennett, Jeanne
19592 itemsBox 3
Bennet, Jessica
19641 itemBox 3
Bennett, Lynn
19761 itemsBox 3
Bennett, William
1970-19841 itemBox 3
Benton, William
1970-197328 itemsBox 3
Bergen, Bernard
19652 itemsBox 4
Berger, F.M
1965-19718 itemsBox 4
Berger, Peter
19691 itemBox 4
Bergin, James
1978; undated3 itemsBox 4
Bergland, Richard
19891 itemBox 4
Bergler, Edmund
19452 itemsBox 4
Bergsoe, Paul
19381 itemBox 4
Bergson, Peter
1985-19956 itemsBox 4
Berlin, Isaiah
19541 itemBox 4
Berman, Alice
19822 itemsBox 4
Berman, Morris
19893 itemsBox 4
Berman, Phillip
1983-198927 itemsBox 4
Bermann, Sandra
undated1 itemBox 4
Berndt, Ronald
1947-19806 itemsBox 4
Bernheimer, Gladys
19521 itemBox 4
Bernheimer, Richard
March 161 itemBox 4
Bernikow, Louise
19851 itemBox 4
Berrill, John
1958-19918 itemsBox 4
Berry, Madeleine
19691 itemBox 4
Berzins, Mirdza Erika
19911 itemBox 4
Best, Geoffrey
19881 itemBox 4
Best, Jerry
19891 itemBox 4
Bettelheim, Bruno
1954-19683 itemsBox 4
Bhaumik, M.C
1988-19986 itemsBox 4
Bianco, Lori
19871 itemBox 4
Bielenson, Peter
1936; undated2 itemsBox 4
Bijur, Marion
19531 itemBox 4
Bijur, Victoria
19791 itemBox 4
Bingham, Wheelock H
19683 itemsBox 4
Binus, Emily
19811 itemBox 4
Bird, Caroline
19581 itemBox 4
Bird, E.B
19431 itemBox 4
Birdsell, Joseph
19611 itemBox 4
Birdwhistell, Ray
19691 itemBox 4
Birenbaum, William
1964-19837 itemsBox 4
Birx, James
1988; 19922 itemsBox 4
Bishop, Becky
19782 itemsBox 4
Bistreich, Alan
19771 itemBox 4
Black, Cyril
19851 itemBox 4
Black, Daniel Robert
19781 itemBox 4
Black, Iva
undated1 itemBox 4
Blackwell, Gordon
19551 itemBox 4
Blake, Betty
19781 itemBox 4
Blalock, Audrey
19881 itemBox 4
Blanchette, Estelle
19901 itemBox 4
Blanton, Smiley
1955; 19562 itemsBox 4
Blatner, Allee and Adam
1986-19876 itemsBox 4
Bleibtren, John
19681 itemBox 4
Blish, James
19591 itemBox 4
Bliven, Bruce
19422 itemsBox 4
Bloch, Michael
1979-19845 itemsBox 4
Bloom, Leon
19771 itemBox 4
Bloomer, Bill
19781 itemBox 4
Blum, Frances
19654 itemsBox 4
Bluston, Esther
19691 itemBox 4
Boardman, Philip
1976-19776 itemsBox 4
Boardman, W
19651 itemBox 4
Boas, Ernst
19451 itemBox 4
Boas, Franz
1940; 19422 itemsBox 4
Boaz, Noel
19922 itemsBox 4
Bobula, Ida
19652 itemsBox 4
Boesen, Jeanne
19902 itemsBox 4
Bogen, Joseph
19811 itemBox 4
Bohannan, Laura
1971-19724 itemsBox 4
Bolei, Marvin
19553 itemsBox 4
Bond, Alison
1971; 19722 itemsBox 4
Bonewits, Isaac
19701 itemBox 4
Bonewitz, R.L
19932 itemsBox 4
Bongiovanni, Alfred
1961; 19622 itemsBox 4
Bonner, John Tyler
19831 itemBox 4
Bonnet, Muriel
undated1 itemBox 4
Boone, Geraldine
19893 itemsBox 4
Boone, Jerry
19772 itemsBox 4
Boorstin, Daniel
19791 itemBox 4
Booth, Jimmie
1989-1992; undated8 itemsBox 4
Booth, V
19901 itemBox 4
Boothby, Derek
undated1 itemBox 4
Bordner, Robert
19451 itemBox 4
Borg, James
1978-1980; undated17 itemsBox 4
Boring, Edwin
1944-1945; undated8 itemsBox 4
Bortnick, Barry
19872 itemsBox 4
Bose, N.K
19611 itemBox 4
Bostock, John
1959-19659 itemsBox 4
Bosveld, Jane
undated1 itemBox 4
Bottomore, T
19701 itemBox 4
Bouchard, Margot
19942 itemsBox 5
Boudin, Leonard
1968-19734 itemsBox 5
Boukalis, Chris
19941 itemBox 5
Boulding, Kenneth
1979-19825 itemsBox 5
Boune, Barbara
19871 itemBox 5
Bourgoin, Mary Fay
19701 itemBox 5
Bourne, Geoffrey
1971-19776 itemsBox 5
Bouyssou, Maurice
1983-19845 itemsBox 5
Bowers, Wayne
19771 itemBox 5
Bowie, Bill and Ruth
19692 itemsBox 5
Bowlby, John
1950-19576 itemsBox 5
Bowles, Kathy
19821 itemBox 5
Bowron, G.L. & Co
19702 itemsBox 5
Boxill, Edith Hillman
19872 itemsBox 5
Boyd, Marianne
19811 itemBox 5
Boyd, William C
1941-1975; undated15 itemsBox 5
Boylan, Bir
19711 itemBox 5
Brace, C. Loring
1961- 1994; undated17 itemsBox 5
Brackman, Arnold
1980-1982; undated32 itemsBox 5
Brackman, Selma
19811 itemBox 5
Bradbury Malcolm
19601 itemBox 5
Bradley, Anne
19831 itemBox 5
Bradley, Bill
1980-19913 itemsBox 5
Bradley, Dorothy
19661 itemBox 5
Bradley, Robert
1965-19673 itemsBox 5
Bradley, Van Allen
1955-19704 itemsBox 5
Bradshaw, John
19902 itemsBox 5
Brameld, Theodore
undated1 itemBox 5
Branagan, Marcella
January 201 itemBox 5
Branch, Taylor
19891 itemBox 5
Brander, Caroline
19721 itemBox 5
Braude, Adele
1985; 19862 itemsBox 5
Bravo, Marilyn
19821 itemBox 5
Braziller, George
1960-19914 itemsBox 5
Breckenridge, Marian
19531 itemBox 5
Breggin, Peter MD
19874 itemsBox 5
Brehm, Karin
19861 itemBox 5
Brekke, Arnold
19711 itemBox 5
Brenna, Mary Anne
19711 itemBox 5
Brenton, Myron
19661 itemBox 5
Bresler, Jack
19661 itemBox 5
Breslin, Carol
19721 itemBox 5
Bressler, Marvin
19762 itemsBox 5
Brett-Smith, John
19612 itemsBox 5
Brew, Helen
1980-19836 itemsBox 5
Brewer, Herbert
19382 itemsBox 5
Brewster, Dorothy Patricia
1977-19783 itemsBox 5
Bricklin, Alice
19711 itemBox 5
Bricklin, Alice
19711 itemBox 5
Bridgeman, P.W
19453 itemsBox 5
Briffault, Robert and Herma, 1 of 2
1948-1957; undated22 itemsBox 5
Briffault, Robert and Herma, 2 of 2
1930-1939; undated46 itemsBox 5
Brigham, Bernice C
19551 itemBox 5
Brill, A.A
19472 itemsBox 5
Brink, R.A
19592 itemsBox 5
Brisk, Melvin
19722 itemsBox 5
Brisk, Rachelle
19811 itemBox 5
Brittain, Vera
19561 itemBox 5
Brockway, Wallace
19441 itemBox 5
Brodie, Maurice
19391 itemBox 5
Brodrick, Alan
19642 itemsBox 5
Bronfenbrenner, Urie
1974-19814 itemsBox 5
Bronowski, J
1967-197411 itemsBox 5
Brook, A
19422 itemsBox 6
Brook, Arthur
19461 itemBox 6
Brooks, Gwendolyn
1968-1991; undated31 itemsBox 6
Brooks, Tanya
1977; 19802 itemsBox 6
Brooks, Van Wyck
1946-198112 itemsBox 6
Broom, R
19381 itemBox 6
Brown Margaret
19502 itemsBox 6
Brown, Barbara
1979-1983; undated7 itemsBox 6
Brown, C. Mackenzie
19781 itemBox 6
Brown, Don
19811 itemBox 6
Brown, Francis
1952-19685 itemsBox 6
Brown, Harcourt
1944-19464 itemsBox 6
Brown, Harriet
1943; 19442 itemsBox 6
Brown, Helen Gurley
19685 itemsBox 6
Brown, Hevan
19572 itemsBox 6
Brown, Ina C
19731 itemBox 6
Brown, K.H
19781 itemBox 6
Brown, Laurence
19901 itemBox 6
Brown, Mark
19831 itemBox 6
Brown, N.D. Wenzell
19341 itemBox 6
Brown, Stanley
1965-19693 itemsBox 6
Brown, Stella
19281 itemBox 6
Brown, Stewart Pierce
19531 itemBox 6
Brownill, Sonia
19491 itemBox 6
Broyard, Anatole
19801 itemBox 6
Brozek, David
19595 itemsBox 6
Brozek, Josef
1958;19594 itemsBox 6
Bruce, Virginia
undated1 itemBox 6
Brusha, Carol
19841 itemBox 6
Bryan-Turner, E.L
19782 itemsBox 6
Bryce, Isabel
19821 itemBox 6
Bryden, James
19781 itemBox 6
Bryson, Lyman
1951 itemBox 6
Buchheimer, Arnold
19821 itemBox 6
Buchsbaum, Ralph
19661 itemBox 6
Buck, Pearl
1956-197315 itemsBox 6
Budenski, Carl
1975-19783 itemsBox 6
Budzinski, R.E
19822 itemsBox 6
Buenos Aires Yoga School Foundation Chicago Branch
19942 itemsBox 6
Bugyi, Balazs
1960; 19632 itemsBox 6
Buhler, Charlotte
1962-1968; undated15 itemsBox 6
Bulger, Roger
19861 itemBox 6
Bullis, Edward
19501 itemBox 6
Bunche, Ralph
1950-19524 itemsBox 6
Bunker, Barbara
19783 itemsBox 6
Bunker, Isabel
19641 itemBox 6
Burckel, Christian
19712 itemsBox 6
Burdakin, Jean
19823 itemsBox 6
Burdice, Carol
19781 itemBox 6
Burfield, Diana
1992-19974 itemsBox 6
Burgess, Anthony
19701 itemBox 6
Burgess, J. Stewart
19472 itemsBox 6
Burhoe, Ralph Wendell
1955-19724 itemsBox 6
Burk, Lorena
19701 itemBox 6
Burke, Charles
19762 itemsBox 6
Burke, Ken
19731 itemBox 6
Burnshaw, Stanley
19511 itemBox 6
Burrow, Trigant
19421 itemBox 6
Burt, Struthers
1942-19531 itemBox 6
Burton-Bradley, Burton G
198415 itemsBox 6
Burwell, Helena
19961 itemBox 6
Bush, G.F
19761 itemBox 6
Bushnell, G
19491 itemBox 6
Busteed, Paul
19832 itemsBox 6
Butterworth, I
19892 itemsBox 6
Byner, Witter
1943-195210 itemsBox 6
C-Misc
1938-1996; undated47 itemsBox 9
Cabeceiras, Lucienne
1988-19895 itemsBox 7
Caesar, Richard
19892 itemsBox 7
Cahill, William
19721 itemBox 7
Calas, Nicholas
19521 itemBox 7
Calbury, Doris
undated1 itemBox 7
Calderone, Mary
1957-1966; undated4 itemsBox 7
Calderone-Steichen, Francesca
19931 itemBox 7
Caldwell, Taylor
19561 itemBox 7
Callison, Kenneth P
19892 itemsBox 7
Calverley, Hugh
19601 itemBox 7
Came, Jonathan
1987-19883 itemsBox 7
Cameron, John
19291 itemBox 7
Cammarata, Jerry
1978-1981; undated5 itemsBox 7
Cammer, Phyllis
19551 itemBox 7
Campbell, Donald T
undated1 itemBox 7
Campbell-Tucker, Charmaine
19831 itemBox 7
Campling, Joanna
19831 itemBox 7
Cane, E
19801 itemBox 7
Canfield, Cass
1964-19654 itemsBox 7
Canton, Jayme
1980-19903 itemsBox 7
Cantril, Hadley
1950-19554 itemsBox 7
Caplan, Arthur
19811 itemBox 7
Cappon, Alexander
19392 itemsBox 7
Carey, William B
19612 itemsBox 7
Carlinsky, Dan
19782 itemsBox 7
Carlson, Edward E
19721 itemBox 7
Carlson, Susanne
1989-19914 itemsBox 7
Carmichael, Leonard
19601 itemBox 7
Carne, Jonathan
19871 itemBox 7
Carpenter, Adiaide
19951 itemBox 7
Carpenter, Edmund (Ted)
1955-1993; undated22 itemsBox 7
Carter, Dan
19701 itemBox 7
Carter, Earl
19651 itemBox 7

General physical description: 1 item

Other Descriptive Information: Photos

Carter, Gene
19791 itemBox 7
Carter, John Mack
1969; 19712 itemsBox 7
Carter, Marian
19391 itemBox 7
Carter, Neil
19821 itemBox 7
Carter, Slater
19471 itemBox 7
Cartwright, Marguerite
1949-19505 itemsBox 7
Cary, Page
19391 itemBox 7
Carynnyk George
19672 itemsBox 7
Case, Clifford
19731 itemBox 7
Casey, John
19721 itemBox 7
Caspari, Ernest
19671 itemBox 7
Caspari-Rosen, Beate
1945; 19492 itemsBox 7
Cassirer, E
19432 itemsBox 7
Castiglioni, Dott
19384 itemsBox 7
Castigtari, James
19774 itemsBox 7
Castle, W.E
1945-19503 itemsBox 7
Castonguay, Steve
19831 itemBox 7
Cate, Garth
19724 itemsBox 7
Catlin, George
19564 itemsBox 7
Cattell, Jacques
19451 itemBox 7
Cavallo, Anthony
19692 itemsBox 7
Cayer, Jacqueline
19962 itemsBox 7
CBS News
19791 itemBox 7
Cella, Catherine
19881 itemBox 7
Cerul, Maurice S. MD
19691 itemBox 7
Cespedes, Alba De
1963-19674 itemsBox 7
Chadima, Darla
1982 May 32 itemsBox 7
Chamberlain, David
1986-1996; undated4 itemsBox 7
Champe, Jane
19721 itemBox 7