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Abstract

Ernst Boas (1891-1955), son of the anthropologist Franz Boas, was a physician noted for his work in cardiology, and like his father, he was very much involved with liberal social causes. Boas was an instructor in pathology and physiology, and an expert in chronic diseases. As a scientific investigator he developed the cardiotachometer and did primary research in many areas, especially on cholesterol and arteriosclerosis. He was one of the primary antagonists of the American Medical Association during the 1940s and 50s, a leading proponent of National Health Insurance, and an organizer of the Physicians Forum.

The Ernst Boas Papers contains correspondence, diaries, notebooks, and manuscripts, relating to all of the varied interests and to his 400 or more publications. There is substantial material on Montefiore Hospital, Mt. Sinai Hospital, the New York County Medical Society, and the New York Heart Association. O f particular note is the correspondence with John P. Peters, a friend and liberal who was dismissed from the Public Health Service because of "disloyalty" to the U.S., in 1953, and whose vindication came from a landmark Supreme Court decision

Background note

Ernst Philip Boas was born on 4 February 1891 in Worcester, Massachusetts when his father, Franz Boas, held a docentship in anthropology at Clark University. Later, the family (including Ernst Boas's mother, Marie Krackowizer Boas; his three sisters, Helene, Gertrude, and Franziska; and his brother, Henry) moved to the New York City area.

Boas attended the Ethical Culture School through high school and then went on to receive his B.S. from Columbia University in 1910. He remained at Columbia to receive his M.A. in 1912 and then his M.D. in 1914, the latter from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, where he graduated first in his class.

After some trouble finding an internship, apparently because of anti-semitism, Boas became an intern at The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1914 to 1916. In 1917, he was appointed Instructor in Pathology at the College of Physicians & Surgeons of Columbia University. On 6 August 1917, he was drafted into the Army as First Lieutenant in the Medical Section of the Officers' Reserve Corps and was later appointed Captain on 20 April 1918. While in the Army (including some duty in France), he served as a cardiovascular specialist.

When Boas was honorably discharged from the Army on 24 May 1919, he began his first private practice from an office in his home on West 96th Street in New York City. He practiced there until 1921 when he joined the staff of the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases as Medical Director. From 1920 to 1921, Boas was Instructor in Physiology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. Later, from 1926 to 1951, he taught post-graduate courses in diseases of the heart at the College of Physicians and Surgeons.

In 1929, Boas left the medical directorship of Montefiore Hospital but retained the position of Attending Physician there for one year, from 1929 to 1930. Also in 1929, Boas moved to The Mount Sinai Hospital, where he was Associate Physician until 1951, at which time he became a consultant to the hospital.

Meanwhile, Boas resumed his private practice in 1929 (he was certified as a cardiovascular disease specialist by the American Board of Internal Medicine in 1941), opening an office at 41 West 83rd Street. He later established a permanent office at 1185 Park Avenue, where he entered into a partnership with Hyman Levy in 1949. One of Boas's sons, Norman F. Boas (also a physician), was his assistant from 1949 to 1951. Some of Boas's famous patients included William Laurence, science editor of The New York Times; Charles C. Burlingham, New York lawyer and politician; Sidney Hillman, President of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America; Henry A. Wallace, while running for President of the United States; Karl Menninger, founder of the Menninger Clinic; and Dr. Felix Adler, founder of the Ethical Culture Society.

From 1937 to 1943, Boas was a Special Lecturer at Teacher's College of Columbia University in the education of the handicapped. From 1938 to 1951, he was Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Boas was a prolific writer of articles and books on scientific topics (such as cardiology), as well as on topics in the popular media, such as geriatrics and chronic illness. Many of his publications advocate compulsory national health insurance. He served as Associate Editor of Modern Hospital from 1923 to 1929. Some of his books include Treatment of the Patient Past Fifty, The Unseen Plague--Chronic Disease, and The Heart Rate. This latter book grew out of Boas's research with Ernst F. Goldschmidt in developing the cardiotachometer, an electronic device that measures the heart rate continuously over many hours. Other research included his discovery of the calcification of the pineal gland; studies of neurocirculatory asthenia in soldiers in World War I; studies of the physiology of capillaries; and studies on cholesterol and its role in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis.

Boas also served as a medical consultant to numerous organizations and health care institutions, including Beth Israel Hospital of Passaic, New Jersey; the Group Health Cooperative, Inc.; the New York Guild for the Jewish Blind; the Sidney Hillman Health Center (where he directed a large research program on atherosclerosis); Irvington House; Lexington Hospital; Long Beach Hospital; Moosehaven; the New York Metal Trades Council and Hotel Association; and the Workmen's Circle.

Boas was involved with city, state, and federal organizations that dealt with health care. He was Chairman of the Committee on Chronic Illness of the Welfare Council of the City of New York. His work with this Committee encouraged the construction of the Municipal Hospital for Chronic Diseases (now called Goldwater Memorial Hospital) on Welfare Island, as well as the elimination of many of the almshouses there. He also served on the Advisory Council of the New York City Department of Health and on the General Advisory Committee for the Cardiac Program of the New York State Department of Health. He was a consultant to the Social Security Board of the United States Federal Security Agency. He also testified in compensation hearings to show that heart attacks may result from unusual effort or trauma.

Besides his purely medical work, Boas was deeply involved in social causes. He worked with such agencies as the China Aid Council, Inc.; the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists (serving as Secretary in 1945); the Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc.; the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians; the Physicians Committee of the National Refugee Service (serving as Chairman in 1943), and the United Service for New Americans, Inc. He founded The Physicians Forum, Inc., in 1939, to study and discuss health care issues, resist McCarthyism, and counter the American Medical Association's opposition to national health insurance. He also continued to work against discrimination of any form; for instance, he was instrumental in the appointment of African-American physicians and nurses to hospital staffs.

He was a member of the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, the American Society for the Study of Arteriosclerosis (founding member), the Authors' Guild, the Child Study Association of America, the Committee for the Nation's Health, the Committee of Citizens Against the Feinberg Law (a law to eliminate subversives from the New York state public school system), the Harvey Society, the Medical Society of the County of New York, the National Medical Committee of the NAACP, the New York Academy of Medicine, the New York Heart Association, Inc. (founding member and Chairman), the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association (Chairman of the Heart Committee), and the United States Committee, Inc. (founding member), an organization created in support of the World Medical Association. He also belonged to the honorary societies of Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa, and Pi Gamma Mu.

Boas died on 9 March 1955 in New York City of pancreatic cancer. He was survived by his wife, Helene Tuthill Sisson Boas, and his children, Donald P. Boas, Norman F. Boas, and Barbara G. Crutchley.

Scope and content

The Ernst P. Boas Papers (1907-1980) contain correspondence, subject files, manuscripts of published and unpublished works by Boas, manuscripts by colleagues, research notes by Boas, materials gathered after Boas's death, and photographs, which document Boas's career as a physician. The collection is mainly in English, but there are a few items in other languages, such as German and French. These latter folders are marked, for example, "some in German" or "in German," as appropriate.

The papers (26 boxes; 12.5 linear feet) are divided into seven series:

Series ICorrespondence: 1907-1955(8 boxes; 3.75 linear feet)
Series IISubject Files: 1914-1955(7 boxes; 2.75 linear feet)
Series IIIWorks by Boas: 1907-1955(7 boxes; 2.75 linear feet)
Series IVWorks by Others: 1945-1954(1 box; 11 folders)
Series VResearch Notes and Notebooks: 1916-1952(3 boxes; 1.25 linear feet)
Series VIMaterials Gathered after Ernst P. Boas's Death: 1955-1980(3 boxes; 1.25 linear feet)
Series VIIPhotographs: 1917-1953(1 box;.5 linear feet)

Photographs have been removed from Series I-VI and placed in Series VII. Cross references appear in the original series. Reprints have been moved to the printed materials collection of the APS library. If a reprint was found as an enclosure, a photocopy of the title page was filed in its place. To retrieve reprints, consult the card catalog for printed materials. Also removed from this collection was an audio recording called "Interview on World Front." To retrieve this item, consult the card catalog for manuscript materials.

Collection information

Provenance

The Boas Papers were donated by Norman F. Boas in 1981 (Accession #1982-256ms).

Preferred citation

Cite as: Ernst P. Boas Papers, American Philosophical Society

Processing information

Miriam B. Spectre, 1994

Related material

The APS houses the papers of Ernst Boas' father, Franz Boas.

Bibliography

Jane Pacht Brickman, "`Medical McCarthyism': The Physicians Forum and the Cold War," Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 49 (1994).

General note

During processing, the collection was re-foldered and re-housed in acid-free folders and boxes. Metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic clips when necessary. All newspaper clippings were photocopied onto acid-free paper; the original clippings were then discarded. Other brittle or torn items were also photocopied, and when considered valuable, were retained.

Indexing Terms

Personal Name(s)

  • Auslander, Jacob
  • Barsky, Edward J.
  • Binger, Carl
  • Black, Algernon D.
  • Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955
  • Boas, Franziska, 1902-1988
  • Boas, Norman F.
  • Bradley, Lyman R.
  • Brand, Albert
  • Butler, Allan M.
  • Cohn, Alfred E., (Alfred Einstein), 1879-1957
  • Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974
  • Crampton, C. Ward, (Charles Ward), 1877-1964
  • Davis, Michael M.
  • Goldschmidt, Ernst F.
  • Lippman, Richard W.
  • Loewi, Otto
  • Magnus-Levy, Adolf
  • Muller, Hermann J.
  • Peters, John P.
  • Roemer, Milton I.
  • Rukeyser, Muriel, 1913-1980
  • Sigerist, Henry E., (Henry Ernest), 1891-1957
  • Stern, Kurt G.
  • Yampolsky, Helene
Collection overview
1907-1955 

Incoming and outgoing typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Boas's career. Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder.

When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Boas), the name is indicated on the container list by using an indent under the folder title.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series IV or V as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

The bulk of this series covers the 1930s to the 1940s. Correspondents include physicians, students, and publishers. Among the topics covered in this series are: national health insurance; euthanasia; chronic illness; cardiology; geriatrics; Boas's cardiotachometer; politics, including communist redbaiting; immigration of foreign scientists; and the publishing of journal articles and books.

There is correspondence about Boas's affiliations with the Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc., the Council of Social Agencies, the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists, the Sidney Hillman Health Center, the Medical Society of the County of New York, the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases, The Mount Sinai Hospital, the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, the New York Guild for the Jewish Blind, the New York Heart Association, Inc., The Physicians Forum, Inc., the United Service for New Americans, Inc., and The Workmen's Circle.

There is also correspondence with Muriel Rukeyser from 1947 to 1953 about her proposed biography of Franz Boas, as well as correspondence with Melville J. Herskovits in 1953 about his published biography of Franz Boas.

1914-1955 

Meeting minutes and reports for various organizations with which Boas was affiliated, including the American Heart Association, the Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc., the Commission on Chronic Illness, the Sidney Hillman Health Center, the Medical Society of the County of New York, the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases, The Mount Sinai Hospital, the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, the New York Heart Association, Inc., The Physicians Forum, Inc., and the Welfare Council of New York City. The material about The Physicians Forum, Inc. includes congratulatory letters (about the organization and about Boas's leadership of it) written on its tenth anniversary in 1953.

There are copies of Boas's book plate (with an identification of the Egyptian hieroglyphs on it); copies of Boas's business card; a copy of Boas's partnership agreement with Hyman Levy; copies of Boas's income tax returns (federal and New York state) from 1919 to 1947; a description of Boas's medical history from 1928 to 1955; and a copy of Boas's death certificate. Also in this series are reviews of some of Boas's books, including Coronary Artery Disease, Treatment of the Patient Past Fifty, and The Unseen Plague--Chronic Disease; notebooks containing Boas's expenses from 1918 to 1945; clippings regarding chronic illness and national health insurance; programs for lectures; information about Boas's cardiotachometer; court testimonies (for compensation hearings) that Boas gave regarding the conditions of people who had died while doing strenuous labor; a prospectus for the Journal of Social Medicine; and Boas's bibliography, as well as the bibliography of his son, Norman F. Boas.

1907-1955 

Typescripts of lectures, addresses, articles, and reviews. Included are lectures at the Central Bureau for Jewish Aged, Inc., and at the Ethical Culture High School; and addresses for the 1910 Ethical Culture High School commencement, the opening of the Amalgamated Laundry Workers Health Center in 1953, and the tenth anniversary of The Physicians Forum, Inc. in 1953. There is also a report on studies that Boas did in 1918 during World War I, "Cases of Effort Syndrome Studied at Camp McClellan, Alabama"; a diary that Boas kept in 1907; and an article entitled "The Responsibility of a Scientist as a Citizen." Works on national health insurance include an untitled article on the American Medical Association and articles entitled "Compulsory Health Insurance in the Framework of a National Health Program" and "National Health Insurance." There are nine scrapbooks containing programs and announcements, reprints, and typescripts of works from 1911 to 1949.

1945-1954 

Eleven works, mostly about geriatrics. There are two addresses: Dean A. Clark's 1945 commencement address at the Medical College of Pennsylvania and Alan Gregg's address at the National Health Conference. The works are filed alphabetically by author.

1916-1952 

Bibliographical notes about arteriosclerosis, cholesterol, diabetes, and geriatrics; and research notes about aortic stenosis and pylephlebitis, among other subjects. There are three notebooks: a ward notebook that Boas kept from 1916 to 1917 at The Mount Sinai Hospital; an undated notebook of medical school notes; and a notebook from 1918 labeled "Record of Heart Cases. Ward II." Also in this series are military patient records kept from 1917 to 1918 while Boas was in the United States Army at Camp McClellan, Alabama, as well as general patient records that Boas kept between the 1910s and the 1950s.

1955-1980 

Materials that were collected and compiled by Norman F. Boas after his father's death in 1955. These materials include obituaries; condolence letters sent to Boas's family after his death; information about Boas's cardiotachometer; correspondence and a card file documenting the donation by Norman F. Boas of his father's library to various repositories; and letters written about Ernst P. Boas for the memorial meeting held in his honor on 19 April 1955. The authors of these letters have been cross-referenced in Series I. This series also includes a volume (edited by Romana Javitz in 1960) of excerpts from Ernst P. Boas's letters; many of the originals are held by the American Philosophical Society Library. There is a separate folder of transcriptions of Ernst P. Boas's letters from 1907-1935 and translations from the German. Many of these letters are to his father, Franz Boas. This material has been photocopied and annotated with the appropriate American Philosophical Society Library call numbers.

1917-1953 

Scientific photographs, as well as portrait photographs. Those of a scientific nature include the subjects of aneurysm, blood pressure, Boas's cardiotachometer, coronary damage, endocarditis, and myocardial degeneration. There are also photographs used in Boas's article, "Calcification in the Pineal Gland" and electrocardiograms, done from 1917 to 1952, presumably by Boas. The portrait photographs are of Boas from the 1920s to the 1950s, and also show him in group shots with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, at the Sidney Hillman Health Center, at the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases, and at the Kecoughton Conference.

  Oversize 1


Detailed Inventory
Series I: Correspondence
1907-1955 

Incoming and outgoing typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Boas's career. Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder.

When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Boas), the name is indicated on the container list by using an indent under the folder title.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically. Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series IV or V as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

The bulk of this series covers the 1930s to the 1940s. Correspondents include physicians, students, and publishers. Among the topics covered in this series are: national health insurance; euthanasia; chronic illness; cardiology; geriatrics; Boas's cardiotachometer; politics, including communist redbaiting; immigration of foreign scientists; and the publishing of journal articles and books.

There is correspondence about Boas's affiliations with the Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc., the Council of Social Agencies, the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists, the Sidney Hillman Health Center, the Medical Society of the County of New York, the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases, The Mount Sinai Hospital, the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, the New York Guild for the Jewish Blind, the New York Heart Association, Inc., The Physicians Forum, Inc., the United Service for New Americans, Inc., and The Workmen's Circle.

There is also correspondence with Muriel Rukeyser from 1947 to 1953 about her proposed biography of Franz Boas, as well as correspondence with Melville J. Herskovits in 1953 about his published biography of Franz Boas.

Box: A - CI
  Box 1
Abowitz, Murray
  

-See Ser.I, Lippman, Richard W.

Action Committee to Free Spain Now
n.d. 
Adamic, Louis
1939 
Adams, Charles C.
1950 
Adler, Felix
1911 
Alport, V.G.
1953 
Amalgamated Laundry Workers Health Center, Inc.
1953 

-See also Ser.III, Amalgamated Laundry Workers Health Center, Inc.--Address

America
1949 
Duff, Edward
  
The American Board of Internal Medicine
1941 
American Committee to Save Refugees
1941 
American Financial and Development Corporation for Israel
1951 
American Geriatrics Society
1950 
American Heart Association, Inc.
1947-1953 

-See also Ser.II, same title

American Jewish Congress
1949, 1953 
The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc.
1945 
The American Journal of Public Health
1952, 1954 
American Journal of Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Veneral Diseases
1953 
American Medical Association
  

-See Ser.I, Butler, Allan M. -See Ser.I, Morgan, Hugh J. -See Ser.I, The New York Times

American Public Welfare Association
1945 

-See also Ser.II, same title

American Society for Clinical Investigation
1950 
The American Society for the Study of Arteriosclerosis
1947, 1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Anderman, Samuel H.
1949 
Aschner, Bernard
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum

Aschoff, Ludwig
1921, 1932 

in German

Associated Jewish Charities of Baltimore
1928 
Association of Internes and Medical Students
1949-1950 

-See also Ser.II, same title

J.J. Augustin, Inc.
1940-1941, 1945 
Auslander, Jacob
1951 

-See also Ser.I, Barsky, Edward K.

Auslander, Joseph
1950 
The Authors Guild
1953 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Baehr, George
  

-See Ser.I, The Mount Sinai Hospital -See Ser.I, The New York Academy of Medicine

Barnard College
1951-1952 
Barnes and Noble, Inc.
1946 
Barsky, Edward K.
1952-1953 
Baruch, Bernard M.
1947 
Bauer, Theodore
1939 
John Beard Memorial Foundation
1949 
Beller, Harry E.
1947-1948 
Benner, R.O.
1948 
Bernays, Edward L.
1945 
Beth Israel Hospital
1947 
Biele, Harry D.
1949 
Binger, Carl
1948 
Shapley, Harlow
  

-See also Ser.I, Shapley, Harlow -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Black, Algernon D.
1953-1954 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Blanchard, James A.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Boas, Franziska
1938-1953 
Boas, George
1954 
Boas, Norman F.
1945, 1949, 1951 
The Bobbs Merrill Company, Inc.
1952 
Boernstein, Walter S.
1954 

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum

Bohr, Niels
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Bowes, William H. (Mrs.)
1930 
Bowler, John P.
1945 
Brady, William
1947 
Bradley, Lyman R.
1948 
Brand, Albert
1919 
Braun, Edmund
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Breslow, Lester
  

-See also Ser.I, California. Department of Public Health -See also Ser.I, The President's Commission on the Health Needs of the Nation

Bridgeport Heart Association
1953 
Brill, N.E.
1924 
Brodey, A.
1950 
Bronsten, Irvin C.
1951 
The Bronx Hospital
1949 
Brooklyn Children's Aid Society
1943-1944 
Brown, Charles
1954 
Brown, Charlotte Hawkins
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

The Bryn Mawr School
1950 
Bunim, Joseph
1951 
Butler, Allan M.
1950-1951 
Davis, Michael M.
  
Peters, John P.
  

-See also Ser.I, Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc. -See also Ser.I, Morgan, Hugh J. -See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Butler, Hans
1946 
The Albert Butler School
1951 
Hugh Cabot Memorial Fund, Inc.
1946 
Shapley, Harlow
  
Cacchione, Peter V.
1946 
California. Department of Public Health
1947-1951 
Breslow, Lester
  
Cannon, George D.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Carlson, Evans F.
1946 
Central Bureau for Jewish Aged, Inc.
1949-1950 
Child Study Association of America
1945 
Child Welfare and Community Health Association
1943 
China Aid Council, Inc.
1946 
Citron, Robert R.
1949 
Civil Rights Congress
1950 
Clarke, J. Tertius
1930-1931 
Clinical Medicine
1946 
Box: Co - E
  Box 2
Cobb, Stanley
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Cobb, W. Montague
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Cohn, Alfred E.
1931-1951 

-See also Ser.I, New York Heart Association, Inc. -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Colcher, Henry
1946-1954 
Columbia University
1911-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Colze, W.L.
1943 
Commission on Chronic Illness
1949-1953 

-See also Ser.II, same title

The Committee for a United Labor Party
1944 
Committee for Medical Research
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Committee for the Nation's Health
1946-1949 
Davis, Michael M.
  
Frothingham, Channing
  

-See also Ser.II, same title

Committee of Citizens Against the Feinberg Law
1949 
Committee of One Thousand
1948 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc.
1940-1953 
Butler, Allan M.
  
Goldwater, Leonard J.
  
Peters, John P.
  
Young, Edward L.
  

-See also Ser.II, same title

Committee on Care of Cancer Patients
1940-1941 
Furtmuller, Leah Cadbury
  
Committee to Prevent Abuse of the Doctor Draft Law
1952 
Community Medical Care, Inc.
1941 
Community Service Society of New York
1948 
Condon, E[dward] U.
1954 
Peters, John P.
  
The Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company
1920 
Connell, W. Ford
1952 
Cooperative Health Association of New York
1938 
Cornely, Paul B.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Coronet Magazine
1954 
Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, Inc.
1944 
Council of Social Agencies
1938-1944 
Court of Current Issues
1949 
Crampton, C. Ward
1948, 1951-1952 

-See also Ser.I, New York State Joint Legislative Committee on Problems of Aging -See also Ser.I, Steele, J. Murray

Crohn, Burrill B.
1953 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Cross, Frank E.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Daft, Floyd
1954 
Davidoff, Leo M.
1944, 1949 

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Davidson, Harold B.
1951 
Davis, Eli
1951, 1953 
Davis, Michael M.
1949 

-See also Ser.I, Committee for the Nation's Health -See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc., 1947 -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

De Garis, C.F.
1946 
Descendants of the American Revolution
1939 
Deutsch, Albert
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Deutsch, Bernard S.
1934 
Dobrin, Max
1950, 1954 
Doctors Hospital
1944 
Dodd, Katharine
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Dodd, Martha
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Donner, Samuel
1955 
Doubleday and Company, Inc.
1950 
Dublin, Louis I.
  

-See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Duff, Edward
  

-See Ser.I, America

Edwards Brothers, Inc.
1954-1955 
Einstein, Albert
1954 
Eliot, Johan W.
1945 
Elkin, David
1948 
Elliott, John Lovejoy
1907 
Elliott, Martha
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists
  
Magnus-Levy, Adolf
  
Teleky, Ludwig
  

-See also Ser.II, same title

Folder #1
1939-1950 
Folder #2
1951-1954 
Enzer, Norbert
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Epstein, Emanuel Z.
1927 
Epstein, Frederick H.
1952 

-See also Ser.III, "The Prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease among Randomly Chosen Men of Italian and Jewish Origin"--with Frederick H. Epstein -See Ser.VI, "Relations Between Diet and Atherosclerosis" (with Frederick H. Epstein and R. Simpson)--Review

Epstein, Irving
1950 
Erie Educational Forum
1948-1949 
Euthanasia Society of America, Inc.
1941 
Ewing, Oscar R.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Box: F - I
  Box 3
Falk, I.S.
1946 

-See also Ser.I, United States. Federal Security Agency

Farbstein, Leonard
1948 
Fauteux, Mercier
1949 
Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York
1946 
Feibes, Henry
1952 
Felbel, Dore
1951 
Fernel, Jean Paul
1949 
Feuchtwanger, Lion
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Fine, Daniel
n.d. 
Fischer, Isidore
1950 
Fishbein, Morris
1946 

-See also Ser.I, Fernel, Jean Paul

France, Royal Wilbur
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Frankel, Walter K.
1952 
Frazier, Robert
1949 
Freeman, A.W.
1951 
Freeman, Joseph T.
1944 
The Sigmund Freud Archives, Inc.
1952 
Frichtman, Stephen H.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Frothingham, Channing
  

-See Ser.I, Committee for the Nation's Health -See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Fur Dressers' Union, Local No. 2
1947 
Furtmuller, Leah Cadbury
1945 

-See also Ser.I, Committee on Care of Cancer Patients

Gale, E.T.
1945 
Gallavardin, Louis
1920 

some in French

Garn, S.M.
1950 
Geriatrics
1946-1954 
Gerontological Society, Inc.
1946-1954 
Ginsburg, Harry
1950 
Ginzburg, Leon
1954 
Gold, Harry
1951 
Goldberger, Emanuel
1946 
Goldblatt, Harry
1946 
Goldmann, Franz
  

-See Ser. VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Goldschmidt, Ernst Friedrich
  

-See Ser.I, Goldsmith, Ernest Friedrich

Goldsmith, Ernest Friedrich
1929-1953 
Goldwater, Leonard J.
1951 

-See also Ser.I, Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc.

Goodman, Louis S.
1951 
Gordon, A.M.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Gordon, Asher
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Gordon, David
1952, 1954 
Gordon, H.L.
1951 
Gordon, Hyman
1945 
Gottlieb, Abraham
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Gove, George
1943 
Greenbaum, Edward S.
1952 
Gregg, Alan
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Grossman, Regina
1949 
Group Health Cooperative, Inc.
  

-See Ser.I, Group Health Insurance, Inc.

Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound
1951 
Group Health Insurance, Inc.
1940-1953 

-See also Ser.I, Simon, John L. -See also Ser.II, Group Health Insurance, Inc.

Grunberg, Richard
1944 
Hadra, Herbert H.
1942 
Hamilton, Alice
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Harper, Fowler V.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Harris, Alfred W.
1952 
Harvard University
1953 
Harvey, Samuel C.
1931, 1935 
Harvey Society
1955 
Heller, Edward P.
1939 
Herskovits, Melville J.
1953 
The Sidney Hillman Health Center
1949-1955 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Hirschfeld, Claire
1954 
Hoffman, Elliot Lee
1950 
Hoffman La Roche Company
1947 
Hollander, Louis
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Hook, John P.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Hook, Sidney
1949 
Shapley, Harlow
  
Hoover, John Edgar
1935 
Horine, Emmet P.
1945 

-See also Ser.II, Book Plate

Hunt, Eleanor P.
n.d. 
Huntington, Emily H.
1950 
Hutchinson, Gussie G.
1952 
The Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences and Professions
1944 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Independent Order Brith Abraham
1947 
International Association of Industrial Accident Boards and Commissions
1948 
Institute of Aviation Medicine
1953 
International Rescue Committee
1950 
The Interne
1947-1953 
The Interne Council of America Lippman, Richard W.
1941 
Irvington House
1941-1945 
Isaac, Lucile
1949 
Box: J - Mi
1922 Box 4
Jacoboens, H.C.
  
Jacobson, Sheldon A.
1947 
Janeway, Theodore C.
1914 
The Jefferson School
1944 
Jewish Center Lecture Bureau
1950 
Jewish Home for the Aged
1944 

-See also Ser.III, "Report on the Jewish Home for the Aged"

Jewish Sanitarium and Hospital for Chronic Diseases
1952 
Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit
1944 
Journal of Gerontology
1949 
Journal of Negro Education
1948-1949 
The Journal of the American Medical Association
1948 
Karelsen, Frank E., Jr.
1950, 1952 
Karsner, Howard T.
1940 
Katz, Hyman (Harry)
1954 
Katz, L.N.
1945 
Katzive, J.A.
1946 
Kert, Morley J.
1945-1946 
Klein, Eugene
1916 
Klotz, Arthur P.
1946 
Knight, Robert P.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Koppelman, Harold
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Krader, Lawrence
1951 
Kraus,
1938 
Kreeger, Morris Harold
1945 
Kroeber, Alfred L.
  

-See Ser.I, Rukeyser, Muriel

Kubie, Lawrence S.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Kunstler and Kunstler
1955 
Kurtz, Leonard D.
1945 
La Follette, Robert M., Jr.
1943 
Lakeside Laboratories, Inc.
1951-1952 
Lamb, E.Q.
1952 
Landauer, Walter
1934, 1936 
Lasky, S.S.
1948 
Laurence, William L.
  

-See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Lawton, George
1950 
League for Industrial Democracy, Inc.
1951 
The League for Mental Health
1945 
Leavell, Hugh R.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Lederle Laboratories Division
1953 
Lee, Robert C.
1940 
Lehman, Herbert H.
1954 
Leichtentritt, Bruno
1944 
Leiter, Louis
1950 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Levin, Morton L.
  

-See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Levine, Samuel A.
  

-See Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Levy, Hyman
1947 
The Workmen's Circle
  

-See also Ser.I, Epstein, Frederick H. -See also Ser.I, The Workmen's Circle -See also Ser.II, Partnership Agreement with Hyman Levy

Lewis, Alfred Baker
1951 
Lewis, Mary E.
1945 
Lewis, Roger A.
1949 
Lewis, Thomas
1923 
Lexington Hospital
1946 
Lian, Camille
1945? 

in French

Libman, E.
1925-1937 
Liebowitz, Benjamin
1943, 1950, 1954 
Life Extension Institute, Inc.
1945 
Lippman, Richard W.
1952 
Abowitz, Murray
  
Pennes, Alexander E.
  

-See also Ser.I, The Interne Council of America

Little, Brown and Company
1952 
Loewi, Otto
1939 

-See also Ser.VI, Loewi, Otto

Lomzer Aid Society
1939 
Long Beach Hospital, Inc.
1942-1955 
Look
1944-1945 
McCoy, Ira Dean
1951 
Macfarlane, Helen G.
1940 
Mackay, Roland P.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

The Macmillan Company
1929, 1934, 1951 
Madison House
1948 
Magus-Levy, Adolf
1944-1956 

-See also Ser.I, Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists

Makover, Henry B.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Marine, David
1930 
Matlin, Saul
1946 
Mattingly, Thomas E.
1948 
Mayer, Barbara
1945 
Mayer, Leo
1951 

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Medical Administration Service, Inc.
1940-1945 
Medical Care
1940-1944 
Medical Society of the County of New York
1941-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Menaker, Walter
1951 
Mendlowitz, Milton
1941-1942 
The Mount Sinai Hospital
  
Menendez, Joseph C.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Menninger, Karl A.
1944 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Meyer, Benard C.
1934 

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Meyer, Joseph C.
1949-1950 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Michigan State Medical Society
1953 
Michigan Unemployment Compensation Commission
1944 
Miller, Louis
  

-See Ser.I, Barsky, Edward K.

Box: Mo - New York He
  Box 5
Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases
1920-1938 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Moosehaven
1948-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Morgan, Hugh J.
1950 
Butler, Allan M.
  
Morris County Medical Society
1941 
The Mount Sinai Hospital
1920-1952 
Baehr, George
  

-See also Ser.I, Mendlowitz, Milton -See also Ser.II, The Mount Sinai Hospital

Muller, Hermann J.
1941 
Murray, D. Stark
1950 
Murray, James E.
1948 
Muslin, Ben
1952 
The Nation Associates
1944-1950 
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
1944 
National Association of Claimants' Compensation Attorneys
1948-1953 
National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc.
1947 
National CIO Community Services Committee
1949 
National Citizens Political Action Committee
1944 
National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians
1944-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title -See also Ser.VI, same title

National Committee to Combat Anti-Semitism
1943 
National Conference on Health and Medical Care
1938 
National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions
1948 
Shapley, Harlow
  
National Health Assembly
  

-See Ser.I and II, United States. Federal Security Agency

National Medical Association, Inc.
1948 
National Newspaper Service
1947 
National Physicians Committee
  

-See Ser.I, Oxnam, G. Bromley

National Refugee Service, Inc.
1943 
National Women's Trade Union League of America
1949 
Neuburger, Fritz
1938 
Neumann, Rudolf
1943 

some in German

The New England Journal of Medicine
1950 
New Jersey Heart Association
1949 
The New School
1953 
The New York Academy of Medicine
1944, 1947 
Baehr, George
  

-See also Oversized

New York Cardiac Home, Inc.
1951, 1954 
New York City. Board of Education
1934, 1946 
The New York City Cancer Committee
1934 
New York City. Committee on Discrimination in Medical Institutions
1948 
New York City. Department of Health
1928-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

New York City. Department of Hospitals
1934-1935 
New York Guild for the Jewish Blind
1938-1952 

-See also Ser.II, same title

New York Heart Association, Inc.
  
Cohn, Alfred E.
  

-See also Ser.II, same title

Folder #1
1934-1944 
Folder #2
1945-1947 
Folder #3
1948-1949 
Box: New York Ho - Sa
  Box 6
New York Homeopathic Medical College and Flower Hospital
1919-1920 
The New York Hotel Trades Council and Hotel Association
1950-1952 

-See also Ser.II, same title

New York Medicine
1948, 1952 
New York State. Department of Health
1940-1942 
New York State Health Preparedness Commission
1944, 1946 

-See also Ser.II, same title

New York State Joint Legislative Committee on Problems of the Aging
1949-1954 
Crampton, C. Ward
  

-See also Ser.II, New York State Joint Legislative Committee on Problems of the Aging

New York State Society for Medical Research
1951 
The New York Times
1951 
New York Tuberculosis and Health Association
1933-1934, 1943 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Non-Governmental Organizations Interested in Migration
1953-1954 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Norwalk (Connecticut) Town Hall Association
1945 
Optical Membership Plan, Inc.
1944-1952 

-See also Ser.II, same title

Orthodox Jewish Home for the Aged
1953 
Oxnam, G. Bromley
1949 
Pacini, August J.
1951 
Pardee, Harold E.B.
1945 
Parets, Albert D.
1950 
Park, E.A.
1947 
Parmenter, Richard
1940 
Parran, Thomas
1939 
Patterson, F.D.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Pauling, Linus
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Pease, Marshall C.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Pennes, Alexander E.
  

-See Ser.I, Lippman, Richard W.

Pepper, Claude
1942 

-See also Ser.I, United States Senate. Committee on Education and Labor. Subcommittee on Wartime Health and Education

Perry, Thomas L.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Peters, John P.
1947-1955 
Young, Edward L.
  

-See also Ser.I, Butler, Allan M. -See also Ser.I, Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc. -See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Peterson, Jerome S.
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

The Physicians Forum, Inc.
1941-1955 
Aschner, Bernard
  
Blanchard, James A.
  
Boernstein, Walter S.
  
Braun, Edmund
  
Butler, Allan M.
  
Cannon, George D.
  
Cobb, W. Montague
  
Davidoff, Leo M.
  
Davis, Michael M.,
1947 
Elliott, Martha
  
Ewing, Oscar R.
  
Gottlieb, Abraham
  
Gregg, Alan
  
Hook, John P.
  
Makover, Henry B.
  
Mayer, Leo
  
Sanders, Theodore
  
Sloane, Paul
  
Smith, H. Alexander
  
Stern, Alfred K.
  
Pease, Marshall C.
  
Peters, John P.
  
Peterson, Jerome S.
  
Roemer, Milton I.
  
Warburg, Bettina
  
Wiener, Herbert J.
  
Young, Edward L.
  

-See also Ser.I, New York Medicine -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See also Ser.VI, same title

Pottenger, F.M.
  

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

The President's Commission on the Health Needs of the Nation
1952 
Breslow, Lester
  
Progressive Citizens of America
1947 
Shapley, Harlow
  
Pullen, Roscoe L.
1947-1950 
Putnam, Herbert
n.d. 
Putnam, Tracy Jackson
1947 
Radack, Herbert
1950 
Radbill, Samuel X.
1952 
Radin, Theodore
1936 
Raider, Leonard J.
1949 
Rare Chemicals, Inc.
1936 
Richardson, Henry B.
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Ringer, Carl
1954 
The Rockefeller Foundation
1942 
Roemer, Milton I.
1946-1955 

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc. -See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner -See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Rogoff, Julius M.
1954 
Roosevelt, Eleanor
1951 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Ros, Arturo R.
1952-1954 
The Benjamin Rose Institute
1944 
Wagner, Margaret W.
  
Roth, Irving R.
1943 
Rukeyser, Muriel
1947-1953, n.d. 
Kroeber, Alfred L.
  
Saint Peter's General Hospital
1949 
Salk, Jonas E.
1953 

-See also Ser.VI, Memorial Meeting for Ernst P. Boas

Sanders, Theodore
  

-See Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Box: Sc - Wa
  Box 7
Scheinfeld, Amram
1950 
Schick, Bela
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Schlesinger, Monroe J.
1948 
Schlippenbach, Luise Gräfin
1950 
Schreiber, Walter P.
1952 
Seham, Max
  

-See Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Shapley, Harlow
1948-[1949] 
Binger, Carl
  

-See also Ser.I, Binger, Carl -See also Ser.I, Hugh Cabot Memorial Fund, Inc. -See also Ser.I, Hook, Sidney -See also Ser.I, National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions -See also Ser.I, Progressive Citizens of America

Sigerist, Henry E.
1941-1947 

-See also Ser.II, The Physicians Forum, Inc. Tenth Anniversary Dinner

Sigall, Harold N.
n.d. 
Silberman, David E.
1949 
Simon, John L.
1953 
Group Health Insurance, Inc.
  
Simonoff, Lewis
1948 
Singer, Edward
1952 
Sloane, Paul
  

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Smillie, W.G.
1945, 1947 
Smith, G.M.
1949 
Smith, H. Alexander
  

-See also Ser.I, The Physicians Forum, Inc.

Social Planning Council of Saint Louis
1944-1945 
The Society for Ethical Culture
1944, 1949 
Spanish Embassy
1939 
Sperry, Joseph Evans
1928 
State University of New York
1949 
Stecher, Robert M.
1948-1949 
Steele, J. Murray
1948 
Crampton, C. Ward