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Abstract

The bacteriologist and virologist Thomas Milton Rivers spent over thirty years at the Rockefeller Institute as a researcher in the Department of Bacteriology and from 1937-1955, as Director. Working on measles and pneumonia, Rivers discovered the parainfluenzae bacillus and cultivated vaccine virus for human use, and during the 1950s, he played an important role in coordinating research on poliomyelitis as head of the National Institute for Infantile Paralysis. During the Second World War, Rivers led the Naval Medical Research Unit in the South Pacific, rising to the rank of Rear Admiral.

The Rivers Papers contains correspondence, laboratory notes, speeches, and photographs documenting Rivers' activities at the Rockefeller Institute, the development of polio vaccine, and Rivers' Navy experience in the Pacific during World War II.

Background note

After a desultory education in Jonesboro, Georgia, Thomas M. Rivers discovered biology as an undergraduate at Emory College. With the encouragement of a biology professor, he entered medical school at Johns Hopkins in 1909, though a mysterious nervous degeneration (diagnosed as Aran-Duchenne atrophy) forced him to withdraw in the middle of his second year. Rivers made the most of his recovery, taking a position as a laboratory assistant at a hospital in Panama to gain clinical experience, and when his condition vanished as mysteriously as it had appeared, he returned to Hopkins, completing his MD in 1915.

Rivers' internship in pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins Hospital was interrupted by military service, an event that induced an unexpected, but important shift in his perspective. Entering the Army medical corps in 1918, Rivers was assigned to For Sam Houston, near San Antonio, Texas, to take part in a commission headed by Rufus Ivory Cole of the Rockefeller Institute, investigating concurrent outbreaks of measles and pneumonia. The experience awakened Rivers' interest in medical research, and when he returned to Hopkins at the end of his military obligations, he transferred into the Department of Bacteriology. In 1922, Cole invited Rivers to join the Institute and pursue research in the still poorly understood field of virology.

Between 1922 and 1955, Rivers molded Rockefeller into the preeminent laboratory for research on viruses, and in over 100 papers published during these years, Rivers addressed a range of topics relating to some of the most devastating viral diseases, including smallpox, Rift Valley Fever, and epidemic encephalitis. More importantly, he helped delineate the disciplinary boundaries of virology as both conceptually and methodologically distinct.

During the Second World War, Rivers again offered his services, serving as commander of the Naval Medical Research Unit in the South Pacific where his attentions were drawn to coordinating the effort to combat malaria and typhus. He eventually retired from the Navy with the rank of Rear Admiral. He returned to the Rockefeller in 1946, remaining for an additional ten years and eventually earning promotion to director of the institute (1953-1955).

In the last few years of his life, Rivers served as medical director of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, with which he had been associated since 1938, and as such, played a highly visible role in the development of the polio vaccine. He stepped down in 1958 to become Vice President for medical Affairs, remaining in that position until his death in 1962. Rivers was recognized for his work with election to the American Philosophical Society (1942) and the National Academy of Sciences (1932), and he served as president of the American Society for Clinical Investigation (1932), the Society of American Immunologists (1934), and the Society of American Bacteriologists (1936).

Scope and content

Stilted toward the last twenty years of his life, the Rivers Papers document the late career and research of the virologist and medical administrator, Thomas Milton Rivers. The 10 linear feet of correspondence, manuscripts, and photographs are a valuable resource for understanding the institutionalization of medical research in the 1940s and 1950s, particularly at the Rockefeller and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, and for tracking the course of development of the polio vaccine in the early 1950s. Other than a sparse few research notebooks, there is little to document his research prior to the 1940s.

Rivers' military experience forms a leitmotif running throughout the collection. His service as head of Naval Medical Research Unit II in the South Pacific during the Second World War is documented through a small series of correspondence and other materials, primarily of an administrative nature, including a unit history written by Rivers in December 1945. There are nearly 200 photographs, more than half of which depict the research hospital in Guam and its personnel, and a smaller number of powerful photographs depicting members of the American military in Nagasaki, Japan, ca.1946, that provide graphic testimony to the devastation unleashed by the atomic bombing. Rivers' service with the Army Medical Corps during World War I is documented by a sparse set of official documents comprising a portion of his military record.

Collection information

Provenance

Gift of the Rivers estate, 1971 (accession number 1971-332ms)

Preferred citation

Cite as: Thomas M. Rivers Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Related material

The APS collections include several collections relating to Rivers' colleagues at the Rockefeller Institute, including Rufus Ivory Cole, Peyton Rous, James B. Murphy, and Oswald H. Robertson.

Bibliography

Horshall, Frank L., "Thomas M. Rivers," Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 38 (1965), 262-294.

Shope, Richard E., Obituary of Thomas M. Rivers, Journal of Bacteriology 84 (1962), 385-388.

Rivers, Thomas, Tom Rivers, Reflections on a Life in Medicine and Science: An oral History Memoir (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT, 1967). Call no.: B R52b

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

Thomas Milton Rivers came to the hospital of the Rockefeller Institute in 1922 with the aim of establishing a research program in the new field of viral diseases. During the following fifteen years Rivers conducted studies on chicken pox and on viruses which cause psittacosis, poliomyelitis, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis, and developed methods for producing a smallpox vaccine for use in children. When Rivers was made director of the Institute's hospital in 1937, he was a world authority on virus research, a field that was then undergoing rapid growth as part of the nascent molecular biology program. During his directorship (1937-1955), Rivers was an active coordinator of medical war projects, and a principal organizer of research programs within the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (N.F.I.P); the N.F.I.P. became a major pursuit after his retiring from the Institute.

Due to his prominence and wide range of administrative activities, Rivers' papers include correspondence with many leading researchers and administrators in the life sciences, especially with those in fields related to microbiology and molecular biology. However, the correspondence with individuals tends to be brief and formal, touching mainly on administrative concerns. Furthermore, because the collection begins in 1940, there is little of substance (apart from early laboratory notes) to document the earlier stage of Rivers' scientific career. However, the Flexner Papers contain records on Rivers' virus research, and on administrative aspects of his department and the hospital.

In spite of their limitations, the Rivers Papers are a valuable source in four areas: 1) the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era, 2) biomedical war research and the Navy, 3) the development of virology, and 4) research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine.

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
American Public Health Association ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era.) Correspondence (8 items)1935-1960English
Andrewes, C. H. (Christopher Howard), Sir ( Includes work entitled "Herpes virus nomenclature.") Correspondence (2 folders)1950-1954English
Armed Forces Epidemiological Board ( Documents biomedical war research and the Navy. Includes one folder on Projects and Proposals.) Records (4 folders)1949-1953English
Avery, Oswald Theodore, 1877-1955Correspondence (1 item)1946English
Bawden, F. C. (Frederick Charles)Correspondence (2 items)1952English
Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975Correspondence (19 items)1946-1962English
Burnet, F. M. (Frank Macfarlane), Sir, 1899-1985Correspondence (2 items)1952English
Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944Correspondence (3 items)1938English
Cohen, Seymour S. (Seymour Stanley), 1917-Correspondence (2 items)1952English
Cohn, Edwin J. (Edwin Joseph), 1892-1953Correspondence (1 item)1950English
Conference on Inactivation of Viruses ( Potentially useful in documenting the development of virology.) Correspondence (1 item)Circa 1950-1959English
Conference on Tissue Culture ( Potentially useful in documenting the development of virology.) Correspondence (1 item)1952English
Conference on Virus-Host Cell Relationships ( Potentially useful in documenting the development of virology.) Correspondence (1 item)1948English
Delbruck, MaxCorrespondence (2 items)1943English
Demerec, M. (Milislav), 1895-1966Correspondence (2 items)1953English
Dubos, Rene J. (Rene Jules), 1901-1982Correspondence (12 items)1943-1962English
Du Vigneaud, Vincent, 1901-1978Correspondence (1 item)1953English
Gratia, Andre, 1893-1950 ( See folder Welsch, Maurice.) Correspondence (2 items)1950English
Gregg, Alan, 1890-1957Correspondence (1 item)1958English
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era.) Correspondence (2 items)1940-1941English
Hershey, A. D. (Alfred Day), 1908-1997Correspondence (2 items)1951English
Hollaender, Alexander, 1898-1986Correspondence (2 items)1953English
Horsfall, Frank Lappin, 1906-1971Correspondence (13 items)1937-1962English
International Congress for Microbiology ( Potentially useful in documenting the development of virology. Materials from relating to the 4th international congress in Copenhagen (1947) and the congress in Stockholm (1958).) Records (2 folders)1947, 1958English
International Poliomyelitis Congress ( Research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine. Includes information on the 2nd (Denmark), 3rd (Rome), and 5th (Denmark) international congresses.) Correspondence (4 folders)1949-1961English
Luria, S. E. (Salvador Edward), 1912-1991Correspondence (2 items)1952English
Lwoff, Andre, 1902-1994Correspondence (1 item)1960English
National Academy of Sciences ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era. Includes Facsimile of Original Signature Book, Presidency, Proposals for Nomination, and Section of Pathology and Microbiology.) Records (5 folders)1946-1953English
National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Inc. ( Research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine. Includes National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Inc. (9 folders); Committee on Diagnosis; Committee on Virus Research; Fellowships; Greater New York Chapter; March of Dimes; March of Dimes, Fulton-DeKalb Chapter; Specifications and Minimal Requirements for Polio Vaccine; Recommended Practices...and Questions and Answers About Polio; Vaccine Advisory Committee/Committee on Virus Research; Vaccine for Export; Vaccine Protocols.) Correspondence (21 folders)1941-1962English
National Institutes of Health ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era. Includes folders entitled: History; Minimum Requirements, Polio Vaccine; and National Microbiological Institute.) Records (4 folders)1952-1956English
National Research Council ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era. Includes folders on Division of Medical Services and Organization and Members.) Records (3 folders)1944-1955English
O'Connor, Basil, 1892-1972 ( Research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine.) Correspondence (7 folders)1939-1962English
Osterhout, W. J. V. (Winthrop John Van Leuven), 1871-1964Correspondence (2 items)1951English
Public Health Research Institute ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era.) Records (15 folders)1941-1955English
Rivers, Thomas M. (Thomas Milton), 1888-1962. History of U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 ( Documents biomedical war research and the Navy. Includes two folders of plates and photographs.) Records (5 folders)1945English
Rivers, Thomas M. (Thomas Milton), 1888-1962. Manuscript materials concerning virus research ( Various folders of manuscript materials documenting viruses and virus research. See below for specific topics covered.) Correspondence (Approximately 25 folders)1923-1960English
Rockefeller Institute ( Potentially useful in documenting the growth of American institutions of the life sciences in the postwar era. Includes: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (3 folders); By-Laws and Resolutions; Faculty and Student Club; Hospital, "Report of a Fire"; International Health Division; Minutes of Board Meetings (14 folders); Press; Public Relations; Report of the Hospital (3 folders).) Records (26 folders)1922, 1949-1959English
Sabin, Albert B. (Albert Bruce), 1906-1993 ( Research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine. Correspondence and folders entitled "The Herpes Group of Viruses, Recommendations for Classification" and "Present Status of a [Polio] Vaccine.") Correspondence (4 folders)1953English
Salk, Jonas, 1914-1995 ( Research on poliomyelitis and the development of the Salk vaccine. Three folders of correspondence plus the following folders: Critique of AMA Report on "Present State in U.S."; Critique...Summary Statement; Press Conference; Specifications and Minimal Requirements for Polio Vaccine; Polio Vaccine Preparation and Administration; Formaldehyde Treatment of Polio Vaccines.) Correspondence (9 folders)Circa 1954-1961, n.d.English
Stanley, Wendell M. (Wendell Meredith), 1904-1971Correspondence (4 items)1954-1962English
Tatum, Edward Lawrie, 1909-1975. Importance of Basic Research Manuscripts (6 pages)1959English
Tiselius, Arne, 1902-1971Correspondence (1 item)1941English
U.S. Department of Defense, Research and Development Board ( Documents biomedical war research and the Navy.) Correspondence (3 folders)1948-1953English
United States. Dept. of the Navy ( Documents biomedical war research and the Navy. Includes Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Final Orders and USNR Papers for T.M. Rivers (2 folders); Miscellaneous World War II Memos; Rivers' Promotion to Rear Admiral.) Correspondence (6 folders)1942-1955English
Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940Correspondence (17 items)1938-1940English

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Medical Association.
  • National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
  • Rockefeller Institute. Hospital

Genre(s)

  • Laboratory notes
  • Photographs
  • Speeches.

Personal Name(s)

  • Andrewes, C.H. (Christopher Howard), Sir
  • Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, 1888-1970
  • Berry, George Packer, 1898-1986
  • Bronk, Detlev W., (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975
  • Cannon, Walter B., (Walter Bradford), 1871-1945
  • Chesney, Alan M., (Alan Mason), 1888-1964
  • Chinard, Francis P., 1918-
  • Cohn, Alfred E., (Alfred Einstein), 1879-1957
  • Cole, Rufus Ivory, 1872-1966
  • Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981
  • Dubos, René J. (René Jules), 1901-
  • Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946
  • Gasser, Herbert Spencer, 1888-1963
  • Hershey, A. D., (Alfred Day), 1908-
  • Jackson, Robert H.
  • Loeb, Jacques, 1859-1924
  • Long, Esmond R., (Esmond Ray), 1890-
  • O'Connor, Basil, 1892-1972
  • Rivers, Thomas M., (Thomas Milton), 1888-1962
  • Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970
  • Sabin, Albert B., (Albert Bruce), 1906-
  • Salk, Jonas, 1914-1995
  • Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934

Subject(s)

  • Atomic bomb--Japan--Nagasaki-shi
  • Medical administration
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicine, Military
  • Poliomyelitis--Research
  • Poliomyelitis--Vaccination
  • United States. Navy. Naval Medical Research Unit II
  • Virology
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945
Collection overview
1941-1963 9.5 linear feet

Professional correspondence of Thomas M. Rivers from approximately the end of the Second World War until his death in 1963. Relating largely to his work with the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, research on poliomyelitic more generally, and his administrative duties at the Rockefeller Institute, the series provides a valuable, but ultimately relatively limited perspective on Rivers's career.

1909-1952 0.5 linear feet
1887-1963 1.0 linear feet

Formal and informal photographs of Thomas Rivers dating mostly from his service during the Second World War and after. Among these are a large series (over 100 images) from Naval Medical Research Unit, from Guam, and from occupied Japan, 1942-1946, including scenes of the atomic devastation in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Rivers also collected a small number of photographs of his colleagues at Rockefeller Institute and elsewhere, including several of Peyton Rous, Simon Flexner, Jacques Loeb, William Welch, Rufus Cole, Walter B. Cannon, along with a smaller number of photos of the Institute itself and its staff.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1941-1963 9.5 linear feet

Professional correspondence of Thomas M. Rivers from approximately the end of the Second World War until his death in 1963. Relating largely to his work with the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, research on poliomyelitic more generally, and his administrative duties at the Rockefeller Institute, the series provides a valuable, but ultimately relatively limited perspective on Rivers's career.

Aaron, Harold
  Box 1
Abbott, Robert Tucker
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Academy of Medicine of New Jersey
  Box 1
Ackerman, Steven J.
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Ackermann, W W
  Box 1
Adams, John M
  Box 1
Advertising club of Baltimore
  Box 1
Advertising Council, Polio Conference Report
  Box 1
Ahrens, Edward H
  Box 1
Albert, Isaac
  Box 1
Albritton, Errett C
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Alex, Stephan
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Alexander, Hattie
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Alexander, Rose
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Alexandridis, Dimitrios
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Alfs, Alfred
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Alpha Omega Alpha
  Box 1
Amateis, Edmond
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America Clinica
  Box 1
American Academy of General Practice
  Box 1
American Academy of Microbiology
  Box 1
American Academy of Pediatrics
  Box 1
American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Infectious Diseases
  Box 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science
  Box 1
AAAS: Theobald Smith Award
  Box 1
American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists
  Box 1
American Board of Bio-Analysts
  Box 1
American Clinical and Climatological Association
  Box 1
American College of Hospital Administrators
  Box 1
American College of Physicians
  Box 1
American Committee for the Weizmann Institute of Science
  Box 1
American Cyanamid Company
  Box 1
American Epidemiological Society
  Box 1
American Heart Association
  Box 1
The American Institute
  Box 1
American Journal of Diseases of Children
  Box 1
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  Box 1
American Medical Association
  Box 1
AMA: Committee on Medical Preparedness
  Box 1
AMA: Journal
  3 folders Box 1
AMA: Present Status of Polio Vaccination
  Box 1
AMA: Scientific Assembly
  2 folders Box 1
AMA: Standard Nomenclature
  Box 1
AMA: War Medicine
  Box 1
American Men of Medicine
  Box 1
American Men of Science
  Box 1
American Philosophical Society
  Box 1
American Public Health Association
  Box 1
American-Scandinavian Foundation
  Box 1
American Society for Microbiology
  Box 1
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  Box 1
American Women's Association
  Box 1
Anderson, Donald G
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Anderson, Harold C
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Anderson, William Willis
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Andrewes, C H
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Andrewes, C.H. (Christopher Howard), Sir.
Herpes virus nomenclature
  
Andrews, E I
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Angrist, Alfred
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Animal Care Panel
  Box 1
Apgar, Virginia
  Box 1
Appleton, Charles W.
  Box 1
Archibald, R. M.
  
Armed Forces Epidemiological Board
  3 folders Box 1
AFEB: Projects, Proposals
  Box 1
Armstrong, Donald B
  Box 1
Armstrong, Mrs. Donald Budd
  Box 1
Asociacion para la Lucha contro la Paralisis Infantil
  Box 1
Association of American Medical Colleges
  Box 1
Association of American Physicians
  Box 1
Atlantic City, Convention Bureau
  Box 1
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission
  Box 1
Atoms for Peace Awards
  Box 1
Auersperg, Alfred P.V.A.
  Box 1
Avery, Oswald T
  Box 1
Ayerst, McKenna and Harrison
  Box 1
Aymond, Branch J
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Aynes, Edith A
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Bachman, M C
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Bachmeyer, A C
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Baehr, George
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Baker, Rollin H
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Bales, James D
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Balfour, Donald C
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Bang, Frederik B
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Barger, Andrew
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Barnard, Chester I
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Barrett, C D et al. Modern Concepts of Immunizing...
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Barrows, Howard S
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Bates, Talcott
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Batson, Randolph
  Box 1
Bauer, J. H
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Bauer, Walter
  Box 1
Baumgartner, Leona
  Box 1
Bautista, Gonzalo
  Box 1
Bawden, F C
  Box 1
Bayne-Jones, Stanhope
  2 folders Box 1
Bazeley, P. L
  Box 1
Bearcroft, W G C
  Box 1
Beaudette, F R
  Box 1
Beaudette, Thomas Rivers
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Beckwith, W S
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Bedson, S P
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Beeson, Paul B
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Behrman, Mrs. M H
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Belgium, Consulate General
  Box 1
Belknap, Chauncey
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Bell, A N
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Beninson, Saul
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Benyesh, Mathilda
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Berger, Erick
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Bergsma, D
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Bernard, Nick
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Berne, Fritzi F
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Berry, George Packer
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Bessey, Otto A
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Beth Abraham Home for Incurables
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Bieling, Professor
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Bigger, Joseph W
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Binger, Carl A L
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Binkley, Francis
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Biographical Encyclopedia of the World
  Box 1
Biondi, Laurie
  Box 1
Birchenough, Katherine
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Birnkrant, Maxim
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Birth Defects Study Center
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Blackhurst, L R
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Blagden, Mrs. Dexter
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Blake, Francis Gilman
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Blakely, Nancy P
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The Blakiston Company
  Box 1
Blalock, Alfred
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Bloch, Hubert
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Blomquist, R Thomas
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Bloom, William
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Bloomfield, Arthur L
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Blue Cross - Blue Shield
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Bluemel, C S
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Blum, Theodor
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Bodian, David
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Bohart, George
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Bohart, R M
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Boland, Frank K
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Borek, A M
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Boshian, G M: O Prirode Virusovi mikrobov.
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Bosma, James F.
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Boucher, Judy
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Bowers, Ralph F
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Boyd, Helen E W
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Boyd, Montague L
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Boyd, T E
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Boyd, William C
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Boyo, A E
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Boys Brotherhood Republic
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The Boy's Club of New York
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Bradley, Stanley E
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Branch, Harold
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Brand, Erwin
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Bray, Harry
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Breakwater Hotel
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Breed, Robert S
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Brennemann, Joseph
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Brennemann's Practice of Pediatrics
  Box 2
Brent, Mary L
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Bright, Mrs. Mabel
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Brockway, P Bruce, Jr.
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Brodie, Maurice
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Bronk, Detlev W
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Bronner, Felix
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Brook, John R
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Brooke, Wallace S
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Brooklyn Council for Social Planning
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Brooks, Chandler McC
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Brown, Gordon C
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Brown, Gordon C: The Longevity of Immunity...
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Brown, Kenneth H
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Brown, Ray Hyer
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Brunn, Harold
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Bryan, Joseph M
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Bryan, Walter S
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Bryant, J Marion
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Bryson, Vernon
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Bucci, Harry
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Buchthal, Fritz
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Buddingh, G John
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Buerki, Robin C
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Burch, George E
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Burgess, Perry
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Burnet, Sir Macfarlane
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Burney, L E
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Burnham, Mrs. T L
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Burwell, C Sidney
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Cain, J C
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Calder, Royall M
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Caldwell, Guy A
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Calhoun, Phinizy
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Campbell, Thomas F.
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Campos, Oswaldo P
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Cannan, R Keith
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Cantor, Milton
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Capoor, S P
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Carlson, A J
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Carmichael, Leonard
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Carpenter, C R
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Carrington, Mrs. T M
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Carte Blanche
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Carter, Dick
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Carter, Harold M
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Carver, R K
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Case, James H,Jr.
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Cather, J Howard, Jr.
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Cattell, Garrison
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Cattell, J McKeen
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Cattell, Jacques
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Cary, T Nelson
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Cavara, V
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CBS Radio
  Box 2
Centre International de l'Enfance
  Box 2
Central Intelligence Agency
  Box 2
Century Association
  Box 2
Chance, Oliver
  Box 3
Chandler, Asa Crawford
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Chandler, L R
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Chapin,A Winfield
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Chase, Ester
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Cheever, F S
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Cheng, Ping-Yao
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Chesney, Alan M
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Chicago Heart Association
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Child, Margaret
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Childs, Mary Cole
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Chinard, Francis P
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[Chopin,] Purnell
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Chorley, Kenneth
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Christian, Henry A
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Christiernin, Charles L
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Chumakov, Michael P
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The Churchman
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Ciba Pharmaceutical Products
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Citron, David S
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City College of New York, Alumni Association
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City of Richmond, Department of Public Health
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Clark, George A
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Clark, Marguerite
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Clark, Paul F
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Clark, Ralph L
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Clark, William S
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Clark, William S: Caring for Disabled Patients
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Clarke, Hans T
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Clinchy, Evrett R
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The Clinical Endocrinology (Japanese)
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Cluff, Leighton E
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Clymer, Ray
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Coburn, Alvin F
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Cohen, Morris
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Cohen, Robert
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Cohen, Seymour
  Box 3
Cohn, Alfred E
  Box 3
Cohn, E J
  Box 3
Cohn, Victor
  Box 3
Colby, Everrtt
  Box 3
Cole, Rufus
  Box 3
Colin, Edward
  Box 3
Collins, Betty
  Box 3
Collyer, Dan
  Box 3
Colonial Esso Touring Service
  Box 3
Columbus, Georgia, Department of Public Health
  Box 3
Combes, Frank C
  Box 3
Combs, Thomas S
  Box 3
Commission on University Education in Hospital Administration
  Box 3
Commoner, Barry
  Box 3
Concklin, Charles Lewis
  Box 3
Condon, Edward U
  Box 3
Conference on Epidemiology -
1952 Box 3
Conference on Experimental Clinical Cancer Chemotherapy, 2nd
  Box 3
Conference on Inactivation of Viruses
  Box 3
Conference on Tissue Culture
  Box 3
Conference on Virus-Host Cell Relationships -
1948 Box 3
Congreso Nacional de Medicina, Argentina,
1934 Box 3
Conklin, Edwin G
  Box 3
Conn, Howard F
  Box 3
Conroy, James J
  Box 3
Cook, Thomas T
  Box 3
Thomas Cook and Son
  Box 3
Corbin, Kendall B
  Box 3
Córdoba, Félix
  Box 3
Corn Exchange Bank Trust Company
  Box 3
Cornell University
  Box 3
Medical College
  Box 3
Veterinary College
  Box 3
Corner, George W.
  Box 3
Corpus Christi, Texas
  Box 3
Cotzias, George C.
  Box 3
Couche, Anna
  Box 3
Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (UNESCO)
  Box 3
Cowdry, E. V.
  Box 3
Cox, F. I.
  Box 3
Cox, Floyd
  Box 3
Cox, Harvey W.
  Box 3
Cox, Herald R.
  Box 3
The Cox Family
  Box 3
Craig, Winchell McK.
  Box 3
Crawford, Hazel
  Box 3
Cross, Roland R.
  Box 3
Curphey, Theodore J.
  Box 3
Current Biography
  Box 3
Current Therapy
  Box 3
Curtis, Helena
  Box 3
Curtis and Belknap, Attorneys
  Box 3
Cusack, Peter J. A.
  Box 3
Dale, Sir Henry H.
  Box 3
Dalldorf, Gilbert
  Box 3
Dalldorf, Gilbert. "National Foundation Research"
  Box 3
Dalldorf, Dr. and Mrs. Gilbert
  Box 3
Dalrymple-Champneys, Sir Weldon
  Box 3
Damon Agency, Inc.
  Box 3
Dana, Richard H.
  Box 3
Dana, W.
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Darley, Ward
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Darling, H. Maurice
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Davila, Alvaro Muñoz
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Davis, F. A. Company
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Davis, Hugh P.
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Davis, Maxine
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Davison, Wilburt C.
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Dawood, M. M.
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Dawson, M. H.
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Day, Paul L.
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Day, Richard L.
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Debevoise, Thomas M.
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Delafresnaye, J. F.
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de la Rivière, R. Dujarrie
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Delatour, Beekman J.
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Delbruck, Max
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Demerec, Milislav
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Denton, Eugene
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Denton, Eugene K.
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De Paul University. Science Library
  Box 3
Dern, Emil R.
  Box 3
Diethelm, Oskar
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Dietz, David
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Dignan, Howard
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Dillehunt, Richard B.
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Dinamarco, Luiz Arbex
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Dingle, John Holmes
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Directory of Directors
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Doan, Charles A.
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Dochez, A. R.
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Dodge, Bernard O.
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Dole, Vincent P.
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Donahue, James J.
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Dooley, Samuel W.
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Dornan, William J.
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Dornbush, A. C.
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Dorsey, Ralph T.
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Dorst, Stanley
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Douglas, Archibald, Jr.
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Down, Harold A.
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Downs, Wilbur G.
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Drew, G. M.
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Drew, Georgina M.
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Drew, Molly
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Dreyfuss, F.
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Druckman, J. J.
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Drummond, Margaret C.
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Dubois, Eugene F.
  Box 3
Dubois, Peggy M.
  Box 3
Dubos, René J.
  Box 4
du Bray, Ernest S.
  Box 4
Ducas, Dorothy
  Box 4
Dulbecco, B.
  Box 4
Dupuis-Deltor, Jacques
  Box 4
Duran Reynals, Francisco
  Box 4
Duran-Reynals, Francisco. Preliminary Studies on Neoplasia in Mice
  Box 4
Dulacher, Mrs. Stanley
  Box 4
E. P. Dutton and Sons
  Box 4
du Vigneaud, Vincent
  Box 4
Dziewiatowski, Dominie D.
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Eager, Benjamin Franklin
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Edwards, S. John
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Egan, Margaret
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Albert Einstein College of Medicine
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Eisenhower, Milton S.
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Eisenstark, A.
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Elberg, Sanford Samuel
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Elias, N. M.
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Elliot, R. C.
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Elliot, Roger C.
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Ellner, George G.
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Elman, Robert
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Elsmith, Dorothy O.
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Emberger, Meta Riley
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Emerson, Kendall, Jr.
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Emerson, Mrs. Kendall, Jr.
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Emerton, Robert K.
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Emory, Elizabeth
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Emory University
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Alumni Association
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Centenial Celebration
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Office of the President
  Box 4
Enders, John F.
  Box 4
Epstein, H. David
  Box 4
Epstein, Max
  Box 4
Erickson, Harold M.
  Box 4
Eskwith, Irwin S.
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Estill, Revel
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Evans, E. A.,Jr.
  Box 4
Evans, Frank A.
  Box 4
Everett, Frank G.
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Eyler, Don L.
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Faver, Harold K.
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Fabian, Joe
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Fabrikant, Jack
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Farquhar, S. Edward
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Farr, Lee E.
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Farrar, F. W.
  Box 4
Faselle, Mary Ann
  Box 4
Fay, William E.
  Box 4
Fenn, Wallace O.
  Box 4
Ferris, Deam H.
  Box 4
Fink, Frederick
  Box 4
First Bancredit Corporation
  Box 4
Fishbein, Morris
  2 folders Box 4
Fishbein, Mrs. Morris
  Box 4
Fishbein, Dr. and Mrs. Morris
  Box 4
Fisher, Bertha
  Box 4
Fitz, Reginald
  Box 4
FitzPatrick, Mary Edna
  Box 4
Flexner
  Box 4
Flexner, Abraham
  Box 4
Flexner, James Thomas
  Box 4
Flexner, Louis B.
  Box 4
Flexner, Dr. and Mrs. Louis B.
  Box 4
Flexner, Morris
  Box 4
Flexner, Simon
  Box 4
Flinn, Waldo R.
  Box 4
Folch-Pi, Jordi
  Box 4
Forbes, Helen
  Box 4
Ford, Corey
  Box 4
Foreign Exchange Board, Canada
  Box 4
Forest Hills Citizens Defense Committee
  Box 4
Forkner, Claude E.
  Box 4
Fosdick, Raymond
  Box 4
Foster, H. R.
  Box 4
Foster, L. Fernald
  Box 4
Four Freedoms Foundation
  Box 4
Francis, Thomas, Jr.
  2 folders Box 4
Frankfurter, Felix
  Box 4
Fraser, F. Clarke
  Box 4
Fred, E. B.
  Box 4
Fredette, Victorien
  Box 4
Freer, Arden
  Box 4
Freschl, Lorraine
  Box 4
Freund, Jules
  Box 4
Friedheim, Ernst A. H.
  Box 4
Fromm, Eric
  Box 4
Frost, Ernest M.
  Box 4
Furlan, Oscar A.
  Box 4
Furr, George C.
  Box 4
Gabrielli, E. R.
  Box 4
Gagnon, O.
  Box 4
Galanar, Dorothy B.
  Box 4
Galdston, Iago
  Box 4
Gallardo, E.
  Box 4
Gallardo, Eduardo
  Box 4
Gallway, Arthur A.
  Box 4
Gamper, R.
  Box 4
Gard, Sven
  Box 4
Gardner, John W.
  Box 4
Gardner, Raymond E.
  Box 4
Gardner, W. James
  Box 4
Garrett, Steve A.
  Box 4
Gasser, Herbert S.
  5 folders Box 4
Gates, Frederick L.
  Box 4
Gates, Thomas Sovereign
  Box 4
Gauld, Ross L.
  Box 4
de Goes, Paulo
  Box 4
Gebhardt, Louis P.
  Box 4
Geffen Dennis H.
  Box 4
Geiger, J. C.
  Box 4
Genest, Jacques
  Box 4
Georgia Warm Springs Foundation
  Box 4
German, James L.
  Box 4
Gesell, Raymond
  Box 4
Gilbert, John M
  Box 4
Gillespie, J E O'N
  Box 4
Gillet, Stanley A
  Box 4
Ginder, David R
  Box 4
Ginsburg, Dr. S
  Box 4
Ginzberg, Eli
  Box 4
Glasser, Melvin A
  Box 4
Glenn, Frank
  Box 4
Goddard, Calvin H
  Box 4
Goebel, Walther Frederick
  Box 4
Goldforb, A J
  Box 4
Goldsmith, E D
  Box 4
Goldwater Memorial Hospital, Research Divisions
  Box 4
Goodman, Charles
  Box 4
Goodman, E N
  Box 4
Goodman, Irving
  Box 4
Goodner, Kenneth
  Box 4
Goodpasture, Ernest William
  Box 4
Goodpasture, Mrs. E W
  Box 4
Goodwin, Rutherfoord
  Box 4
Goostray, Stella
  Box 4
Gordon, Irving
  Box 5
Gorgas Hospital Medical Library
  Box 5
Gorka, Mrs. Henry J
  Box 5
Gorham, L Whittington
  Box 5
Gosline, Harold Inman
  Box 5
Gotham Service Bureau
  Box 5
Gott, Joseph W, 4th.
  Box 5
Gradwohl, R B H
  Box 5
Grady, Mrs. Hugh A
  Box 5
Graef, Irving
  Box 5
Gratia, André
  Box 5

See: Welsch, Maurice.

Graub, Milton
  Box 5
Graunke, Heinz
  Box 5
Graves, Paul D
  Box 5
Greeley, Arthur V
  Box 5
Greene, Henry Sylvestre Nutting
  Box 5
Gregg, Alan
  Box 5
Gregg, Lucien
  Box 5
Gregg, Ralph
  Box 5
Gress, John Hart
  Box 5
Gressit, J Linsley
  Box 5
Gressitt, Elizabeth
  Box 5
Griswold, Erwin N
  Box 5
Groyon, Rose Mary
  Box 5
Gruenberg, Herbert M
  Box 5
Gruenerwald, William
  Box 5
Grumbach, A
  Box 5