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Abstract

Letters and telegrams, mostly of congratulation, relating to Charles James Rhoads's appointment as United States Commissioner of Indian Affairs by President Hoover in 1929; with drafts of some replies. Correspondents include Emily G. Balch, Felix Frankfurter, and Herbert C. Hoover. The collection also includes several letters from James E. Rhoads to Capt. Richard H. Pratt of the Indian Training School, Carlisle, 1883-1894, and copies of a few letters from Pratt to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1913-1921, on Indian matters.

Background note

Charles James Rhoads was born in Germantown, Philadelphia on October 4, 1872. After attending William Penn Charter School and Haverford College, receiving his bachelors degree in 1893, Rhoads was worked in various positions with the Banking Department of the Girard Trust Company. He rose quickly in the company, becoming Treasurer at the age of twenty-eight and Vice-President four years later. He married Lillie Frishmuth in 1912.

In 1914, Rhoads was selected to become the first governor of the Federal Reserve Bank in Philadelphia, but still remained a member of the Board of Managers at Girard Trust. After the United States entered World War I in 1917, Rhoads, a member of the Society of Friends, contributed to the war effort as a civilian volunteer. He resigned from the Federal Reserve Bank and served the Y.M.C.A. by raising funds for its work, later traveling overseas as Chair of its program, Prisoners of War Relief.

Following the Armistice, Rhoads took charge of Quaker relief and construction projects in France. Subsequently, he returned to America and became President of the Central National Bank. In 1929, President Herbert Hoover requested Rhoads to serve as a Commissioner of Indian Affairs. He had knowledge of Indian problems because of the interests of his father, James E. Rhoads who helped establish the Indian Rights Association. His lifelong friend J.Henry Scattergood, who assisted him in France, accompanied Charles Rhoads to Washington as Assistant Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Their policies emphasized the home and community as the center of Indian life and education. Rhoads again took an active role in Indian affairs in 1948 as a member of the Hoover Commission.

Charles Rhoads was a devoted member of the Society of Friends, and very active within the Philadelphia area business and academic communities. For thirty-six years he served as a member of the Boards of the Provident Mutual Life Insurance and the Philadelphia Savings Fund Society. His association with Bryn Mawr College began in 1907 when he was elected a Member of the Trustees and later in 1936 became President of the Trustees and Chairman of the Board of Directors. He held both offices until his death in 1956 whereon the College was the beneficiary of his "residuary" estate.

Scope and content

The Rhoads Papers consists of two distinctly different parts, the first pertaining to the appointment of Charles James Rhoads as Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1929, and the second relating to his and his father's interests in Indians. Among the latter are several personal letters from R. H. Pratt, Superintendent of the Indian Training School at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., to James Rhoads; printed material related to Indian affairs and problems; handwritten notes and typed essays regarding Indian affairs.

Series I. Correspondence19290.75 linear feet
Series II. James E. Rhoads Papers1883-19210.25 linear feet
Series III. Miscellaneous notes on Indian affairsn.d.1 folder

Collection information

Provenance

The Rhoads Papers came to the American Philosophical Society Library in 1965 as a gift of Brown Brothers, Harriman and Company (Philadelphia, Pa.), through Mrs. Thatcher Brown III.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Charles James Rhoads Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued by Lawrence Novelli, 1991.

Related material

The Records of the Indian Rights Association are housed at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Collection 1523).

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Genre(s)

  • Telegrams

Personal Name(s)

  • Balch, Emily Greene, 1867-1961
  • Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
  • Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924
  • Rhoads, Charles James,1872-1956.
  • Rhoads, James E., (James Evans), 1828-1895

Subject(s)

  • Indians of North America
Collection overview
1929 0.75 lin. feet

This series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Where there are multiple letters by the same correspondent, those letters are arranged chronologically. The date or date span of the correspondence is noted after the name of the correspondent. Additionally, in Series I there is a folder titled: Unidentified correspondence and illegible signatures.

1883-1921 0.25 lin. feet

The correspondence from James E. Rhoads to R.H. Pratt, head of the Indian Training School at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., are arranged chronologically; the remainder of the correspondents are arranged alphabetically.

n.d. 1 folder

Various handwritten notes, and four typed essays on Indian affairs arranged alphabetically by author.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1929 0.75 lin. feet

This series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Where there are multiple letters by the same correspondent, those letters are arranged chronologically. The date or date span of the correspondence is noted after the name of the correspondent. Additionally, in Series I there is a folder titled: Unidentified correspondence and illegible signatures.

Abeel, Neilson
April 19, 1929 Box 1
Anderson, Mr. & Mrs. J.P.
April 19, 1929 Box 1
Ashbridge, Mary
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Bachman, Ida
April 25/? Box 1
Balch, Emily
May 11, 1929 Box 1
Bennett, Katerine
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Biddle, Edith
May 27, 1929 Box 1
Biddle, Francis
April 22, 1929 Box 1
Biddle, William
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Billikoff, J.
April 18, 1929 Box 1
Bishop, William
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Brown, Thatcher
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Brownlee, Fred
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Bullard, Ethel
n.d. Box 1
Burleson, Hugh
May 20, 1929 Box 1
Cadbury, Henry
May l, 1929 Box 1
Canby, William
June 11, 1929 Box 1
Chapman, Ellword
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Chorley, Kenneth
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Cloud, H.R.
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Coffin, W.V.
April 23, 1929 Box 1
Collier, John
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Collins, A.M.
April 26, 1929 Box 1
Comfort, W.W.
April 19-5/l, 1929 Box 1
Conrad, C.W.
April 30, 1929 Box 1
County, A.J.
April 18-5/11, 1929 Box 1
Crumbine, S.J.
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Curtis, Bridgeham
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Curtis, Louis Jr.
May 20, 1929 Box 1
Dale, E.E.
April 22, 1929 Box 1
Davis, Carroll
April 13, 1929 Box 1
Dawson, Emily F.
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Dennis, William
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Duane, Richard
April 28, 1929 Box 1
Eliot, Samuel
April 13, 1929 Box 1
Elliot, C.L.
April 29, 1929 Box 1
Evans, Chas.
May 19, 1929 Box 1
Evans, Edward
April 22, 1929 Box 1
Evans, Harold
April 19, 1929 Box 1
Delano, Moreau
April 15, 1929 Box 1
Dodson, Alan
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Farnam, Henry
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Fawcett, James
June 7, 1929 Box 1
Fisher, Galen
April 26, 1929 Box 1
Fox, Logan
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Frankfurter, Felix
June 6, 1929 Box 1
Friedberg, Ralph
May 18, 1929 Box 1
Garrett, Helen
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Goodhart, Howard
May 2, 1929 Box 1
Grant, Elihu
April 26, 1929 Box 1
Gregg, James
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Griffin, Frederick
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Grinnell, G.
April 26, 1929 Box 1
Fry, Ruth
February 22, 1929 Box 1
Gummere, Richard
April 20, 1929 Box 1
Hagerman, Herbert
April 29, 1929 Box 1
Hawkins, Nana
June 11, 1929 Box 1
Hendrick, Ellwood
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Hendy, Dora
April 20, 1929 Box 1
Hertz, Randolph
June 10, 1929 Box 1
Hilles, S.
May 4, 1929 Box 1
Hood, E.G.
May 10, 1929 Box 1
Hoover, Herbert
April 9, 1929 Box 1
Howland, Chas.
April 18, 1929 Box 1
Hudson, M. O.
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Hughes, William
May 9, 1929 Box 1
Hutchinson, M.
April 23, 1929 Box 1
Ingersoll, E.
n.d. Box 1
Kane, Francis
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Keen, W.W.
April 12-4/17, 1929 Box 1
Kenworthy, Murray
May 9-5/21, 1929 Box 1
Kimber, Natalie
April 19, 1929 Box 1
King, Clyde
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Kirkbride, Franklin
April 20, 1929 Box 1
Jackson, Lucy
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Jackson, Percy
April 11, 1929 Box 1
Jastrow, Helen
April 15, 1929 Box 1
Jenkins, Chas.
April 18, 1929 Box 1
Johnson, H.A.
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Jones, T.J.
April 11-4/19, 1929 Box 1
Laughlin, S.B.
April 20, 1929 Box 1
Lathrop, Julia C.
April 24-4/30, 1929 Box 1
Leach, A.B.
May 7, 1929 Box 1
Libby, Fred
May 14, 1929 Box 1
Lindquist, G. E.
April 29, 1929 Box 1
Lippmann, W.
May 3, 1929 Box 1
Livingood, Chas.
April 16, 1929 Box 1
McCouch, Gordon
April 18/? Box 1
McDonald, James
April 22, 1929 Box 1
Mack, Elmer
April 17, 1929 Box 1
McKittrick, M.
June 11, 1929 Box 1
Magill, James
April 30, 1929 Box 1
Maier, Paul
April 23, 1929 Box 1
Marvel, J.
April 23, 1929 Box 1
Martin, Elizabeth
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Maule, Margaret
April 17, 1929 Box 1
Mengert, Ulric
April 19, 1929 Box 1
Meriam, Lewis
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Moor, G.C.
April 12, 1929 Box 1
Morris, Lawrence
May 27, 1929 Box 1
Morris, S.W.
April 19, 1929 Box 1
Moulton, H.G.
April 11-4/25, 1929 Box 1
Mustard, W.P.
April 13, 1929 Box 1
N.Y.C. Indian Assn.
April 15, 1929 Box 2
Norris, George W.
April 18, 1929 Box 2
Norton, Marion
n.d. Box 2
Patterson, Ernest
May 13, 1929 Box 2
Pease, Henry
April 20, 1929 Box 2
Peabody, G.
April 17, 1929 Box 2
Pennington, Levi
May 21, 1929 Box 2
Pfaelzer, E.L.
April 17, 1929 Box 2
Pickett, Clarence
May 23, 1929 Box 2
Pinchot, Gifford
May 8, 1929 Box 2
Rhoads, Alex
May l, 1929 Box 2
Rhoads, Chas. J.
April 14-4/17, 1929 Box 2
Rhoads, George
May l, 1929 Box 2
Rice, William
May 21, 1929 Box 2
Richie, H.
April 22, 1929 Box 2
Robertson, J.
April 20, 1929 Box 2
Robins, Margaret
April 15, 1929 Box 2
Rome, ?
April 13-7, 1929 Box 2
Rushmore, S.
May 16, 1929 Box 2
Sells, Cato
April 11-12, 1929 Box 2
Siddons, Fred
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Slade, Louis
n.d. Box 2
Smeltzer, Robert
April 20, 1929 Box 2
Smith, Josp.
May 26-June 10, 1929 Box 2
Sparhawk, Frances
May 4, 1929 Box 2
Starlight, A.
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Stuie, John
April 21/? Box 2
Sweetser, Arthur
April 17, 1929 Box 2
Taylor, Burgess
April 30, 1929 Box 2
Thomas, E.B.
May 23, 1929 Box 2
Thomas, Wilbur
May 1, 1929 Box 2
Tippy, Worth
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Toplitz, S.
April 13, 1929 Box 2
Trueblood, W.O.
April 28, 1929 Box 2
Tunney, Josp.
April 24, 1929 Box 2
Tuttle, Florence
April 24, 1929 Box 2
Van Loon, E.P.
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Van Schaick, John
April 22, 1929 Box 2
Vickery, H.F.
April 12, 1929 Box 2
Villard, O.G.
April 26, 1929 Box 2
Vincent, G.E.
April 12, 1929 Box 2
Walcott, Mary
n.d. Box 2
Wald, Lillian
May 14, 1929 Box 2
Wallerstein, D.
April 17, 1929 Box 2
Walton, G.
May 15, 1929 Box 2
Welsh, Herb.
April 16, 1929 Box 2
Weston, S.
April 20, 1929 Box 2
White, A.E.
April 11-27, 1929 Box 2
White, Daniel
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Wichersham, George
April 22, 1929 Box 2
Wilbur, Lyman Ray
March 26-April 15, 1929 Box 2
Wilbur,B.K.
April 30, 1929 Box 2
Williams, Chas.
April 23, 1929 Box 2
Willits, Josp.
May 6, 1929 Box 2
Wilson, Alan
April 22, 1929 Box 2
Wistar, E.M.
April 17, 1929 Box 2
W.B.D.M. Church
April 12, 1929 Box 2
Wood, Carolena
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Wood, L.H.
April 18/? Box 2
Wood, John
April 13, 1929 Box 2
Wood, Richard
April 29, 1929 Box 2
Woods, S.S.
April 17, 1929 Box 2
Woodruff, Clinton
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Woolman, Edward
May 19, 1929 Box 2
Wright, Burnet
May 29, 1929 Box 2
Wright, Minturn
April 11, 1929 Box 2
Unidentified correspondence and illegible signatures.
  Box 2
Series II. James E. Rhoads Papers
1883-1921 0.25 lin. feet

The correspondence from James E. Rhoads to R.H. Pratt, head of the Indian Training School at Carlisle Barracks, Pa., are arranged chronologically; the remainder of the correspondents are arranged alphabetically.

Burke, Chas. H.
June 13, 1921 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
May 5 1883 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
May 22, 1883 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
June 18, 1886 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
June 23, 1886 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
December 7, 1886 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
December 6, 1889 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
December 5, 1890 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
December 12, 1891 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
February 10, 1894 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
May 26, 1894 Box 2
Pratt, R.H.
July ? 1894 Box 2
Sells, Cato
July 12, 1914 Box 2
Series III. Correspondence
n.d. 1 folder

Various handwritten notes, and four typed essays on Indian affairs arranged alphabetically by author.

Notes and essays related to Indian affairs
  Box 2

Includes essays by: S.M. Brosius, Dr. Haven Emerson, Charles F. Jenkins, M.K. Sniffen