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Abstract

These are primarily letters to Gray on various aspects of natural history, with many references to collections at the British Museum of Natural History. There are numerous letters from British scientists and from European colleagues. There are letters from Americans too, such as those from Agassiz which relate to his Florida expeditions and the creation of natural history collections.

Background note

John Edward Gray (1800-1875) was an English naturalist and the Keeper of the Zoological Department at the British Museum of Natural History from 1840 until 1874. He endeavored to make the British Museum’s collections “the most extensive, the best known, the best exhibited, the most freely available and only catalogued exhibition of its kind.” Gray attributed his success to “a catholic taste” for all groups of animals. In his lifetime Gray published in excess of eleven hundred papers. His List of Specimens of British Animals in the British Museum (1845) provided an updated list of British fauna. Other major publications included Illustrations of Indian Zoology with General Hardwicke (1832-34) and the privately published Gleanings from the Menagerie and Aviary at Knowsley (1846).

Gray was born in Walsall, Straffordshire on February 12, 1800, the second son of Samuel Frederick Gray, a naturalist and pharmacologist and Elizabeth Forfeit, the daughter of a picture dealer from Convent Garden. After his father got a job with the metallurgist Charles Hatchett, the family moved to London. He had an unorthodox upbringing, since he had no formal education, but was taught to read and write by his parents at home, and generally educated himself by reading the Encyclopedia Britannica. He assisted his father in his Wapping pharmacy, located in borough of London. After the pharmacy failed, he assisted a physician in Shoreditch before finding work in the laboratory of a wholesale chemist. As an adolescent, Gray befriended the entomologist J.F. Stephens, accompanying him on weekend trips into the countryside.

Sometime in 1816 young Gray was also introduced to Dr. William E. Leach, Keeper of the Zoological Department of the British Museum, when it was situated in its first home at Montagu House in Bloomsbury Square. Gaining access through Leach, Gray spent all of his free time as a volunteer, naming and arranging the zoological collections. Through Leach he also gained access to the Museum’s Banksian Library and met other naturalists, who encouraged him to shift his interests from botany to zoology. After Leach’s retirement in 1821, Gray was unsuccessful in his efforts to gain employment as an assistant at the Museum, and worked instead at temporary assignments such as editing the Mechanics Weekly Journal and working briefly with the naturalist illustrator James Sowerby on his great Mineral Conchology of Great Britain.

In his late teens and early twenties Gray assisted his father with several published works, such as Supplement to the Pharmacopoeia (1818) and A Natural Arrangement of British Plants (1821). In the latter work the elder Gray criticized Linnaean system, favoring other European methods of classification instead. The response to the work was quite critical, and the younger Gray, who was responsible for the synoptic portions of the work, developed a very defensive attitude as a result. Gray’s connection with the Natural Arrangement and his failure to mention Sir James E. Smith in a reference to Sowerby’s English Botany were alleged reasons for his exclusion from the Linnean Society to which he applied in 1822.

Gray’s father encouraged him to enter the medical profession, and to this end he attended lectures at St. Bartholomew’s and Middlesex hospitals, at the City Dispensary, and at classes conducted by John Taunton and William Salisbury elsewhere in the city. A revulsion to surgery and a failed application for an assistantship at the British Museum caused Gray to suffer a nervous breakdown in 1822, forcing him to abandon plans for a medical career. Maria Emma Gray, the widow of his cousin Francis Edward Gray and her circle of friends nursed him back to health, and he later married her in 1826.

In December 1824, after assisting John G. Children, the Keeper of the Zoological Collection, with the Museum’s shell collection, Gray was given another temporary assignment, compiling a catalog of reptiles at 15 shillings per day. That year he completed Children’s shell catalog published as the Genera of Shells (which brought its author [Children] the editorship of the Zoological Journal), and published thirty papers. Doubtless, he made himself indispensable to Children, since on May 27, 1837 he was appointed Assistant Keeper and upon Children’s retirement in March 1840, became Keeper. Gray held the position of Keeper of the Zoological Collection for over thirty-four years.

Gray’s goal throughout his tenure in the Zoological Collection, as he mentioned to a select committee on the British Museum in 1836, was to make the Museum’s collections “the most extensive, the best known, the best exhibited, the most freely available and [the] only catalogued exhibition of its kind.” The year he became Keeper, he began the first register of accessions. Afterward, his great interest in the systematics of the catalog led him to produce increasing numbers of publications related to the collections. Gray authored many of the catalogs of mammals himself, such as those on seals, whales, monkeys, lemurs, fruit-eating bats, carnivores, pachyderms, edentates and ruminants. He also wrote catalogs of lizards and shield reptiles [i.e. turtles]. When it appeared in 1845, Gray’s List of the Specimens of British Animals in the British Museum represented an updated list of British fauna. His other important publications included Illustrations of Indian Zoology with General Hardwicke (1832-34) and the privately published Gleanings from the Menagerie and Aviary at Knowsley (1846).

Those who followed Gray as Keeper conceded that the growth of the British Museum’s zoological collections was solely due to his efforts, despite little funding and the opposition of the museum administration. He explained his success in fulfilling his objectives by referring to a “catholic taste” for dealing with every group of animals. He was shrewd and competitive in acquiring multiple reference collections of specimens, among them Gilbertson’s collection of fossils in 1836 and a collection of skins and skeletons of Indian animals from B.H. Hodgson in 1845. One of his competitors was Richard Owen (1804-1892, APS 1845), who was looking for osteological specimens for the Royal College of Surgeons’ Hunterian Museum. However, his contemporaries were not uncritical of his work. Some excused his mistakes as the result of attempts to do too much with too little material, time and assistance. Others blamed a lack of field experience, resulting in “the needless number of genera and species he introduced” which some “thought detrimental to science.” While all of his contemporaries remarked on his incredible energy and enthusiasm, one concluded that “it would have been better, both for zoology and his own future fame, if the outcome. . . had been represented by half, or even a quarter of the literature under Dr. Gray’s name.”

Gray was a founding member of the Zoological Society in 1826 (and its vice-president from 1865-74). He became a member of the Royal Geographical Society in 1830, a member of the Entomological Society in 1833 (serving as its president in 1858-9), a member of the Botanical Society of London in 1836 (its president, 1836-57) and a member of the Palaeontological Society in 1874. In 1832 Gray was elected to the Royal Society. In 1854 he received an honorary doctorate in Philosophy from the University of Munich.

At the age of sixty Gray’s health began to fail. He suffered a number of mild strokes, and periods of near blindness. In May of 1869 he experienced a paralytic stroke from which he never fully recovered. Nevertheless, he continued in his post as Keeper until December 1874. Gray died on March 7, 1875 and was buried at the churchyard of St. Mary’s in Lewisham.

Gray approached natural history as a collector and organizer of knowledge, but he also realized the limitations of his methods, which focused on the external forms of animals to the neglect of internal structures.

Collection information

Provenance

Received and accessioned, 1959. See in-house shelf list for accession dates and numbers.

General physical description

Ca. 500 items.

Naval History Note

The Gray Papers contain at least one item which may be of interest to naval historians:

Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Letter to John Gray. 1853 September 29. Sends chart of the North Atlantic. 2 pages.

Early American History Note

The John Gray Collection contains correspondence, most of which is incoming and addressed to John Gray or his wife. The collection is fairly large and its chronology ranges from the early nineteenth century until the 1880s. Most of the correspondence is to and from Britons, but there is some correspondence from prominent American scientists and natural historians. John Gray was a natural historian active at the British Museum of Natural History, serving from 1840-1874 as keeper of the Zoological Department. MOLE contains a very detailed inventory.

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • British Museum (Natural History) -- Natural history collections.
  • Geological Society of London
  • Société des sciences naturelle de France.

Family Name(s)

  • Brookes, Joshua, -- 1754-1821.
  • Steenstrup, J. Japetus Sm. -- (Johannes Japetus Sm.), -- 1813-1897.

Genre(s)

  • Autographs.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Assyria -- Antiquities.
  • Florida -- Discovery and exploration.
  • Nineveh (Extinct city) -- Antiquities.

Personal Name(s)

  • Acland, Henry W., (Henry Wentworth), 1815-1900
  • Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873
  • Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892
  • Allman, George James, 1812-1898
  • Andrews, William, 1802-1880
  • Babington, Charles Cardale, 1808-1895
  • Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887
  • Balard, Antoine-Jérôme, 1802-1876
  • Bate, C. Spence , (Charles Spence), 1818-1889
  • Berkeley, M. J., (Miles Joseph), 1803-1889
  • Blainville, H.-M. Ducrotay de, (Henri-Marie Ducrotay), 1777-1850.
  • Bland, Thomas, 1809-1885
  • Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857
  • Bonomi, Joseph
  • Bouchard-Chantereaux, Nicolas Robert, 1802-1864
  • Bowles, William Lisle, 1762-1850
  • Broderip, William John, 1789-1859
  • Buckland, William, 1784-1856
  • Busk, George, 1807-1886
  • Cuming, Hugh, 1791-1865
  • Dana, James D. (James Dwight), 1813-1895
  • Du Chaillu, Paul B., (Paul Belloni), 1835-1903
  • Duméril, C., (Constant), 1774-1860
  • Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867
  • Fitch, Asa, 1809-1879
  • Flower , William Henry, 1831-1899
  • Forbes, Edward, 1815-1854
  • Galton, Francis, Sir, 1822-1911
  • Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore, 1805-1861
  • Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875
  • Green, Jacob, 1790-1841
  • Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878
  • Hoeven, Jan van der
  • Jardine, William, Sir, 1800-1874
  • Lefèvre, Jean-Jacques, 1779-1858
  • Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873
  • Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851
  • Müller, Joh., 1801-1858
  • Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859
  • Pfeiffer, Ludwig Georg Karl, 1805-1877.
  • Schomburgk, Robert H., Sir, (Robert Hermann), 1804-1865
  • Valenciennes, M., 1794-1865
  • Worsaae, Jens Jakob Asmussen, 1821-1885

Subject(s)

  • Beyond Early America
  • Geology.
  • Mollusks.
  • Natural history -- Catalogs and collections -- England.
  • Natural history -- Catalogs and collections -- United States.
  • Shells.


Detailed Inventory
Papers
  
Needham, William.
Statement of account to the Foreign Office
Feb. 27, 178312x7-1/2

St. James', D.S.; C. J. Fox and Wm. Needham. 1p.

General physical description: 12x7-1/2

Smith, John .
Bill to Lord North for expenses
Oct. 20, 178311-3/4x7-1/2

Whitehall, D.S.: John Smith, North, and Tho[ma]s Chetham, Clerk. 1p.

General physical description: 11-3/4x7-1/2

Dorchester, Guy Carleton, Baron, 1724-1808.
Warrant to Thomas Boone
March 6, 178812-1/2x8

Quebec, Printed D. filled in in ms.: Dorchester, Entered: Thos. Action, and Fran. LeMaistre. 1p. and end.

General physical description: 12-1/2x8

Salisbury.
Warrant to Cha[rle]s Crowle
July 6, 179012-3/4x8

D.S. 1p.

General physical description: 12-3/4x8

Schlagintweit, Adolf von, 1829-1857.
Letter to John E. Gray
Dec. 19, 1800, 1850?6-1/4x4

A.L.S. 4p. Refuses invitation.

General physical description: 6-1/4x4

Belsham, Thomas, 1750-1829.
Letter to [Lord Rockingham?]
April 4, 18099x7-1/4

Hackney, A.L.in 3rd. P. 2p. and end. by J. E. Gray. Thanks for contribution to Theophilus Lindsay's widow. Describes how fund is to be organized.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Birkbeck, George, 1776-1841..
Letter to ----
March 4, 18119x7

A.L.S. 2p. Will accomodate a profession friend at all times.

General physical description: 9x7

Prescription for Mrs Gray
1816 March 18 
James Tandy, Jr..
Letter to [John] Edward Gray
15 February, 1821 

Dublin, A.L.S. 3p. Letter accompanying shell specimens collected by Tandy in response to Gray's want list. Difficulties in the study of natural history in Dublin. Mentions Mr. Bulwer, Dr. Coulter?, and Mr. Vigars. Dublin, February ... 1. Bulwer, James. 2. Coulter,. 3. Dublin - Natural history. 4. Vigars,. I. Gray, J[ohn] E[dward], 1800-1875.

Epitaph on Prof. Buckland
1822 
Rudolphi, Carl Asmund, 1771-1832.
Letter to ----
Nov. 29, 18248-3/4x8

A.L.S. 2p. In German.

General physical description: 8-3/4x8

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Britton, John, 1771-1857.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Dec. 5, 18257-1/4x5

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Asks question.

General physical description: 7-1/4x5

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to "Sir John"
1826 August 20 
Combe, Taylor, 1774-1826.
Letter to Mrs. F. Gray
July 17, 18264-1/2x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. and add., end. Fragment. Wishes his remembrances given to friends.

General physical description: 4-1/2x7-1/4

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis, 1778-1850.
Letter to Monsieur Kunth, Paris
Nov. 30, 18266-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French. Sends him an address.

General physical description: 6-1/4x4-3/4

Duncan, John Shute, 1769-1844.
Letter to J[oh]n Ed[ward] Gray, London
April 10, 18279x7-1/2

Bath, A.L.S. 4p., add. Inexpensive places to stay in Oxford. Concerning P. B. Duncan. Concerning the dodo.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Owen, William F. W..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1827 May 27 
Lea, Isaac, 1792-1886.
Letter to Prince Charles Bonaparte, Point Breeze, N.J.
Nov. 6, 18279-1/2x7-3/4

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Concerning a mollusk described and drawn by Gray.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-3/4

Brookes, Joshua, 1761-1833.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 23, 18277-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and end. Concerning a seal's skeleton.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay, 1777-1850.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Feb. 6, 18288x6-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 2p. and add. In French. Concerning natural history publications.

General physical description: 8x6-1/4

Donovan, Edward, 1768-1837.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 27, 18289x7-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. Cannot show exhibits today. Perhaps later he can.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay, 1777-1850.
Letter to [John] E. Gray
May 9, 1828(?)8x5

A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French. Writes a note since Brongniart and Milne-Edwards are visiting England.

General physical description: 8x5

Hennah, W.V..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1828 May 17 
Bone, Henry Pierce, 1779-1855.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
March 11, 18297-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces his son, William, who wishes a ticket to the reading rooms of the British Museum.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Gilbert , Lewis.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 8, 18298-1/4x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Presents prints to the Museum.

General physical description: 8-1/4x7-1/4

Lonsdale, W. (William), 1794-1871.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1829 June 12 
Bicheno, James Ebenezer, 1785-1851.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 17, 18297-1/2x7-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. Linnean society will exchange publications.

General physical description: 7-1/2x7-1/4

Loudon, John Claudius.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1829 July 14 
Williams, Jonathan.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1829 December 3 
Letter to John Edward Gray
1829? December 22 
Munden, Joseph Dhepherd.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1830 March 18 
Buckey, W..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
March 22, 18307x4-1/2

Weybridge, L. 2p. Concerning publications.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to M. Duclos, Paris
March 25, 183010x8

London, A.L.S. 2p. on broadside: J. E. Gray. "Proposals for publishing...Illustrations of Indian Zoology..." Concerning mollusks and natural history Refers to Société des sciences naturelle de France and Geological Society of London.

General physical description: 10x8

Dillwyn, Lewis Weston, 1778-1855.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 5, 18308-3/4x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces J. G. Jeffreys who wishes to see shells.

General physical description: 8-3/4x7-1/4

McGrigor, John, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1830 June 10 
Ellis, Wynne, 1790-1875.
Letter to [John Thomas] Smith
July 15, 18307x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Presents prints to the Museum.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Oken, Laurent, 1779-1851.
Letter to ----
Sept. 26, 18304x5

A.L.S. 1p. In German.

General physical description: 4x5

Prattinton, Dr..
Letter to John Edward Grey (Gray)
1830 October 9 
Hayter?, John.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1830 November 11 
Beechey, William, Sir, 1753-1839..
Letter to J. Smith
March 11, 18317x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces John Grace Freeman, who is competent and should draw from marbles in the British museum.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Upcott, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1831 March 18 
Bauer.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 6, 18316-1/4x4-1/2

Kew, A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Will be glad to have him examine the microscope.

General physical description: 6-1/4x4-1/2

Bouchard-Chantereaux, Nicolas Robert, 1802-1864.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 20, 18318x5-1/4

Boulogne, A.L.S. 3p. In French. Thanks for publications. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Young, Nicholas.
Letter to [Sir John] Richardson
April 29, 18319-1/2x7-3/4

London, A.L.S. 1p. Concerning cases of specimens and their rough treatment by customs.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-3/4

Chantrey, Francis Legatt, Sir, 1781-1842.
Letter to J. T. Smith
May 5, 18317-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Recommends a man to study.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Lindley, John, 1799-1865.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1831 June 15 
Walker, N..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1831 November 18 
Beknis, William.
Letter to J[ohn Thomas] Smith
Jan. 23, 18327-1/2x4-1/2

L. 1p. Asks that he let the bearer see some prints.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Rossi, John Charles Felix, 1762-1839.
Letter to [John Thomas] Smith
Feb. 2, 18326-1/2 x 4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces a man who wishes to study some prints.

General physical description: 6-1/2 x 4-1/2

Taylor, J. Herbert.
Letter to the Secretary to the city of London Truss Society
1832 February 8 

Processing information: Letter written in third person

Maton, William George.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1832 February 13 
Haworth, Adrian Hardy.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1832 February 19 
Buckland, William, 1784-1856.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
April 2, 18329x7-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Asks favor.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Wellesley, Henry, Baron Cowley, 1773-1847.
Pass to the House of Lords
April 13, 18322-3/4x4-3/4

A.D.S. 1p.

General physical description: 2-3/4x4-3/4

Wellesley, Henry, Baron Cowley, 1773-1847.
Pass to the House of Lords
April 13, 18322-3/4x4-3/4

A.D.S. 1p.

General physical description: 2-3/4x4-3/4

Smith, Charles Hamilton.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1832 April 15 
Baily, Edward Hodges, 1788-1867.
Letter to John Thomas Smith
May 29, 18329x7-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks that a friend be allowed to sketch in the museum.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Coppock, James, 1798-1857.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
July 19, 18327-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Concerning an election.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

[Farnborough, Charles Long, Baron, 1761-1838.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 13, 18325-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Presents prints by Sir J. Reynolds.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

Etty, William, 1787-1849.
Letter to J[ohn] T. Smith
Nov. 21, 18327x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces a man who would like to study the Elgin marbles.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Bennett, Edward Turner, 1797-1836.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 26, 18327-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks favor.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Chalon, Alfred Edward, 1780-1860.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 17, 18339x7-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks that a friend be allowed to study at the Museum.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Hardwicke, Thomas.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1833 January 24 
Broderip, W[illiam] J[ohn], 1789-1859.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 16, 18337x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p.and add. Thanks for it, but returns shell.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Peel, Robert, 1788-1850.
Letter to J. C. Taunton, London
May 19, [1833]8x12-3/4

Fazeley Manor, A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. and add. Asks for a truss for an old gentleman from the City of London Truss Society.

General physical description: 8x12-3/4

Christie, Samuel Hunter, 1784-1865.
Letter to [Mrs. Maria Emma Gray]
May 29, 18337x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Milne-Edwards, H., (Henri), 1800-1885.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
June 12, 18338x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces Henri de Sassure and asks that he be encouraged in entomological research.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Finch, E..
Letter to Mary Ann
July 1, 183310x8

Liverpool, A.L.S. 2p. Sends cartoon of politicians.

General physical description: 10x8

Hay, Robert.
Letter to John George Children
1833 July 9? 
Harlan, Richard, 1796-1843.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 19, 18336-3/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Returns books. Asks for letters of introduction to men in Europe.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4-1/2

Green, Jacob, 1790-1841.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 9, 18339-3/4x8

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces Philip H. Nicklin. Concerning shells.

General physical description: 9-3/4x8

Fox, William Johnson, 1786-1864.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
June 23, 18346-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 3p. Asks for his daughter to be admitted to the engraving room.

General physical description: 6-1/4x4-3/4

Horsfield, Thomas, 1773-1859.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1835 January 7 
Sykes, Colonel, (William Henry), 1790-1872.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1835 January 21 
Olde, E. M..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Sept. 22, 18359-1/2x8-1/4

Stockholm, A.L.S. 1p. Forwards publications. Difficulty of mailing material to him.

General physical description: 9-1/2x8-1/4

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien Jules Laurent, Prince de Canino, 1803-1857.
Letter to E. J. [sic] Gray
Oct. 26, 183510-3/4x7-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and add.: Lord Dudley Stuart. Concerning his recent publication which he cannot acquire through book-dealers.

General physical description: 10-3/4x7-1/2

Murray, Hugh.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1835 December 21 
Bennett, Edward Turner, 1797-1836.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Jan. 22, 18367-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Makes inquiries about publications.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Tibook.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Jan. 25, 18369-1/2x8

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Thinks an expression of sympathy is enough.

General physical description: 9-1/2x8

Rudolphi, Carl Asmund, 1771-1832.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
March 2, 18369x5-1/4

Berlin, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces a friend. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 9x5-1/4

Children, John George, 1777-1852.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 9, 18367x4-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Confirms appointment.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Panizzi, Anthony, Sir, 1797-1879.
Letter to Dr. [John E.] Gray
May 14, 18367x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Concerning his visit to the museum.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Académie des sciences (France).
Letter to Zoological society of London
June 27, 183610x8

Paris, Printed L. filled in in ms.S: Flourens. 1p. In French. Thanks for Transactions.

General physical description: 10x8

Bell, Thomas, 1792-1880.
Letter to John Edw[ar]d Gray
Sept. 9, 18367-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 2p. and add. Cannot dine with them as planned.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Macartney, James.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1836 September 24 
Sykes, Colonel, (William Henry), 1790-1872.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1836? December 22 
Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Jan. 22, 18377-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Concerning a shell.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Leemans, Conrad, 1809-1893.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Nov. 17, 18377-3/4x5-1/2

Leyden, A.L.S. 2p. Introduces and friend and recommends him.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5-1/2

Letter to John Edward Gray
1838 February 26 
Curtis, Charles M..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 2, 18399x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Concerning drawings which Richardson will purchase if it will help the man.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Tooke, William.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1839 April 9 
Cowper, Edward, 1790-1852.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
April 22, 183910x8

Holborn, A.L.S. 1p. Asks if they would like to hear him lecture on watches, and if not, perhaps the museum would be of interest.

General physical description: 10x8

Forbes, Edward, 1815-1854.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 13, 18399-1/4x7

Isle of Man, A.L.S. 4p. Concerning the dredging of the Clyde and how to utilize it for geological and zoological observations. Geology in Scotland, and the formation of lochs.

General physical description: 9-1/4x7

Babington, Charles Cardale, 1808-1895.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 23, 18399x7-1/4

Cambridge, A.L.S. 2p. Has searched for the shell, due to Henslow's request.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Dec. 16, 18399x7-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. and add. Concerning astronomical observations.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Eskleben, J..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 9, 184-7x4-1/4

L. 1p. Forwards plate.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Lee, John.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1840 January 7 
Broderip, William John, 1789-1859.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 9, 18407-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks name of opossum.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867.
Letter to E[dward] W[illiam] Gray
Jan. 20, 18404-3/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. May join him February 14.

General physical description: 4-3/4x4-1/2

Stephens, Henry Oxley.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1840 February 17 
Letter to John Edward Gray
1840? February 21 
Wyse?, Thomas.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1840 March 19 
Benton, Edward.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 3, 18407-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Congratulates him on his new post.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Carpenter, William Benjamin, 1813-1885.
Letter to John E. Gray
April 5, 18404-1/2x3-3/4

Bristol, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Congratulates him on his new post. Explains a publication.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-3/4

Baber, Henry Hervey, 1775-1869.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 8, 18407-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Congratulates him on his appointment at the British Museum.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to "My dear Sir"
April 29, 1840 
Elliot, Walter, Sir, 1803-1887.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
June 18, 18409x7-1/4

A.L.S. 4p., add. Cannot do much collecting, but sends him a snake for the British museum.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Clift, William, 1775-1849.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Sept. 1, 18407-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Introduces a man interested in mollusks.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Bourne, John.
Letter to J[ohn] B. Gray
Nov. 11, 18406x4

A.L.S. 2p. Will welcome them for a visit.

General physical description: 6x4

Children, John George, 1777-1852.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Dec. 30, 18407x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Invitation to dinner.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Ogilby, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841? January 6 
Yolland?, N..
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1841 January 11 
Solly, Samuel.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1841 February 8 
Jones, Thomas Rymer.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 February 15 
Microscopical society of London.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Feb. 16, 18419-1/4x7

A.L.S.: Arthur Farre. 1p. Announces his election as a member of the council.

General physical description: 9-1/4x7

Hodgson, Joseph.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1841 February 23 
Prosser, George Walter?.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 March 13 
Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 20, 18417-1/4x4-1/2

Greenwich, A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for his last note, which he will answer.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Kay, J. Taylor.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 April 6 
Paget, James, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1841 April 19 
Bowman, William, Sir, 1816-1892.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
May 3, 18417-1/4x4-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Cannot accept the invitation. May see her at the British museum before he leaves town.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/4

Jackson, ?.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 May 8 
Gilbertson, William.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 15, 18419x7

Preston, A.L.S. 1p. Forwards fossils.

General physical description: 9x7

[Smith, J. C.]?.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1841 May 19 
Dyce, William, 1806-1864.
Letter to Sir Henry Ellis
May 31, 18417-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 1p., end. by Ellis to J. E. Gray. Asks him to let a boy copy birds.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Osler, Abraham Follett, 1808-1903. Wickenden, Joseph.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 May 31 
Hawkings, Edward.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 June 8 
King, Richard.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1841 June 9 
Bowman, William, Sir, 1816-1892.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray, London
June 22, 18418x6

Paris, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Reassures her of the health of her nephew.

General physical description: 8x6

Barclay, R..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
June 24, 18417-1/4x4-3/4

Kew, A.L.S. 3p., end. and add. Concerning natural history.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Britton, John, 1771-1857.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
June 26, 18417x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Cannot accept invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Burnett, William, Sir, 1779-1861.
Letter to ----
July 23, 18417-1/2x4-3/4

A.L.S. 1p., end. Asks him to Check with Gray to see if the boxes are there.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-3/4

Earl, Percy.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Sept. 1, 18417x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. Concerning methods of collecting natural history specimens.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Cumming, James, 1777-1861.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Dec. 6, 18419x7-1/4

Cambridge, A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for the tortoises.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Burney, Charles Parr.
Letter to John Edward Gray
Jan. 13, 18427x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Has promised his vote to someone else.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Leemans, Conrad, 1809-1893.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 13, 18427-3/4x5

Leyden, A.L.S. 4p. Introduces a friend who is interested in natural history. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5

Duffinback.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 25, 18422-3/4x4

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 2-3/4x4

Sopwith, Thomas.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1842 April 28 
Cross, E..
Letter to [John] E. Gray
April 30, 18427-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Concerning natural history specimens.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Hutton, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1842 May 12 
Branting, Gabr.
Concerning Emma and Henrie Cajander
June 16, 18424-1/2x6

Stockholm, A.D.S. 1p.

General physical description: 4-1/2x6

Lefroy, John Henry, Sir.
Letter to C. Vowell
1842 June 16 
Brockedon, William, 1787-1854.
Letter to J[ohn E.] Gray
June 20, 18427-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Forwards item.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Sowerby, James de Carle, 1787-1871 .
Letter to John Edward Gray
1842 July 6 
Sutherland, Alexander Robert.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1842 July 13 
Busk, Geo[rge], 1807-1886.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Sept. 17, 18427-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Concerning worms and shells.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Smith, John Pye, 1774-1851.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1842 October 14 
Ellis, Henry, Sir, 1777-1869.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Oct. 15, 18428-3/4x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for gift.

General physical description: 8-3/4x7-1/4

Etty, William, 1787-1849.
Letter to [Edward] Hawkins
Nov. 2, 18426-3/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p., end. Asks favor.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4-1/2

Edwards, Frederic S..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 5, 18425x3-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Informs him of a meeting.

General physical description: 5x3-1/2

Hancock, J..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1842 November 8 
Grant, J. C..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 12, 18425x4

A.L.S. 1p. Gives address of W. E. Hickson.

General physical description: 5x4

Pettigrew, Thomas Joseph.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1842 November 22 
Heywood, James.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 January 14 
Gower, J. R..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 16, 18437-1/2x5

A.L.S. 1p. Will accept his offer for birds.

General physical description: 7-1/2x5

Phillips, Henry, Jr..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 February 3 
Inglis, Robert Harry, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 February 15 
Leemans, Conrad, 1809-1893.
Letter to Mrs. M[aria] E[mma] Gray, British Museum
Feb. 21, 18438-1/2x6

Leyden, A.L.S. 4p., add. Contrary to report, is alive and well. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 8-1/2x6

Hassa?, Arthur H..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 March 2 
Saunders, W. Wilson, (William Wilson), 1809-1879.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 April 5 
Chesney, Francis Rawdon, 1789-1872.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 7, 18437-1/2x4-1/2

Woolwich, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Asks name of bird which inhabits the Bosphorus.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Binning.
Letter to Mr. & Mrs. Gray
April 28, 18437x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Arnott, Neil, 1788-1874.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 20, 18438x5-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Introduces [Arvid August?] Afzelius.

General physical description: 8x5-1/2

Britton, John, 1771-1857.
Letter to [John] E. Gray
May 31, 18434-1/2x3-3/4

Forwards volumes.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-3/4

Hamilton, ?.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1843 June 11 
Matthes, C. J..
Letter to John E. Gray, London
July 15, 18434-3/4x4

A.L.S. 3p. Inquires of family news. Introduces van Rees.

General physical description: 4-3/4x4

Desessus, Benjamin.
Letter to [Mrs. Maria Emma Gray]
Oct. 27, 18438x6-1/2

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. In French. Concerning shells.

General physical description: 8x6-1/2

Fryer, J. H..
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Nov. 17, 18435-1/4x3-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Introduces a friend who is to purchase 2 of his books.

General physical description: 5-1/4x3-1/2

Mangles, James.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1843 November 23 
Clarke, William Branwhite, 1798-1878.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 27, 18435-1/4x3-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Will call upon him tomorrow.

General physical description: 5-1/4x3-1/2

The Horticultural Society..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1844 
Fellows, Charles, Sir, 1799-1860.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Jan. 7, 18447x5

A.L.S. 2p. Accepts invitation, if still needed.

General physical description: 7x5

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to Mrs Hawes
1844 June 5 
Bromfield, William Arnold, 1801-1851.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 30, 18447-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. Gives him directions.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Fellows, Charles, Sir, 1799-1860..
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Oct. 12, 18447x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Will be too happy to do him a favor.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Hodgkin, Thomas, 1798-1866.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1844 October 28 
Schomburgk, Robert H. (Robert Hermann), Sir, 1804-1865.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Nov. 19, 18445-1/4x3-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Asks for directions from Mrs. Gray, since his have been misdirections.

General physical description: 5-1/4x3-1/2

Smith, Thomas Southwood.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1844 December 7 
Brockedon, William, 1787-1854.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Dec. 14, 18447x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Introduces a man who wishes to present a carp to the museum.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Jan. 13, 18457-1/2x4-1/2

Rainhill, A.L.S. 1p. and add. Asks for several copies of the sketch which he will pick up when he visits London in the Spring.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Eastlake, Charles Lock, Sir, 1793-1865.
Letter to B[enjamin?] Smith
April 12, 18457x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Acknowledges letter.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Adamson, John, 1787-1855.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
April 30, 18456-3/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and enc. of 1p. Encloses a sonnett.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4-1/2

Richardson, John, Sir, 1787-1865.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1845 May 8 
Bonomi, Joseph, 1796-1878.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 6, 18455-1/4x3-1/2

A.L. 2p. Incomplete. Will exchange birds.

General physical description: 5-1/4x3-1/2

Children, John George, 1777-1852.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
June 22, 18457x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Accepts invitation to dinner.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay, 1777-1850.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 12, 18457x5

A.L.S. 3p. In French. Friendly letter. Refers to a fossil.

General physical description: 7x5

Thompson, Thomas Perronet, 1783-1869.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
July 19, 18457-3/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 3p. Botanical matters.

General physical description: 7-3/4x4-3/4

Moquin-Tandon, [Horace Bénédict Alfred], 1804-1863..
Letter to Ph[ilip] Barker Webb, Godalming, Surrey
Aug. 10, 18459-3/4x7-3/4

Toulouse, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Concerning the study of plants.

General physical description: 9-3/4x7-3/4

Hooker, William Jackson, Sir, 1785-1865.
Letter to [John] Edward Gray
24 August, 1845 

Kew, . . . Sir Joseph Dalton, 1817-1911. I. [Gray, John Edward], 1800-1875.

Miers, John, 1789-1879.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1845 September 23 
Clouston, Charles.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 22, 18457-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Concerning natural history specimens.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Endlicher, Cécile.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray, London
Nov. 12, 18457-1/2x5-1/2

Kerme, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Introduces a young man on his way to America.

General physical description: 7-1/2x5-1/2

An , J. Y..
Hieroglyph to John Edward Gray
Feb. 2, 18467-1/4x4-1/2

D. 1p. and add.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Berkeley, Miles Joseph, 1803-1889.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
April 2, 18464x2-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Forwards a shell to the British museum.

General physical description: 4x2-1/2

Praetorius, Dr.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1846 May 6 

Other Descriptive Information: Letter written in third person

Taylor, Edward.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1846 May 8 

Other Descriptive Information: Written in third person

Buckland, William, 1781-1856.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
May 12, 18467-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Concerning a fish.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Beaufoy, Henry.
Letter to John J. Bennett
May 16, 18467x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd.P. 1p. Refuses invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Anderson, William, 1766-1846.
Letter to J[ohn] J. Bennett
May 23, 18463x4-1/4

Chelsea, A.L.S. 1p. Cannot attend meeting of the Linnean society, due to his age.

General physical description: 3x4-1/4

Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
June 12, 18467x4-1/4

Greenwich, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces Peter Andreas Hansen.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Baird, William, 1803-1872.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 22, 18467x4-1/2

Kelso, A.L.S. 3p. Will come to London. Friendly Letter.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Bamston, George.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 25, 18467-1/4x4-1/2

Tadousac, A.L.S. 3p. Sends seals and other natural history objects from Canada.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Holmes, F. S., (Francis Simmons), 1815-1882.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
June 27, 18469-3/4x8

London; Charleston, A.L.S. 1p. Proposes the exchange of shells.

General physical description: 9-3/4x8

Copeland, George M..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
July 14, 18467x4-1/2

Woolwich, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Concerning birds.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Müller, Johannes, 1801-1858.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
July 14, 18467-3/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 2p. Fears the items were left among his brother's papers.

General physical description: 7-3/4x4-3/4

Müller, Johannes, 1801-1858.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
July 16, 18468x5

A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for check.

General physical description: 8x5

Holbrook, John Edwards, 1794-1871.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 15, 184610x8

Charleston, S.D., A.L.S. 1p. Has forwarded him publication. Plans of additional work on fishes of the South.

General physical description: 10x8

Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von, 1811-1899.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Sept. 1, 18467x5

A.L.in 3rd. P. 2p. and add. Has forwarded the publication to Berlin.

General physical description: 7x5

Carpenter, William Hookham, 1792-1866.
Letter to [John] Edw[ard] Gray
Oct. 20, 18464-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Is busy Thursday and Friday, but hopes Saturday will suit him.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-1/2

Valenciennes, Achille, 1794-1865.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 24, 18469x7-3/4

A.L.S. 1p. In French. Friendly, farewell letter.

General physical description: 9x7-3/4

Longman, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1846 November 3 
Jervis, Swynfen.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1846 December 13 
Michellin, Fr..
Letter to [John E.] Gray, London
Dec. 26, 18468-1/4 x 5-1/2

L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Concerning natural history. Refers to Agassiz.

General physical description: 8-1/4 x 5-1/2

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 31, 18479-1/2x7-1/2

Boston, A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning his collections for a natural history museum.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-1/2

Grey, William.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Feb. 10, 184710x8-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Concerning the exchange of insects etc.

General physical description: 10x8-1/2

Hoeven, Jan van der, 1802-1868.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Feb. 19, 18475x8

Leiden, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces a relative who would like to visit in the British Museum.

General physical description: 5x8

Worsaae, Jens Jakob Asmussen, 1821-1885.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1847? March Thursday 
Worsaee, Jens Jacob Asmussen, 1821-1885.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
March 26, 18477-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Offers birds for sale and exchange.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Phillips, Henry W..
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1847 March 28 
Hill, Arthur.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1847 May 13 
Bourcier, Jules.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 11, 18476-1/4x5

London, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 6-1/4x5

Dana, James Dwight, 1813-1895.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
April 24, 18479-1/2x7-1/4

New Haven, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Concerning corals.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-1/4

Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray, third person
1847 May 19 
Moulines, Charles des.
Letter to ----
June 10, 18478-3/4x6-3/4

A.L.S. 4p. In French. Hopes to meet Gray. Discusses questions of natural history. Refers to Lyell, the Geological and Linnean societies, Agassiz, and French societies and men.

General physical description: 8-3/4x6-3/4

Norwich, E..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1847 June 10? 
Müller, Johannes, 1801-1858.
Letter to John Edw[ard] Gray, London
July 3, 18479-3/4x8-1/2

Berlin, A.L.S. 2p. and add. In German.

General physical description: 9-3/4x8-1/2

Delaz, Julian M..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 14, 18479-1/2x7

Liege, A.L.S. 1p. Asks for position in the museum if a vacancy should occur in natural history.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7

Schomburgk, Robert H. (Robert Hermann), Sir, 1804-1865.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
July 28, 18475-3/4x3-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. Forwards Trosehel material and asks his opinion on it. On same sheet is: Gray to Schomburgk; Aug. 1, 18476.

General physical description: 5-3/4x3-1/2

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to [Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk]
Aug. 1, 18475-3/4x3-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Draft. Concerning Trochel's letter. On same sheet as: Schomburgk to Gray; July 28, 1847.

General physical description: 5-3/4x3-1/2

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Lawes, Edward.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1847 August 2 
Esmark, Lauritz.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Aug. 15, 18476x3-3/4

A.L.S. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 6x3-3/4

Curzon, Robert, 1810-1873..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Sept. 21, 18477-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Forwards wild sheep specimens.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Schomburgk, Robert H. (Robert Hermann), Sir, 1804-1865.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Sept. 23, 18477x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Sends fishes and birds to the museum.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay, 1777-1850.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Oct. 2, 18477x4-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning explorers who collect natural history for museums.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Cocks, W. P..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Nov. 2, 18479x7-1/4

Falmouth, A.L.S. 2p. Inquires as to the identity of an animal, which he draws.

General physical description: 9x7-1/4

Worsaee, Jens Jacob Asmussen, 1821-1885.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
March, 1847?7-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Inquires about purchase of exchange of birds.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Weekes, Henry.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1848 January 17 
Donaldson, Thomas Leverton, 1795-1855.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 19, 18487-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for favor.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Dundas, J. W. D., (James Whitley Deans), 1785-1862.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 28, 18487x4-1/4

A.L.S. 2p., seal. Has passed the request on.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Belcher, Edward, Sir, 1799-1877.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Feb. 7, 18487-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Asks a favor.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Smyth, W. H., (William Henry), 1788-1865.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1848 February 18 
Bennett, John Joseph, 1801-1876.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Feb. 28, 18487-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Cannot dine with her today.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Forster, John, 1812-1876.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 1, 18484-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Is sorry he could not visit him.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-1/2

Hosking, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1848 March 1 
Barclay, Andrew Whyte, 1817-1884.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 15, 18486-1/2x4

A.L.S. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 6-1/2x4

Metropolitan Improvement Society of London.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 9, 18487-1/2x4-3/4

Printed L. filled in in ms. 1p. and add. Announces date of meeting.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-3/4

Forshall, Josiah, 1795-1863.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
May 19, 184810x7-3/4

A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for publication for the museum.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Combe, George, 1788-1858.
Letter to W[illia]m Ellis
June 11, 18487-1/4x5

Edinburgh, A.L.S. 1p. Concerning education.

General physical description: 7-1/4x5

Dillwyn, Lewis Weston, 1778-1855.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 21, 18487-1/4x4-1/2

Tenby, A.L.S. 2p. Concerning a large hammer-head shark.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Esmark, Lauritz.
Letter to R. [John E.] Gray, London
July 12, 18488-3/4x5-1/2

Christiania, Denmark, A.L.S. 3p., end. and add. Has been ill. Concerning fishes.

General physical description: 8-3/4x5-1/2

Grant, Robert Edmond, 1793-1874.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Sept. 4, 18484-3/4x3-3/4

A.L.S. 2p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 4-3/4x3-3/4

Brightwell, Thomas.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Oct. 12, 18486-3/4x4-3/4

Norwich, A.L.S. 1p. Will be home next week and the museum will be open.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4-3/4

Spence, William, 1783-1860.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Oct. 29, 18487x4-1/4

A.L.S. 3p. Forwards check for purchase of plate of his portrait and prints which he wishes Gray to keep to give to persons who may want such prints.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Stuart, Daniel.
Letter to [Mrs. Maria Emma Gray]
Oct. 30, 18487-1/2x4-1/2

Yarmouth, A.L.S. 2p. Thanks for work. Sends sketch by his daughter.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Bowerbank, James Scott, 1797-1877.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Dec. 6, 18484-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Concerning the expense for an election.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-1/2

Cuming, Hugh, 1791-1865.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Dec. 16, 18487x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Has reptiles ready for inspection.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Conrad, Timothy Abbott, 1803-1877.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan., 184910x7-3/4

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 1p. and sketch of mollusk shells. Introduces Robert E. Peterson. Concerning shells.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887.
Letter to [John E. Gray?]
Jan. 16, 18493-1/2x8-1/4

Carlisle, Penna., A.L.S. 1p. Certifies that skins from Oregon by Dr. Townsend are excellent.

General physical description: 3-1/2x8-1/4

Colnaghi, Dominic Paul, 1790-1879.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Jan. 25, 18496-3/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Refuses invitation.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4-1/2

Forshall, Josiah, 1795-1863.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Feb. 6, 18497-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Will help if possible.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Klipstein, A..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma Gray]
May 8, 18497-1/2x4-1/2

London, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Accepts invitation, if she stays in London that long.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Kaup.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma Gray]
May 9, 18497-1/2x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Hopes to see them before he leaves London.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-1/2

Jeude, T. G. van Lidth de.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
May 15, 184910x8-1/2

Utrecht, A.L.S. 1p. In Dutch.

General physical description: 10x8-1/2

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to J. Russell
15 May, 1849 

[London], ALS 2p. From British Museum. Describes location of Nineveh antiquities; will make those not on display available upon request.

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to J. Russell
  
Wolf, Mr.
Leter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1849 May 18 

Other Descriptive Information: Written in third person

Herklots, J. A..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
May 18, 18498-3/4x7-1/2

Leiden, A.L.S. 1p. Asks for payment of an exchange, of invertebrate animals.

General physical description: 8-3/4x7-1/2

Boone, William.
Letter to L. B. Stair
May 31, 18497-3/4x5

A.L.S. 2p. Concerning a work on the grouse.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5

Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878.
Letter to John Edward Gray, British Museum
June 13, 18498x5-1/2

Washington, A.L.S. 4p. Asks for information to aid in the plans for the Smithsonian institution. Refers to A. D. Bache.

General physical description: 8x5-1/2

Saucerotte, Antoine Constant, 1805-1884.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 24, 184910x7-1/2

Stuttgart, A.L.S. 1p., end. Recommends a friend.

General physical description: 10x7-1/2

Herbert, John Rogers.
Letter to John Edward Grey (Gray)
1849 July 8 
Everest, R..
Letter to [John E.] Gray
July 14, 18498-1/4x5

A.L.S. 1p. Forwards parcel containing Indian snakes.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5

Castelnau, Francis, comte de, 1812-1880.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 10, 18499x7-1/2

Bahia, Brazil, A.L.S. 2p. In French. Forwards natural history specimens.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Kenyon, J.B..
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1849 August 29 
Neill, Patrick, 1796-1851.
Letter to Mr and Mrs John Edward Gray
1849 September 4 

Other Descriptive Information: Written in third person

Neill, Patrick, 1796-1851.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1849 September 12 
Cunningham, James.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Sept. 18, 18498x5

Edinburgh, A.L.S. 4p. Concerning his collection of shells.

General physical description: 8x5

Taylor's, R.and J.E., printing office.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Oct. 20, 18497-1/4x4-3/4

London, A.L.S.: W. Askham. 1p. Concerning the proposed calendar for the museum.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Martin, Thomas Byam, Sir.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1849 November 9 
Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay, 1777-1850.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Dec. 20, 18496-3/4x4

A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning natural history. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 6-3/4x4

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien Jules Laurent, Prince de Canino, 1803-1857.
Letter to J[ohn] Ed[ward] Gray, London
Jan. 2, 18506x3-1/2

Leyden, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Asks him to print works. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 6x3-1/2

Krantz, A., (Adam), 1808-1872.
Letter to Edward J(sic) Gray
1850 January 7 
Baly, William, 1814-1861.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Jan. 16, 18507x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd.P. 1p. Hopes to attend the conversations.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Norris, Edwin.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 January 21 
Russell, Arthur.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 February 3 
Krantz, A., (Adam), 1808-1872.
Letter to E. G. [John E.] Gray
Feb. 7, 18509-3/4x7-1/2

Bonn, A.L.S. 1p. and add. Has forwarded specimens.

General physical description: 9-3/4x7-1/2

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Adams, Charles Baker, 1814-1853.
Letter to John Edward Gray, British Museum
Feb. 21, 18509x7-1/2

Amherst college, Mass., A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for publications and forwards same.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Brown, William, Sir, 1784-1864.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Feb. 26, 18507x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks him to visit. On same sheet is pasted an autograph of Sir William Brown.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Sundevall, Carl F..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
March 5, 18508-1/2x5-1/2

Stockholm, A.L.S. 3p. and end. Asks him to decipher a name and to ask for natural history item.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/2

Bowman, William, Sir, 1816-1892.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 5, [1850]7x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Busk's name is up for the Royal Society.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Jervis, John.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1850 March 20 
Sutherland, Alexander John.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1850 March 23 
Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
Letter to John Edw[ard] Gray
March 30, 18509-1/2x7-1/2

Columbia, S.C., A.L.S. 1p. Introduces John A. Lowell.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-1/2

Tooke, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 April ? 19 
Hoeg.
Letter to the British museum
May 15, 185010x8-3/4

Bergen, Norway, A.L.S. 1p. Offers natural history objects for sale.

General physical description: 10x8-3/4

Phillipps, Thomas, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 June 8 
Beaumont, Lord.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 9, 18507x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. and end. Concerning a bill in parliament.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Ellis, Henry, Sir, 1777-1869.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
July 17, 18507x4-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. Thanks for publication. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Hooker, William Jackson, Sir, 1785-1865.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
20 July, 1850 

Letter missing since 5/2011

Horsfield, Thomas, 1773-1859.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
July 20, 1850 

Kew, A.L.S. 2p. Requests testamonial for J.D. Hooker for Botanical Chair at Edinburgh. Mentions Dr. Graham. 1. Edinburgh, University of. 2. Graham, Robert, 1786-1845. 3. Hooker, Joseph Dalton.

Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried, 1795-1876.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, British Museum
Aug. 5, 18504x5-1/4

Berlin, A.L.S. 1p. and add. Recommends the Drs. Schlagentweit.

General physical description: 4x5-1/4

Fleming, John, 1785-1857.
Letter to John E. Gray
Aug. 23, 18508x5

Edinburgh, A.L.S. 4p. Thanks for gift of Mrs. Gray's publication. Concerning friends. Concerning natural history.

General physical description: 8x5

Bank of England..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 August 24 
Lefevre, Jean Jacques, 1779-1858.
Letter to [John E.] Gray, London
Sept. 16, 18501/4x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Concerning birds.

General physical description: 1/4x5-1/4

Newton, William John, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1850 December 7 
Recluz.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Oct. 8, 18508-1/4x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/4

Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Oct. 17, 18507x4-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Asks question about conchology.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Bowles, William Lisle, 1762-1850.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Oct. 30, 18507x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks if he could see items lately arrived from Ninevah.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Krantz, A., (Adam), 1808-1872.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 5, 18508-1/2x5-3/4

Bonn, A.L.S. 1p. Offers collections for sale to him.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-3/4

Holboll.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 6, 18507-3/4x6-1/2

London, A.L.S. 1p. Sends list of natural history specimens.

General physical description: 7-3/4x6-1/2

Bean, William.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Nov. 16, 18507x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks if shells were received from him.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Bostock, J. A..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Nov. 19, 18506x3-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Concerning the hours the museum is open, and apologizes for bring people there when it was closed.

General physical description: 6x3-1/2

Brewster, David, Sir, 1781-1868.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Nov. 24, 18507-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Sends letter from lady in Jamaica concerning shells. Sir Walter Trevelyan suggested sending the letter to Gray.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Schlagintweit-Sakünlünski, Hermann Rudolph Alfred von, 1826-1882.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Dec. 9, 18506-1/2x4

A.L.S. 2p. Refuses invitation.

General physical description: 6-1/2x4

Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1851? Tuesday 
Acland, Henry Wentworth, 1815-1900.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 6, 18517x4-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Has already received his publication. Sorry to have missed Captain Parry.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Oersted, Hans Christian, 1777-1851.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Jan. 7, 18518-1/4x5-1/4

Copenhagen, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Thanks for publication. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/4

Fitton, William Henry, 1780-1861..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 15, 18517-1/4x4-1/2

Tumbridge Wells, A.L.S. 2p. Concerning his plates of fossil shells.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Jan. 21, 18517-3/4x5

Philadelphia, A.L.S. 4p. Asks a favor. Concerning wolves.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5

Grateloup, Jean-Pierre Silvestre de, 1782-1862.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 23, 18519-3/4x8-1/4

Bordeaux, A.L.S. 4p. In French. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 9-3/4x8-1/4

Kröll, Charles.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Jan. 24, 18518-1/2x5

Mainz, A.L.S. 1p. Asks a favor.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5

Pratt, John Tidd.
Letter to Mrs. John Edward Gray
1851 January 26 
Landrell, J..
Letter to [Samuel Pickworth] Woodward
Jan. 29, 18517x4-1/2

Oxford, A.L.S. 2p. Wishes to sell his collection of snakes.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Pascoe, Francis Polkinghorne.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1851 February 11 
Bunsen, Robert , 1811-1899.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Feb. 26, 185110x7-3/4

A.L. in 3rd.P. 1p. Will forward book to Berlin.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Siebold, Philipp Franz von, 1796-1866.
Letter to Dr. Kaup
March 11, 18518-1/2x5-1/4

A.L. 2p. In German.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

Roget, Peter Mark, 1779-1869.
Letter to Mrs John Edward gray
1851 March 11 
Ellis, Robert.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 18, 18517-1/2x4-3/4

Blackfriars, L.S. 1p. Answers question. On same sheet is: J. E. G[ray] to [R. Ellis]; March 18, 1851.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-3/4

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to [Robert Ellis]
March 18, 18517-1/2x4-3/4

A.L.S. with initials. 1p. Draft. His question was misunderstood.

General physical description: 7-1/2x4-3/4

Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 March 29 
Ball, Robert, 1802-1857.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 31, 18517-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Wishes to obtain a portrait of Gray.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Cocks, W. P..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
April 14, 18514-1/2x7-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Forwards specimens alive.

General physical description: 4-1/2x7-1/4

Grey, Charles, 1804-1870.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 23, 18517-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 3p. Thanks for publications to the royal library.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Bowring, Edgar A..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
April 25, 18517x4-1/2

Whitehall, A.L.S. 2p. Cannot accept invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Derby, Edward Smith Stanley, Earl of, 1775-1851.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 5, 18517x4-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. and add. Has been ill. Lists plans and hopes for the future.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Abbott.
Letter to Mr. & Mrs. Gray
May 27, 18517x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Wallich, Nathaniel.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 May 27 
Northcote, Stafford Henry, Sir.
Letter to Mr and Mrs John Edward Gray
1851 May 28 
Letter to Mr and Mrs Gray
1851 May 29 
Cautley, G. S..
Letter to [John E.] Gray
June, 18514-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 3p. Introduces a friend who wishes to see the museum.

General physical description: 4-1/2x3-1/2

Philippi, Rudolfo Amado, 1808-1904.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
June 2, 18519-1/2x7-1/2

Carlshutte, A.L.S. 1p. and add. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 9-1/2x7-1/2

Sagra, Ramon de la 1798-1871.
Letter to Mr. & Mrs. Gray
June 2, 18516-1/2x5

London, A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. In French. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 6-1/2x5

Solly, Edward.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1851? June 5 
Philippi, Rudolfo Amado, 1808-1904.
Concerning Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray's publication on mollusks
June 20, 18514x6-1/2

A.D.S. 1p. and end. In German.

General physical description: 4x6-1/2

Verreaux, F. P..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 27, 18518x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning birds for the museum.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Britton, John, 1771-1857.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
July 1, 18515-1/2x3-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Asks for portrait of him.

General physical description: 5-1/2x3-1/2

Hoeven, Jan van der, 1802-1868.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 7, 18513x5

Leiden, A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Introduces a friend.

General physical description: 3x5

Mitchell, D.W..
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1851 July 11 
Hodgkin, Thomas, 1798-1866.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 July 13 
Lucy, William.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1851 July 16 
Albers, Jean Frédéric Hermann, 1805-1867.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 19, 18517-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Sorry he could not accept the invitation.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Hawkins, Walter.
Letter to James (John) Edward Gray
1851 July 21 
Bell, John, 1811-1895.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
July 24, 18517x4-1/2

Kensington, A.L.S. 1p. Asks him to dinner to meet friends.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Pfeiffer, Louis Georg Karl, 1805-1877.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Aug. 6, 18519-3/4x8

London, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Accepts his offer to translate his article. Lists his methods of arranging natural history items.

General physical description: 9-3/4x8

Saunders, W. Wilson, (William Wilson), 1809-1879.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 August 13 
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 August 28 
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Sept. 1, 18519-1/2x8

Philadelphia, Printed L. filled in in ms.S.: John Cassin. Thanks for publication.

General physical description: 9-1/2x8

Van Voorst, John.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1851 September 4 
Balard, Antoine Jérome, 1802-1876.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Sept. 12, 18518-1/2x5-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. In French. Remembers his visit to the museum with much pleasure. Recommends a friend who comes to London.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

Nauchet.
Letter to [John E.] Gray, London
Sept. 18, 18518x5-1/4

A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning the difficulty of forwarding natural history specimens.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Steenstrup, J. Japetus Sm. -- (Johannes Japetus Sm.), -- 1813-1897..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 September 23 
Sterling, James H..
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Oct. 1, 185110x7-3/4

London, A.L.S. 1p. Wishes to know the number of birds in the British museum for the curator of the ANS of Philadelphia.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Knight, Charles.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 October 7 

Other Descriptive Information: Written in third person

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Oct. 10, 185110x7-3/4

Cambridge, Mass., A.L.S. 2p. Concerning fishes and the exchange of specimens.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Sommer, M. C..
Letter to John E. Gray, London
Oct. 28, 18519-3/4x9

Altona, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Forwards insects as thanks for his courtesies.

General physical description: 9-3/4x9

Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel, Prince-Consort of England], 1819-1861..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Oct. 31, 185111-3/4x8-1/4

L.S. 1p. Forwards token of appreciation for help for making the Exposition a success.

General physical description: 11-3/4x8-1/4

Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (Felix Edouard), 1799-1874.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Nov. 8, 185110x8

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Concerning specimens for the museum.

General physical description: 10x8

Bland, Thomas, 1809-1885.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 November 14 

Other Descriptive Information: The letter is signed T. Bland and the handwriting was compared with a letter written by Thomas Bland in the Scientist's Collection Call number: 509.L56

Guérin-Méneville, F.E. (Felix Edouard), 1799-1874.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 17, 18518x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 2p. In French. Concerning publication on natural history.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Dufrene, G. E..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 18, 18518x5-1/2

A.L.S. 4p. In French. Concerning natural history. Refers to R. Owen.

General physical description: 8x5-1/2

Kellett, Henry, Sir.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1851 November 20 
Loren, S..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Nov. 28, 18515-1/4x3-1/2

Stockholm, A.L.S. 3p. Introduces a friend. Concerning mollusks.

General physical description: 5-1/4x3-1/2

Loren, S..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Nov. 28, 18516x3-3/4

Stockholm, A.L.S. 1p. Sends gift.

General physical description: 6x3-3/4

Pasley, Charles William, Sir.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1851 December 6 
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore, 1805-1861.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Dec. 10, 18517-3/4x5-1/4

Paris, A.L.S. 3p. and add. In French. Concerning certain birds, the aepyornis.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5-1/4

Lubbren, Sorsbie.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Dec. 15, 18518-1/2x8-1/4

Kiel, A.L.S. 1p. Letter hasn't been answered because his correspondent has been severely ill.

General physical description: 8-1/2x8-1/4

Parzudaki, C..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Dec. 20, 18518-3/4x6-3/4

Paris, A.L.S. 2p. In French. Forwards specimens of natural history to him.

General physical description: 8-3/4x6-3/4

Jerichau-Baumann, Elizabeth, 1819-1881.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Jan. 15, 18527x4

A.L.S. 1p. Accepts invitation. Glad she liked her pictures.

General physical description: 7x4

Cailliaud, Frédéric, 1787-1869.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Feb. 14, 18528-1/4x5-1/2

Nantes, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Asks him to deliver a letter to Mr. Robertson.

General physical description: 8-1/4x5-1/2

Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Feb. 26, 185210x7-3/4

Munich, Printed L. filled in in ms.S.: Fr.Thiersch 1p. and add. In German. Thanks for publication.

General physical description: 10x7-3/4

Troschel, Franz Hermann].
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
March 10, 18529x5-1/2

Bonn, A.L.S. 2p. Forwards publication on mollusks.

General physical description: 9x5-1/2

Cetto, Baron de.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
April 10, 18529x7-1/2

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Delivers diploma.

General physical description: 9x7-1/2

Greville, Robert Kaye, 1794-1866.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 19, 18527-1/4x4-1/2

Edinburgh, A.L.S. 3p. Has forwarded material to Mrs. Gray. Asks questions about disposing of shells.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Pratt, John Tidd.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1852 April 27 
Copenhagen. K. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
May 18, 185210x8-1/2

Copenhagen, Printed L. filled in in ms.S.: Forchhammer. 1p. In Danish. Thanks for publication.

General physical description: 10x8-1/2

Griffiths, Amelia W..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
May 25, 18527-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Is glad she has sold her collection to the museum. Concerning algae.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Rüppell, Eduard, 1794-1884.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
June 9, 18528-1/2x5-1/4

Frankfurt am Main, A.L.S. 1p.and add. Hopes to visit with him in London shortly.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 14, 185210x7

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Concerning Valenciennes and his works. Concerning natural history.

General physical description: 10x7

Potteau.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 14, 185210x7

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. In French. Concerning Valenciennes and his works. Concerning natural history.

General physical description: 10x7

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Troschel, Franz Hermann.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
June 24, 18529x5-1/2

Bonn, A.L.S. 2p. and add. In German.

General physical description: 9x5-1/2

Griffiths, Amelia W..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray, London
July 6, 18527-1/2x6-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Concerning algae.

General physical description: 7-1/2x6-1/2

Bianconi, John Joseph.
Letter to Jean [sic] Edward Gray, London
July 12, 18529-1/2x8-1/2

Bologne, A.L.S. 1p. and add. In French. Concerning a friend who is to collect reptiles, etc.

General physical description: 9-1/2x8-1/2

Rintoul, Robert Stephen.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1852 September 23? 
Plocquet, Hermann.
Letter to John Edward Gray, London
Oct. 5, 185210x7-1/2

Stuttgart, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Asks for job at the British museum since he is a first-rate taxidermist.

General physical description: 10x7-1/2

Rüppell, Eduard, 1794-1884.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Oct. 18, 18529x5-1/2

Frankfurt am Main, A.L.S. 2p. and add. Zoological society business. Fishes.

General physical description: 9x5-1/2

Pasley, Charles William, Sir.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1853 February 22 
St. Davids, C..
Letter to John Stokes
Feb. 28, 18536-1/4x4-1/2

Carmarthen, A.L.S. 1p. Encloses check for school.

General physical description: 6-1/4x4-1/2

Sowerby, George Brettigham Sr?.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1853 May 29 
Bunsen, Robert, 1811-1899.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Aug. 12, 18537-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.in 3rd. P. 2p. Returns passport and explains rules.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Sept. 29, 18537-1/4x4-1/2

London, A.L.S. 2p. Thanks for presents. Sends chart of the North Atlantic.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien Jules Laurent, Prince de Canino, 1803-1857.
Letter to Mr. & Mrs. Gray
Oct. 9, 18534-3/4x5-1/2

Paris, A.L.S. 1p. Introduces his daughter and her husband.

General physical description: 4-3/4x5-1/2

Fletcher, Eliza Dawson, 1770-1858.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Dec. 4, 18536x4

A.L.S. 2p. Has promised her vote elsewhere.

General physical description: 6x4

Alder, Joshua.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1853 December 4 
Hetzel, Pierre Jules, 1814-1886.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
Feb. 6, 18548x5-1/4

A.L.S.: Stahl. 1p. and add. In French. Concerning a specimen of natural history.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878.
Letter to [John E.] Gray, British Museum
April 5, 18547x4-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. and add. Thanks for loan of animal for model.

General physical description: 7x4-1/4

Andrews, William, 1802-1880.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
April 22, 18547-1/4x4-1/2

Dublin, A.L.S. 4p. Introduces Kinahan and asks if any specimens can be sent to Dublin by him.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Fraser, Louis, 1801-1866.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 11, 18547x4-1/2

Liverpool, A.L.S. 1p. Leaves for Iagos. Asks that catalogues be left with a friend.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Fable, James.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
June 22, 18547-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 2p. Has forwarded publication to the King of Portugual and returns his thanks for it.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-3/4

Holmberg, H.J..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
July 25, 18547-3/4x5

Helsingfors, A.L.S. 2p. In German.

General physical description: 7-3/4x5

Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859.
Letter to John Edward Gray
November 6, 1854 

Nutgrove, Is prepared to sell his shell collection to Gray. Mentions Conrad, Jay's Catalogue, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 1. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 2. Conrad, Timothy Abott, 1803-1877. 3. Jay, John Clarkson, 1808-1891. I. [Gray, John Edward], 1800-1875.

Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859.
Letter to John Edward Gray
November 6, 1854 

Nutgrove, Abbott, 1803-1877. 1. Jay, John Clarkson, 1808-1891. I. [Gray, John Edward], 1800-1875.

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Great Britain. Hydrographic Office..
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Dec. 18, 18547-1/4x4-1/2

Printed L.S.: F.Beaufort. 1p., end. Forwards publication.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Bryson, Alexander, 1802-1869.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Jan. 3, 18557-1/4x4-1/2

Edinburgh, A.L.S. 1p. Forwards shells for identification.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Spence, William.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1855 January 13 
Baily, William H..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
Feb. 21, 18557x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Will call and get specimens of shells.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Feb. 27, 18557x4-1/2

London, A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for offer.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Baikie, William Balfour, 1825-1864.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 2, 18557-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Asks for an appointment.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall, 1819-1877.
Letter to "My dear Madam"
April 9, 18555-1/2x4-1/2

Warrington, A.L.S. 1p. Explains why he did not deliver not in person. Refers to the Gray's.

General physical description: 5-1/2x4-1/2

Bate, Charles Spence, 1819-1889..
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 27, 18557-1/4x4-1/2

Plymouth, A.L.S. 2p. Concerning crustaca in the British museum.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Buckson, G. B..
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
May 5, 18557x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Thanks for contribution to Bell's portrait.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Hearsey, J..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1855 May 5 
Fitch, Asa, 1809-1879.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray and Francis Walker, London
May 21, 18557x5-3/4

Salem, N.Y., A.L.S. 3p. and add. Introduces Antonio de Lacenda. Concerning his work on insects of New York. Concerning a publication of Say.

General physical description: 7x5-3/4

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to "Dear Sir"
3 June 1855 
Dickson, Elizabeth Dalzel, 1793-1862..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
June 18, 18557x4-1/2

Tripoli, A.L.S. 2p. Introduces her sister, Mrs. Gagliuffi.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Other Descriptive Information: Unlocated 5/2011

Gagliuffi, Dickson, Elizabeth Dalzel, 1793-1862..
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
June 18, 18557x4-1/2

Tripoli, A.L.S. 2p. Introduces her sister, Mrs. Gagliuffi.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Anderson, John Henry, 1815-1874.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Sept. 6, 18558x5-1/4

A.L.S. 1p. Thanks for his note and forwards item.

General physical description: 8x5-1/4

Jaeger, Oskar.
Letter to Mr. & Mrs. Gray
Sept. 12, 18553-3/4x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd P. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 3-3/4x4-1/2

Brodie, Benjamin Collins, Sir, 1783-1862.
Letter to [John E.] Gray
Oct. 19, 18557x4-1/2

A.L.S. 2p. Asks information.

General physical description: 7x4-1/2

Pfizer, Marie.
Letter to Mrs. M[aria] E[mma] Gray, London
Nov. 20, 18558-1/2x5-1/4

Stuttgart, A.L.S. 4p., add. Introduces her cousin, Gustav Schwab, an American. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 8-1/2x5-1/4

Cocks, John.
Letter to Mrs. [Maria Emma] Gray
Dec. 19, 18557-1/4x4-1/2

Devonport, A.L.S. 4p. Concerning algae.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Feb.16, 18567-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Returns pamphlets.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Jaeger, Oskar.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
March 1(?), 18569x5-1/2

Halle, A.L.S. 2p. Recommends a friend who seeks to use the reading room of the museum. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 9x5-1/2

Jager, George.
Letter to Sir [sic] John Edward Gray, London
Jan. 10, 185610x8-1/2

Stuttgart, A.L.S. 3p. and add. Concerning the arrangement of natural history specimens in the museum. Refers to Charles Bonaparte's work and wishes to borrow it.

General physical description: 10x8-1/2

Walinsky?, J?.
Letter to John Edward Grey (Gray)
1856 February 18 
Wulsten, Clara.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
March 2, 18569x5-1/2

Frankfurt a.d. Oder, A.L.S. 2p. Introduces a friend who wishes to see the museum. Friendly letter.

General physical description: 9x5-1/2

Henslow, J. S. (John Stevens), 1796-1861.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 March 21 
Académie des Sciences (France).
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray, London
March 25, 185610x8

Paris, Printed L. filled in in ms.S.: Flourens. 1p. and add. In French. Thanks for publication.

General physical description: 10x8

Hawkins, Edward.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 April 15 
Tooke, Thomas.
Letter to Mrs John Edward Gray
1856 April 17 
Bowerbank, James Scott, 1797-1877.
Letter to [Mrs. Maria Emma Gray]
April 25, 18567-1/4x4-1/2

A.L.S. 1p. Accepts invitation.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Cayley, A[rthur], 1821-1895.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 28, 18567-1/4x4-1/2

A.L. in 3rd. P. 1p. Will accept invitation.

General physical description: 7-1/4x4-1/2

Loftus, William Kennett?.
Letter to Mr & Mrs John Edward Gray
1856 April 28 
Smith, Archibald.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 July? 31 
Stenelly?, John.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 September 23 
Thompson, Thomas Perronet, 1783-1869.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 September 25 
Thompson, Thomas Perronet, 1783-1869.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1856 October 9 
Latham, Robert Gordon, 1812-1888.
Letter to John Edward Gray?
1856 November 13 
Portugual. British legation.
Letter to J[ohn] E. Gray
Feb. 5, 18579x6

L. 2p. Will transmit letter to the king, who takes great interest in the British museum.

General physical description: 9x6

Stevens, Samuel.
Letter to John Edward Gray
1857 February 13 
Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to Mr. Watson
Feb. 28, 1857 

A.L.S. 3 p., end. Concerns making arrangements to meet.

Stephans?, J.L..
Letter to John Edward Gray
1857 April 12 
Pfeiffer, Ida Reyer, 1797-1858.
Letter to [John E. Gray]
April 16, 18575-1/4x4-3/4

A.L.S. 2p. Forwards natural history specimens.

General physical description: 5-1/4x4-3/4

Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to "Dear Sir"
1858? 
Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to Williams & Norgate
1858 January 8 
Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to William & Norgate
1858 February 6 
Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875.
Letter to William & Norgate
1858? February 18