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Abstract

The son of William Franklin, Royal Governor of New Jersey, William Temple Franklin worked as aide to his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, when the latter served as minister to France during the American Revolution. A bonvivant, Temple received his highest public appointment as Secretary to the American delegation at the Treaty of Versailles in 1782-1783, largely through the influence of his famous grandfather, but never again attained a significant post. As Franklin's literary heir, he edited and published a three volume set of his grandfather's writings in 1817. He married his long time mistress a few months before his death in Paris in 1823.

The William Temple Franklin Papers provides a richly detailed portrait of the life of the grandson of Benjamin Franklin, and consists largely of letters received during the years that Temple served as his grandfather's aide in France, 1776-1785. Although much of the correspondence is routine, during this period, Temple received regular reports from friends and diplomatic colleagues relaying information on the American Revolution, the course of diplomatic and peace negotiations, and French public opinion on Benjamin Franklin and the new United States. The collection is also a rich resource for information on the personal lives of the Franklins, including interesting correspondence from Temple's relatives William Franklin, Elizabeth Franklin, Sarah Franklin Bache, and Jonathan Williams, and his mistress Blanchette Caillot.

Background note

Shortly after his birth in London in 1760, William Temple Franklin was sent out to be raised by a string of foster mothers. The illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin's illegitimate son William and of an unidentified woman of apparently ill repute, Temple was kept far away from the public eye as his father advanced in career and social standing. When Temple was two, his father married respectably and left England to become Royal Governor of New Jersey, and only at age four would Temple begin his slow integration into the fractious Franklin family.

Kept ignorant of his parentage, Temple was introduced into Franklin's Craven Street home as "William Temple," a protégé of his grandfather, while the expenses of his lodging and schooling were funneled quietly through Margaret Stevenson to his absent father. Temple enjoyed the benefits of an excellent education and an amiable social circle and was considered a charming, if sometimes irresponsible young boy, yet it was only years later, when he was asked to accompany his grandfather on his return to Philadelphia in the spring of 1775, that he was at last apprised of his identity. The news, as he soon discovered, was a mixed blessing. Simmering tensions between Benjamin and William over both personal and political differences came to head in May 1775 when the three generations of Franklins met in at Joseph Galloway's farm at Trevose, Bucks County, Pa., to reacquaint themselves and attempt to reconcile. Rather than reunion, however, this meeting provoked a rancorous split between the elder, headstrong Franklins, with the flighty Temple caught in the middle. Although Temple left Trevose with William to become acquainted over the summer, Benjamin insisted that he return to Philadelphia in the fall to begin college -- and not coincidentally, to remain under Benjamin's close supervision.

At the end of an indifferent year at the College of Philadelphia, Temple received news that his father had been declared "an enemy to the liberties of this country" and thrown into prison. Benjamin grew alarmed when Temple decided to travel to New Jersey late in the summer to console his step-mother Elizabeth, and wrote to his grandson to express concern for his safety being so near British lines, but beneath that, he feared that Temple was falling under the sway of Loyalist sympathies. Having already lost a son to the Tories, Benjamin was determined not to lose his grandson. In early September, Benjamin quashed Temple's request to visit his father in prison, claiming at first that useful intelligence might be passed to the enemy, but adding later that he prevented the visit out of "tender Concern" for Temple's welfare during the perilous trip to Connecticut.

In the long run, Benjamin won out in the contest for Temple's loyalties, and when the aging diplomat was called upon to travel to France to secure support for the American cause late in September 1776, Temple came along as his personal aide. From his grandfather's side, Temple was provided with a uniquely privileged view on the sensitive negotiations between the fledgling United States and the French crown, and his grandfather regularly favored him with highly visible assignments to prepare him for future betterment. In December 1777, for example, Temple was selected to deliver the critically important Treaty of Amity between France and the new United States to the French ministry.

Yet despite his grandfather's assistance, Temple did little to distinguish himself, attracting a chorus of doubters as time progressed. Grown into a feckless, seemingly aimless young man, Temple was inclined to dandyism and took to the social life in France with as deep an enthusiasm as his grandfather, but without the wit or intellectual depth, and certainly without the personal discipline and commitment to Republican principles. Worse, Temple seems to have acquired an aptitude for infelicitous choices, gladly embracing the Mesmerist fad, for example, despite his grandfather's reservations on the subject, and even joining the pro-Mesmer Société d'Harmonie. Perhaps to prove his mettle and his commitment to serious matters, Temple teamed up with the Marquis de Lafayette in the summer of 1779 (a fellow fan of Mesmer) to plan an invasion of Britain, but like many of Temple's plans, this one never came to pass.

Despite his grandson's insouciance, Benjamin continued to work on Temple's behalf, initiating him into his Masonic Loge des Neuf Soeurs and scheming, as he once had for William, to see Temple marry well. In 1781, Benjamin attempted to strike a match between Temple and Cunegonde, daughter of Franklin's beloved Mme Brillon. "Having almost lost my own daughter because of the wide distance between us," he wrote to Mme Brillon, "I hoped to find another one in you, and still another in your daughter, to take care of my old age." Citing Temple's Protestantism as an excuse, however, the Brillons rejected the union. In characteristic Franklin fashion, Temple rebounded by taking up with a married neighbor at Passy, Blanchette Caillot, with whom he had a natural son, Théodore.

Through his grandfather's influence in 1782 -- and over the opposition even of many of Benjamin's allies -- Temple landed the most important assignment of his career when he was appointed as Secretary to the Peace Commission. But rather than advancing his prospects, this appointment may actually have hindered them by piquing the jealousy and animosity of his rivals. It is likely that the failure of Benjamin's efforts to win a ministerial appointment for Temple in 1783 can be attributed to a combination of resentment over Benjamin's manipulation and Temple's personality, which everyone but Benjamin now considered disreputable. When Polly Stevenson visited Benjamin at Passy in 1784, even she was disimpressed with the man Temple had become, writing that he had become "so engaged in the pursuit of pleasure that he is not an amiable or respectable character."

Before their returning to the United States in 1785, Benjamin and Temple parlayed with William yet again in a half-hearted attempt to work out their differences. Although there was no reconciliation, William agreed (not entirely willingly) to aid his son by selling him his New Jersey and New York properties at a bargain price. When Benjamin died on April 17, 1790, Temple inherited his library and became his literary executor. Although this seemed to instill an enthusiasm in Temple over plans to publish his grandfather's works, once again things did not go as planned. Gathering the manuscript of the autobiography and some important correspondence that he intended to use to update it, Temple returned to England in 1792 only to find that a French translation of it had already appeared. He decided, however, to continue on with his project, working slowly to produce a more complete edition.

Reuniting with his father in 1792, still unmarried, Temple chafed under William's demands that he find a wife, and shortly after fathering another illegitimate child, Ellen, with the daughter of his father's second wife, Temple broke bitterly away and moved to Paris. Without his grandfather's guiding hand, Temple continued on the same aimless path. His three volume edition of the Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Benjamin Franklin did not appear until 1817. He lived the last six years of his life with his English mistress Hannah Collyer, whom he finally married a months before his death in 1823.

Scope and content

The William Temple Franklin Papers provides a richly detailed portrait of the life of the grandson of Benjamin Franklin, concentrated in letters received by Temple in the years that he served as his grandfather's aide in France, 1776-1785. Although much of the correspondence is perfunctory, during this period, Temple received regular reports from friends and diplomatic colleagues relaying information on the American Revolution, the course of diplomatic and peace negotiations, and French public opinion on Benjamin Franklin and the new United States.

The collection is equally valuable for providing insight into the personal lives of the Franklins, their sometimes contentious family life, indiscretions, and their intricate web of personal quarrels and alliances. The letters from Temple's father William and step-mother Elizabeth provide a glimpse into the stress Temple must have endured during his father's imprisonment during the summer of 1776, and Temple was in regular friendly contact with his aunt Sarah Bache Franklin and kinsman Jonathan Williams. There are also over 40 letters from Blanchette Caillot, Temple's mistress and mother of his son who died early.

Upon calendaring, the W. T. Franklin Papers were bound into volumes in roughly chronological order. Although the collection has been rearranged chronologically, we have retained the original volume and folio numbers for reference purposes.

Collection information

Provenance

Gift of Charles Pemberton Fox, 1840.

Preferred citation

Cite as: William Temple Franklin Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Recatalogued and encoded by rsc, April 2003.

Other finding aids

Most of the William Temple Franklin Papers are calendared in I. Minis Hays, Calendar of the Papers of Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 5 (Philadelphia: APS, 1908).

General physical description

4.75 linear feet

Related material

Several other collections at the APS relate to William Temple Franklin, including:

Bibliography

The Printed Materials Department also houses most of the works published or edited by William Temple Franklin, including: Franklin, William Temple, The Private Correspondence of Benjamin Franklin (London, 1817). Call no.: B F85f763. Franklin, William Temple, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Benjamin Franklin, 3 vols. (London, 1818). Call no.: B F85f77.See also: Franklin, Benjamin, Mémoires de la Vie Privée ... Écrits par lui Même et Adressés à Son Fils (Paris, 1791). Call no.: B F85f76.

Franklin, William Temple, Sketch of William Temple Franklin's services to the United-States of America (Philadelphia, 1789). Call no.: Broadside 973 C583 no.482.

Naval History Note

The William Temple Franklin Papers contain several letters which may be of interest to naval historians:

Barry, John, 1745-1803.
  1. Ross, John. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1780 October 2. Owing to adverse winds they have not been able to sail. A brig has just arrived from Philadelphia reporting the safe arrival of the Alliance. Captain Pierre Landais was put under arrest and the Alliance was to be offered to Captain John Barry. 2 pages. (CII, 119).
  2. Barclay, Thomas. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1783 March 22. Relating to prize-money claimed by the Alliance and Commodore John Paul Jones' squadron. 1 page. (CV, 36).
Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
  1. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1778 September 25. Tells of his letters to Dr. Franklin, Dr. [Edward] Bancroft, M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont, M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de Sartine, etc., and his efforts to get a command. If disappointed again will be obliged to return to America unemployed, as he cannot remain inactive. 3 pages. (CI, 62).
  2. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1778 October 13. Has written a letter to M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont which he requests William Temple Franklin to translate. Declares that his honor has received a public injury from M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de S[artine] and that it must be righted. 1 page. (CI, 69).
  3. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1778 October 28. Considers M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont's plan to buy a frigate or corvette to be commanded by him (Jones) would require too much time and negotiation. Has seen Mr. Joseph [P.] Whitall who is at Brest and who saw the Indian at Amsterdam, which could be armed and sail in two weeks. Declares M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de Sartine has wronged him. Hopes he will be given command of the Indian and that M. de Sartine will give him credentials and testimonials to justify him before Congress and his friends. Has many enemies, as no man in the Navy has pursued the same line of service as himself. 3 pages. (CI, 71).
  4. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1778 November 16. Requests him to explain a letter which he encloses. Has received another very kind from the Duke de la R[ochefoucauld]. Intends to leave for l'Orient shortly. 1 page. (CI, 77).
  5. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1780 November 11. Anxiety about his Excellency's health; has not yet received any papers or power to administer the oath of allegiance; advises that the public dispatches be sent as soon as possible. 1 page. (CII, 130).
  6. Jones, John Paul. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1784 May 31. Thinks it would be more consistent for him not to appear at Court, when the Act of Congress is presented authorizing him to accept the Order of Military Merit. 1 page. (CVI, 32).
Truxton, Thomas, 1755-1822.
  1. Franks, David Salisbury. Letter to William Temple Franklin. 1781 December 10. Fears that his prolonged stay, waiting for a vessel, will be very expensive to the Government at home. The number of people arrived with the Franch fleets of war have caused a scarcity of necessaries of life; prices are very high. The "St. James," Capt. [Thomas] Truxton, probably the first vessel which will sail for America about January 15. His situation very unpleasant and embarrassing. Was arrested the other day on suspicion of being a spy. 3 pages. (CIII, 149).
  2. Franklin, William Temple. Letter to Thomas Jefferson. 1785 July 20. Arrangements made with Captain Thomas Truxton. 3 pages. (B F86.15).

Early American History Note

This is a large collection of William Temple Franklin papers, most of which were written while he was serving alongside his grandfather in France as the secretary of the American mission there. The bulk of the collection is correspondence written to William Temple Franklin during the American Revolution. Franklin had a wide network of friends and associates, and this correspondence captures the range of dealings Franklin had in France. As secretary, he received intelligence, requests, reports of military actions, especially those pertaining to naval actions in the Atlantic, and various other communications. As a private individual, Franklin had relations with many merchants, traders, and land speculators and continued to cultivate these relationships while in Europe. The Collection also includes a diary kept in an almanac for much of 1785, catalogued separately in MOLE.

Combined with Benjamin Franklin’s Papers, the account books from the delegation, the Benjamin Franklin Bache Collection, and the John Adams Papers on microfilm, the APS has an extraordinarily strong record of the United States’ diplomacy during the American Revolution. Notable among the correspondents to William Temple Franklin is John Paul Jones, who was a regular correspondent to both William Temple and Benjamin Franklin.

The early portion of the collection contains a series of letters between William and Eliza Franklin and William Temple Franklin written before the American Revolution. The long letters touch upon William Temple’s education and on politics. The personal nature of the letters also provides insight into the family relations of the Franklin family during this very divisive period of the family’s history. Numerous letters from Sarah Franklin Bache and Benjamin Franklin Bache to William Temple can also be found in this collection.

This collection, along with the various other Fox Collections, chronicles William Temple Franklin’s career after the American Revolution, much of which was spent in Europe. William Temple Franklin inherited his grandfather’s papers, which he edited for publication, and later bequeathed to George Fox, whose family gifted them and William Temple Franklin’s papers to the APS.

Indexing Terms

Genre(s)

  • Business Records and Accounts
  • Diplomatic Material
  • Family Correspondence
  • General Correspondence
  • Political Correspondence

Geographic Name(s)

  • France--Foreign relations--United States
  • France--History--Louis XVI, 1774-1793
  • France--Social life and customs--18th century
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs--1783-1815
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--Social life and customs--Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States--Foreign relations--France
  • United States--History--1783-1815
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Peace
  • United States--Politics and government--1783-1815

Personal Name(s)

  • Adams, John, 1735-1826
  • Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798
  • Bache, Richard, 1737-1811
  • Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808
  • Barclay, Thomas, 1728-1793
  • Caffieri, Jean-Jacques, 1725-1792
  • Caillot, Blanchette
  • Carmichael, William, d. 1795
  • Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, 1725-1803
  • Deane, Silas, 1737-1789
  • Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789
  • Foulke, John, 1757-1796
  • Fox, George, 1759-1828
  • Fox, Joseph Mickle, 1757-1784
  • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
  • Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823
  • Franklin, William, 1731-1813
  • Grand, Henri Maximilien, 1757-1827
  • Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794
  • Houdon, Jean Antoine, 1741-1828
  • Jay, John, 1745-1829
  • Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
  • Jeffries, John, 1745-1819
  • Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792
  • Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788
  • La Rochefoucauld-d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792
  • Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834
  • Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800
  • Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800
  • Le Veillard, Louis Guillaume, 1733-1794
  • Lloyd, Richard Bennett
  • Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de, 1721-1794
  • Mayo, Joseph, d.1785
  • Mesmer, Franz Anton, 1734-1815
  • Morrelet, Abbé André, 1727-1819
  • Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809
  • Pyne, William
  • Ross, John, 1729-1800
  • Shaffer, John
  • Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785
  • Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835
  • Vaughan, John, 1756-1841
  • Warren, Winslow
  • Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815

Subject(s)

  • American Revolution
  • Americans Abroad
  • Balloons--Early works to 1800
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Diplomatic History
  • International Travel
  • Land and Speculation
  • Marriage and Family Life
  • Mesmerism
  • Military History


Detailed Inventory
Mss.B.F86 William Temple Franklin Papers
1775-17904.5 lin. feet
Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 May 29ALS, 2p.CI, 1

On his departure from London with Franklin for America. News of friends.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Woolford, Mrs. D..
to William Temple Franklin
1775 July 29ALS, 2p.CI, 2

Referring to the kind reception William Temple Franklin received from his father (Gov. William Franklin) on arriving in America.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Elphinston, James, 1721-1809.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 July 31ALS, 2p.CI, 3

Giving advice to William Temple Franklin; hopes he will return to England to complete his education.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Sept. 14ALS, 2p.CI, 4

Giving his son advice about his studies. Several references to his father, Benjamin Franklin.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, Elizabeth.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Sept. 25ALS, 2p.CI, 5

Sending items of news about friends and acquaintances. Tells of the Major's [?] marriage.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Oct. 9ALS, 3p.CI, 6

Inquiring about his son's studies, his health, etc. Advice about letter writing.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Oct. 26ALS, 2p.CI, 7

Refers to the dancing and fencing schools. Has a translation of Livy, but thinks his son should not use one.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Oct. 30ALS, 1p.CI, 8

Refers to a barrel of oysters Mrs. Franklin is sending to him. Wishes to know when his father is expected home.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, Elizabeth.
to William Temple Franklin
1775 Nov. 9ALS, 2p.CI, 9

Refers to articles of dress purchased for her Mrs. [Richard] Bache. Items of local news about mutual friends and acquaintances.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 Jan. 22ALS, 2p.CI, 10

Complains of the abuse he and his wife have been subjected to recently. Speaks of his difficult situation. The indignities he has received. Much concerned about his wife who has no relatives in this country; refers to slights she has received from his own relatives. Wants a copy of "Common Sense" [by Thomas Paine, Philadelphia, 1776].

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 Feb. 5ALS, 2p.CI, 11

Is surprised that all his friends did not hear of reports spread about him. Refers to money matters; tells his son to be economical, as he has little to give him. Wishes a copy of the 3d edition of "Common Sense."

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 March 14ALS, 2p.CI, 12

Is greatly concerned about his father's proposed journey to Canada. Thinks it ill-advised and dangerous. Requests his son to send him several political pamphelts. Advises him not to neglect his studies in Latin and French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 March 25ALS, 1p.CI, 13

Giving his son directions how to come to Amboy when he gets his holidays. Refers to money matters between him, his son and Mr. [Richard] Bache.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 May 8ALS, 3p.CI, 14

Reproves his son for spending his allowance too fast. Asks for certain numbers of the "[Pennsylvania] Evening Post" and "Pennsylvania Ledger."

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 May 22ALS, 1p.CI, 15

Encloses a due note to be given to Mr. [Richard] Bache for collection from Mr. Hooper.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 June 3ALS, 1p.CI, 16

Reproves his son for imprudent spending of his allowance. Is glad to hear of his father's safe return; would be glad to hear that he had resolved to quit all public business. Requests several copies of pamphlet "Strictures on Common Sense." [True Interest of America Impartially Stated, in certain Strictures, on a Pamphlet entitled Common Sense. By an American (Charles Inglis), Philadelphia, 1776.]

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 June 13ALS, 1p.CI, 17

Reproaches his son for not being more punctual in attending to his orders. Anxious to hear how his father is after his recent journey.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 June 25ALS, 1p.CI, 18

Has been ordered to set out, under guard, for Princeton. Was suffering from a high fever; his departure postponed for a day. Bids adieu to his son.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Davenport, Josiah Franklin, b. 1727.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 July 7ALS, 1p.CI, 19

Stoppage of the stage service. Cannot forward newspapers to Mrs. [Elizabeth] Franklin.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, Elizabeth.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 July 29ALS, 2p.CI, 20

Speaks of his approaching visit to her. Requests him to bring her some money from Mr. [Richard] Bache. Alludes to her troubles and fears.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, Elizabeth.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 Oct. 2ALS, 1p.CI, 21

Refers to his return to Philadelphia. Encloses two letters for friends in that city.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Franklin, Elizabeth.
to William Temple Franklin
1776 Oct. 11ALS, 2p.CI, 22

Is anxious to hear what is the advantageous offer made to him by his grandfather. Complains bitterly that her letters to her husband are not allowed to pass.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William, 1731-1813.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1776.ALS, 1p.CVII, 123

Will not go to Mr. [Joseph] Galloway's till Sunday. He can go there directly or go to Burlington.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1776.A. N. S. 1p.CVIII, 27

Advises him to see Chevalier de Ferrière's house at once and rent it, if it suits him. In French.

General physical description: A. N. S. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1777 June 17ALS, 1p.CI, 23

Wishes to pay Mrs. [Margaret] Stevenson £55 which he owes her. Requests him to attend to the transaction. Wishes three or four of Dr. Franklin's profiles which Mr. [Le Ray] de Chaumont has has made at his Fayence factory.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1777 June 29ALS, 1p.CI, 24

Requesting William Temple Franklin to execute a few private commissions for him in Paris.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1777 Aug. 6ALS, 1p.CI, 25

Had expected to see him and Doctor Franklin at Nantes. Inquires if the plan has been given up.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Jalouzet, -----.
to Benjamin Franklin
1777 August 17L.S. 3p.CI, 26

Chatillon. Wishes to know if he could obtain remunerative employment as physician and surgeon in the United States. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1777 Nov. 27ALS, 1p.CI, 27

With reference to draft for £55 payable to Mrs. [Margaret] Stevenson.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Izard, Ralph, 1742-1804.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Feb. 15AN in 3d person, 1p.CI, 28

Thanks him for news sent, but would have wished it had been confirmed by letters.

General physical description: AN in 3d person, 1p.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 March 3AN in 3d person, 1p.CI, 29

Requests a copy of the last general letter.

General physical description: AN in 3d person, 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 March 11ALS, 2p.CI, 30

An account of his journey from Paris. Met Mr. [John] Adams at Angoulê"me. Embargo placed on English vessels a great loss to the latter; French and neutral vessels now getting all the West India trade.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
to Jonathan Williams, [Jr.]
1778 March 14A. Dr. of L. 1p.CI, 31

Passy. Sends the two bills, with amendments. Does not think Americans will swallow them with eagerness; there is every appearance of an approaching war; thinks peace cannot last two weeks longer.

General physical description: A. Dr. of L. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 March 21ALS, 5p.CI, 32

Gives his opinion of the bills passed in England with regard to America. States what he considers the only terms acceptable to America.

General physical description: ALS, 5p.

Lee, William, 1739-1795.
to William Temple Franklin
[1778 March 25]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 144

Chaillot. Regrets that he has not seen him before setting out.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 April 8ALS, 2p.CI, 33

Will send a couple of rifles at first opportunity. The pistols are designed for use by cavalry and not fit for an affair of honor.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Bancroft, Edward, 1744-1821 .
to William Temple Franklin
[1778 April]ALS, 2p.CVII, 142

Encloses two accounts from Mr. [Silas] Deane's coachman; asks that these be discharged.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 6ALS, 3p.CI, 34

Thanks him for sending his thermometer and the Resolutions of Congress. Refers to the English Ministry's conduct towards Ireland. Trade with America and the West Indies not interrupted. Is learning Franch and attends the theatre.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Quétant, Antoine-François, 1733-1823.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 7ALS, 2p.CI, 35

Sends the English original of the "Conscious Lovers." Invites him to dine.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

La Rochefoucauld-d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, Duc de, 1743-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 8ALS, 2p.CI, 36

Thanks him for sending the Resolutions of Congress. Informs him of Capt. [John Paul] Jones's return to Brest after a brilliant cruise. Alludes to an expedition by Marquis de Lafayette. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Chabot, Augustus de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 13ALS, 1p.CI, 39

Many of the Genevese have British sympathies. A certain patriotic gentleman from Carolina, wishes to know him (Franklin). (In Latin.)

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Pratt, Mr., (Samuel Jackson), 1749-1814.
to William Temple Franklin
[1778 May 16]ALS, 2p.CVII, 143

Leaves Paris so suddenly because of a cheap opportunity of travelling. Will return in six weeks to pay his debts, requests that all creditors be told this. Leaves a letter for Captain [John Paul] Jones.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Quétant, Antoine-François, 1733-1823.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 17ALS, 2p.CI, 37

Sends his compliments and thanks for newspaper.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

d'Acheret, De Delauye.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 May 17ALS, 2p.CI, 38

Regrets that he was absent when William Temple Franklin paid a visit to his parents at La Cour Neuve. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Fevre, Lewis, ca. 1741-1796.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 July 3L.S. 1p.CI, 40a

Sending his respects and best wishes. Refers to Mrs. [Margaret] Stevenson, Mrs. [Mary] Hewson, etc.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Jauge, Théodore.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 July 4ALS, 3p.CI, 41

Tells of the loss of two of his vessels in American waters. Complains of the treachery of American pilots, secretly aiding the English. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794.
to William Temple Franklin
[1778] July 8ALS, 3p.CI, 42

Asking information about some Loan Office Certificates. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
to [Lewis] Fevre
1778 July 30A. Dr. of L. 1p.CI, 40b

Passy. Thanking him for his good wishes.

General physical description: A. Dr. of L. 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 1ALS, 3p.CI, 43

Has registered himself as an American. Tells of arrivals of French trading vessels. The people are anxious to hear about Comte d'Estaing and the fleet from Brest.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Smith, James, 1738-1812.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 14L. in 3d P. 2p.CI, 44

Asks him to procure a permit for his baggage detained at Calais. Complains of the delay and trouble he has had. (Copy.)

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 2p.

Smith, James, 1738-1812.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 16ALS, 3p.CI, 45

Complains of the discourtesy shown him by Dr. Franklin and of the latter's neglect of his duties.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Foucault, Jean Simon David de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 22ALS, 2p.CI, 46

Sends his best wishes for the success of the American armies. Invites him to visit them. His wife and he are learning to play chess. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Bondfield, John.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 23ALS, 2p.CI, 47

Invites William Temple Franklin to spend a month with him and see the vintage. Offers to send him a supply of claret.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Whitall, Joseph P.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 24Mem. 1p.CI, 48

Receipt for a package.

General physical description: Mem. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Aug. 24ALS, 1p.CI, 49

Encloses a letter from Capt. [Peter] Collas. Requests William Temple Franklin to buy him a pair of pistols.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Whitall, Joseph P.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1778. Aug..N. in 3d P. 1p.CVIII, 100

Offers to deliver a letter to Mr. Coxe on his way to Holland.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 2ALS, 1p.CI, 50

Requests that care be taken of the furniture, plate, etc., belonging to him at Passy until his return.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 3ALS, 2p.CI, 51

Made a public communication of good news received. Requests prompt reply from Dr. Franklin as to providing food and clothing for poor American sailors.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Foucault, Jean Simon David de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 5ALS, 3p.CI, 54

Comments on the good news received from America. Regrets that he cannot come on a visit and enjoy a wild boar hunt. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Jonathan Williams, Jr.
1778 September 6L. 2p.CI, 58

[London]. Inquiring about the case of Mr. [John] Boylston who offers to take the oath and give security before going to America.

General physical description: L. 2p.

Conway, Françoise-Antoinette-Jeanne Langlois du Bouchet, Comtesse de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 8ALS, 2p.CI, 52

Inquires about her husband's reported illness. Thinks the prospect very bright for the independence of America. Hopes to be at Philadelphia soon. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 8ALS, 1p.CI, 53

Inquires if Mr. [William] Blake, of [South] Carolina, has arrived in Paris and requests that particular attention and courtesy be shown to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 10ALS, 2p.CI, 55

Is leaving on a tour of inspection of military schools. Requests William Temple Franklin to send him any important news he may receive. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Conway, Françoise-Antoinette-Jeanne Langlois du Bouchet, Comtesse de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 16ALS, 1p.CI, 56

Inquires about the truth of the report of her husband's serious illness. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 17ALS, 1p.CI, 57

Enclosing a letter for Mr. [William] Blake.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 19ALS, 1p.CI, 59

Encloses a letter from Mr. [John] Vaughan and one for Capt. [Daniel] McNeill of the "Mifflin".

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 22A.L.S.CI, 60

Enclosing a letter for Capt. [Daniel] McNeill. Refers to Capt. [Peter] Collas and the return of the Brest fleet.

General physical description: A.L.S.

Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
to [Benjamin] Vaughan
1778 September 24A. Dr. of L. 1p.CI, 61

Passy. With reference to Mr. [John] Boylston's admission to America.

General physical description: A. Dr. of L. 1p.

Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 25ALS, 3p.CI, 62

Tells of his letters to Dr. Franklin, Dr. [Edward] Bancroft, M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont, M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de Sartine, etc., and his efforts to get a command. If disappointed again will be obliged to return to America unemployed, as he cannot remain inactive.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Conway, Françoise-Antoinette-Jeanne Langlois du Bouchet, Comtesse de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 25ALS, 1p.CI, 63

Inquiring about the report of her husband's duel with Col. [John] Cadwalader. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 26ALS, 2p.CI, 64

Learned of the taking of the "Fox" and the entry of the French fleet yesterday. The Marquis de Lafayette made a present of a snuff box with Dr. Franklin's portrait on it, to the young man who escorted her on board the American vessels here. Reports about Comte d'Estaing's fleet.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 29A.N.S. 1p.CI, 65

Enclosing a letter for Capt. [Daniel] McNeill.

General physical description: A.N.S. 1p.

Du Bouchet, Denis Jean Florimond Langlois, Marquis, 1752-1826.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Sept. 29ALS, 2p.CI, 66

Requests William Temple Franklin to forward a letter to Gen. [Johann] de Kalb then in Paris, and to send his sister and him any news received about Gen. [Thomas] Conway.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Deane, Simeon, b. 1750.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 2ALS, 1p.CI, 67

Has formed a partnership with a firm at Richmond as Adams, Deane and Co., and another at Baltimore as Smith, Harvey, Southall and Co. Requests him to mention their houses to European merchants making inquiry. (In duplicate.)

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 10ALS, 2p.CI, 68

Refers to a dispute between him and Mr. [John D.] Schweighauser of Nantes. Has heard reports of the capture of Rhode Island.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 13ALS, 1p.CI, 69

Has written a letter to M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont which he requests William Temple Franklin to translate. Declares that his honor has received a public injury from M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de S[artine] and that it must be righted.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Le Maire de Gimel, Jacques, b. 1749.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 15ALS, 2p.CI, 70

Sends correspondence relating to dispute with [Arthur] Lee. The latter after employing him has refused to reimburse his expenses. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 28ALS, 3p.CI, 71

Considers M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont's plan to buy a frigate or corvette to be commanded by him (Jones) would require too much time and negotiation. Has seen Mr. Joseph [P.] Whitall who is at Brest and who saw the "Indian" at Amsterdam, which could be armed and sail in two weeks. Declares M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de Sartine has wronged him. Hopes he will be given command of the "Indian" and that M. de Sartine will give him credentials and testimonials to justify him before Congress and his friends. Has many enemies, as no man in the Navy has pursued the same line of service as himself.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Le Maire de Gimel, Jacques, b. 1749.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Oct. 29ALS, 2p.CI, 72

Is in great difficulties for lack of funds. Hopes Dr. Franklin will help him if Mr. [Arthur] Lee will pay him nothing. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Court de Sorlut, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 1ALS, 1p.CI, 74

Was told Mr. [John] Williams, of London, was now in Paris. Asks for his address.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Negroni, Thomas.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 2ALS, 1p.CI, 73

Was ill and could not give his lessons. Hopes to see him on Thursday. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 11ALS, 3p.CI, 75

Distress of the wine merchants of Bordeaux caused by interruption of trade between the port and Great Britain and Ireland. Trade now partly carried on in Dutch vessels. Is a protection for French property. Requests him to obtain passes from Dr. Franklin for two such vessels bound for Englnd or Ireland.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 14ALS, 1p.CI, 76

Requests him to search for a package of invoices which he think he left at

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 16ALS, 1p.CI, 77

Requests him to explain a letter which he encloses. Has received another very kind from the Duke de la R[ochefoucauld]. Intends to leave for l'Orient shortly; thinks he is an eye-sore to the Marine at Brest.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Le Veillard, Mlle.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 23A.L. 2p.CI, 78

Alludes to a purse which she made and gave to him. Does not believe he lacks material for writing; though he may sometimes not find time to do so. In French.

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

Le Veillard, Louis Guillaume, 1733-1794.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 25ALS, 2P.CI, 79

Will return Dr. Franklin's letter corrected under cover to Mme. Brillon. Asks to be remembered to Mr. [John] Adams and the [Le Ray] de Chaumont family. (In French, English and Italian.)

General physical description: ALS, 2P.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 28ALS, 3p.CI, 80

Explains how trade is carried on, during hostilities, between Bordeaux and England and Ireland, in neutral vessels. Explains the reasons for asking passes for these vessels; withdraws his application for an American pass, it being no longer necessary.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, (James Le Ray), 1760-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Nov. 28ALS, 3p.CI, 81

Gives an account of a riding accident which happened to him, on the day of William Temple Franklin's departure, whilst coming home at night from Versailles. Alludes to a visit to his family made by Mme. Lloyd. Sends the "Courrier de I'Europe" newspapers; many conjectures made as to the object of William Temple Franklin's journey. Refers to [Jacques] Necker's financial reforms, etc. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to Jonathan Williams, Jr.
1778 December 5A.L. 1p.CI, 82

London. Sends a paper from Michael Lovell, partner of Thomas Oliver, and recommends their firm as a good west India house.

General physical description: A.L. 1p.

Waties, John.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 14ALS, 1p.CI, 83

Does not yet know when he will leave France, but is very desirous to be at home, having learned of a death in the family.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Johnson, Joshua, 1742-1802.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 15ALS, 1p.CI, 84

Looked carefully over the letters brought by the "General Washington." Is certain there is no other for him but the one forwarded.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Le Baron, -------.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 19ALS, 2p.CI, 85

With reference to a vessel claiming to hail from Boston which called at Dieppe. Thinks it was an English vessel. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Le Maire de Gimel, Jacques, b. 1749.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 19ALS, 1p.CI, 86

Is about to leave for Boston and Virginia on a vessel loaded with supplies ordered by the State of Virginia. Will take charge of any messages or despatches Dr. Franklin may wish to send.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 29ALS, 6p.CI, 87

Asks about the truth of the report that Mr. [Henry] Laurens is going to Europe on a mission to France or Spain. Has had enquiries from Mrs. Laurens about the matter, also from young Harry Laurens. Mentions reports about [Admirals John] Byron, [Aug.us] Keppel and [Comte] d'Estaing. Refers to his brother John at Bordeaux; hears that the embargo on Irish provisions has been taken off. Intends to write to Dr. Franklin soon on some electrical conceits. Dr. [Joseph] Priestley is publishing a new book on Philosophy. Is sending Dr. Franklin the controversy between him (Dr. Priestley) and Dr. [Richard] Price.

General physical description: ALS, 6p.

Jauge, Théodore.
to William Temple Franklin
[1778] December 30A.N.S. 1p.CVIII, 72

Sending four certificates to be signed by Dr. Franklin. In French.

General physical description: A.N.S. 1p.

Le Baron, -------.
to William Temple Franklin
1778 Dec. 30ALS, 2p.CI, 88

Requests him to speak to M. [Antoine Raymond Jean Gualbert Gabriel] de Sartine about a claim for transportation of passengers from Miquelon, on one of his (Le Baron's) vessels, which he sent to the Minister of Marine. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Jan. 8ALS, 2p.CI, 90

Has received the bust. Sends by Mr. Panchaud the "frauds of London" also Owen's and [Daniel] Paterson's books on the roads in England. Cannot raise any money here as the moneyed people will not take American security. Asks if it is possible to get a small supply of money in France. Mrs. Lloyd has given birth to another son.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Cabanis, P. J. G., (Pierre Jean Georges), 1757-1808.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779] January 16ALS, 1p.CVII, 93

Recommending a steward; messages from Madame Helvétius and himself. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Jan. 19A.L.S.CI, 92

Encloses a letter and paper from Vaughan and requests him to reply to the latter.

General physical description: A.L.S.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Jan. 21ALS, 1p.CI, 89

Has received a letter from [John Paul] " Jones," but cannot read or answer it without his cipher. Asks William Temple Franklin to send it to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Jan. 28ALS, 1p.CI, 93

Thanks him for the information about the "worst of villains." Implies that his reputation has been grievously injured by this person.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Waties, John.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 2ALS, 4p.CI, 94

Had inteded to leave for home before now; has since learned that Capt. [Alexander] Gillon and his officers, whom he had given up as lost, are safe and back in France. Came here as a whim to enter the Navy, but does not intend to make it a profession.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 2ALS, 4p.CI, 95

Sir James Norcliffe, Mr. Oliver's friend, has a brother in Burgoyne's army in Virginia and wishes to have him released; asks for Dr. Franklin's advice and assistance. Alludes to [Admirals Aug.us] Keppel and [Sir Hugh] Palliser and the latter's disgrace.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Fain, F..
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 9ALS, 2p.CI, 96

Requests him to pay his initiation fee to the Masonic Lodge of the Nine Sisters.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 16ALS, 1p.CI, 97

Requesting him to have enclosed bills of exchange accepted and returned to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 16ALS, 1p.CI, 98

Sending a few newspapers recently received from Philadelphia.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 18ALS, 1p.CI, 99

Enlcosing Loan Office bills to be accepted and returned to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 20ALS, 1p.CI, 100

Enclosing two bills on the Commissioners and on Dr. Franklin to be accepted and returned.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Feb. 23ALS, 3p.CI, 101

Will deliver Dr. Franklin's letter to David Hartley when the latter comes to town; the cartel for the American prisoners is under orders. Reports about the capture of Saint Lucia by the British under [Gen. James] Grant; blockade of the port by Comte d'Estaing.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Waties, John.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 March 14ALS, 1p.CI, 102

Introducing Capt. Robenson, of South Carolina. Unexpected events oblige him (Waties) to return home.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 March 16ALS, 2p.CI, 103

Inquires if it is probable that an Ensign in Burgoyne's army would be permitted to return to England to recover his health. Asks if it is true that Mr. [John] Adams has left Paris for America.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Adams, John, 1735-1826.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 March 24ALS, 1p.CI, 104

The Alliance will be ready to go to Nantes in eight days. Introduces Mr. [Nathan] Blodget.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 March 26A. N. in 3d P. 1p.CI, 105

Enclosing a letter to be copied. Invites him to dinner.

General physical description: A. N. in 3d P. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 March 30ALS, 2p.CI, 106

Explains a misunderstanding about some Loan Office bills sent by him for account of Mr. Cordis.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Hersaut, ------.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779 MarchALS, 2p.CVII, 141

Asking his protection to obtain a position. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 April 10ALS, 1p.CI, 107

His cousin [Jonathan Williams, 3d,] will arrive in Paris from l'Orient with Capt. [John Paul] Jones. Requests him to show him the sights of Paris.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Wharton, Joseph, 1734-1816.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 April 25ALS, 1p.CI, 108

Inquires if the "Alliance" will not return to Brest from Nantes to convoy the American vessels. Could then use Dr. Franklin's letter of introduction to Capt. [Pierre] Landais.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Moullaine, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 April 30ALS, 1p.CI, 109

Forwarding a letter for Dr. Franklin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, (James Le Ray), 1760-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 May 2ALS, 2p.CI, 110

Gives an account of his journey and the vessels he saw in port. Was on board the "Bon Homme Richard." Saw Lady Gransby [?] the renowned English beauty. Asks for news about Miss La Bahard and the Brillon family. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, 1725-1803 .
to William Temple Franklin
1779 MayALS, 3p.CVII, 166

The vessel is ready to start; the medallion of Dr. Franklin is on board, he hopes the English will not capture it; since he last wrote he made a little trip to Dinan, St. Malo, etc.; at Cancale he saw the two frigates burnt. The country is in a sad state, with its commerce ruined. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, III.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 June 3ALS, 4p.CI, 111

Is leaving for I'Orient and from there will embark for America. Asks William Temple Franklin to write him of his adventures with the "Nymphs of St. Honoré" and other little anecdotes and news of the day. Requests that some clothing he left at the hotel be forwarded to him.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 June 29ALS, 3p.CI, 112

Gives an extract of a letter from Capt. Green relating the capture of a convoy of British vessels and supplies bound from New York to Georgia by the "Warren," the "Queen of France" and "Ranger"; Mr. [William] Carmichael to come to France soon in the "Deane." Has also received a letter from La Corogne [Corunna], Spain, giving an account of an engagement between the American privateer "General Arnold" and an English privateer, in which the latter was sunk.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Gourlade, Jacques-Alexandre.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 June 29ALS, 1p.CI, 113

Received the case he forwarded and advised M. [Anne César] de la Luzerne; it could not be taken on board the frigate " Du Ploy la Sensible." Will ship it by the "Alliance" or some other vessel. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Wharton, Samuel, 1732-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 July 1N. in 3d P. 1p.CI, 114

Requesting a copy of the memorial concerning Vandalia.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Capitaine du Chesnoy, Michel, 1746-1804.
to William Temple Franklin
[ca. 1779] July 1ALS, 2p.CVIII, 88

Inquires if Marquis de Lafayette's "intendant" has paid what was due to William Temple Franklin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 July 15ALS, 3p.CI, 115

Has received word that his friends in America have collected a considerable sum of money for him and are prepared to honor his drafts. Asks advice as to how he should proceed in the matter. Met Mr. [Sir John] Temple the other evening, he came from Boston by way of Holland. (In duplicate.)

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 July 22N. in 3d P. 1p.CI, 116

Has heard from a Captain at Bordeaux, who left Hampton, Va., on May 22d, that he saw three of the enemies' ships of war lying at Norfolk but heard nothing of their exploits, as published in the London Gazette. Does not believe they have blocked up a single river.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 July 27ALS, 2p.CI, 117

Refers to his letter to Dr. Franklin about the escaped American prisoners who are in distress at Nantes. Took a particular interest in their cases to counteract the impression there that Dr. Franklin was a cruel, inhuman man, who wantonly left them suffer. S---- has since engaged to pay their landlady out of his own pocket.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 July 29ALS, 1p.CI, 118

Enclosing three Loan Office bills for acceptance. Has received a letter from America for John Adams.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Moullaine, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779 July]ALS, 1p.CVII, 162

Has heard that General [Aug.ine] Prevost has met the same fate as Burgoyne; if this should not be known at present, he will be discreet. (In french.)

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Bristol, Frederick Hervey, Earl of, 1730-1803.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779] August 4A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 157

Thanks him for getting him the lodgings.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Aug. 8ALS, 1p.CI, 119

Requests that a letter for Sweden which Dr. Franklin promised to write, be sent him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Aug. 9ALS, 1p.CI, 120

Advising him that the ball to be given by Mme. de Merville has been postponed.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Freemasons. Loge des neuf sœurs. (Paris, France).
to William Temple Franklin
[1779 August 16]L.S. 1p.CVII, 159

At a special meeting it was decided that the dedication of Dr. Franklin's bust should take place on the 18th, that the ceremony should not be too solemn, and that each member, whether present or absent, should be taxed 9 livres. Signed: L'Abbé du Rouzeau, Secretary.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Grand, Jean-François-Paul, 1752-1829.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779] August 20N. in 3d P. 1p.CVIII, 6

Requests to return a draft on the Commissioners payable to Van den Yver Frères and Co. In French.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779 August 22]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 151

Asks him to tell Madame Helvétius that "one coach full of Alexanders will wait on her Wednesday". The postponed St. Germain ball will be on Thursday.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Brillon de Jouy, Jacques, d. 1787.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779] Aug. 22A.L. in 3d P. 3p.CVII, 156

He will leave, Tuesday, with M. de Samlot, and he expects him to join them. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 3p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 1ALS, 1p.CI, 121

Heard of his return yesterday. Encloses a letter received from Holland for the Doctor's perusal.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Montbarey, Alexandre Marie Léonor de Saint Mauris, Prince de, 1732-1796.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 2L.S. 1p.CI, 122

Notifying him that the King had sanctioned Comte de Vergennes's proposition to allow him to embark at Havre with the French troops bound for England and wear the uniform of Aide-de-camp. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Court de Sorlut, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 8ALS, 3p.CI, 123

Is going to settle in business in Bordeaux and enter into partnership with a large exporting firm. Asks to be given the title of Consul for the United States; would perform the duties free.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 11ALS, 2p.CI, 124

Accounts have arrived in London that the French forces have taken Grenada and of an engagement between the French and British fleets. Asks for the address of Mr. [William] Caslon who brought a letter to London from William Temple Franklin.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 13ALS, 1p.CI, 125

Requests him to get as full particulars as possible at Versailles about the Grenada conquest, as Mr. [Alexander John] Alexander has property interests on that island.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Bache, Richard, 1737-1811.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 13ALS, 1p.CI, 126

Has received a memorandum of inquiry concerning Henry Dieudonné Drourat. Encloses a letter from him to his father. Chevalier de la Luzerne has not arrived yet, being on his way from Boston. Departure of M. [Conrad Alexandre] Gérard [de Rayneval] universally regretted. Mrs. Bache and himself miss him very much.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 14ALS, 2p.CI, 127

He may remain in Paris for some time yet; his presence not being required at Havre. Is himself going to a country seat near Havre. Alludes to the Empress of Russia's efforts to effect a reconciliation between the belligerents. The expedition against England is still being considered by the Ministry, but doubts if it will be decided upon.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 16ALS, 4p.CI, 128

Is anxiously awaiting the arrival of her father's bust; nothing could be more acceptable to her. Has had several letters recently from her brother, William Franklin; always inquires about his father and his son. Is sending a box of squirrel skins to William Temple Franklin by M. [Conrad Alexander] Gérard [de Rayneval]. Requests him to send her several articles which cannot be bought in America and a doll for her young daughter. Asks also that her father send her several household articles. Mentions the Duffield family, the Misses Clifton, etc.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 19 CVIII, 99

Begs him to accept a picture of Dr. Franklin which he has ordered.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 20ALS, 1p.CI, 129

With reference to some [Loan Office] bills.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept. 20ALS, 3p.CI, 130

Very difficult at present to procure, in America, even the most necessary articles of life and more so curiosities of any kind; tried to get some of the latter for his friends in Paris but without success; money depreciating and merchandise selling at enormous prices. Has heard that his son [Jesse Deane] was spending the holidays with him. Requests the latters to take care of the furniture he left at Passy. Their many enemies and villifiers; every packet brings most outrageous scandal about Dr. Franklin. Is preparing to leave America. Has not seen Mr. [John] Adams since his return; hears he is disgusted at Congress for not appointing him to some Court abroad.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Sept.A.N.S. 1p.CVIII, 22

Requests him to remind Dr. Franklin to write to England about [Capt. Gustavus] Conyngham who is in prison.

General physical description: A.N.S. 1p.

Saint-Aubin, Augustin, 1736-1807.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 1ALS, 2p.CI, 131

Requests William Temple Franklin to show his portrait of General Washington to the Marquis Lafayette and let him know the latter's opinion of it; as he wishes to put it on sale and send some copies to America. Hears that M. Lafayette is going to have a full size portrait of General Washington made. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 2ALS, 3p.CI, 132

Requests William Temple Franklin to buy him a watch in Paris. Has left Bordeaux, as he found he could not learn French well there. Is going to put lightning rods on a new house built by neighbor of his; asks a few particulars on the matter. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Torris, John.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 14ALS, 2p.CI, 133

Asking for two commissions for the privateers "Black Prince" and "Black Princess." Refers to reported capture of two cutters commanded by [Comte Sutton] de Clonard and de Roquefeuille, off the Lizard.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Breton, Alexandre.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 15ALS, 1p.CI, 134

Inquiring about a letter he sent for [Jonathan] Williams, [Jr.], of In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Montfort de Prat, Julius de, Comte.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 19ALS, 1p.CI, 135

Requests him to read his educational plan or program submitted to Dr. Franklin and give his opinion on the English translation of it. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 22ALS, 2p.CI, 136

Sends three letters to be forwarded to Chevalier de la Luzerne, Chevalier D'Anmours and Mr. [John] Bradford. Is uneasy about his baggage and effects which were to be sent him by the latter. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 26ALS, 3p.CI, 137

Requests him to induce Dr. Franklin to write to Congress about his brother who is serving in the United States. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Oct. 31ALS, 1p.CI, 138

Inviting him to dinner. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779 October]ALS, 1p.CVII, 164

Begs his interest in his affairs with de Colonia, their "Rapporteur."

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 1ALS, 4p.CI, 139

Came to France to learn the language and get experience in business. Now knows the language and proposes to go over to America and settle there before the war is over. Asks that his plan be submitted to Dr. Franklin for advice. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 1ALS, 1p.CI, 140

Asking William Temple Franklin to take care of his horse and dispose of him at the first opportunity.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 3A. N. S. 1p.CI, 141

Sending Jonathan William [Jr.]'s horse.

General physical description: A. N. S. 1p.

Montfort de Prat, Julius de, Comte.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 17ALS, 1p.CI, 142

Inquiring about the report of the taking of New York and the defeat of Gen. Prevost by Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 18ALS, 1p.CI, 143

Enclosing a letter for M. Suard. Inquires about the order from Congress for goods. Thinks [Le Ray] de Chaumont seems to prefer l'Orient to Nantes for shipping goods, but claims the latter port is more advantageous. Inquires about his new relations [the Alexander family] and [Thomas] Walpole.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Landais, Peter, 1731?-1820.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 22ALS, 1p.CI, 144

Is glad to hear Dr. Franklin is recovered. Will call on him Wednesday morning.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Capitaine du Chesnoy, Michel, 1746-1804.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Nov. 31ALS, 2p.CI, 145

Inquiring if his letters and some of his maps have been forwarded to the United States as requested. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Breton, Alexandre.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779 November]ALS, 1p.CVII, 170

Wishes to know if Mr. [Jonathan] Williams, [Jr.] has returned to In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Caslon, William, 1754-1833.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 7ALS, 3p.CI, 146

Requests him to send him several "rolls and pots of pomatum."

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 10ALS, 2p.CI, 147

Has learned that William Temple Franklin has been married to one of the Miss Alexanders. Offers his congratulations. Hears that Mr. [Jonathan] Williams, [Jr.], has married into the same family. Wishes to know which of the young ladies is now Mrs. Franklin and which one Mrs. Williams. Encloses a letter to be delivered to Mr. [William] Carmichael as soon as he arrives in Europe.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Holker, John, 1719-1786.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 11L.S. 2p.CI, 148

Has heard from Mr. [Jonathan] Williams, [Jr.] that he saw the Captain of the ship "Comité." Latter's account of Comte d'Estaing's movements unreliable. M. [Conrad Alexandre] Gérard [de Rayneval]'s arrival expected to any movement. Has received several letters from his son up to Sept. 18th containing no important news. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

Moëballe, Nicholas George.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 12L.S. 3p.CI, 149

Is seriously ill and without friends or money. Begs that Dr. Franklin send him a few louis until he can get a remittance from Holland.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Capitaine du Chesnoy, Michel, 1746-1804.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 17ALS, 2p.CI, 150

Asks for any news he has about Capt. [John Paul] Jones and Lieut. Col. [Antoine Félix] Wuibert. Will call on his return to Paris to make arrangements for the coming campaign. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Bezanger, ------.
to Benjamin Franklin
1779 Dec. 18L.S. 2P.CI, 152

Offers to supply wine. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 2P.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 18ALS, 1p.CI, 151

Enclosing bills on the Commissioners for acceptance. Inquires about the order for goods from Congress.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Digges, Thomas Attwood, 1742-1821.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 20ALS, 2p.CI, 153

He is sending him, by way of Amsterdam, a box containing maps ordered by him of counties and towns in England and Ireland.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 21ALS, 3p.CI, 154

Has heard from M. de Laneuville that some papers have arrived from America for Dr. Franklin. Asks if they contain any news of interest. Inquires about Gen. Washington's health. Is very anxious to hear from M. [Conrad Alexandre] Gérard [de Rayneval].

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 21ALS, 1p.CI, 155

Encloses bills on the Commissioners. Has heard nothing about the "Confederacy." Fears that she has met with the same fate as poor [Lambert] Wickes in the "Reprisal." Wishes to hear about Congress's orders for goods and his new relations' affairs.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 21L.S. 2P.CI, 156

Encloses for acceptance twenty-three Continental Loan Office notes drawn on Dr. Franklin. As Congress has ordered his accounts to be paid, hopes some plan will be adopted by Dr. Franklin for making a settlement; his advances having exposed him too much.

General physical description: L.S. 2P.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 22ALS, 2p.CI, 157

Thanking him for the news about his brother [Normiont de Laneuville] who is serving in the United States. Sent the letter and newspaper containing the article to Marquis Lafayette; has asked the latter to have the letter and article published in the European papers. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 25ALS, 1p.CI, 158

Enclosing bills on the Commissioners for acceptance. Requests him to reply for Dr. Franklin to his letters.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Moëballe, Nicholas George.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 29ALS, 1p.CI, 159

Thanks Dr. Franklin and William Temple Franklin for assisting him in need. Remits two louis in payment of the sum loaned to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Petrie, Samuel.
to William Temple Franklin
1779 Dec. 31ALS, 2p.CI, 160

Requests him to procure the release on parole of Geo. Taylor, Lieutenant of the British privateer "Chance," in prison at Bayonne; also of John Craig a passenger on the ship "Matty" of Glasgow.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Amezaga, Ignace d'Urtado, Marquis d', b. 1710.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779ALS, 1p.CVII, 171

There are many rumors here about Mr. d'Estaing. He will dine with Mr. Franklin on the 19th. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779]ALS, 1p.CVII, 134

Apologizes for not writing; has not forgotten all his kindnesses. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Boulainvilliers, Anne-Gabriel-Henri Bernard, Marquis de. Boulainvilliers, Marie Madeleine Adrienne d'Hallencourt Bernard, Marquise de.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 147

Invitation to the wedding of Madamoiselle de Boulainvillers and Le Vicomte de Clermont Tonnere. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Brown, ------.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779.ALS, 1p.CVII, 167

Thanks him for his letter, will call to see him at the first opportunity.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Brown, ------.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779.ALS, 1p.CVII, 168

Enclosing a letter to Dr. Franklin from Mr. Pollard, and an answer to the letter he dictated for him to the gentlemen at

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Cabanis, P. J. G., (Pierre Jean Georges), 1757-1808.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779ALS, 2p.CVIII, 25

Recommending a brave sailor who wishes to obtain a commission from the United States to fit out a privateer and cruise against the English. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Grand, Jean-François-Paul, 1752-1829.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779.ALS, 1p.CVII, 140

Encloses some drafts, bills and gazettes, if these are correct they are to be returned as soon as possible. Tomorrow is the last day for the payment of [John D.] Schweighauser's drafts. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779]N. in 3d P. 1p.CVIII, 95

Desires to see the Craftsman containing Mr. Braxton's letter.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Mouret, Prosper.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779.Mem. 1p.CVIII, 92

Wishes to go to the United States to engage in his trade as printer. In French.

General physical description: Mem. 1p.

Petrie, Samuel.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1779A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 152

Invites him to call on him.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Saint-Aubin, Augustin, 1736-1807.
to William Temple Franklin
[1779]ALS, 1p.CVII, 149

Would like Mr. [Jonathan] Williams, [Jr.] to recommend him to some one who would sell his prints on commission in America. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 1ALS, 3p.CII, 1

Having received a letter from his brother, he decides to remain abroad to wait the results of the West India operations. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin.
1780 Jan. 1ALS, 2p.CII, 2

Thanks him for his trouble about the horse; has sent some patterns for Dr. Franklin's inspection.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 5ALS, 1p.CII, 4

Invitation to a ball. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 8ALS, 2p.CII, 6

The opinion of Baron de Steding on the conduct of the American soldiers. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 8ALS, 1p.CII, 5

The ball has been postponed to Sunday. Asks for news of the arrival of Mr. J[ohn] Adams. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 January 8]ALS, 2p.CVII, 163

The ball was postponed on account of an epidemic of colds, called follette. Hopes Franklin can come. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 8ALS, 2p.CII, 7

Thanks him for all his trouble and for the condescending goodness of his grandfather; encloses fifteen louis for the watch, which has arrived safely.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Digges, Thomas Attwood, 1742-1821.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 10ALS, 2p.CIV, 4

In return for executing his commissions for maps, etc., asks for American news. Offers his services to Mr. [William] C[a]rm[ichae]l.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 10ALS, 1p.CII, 8

Requests the return of "sundry bills" to him at Nantes; expresses anxiety about the overdue "Confederacy"; no news of Mr. [John] Adams.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 11ALS, 1p.CII, 9

Accepts invitation for dinner and will go with him to the ball. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

de Fontenailles, M..
to William Temple Franklin
[1780] January 16N. in 3d P. 1p.CI, 91

Inquires from the War Office about the report of the death, at Boston, of M. Deshays De la Radière, an officer in the Royal Engineer corps of France. In French.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Prevon, -----.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 18ALS, 3p.CII, 10

Asks him to see that M. [Le Ray] de Chaumont pays the bill for the wood.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 18ALS, 2p.CII, 11

Enclosing a letter for Dr. Franklin, to be presented if proper.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to Benjamin Franklin
1780 January 18A.L.S. 2p.CII, 118

Nantes. Asking for a letter of introduction for his wife's grandfather, John Aitcheson, from M. d'Estaing to the Governor or to some principal person in the Island of Grenada.

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 22ALS, 1p.CII, 12

Requesting a blank privateer commission for Capt. Boardman of the schooner "Betsey," Walter Peter and Co., owners.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 24ALS, 1p.CII, 13

Owing to illness, the ball is postponed until the 31st; invites him to dinner on that date. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 25ALS, 2p.CII, 14

Considers the Resolve of Congress of Aug. 11, 1778, sufficient authority for the discharge of his claim against the United States; Captain [John] Green lost his vessel through the carelessness of his pilot; offers to take dispatches to America when he leaves with Captain [Thomas] Bell.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Allaire, Peter, b. ca. 1740.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 January 26A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 78

Wishes to know if Mr. [John] Jay is in Paris; confirmation of the news of the taking of the Martinique fleet; other naval news.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Jan. 28ALS, 1p.CII, 15

Requests some India rubber for a lady of his acquaintance; regrets that he cannot be with them on Monday. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 January]ALS, 2p.CVIII, 87

Enclosing letters with request that they be forwarded to America. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Montfort de Prat, Julius de, Comte.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 January-February]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 133

Asks for news; has received letters from Brest giving size of merchant fleet ready to sail. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 1ALS, 1p.CII, 16

An invitation to a ball and a dinner on the 7th; also an invitation from some ladies for the 6th. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Scott, George.
to Benjamin Franklin
1780 February 1ALS, 2p.CII, 17

Sends his servant for the pass; urges him to write to Dr. [John] P[ringle?] and tells how to send his letter so as to avoid its being opened in London, since ministerial writers are ready to abuse the Doctor.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 1ALS, 1p.CII, 18

Enclosing some bills to be accepted.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Scott, George.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 February 7]ALS, 1p.CVII, 172

Will not leave until next Friday; invites him to dine with him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 8ALS, 2p.CII, 19

Requests a commission or letter of marque for Captain [Samuel] Smith of the "Kensington."

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Scott, George.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 8ALS, 1p.CII, 20

An invitation to dinner.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 11ALS, 2p.CII, 21

An invitation to dinner from him and his father; they would also like to have Dr. Franklin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Jones, Ezra..
to William Temple Franklin
1780 February 11ALS, 1p.CII, 22

Enclosed sends a "Catalogue of Characters"; offers to be bearer of any commands for America; sails in the "Luzerne" for Philadelphia; announces the arrival of the "Captain Jones."

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Allaire, Peter, b. ca. 1740.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 14L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 23a

Asks for a pass to Brussels. A. E. by W[illiam] T[emple] F[ranklin]. Asks if Dr. Franklin will grant this request. By [Benjamin Franklin]. "No."

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
to [Peter] Allaire
[1780 February 15]A. Dr. of L.S. 1p.CII, 23b

His Grandfather does not choose to grant this request [for a pass to Brussels].

General physical description: A. Dr. of L.S. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 15ALS, 1p.CII, 24

The arrival of the "Confederacy" ; is anxious for news of Congress; arrangements in the ports of France.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 19ALS, 1p.CII, 25

Introduces William Brush from one of the northern states, and Mr. Wilkinson of South Carolina.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

J. Dubosi, Mlle.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 23ALS, 1p.CII, 26

Wishes to know if Madame Aves has written to him about the ring and pair of shoe buckles, she expected to send him from London. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 24ALS, 1p.CII, 27

Glad to know about the false report, that his uncle [John Williams] is in London; he is with him, and in proof sends a letter from him; begs that he destroy this report.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 24ALS, 2p.CII, 28

Requests that the malicious report that he is in London, be denied; he has not been there since Oct. 6th, 1778.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 26A. L. 1p.CII, 29

Sends a bill for acceptance.

General physical description: A. L. 1p.

Feutry, Aimé Ambroise Joseph, 1720-1789.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Feb. 27ALS, 2p.CII, 30

Dedicates to him the second edition of his "Choix d'Histoire" and the third of his "Robinson"; encloses; a "Bouts-rimés" for Mlle. de Chaumont. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 February]ALS, 1p.CVII, 137

Encloses bills for acceptance; William Temple Franklin writes that Captain [Samuel] Smith will get his command; wishes to know about Captain Boardman.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 2ALS, 1p.CII, 31

Asks the return of the letter from the Marquis Lafayette; thanks him for his zeal in pleading his cause; wishes to obtain the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel to prove to America that his country was pleased with his conduct. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lockyer, B.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 3ALS, 1p.CII, 32

Thanks him for his recommendation to the school, but decides to place his children near the sea-coast where they will have no opportunity of contracting the Parisian customs.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Caslon, William, 1754-1833.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 10ALS, 2p.CII, 33

Consigned to Messrs. Fizeaux and Grand ninety-six pounds of two line Pica Doric for his grandfather; disappointed he has not received the order for Voltaire's works; has delivered the box to Miss Shipley and sent a letter from her to Dr. Franklin; announces the birth of a daughter.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Holker, John, 1719-1786.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 10ALS, 1p.CII, 34

Asks for the return of the papers belonging to Messrs. Sabatie and Depononcy.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Girardot, -----.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 13L. in 3d P.CII, 35

Begs to know the first opportunity of sending to London some things which Madame has left. In French.

General physical description: L. in 3d P.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 14ALS, 2p.CII, 36

Encloses, for Dr. Franklin, a copy of the long budget of complaints against Mr. [Silas] Deane and others; denies the truth of these reports. Enclosure. Extract from the charges against Messrs. Deane, Hodge and Ross. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Girardot, -----.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780] March 15A.L. in 3d P.1p.CVII, 160

He will send to Mr. Carpenter, the package for Madame Hervey. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P.1p.

Petrie, Samuel.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 15ALS, 2p.CII, 37

Wishes to know if Dr. [Edward] Bancroft has returned and if he could convey a letter to Mr. [Arthur] Lee; invites him and Dr. Franklin to dinner to meet General Bieter and M. Ventades.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 23ALS, 1p.CII, 38

Enclose a bond for a commission for a vessel "owned by A. J. Dornan and fitted in Spain under the auspices of the French Consul at Vigo"; asks for the promised letter for Mr. [John] Aitcheson; has written to Mr. [Le Ray] de Chaumont whose reproaches are injurious.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 27ALS, 1p.CII, 39

Asks to have a certified copy made, at his expense, of his amount lodged with Dr. Franklin as he has sent his only duplicate copy by the "Marquis Lafayette."

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 March 29ALS, 3p.CII, 40

Sent some squirrel skins by Mr. [Conrad Alexandre] Gérard [de Rayneval]; disappointed at not receiving the bust [of Dr. Franklin]; acknowledges receipt of things from her father; sent to Miss Clifton, before leaving Philadelphia, her most valuable prossessions, among them his little black trunk; the defeat of the enemy at Trenton, made it safe for her to return; the trunk is safe; the Misses Sally and Betsy Duffield have just gone home; Miss [Margaret] Shippen is married to General [Benedict] Arnold.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 1ALS, 1p.CII, 41

Sends a small bill from Madrid for acceptance.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 2ALS, 3p.CII, 42

An invitation to dinner in the country and a request for passage on the "Alliance" to return to America to serve as a volunteer. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 5ALS, 2p.CII, 43

Thanks him for speaking to his father; begs him to write to Captain [John Paul] Jones, and to ask his Excellency for a letter stating that the King is pleased with his services. Declines an invitation to dinner. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Lloyd, Richard Bennett.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 7ALS, 2p.CII, 44

He and his family leave soon for America; reports relating to the armament going from Brest to Canada or New York; wishes to know if there is much danger, when he arrives at Sandy Hook, of being obliged to about-ship and go to Halifax or England.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 10ALS, 2p.CII, 45

The alliance proposed by the Empress of Russia for the protection of the commerce of neutral nations. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 12ALS, 2p.CII, 46

Sends an important package for [John] Holker. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 17ALS, 1p.CII, 47

Asks that Mr. [Francis] Hopkinson's things be sent by Captain [John Paul] Jones. Expects to embark soon under protection of the "Alliance"; offers his services to be useful in any way in America.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 19ALS, 2p.CII, 48

Asks that Dr. Franklin pay no attention to his last letter. Has obtained permission from M. [Jacques] Necker to transport the woolens, duty free.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Moëballe, Nicholas George.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 19ALS, 3p.CII, 49

About a Dutch vessel captured by Commodore [John Paul] Jones.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 20ALS, 2p.CII, 50

Wishes to know how much in French money is due him by Mr. [John] Bradford. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 21ALS, 2p.CII, 51

Asks for the return of his papers. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 25ALS, 2p.CII, 52

Sends enclosed a letter for Mr. [John Paul] Jones; gives his reasons for not returning to America; the impossibility of securing Mr. [John] Paul Jones for dinner. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Wharton, Joseph, 1734-1816.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 April 27ALS, 1p.CII, 53

Introduces his friend Dr. John Foulke.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 3ALS, 1p.CII, 54

Thanks him for his kindness in executing Mr. [Francis] Hopkinson's order. Encloses a sheet of his letter paper and tells how to order it.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 4ALS, 1p.CII, 55

Encloses a draft.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 6ALS, 1p.CII, 56

Wishes to know how the remainder of the clothing is to be shipped.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 9ALS, 2p.CII, 57

Still waiting for the letters for Mr. [John] Aitcheson; has been managing the European funds of the State of Maryland. Captain Samson of the "Mercury" packet arrived at Plymouth, New England, Feb. 14.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 10ALS, 2p.CII, 58

Begs that Dr. Franklin will make some plan for the purchase of the "Serapis." If Dr. Franklin can devise some plan by whichs to discharge what is due him by the United States, he will buy it. The vessels here are waiting for Captain [John Paul] Jones, to sail under his protection.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 15ALS, 1p.CII, 59

Encloses bills for acceptance.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 16L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 61

Encloses two bills for acceptance. In French.

General physical description: L. in 3d P. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 18ALS, 2p.CII, 60

Encloses several bills drawn by Mr. [Francis] Hopkinson on the Commissioners for acceptance. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 21ALS, 3p.CII, 62

The frigate "Bonne Voitiere" is blockaded and cannot reach Ranelagh to-day. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Genet, Edme Jacques, 1726-1781.
to Benjamin Franklin
1780 May 21ALS, 1p.CII, 63

He has given a translation to Comte de Vergennes; by order of the Minister he encloses a copy. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 23ALS, 1p.CII, 64

Encloses six notes for acceptance drawn by Mr. Fran[cis] Hopkinson on the Commissioners at Paris. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 27ALS, 1p.CII, 65

Encloses two notes for acceptance, drawn by Mr. F[rancis] Hopkinson on the Commissioners at Paris. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 29ALS, 1p.CII, 65 1/2

His father absolutely refuses to give him the means to go to America; if he could receive the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, he would secure the necessary funds; please renew his proposition to Mr. [John] Paul Jones. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

de Tott, Comte.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 May 30ALS, 1p.CII, 66

Wishes to know about the books he asked him to get from England.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Robeson, William.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 1ALS, 2p.CII, 67

Asks him to direct some person to secure his negro boy who may have strayed towards

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Robeson, William.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 3ALS, 1p.CII, 68

The loss of the negro boy has kept him in Paris, he leaves tonight for I'Orient; should the boy be found after his departure he is to be given to Mr. [John] Adams.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Regnier, -----.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 5ALS, 1p.CII, 69

Asks for the promised letters from Dr. Franklin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Nuttle, Samuel.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 June 6]ALS, 1p.CVII, 122

The enclosure is for his Excellency [Dr. Franklin]; asks his protection to obtain a command as Captain on a French merchantman. Wishes to know if Mr. [Samuel] Wharton, of Philadelphia, has left

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 6ALS, 1p.CII, 70

Asks that the certified copy of his account be sent by Mr. [John] Ross; wishes to know the truth of the rumor, that the French have been successful against [Admiral] Rodney.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Alexander, William, 1729-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 9A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 71

Leaves that night in the "Diligence," asks for the packets and offers to execute any commission "an inch short of high treason." Expects to be back [from England] within three weeks.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Tardy, Gabriel.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 15ALS, 1p.CII, 72

Encloses notes from Mr. F[ranci]s Hopkinson for acceptance.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 15ALS, 1p.CII, 73

Encloses a letter for Dr. Franklin.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Duvivier, Pierre-Simon-Benjamin, 1730-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 18ALS, 2p.CII, 74

Wishes the name to be put on the medals ordered by Dr. Franklin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 20ALS, 1p.CII, 75

Invitation to dinner. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Duvivier, Pierre-Simon-Benjamin, 1730-1819.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 20ALS, 1p.CII, 76

Did not know that the medals were to be of gold, so will bring them all in a short time. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Caslon, William, 1754-1833.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 20ALS, 3p.CII, 77

Regrets that he cannot procure the pamphlets; sends other books by Mr. [William] Alexander. He and Mr. [James] Woodmason had lost the order for Voltaire's works, consequently the proprietors will suffer great loss. Miss Shipley will send to Dr. Franklin her father's picture as soon as she finishes it. He met their old master [James] Elphinston who is very poor.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Mosny, -----.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 June 29ALS, 2p.CII, 79

Returns the fencing outfit after making the repairs. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Braxton, George Jr..
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 2ALS, 3p.CII, 81

Most anxious to reach America; finds all vessels are leaving from l'Orient, so will go there.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Sainte Marie, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 7ALS, 1p.CII, 80

Asks that the enclosed letter be forwarded to [George] Braxton, [Jr.]. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Grand, Jean-François-Paul, 1752-1829.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 8ALS, 2p.CII, 82

Request that he search again for the bills from [Joseph] Gardoqui [Son and Co.]. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Digges, Thomas Attwood, 1742-1821.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780] July 12ALS, 1p.CII, 83

Mr. Burk regrets that the package for Mrs. H-----y was seized by the Margate Custom House.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Braxton, George Jr..
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 16ALS, 4p.CII, 84

Regrets the pleasures of Paris. The "Alliance" has sailed with the fleet. He will leave shortly in a brig which came from Philadelphia.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 19ALS, 1p.CII, 85

Leaves in a few days on the "Duke of Leinster" under protection of Captain [John Paul] Jones of the "Ariel"; asks for commissions for America and news of little Benjamin [Franklin] Bache.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ingersoll, Jared.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 23A.L.S 1p.CII, 86

Asks that his library be forwarded to him; the French fleet arrived at Newport; Admiral [Samuel] Graves is at New York.

General physical description: A.L.S 1p.

Montague, Jean.
to Benjamin Franklin
1780 July 25A.L.S. 2p.CII, 87

Le Petit Oatelet. Begs his intercession with Captain [William] Robeson. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 27ALS, 3p.CII, 88

Hopes he has been able to complete the Doctor's accounts, gives news of the "Hermione's" encounter with the English off New York and of the capture of " Les Etats d'Artois."

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Nuttle, Samuel.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 July 31ALS, 2p.CII, 89

Havre de Grace. Asks that he obtain permission for him to enter the French merchant service.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Braxton, George Jr..
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 4ALS, 1p.CII, 90

Rejoices in having such a sincere friend; any commands he will execute.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 7ALS, 1p.CII, 91

Has been made a Lieutenant-Colonel; now most desirous of returning to America. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 8ALS, 1p.CII, 92

Announces the death of his cousin Jona[than] Williams; Mr. [Silas] Deane is with him and will leave for Paris in four or five days.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 14ALS, 2p.CII, 93

Mr. [Silas] Deane brings this letter and will give all the news; wishes to know Mr. [John] A[dam]s's business in Holland; please get his accounts from Mr. A[dams]. He draws on the Doctor [Franklin] for £1,520 14 s., which has been sent to Mrs. [Richard] Bache, this sum is to come from the Doctor's personal account.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 16ALS, 3p.CII, 94

The delay in the sailing of Captain [John Paul] Jones is due to Mr. [Le Ray] de Chaumont who will not pay the wages and prizemoney due the crew.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Trumbull, John, 1756-1843.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 17ALS, 1p.CII, 95

Having heard that a packet from New London was chased ashore at l'Orient and that the despatches were saved, asks that if there is a letter for him, it be sent in care of Mr. D-----.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 Before August 19]ALS, 1p.CVII, 131

He leaves Saturday for St. Florentin; offers to do any commissions.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 19ALS, 2p.CII, 96

His opinion of the morals of the married women of France.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 24ALS, 1p.CII, 97

Encloses certificates from Mr. [Francis] Hopkinson on the Commissioners. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 26ALS, 1p.CII, 98

Asks for the address of a banker, and invites him to visit him at St. Maudé. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 29ALS, 4p.CII, 99

Tells of his lack of success in making love.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 29ALS, 2p.CII, 100

Encloses a letter from Messrs. Harmar and Lewis of Philadelphia, concerning some bills. The "Cecil," belonging to Mr. DaCosta, which brought this letter, reports the success of the Americans against [Baron Wilhelm von] Knyphausen and the arrival of the French fleet. Asks his courtesy for Mrs. [William] Blake and her children of South Carolina.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Aug. 31ALS, 1p.CII, 101

Encloses a bill which has passed through several hands without the signature of Mr. [Francis] Hopkinson. Has heard of the great capture by the Spaniards.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

MacCreery, William.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 1ALS, 1p.CII, 102

Hastens to announces [Gen. Sir Henry] Clinton's defeat in Jersey by General Washington.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 8ALS, 3p.CII, 103

Arrival of American vessels with despatches. The American army is increasing rapidly. Gen. [Horatio] Gates, on his march to Carolina, had collected an army of three thousand before these vessels left. The crew and officers of the vessel detained here have not yet received their wages and prize-money from M. [Le Ray] de Ch[aumont]. His management a mere fizzle and deception.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 9ALS, 4p.CII, 104

Sees that one of the bills returned has already been paid, sends it back for Mr. [Ferdinand] Grand to see, so as to be able to trace the carelessness or roguery.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Le Veillard, Louis.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 14ALS, 1p.CII, 105

Returns a ticket for a ball. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Robeson, William.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 14ALS, 2p.CII, 106

Request that his portrait be sent to him by Captain Sampson.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Beauharnais, Claude, Comte de, b. 1717.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 September 15]ALS, 1p.CII, 108

Declines an invitation. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Perrochall, Madame ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 15ALS, 2p.CII, 107

Chateau du Thiel. Asking for a passport for Mr. Esdaile, a friend. A.E. by W[illiam] T[emple] F[ranklin]. The passport given.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 15A.L.S.CII, 109

A letter to show his knowledge of French. In French.

General physical description: A.L.S.

Searle, James, 1730-1797.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 16A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 110

Thanking him for the letters and declaring his intention of dining with Dr. Franklin the next day.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Mayo, Joseph, d.1785.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 18ALS, 1p.CII, 111

Encloses the letters to be forwarded to Mr. [George] Braxton, [Jr.].

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 20ALS, 2p.CII, 112

Capt. [John Paul] Jones has succeeded in getting wages due 45 seamen of the "B[on] H[omme] Richard" on board the " Ariel "; but no prize-money and nothing for those gone to America; Mr. [Samuel] Wharton explains the silence of Captain Jones in this matter is due to desire not to add to his grandfather's troubles.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Mayo, Joseph, d.1785.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780] Sept. 26A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 113

Requests that a room he secured for him; explains that he could not dine with the Doctor [Franklin] on account of his eyes; asks that the enclosed letters be forwarded to Mr. [George] Fox.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 26ALS, 4p.CII, 114

Thanks him for forwarding his packet from America; his letters contain no news of any importance. Wonders if Mr. [James] Searle has the necessary ability for his commission and what interest can Pennsylvania have separate from the other states. Gives and asks news of Various friends.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Braxton, George Jr. Grois.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 26ALS, 2p.CII, 115

Has set sail for America on the "Duke of Leinster"; hopes that Mr. [Joseph] Mayo may see the different amusements of Paris.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 28ALS, 2p.CII, 116

Introduces Mr. Moore and returns his accounts to have them signed, examined and approved by the Doctor [Franklin].

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Chaumont, Jacques-Donatien Leray de, (James Le Ray), 1760-1841.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Sept. 30ALS, 3p.CII, 117

Describes his life in the country. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de, 1721-1794.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 2A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 118

As requested sends three packages of seeds of plants unknown in America. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Ross, John, 1729-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 2ALS, 2p.CII, 119

Owing to adverse winds they have not been able to sail. A brig has just arrived from Philadelphia reporting the safe arrival of the "Alliance" [Capt. Pierre] Landais was put under arrest and the "Alliance" was to be offered to Captain [John] Barry.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Mayo, Joseph, d.1785.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 3.ALS, 1p.CII, 120

Thanks him for his trouble in enquiring about the lodgings; also for Mr. [George] Fox and Mr. [George] Braxton, [Jr.]'s letters. Accepts his invitation to breakfast.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Collins, Thomas.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 11ALS, 2p.CII, 121

Asking him not to bother about the passports.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Deane, Silas, 1737-1789.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780. Oct. 11]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 122

Monday Evening. Asks the address of Mr. [Joseph] Mayo and Dr. [John] Foulke and for Montieu's papers.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 12ALS, 4p.CII, 123

Promises to be more discreet since his letters are subject to examination; acknowledges a letter from [Joseph] Mayo; asks advice about dress; is desirous of hearing the news from America; encloses a letter for [John] Foulke; wishes to know [William] Robeson's plans.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Lavinier, -----.
to [Jean Baptiste] Le Roy
[1780] October 20A.L.S. 2p.CII, 124c

Paris. Advises him to choose an honest tinker and not to drive too close a bargain. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Vitel.
to [Jean Baptiste] Le Roy
1780 October 20A.L.S. 1p.CII, 124b

Gives the price of retinning. In French

General physical description: A.L.S. 1p.

Le Roy, Jean Baptiste, 1720-1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 21A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CII, 124a

Encloses the letters received about sauce pans; recommends Vitel; hopes Dr. Franklin's gout is better. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 24ALS, 3p.CII, 125

Wishes the correct news about Gen. [Horatio] Gates's defeat at Camden; the German newspapers are most uncomplimentary; if he receives an answer promptly, he will circulate the correct report. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 30ALS, 3p.CII, 126

Besides the squirrel skins sent by Mr. [Conrad Alexandre] Gérard [de Rayneval], eighty odd were sent in a sugar box; sent also a piece of American spun silk to her father; the nuts, apples,and cotton shall be sent shortly in a twenty-gun ship; supposes he has heard about [Benedict] Arnold; gives news of her children.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Fox, George, 1759-1828.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Oct. 31ALS, 3p.CII, 127

Great desire to know the true story of [Gen. Horatio] Gates's defeat. Wishes to know of any vessel sailing for his port as he has letters to send.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 2A.L. 2p.CII, 128

Thanking him for his letter and the extract from the Pennsylvania Gazette; when the information about Gen. [Horatio] Gates is received, he requests that it be sent to him as soon as possible. In French.

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

Dussaut, Chevalier.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 5ALS, 1p.CII, 129

Apologizes for not inquiring personally about his Excellency; would like to know when he will be able to see him. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 11ALS, 1p.CII, 130

Anxiety about his Excellency's health; has not yet received any papers or power to administer the oath of allegiance; advises that the public dispatches be sent as soon as possible.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Austin, Jonathan Loring, 1748-1826.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 11ALS, 1p.CII, 131

Request for a permit to ship arms and war-like stores on the "Mars."

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Bourcel, ------ de.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 14ALS, 1p.CII, 132

Request that the eleven letters of exchange be sent to him as soon as possible.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Grand, Rodolphe-Ferdinand, 1726-1794.
to William Temple Franklin
[1780 November 16]ALS, 1p.CII, 133

The answer to his letter was unfavorable; asks that Dr. Franklin write certain papers for him. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 16ALS, 1p.CII, 134

Asks that his accounts be examined and that he certifies that they are like the original in the possession of his Excellency [Dr. Franklin].

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

All, Isaac, d. 1789.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Nov. 20ALS, 1p.CII, 135

Thanks him for his letter; hopes his Excellency's health will be soon restored; has been ill himself but hopes soon to sail with Captain [John Paul] Jones.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 2ALS, 1p.CII, 136

Sends back the commission for Captain Boardman, requesting the bond to be destroyed; asks for a commission for Captain James Byrnes, enclosing a bond already signed.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Adams, John, 1735-1826.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 7L.S. 2p.CII, 137

Glad to hear of his Excellency's recovery; finds it exceedingly dull in the Capital of the reign of Mammon; request for news.

General physical description: L.S. 2p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 7ALS, 4p.CII, 138

Encloses a letter received from The Hague; hopes there is not reason for the anxiety expressed in it; requests to hear news received by the frigate "Amazone." In French.

General physical description: ALS, 4p.

Tyler, John Steele, d. 1813.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 10ALS, 1p.CII, 139

Has had a very disagreeable time. His friends, Trumble, remains in prison; requests that letters for them be sent to him.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 12ALS, 1p.CII, 140

Encloses notes drawn by F[rancis] Hopkinson for acceptance. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1780 Dec. 19ALS, 2p.CII, 141

An invitation to dinner. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Vaughan, John, 1756-1841.
to William Temple Franklin.
1780 Dec. 23ALS, 3p.CII, 142

The English are not permitted to enter Spain, where he is most anxious to go to perfect his Spanish, therefore he could only go as an American. If it is possible he would like Dr. Franklin to give him a certificate or passport.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to Benjamin Franklin Bache
[1780 Before December 25]L.S. 1p.CII, 144a

Geneva. Acknowledges receipt of letter with the prize; since the previous letters have not been ackowledged, he supposes they have not been received. He will enclose a copy of his last letter. (In French.)

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
to Benjamin Franklin Bache
[1780 Before December 25]L.S. 3p.CII, 144b

Advises his grandson to profit by the opportunities he has for improvement. Mr. [John] Adams and his sons are in Holland; encloses letters from Mr. and Mrs. [Richard] Bache. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 3p.

Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798.
to Mr. and Mrs. [Richard] Bache
1780 December 25A.L.S. 2p.CII, 143

Geneva. Wishes them a happy New Year; tells how much he enjoys it at Geneva; his pleasure in collecting butterflies. (In French.)

General physical description: A.L.S. 2p.

Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808.
to William Temple Franklin.
1780 Dec. 26ALS, 2p.CII, 145

Complains that she has not received any letters for a twelve month; gives news of the family.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin.
1780 Dec. 31A.L. 2p.CII, 146

Thanks him for his good news; the Emperor [Joseph II] is friendly to France; the English have declared war against Holland. In French.

General physical description: A.L. 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin.
1780 Dec. 31ALS, 3p.CII, 147

Sends all the certificates properly signed; he received the rank of Brigadier-General as a reward for his talents; requests that the papers be returned as soon as possible. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Laneuville, René-Hippolyte Penot Lombart de Noirmont de, 1750-1792.
to William Temple Franklin.
[1780 December]ALS, 1p.CVIII, 49

Inquires what was the value of a dollar in May, 1779; will send his American papers to be certified by Dr. Franklin; M. [Peter Charles] L'Enfant is about to leave. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Boulainvilliers, Marie Madeleine Adrienne d'Hallencourt Bernard, Marquise de.
to Benjamin Franklin
[1780]A.N.S. 1p.CVIII, 103

Recommending a lackey. In French.

General physical description: A.N.S. 1p.

Grand, Henri Maximilien, 1757-1827.
to William Temple Franklin.
ca.1780ALS, 1p.CVII, 125

Asks him to go with him to a ball where pretty women will be as thick as hops.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834.
to William Temple Franklin.
ca.1780.A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 150

Asks that the enclosed letters be given to Dr. Franklin to forward. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Rochon, Alexis, 1741-1817.
to William Temple Franklin.
ca.1780.A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 148

Sending twelve bottles of malmsey from Madeira. In French.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Wharton, ------ Jr..
to William Temple Franklin
[1780]A.L. in 3d P. 1p.CVII, 128

The long piece of writing for Mr. Wharton's father, which requires to be finished immediately, deprives him of the pleasure he should take in rendering Mr. Fevery service.

General physical description: A.L. in 3d P. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
ca.1780.ALS, 1p.CVII, 138

Enclosing bills for acceptance.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
[1781] January 4ALS, 2p.CII, 3

Encloses Loan Office bills of exchange for acceptance; the arrival of two Captains from Philadelphia at l'Orient and of a boat from Baltimore at Bordeaux. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 7ALS, 2p.CIII, 1

Thanking him and Dr. Franklin for the latter's letter of recommendation, which had a good effect on the Ministers at Versailles. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Granchez, D. P..
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 11ALS, 1p.CIII, 2

With reference to bronzing his buckels. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 16ALS, 1p.CIII, 3

Sending several drafts on Dr. Franklin for M. de Montaudouin. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Adams, John, 1735-1826.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 18ALS, 2p.CIII, 4

Thanks him for news about the situation in America. The hand bill a fabrication to frighten [Gen. Sir Henry] Clinton, [Gen. Lord] Cornwallis and [Gen. Alexander] Leslie. Is obliged to him for form of bill book and explanation as to how to use it. The States Generals have resolved to grant letters of marque. Alludes to the threatened coalition of European powers against England.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 20ALS, 1p.CIII, 5

Requests that a parcel of bills be delivered to M. [Ferdinand] Grand. Directions about shipment of his printing press.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 23L.S. 1p.CIII, 6

With reference to Harmar and Lewis's Loan Office Bills. Alludes to his wife's recent serious illness and to Le Ray de Chaumont's business failure. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 23ALS, 3p.CIII, 7

Refers to reports from The Hague and declaration of war by England against the Dutch Republic. Will have to go to Versailles to see the new Minister. Sends items of news received from Toulon about launching of new warships. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Laneuville, Louis Pierre Penot Lombart, Chevalier de, 1744-ca.1800.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Jan. 27ALS, 2p.CIII, 8

Invitation to an entertainment and dance at M. Dufay's. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Dana, Francis, 1743-1811.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 January-MarchN. in 3d P. 1p.CVIII, 93

Invitation to dinner.

General physical description: N. in 3d P. 1p.

Grand, Jean-François-Paul, 1752-1829.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 3ALS, 1p.CIII, 9

Requesting him to give the bearer information about trade in America. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 3L.S. 1p.CIII, 10

Sending drafts by [Francis] Hopkinson on Dr. Franklin. Alludes to his wife's critical illness. In French.

General physical description: L.S. 1p.

Bromfield, Henry, 1751-1837.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 5ALS, 1p.CIII, 11

Plan for equipping a vessel, for which Dr. Franklin had given a passport, had to be abandoned owing to insecurity of remaining in London. Passport had to be destroyed to avoid detection. Requests that the bond deposited with Dr. Franklin be cancelled.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 6ALS, 2p.CIII, 12

Has written to M. [Jacques] Necker; cannot unload his ship until he receives a reply. Cannot procure freight for Capt. [Joseph] Conkling's vessel, [the "Whim"] at Rochelle.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Latouche, ------.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 7ALS, 3p.CIII, 13

With reference to Jonathan Williams's accounts with Le Ray de Chaumont. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 3p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 10ALS, 1p.CIII, 15

Sending bills for acceptance.

General physical description: ALS, 1p.

Tardy, Gabriel.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 10ALS, 2p.CIII, 16

Is in I'Orient to attend to Jonathan Williams's interests in the loading of the ship "Marquis Lafayette." Sends bills by [Francis] Hopkinson on the Commissioners. In French.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 12A.N. 1p.CIII, 14

Sending copy of letter from M. de Fontenet about the Comtesse de Forbach's illness. In French.

General physical description: A.N. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 12ALS, 2p.CIII, 17

Giving directions about the shipment of his printing machine and refers to the case of a "poor fellow" he is interested in.

General physical description: ALS, 2p.

Kéralio, Agathon Guynement, Chevalier de, 1723-1788.
to Benjamin and William Temple Franklin
1781 February 13A.N. 1p.CIII, 18

Tells of condition of Comtesse de Forbach, who is ill. Inquires about reported desertions from General Washington's army. In French.

General physical description: A.N. 1p.

Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815.
to William Temple Franklin
1781 Feb. 15N. in 3d P. 1p.CIII, 19