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Abstract

Founded by the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences in 1890, the Biological Laboratory at Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., was little more than a languishing outpost until the arrival of Charles B. Davenport in 1898. Over the course of two decades, the ambitious young biologist used his extraordinary administrative skills to transform the institution into the premier center of eugenical study and, as its director, to position himself as the leading spokesman for eugenical research in North America.

The Davenport Papers (ca. 43 lin. feet) is a large and nearly comprehensive body of correspondence, lectures, diaries (1878-1942, mostly brief entries of an uneven character), student notebooks and family correspondence pertaining to Charles Davenport and the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. The collection is divided into two series, the Charles Davenport Papers, which provides valuable documentation of the development of American biology, animal and plant genetics, and eugenics during the period 1898-1942, with some perspective on the international eugenics movement. Series II, the Cold Spring Harbor Records (ca.20 lin. feet), consists largely of administrative correspondence relating to the laboratory, including Davenport's correspondence with Carnegie administrators (esp. Robert Woodward and John Merriam), accounts and reports concerning financial matters, publications, salaries, material relative to the early history of Cold Spring Harbor labs, and records relative to the numerous professional assistants who worked under Davenport.

Among the major correspondents are the American Breeders Association, Committee on Eugenics; American Eugenics Society; American Society of Naturalists; Committee on a Study of the American Negro; Galton Society (see also the extensive correspondence with William K. Gregory); Eugenics Education Society (see Mrs. S. Gotto correspondence); International Congresses of Eugenics; International Federation of Eugenic Organizations, Committee on Race Crossing; National Committee on Mental Hygiene; National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor; and the Pan-American Conference on Eugenics and Homiculture. There are correspondence and papers relating to the Station for Experimental Evolution, the Eugenics Record Office, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and a substantial series relating to a long-range study of children carried out at Letchworth Village, Thiles, New York.



Background note

Born in Brooklyn Heights, N.Y., one year after the end of the Civil War, Charles Davenport was raised under the stern and often distant eye of his father, Amzi Benedict Davenport, an elder in the Congregational Church, a former abolitionist and temperance man. Strict, even Puritanical, Amzi Davenport raised his son for a practical career, educating Charles at home until he was 13, and using him as his office boy. In contrast, Charles' mother, Jane Joralemon Dimon, was warm and affectionate, and encouraged Charles' youthful interest in the decidedly unpractical study of nature.

After graduating from Brookyln Polytechnic Institute, Charles accepted an eminently practical job as surveyor for nine months,largely to please his father. His interests, however, lay with the natural sciences, and determined to make a career for himself in science, he entered Harvard to study zoology. A superior and disciplined student, he spent his summers at the Marine Biological Station at Woods Hole and at Agassiz's Laboratory at Newport, R.I., continuing directly from study for his bachelor's degree onto his doctorate.

After receiving his PhD in 1892, Davenport was selected by the Department of Zoology to remain as instructor. Although his tenure was relatively brief, it was highly productive. Among his students were number of promising young scientists including E. B. Castle and Herbert Spencer Jennings, and gained an intimate familiarity with a range of quantitative and statistical techniques that provided a basis for his later work in biomety. Perhaps more importantly, he gained his first taste of scientific fame when he transformed the notes for the first course he taught at Harvard into a textbook, Experimental Morphology (N.Y., 1897, 1899) that was both well received and widely read. In 1904, he published an equally successful manual on quantitative methods in laboratory sciences, Statistical Methods with Special Reference to Biological Variation. Yet the most important thing to emerge from his Harvard days, professionally and personally, was his marriage in 1894 to Gertrude Crotty, a graduate student from Kansas who became his collaborator on a number of projects as his career took off.

In 1898, Davenport was appointed Director of the summer programs at Cold Spring Harbor, and in the following year he accepted a position on the faculty of the University of Chicago. Quickly rising to Assistant Professor (1901), Davenport hatched a number of schemes in Chicago with the intent to organize a laboratory devoted to the integration of physics, chemistry, and physiology into experimental evolutionary biology. His timing could not have been better: with the rediscovery of Mendel's theory of inheritance in 1900, he was poised to take advantage of a reinvigorated discipline, and although he was at first unconvinced by Mendelian theory, he recognized its value for coordinating research for the new laboratory. From early on, he was drawn particularly to applying genetic theory to the "betterment" of human populations. Seeing himself as building upon the work of Francis Galton, the man who had coined the word eugenics in 1883, Davenport explicitly sought to unveil the scientific basis for the inheritance of physical, mental, and moral characteristics in human populations with the goal of eventually breeding better humans.

Davenport's break was not long in coming. On a visit to London in 1902, he had met Galton and the pioneering biometrician, Karl Pearson, both of whom helped refine his plans for the Cold Spring Harbor laboratory, and who helped quicken his faith in Mendelian genetics. More importantly, in that same year, the establishment of the Carnegie Institution of Washington provided Davenport with a likely source for funding the state of the art genetics laboratory for which he longed. When his detailed plans for the lab were approved by Carnegie in 1904, he resigned from his position at Chicago and took up the reins at Cold Spring Harbor full time.

In 1910, Davenport approached Mrs. E. H. Harriman for funds to establish yet another link in the Cold Spring empire, the Eugenics Record Office. With the publication of his Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (New York, 1911) in the following year, Davenport's position at the apex of American eugenics was assured. Although his quantitative skills began increasingly to lag behind those of his peers, and although many of his publications were considered slapdash, he sat in the center of the most powerful research facility in the nation, and he was successful at nurturing younger scientists, incluidng G. H. Shull, Albert F. Blakeslee, and Milislav Demerec, among others. At the same time, his second in command in the Eugenics Record Office, H. H. Laughlin, became a spokesman for the programmatic side of the eugenics movement, lobbying for eugenic legislation to restrict immigration and sterilize "defectives," educating the public on eugenic health, and disseminating eugenic ideas widely. The Record Office formally came under the aegis of the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1918.

Davenport's 1929 work, Race Crossing in Jamaica (1929), coauthored with Morris Steggerda, represented the apogee of his influence. Based on anthropometric measures of body dimensions, skin color, and hair type, the study was vehemently attacked by geneticists for Davenport's simplistic attempts to link mental capacity and race and for his failure to account for environmental and cultural influences. In many ways, his career after 1929 is one of steady decline. Davenport remained at the helm in Cold Spring Harbor until his retirement in 1942, and died in 1944.

Scope and content

The Charles B. Davenport Papers contains the professional correspondence of one of America's best known eugenicists during the period 1915 to 1935. Documenting all phases of Davenport's life and career, the collection is an invaluable resource for study of the history of the eugenics movement in America, the history of genetics, biometrics, and evolutionary thought during the early 20th century, and the history of the Biological Laboratory, the Carnegie Institution Department of Genetics, and the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor.

The collection is divided into two series, each arranged alphabetically:

  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1878-1944 (43 linear feet)
  2. Series II. Cold Spring Harbor Series, 1899-1946 (20 linear feet)
    1. Administrative Correspondence, 1899-1939
    2. Records of Assistants, 1904-1946
    3. Photographs, 1900-1936
Collection information

Provenance

Gift of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1965.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Charles B. Davenport Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Other finding aids

The printed version of Bentley Glass' A Guide to the Genetics Collections of the American Philosophical Society contains a further description of the Davenport Papers and includes a detailed biography of Charles Davenport.

Separated material

Davenport's death mask has been removed for storage.

Related material

The Records of the Eugenics Record Office (Ms Coll 77) and the American Eugenics Society (575.06 Am3) complement the Davenport Papers. The APS contains the collections of a number of associates of Davenport's, including his former students H. S. Jennings (B J44) and Sewall Wright (Ms Coll 60), his successors at Cold Spring Harbor, Albert F. Blakeslee (B B585) and Milislav Demerec (B D394), and several of his contemporaries.

Bibliography

E. Carleton MacDowell, "Charles Benedict Davenport, 1866-1944: A study in conflicting influences," Bios 17 (1946), 3-50.

African American History Note

Of interest to researchers of African American history and culture will be Davenport's activities in the fields of genetics (especially eugenics), which are documented in his personal and professional correspondence and by his activities on such committees as the Committee on the Study of the American Negro.

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

Scholars of physiology, biochemistry, or biophysics may be interested in the following materials:

Series I. Charles B. Davenport Papers:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947 ( Includes correspondence regarding biochemistry; poultry genetics; Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole; Carnegie Institution of Washington; conferences; displaced German scholars.) Correspondence (5 folders (137 items))1898-1937English
Northrop, John Howard, 1891-1987Correspondence (4 items)1934-1935English

Series II. Cold Spring Harbor Series:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory of Quantitative Biology, New York ( Correspondence, reports, accounts, and other records relating to operation of the various laboratories at Cold Spring Harbor.) Records (20 linear feet)1899-1946English

Additional Biographical Notes:

The scientific path of Frank Rattray Lillie began around 1890 at the University of Chicago. Starting with descriptive morphology of cell lineage of the fresh water mussel, his research moved progressively toward an experimental, physiological, and biochemical approach to fertilization and differentiation. From 1910 to 1921 Lillie focused mainly on physiological studies of fertilization in sea urchins, work which culminated in his noted "fertilizin" theory. During that period he also began his studies of sexual differentiation in freemartins, research that led him to collaborate with biochemists and resulted in the isolation and chemical analyses of sex hormones. Under Lillie's leadership, sex research -- the physiological and biochemical studies of differentiation, development, and maturation -- became a major program at the University of Chicago.

Lillie was an ardent promoter of experimental biology and general physiology. His scientific success extended far beyond the laboratory. Under his directorship (1910-1935) the biology division at the University of Chicago flourished, and his fifty-five years of leadership at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole were crucial to that institution's development. Lillie was an influential figure in the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council, and helped shape the direction of the life sciences through his advisory role in the Carnegie and Rockefeller Foundations.

Genetics Note

This collection contains materials which relate to the history of genetics.

AuthorFormatDate
Adams, Charles ChristopherCorrespondence (77 items)1899-1932
Agassiz, AlexanderCorrespondence (8 items)1899-1908
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Committee on Bibliography of ScienceCorrespondence (69 items)1910-1923
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Darwin Anniversary CommitteeCorrespondence (8 folders)1907-1914
American Eugenics SocietyRecords (114 items)1925-1933, 1958
American Philosophical SocietyCorrespondence (164 items)1907-1932
Andrus, MargaretCorrespondence (109 items)1920-1925
Atkins, Charles D.Correspondence (287 items)1914-1924
Babcock, Ernest BrownCorrespondence (41 items)1913-1930
Bacon, Robert LowCorrespondence (50 items)1923-1933
Baker, Benjamin W.Correspondence (62 items)1921-1929
Balch, Francis NoyesCorrespondence (59 items)1897-1934
Banker, Howard J.Correspondence (125 items)1914-1950
Banta, Arthur M.Correspondence (370 items)1903-1946
Barker, Lewellys FranklinCorrespondence (73 items)1900-1933
Barrows, FlorenceCorrespondence (60 items)1927-1931
Bateson, William N.Correspondence (77 items)1904-1928
Bell, Alexander GrahamCorrespondence (162 items)1904-1929
Belling, JohnCorrespondence (40 items)1916-1940
Benedict, Francis GanoCorrespondence (114 items)1907-1933
Benedict, Ralph CurtissCorrespondence (90 items)1920-1932
Bernstein, FelixCorrespondence (27 items)1923-1938
Bigelow, Maurice AlpheusCorrespondence (50 items)1898-1929
Blakeslee, Albert FrancisCorrespondence (390 items)1900-1943
Boas, FranzCorrespondence (86 items)1899-1933
Bosanquet, Barbara S.Correspondence (130 items)1929-1932
Brown, Leland A.Correspondence (58 items)1919-1951
Bumpus, Hermon CareyCorrespondence (54 items)1891-1915
Byrnes, Esther F.Correspondence (83 items)1916-1940
Campbell, Clarence GordenCorrespondence (53 items)1927-1932
Cannon, Walter BradfordCorrespondence (45 items)1896-1934
Carnegie Institution of WashingtonRecords (85 folders)1909-1932
Carnegie Institution of Washington. Gilbert, Walter M.Correspondence (32 folders)1927-1939
Cartledge, J. LincolnCorrespondence (86 items)1919-1946
Castle, William ErnestCorrespondence (323 items)1893-1940
Cattell, James McKeenCorrespondence (366 items)1898-1931
Colby, Frank MooreCorrespondence (68 items)1900-1902
Cold Spring Harbor LaboratoryRecords (9 folders)1902-1940
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory -- BeginningsCorrespondence (49 items)1902-1904
Cold Spring Harbor. Station for Experimental EvolutionCorrespondence (3 folders)1911-1924
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Station for Experimental EvolutionRecords (16 folders)1904-1923
Cole, Leon JacobCorrespondence (66 items)1906-1929
Concilium BibliographicumCorrespondence (97 items)1904-1932
Conklin, Edwin GrantCorrespondence (284 items)1896-1931
Cook, Robert CarterCorrespondence (65 items)1922-1931
Cori, Carl J.Correspondence (22 items)1891-1930
Corner, George WashingtonCorrespondence (61 items)1919-1939
Cowdry, Edmund VincentCorrespondence (49 items)1926-1931
Crampton, Charles WardCorrespondence (100 items)1918-1933
Crampton, Henry EdwardCorrespondence (104 items)1904-1925
Danforth, Charles HaskellCorrespondence (58 items)1909-1942
Darwin, LeonardCorrespondence (148 items)1921-1937
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- AbstractsManuscripts (45 items)1923-1933
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- AutobiographyManuscripts (40 items)1916-1940
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Book reviewsManuscripts (44 items)1913-1944
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- DiariesDiaries (97 items)1878-1943
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Experimental Evolution LecturesManuscripts (2 folders)1902-1903
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Harvard DaysCorrespondence (33 items)1887-1939
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Harvard ResearchManuscripts (7 folders)1891-1892
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Heredity Lectures, Universtiy of ChicagoManuscripts (2 folders)1901
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- LecturesManuscripts (148 items)1902-1934
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- Scrapbook, 75th BirthdayScrapbooks (6 folders)1941
Davenport, Charles Benedict -- TwinsManuscripts (5 folders)n.d.
Davenport, Gertrude C.Correspondence (758 items)1893-1943
Davenport, William E.Correspondence (91 items)1883-1943
Davis, Bradley MooreCorrespondence (41 items)1904-1927
Davis, Nelson FithianCorrespondence (57 items)1890-1909
Day, Arthur LouisCorrespondence (62 items)1913-1921
DeForest, Henry W.Correspondence (3 folders)1907-1931
Demerec, MilislavCorrespondence (112 items)1921-1944
Dewey, JohnCorrespondence (7 items)1901-1917
Donaldson, Henry HerbertCorrespondence (118 items)1897-1929
Draper, John WilliamCorrespondence (88 items)1915-1931
Dunn, Leslie ClarenceCorrespondence (57 items)1919-1942
DuPont, A. F.Correspondence (41 items)1930-1933
Earle, Mabel L.Correspondence (18 folders)1914-1935
East, Edward MurrayCorrespondence (40 items)1905-1931
Eigenmann, Carl H.Correspondence (74 items)1891-1926
Emerson, Rollins AdamsCorrespondence (27 items)1907-1930
Estabrook, Arthur H.Correspondence (259 items)1911-1932
Eugenical NewsCorrespondence (30 folders)1916-1933
Eugenics and Genetics in CollegesManuscripts (6 folders)1919-1920
Eugenics Education Society (Great Britain)Correspondence (69 items)1923-1931
Eugenics Record OfficeRecords (43 folders)1910-1937
Eugenics Research AssociationRecords (10 folders)1914-1932
Fairchild, David G.Correspondence (61 items)1904-1929
Fischer, EugenCorrespondence (51 items)1908-1933
Fish, Harold D.Correspondence (150 items)1916-1932
Fisher, IrvingCorrespondence (462 items)1909-1933
Fisk, Eugene L.Correspondence (116 items)1914-1927
Forbes, Stephen AlfredCorrespondence (52 items)1895-1928
Frassetto, FabioCorrespondence (74 items)1919-1933
Frink, Lillian B.Correspondence (112 items)1930-1935
Gager, C. StuartCorrespondence (141 items)1907-1943
Galton SocietyCorrespondence (3 folders)1918-1927
Gates, Reginald RugglesCorrespondence (69 items)1909-1932
Gerould, John H.Correspondence (90 items)1894-1928
Gies, William J.Correspondence (119 items)1904-1927
Gilbert, Walter M. -- Carnegie Institution of WashingtonCorrespondence (321 items)1905-1926
Gini, CorradoCorrespondence (111 items)1923-1933
Glaser, OttoCorrespondence (45 items)1916-1920
Goddard, Henry H.Correspondence (148 items)1909-1921
Goethe, C. M.Correspondence (50 items)1924-1930
Goldschmidt, Richard BenedictCorrespondence (22 items)1914-1933
Goodale, Hubert DanaCorrespondence (86 items)1911-1933
Gortner, Ross AikenCorrespondence (96 items)1909-1941
Gotto, SybilCorrespondence (103 items)1910-1923
Gould, Charles W.Correspondence (47 items)1921-1931
Gould, Joseph F.Correspondence (48 items)1913-1916
Govaerts, Albert P.Correspondence (83 items)1921-1931
Grant, MadisonCorrespondence (247 items)1904-1933
Greenman, Milton J.Correspondence (71 items)1906-1932
Gregory, William K.Correspondence (560 items)1912-1933
Grier, Norman MacDowellCorrespondence (65 items)1914-1934
Harriman, Mrs. E. H.Correspondence (7 folders)1910-1932
Harrington, C. L.Correspondence (72 items)1906-1909
Harris, J. ArthurCorrespondence (370 items)1901-1930
Harris, Reginald G.Correspondence (60 items)1919-1923
Harrison, Ross G.Correspondence (247 items)1903-1933
Hays, Willet MartinCorrespondence (494 items)1902-1924
Hektoen, LudvigCorrespondence (158 items)1924-1932
Henshaw, SamuelCorrespondence (63 items)1896-1922
Herwerden, Marianne A. vanCorrespondence (86 items)1920-1934
Hoffman, Frederick L.Correspondence (104 items)1917-1933
Henry Holt and CompanyCorrespondence (6 folders)1909-1938
Hooper, Franklin W.Correspondence (113 items)1899-1914
Hooton, Earnest AlbertCorrespondence (59 items)1918-1935
Howard, Leland OssianCorrespondence (124 items)1899-1923
Hrdlicka, AlesCorrespondence (277 items)1906-1936
Hughes, Roscoe D.Correspondence (72 items)1929-1934
Hunt, Harrison R.Correspondence (125 items)1915-1940
International Congress of Eugenics. Third CongressRecords (12 folders)1930-1933
International Congress of Genetics. Sixth CongressRecords (10 folders)1928-1932
International Federation of Eugenics OrganizationsRecords (33 folders)1924-1936
Jelliffe, Smith ElyCorrespondence (136 items)1893-1936
Jenkins, George B.Correspondence (85 items)1912-1929
Jennings, Herbert SpencerCorrespondence (124 items)1897-1931
Johnson, Duncan S.Correspondence (77 items)1898-1932
Johnson, Roswell H.Correspondence (197 items)1897-1936
Johnstone, E. R.Correspondence (75 items)1909-1931
Jones, Donald F.Correspondence (3 folders)1919-1935
Jones, TownsendCorrespondence (61 items)1901-1915
Jordan, David S.Correspondence (124 items)1895-1926
Jordan, H. E.Correspondence (69 items)1906-1931
Just, GuntherCorrespondence (21 items)1921-1930
Kellogg, John HarveyCorrespondence (156 items)1912-1930
Kellogg, Vernon LymanCorrespondence (92 items)1895-1929
Key, Wilhelmine E.Correspondence (96 items)1901-1932
Kidder, Alfred VincentCorrespondence (57 items)1926-1933
Laanes, Alice GouldCorrespondence (72 items)1925-1946
Laughlin, Harry HamiltonCorrespondence (1,154 items)1907-1946
Lenz, FritzCorrespondence (27 items)1923-1931
Letchworth Village -- Humphreys, Edward J.Correspondence (342 items)1933-1941
Letchworth Village -- Little, Charles S.Correspondence (214 items)1913-1936
Lillie, Frank RattrayCorrespondence (137 items)1898-1937
Little, Clarence CookCorrespondence (321 items)1916-1934
Livingston, Burton E.Correspondence (52 items)1907-1930
Loeb, JacquesCorrespondence (13 items)1892-1919
Lundborg, Herman B.Correspondence (55 items)1913-1936
Lutz, Anna MaeCorrespondence (102 items)1904-1921
Lutz, Frank E.Correspondence (113 items)1901-1935
MacDougal, Daniel TremblyCorrespondence (187 items)1899-1930
MacDowell, E. CarletonCorrespondence (146 items)1909-1929
McGraw, Myrtle B.Correspondence (6 folders)1933-1936
Mark, Edward LaurensCorrespondence (236 items)1889-1943
Martz, Eugene W.Correspondence (157 items)1929-1933
Mayor, Alfred G.Correspondence (214 items)1895-1926
Merriam, John C.Correspondence (1,786 items)1918-1940
Metz, Charles W.Correspondence (491 items)1912-1936
Milles, Bess LloydCorrespondence (111 items)1923-1936
Mjoen, Jon AlfredCorrespondence (115 items)1916-1936
Morgan, Ann H.Correspondence (59 items)1915-1930
Morgan, Thomas HuntCorrespondence (279 items)1893-1931
Muller, Hermann JosephCorrespondence (22 items)1918-1932
Muncey, Elizabeth B.Correspondence (84 items)1911-1925
Murphy, Robert CushmanCorrespondence (71 items)1914-1936
National Academy of Sciences -- Candidates for ElectionRecords (3 folders)1916-1930
Nelson, Anna LouiseCorrespondence (106 items)1917-1929
Osborn, Frederick HenryCorrespondence (183 items)1928-1942
Osborn, Henry FairfieldCorrespondence (326 items)1902-1933
Parker, George HowardCorrespondence (99 items)1889-1935
Paton, StewartCorrespondence (83 items)1911-1931
Pearl, RaymondCorrespondence (239 items)1900-1934
Pearson, KarlCorrespondence (39 items)1899-1928
Ploetz, Alfred J.Correspondence (27 items)1916-1932
Popenoe, Paul B.Correspondence (121 items)1913-1940
Post, Richard H.Correspondence (232 items)1926-1938
Potter, Howard W.Correspondence (123 items)1921-1934
Pratt, Henry S.Correspondence (96 items)1893-1944
Przibram, HansCorrespondence (37 items)1907-1930
Rachmaninoff, SergeiCorrespondence (6 items)1922
Ramos, Domingo F.Correspondence (61 items)1922-1933
Rice, James E.Correspondence (129 items)1905-1916
Riddle, OscarCorrespondence (328 items)1909-1941
Roosevelt, TheodoreCorrespondence (7 items)1902-1913
Rosanoff, Aaron JoshuaCorrespondence (138 items)1910-1931
Roux, WilhelmCorrespondence (11 items)1895-1913
Rudin, ErnstCorrespondence (36 items)1910-1933
Shull, George HarrisonCorrespondence (561 items)1904-1956
Snyder, Lawrence H.Correspondence (101 items)1921-1936
Southard, Elmer ErnestCorrespondence (118 items)1909-1920
Stanton, Hazel M.Correspondence (101 items)1919-1934
Steggerda, MorrisCorrespondence (614 items)1925-1942
Stokes, William Earl DodgeCorrespondence (377 items)1910-1926
Streeter, George L.Correspondence (67 items)1919-1933
Swingle, Wilbur WillisCorrespondence (62 items)1921-1930
Terry, Robert J.Correspondence (62 items)1911-1930
Thorndike, Edward L.Correspondence (57 items)1901-1930
Todd, T. WingateCorrespondence (93 items)1922-1932
Tower, Ralph W.Correspondence (62 items)1904-1925
Tower, William L.Correspondence (108 items)1898-1917
Tschermak-Seysenegg, Erich vonCorrespondence (70 items)1904-1932
United States. Department of the Army. Office of the Surgeon GeneralRecords (5 folders)1907-1929
United States. White House Conference on Child Health and ProtectionRecords (9 folders)1929-1930
Vries, Hugo deCorrespondence (56 items)1904-1936
Walcott, Charles D.Correspondence (165 items)1903-1927
Ward, Henry B.Correspondence (204 items)1891-1940
Weeks, David FairchildCorrespondence (168 items)1910-1927
Whitman, Charles OtisCorrespondence (31 folders)1891-1916
Whitney, Leon FradleyCorrespondence (421 items)1922-1930
Wiggam, Albert EdwardCorrespondence (59 items)1919-1928
Wilder, Harris HawthorneCorrespondence (77 items)1901-1927
Wilson, Edmund BeecherCorrespondence (53 items)1897-1932
Wilson, Edwin BidwellCorrespondence (175 items)1914-1941
Wirt, John L.Correspondence (31 folders)1905-1929
Woods, Frederick A.Correspondence (65 items)1903-1939
Woodward, Robert S.Correspondence (1,228 items)1899-1923
Yerkes, Robert M.Correspondence (155 items)1899-1933

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • Bermuda Biological Station
  • Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences
  • Carnegie Institution of Washington. Department of Genetics
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
  • Eugenics Research Association
  • Letchworth Village
  • Nassau County Association.

Occupation(s)

  • Biologists.

Personal Name(s)

  • Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944
  • Harriman, Mrs.
  • Merriam, John C., (John Campbell), 1869-1945
  • Woodward, Robert

Subject(s)

  • Afro-Americans
  • American Eugenics Society
  • Biology
  • Biology, genetics, eugenics
  • Blacks.
  • Eugenics
  • Eugenics Record Office
  • Evolution
  • Genetics, Animal
  • Human genetics
  • Race, race relations, racism
Collection overview
1878-1944 43 linear feet Box 1-97

Incoming professional correspondence addressed to Charles Davenport as Director of the Biological Laboratory at Cold Spring Harbor, along with a small body of personal correspondence (with his wife), his diaries, and miscellaneous personal items. Several of correspondence are of great value for the examination of the early history of the eugenic movement in America and the

Among the correspondents, the letters of T.H. Morgan are large and particularly important, given the dearth of Morgan materials elsewhere. Davenport was in regular correspondence with a number of other geneticists, including Albert F. Blakeslee, L.C. Dunn, Raymond Pearl, and H.S. Jennings among many others.

Eugenics and the Eugenics Record Office, of course, are the major focus of much of Davenport's correspondence. The collection includes particularly insightful and voluminous correspondence with Leonard Darwin, H.H. Donaldson, H.H. Laughlin, A.H. Estabrook, Irving Fisher, Madison Grant, C.C. Little, Frederick Osborn, Paul Popenoe, Morris Steggerda, W.E.D. Stokes, and Leon Whitney, but many lesser known investigators are equally valuable. Davenport's broader scientific interests can be seen in his correspondence with the physical anthropologist Ales Hrdlicka, the Director of the American Museum of Natural History, Henry Fairfield Osborn, and G. H. Shull, who Davenport had chosen to head the Carnegie Institution Department of Genetics. In addition, there is a life mask, notebooks, some printed items, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington Cold Spring Harbor Genetic Experiment Station records. The following is a listing of papers, largely as kept and arranged by Mr. Davenport.

1899-1946 20 linear feet Box 98-136

Correspondence, reports, accounts, and other records relating to operation of the various laboratories at Cold Spring Harbor. Both subseries are arranged alphabetically

1899-1939 Box 98-106
B D27.1

Correspondence and documentation of Davenport's. Subseries A contains Davenport's correspondence with administrators of the Carnegie Institution of Washington regarding the operation of Cold Spring Harbor. The bulk is comprised of mundane correspondence, financial accounts, and reports. Correspondence with John Wirt, William Gilbert, and William Barnum deals with salaries and other financial matters and publications, and there is considerable correspondence with the presidents of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Robert Woodward and John Merriam. Perhaps the most generally useful material relates to Davenport's early efforts in creating the station at Cold Spring Harbor.]

1904-1946 Box 107-136
B D27.2

Records kept by Davenport at Cold Spring Harbor relative to his full-time and part-time professional assistants, including the maintenance staff. Materials include some correspondence, reports, accounts, research plans, and bibliographies.

Included in this subseries are records of the separate laboratories at Cold Spring Harbor, including the Station for Experimental Evolution and the Eugenics Record Office, as well as administrative records of the Department of Genetics.

Finally, there are some materials that do not relate directly to the Cold Spring Harbor laboratories, including some relating to professional organizations with which Davenport was affiliated, such as the Eugenics Research Association, the Eugenics Society of America, the Nassau County Association, and the National Committee for Mental Hygiene.

1900-1936 

A small collection of photographs, consisting primarily of formal portraits of Davenport.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Charles B. Davenport Papers
1878-1944 43 linear feet Box 1-97

Incoming professional correspondence addressed to Charles Davenport as Director of the Biological Laboratory at Cold Spring Harbor, along with a small body of personal correspondence (with his wife), his diaries, and miscellaneous personal items. Several of correspondence are of great value for the examination of the early history of the eugenic movement in America and the

Among the correspondents, the letters of T.H. Morgan are large and particularly important, given the dearth of Morgan materials elsewhere. Davenport was in regular correspondence with a number of other geneticists, including Albert F. Blakeslee, L.C. Dunn, Raymond Pearl, and H.S. Jennings among many others.

Eugenics and the Eugenics Record Office, of course, are the major focus of much of Davenport's correspondence. The collection includes particularly insightful and voluminous correspondence with Leonard Darwin, H.H. Donaldson, H.H. Laughlin, A.H. Estabrook, Irving Fisher, Madison Grant, C.C. Little, Frederick Osborn, Paul Popenoe, Morris Steggerda, W.E.D. Stokes, and Leon Whitney, but many lesser known investigators are equally valuable. Davenport's broader scientific interests can be seen in his correspondence with the physical anthropologist Ales Hrdlicka, the Director of the American Museum of Natural History, Henry Fairfield Osborn, and G. H. Shull, who Davenport had chosen to head the Carnegie Institution Department of Genetics. In addition, there is a life mask, notebooks, some printed items, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington Cold Spring Harbor Genetic Experiment Station records. The following is a listing of papers, largely as kept and arranged by Mr. Davenport.

Abbot, C. G.
1920 Feb. 4 - 1923 Apr. 16 36 items Box 1
Abbott, Ernest Hamlin
1925 Apr. 13 - May 1 3 items Box 1

About the "chestnut blight."

Abbott, Grace, 1878-1939
1927 June 21-23 2 items Box 1

Regarding neonatal mortality

Abbott, J. F.
1907 Jan. 3 - Oct. 11 7 items Box 1
Abbott, Lyman
1891 Feb. 10 - 1916 Mar. 13 2 items Box 1

About Lyman's biographical sketch on Davenport for the Eugenical News

Abderhalden, Emil
1929 Oct. 29 - 1933 Sept. 25 21 items Box 1

Some letters written in German.

Abe, Fumio
1909 June 16 - 1911 Apr. 18 6 items Box 1
Adams, Charles Christopher, 1873-1955
1899-1932 2 folders (77 items) Box 1

Subject(s): Biographical and personal data; Ecology; Publication; Research support; Teaching

Folder 1
1899 July 8 - 1909 July 30 36 items Box 1
Folder 2
1909 Dec. 23 - 1932 Nov. 1 41 items Box 1
Adams, Charles F.
1893 Feb. 16 1 item Box 1
Adams, George M.
1898 Oct. 22-25 2 items Box 1
Agar, Wilfred Eade, 1882-?
1919 Dec. 16 - 1926 July 13 3 items Box 1
Agassiz, Alexander
1899 May 21 - 1908 Apr. 30 9 items Box 1

Subject(s): Carnegie Institution of Washington; Harvard University

Agassiz, George R.
1912 Jan. 5 - 1921 Sept. 19 6 items Box 1

About a painting of "Dr. Mark" and Agassiz's resignation from Harvard.

Agassiz, R. L.
1919 May 12 - Aug. 25 7 items Box 1

About the "Agassiz endowment" and the purchase of a lot for the Academy.

Agersborg, H. P. K.
1932 Jan. 12-16 2 items Box 1

About chicken experimentation and the closing of Atlantic University.

Agricultural Education Association
1912 Apr. 3 22 items Box 1

Regarding the establishment of an "Agricultural Educational Association" on Long Island.

Air Raid Warning - Basic Training Course
1942 Mar. 10 - Dec. 21 6 items Box 1
Aldridge, Albert H.
1936 Feb. 7 - Mar. 28 2 items Box 1
Allan, William
1926 Oct. 22 - 1932 June 7 4 items Box 1
Allen, Bennet M.
1915 Mar. 3 - 1928 Sept. 29 7 items Box 1
Allen, C. E.
1929 July 17 - Nov. 20 5 items Box 1
Allen, E. J.
1902 May 21 1 item Box 1
Allen, Edgar
1925 Apr. 25 - Mar. 30 2 items Box 1
Allen, Glover Morrill, 1879-1942
1904 Aug. 23 - 1914 Nov. 13 10 items Box 1
Allen, Harrison, 1841-1897
1897 Sept. 5 1 item Box 1
Allen, J. A.
1898 Mar. 12 - 1903 Apr. 28 3 items Box 1
Allman, George J.
1891 Jan. 15 1 item Box 1
Amen, Harlan Page, 1853-1913
1896 Sept. 25 1 item Box 1
American (N.Y.), editor
1915 Sept. 4 1 item Box 1

Look under "New York American"

American Association for the Advancement of Science
1908 Dec. 1 - 1930 Oct. 2 17 items Box 1
American Breeder's Association
  Box 1
Folder 1
1903 Dec. 29 - 1909 Dec. 10 19 items Box 1
Folder 2
1910 May 18 - 1913 May 22 21 items Box 1
Columbia meeting
1912 Aug. 8 - 1913 Jan. 8 15 items Box 1
Committee on Eugenics
  2 folders Box 1
Folder 1
1909 Sept. 15 - 1912 Aug. 22 22 items (inc. 5 copies) Box 1
Folder 2
n.d. 18 items (inc. 2 copies) Box 1
American Committee to aid Russian scientists with scientific literature
1922 July 6-27 6 items Box 1
American Eugenics Society
  2 folders Box 1

Related material: See also materials in Series II.


Subject(s): American Eugenics Society; Behavioral genetics, IQ; Bibliographical matters; Committee activities; Eugenics; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1925 Dec. 2 - 1927 Jan. 3 10 items (inc. 4 copies) Box 1
Folder 2
1928 Jan. 25 - 1933 Apr. 28 22 items (inc. 3 copies) Box 1
American Express Company
1903 Jan. 14 - Feb. 7 3 items Box 1

Regarding Mrs. Davenport's missing doll claim.

American Foundation for Prehistoric Study in France
1921 Jan. 4 - Oct. 5 5 items Box 1

Foundation plans.

American Journal of Physiology
1907 Nov. 29 - 1912 Oct. 12 3 items Box 1

Financial matters

American Museum of Natural History
1904 Sept. 16 - 1931 June 8 16 items Box 1
American Otological Society
1939 Jan. 13-16 4 items Box 1

Research Fund treasurer's report

American Philosophical Society
1907-1932 6 folders (164 items) Box 2

Subject(s): American Philosophical Society; Conferences and symposia; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1907 Apr. 22 - 1920 Jan. 14 36 items Box 2
Folder 2
1921 Jan. 29 - 1928 Nov. 36 items Box 2
Folder 3
1929 Jan. - Dec. 19 items Box 2
Folder 4
1930 Jan. 7 - Dec. 20 items Box 2
Folder 5
1931 Jan. 5 - Dec. 17 28 items Box 2
Folder 6
1932 Jan. 21 - Apr. 12 25 items Box 2
American Social Hygiene Association
1919 Aug. 15 - 1929 Oct. 21 23 items (inc. 1 copy) Box 2

Mentions of assorted eugenics essays that Davenport has reviewed

American Society of Naturalists
  5 folders Box 2
Folder 1
1889 Nov. - 1900 Oct. 24 16 items Box 2
Folder 2
1900 Nov. 8-28 23 items Box 2
Folder 3
1900 Dec. 1-9 22 items Box 2
Folder 4
1900 Dec. 10-21 26 items Box 2
Folder 5
1901 Jan. 2 - 1931 Dec. 31 26 items Box 2
American Society of Zoologists
1907 Mar. 8 - 1930 Mar. 17 6 items Box 2

About membership and a new campus dedication at UCLA.

Ames, Charles E.
1936 May 8 - 1940 July 23 4 items Box 2

Regarding a "water main."

Andersen, I. M.
1933 Apr. 20-24 3 items Box 2
Anderson,Walter Sewell, 1867-?
1915 Nov. 12 - 1932 Sept. 13 20 items Box 2
Andresen, M. S.
1932 Aug. 22 1 item Box 2
Andrews, Clement Walker, 1858-1930
1901 Feb. 21 - 1926 Oct. 27 44 items Box 2

Regarding decimal classification of botanical literature, election to a committee on scientific bibliography, and importing books from Germany.

Andrews, E. A.
1895 Mar. 14 - 1928 July 27 items Box 2
Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949
  3 folders Box 2

About establishing an international eugenics organization.

Folder 1
1902 July 18 - 1919 Nov. 15 12 items Box 2
Folder 2
1920 Feb. 27 - 1920 June 24 22 items Box 2
Folder 3
1921 Feb. 21 - 1929 July 22 11 items (inc. 3 copies) Box 2
Apert, Eugene Charles, 1868-?
1920 Dec. 13 - 1928 Aug. 17 5 items Box 2
D. Appleton & Co.
1910 Apr. 4 - 1924 Nov. 1 25 items Box 2

Davenport's reviews of various writings on eugenics, heredity, and related topics.

Ardill, G. E.
1914 Sept. 24 1 item Box 2

"Regarding the ex-Convict..."

Arey, L. B.
1928 Jan. 11 - 1930 Apr. 22 22 items Box 2

About Davenport's election as president of The American Society of Zoologists.

Arkell, Thomas Reginald, 1887-?
1913 May 6 - 1921 Nov. 20 10 items Box 2
Armstrong, D. B.
1933 June 2 1 item Box 2

About a "wide dispersal of goiter in the valleys of West Virginia and western Maryland..."

Arrowood, Herschel
1908 Oct. 10 - Nov. 20 3 items Box 2
Arthur, J. C.
1904 May 27 - 1928 Apr. 27 8 items Box 2
Ash trees
  Box 2
Ashmead, William H.
1904 May 5 1 item Box 2
Aspinwall, D. J.
1907 Sept. 14 1 item Box 2
Association of Biological Research Stations
1909 Dec. 11 - 1910 Jan. 7 4 items Box 2

Meeting address to members.

Atkins, Charles D., 1876-?
1914-1924 10 folders (287 items) Box 2-3

Regarding business matters of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences.


Subject(s): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Folder 1
1914 Oct. 24 - 1915 Mar. 30 23 items Box 2
Folder 2
1915 Apr. 1 - Oct. 7 24 items Box 2
Folder 3
1915 Nov. 5 - 1916 Apr. 13 30 items Box 2
Folder 4
1916 May 12 - Dec. 27 24 items Box 2
Folder 5
1917 Jan. 1 - Mar. 28 35 items Box 2
Folder 6
1917 Apr. 3 - July 30 28 items Box 3
Folder 7
1917 Aug. 4 - 1918 July 27 32 items Box 3
Folder 8
1919 Jan. 15 - May 17 Box 3
Folder 9
1919 July 2 - 1920 Nov. 26 26 items Box 3
Folder 10
1921 Feb. 25 - 1924 May 23 36 items Box 3
Atkinson, Fred W.
1925 Mar. 23-26 3 items Box 3

About Atkinson's resignation as president of the Polytechnic Institute.

Atlantic Transport Line
1927 Apr. 20 - 1929 Aug. 23 5 items Box 3
Audibert, F. C.
1892 Oct. 7 1 item Box 3
Austin, Lloyd
1925 Mar. 7 - Sept. 15 5 items Box 3
Australia meeting
1914 Apr. 14 - July 23 26 items Box 3

Travel plans for a trip to New Zealand to deliver a lecture.

Automobile insurance, etc.
1920 Dec. 1 - 1937 Mar. 15 5 items Box 3
Awards & Certificates 1 of 2
  Box 3

Separated material: Removed to Oversized box.

Awards & Certificates 2 of 2
  Box 3

Separated material: Removed to Oversized box.

Babbott, Frank L.
1923 Feb. 15 - 1928 June 19 17 items Box 3
Babcock, Ernest B.
1913 Dec. 2 - 1930 Apr. 15 41 items Box 3

Subject(s): Belling, John; Eugenics; Genetics of plants -- Crepis; International Congress of Genetics; Metz, Charles W.; Political issues

Bache, Rene
1904 (5?) Mar. 23 1 item Box 3
Bachmetjew, P.
1907 - 1909 Feb. 18 7 items Box 3
Bacon, Robert Low, 1884-1938
1923-1933 2 folders (50 items) Box 3

Subject(s): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Political issues -- Immigration; Political issues -- Pollution

Folder 1
1923 Dec. 26 - 1925 Mar. 16 24 items Box 3
Folder 2
1925 June 3 - 1933 May 16 26 items Box 3
Badger, Richard G.
1932 Apr. 7 1 item Box 3

Publishing offer from Badger to Davenport.

Baetjer, Anna M., 1899-
1928 Oct. 1-13 6 items Box 3
Bagg, Halsey Joseph, 1889-?
  2 folders Box 3
Folder 1
1920 Apr. 7 - 1923 June 1 28 items Box 3
Folder 2
1923 June 2 - 1933 Sept. 14 25 items Box 3
Bailey, Forrest
1925 May 29 - 1927 Apr. 23 16 items Box 3
Bailey, Harold
1920 Jan. 31 - Feb. 2 2 items Box 3
Bailey, L. H. (Liberty Hyde)
1906 Dec. 13 - 1915 July 31 15 items Box 3
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887
1885 May 16 1 item Box 3
Baker, Benjamin W.
1921-1929 3 folders (62 items) Box 3

Subject(s): Eugenics; Human genetics; Political issues -- Sterilization; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1921 Apr. 16 - 1923 Apr. 20 16 items Box 3
Folder 2
1923 June 2 - 1924 Nov. 21 22 items Box 3
Folder 3
1924 Nov. 21 - 1929 Jan. 16 24 items Box 3
Baker, Charles Fuller, 1872-1927
1915 Nov. 30 1 item Box 3
Baker, Frank Collins, 1867-1942
1909 Aug. 12 - 1911 Jan. 4 6 items Box 3

About Davenport's offer to donate his extra "Jungle cocks" to the National Zoological Park.

Balch, Charles A.
1913 Apr. 11 - 1913 May 16 7 items Box 3
Balch, Francis Noyes, 1873-?
1897-1934 3 folders (59 items) Box 3

Subject(s): Behavioral genetics, IQ; Biographical and personal data; Evolution; Zoology

Folder 1
1897 July 18 - 1902 July 8 22 items Box 3
Folder 2
1903 Apr. 7 - 1909 Dec. 11 17 items Box 3
Folder 3
1910 Mar. 25 - 1934 June 11 20 items Box 3
Baldwin, J. Mark
1901 Mar. 21 2 items Box 3
Ballard, H. H.
1881 June 24 1 postcard Box 3
Ballard, W. L.
1933 Sept. 12 - 1935 Dec. 27 6 items Box 3
Bancroft, Frank Watts, 1871-?
1898 June 29 - 1901 Dec. 25 5 items Box 3
Banks, Charles E.
1921 Feb. 14 - Aug. 27 5 items Box 3
Barber, Harry G.
1898 June 30 - 1901 June 18 6 items Box 3
Barbour, Thomas, 1884-1946
1933 May 11 - Nov. 6 4 items Box 3
Barker, Lewellys Franklin, 1867-1943
  3 folders (73 items) Box 3

Subject(s): Eugenics; Human genetics; National Research Council; Political issues; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1900 May 26 - 1923 Sept. 26 30 items Box 3
Folder 2
1924 Mar. 21 - 1925 June 10 19 items Box 3
Folder 3
1926 Sept. 10 - 1933 Sept. 11 24 items Box 3
Barnes, Amos W.
1888 Aug. 27 1 item Box 4
Barondess, Benjamin
1932 Nov. 7-14 2 items Box 4
Barrington, W. J.
1904 Oct. 20 1 item Box 4
Barrows, Franklin W.
1900 Jan. 28 1 item Box 4
Barrows, W. Morton
1905 Feb. 28 1 item Box 4
Bartelmez, George W., 1885-?
1925 July 22, Aug. 10 2 items Box 4
Batchelder, Charles Foster, 1856-?
1899 Dec. 13 1 item Box 4
Bateson, William, 1861-1926
1904-1928 3 folders (77 items) Box 4

Subject(s): Baur, Erwin; Conferences and symposia; Eugenics; Genetics of plants; Goldschmidt, Richard Benedict; Invitations; Laughlin, Harry Hamilton; Morgan, Thomas Hunt; Political issues; Publication; Punnett, Reginald Crundall

Folder 1
1904 June 2 - 1907 July 26 21 items Box 4
Folder 2
1907 Sept. 19 - 1909 May 15 22 items Box 4
Folder 3
1909 May 22 - 1928 Jan. 28 34 items Box 4
Bauer, L. A.
1907 Feb. 14 1 item Box 4
Baum, Max C.
1921 Sept. 23 - Oct. 21 3 items Box 4
Baur, Erwin
1920 Nov. 24 - 1931 Aug. 18 34 items Box 4
Beach, S. A.
1906 Feb. 27 - 1920 July 27 17 items Box 4

About "telegony" and Davenport's recommendations of leading geneticists for an Iowa State College teaching position.

Beals, F. H.
1900 Dec. 25 1item Box 4
Bean, Robert Bennett, 1874-1944
1909 Sept. 24 - 1931 Oct. 28 23 items Box 4
Bean, Tarleton Hoffman, 1846-1916
1904 Nov. 14 - 1909 Dec. 17 10 items Box 4
Beckett, Edgar
1933 Nov. 11, Dec. 5 2 items Box 4
Beebe, C. William, 1877-1962
1905 Sept. 13 - 1933 Dec. 26 27 items Box 4
Beers, Clifford W.
1933 Mar. 6 - June 9 2 items Box 4
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922
1904-1929 8 folders (162 items) Box 4

Subject(s): Bibliographical matters; Eugenics Record Office; Genetics -- Sheep; International Congress of Eugenics; International Congress of Genetics; Research support; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1904 Mar. 7 - Aug. 31 21 items Box 4
Folder 2
1904 Sept. 20 - 1906 Aug. 30 20 items Box 4
Folder 3
1906 Sept. 22 - 1908 Oct. 30 22 items Box 4
Folder 4
1909 Apr. 15 - 1910 May 3 17 items Box 4
Folder 5
1910 May 6 - 1912 Dec. 9 22 items Box 4
Folder 6
1913 Jan. 9 - 1914 Nov. 25 25 items Box 4
Folder 7
1915 Jan. 21 - 1916 Nov. 18 21 items Box 4
Folder 8
1917 Apr. 10 - 1929 May 18 14 items Box 4
Bemmelen, J. F.
1931 Aug. 8 - Dec. 26 8 items Box 4
Benedict, Francis Gano, 1870-1957
1907-1933 5 folders (114 items) Box 4

Subject(s): Carnegie Institution of Washington; Human evolution, physical anthropology -- Jamaicans; Physiology; Steggerda, Morris

Folder 1
1907 Dec. 21 - 1916 Mar. 21 18 items Box 4
Folder 2
1918 Dec. 16 - 1926 Aug. 31 26 items Box 4
Folder 3
1927 Jan. 21 - 1928 Dec. 27 30 items Box 4
Folder 4
1929 Jan. 25 - 1930 Dec. 29 18 items Box 4
Folder 5
1931 Jan. 5 - 1933 Mar. 8 22 items Box 4
Benedict, Ralph Curtiss, 1883-?
1920-1932 3 folders (90 items) Box 4

Subject(s): Educational matters; Eugenics; Research support

Folder 1
1920 Dec. 1 - 1922 Dec. 5 27 items Box 4
Folder 2
1923 Jan. 24 - 1929 Nov. 14 30 items Box 4
Folder 3
1930 Feb. 25 - 1932 Sept. 28 33 items Box 4
Bennett, Charles B.
1898 Apr. 28 - 1902 May 19 8 items Box 4
Bergen, Joseph Y. (Joseph Young), 1851-1917
1912 Apr. 2 1 item Box 4
Bergen, Thomas D.
1904 May 31 1 item Box 4
Bermuda Biological Station
1933 Nov. 21-22 4 items Box 4
Bernstein, Felix,1878-1956
1923 Nov. 19 - 1938 Feb. 25 27 items Box 4

Subject(s): Displaced German scholars; Invitations

Bessey, Charles Edwin, 1845-1915
1899 Dec. 14 - 1907 Oct. 6 2 items Box 4
Beyer, Hermann Wolfgang, 1898-1943
1933 Apr. 11, Aug. 7 2 items Box 4
Bickel, Dr. Beatrice
1919 Dec. 1 - 1921 Oct. 7 12 items Box 4
Bigelow, Edward Fuller, 1860-
1902 Dec. 8 - 1930 Sept. 18 28 items Box 4
Bigelow, Henry Bryant, 1879-1967
1909 Mar. 17 - 1932 June 8 9 items Box 4
Bigelow, Maurice Alpheus, 1872-?
1898-1929 2 folders (50 items) Box 4

Subject(s): Biographical and personal data; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Eugenics; Publication; Teaching; Zoology

Folder 1
1898 Aug. 6 - 1904 June 4 22 items Box 4
Folder 2
1906 Apr. 3 - 1929 June 1 28 items Box 4
Billings, Frank, 1854-1932
1918 Feb. - 1922 Dec. 14 5 items Box 5
Bingham, Walter Van Dyke, 1880-1952
1919 Nov. 26 - 1930 June 17 22 items Box 5
Biological Society of Washington
1932 Oct. 7 - 1933 Oct. 16 4 items Box 5
Birge, E. A. (Edward Asahel), 1851-1950
1899 Dec. 13 - 1902 June 27 5 items Box 5
Bishop, Howard B.
1907 Dec. 15-18 3 items Box 5
Black, Davidson, 1884-1934
1926 Apr. 12 - 1932 Oct. 28 21 items Box 5
Black, William R.
1906 Mar. 3 - May 9 9 items Box 5
Blackburn, Charles V.
1905 May 17 1 item Box 5
Blackford, Eugene Gilbert, 1839-1904
1900 Aug. 2 - 1906 May 15 24 items Box 5
Blades, William F.
1924 Sept. 5 - 1925 Dec. 9 6 items Box 5
Blake, S. F. (Sidney Fay), 1892-1959
1920 Dec. 3-18 3 items Box 5
Blanc, Ninette
1929 July 2-5 2 items Box 5
Blankinship, J. W. (Joseph William), 1862-1940
1898 July 11 - 1918 Apr. 13 8 items Box 5
Blatchley, W. S. (Willis Stanley), 1859-1940
1907 Dec. 5 - 1921 Feb. 7 6 items Box 5
Blauvelt, George A.
1914 Mar. 18 1 item Box 5
Blayney, Lindsey, 1874-?
1920 Dec. 24-31 4 items Box 5
Bledsoe, Rosewell Page, 1888-?
1926 Mar. 11 1 item Box 5
Bleeker, Charles M.
1911 Apr. 26 - 1931 Dec. 1 8 items Box 5
Bliss, M. A.
1922 Feb. 28 - 1927 July 21 3 items Box 5
Block, Rachel
1932 Apr. 5-14 4 items Box 5
Block, Siegfried
1921 Aug. 31 - 1924 Mar. 29 5 items Box 5
Blue and White Bus Company
1922 Nov. 4 - 1923 Feb. 14 12 items Box 5
Blue, Rupert, 1867-?
1919 Nov. 22 2 items Box 5
Bluhm, Agnes, 1862-1943
1921 Aug. 30 - 1930 Oct. 6 5 items Box 5
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
1899-1933 4 folders (86 items) Box 5

Subject(s): Anthropology; Human evolution, physical anthropology; Human genetics; World War I -- Impact on science

Folder 1
1899 Sept. 13 - 1914 Feb. 13 25 items Box 5
Folder 2
1920 July 14 - 1924 June 23 22 items Box 5
Folder 3
1926 June 16 - 1931 Nov. 7 21 items Box 5
Folder 4
1932 Aug. 9 - 1933 June 29 18 items Box 5
Bodman, Herbert Luther, 1924-?
1936 Oct. 5 1 item Box 5
Boeman, A. M.
1915 Nov. 23, 1916 Jan. 13 2 items Box 5
Boen, ?
1927 Apr. 27 1 item Box 5
Bohn, Georges, 1868-?
1905 May 29 - 1911 4 items Box 5
Bohn, Wm. E. (William Edward), 1877-?
1932 June 14-16 2 items Box 5
Boissevain, Mia
1922 Nov. 2 - 1923 Feb. 7 3 items Box 5
Boldrini, Marcello, 1890-1969
1925 Oct. 14 - 1931 July 16 12 items Box 5
Bonds, Florence
1933 Apr. 27 - May 8 2 items Box 5
Bonin, Gerhardt von, 1890-?
1930 Nov. 24 - 1931 Oct. 19 5 items Box 5
Bonnevie, Kristine
1907 May 7 - 1932 Feb. 13 15 items Box 5
Bonney, A. F.
1911 Sept. 11 - Oct. 24 2 items Box 5
Bordage, Edmond
1897 Dec. 2 - 1899 Jan. 17 3 items Box 5
Bordner, John S.
1904 Oct. 20 - Dec. 5 4 items Box 5
Borodin, D. N. (Dmitrii Nikolaevich)
1921 Nov. 19 - 1923 May 22 10 items Box 5
Borodin, N. A. (Nikolai Andreevich), 1861-1937.
1920 Aug. 3 - 1924 Aug. 6 4 items Box 5
Bosanquet, Mrs. Charles (Schieffelin, Barbara)
1929-1932 5 folders (130 items) Box 5

Subject(s): Eugenics Record Office -- Psychology

Folder 1
1929 Jan. 15 - Apr. 18 25 items Box 5
Folder 2
1929 Apr. 20 - Dec. 28 28 items Box 5
Folder 3
1930 Jan. 8 - 1932 Aug. 8 33 items Box 5
Folder 4
1929 Feb. 28 - Apr. 15 22 items Box 5
Folder 5
1929 Apr. 16 - July 12 22 items Box 5
Boston Society of Natural History
1898 May 6 3 items Box 5
Bottigheimer, Mrs. Edgar M.
1932 Sept. 7-19 2 items Box 5
Bouges, Louise
1923 June 8-20 2 items Box 5
Boulton, Laura C.
1933 July 8 - Oct. 14 3 items Box 5
Boveri, Theodor, 1862-1915
1910 Dec. 20 - 1926 Nov. 10 4 items Box 5
Bovie, W. T.
1918 Jan. 29 - 1921 Nov. 25 14 items Box 5
Bowditch, Cornelia
1922 Apr. 7-15 4 items Box 5
Bowditch, Harold, 1883-?
1918 May 20 - 1923 Jan. 26 26 items Box 5
Bowditch, Henry I.
1909 Sept. 10 - Oct. 26 8 items Box 5
Bowman, Isaiah
1918 Mar. 9 - 1929 Mar. 14 15 items Box 5
Boyer, Claude E.
1932 Sept. 19 - Oct. 16 3 items Box 5
Brace, Edith M.
1905 May 9 1 item Box 5
Bradley, Helen A.
1923 Mar. 19 1 item Box 5
Braem, F.
1891 Feb. 8 - 1904 May 25 6 items Box 5
Brainerd, Ezra
1908 Aug. 7-16 2 items Box 5
Bralliar, Floyd
1932 Jan. 24 - July 22 2 items Box 5
Brand, Erwin
1930 May 3 - Oct. 10 6 items Box 5
Brandeis, Julian W., 1875-?
1920 Nov. 26 - 1927 Apr. 29 22 items Box 5
Brandt, Karl
1902 May 23 1 item Box 5
Breasted, James Henry, 1865-1935
1919 May 16-27 3 items Box 6
Breinl, Friedrich, 1888-1936
1925 May 5 - 1926 Jan. 12 17 items Box 6
Brewster, Edwin Tenney, 1866-?
1895 July 29 - 1914 July 4 12 items Box 6
Bridges, Calvin B. (Calvin Blackman), 1889-1938
1916 June 12 - 1929 Dec. 17 3 items Box 6
Briggs, Ella Marion
1905 Jan. 16 1 item Box 6
Briggs, L. B. R.
1897 Dec. 13 - 1899 Oct. 10 3 items Box 6
Brigham, Carl Campbell, 1890-?
1922 Dec. 21 - 1930 Mar. 17 34 items Box 6
Bristol, Charles Lawrence
1912 Sept. 5 - 1921 May 26 7 items Box 6
Bristol, George P.
1906 Dec. 17-31 2 items Box 6
Bristol, Lucius Moody
1913 Nov. 1 - 1915 Nov. 2 4 items Box 6
Britton, Elizabeth G. (Mrs. Nathaniel Lord)
1923 Jan. 3 - 1925 May 5 16 items Box 6
Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934
1904 Apr. 20 - 1914 May 4 16 items Box 6
Brockman, K. G.
1926 Oct. 19 - 1927 Mar. 16 5 items Box 6
Bronfenbrenner, A.
1925 Feb. 14 - 1931 May 13 31 items Box 6
Brooke, Charles Edward
1904 Jan. 11 1 item Box 6
Brooklyn Collegiate and Polytechnic Institute
  Box 6
Grades of C. B. Davenport
1883 Feb. - 1884 Dec. 11 items Box 6
Mechanical drawings of C. B. Davenport
n.d. 1 notebook Box 6
Miscellaneous notes
1874 Dec. 5 - 1940 June 1 2 items Box 6
Statistics for the class of '85
1885 31 items Box 6
Brooks, Mrs. Charles F.
1928 Mar. 4-6 2 items Box 6
Brower, Elbert O.
1928 Nov. 24 - Dec. 3 2 items Box 6
Brown, C. J. D.
1932 July 20-28 2 items Box 6
Brown, Constance
1933 Mar. 18-26 5 items Box 6
Brown, E. T.
1908 July 24 - 1909 Apr. 22 4 items Box 6
Brown, Edward
1907 Jan. 30 - 1911 Sept. 11 30 items Box 6
Brown, Elmer Ellsworth, 1861-1934
1911 Feb. 24 - Oct. 10 6 items Box 6
Brown, Frank A.
1944 Feb. 19 1 item Box 6
Brown, Herbert A.
1914 Mar. 21 - 1915 Oct. 14 3 items Box 6
Brown, J. Stanley
  Box 6
Brown, Sanger, 1884-?
1921 Feb. 8 - 1930 Mar. 12 11 items Box 6
Brown, W. H.
1926 Aug. 24 1 item Box 6
Brown, William Moseley, 1894-?
1930 Apr. 23 - July 10 12 items Box 6
Brownne, J. S.
1910 Dec. 30 - 1925 Jan. 29 36 items Box 6
Brozek, Artur
1912 May 1 - 1925 Mar. 23 13 items Box 6
Bruce, B. K.
1907 Feb. 24 1 item Box 6
Brues, Charles T. (Charles Thomas), 1879-1955
1902 Apr. 2 - 1927 Apr. 4 11 items Box 6
Brunetti, E.
1905 Oct. 20 1 item Box 6
Brushfield, Thomas
  2 folders Box 6
Folder 1
1925 Dec. 15 - 1928 Mar. 21 21 items Box 6
Folder 2
1928 May 31 - 1931 Jan. 15 23 items Box 6
Bryan, William Alanson
1908 Aug. 24 - Sept. 22 3 items Box 6
Bryant, Louise Stevens
1928 Oct. 1 - 1931 Dec. 21 6 items Box 6
Bryce, George, 1844-1931
1903 Sept. 29 1 item Box 6
Bryn, Halfdon
1922 Oct. 26 - 1929 Sept. 8 2 items Box 6
Bryngelson, Bryng
1933 Apr. 12 1 item Box 6
Brynk, S.
1920 June 29 - July 5 2 items Box 6
Buchinger, Ing. A.
1929 Mar. 14 - Apr. 17 3 items Box 6
Buckhout, W. A.
1906 Nov. 22-26 2 items Box 6
Bullard, Charles
1898 Aug. 27 - 1900 Mar. 15 6 items Box 6
Bulletin of Social Hygiene, Editor
1919 Sept. 8 1 item Box 6
Bullington, Walter Edward, 1890-?
1925 Aug. 28 - 1933 Nov. 27 14 items Box 6
Bumpus, Hermon Carey, 1862-1943
1891-1915 2 folders (54 items) Box 6

Subject(s): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Conferences and symposia; International Congress of Zoology; National Academy of Sciences; Political issues; Scientific organizations, meetings, programs

Folder 1
1891 Mar. 25 - 1907 Nov. 15 21 items Box 6
Folder 2
1908 Jan. 28 - 1915 May 19 33 items Box 6
Bumstead, Henry Andrews, 1870-1920
1920 Jan. 31 - Sept. 15 11 items Box 6
Bunch, Cordia C., 1885-?
1933 Nov. 22-27 2 items Box 6
Bunting, Martha
1899 Feb. 27 - 1900 Feb. 8 3 items Box 6
Buol, Mary Stilwell
1932 Aug. 31 - Oct. 25 2 items Box 6
Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926
1907 May 13 - 1921 Jan. 13 8 items Box 6
Burdeen, C. R.
1905 Jan. 30 - Feb. 4 2 items Box 6
Burgess, G. K. (Georoge Kimball), 1874-?
1929 Apr. 30 - May 20 4 items Box 6
Burke, John J.
1925 Nov. 20 - 1930 Aug. 28 13 items Box 6
Burlingame, Leonas Lancelot, 1876-?
1922 Mar. 15 - Dec. 5 8 items Box 6
Burnham, Allen M.
1932 Mar. 4 - 1933 June 22 4 items Box 6
Burr, Allston
1943 Aug. 4 1 item Box 6
Burr, Carll S., Jr., 1858-?
1907 Apr. 16 - 1908 Apr. 27 9 items Box 6
Burt, Edward A.
1897 June 21 - 1899 Mar. 22 2 items Box 6
Burt, Luella
1931 Jan. 30 - Aug. 15 15 items Box 6
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947
1910 May 25 - 1924 Feb. 4 9 items Box 7
Buxton, Leonard Halford Dudley
1930 Mar. 29 - Apr. 21 3 items Box 7
Byrnes, Esther Fussell, 1866-?
1916-1940 3 folders (83 items) Box 7

Subject(s): Biographical and personal data; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Conferences and symposia; Eugenics Record Office

Folder 1
1916 Jan. 30 - 1920 June 16 25 items Box 7
Folder 2
1920 June 17 - 1927 Jan. 26 30 items Box 7
Folder 3
1926 Feb. 1 - 1940 Mar. 5 28 items Box 7
Cadwalader, John
1932 Apr. 19-20 3 items Box 7
Calder, William M., 1869-?
1919 Sept. 8 - 1922 Feb. 23 7 items Box 7
Caldwell, Otis W. (Otis William), 1869-1947
1925 Oct. 6 - 1930 Sept. 15 33 items Box 7
Calkins, Gary Nathan, 1867-1943
1901 Dec. 11 - 1930 Feb. 11 10 items Box 7
Calvet, Louis, 1868-?
1898 Oct. 23 - 1904 Oct. 14 4 items Box 7
Camp, Mrs. Blanche M. (Letchworth Village)
1926 June 26 - 1932 Nov. 29 30 items Box 7
Campbell, C. G. (Clarence Gorden), 1868-1956
1927-1932 2 folders (53 items) Box 7

Subject(s): Eugenics; Eugenics Research Association; Research support

Folder 1
1927 Mar. 21 - 1928 July 6 20 items Box 7
Folder 2
1928 July 9 - 1932 Aug. 9 33 items Box 7
Candelas, P. B.
1942 July 4-17 7 items Box 7
Cannon, Gertrude L.
1910 Jan. 9 - Oct. 12 14 items Box 7
Cannon, H. Graham
1923 Nov. 19 - 1925 June 19 3 items Box 7
Cannon, Walter B.(Walter Bradford), 1871-1945
1896-1934 2 folders (45 items) Box 7

Subject(s): Bibliographical matters; Biographical and personal data; National Academy of Sciences; National Research Council; Research support

Folder 1
1896 Aug. 1 - 1925 Jan. 14 23 items Box 7
Folder 2
1925 Mar. 24 - 1934 Jan. 29 22 items Box 7
Cannon, William Austin, 1870-?
1903 Nov. 5 - 1903 Nov. 21 4 items Box 7
Carlson, Anton J. (Anton Julius), 1875-1956
1904 Apr. 10 - Nov. 7 3 items Box 7
Carlson, Elof Axel
1971 Jan. 26 1 item Box 7
Carlson, H. C.
1932 Nov. 18-29 4 items Box 7
Carnegie, Mrs. Andrew (Louise W.)
1925 Dec. 16 1 item Box 7
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1933 Feb. 21-23 2 items Box 7
Carnegie Institution of Washington
  Box 7-9

Related material: See also Series II.


Subject(s): Business; Carnegie Institution of Washington; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Committee activities -- Executive committee; Conferences and symposia; Genetics; Publication; Research support

Folder 1
1929 Jan. 5 - Feb. 27 31 items Box 7
Folder 2
1929 Mar. 1-28 29 items Box 7
Folder 3
1929 Apr. 1 - June 30 32 items Box 7
Folder 4
1929 Jul. 5 - Dec. 1 20 items Box 7
Folder 5
1930 Jan. 7 - Dec. 12 31 items Box 7
Folder 6
1931 Jan. 9 - Dec. 22 36 items Box 7
Folder 7
1932 Jan. 4 - June 27 34 items Box 7
Folder 8
1932 July 8 - Dec. 31 31 items Box 7
Department of Genetics
  Box 7-8
Folder 1
1913 Jan. 20 - 1921 May 6 40 items Box 7
Folder 2
1921 Nov. 29 - 1923 Oct. 8 45 items Box 7
Folder 3
1923 Oct. 10 - 1925 July 22 52 items Box 7
Folder 4
1925 Sept. 10 - 1928 51 items Box 7
Folder 5
1927 Dec. 14 - 1928 June 23 36 items Box 7
Folder 6
1931 Feb. 13 - 1933 Mar. 17 26 items Box 8
Budget
1924 Jan. 24 - 1933 Oct. 19 35 items Box 8
General
1929 - 1932 June 20 37 items Box 8
Program
1923 Dec. 2 - 1939 Feb. 8 11 items Box 8
Report of staff meeting
1935 Jan. 21 - 1937 June 7 34 items Box 8
Staff meetings
1922 Jan. 5 - 1928 Oct. 1 22 items Box 8
Executive Committee: Minutes of the Meetings
1929 Jan. 11 - 1930 Jan. 17 7 items Box 8
Gilbert, William Marshall, 1879-?
1927-1939 32 folders Box 8-9

Subject(s): Biographical and personal data; Carnegie Institution of Washington; Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory; Committee activities; Conferences and symposia; Eugenics; Genetics; Human evolution, physical anthropology; Human genetics; International Congress of Genetics -- Fifth Congress; National Research Council; Political issues; Publication; Referee's report; Research support; Travel -- Invitations, arrangements

Folder 1
1927 Jan. 5 - Feb. 26 32 items Box 8
Folder 2
1927 Mar. 1 - Apr. 29 29 items Box 8
Folder 3
1927 May 2 - July 22 32 items Box 8
Folder 4
1927 Aug. 2 - Sept. 27 28 items Box 8
Folder 5
1927 Oct. 3 - Nov. 30 44 items Box 8
Folder 6
1927 Dec. 2 - 1928 Feb. 28 36 items Box 8
Folder 7
1928 Mar. 1-19 40 items Box 8
Folder 8
1928 Mar. 20 - Apr. 23 46 items Box 8
Folder 9
1928 May 7 - Dec. 26 62 items Box 8
Folder 10
1929 Jan. 9 - Apr. 26 36 items Box 8
Folder 11
1929 May 4 - Aug. 30 41 items Box 8
Folder 12
1929 Sept. 3 - Dec. 30 42 items Box 8
Folder 13
1930 Jan. 2 - Mar. 31 55 items Box 8
Folder 14
1930 Apr. 1 - June 12 49 items Box 8
Folder 15
1930 June 14 - Oct. 13 46 items Box 8
Folder 16
1930 Oct. 14 - Dec. 31 54 items Box 9
Folder 17
1931 Jan. 3 - May 28 60 items Box 9
Folder 18
1931 June 1 - Aug. 27 58 items Box 9
Folder 19
1931 Sept. 1 - Oct. 16 48 items Box 9
Folder 20
1931 Nov. 31 - Dec. 31 38 items Box 9
Folder 21
1932 Jan. 4 - Apr. 6 50 items Box 9
Folder 22
1932 Apr. 7 - July 21 62 items Box 9
Folder 23
1932 July 21 - Dec. 29 64 items Box 9
Folder 24
1933 Jan. 4 - Feb. 25 34 items Box 9