Navigation
Abstract

A biochemist at Columbia University, previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit discovered the base-pairing regularities or "complementarity relationships" of nucleic acids that provided one of the key steps in developing a structural model for DNA. During his long career, Chargaff is credited with conclusively falsifying the tetranucleotide hypothesis; demonstrating the existence of a large number of DNA species; and creating the first descriptions of hypochromicity, hyperchromicity, and the denaturation of a DNA. In addition, Chargaff conducted important research on blood coagulation, lipids and lipoproteins, the metabolism of amino acids and inositol, and the biosynthesis of phosphotransferases. He retired to emeritus status in 1974 and remained active in research almost to the time of his death in June 2002.

The Chargaff Papers are organized into ten series: I. Correspondence, 1931-1992; Ia. Correspondence, 1949-2002; IIa. Grants, 1930-1982; IIb. Subject Files, 1940-1984; IIc. Subject Files, 1946-2002; III. Works by Chargaff, 1929-1989; IIIa. Works by Chargaff, 1923-2002; IIIb. Reprints, 1977-1999; IV. Works by Others, 1936-1985; IVa. Works by Others, 1976-2002; V. Research Notes and Notebooks, 1929-1951 ; VI. Photographs, 1935-1977; VIa. Photographs, 1928-2002; VII. Audiovisual Materials; VIII. Awards and Certificates, 1958-2001; IX. Lecture Notes, 1942-1985; X. Personal Papers, [1880]-1985.

Background note

One of the foremost contributors to a modern understanding of the nucleic acids, previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit was born in Czernowitz, Austria on August 11, 1905. After receiving a doctorate from the University of Vienna in 1928, he accepted a position at Yale University, where he became the Milton Campbell Research Fellow in Organic Chemistry from 1928 to 1930. From Yale, Chargaff returned to Europe for four years, spending 1930-1933 as Assistant in Charge of Chemistry for the Department of Bacteriology and Public Health at the University of Berlin and 1933-1934 as Research Associate at the Institut Pasteur in Paris.

After his early wanderings, Chargaff settled down to spend his most productive and creative years in association with Columbia University. Starting as a Research Associate in the Department of Biochemistry in 1935, he climbed the academic ladder to Assistant Professor in 1938 and Professor in 1952, eventually becoming departmental chair (1970-1974), and receiving Professor Emeritus (1974).

After reading Oswald Avery's seminal 1944 paper identifying DNA as the hereditary material, Chargaff reoriented his laboratory to the study of the structure and function of nucleic acids and their components using the new chromatographic techniques developed by John Martin and Richard Synge. By 1950, in research funded in part by the Office of Scientific Research and Development, the United States Public Health Service, and the American Cancer Society, Chargaff made a discovery of critical importance, regardless of the source, the amounts of adenine and thymine were equal, as were the amounts of cytosine and guanine. The discovery of this distinctive pattern of base-pairing regularities in DNA (Chargaff's "complementarity relationships") provided a compelling rejection of the tetranucleotide hypothesis and demonstrated the potential for the existence of a large number of species of DNA, however Chargaff made little headway in unraveling the causes of base regularities. In later years, he argued that he had planted the seeds for the double helix in the minds of Watson and Crick during a luncheon meeting in May 1952 to discuss his results, however Chargaff himself failed to make the connections between these regularities and base pairing. In later work, however, he was credited with providing the first demonstrations of hypochromicity, hyperchromicity, and the denaturation of a DNA, and his lab also conducted important research on blood coagulation, lipids and lipoproteins, the metabolism of amino acids and inositol, and the biosynthesis of phosphotransferases.

From the late 1950s, Chargaff grew increasingly disillusioned with molecular biology, the field that he had helped found, lamenting what he perceived as the subordination of biochemistry to molecular pursuits, famously accusing molecular biologists of practicing biochemistry without a license. In later life, he became an outspoken critic of the newer biotechnologies involving cloning, genetic manipulation, and gene transfer, decrying the poverty of bioethical standards in the field and claiming that molecular biology was "running riot and doing things that can never be justified." He spoke and wrote extensively against the use of microbiology in genetic engineering, primarily for a European market, describing himself as "the unwilling cofounder of a science that [he] abhorred." During these years, Chargaff also returned to his youthful interest in language and satire, in particular the works of Karl Kraus, the Viennese satirist.

Throughout his career, Chargaff regularly served as visiting lecturer and professor at other institutions, including the Wenner Gren Center at the University of Stockholm (1949); several universities in Japan (1958); the Universities of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Recife in Brazil (1959); and the Collège de France, where he held the Albert Einstein Chair (1965). He gave the Plenary Congress Lecture at the International Biochemistry Congress in Vienna (1958); the Harvey Society Lecture (1956); the Jesup Lectures at Columbia University (1959); and the Miescher Memorial Lecture in Basel (1969). He was on the Committee on Growth of the National Research Council (1952-1954), and he was also on the Advisory Council on Biology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1958-1967). His numerous awards and honors include the Pasteur Medal (1949), the Carl Neuberg Medal (1958), the Société de Chimie Biologique Medal (1961), the Charles Leopold Mayer Prize (1963), the H.P. Heineken Prize (1964), the Bertner Foundation Award (1965), the Gregor Mendel Medal (1973), the National Medal of Science (1974), the New York Academy of Medicine Medal (1980), and Columbia University's Distinguished Service Award (1982). He was also awarded an honorary ScD from Columbia University (1976) and an honorary doctorate from the University of Basel (1976).

Chargaff also was awarded numerous awards and honors for his work as an essayist and ethicist during his later years, including the Grosse Goldene Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Osterreich (1990), Osterreichische Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst (1994), Preis der Stadt Wien für Publizistik (1994), Friedrick Märker-Preis für Essayisten (2000) and the Ehrenmedaille der Bundeshauptstadt Wien in Gold (2001).

Chargaff has been a member of the editorial boards for Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Columbia University's Forum, and American Chemical Society Monographs, as well as a member of the advisory board for Experimental Cell Research. He was a member of the Royal Swedish Physiographic Society (1959), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1961), the National Academy of Sciences (1965), the American Philosophical Society (1979), and many other professional organizations.

Chargaff published almost 500 articles in English, German, French and Italian. Most were published during his years at Columbia, some as collaborations with his students and colleagues. He also published several books during this time, including three volumes called the Nucleic Acids in 1955 and 1960 with J. N. Davidson; Essays on Nucleic Acids in 1963; and Voices in the Labyrinth: Dialogues Around the Study of Nature in 1977. His autobiographical Heraclitean Fire was published in 1978. In his later years, he published numerous essays, primarily written in German, and frequently made television and radio appearances in Europe, arguing against the use of molecular biology in genetic engineering.

Chargaff married Vera Broido in 1928, with whom he had one child, Thomas, and became an American citizen in 1940. After a falling out with the department at Columbia following his retirement to emeritus status in 1974, Chargaff moved his laboratory to Columbia's affiliate, Roosevelt Hospital, where he continued to work until 1992. He died on June 20, 2002 at the age of 96.

Scope and content

The previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit Papers (1929-1992) contain correspondence; grant material; subject files; manuscripts of published and unpublished works by Chargaff; papers by colleagues, correspondents and students; research notes by Chargaff and students; photographs and negatives; audiovisual materials; lecture notes; awards and certificates; and personal documents. The majority of the collection prior to 1990 is in English, but there is a significant amount of material in German. After 1990, the bulk of the collection is in German. These folders are marked "In German" or "Some in German" as appropriate. While the collection spans the years 1929 to 1992, the bulk of the collection dates from the 1940s to the 1970s, although there are a significant number of papers from 1990-2002. Papers that were accessioned in the 2002 deposit have been kept separate in their own subseries except for correspondence with correspondents for whom a file already existed in the original Series I. Correspondence with these correspondents were interfiled with the original correspondence. Some of the papers in the 2002 accession include early documents, letters, date books and other works by Chargaff.

The papers (113 boxes; 56 linear feet) are divided into ten series:

NameTitleDuration aboard
Series ICorrespondence, 1931-199230 linear feet
Series IaCorrespondence, 1949-20025 boxes; 2.5 linear feet
Series IIaGrants, 1930-19823.5 linear feet
Series IIbSubject files, 1940-19841.5 linear feet
Series IIcSubject Files, 1946-20021 box; .25 linear feet
Series IIIWorks by Chargaff, 1929-198915.5 linear feet
Series IIIaWorks by Chargaff, 1923-20025 boxes; 2 linear feet
Series IIIbWorks by Chargaff: Reprints, 1977-19993 boxes; 1 linear feet
Series IVWorks by others, 1936-19851.25 linear feet
Series IVaWorks by Others, 1976-20021 box; .5 linear feet
Series VResearch notes, 1929-19512.25 linear feet
Series VIPhotographs, 1935-19771.75 linear feet
Series VIaPhotographs and Negatives, 1928-200211 boxes; 2 linear feet
Series VIIAudiovisual materials2 boxes; .5 linear feet
Series VIIIAwards and Certificates, 1958-20017 boxes; 4 linear feet
Series IXLecture Notes, 1942-19853 boxes; 1.25 linear feet
Series XPersonal Papers, [1880]-19851 box; .5 linear feet
Series I-XOversized materials2 boxes; 1 linear feet

Collection information

Provenance

The Chargaff Papers were donated to the APS by previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit in 1975. An extensive description of the original order of the collection was written in 1977 by Pnina Abir-Am for Survey of Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. To see this original description, consult the manuscripts librarian. In 1987 the papers were donated by Chargaff. In 1987 additional papers were deposited by Chargaff. These papers were interfiled in the collection and the finding aid updated by Miriam B. Spectre. In 2002, a final deposit was made upon Chargaff's death, and the finding aid revised to reflect this deposit.

Preferred citation

Cite as: previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Catalogued by Miriam Spectre,1993, revised 1998.

Physiology, Biochemistry, and Biophysics Note

previous hitErwin Chargaff next hit was the first biochemist in America to develop a substantial research program centered around the genetic specificity of nucleic acids, research that formed a major chapter in the history of molecular biology. Having been one of a handful of life scientists in the mid-1940s to appreciate the significance of O. T. Avery's discovery that DNA was the transforming principle in pneumococci, Chargaff set out to probe the chemical properties of nucleic acids in relation to their biological specificity. By 1950 his finding that DNA could account for genetic specificity led to the demise of P. A. Levene's dominant tetranucleotide theory of DNA structure, which regarded DNA as ill-suited for carrying information. Chargaff's findings also eclipsed some of Max Bergmann's protein theories of biological specificity. Chargaff's work was a turning point in gene research from proteins to nucleic acids, and his laboratory at Columbia (in the biochemistry department headed by Hans Thacher Clarke) became a premier center for nucleic acids chemistry.

The Chargaff Papers document in detail the intellectual and social history of his research program. The collection contains records of Chargaff's investigations on rickettsia and typhus during the war years 1942-1945 as part of the OSRD projects, as well as material on his research on the chemistry of blood coagulants; these are important sources on the relation of the life sciences to the military. There is a great deal of material on the crucial years 1945-1950, during which time Chargaff reoriented his research program toward the chemistry of heredity, and records that include rejections of his research proposals by several foundations.

After 1950, with the increased interest in nucleic acids, Chargaff gained recognition and acquired his own research facilities at Columbia, the Laboratory of Cell Chemistry. Also included is material on nucleic acids research, the rise of molecular genetics, and Chargaff's role in these developments. Of interest are his exchanges with pharmaceutical houses (circa 1940s-1950s), including Hoffmann-La Roche, Bio-Vin, Upjohn, Eli Lilly, Rohm and Haas, and Parke-Davis, communications highlighting the links between academic and industrial biochemistry. The remainder of the correspondence (1960s) reflects the expansion of Chargaff's administrative activities and his increased influence within the life sciences.

Unfortunately there is little material on Chargaff's years in Germany or the period 1934-1941, when he first established his research program at Columbia. But being a prolific writer and a vociferous critic of American culture, Chargaff frequently compared his European and American experiences. His correspondence with many European colleagues throughout the 1940s and 1950s deals with issues surrounding the intellectual migration and reflects this cross-cultural perspective.

Series I. Correspondence:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Anderson, Rudolph John, 1879-1961Correspondence (17 items)1943-1961English
Astbury, William Thomas, 1898-1961Correspondence (14 items)1951-1961English
Barzun, Jacques, b. 1907Correspondence (31 items)1958-1978English
Bergmann, Ernst David, 1903-1975Correspondence (10 items)1947-1952English
Bernhard, KarlCorrespondence (20 items)1945-1949, 1964German
Bondi, AlfredCorrespondence (26 items)1949-1966German
Brachet, J. (Jean), 1909-1998Correspondence (24 items)1949-1974French
Brawerman, GeorgeCorrespondence (191 items)1951-1976English
Cohen, Seymour S. (Seymour Stanley), 1917-Correspondence (96 items)1942-1982French
Cohn, Waldo E.Correspondence (3 folders)1950-1980English
Columbia UniversityCorrespondence (10 folders)1941-1989English
Crick, Francis, 1916-2004Correspondence (6 items)1954, 1974English
Davidson, John NormanCorrespondence (4 folders)1947-1972English
Doty, PaulCorrespondence (21 items)1952-1953, 1966English
Ehrensvard, Gosta Carl Henrik, Greve, 1910-1980Correspondence (64 items)1949-1959English
Elson, DavidCorrespondence (128 items)1949-1974English
Frazer, Alastair Campbell, 1909-1969Correspondence (37 items)1946-1964English
Gamow, George, 1904-1968 ( Correspondence regarding biochemistry and organic chemistry, human genetics, molecular genetics, and the RNA Tie Club.) Correspondence (21 items)1954-1955English
Gustafson, TryggveCorrespondence (24 items)1949-1954English
Haurowitz, Felix, 1896-1987Correspondence (17 items)1950-1960German
Hawthorne, J. N. (John Nigel)Correspondence (2 folders)1951-1984English
Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc.Correspondence (81 items)1942-1971German
Horstadius, Sven, 1898-1996Correspondence (41 items)1949-1954English
Hotchkiss, Rollin Douglas, 1911-2004Correspondence (18 items)1949-1979English
Kendrew, John C. (John Cowdery), 1917-1997Correspondence (43 items)1951-1974English
Lederberg, JoshuaCorrespondence (8 items)1950-1958English
Linderstrom-Lang, Kaj Ulrik, 1896-1959Correspondence (17 items)1951-1959English
Monroy, AlbertoCorrespondence (53 items)1950-1985English
Parke, Davis and CompanyCorrespondence (30 items)1935-1961English
Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994 ( Correspondence regarding Columbia University, requests for aid in finding positions, biochemistry and organic chemistry, editorial matters, professional associations, and the Nobel Prize.) Correspondence (10 items)1945-1972English
Pirie, N. W. (Norman Wingate), 1907-1997Correspondence (50 items)1945-1983English
Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999Correspondence (13 items)1962-1971English
Reichstein, Tadeusz, 1897-1996Correspondence (50 items)1947-1954, 1964German
Rittenberg, David, 1906-1970Correspondence (21 items)1954-1966English
Rohm and Haas CompanyCorrespondence (11 items)1945-1953English
Runnstrom, John Axel Mauritz, 1888-1971Correspondence (102 items)1947-1971English
Saukkonen, Jussi J.Correspondence (64 items)1956-1968English
Schmidt, GerhardCorrespondence (81 items)1944-1976English
Slater, Donald W.Correspondence (4 items)1959, 1971English
Tamm, Christoph, 1923-Correspondence (1 folder)1950-1975German
Todd, Alexander R. (Alexander Robertus), 1907-1997Correspondence (26 items)1945-1957English
Upjohn CompanyCorrespondence (8 items)1947-1948English
Vendrely, RogerCorrespondence (11 items)1951-1971French
Viobin CorporationCorrespondence (15 items)1948, 1950English
Vischer, Ernst BenediktCorrespondence (100 items)1947-1971German
Wilkins, Maurice, 1916-2004Correspondence (18 items)1951-1954English

Series IIa. Grants:

AuthorFormatDateLanguage
Lilly Research LaboratoriesCorrespondence (19 items)1952-1955English
Office of Scientific Research and Development ( Investigations on rickettsia and typhus during the war years, 1942-1945.) Correspondence (12 folders)1942-1947English

Genetics Note

This collection contains materials which relate to the history of genetics.

AuthorFormatDate
American Association for the Advancement of ScienceCorrespondence (58 items)1949-1981
American Institute of Biological SciencesCorrespondence (23 items)1949-1958
Beadle, George WellsCorrespondence (4 items)1961, 1966
Biochimica et Biophysica ActaRecords (39 folders)1951-1972, 1981
Britain. Parliament Subcommittee on Genetic EngineeringCorrespondence (3 items)1979
previous hitChargaff, Erwin next hit -- BibliographiesManuscripts (2 folders)Circa 1930s - Circa 1970s
previous hitChargaff, Erwin next hit -- Research notesManuscripts (2.25 linear feet)1929-1951
Columbia UniversityRecords (14 folders)1941-1989
Ephrussi, BorisCorrespondence (10 items)1957-1965
Gamow, GeorgeCorrespondence (21 items)1954-1955
Judson, Horace FreelandCorrespondence (10 items)1976-1981
McClintock, BarbaraCorrespondence (2 items)1952
Medawar, Peter BrianCorrespondence (7 items)1978-1984
Medvedev, Zhores A.Correspondence (6 items)1964
National Academy of SciencesRecords (10 folders)1950, 1959-1985
National Academy of SciencesRecords (6 folders)1963-1976
Olby, Robert CecilCorrespondence (10 items)1967-1973
Pauling, LinusCorrespondence (10 items)1945-1972
Sonneborn, Tracy M.Correspondence (8 items)1959-1963
Union Carbide CorporationCorrespondence (4 folders)1945-1976

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Cancer Society.
  • American Chemical Society.
  • Columbia University.
  • National Academy of Sciences. (U.S.)
  • United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development
  • United States. Public Health Service.

Genre(s)

  • Laboratory notebooks
  • Photoprints

Personal Name(s)

  • Anderson, Rudolph J.
  • Barzun, Jacques, 1907-2012
  • Burris, Robert H. (Robert Harza), 1914-
  • Carter, Herbert E.
  • previous hitChargaff, Erwin next hit
  • Cohn, Waldo E.
  • Crick, Francis, 1916-2004
  • Davidson, J. N. (James Norman)
  • Doty, Paul
  • Edsall, John T., (John Tileston), 1902-2002
  • Gamow, George, 1904-1968
  • Hardin, Garrett James, 1915-2003
  • Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993
  • Lederberg, Joshua
  • Lederer, Edgar.
  • McClintock, Barbara, 1902-1992
  • Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994
  • Perutz, Max F.
  • Runnstrom, John.
  • Schmidt, Gerhard
  • Schmitt, Francis Ottom, 1903-
  • Stanacev, Nikola Z.
  • Straus, Werner
  • Waelsch, Heinrich B.
  • Wald, George
  • Watson, James D., 1928-

Subject(s)

  • Biochemistry.
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
  • DNA
  • Inositol
  • Lipoproteins
  • Nucleic acids
  • Nucleic acids--Structure
  • Phosphotransferases
  • Recombinant DNA
Collection overview
1931-1992 30 linear feet

Incoming and outgoing manuscript and typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Chargaff's career. The largest series in the collection, Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Chargaff), the name is indicated on the container list by using an indent under the folder title.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically.

Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III or IV as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Cross-references are also given for enclosed photographs, which have been removed to Series VI. The bulk of this series covers the 1940s to the 1970s. Correspondence regarding grants has been filed in Series IIa under the name of the granting agency.

Correspondents include biochemists, chemists, molecular biologists, students, publishers, and European colleagues. Among the topics covered in this series are: nucleic acids, recombinant DNA, denaturation of DNA, and blood clotting. There is a substantial amount of correspondence regarding the administration of Chargaff's research laboratories at Columbia University and at Roosevelt Hospital, his work as editor for the journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, and his affiliations with many scientific organizations, such as the National Academy of Sciences and the American Chemical Society. Also included is correspondence with various pharmaceutical companies, such as Hoffmann-LaRoche, Parke-Davis, Rohm and Haas, Upjohn, and Viobin, regarding research material. Because of Chargaff's frequent trips to Europe, there is a substantial amount of correspondence with his students about laboratory research taking place in his absence. For lists of these correspondents, see the cross-references on the folders of Emmy Bloch, Charlotte Green, and Elisabeth Van Vendeloo. For lists of correspondence related to recombinant DNA, see the cross-references on the folder labeled "Recombinant DNA" in Series IIb. Correspondence regarding Chargaff's work on the Advisory Council on Biology at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is filed under "Union Carbide Corporation." Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

  1. Anderson, Rudolph J.
  2. Anshen, Ruth Nanda
  3. Barzun, Jacques
  4. Bearn, Alexander G.
  5. Berg, Paul
  6. Bloch, Konrad
  7. Burris, Robert H.
  8. Calvin, Melvin
  9. Carter, Herbert E.
  10. Chagas, Carlos
  11. Cohn, Waldo E.
  12. Crick, Francis H.C.
  13. Davidson, J. Norman
  14. Doty, Paul
  15. Du Vignead, Vincent
  16. Edsall, John T.
  17. Fuller, Buckminster
  18. Gamow, George
  19. Hardin, Garrett
  20. Humphrey, Hubert H.
  21. Kennedy, Robert F.
  22. Khorana, Har Gobind
  23. Kirk, Grayson
  24. Kornberg, Arthur
  25. Kusch, Polykarp
  26. Lederberg, Joshua
  27. Lederer, Edgar
  28. Luck, J. Murray
  29. McCarty, Maclyn
  30. McClintock, Barbara
  31. Merton, Robert K.
  32. Ochoa, Severo
  33. Pauling, Linus
  34. Perutz, Max F.
  35. Prelog, Vladimir
  36. Runnström, John
  37. Schmidt, Gerhard
  38. Schmitt, Francis O.
  39. Smith, Emil L.
  40. Stanacev, Nikola Z.
  41. Straus, Werner
  42. Waelsch, Heinrich B.
  43. Wald, George
  44. Watson, James D.
  45. Weinberg, Alvin M.
1949-2002 5 boxes: 2.5 linear feet

Incoming and outgoing manuscript and typewritten letters, telegrams, emails and postcards generated primarily during the latter part of Chargaff's life, although there is correspondence from other years as well. These papers were kept separate from the original Series I because there is little overlap with Chargaff's correspondents in Series I. Series Ia is arranged identically to Series I except that (a) correspondents with less than five leaves are filed together in a general file under the letter of their last name, for example, "B - Miscellaneous," except for certain letters predating the 1987 accession which were kept in item level files; and (b) correspondence with correspondents having a file in the original Series I has been removed to those files. Correspondents during this period of Chargaff's life included artists, philosophers, and writers as well as individuals who responded to his writings against genetic engineering. Most of this series is written in German.

Significant correspondents in Series Ia include:

Hargattai, Istvan Hofer, Michael Kuehn, Simone Leistikow, Dr. K. U.

1930-1982 3.5 linear feet

Applications, reports, correspondence, and expenditure statements for various agencies which granted Chargaff research money for his laboratories at Columbia University and at Roosevelt Hospital. The folders are arranged alphabetically by title. The American Cancer Society, the Office of Scientific Research and Development, and the United States Public Health Service account for a significant portion of this series. The earliest item in this series is a 1930 report to the Carnegie Corporation.

1940-1984 1.5 linear feet

Programs, brochures, newspaper and magazine clippings (including some reviews of Chargaff's books), reports, meeting minutes, lists of books ordered by Chargaff (folder labeled "Books") and places visited by Chargaff (folder labeled "Travel"), various versions of Chargaff's curriculum vitae, trip itineraries, and material regarding laboratory administration. The largest portion of Series IIb deals with the National Academy of Science and mainly contains meeting minutes and reports. The folders are arranged alphabetically by title.

1946-2002 1 box: .25 linear feet

Clippings (including reviews of Chargaff's books, transcripts of radio and TV appearances, and newspaper and magazine clippings) and rental agreements. This series is arranged alphabetically by subject. Most of this series is in German.

1929-1989 15.5 linear feet

Chargaff's typewritten and handwritten outlines, preparatory notes, research, and drafts for articles, books, reviews, lectures, and tributes to colleagues. Also included for some works are galley proofs. For each work, the notes, drafts, and galley proofs are filed together. This series is arranged alphabetically by title. Chargaff assigned a number to almost every item of his extensive bibliography; these numbers, when available, have been marked in pencil in the upper left corner of each folder in Series III. A chronological list of Chargaff's works, complete with these numbers, is contained in Series III, in a folder marked "Bibliographies." Cross-references are given for photographs and reprints which appear in this series. The earliest materials in this series are galley proofs from 1929 for "Über die Katalytische Zersetzung Einiger Jodverbindungen" and "The Chemistry of the Lipoids of Tubercle Bacilli. V. Analysis of the Acetone-Soluble Fat." Many of the works are co-authored with students and colleagues. Articles which appeared in chapters in Voices in the Labyrinth: Dialogues Around the Study of Nature are filed separately by title. There are several series of articles, including "Studies on the Chemistry of Blood Coagulation" and "Studies on the Nucleotide Arrangement in Deoxyribonucleic Acids."

1923-2002 5 boxes: 2 linear feet

Typewritten and handwritten outlines and drafts, primarily for non-scientific works written by Chargaff during the last two decades of his life. This series is arranged alphabetically by work. Some unpublished works are included, including poetry and other essays from the 1920s. In addition, this series includes a partial card file for his bibliography (see Series III) as well as his annual datebooks from 1929-1999. Most of this series is in German.

1977-1999 2 boxes: .5 linear feet

Reprints of Chargaff's writings. This series includes Chargaff's collection of his reprints arranged in his bibliographic order and numbered in his handwriting (see Series III and IIIa.) The American Philosophical Society has numbers 1-321 of Chargaff's collection of his reprints in the library of the APS and numbers 322-459 are filed here under "Bibliographic Numbers" in numerical order. The rest of this series is arranged alphabetically by title. Copies of reprints for articles that were missing in the original APS library collection (numbers 1-322) that were deposited with the 2002 deposit have been removed from this series to the APS library. Some of this series is in German.

1929-1989 15.5 linear feet

Articles, notes, and papers written by colleagues and students of Chargaff. This series is arranged alphabetically by author and then by title. Authors with three or more manuscripts in this series include Waldo E. Cohn, David Elson, John N. Hawthorne, and John D. Karkas. Any works that Chargaff co-wrote with students and colleagues are filed in Series III alphabetically by title. Cross references are given for photographs which appear in this series.

1976-2002 1 box: .5 linear feet

Articles, drawings, and essays by correspondents and acquaintances of Chargaff during his later years. This series is arranged alphabetically by author. Some of this series is in German.

1929-1951 2.25 linear feet

Loose notes and notebooks which are arranged by folder title and include the subjects of nucleoproteins, blood coagulation, and phosphatides. Notebooks with no title have been marked "Unidentified" on the folder. Some notebooks have loose notes which are larger than the notebook pages. These notes were placed in folders and filed after each respective notebook. A photocopy of the first sheet of notes was placed at the appropriate notebook page with a cross reference. Similarly, photographs were removed to Series VI, and photocopies were placed in the notebooks with a cross reference. Chargaff assigned numbers to some of the notebooks; these numbers, when available, have been marked in the upper left corner of the folder.

1935-1977 1.75 linear feet

Prints, negatives, and slides. The majority of the prints are graphs and charts from articles about biochemistry, many from the journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. There are some prints of Chargaff giving lectures and receiving awards. These are filed as: "Bertner Foundation Lecture and Award"; "Brazil. Universidade Do Recife"; "previous hitChargaff, Erwin next hit"; "Florida State University"; "Middlebury College"; "Weizmann Institute"; and "Yugoslavia. Serbian Academy of Science in Belgrade."

1921-2002 11 boxes: 2 linear feet

Prints, negatives and slides. The majority of the prints are portraits of Chargaff or photographs of people, places or events. There are some at events where Chargaff is receiving awards, such as the National Medal of Science. Many of these photographs are of unidentified events and/or undated. These are arranged either as photographs of Chargaff, dated and undated, or photographs of people, places and events, also dated or undated. Because of the volume of these photographs, there are generally two boxes for each topic, one holding photographs in loose-leaf form, the other holding loose photographs in a box.

  3 boxes: .5 linear feet

Audiotapes, CDs, and videotapes, including many of Chargaff's television and radio appearances in Europe.

1958-2001 7 boxes: 4 linear feet

Awards, trophies, rosettes, and certificates, including the National Medal of Science.

1942-1985 3 boxes: 1.25 linear feet

Chargaff's lecture notes, including his Jesup Lectures at Columbia University as well as his speeches at professional conferences and awards ceremonies. This series is arranged alphabetically by lecture title. The lecture notes are primarily handwritten and, for the most part, are in English and German. Each provides not only the dates but also the locations where Chargaff gave each lecture.

[1880]-1985 1 box: .25 linear feet

Telegrams, letters, certificates, documents and other papers relating to Chargaff and his family, including several documents from pre-war Austria. This series is arranged in alphabetical order by name and then by subject. Most of this series is in German.



Detailed Inventory
Series I. Correspondence
1931-1992 30 linear feet

Incoming and outgoing manuscript and typescript letters, carbons, telegrams, and postcards generated during Chargaff's career. The largest series in the collection, Series I is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name and then chronologically within each folder. When a correspondence file includes letters to a third party (i.e., not Chargaff), the name is indicated on the container list by using an indent under the folder title.

Unidentified correspondence has been filed as "Unidentified" and is arranged chronologically.

Enclosed manuscripts have been removed from this series and placed in Series III or IV as appropriate. As with the reprints, a photocopy of the title page was filed with the original letter. Cross-references are also given for enclosed photographs, which have been removed to Series VI. The bulk of this series covers the 1940s to the 1970s. Correspondence regarding grants has been filed in Series IIa under the name of the granting agency.

Correspondents include biochemists, chemists, molecular biologists, students, publishers, and European colleagues. Among the topics covered in this series are: nucleic acids, recombinant DNA, denaturation of DNA, and blood clotting. There is a substantial amount of correspondence regarding the administration of Chargaff's research laboratories at Columbia University and at Roosevelt Hospital, his work as editor for the journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, and his affiliations with many scientific organizations, such as the National Academy of Sciences and the American Chemical Society. Also included is correspondence with various pharmaceutical companies, such as Hoffmann-LaRoche, Parke-Davis, Rohm and Haas, Upjohn, and Viobin, regarding research material. Because of Chargaff's frequent trips to Europe, there is a substantial amount of correspondence with his students about laboratory research taking place in his absence. For lists of these correspondents, see the cross-references on the folders of Emmy Bloch, Charlotte Green, and Elisabeth Van Vendeloo. For lists of correspondence related to recombinant DNA, see the cross-references on the folder labeled "Recombinant DNA" in Series IIb. Correspondence regarding Chargaff's work on the Advisory Council on Biology at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is filed under "Union Carbide Corporation." Letters of reference are filed under the name of the person who is the subject of the letter.

  1. Anderson, Rudolph J.
  2. Anshen, Ruth Nanda
  3. Barzun, Jacques
  4. Bearn, Alexander G.
  5. Berg, Paul
  6. Bloch, Konrad
  7. Burris, Robert H.
  8. Calvin, Melvin
  9. Carter, Herbert E.
  10. Chagas, Carlos
  11. Cohn, Waldo E.
  12. Crick, Francis H.C.
  13. Davidson, J. Norman
  14. Doty, Paul
  15. Du Vignead, Vincent
  16. Edsall, John T.
  17. Fuller, Buckminster
  18. Gamow, George
  19. Hardin, Garrett
  20. Humphrey, Hubert H.
  21. Kennedy, Robert F.
  22. Khorana, Har Gobind
  23. Kirk, Grayson
  24. Kornberg, Arthur
  25. Kusch, Polykarp
  26. Lederberg, Joshua
  27. Lederer, Edgar
  28. Luck, J. Murray
  29. McCarty, Maclyn
  30. McClintock, Barbara
  31. Merton, Robert K.
  32. Ochoa, Severo
  33. Pauling, Linus
  34. Perutz, Max F.
  35. Prelog, Vladimir
  36. Runnström, John
  37. Schmidt, Gerhard
  38. Schmitt, Francis O.
  39. Smith, Emil L.
  40. Stanacev, Nikola Z.
  41. Straus, Werner
  42. Waelsch, Heinrich B.
  43. Wald, George
  44. Watson, James D.
  45. Weinberg, Alvin M.

Abelin, I.
1952 Box 1

In German

Abelson, Philip H.
1965-1975 Box 1

See also Ser.I, Science

Abir-Am, Pnina
1977-1981 Box 1

See also Ser.I, Survey of Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Abrahams, D. Gordan
1952 Box 1
Abrams, Isabel S.
1976 Box 1
AC-Lab Equipment Company
1955 Box 1
Academic Press, Inc.
1943-1986 Box 1

Belozersky, A.N. Cohen, Seymour S. Chuvikov, Pavel Davidson, J. Norman Grassé, Pierre P. Gros, François Hoagland, Mahlon B. Holiday, Ensor R. Jacoby, Kurt Kahane, Ernest Khorana, Har Gobind Sadron, Charles Schlenk, Fritz Schuster, Heinz Stacey, M. Thorell, Bo See also Ser.I, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics See also Ser.I, Davidson, J. Norman See also Ser.I, Dounce, Alexander L. See also Ser.I, Experimental Cell Research See also Ser.I, Zamenhof, Stephen

Folder #1
1943-1953 Box 1
Folder #2
1954-1955 Box 1
Folder #3
1956-1960 Box 1
Folder #4
1961-1986 Box 1
Academy of Senior Professionals
1982 Box 1
Accounts of Chemical Research
1969-1973 Box 1
Acs, George
[1962] Box 1

See also Ser.I, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Acta Haematologica
1950, 1969 Box 1
Ada, G.L.
1956 Box 1
Adams, G.A.
1963 Box 1
Adams, Roger
1953 Box 1
Adekunle, A.A.
1965 Box 1
Adler, Frederick
1976 Box 1
Adlersberg, David
1951-1952, 1960 Box 1

Some in German

Adlersberg, Zina
1960 Box 1
Advances in Enzymology
1943-1944 Box 1

Nord, F.F.

Advances in Protein Chemistry
1943 Box 1

Edsall, John T.

Aeschlimann, J.A.
1951 Box 1

See also Ser.I, Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc.

Agaswal, Asun Kumar
1968 Box 1
Agnew, William
1971 Box 1
Ågren, Gunnar
1949, 1959 Box 1
Ahmad, Kamal
1977 Box 1
Ahrens, Edward H., Jr.
1951, 1960 Box 1
Ajl, Samuel J.
  Box 1

See Ser.I, National Foundation See Ser.I, National Science Foundation

Akabori, Shiro
1958 Box 1
Albany Medical College of Union University
1965 Box 1
Isaac Albert Research Institute
1961-1964 Box 1
Alborghetti, Anna Lombard
1955-1967 Box 1

some in Italian

Alexandrowicz, Z.
1970 Box 2
Alfert, Max
1962, 1985-1986 Box 2
Allen, Frank W.
1952-1960 Box 2

See also Ser.I, University of California

Allen, Henry W.
1962 Box 2
Allen, Robert F., Jr.
1982 Box 2
Ross Allen's Reptile Institute
1952, 1954 Box 2
Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation
1951 Box 2
Allison, James B.
1955 Box 2
Alonso, Margaret Barres
1974-1975 Box 2
Alpha Omega Alpha
1960 Box 2
Alrose Chemical Company
1951-1952 Box 2
Altman, Harold
1952 Box 2
Altmann, Franz
1948 Box 2
Aluminum Company of America
1949 Box 2
Amati, Pablo
1973 Box 2
Ambrose, John A.
1951, 1966 Box 2
Ambrose, Lee
1978-1979 Box 2

See also Ser.I, Columbia University.

Amend Drug and Chemical Company, Inc.
1952 Box 2
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1961-1979 Box 2

Edsall, John T. See also Ser.I, Daedalus See also Ser.IIb, American Academy of Arts and Sciences See also Oversized

American Association for Cancer Research, Inc.
1950 Box 2

See also Ser.IIa, American Cancer

American Association for the Advancement of Science
1949-1981 58.0 Item(s) Box 2

Behrens, Otto K. Brown, George B. Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz Schmidt, Gerhard Stern, Kurt G. Wyckoff, Ralph W.G. See also Ser.I, Ranzi, Silvio


Subject(s): American Association for the Advancement of Science; Biochemistry and organic chemistry; Conferences and symposia -- Gordon Conferences; Cytogenetics; Human genetics; Reviews

American Association of Clinical Chemists, Inc.
1956 Box 2
American Association of University Professors
1957-1958, 1973 Box 2
American Bar Association
1978 Box 2
American Cancer Society, Inc.
1959, 1961 Box 2

Busch, Harris See also Ser.IIa, American Cancer Society, Inc. See also Oversized

American Chemical Society
  Box 2

Beadle, George W. Brand, Erwin Dische, Zacharias Edsall, John T. Harte, Robert A. Jordan, D.O. Kream, Jacob Kunitz, Moses Loring, Hubert S. Mirsky, Alfred E. Schmidt, Gerhard Stanley, Wendell M. Todd, Alexander R. See also Ser.I, Cohn, Waldo E.

Folder #1
1941-1963 Box 2
Folder #2
1964-1985 Box 2
American Chemical Society Monographs
1970-1972 Box 2

Engel, Lewis L. Fox, Sidney W. Sprinson, David B.

American Council on Education
1964, 1966 Box 2
American Cyanamid Company
1942-1959 Box 2
American Foundation Studies in Government
[195-] Box 2
American Heart Association, Inc.
1954 Box 2

See also Ser.IIa, American Heart

American Institute of Biological Sciences
1949-1958 23.0 Item(s) Box 2

Cohn, Waldo E. Heidelberger, Michael


Subject(s): American Institute of Biological Sciences; Biochemistry and organic chemistry; Committee activities; Conferences and symposia; Publication; Travel -- Invitations, arrangements

American Institute of Chemists
1968 Box 2
American Instrument Company, Inc.
1952 Box 2
American Journal of Human Genetics
1979 Box 2
American Lecithin Company, Inc.
1952-1957 Box 2
American Men of Science
1953-1971 Box 2

Cattell, Jaques

American Optical Company
1950 Box 2
American Philosophical Society
1973-1976 Box 2
American Psychosomatic Society
1960 Box 2
American Society for Cell Biology
1963-1967 Box 3

Novikoff, Alex B.

American Society for International Scientific Relations
1963 Box 3
American Society for Microbiology
1973-1974 Box 3
American Society for Technion
1965 Box 3
American Society of Biological Chemists, Inc.
1945-1975 Box 3

Brown, George B. Burris, Robert H. Cohen, Philip P. Cohn, Waldo E. Greenberg, David M. Gurin, Samuel Harte, Robert A. Stotz, Elmer H.

American Society of European Chemists and Pharmacists
1943-1958 Box 3
American Type Culture Collection
1949-1955 Box 3
Ames, Bruce N.
1979-1980 Box 3
Aminoff, David
1954-1957 Box 3

See also Ser.I, Morgan, W.T.J.

Amstutz, G.C.
1973 Box 3
Analytical Biochemistry
1965-1973 Box 3
Analytical Chemistry
1952, 1954 Box 3
Anand, S.R.
1964 Box 3
Anderson, Dorothy H.
1957 Box 3
Anderson, Laurens
1952, 1955 Box 3
Anderson, Porter, Jr.
1968 Box 3
Anderson, Rudolph J.
1943-1961 Box 3

See also Ser.I, The Journal of Biological

Ando, T.
1958 Box 3
Andoh, Mitsuko
1963-1964 Box 3
Andoh, Toshiwo
1962-1968 Box 3
Andrejew, A.
1951 Box 3
Anfinsen, Christian B., Jr.
1953, 1958 Box 3

See also Ser.I, United States Public Health

H. Reeve Angel and Company
1949-1952, 1957 Box 3
Angyal, S.J.
1953, 1955 Box 3
Animal Behavior Enterprises
1958 Box 3
Anker, Herbert S.
1969-1970 Box 3
Annual Review of Biochemistry
1947-1948 Box 3

Luck, J. Murray

Annual Review of Microbiology
1947 Box 3
Annual Reviews, Inc.
1942-1979 Box 3

Drabkin, David L. Luck, J. Murray

Anshen, Ruth Nanda
1971-1983 Box 3

See also Ser.I, Conference on Personal Freedom in an Era of Social Engineering See also Ser.I, Doubleday and Company, Inc. See also Ser.I, Seabury Press, Inc. See also Ser.I, World Perspectives

Anson, M.L.
1954 Box 3
Antonov, Andrew S.
1975-1983 Box 3
Aposhian, H. Vasken
1974 Box 3
Appels, R.
1977 Box 3
Appleman, Philip
1978 Box 3
Apsell, Paula S.
1976 Box 3
Archimowicz, Tanya
1964 Box 3
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
1947-1965 Box 3

Nord, F.F.

Arfderherde, Andy
[198-] Box 3
Armed Forces Medical Library
1956 Box 4
Armour and Company
1949, 1955-1957 Box 4
Armstrong, S. Howard, Jr.
1942 Box 4
Army Medical School
1942-1944 Box 4

Smadel, Joseph E.

Arnold, T.E.
1971 Box 4
Arnon, Daniel I.
1970 Box 4
Arnow, Peter
1953 Box 4
Aronson, Joseph D.
1955 Box 4
Artom, Camillo
1957, 1964 Box 4
Asano, Tohoru
1963 Box 4
Ash, Adrienne
1975 Box 4
Ashida, Joji
1958 Box 4
Asselbergs, Pieter
1980 Box 4
Associated Concentrates, Inc.
1950 Box 4
Association of the Bar of the City of New York
1977 Box 4
Astbury, W.T.
1951-1955, 1961 Box 4
Astra
1947 Box 4
Atanasoff, D.
1968, 1974 Box 4
Atlas Powder Company
1951-1952 Box 4
Atoms for Peace Awards, Inc.
1967-1968 Box 4
Atsaves, Penelope
1953 Box 4
Atwood, Kimball C.
1951 Box 4
Auer, Henry E.
1970 Box 4
Auerbach, C.
1968 Box 4
August, J. Thomas
1971 Box 4
Australia. Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations
1949 Box 4
Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Inc.
1978-1979 Box 4
Austrian Consulate General
1962 Box 4

In German

Aviado, Domingo M.
1952 Box 4
Ayad, S.R.
[1970?] Box 4
Ayala Gonzalez, Abraham
1945 Box 4
Bacard, André
1980 Box 4
Bach, Michael K.
1963 Box 4
Bachop, William
1976 Box 4
Baddiley, J.
1953 Box 4

See also Ser.I, Davidson, J. Norman

Baer, Adela S.
1969 Box 4
Baer, Erich
1952-1964 Box 4

See also Ser.I, Watson, R.W.

Bahadur, Krishna
1966-1969 Box 4
Baillaud, Lucien
1967 Box 4

Some in French

Baird, Ida
1979 Box 4
Bakay, Bohdan
1959 Box 4
Bales, James D.
1969 Box 4
Ballou, Clinton E.
1954 Box 4
Bancroft, Frederic W.
1936, n.d. Box 4
Bank, Arthur
1970 Box 4
Bard, Jonathan
1971 Box 4
Bareikis, Robert P.
1979 Box 4

Some in German

Bargetzi, Jean Pierre
1969 Box 4
Barker, G.R.
1947 Box 4
Barkley, T.M.
1971 Box 4
Barnes, Richard H.
1956 Box 4

See also Ser.I, Sharp and Dohme

Barney, L.D.
1945 Box 4
Baron, D.N.
1964 Box 4
Barr, David P.
1954 Box 4
Barr, Donald (Mrs.)
1963 Box 4
Barrett, Leonard
1980 Box 4
Barrionueve, Martha
1958 Box 4
Barron, E.S. Guzman
1951 Box 4
Barrymore, Edith R.
1962 Box 4
Barzun, Jacques
1958-1978 Box 4

Rittenberg, David See also Ser.I, Columbia University. Forum

Bashey, Reza Ismail
1959-1960 Box 4
Bastrup-Madesen, Poul
1952 Box 4
Basu, Samarendra
1966 Box 4
Bateman, J.B.
1953 Box 4
Bates, Griffin M.
1979 Box 4
Bates, Harold M.
1961 Box 4
Bates, Richard
1971 Box 4
Batra, S.P.
1982 Box 4
Battersby, Roy
1968 Box 4

See also Ser.I, British Broadcasting

Baulieu, Etienne
1965 Box 4

Some in French

Baxi, Arvind Jayantilal
1958 Box 4
Baylor College of Medicine
1975-1976 Box 4
Beadle, George W.
1961, 1966 4.0 Item(s) Box 4

See also Ser.I, American Chemical Society


Subject(s): Biochemistry and organic chemistry; Congratulations, greetings, thanks; Ephrussi, Boris; Human genetics

Beard, Joseph W.
1972 Box 4
Bearn, Alexander G.
1977, 1979 Box 4
Beck, A.
1953 Box 4
Beck, Jay V.
1949 Box 4
Becker, M.J.
1963 Box 4
Becking, G.C.
1961 Box 4
Beckman Instruments, Inc.
1952-1976 Box 4
Beerman, W.
1969 Box 5

Some in German

Behre, Charles H., Jr.
1957 Box 5
Behrens, Otto K.
1952-1965 Box 5

See also Ser.I, American Association for the Advancement of Science See also Ser.IIa, Lilly Research Laboratories

Beljanski, Mirko
1970-1979 Box 5

Some in French See also Ser.I, Proceedings of the National

Belkhode, Madhukar Laxman
1964 Box 5
Bellin, Judith S.
1976 Box 5
Bellomy, W. Dexter
1949 Box 5
Belozersky, A.N.
1957-1973 Box 5

Some in Russian See also Ser.I, Academic Press, Inc.

BeMiller, J.N.
1970 Box 5
Bendich, Aaron
1940-1980 Box 5
Benesch, Andrew
1979 Box 5
Benesch, Reinhold
1962-1986 Box 5

Benesch, Ruth E.

Benesch, Ruth E.
[1963] Box 5

See also Ser.I, Benesch, Reinhold See also Ser.I, Cohn, Waldo E.

Bengelsdorf, Irving S.
1969 Box 5
Benitez, Helena H.
1953-1957 Box 5

See also Ser.I, Gloor, H.

Benjamin, William
1966-1968 Box 5
Bennett, H. Stanley
1949, 1953 Box 5
Benoit, Jacques
1971 Box 5

In French

Berenblum, I.
1950-1952 Box 5
Berg, Nils O.
1951 Box 5
Berg, Paul
1958 Box 5
Bergen, Gilbert
1971 Box 5
Berger, David A.
1979 Box 5
Berger, G.M.B.
1963 Box 5
Berger, Jeff
1973 Box 5
Berger, Magda
1954 Box 5
Berger, Richard G.
1978 Box 5
Bergmann, David
1949 Box 5
Bergmann, Ernst D.
1947-1952 Box 5

See also Ser.I, Morgan, W.T.J.

Bergmann, Felix
1951-1953 Box 5
Bergmann, Werner
1951-1954 Box 5
Bergold, G.H.
1958 Box 5
Bergquist, Lois M.
1978 Box 5
Bergstermann, H.
1952 Box 5
Berk, Evelyn
1961 Box 5
Berkes, Ivan
1955 Box 5
Berne, Robert M.
1955 Box 5
Bernhard, Karl
1945-1949, 1964 Box 5

In German

Bernheimer, Alan W.
1948-1949 Box 5
Bernheimer, Jean
1959 Box 5
Bernstein, Maurice H.
1954 Box 5
Bernstein, Robert
1979 Box 5
Berrill, John
1976 Box 5
Bers, Lipman
1967, 1970 Box 5
Bersohn, Richard
1969 Box 5
Berson, Solomon A. (Mrs.)
1971, 1981 Box 5
Bersworth Chemical Company
1953-1954 Box 5
Bertin, Thelma
1965 Box 5
Best, Charles H.
1950-1954 Box 5
Beth, Kurt
1969 Box 5

In German

Bettmann, Otto L.
1980 Box 5
Beychok, Sherman
1962-1966 Box 5
Bhaktivedanta Institute
1979-1980 Box 5
Bhargava, P.M.
1963-1964 Box 5
Bhattacharya, Kshirod Ranjan
1962 Box 5
Bhattacharyya, Jit R.
1970 Box 5
Bheemeswar, B.
1949-1952 Box 5
Billimoria, J.D.
1964 Box 5
Billing, Barbara H.
1951 Box 5
Binnie, Barbara
1959-1960 Box 5
Biochemical Genetics
1970 Box 5
Biochemical Society
1950-1981 Box 5

Davidson, J. Norman

Biochemistry
1961-1975 Box 6

Neurath, Hans

Biochemists Club
1952 Box 6
Biochimica e Biologia Sperimentale
1961 Box 6
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
1951-1972, 1981 39 folders Box 6 to 12

Cohn, Waldo E., 1958 Gaade, W. Lauffer, Max A., 1963 Morgan, J.F. Ochoa, Severo, 1955 See also Ser.I, Nakada, Daisure See also Ser.I, Van Lancker, Julian


Subject(s): Biochemistry and organic chemistry; Editorial matters -- Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; Publication -- Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

Folder #1
1951-Aug. 1955 Box 6
Folder #2
Sep.1955-May 1956 Box 6
Folder #3
Jun.-Dec. 1956 Box 6
Folder #4
Jan.-May 1957 Box 6
Folder #5
Jun.-Dec. 1957 Box 6
Folder #6
Jan.-May 1958 Box 7
Folder #7
Jun.-Dec. 1958 Box 7
Folder #8
1959 Box 7
Folder #9
Jan.-Apr. 1960 Box 7
Folder #10
May-20 Jun. 1960 Box 7
Folder #11
Jun.-Jul. 1960 Box 7
Folder #12
Sep. 1960 Box 8
Folder #13
Oct. 1960 Box 8
Folder #14
Nov. 1960 Box 8
Folder #15
Dec. 1960 Box 8
Folder #16
1961 Box 8
Folder #17
Jan.-Feb. 1962 Box 8
Folder #18
Mar. 1962 Box 8
Folder #19
Apr.-May 1962 Box 9
Folder #20
Jun.-Aug. 1962 Box 9
Folder #21
Sep. 1962 Box 9
Folder #22
Oct.-7 Nov. 1962 Box 9
Folder #23
9-30 Nov. 1962 Box 9
Folder #24
Dec. 1962 Box 9
Folder #25
Jan.-8 Mar. 1963 Box 9
Folder #26
12 Mar.-May 1963 Box 10
Folder #27
Jun.-11 Oct. 1963 Box 10
Folder #28
17 Oct.-Dec. 1963 Box 10
Folder #29
Jan. 1964 Box 10
Folder #30
Mar. 1964 Box 10
Folder #31
Apr. 1964 Box 10
Folder #32
May-Sep. 1964 Box 11
Folder #33
Oct.-Nov. 1964 Box 11
Folder #34
Dec. 1964-Mar. 1965 Box 12
Folder #35
Apr. 1965-Dec. 1965 Box 12
Folder #36
1966 Box 12
Folder #37
1967 Box 12
Folder #38
1968-Mar. 1969 Box 12
Folder #39
Apr. 1969-1972, 1981 Box 12
Bioessays
1984-1985 Box 12

Whelan, W.J.

Bioorganic Chemistry
1970 Box 12
Biopolymers
1964 Box 12
Bios Laboratories, Inc.
1957 Box 12
Biosciences Communications
1975 Box 12
Birkhäuser Verlag
1984-1985 Box 12
Birsten, Vera
1946-1947 Box 12
Biswas, Birendra N.
1957-1959 Box 12
Black, Donald Norman
1963-1972, 1984 Box 12

See also Ser.I, Van Vendeloo, Elisabeth

Blake, Charles H.
1976 Box 12
Blake, Murray
1969 Box 12
Blanchet-Hirst, Suzanne
1975 Box 12
Blankenship, L. Vaughn
1966 Box 12
Blazsek, Vladimir
1957 Box 12

In German

Blecher, Saul A.
1983 Box 12
Blix, Gunnar
1955 Box 12
Blobel, Gunther
1980 Box 13
Bloch, Emmy
1951-1958, 1982 Box 13

Brawerman, George Crampton, Charles F. Elson, David Franzl, Robert E. Garrigan, Owen W. Goodman, Fred Hawthorne, John Nigel Hodes, Marion Edward Horowitz, Jack Lipshitz, Rakoma Mezzapelle, Dominic M. Murray, Margaret R. Rosenberg, Abraham Saukkonen, Jussi J. Schulman, Herbert Michael Shapiro, Herman S. Shigeura, Harold T. Taborda, Armando Taborda, Laura See also Ser.I, Elson, David See also Ser.I, Horowitz, Jack

Bloch, Herbert O.
1980 Box 13
Bloch, Hubert
1955, 1957, 1969 Box 13

Some in German

Bloch, Konrad
1950, 1964, 1970, 1983 Box 13

See also Ser.I, National Academy of

Frank H. Blodgett, Inc.
1957 Box 13
Bloomfield, Victor
1979 Box 13
Bloor, W.R.
1950 Box 13
Blue Book
1970-1972 Box 13
Blum, Jaime
[196-] Box 13
Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc.
1964-1966 Box 13

See also Ser.I, Experientia

Bock, Kathe
1962 Box 13

Some in German

Boehringer, C. F. and Soehne
1957 Box 13
Boehringer Ingelheim
1981-1982 Box 13
Boelsma, E.
1973 Box 13

See also Ser.I, Elsevier Publishing

Boeri, Enzo
1960 Box 13
Boffey, Philip M.
1971 Box 13
Bogaty, Nina
1971 Box 13
Bohinski, Robert C.
1981 Box 13
Bokon Productions
1981 Box 13
Bollum, Frederick J.
1964-1974 Box 13

See also Ser.I, Union Carbide Corporation

Bonaparte, Robert L.
1979 Box 13
Bondi, Alfred
1949-1966 Box 13

Some in German

Bonner, James
1955 Box 13
Bonventre, Peter F.
1971 Box 13
Bookchin, Robert M.
1981 Box 13
Boquet,
1941? Box 13

In French

Borun, Thaddeus W.
1967 Box 13
Boström, Harry
1953 Box 13
Boulakia, Fabien Cohen
1957 Box 13

Some in French

Bourgoin, D.
1963 Box 13
Bower, Raymond K.
1976 Box 13
Boxer, George E.
1964 Box 13

See also Ser.I, Merck Sharp and Dohme

Boyar-Manstein, Marial
1950 Box 13
Boyd, William C.
1949 Box 13
Boyer, Herbert
1976 Box 13
Boyland, E.
1964 Box 13
Brachet, Jean
1949-1964, 1974 Box 13

Some in French See also Ser.I, Davidson, J. Norman See also Ser.I, Pollister, Arthur W.

Brada, Zbynek
1953-1954 Box 13
Bramwell, Michael E.
1960 Box 13
Brand, Erwin
1949, 1952 Box 13

See also Ser.I, American Chemical Society See also Ser.I, J.S. Canner and Company, Inc. See also Ser.I, Menaker, Walter

Brand, Florence
1953 Box 13
Brandeis University
1964 Box 13

Kaplan, Nathan O.

Brandt, Ira K.
1960 Box 13
Bransome, Edwin D., Jr.
1960-1971 Box 13

Cohn, Waldo E. Hendry, Lawrence B. Karkas, John D., 1963 Rüst, Peter, 1963 See also Ser.I, Hendry, Lawrence B. See also Ser.I, Sigma Chemical Company

Brante, Gunnar
1959 Box 13
Brattgård, Sven-Olof
1952 Box 13
Braun, Armin C.
  Box 13

See Ser.I, Proceedings of the National

Braun, Richard
1965 Box 13

Some in German

Braun, Roberto
1966-1967 Box 13

In German

Braun, Werner
1961-1962 Box 13
Braunitzer, Gerhard
1948-1961 Box 13

Some in German

Brauns, F.E.
1952 Box 13
Braunstein, Aleksander E.
1982 Box 13
Braverman, Albert S.
  Box 13

See Ser.I, Committee to Defend the

Brawerman, George
1951-1976 Box 14

The Journal of Biological Chemistry Lipshitz, Rakoma, 1958 Loeb, Marilyn R. Rosenberg, Abraham, 1958 Shigeura, Harold T., 1957 See also Ser.I, Bloch, Emmy See also Ser.I, Elson, David See also Ser.I, The Journal of Biological Chemistry See also Ser.I, Shapiro, Herman S.

Breiden, Franz
1952 Box 14

In German

Breena, Robert L., Jr.
1977 Box 14
Brett-Crowther, Michael R.
1978 Box 14
Breuer, Heinz
1973 Box 14
C.A. Brinkmann and Company
1953-1954 Box 14
Briscoe, Anne
1972 Box 14
Bristol-Myers Company
1967 Box 14
Britain. Parliament Subcommittee on Genetic Engineering
1979 3.0 Item(s) Box 14

Subject(s): Committee activities; Ethical issues; Genetics; Medical research; Political issues

British Broadcasting Corporation
1967, 1976-1977 Box 14

Battersby, Roy

British Columbia Academy of Sciences
1960 Box 14
Brito da Cunha, A.
1977 Box 14
Broda, E.
1958 Box 14

In German

Brodie, Arnold F.
1970 Box 14
Brody, Sam
1953 Box 14
Brookhaven National Laboratory
1950-1967 Box 14
Brooklyn College
1976 Box 14

See also Ser.I, New York Public Interest

Brown, D.M.
1954 Box 14
Brown, David H.
1951 Box 14
Brown, Geoffrey L.
1953, 1955 Box 14
Brown, George B.
1952-1959, 1978 Box 14

Davidson, J. Norman Journal of the American Chemical Society See also Ser.I, American Association for the Advancement of Science See also Ser.I, American Society of Biological Chemists, Inc. See also Ser.I, Cohn, Edwin J. See also Ser.I, Davidson, J. Norman See also Ser.I, International Congress of Biochemistry See also Ser.I, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research

Brown, J.B.
1963 Box 14

See also Ser.I, McCluer, Robert H.

Brown, Jeanette S.
1968 Box 14
Brown, W. Ted
1976 Box 14
Brunn, John
1971 Box 14
Brunngraber, Elinor Flora
1962-1979 Box 14

Goldberg, Richard Hogenkamp, H.P.C. Lin, Hsiang Ju, 1963 Türler, Hans, 1963 See also Ser.I, Karkas, John D.

Bryden, Darren
1981 Box 14
Buchanan, John M.
1965 Box 14
Buchowicz, Jerzy
1962-1979 Box 14
Bugnard, Louis
1965 Box 14

Some in French

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
1952-1953 Box 14
Bunch, Stuart L.
1962 Box 14
Bunton, C.A.
1972 Box 14
Burch, P.R.J.
1973 Box 14
Burdick, Carol
1978 Box 14
Burger, Charles L.
1971 Box 14
Burgi, Elizabeth
1958 Box 14
Burke, Derek
1954 Box 14
Burkhardt, Hans-Joachim
1958 Box 14

Some in German

Burr, George O.
1958 Box 14
Burris, Robert H.
1955-1956, 1965 Box 14

See also Ser.I, American Society of

Burton, Kenneth
1958-1964 Box 14
Busch, Harris
1976 Box 14

See also Ser.I, American Cancer Society,

Butler, J. A. V.
1951-1952, 1957 Box 14

See also Ser.I, Faraday Society

Buzzati-Traverso, A. A.
1963 Box 14

See also Ser.I, International Laboratory of Genetics and Biophysics See also Oversized

Byrns, Arthur G.
1949 Box 14
Cabib, Enrico
1955 Box 14
Caianiello, E.R.
1961 Box 14
Cajano, Antonio
1961 Box 14
Calcutta University
1961-1962 Box 14
California Foundation for Biochemical Research
1954-1958 Box 14
Calingaert, George
1951 Box 14
Calvin, Melvin
1961 Box 14
Cambridge City Council
1976 Box 15
Cambridge University Press
1955, 1959, 1961 Box 15
Cameron, Ewen
1959, 1965 Box 15
Canada. National Research Council
1964 Box 15
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
1975-1977 Box 15
Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
1968 Box 15
Canadian Journal of Chemistry
1958-1960 Box 15
Cancer Research
1965 Box 15
Canella, Mario F.
1978 Box 15
Cantino, Edward C.
1981 Box 15
Cantoni, Giulio L.
1963, 1969 Box 15
Cantor, Charles A.
1969 Box 15

Dowben, Robert M.

Capps, Richard B.
1954 Box 15
Carey, Hugh
1978 Box 15
Carlson, A.J.
1959 Box 15
Carnegie Institution
1945, 1950, 1961 Box 15
Carpenter, D.C.
1950 Box 15
Carr, Donald E.
1971 Box 15
Carruthers, C.
1949 Box 15
Carson, Stan
1964 Box 15
Carter, Charles Edward
1949-1950, 1957 Box 15
Carter, Herbert E.
1943-1954, 1957 Box 15

See also Ser.I, National Academy of Sciences See also Ser.I, National Research Council See also Ser.I, National Science Foundation See also Ser.I, Woolley, D.W.

Carter, Richard B.
1970 Box 15
Fred S. Carver, Inc.
1947 Box 15
Casler, Erika
1965 Box 15
Cassuto, A.
1967 Box 15

In French

Cassuto, Era
1967-1970 Box 15

Some in French

Castaneda, M. Ruiz
1945 Box 15
Cataphote Corporation
1954 Box 15
Catchpole, Hubert R.
1980 Box 15
Catherwood, Paul D.
1971 Box 15
Cattell, Jaques
  Box 15

See Ser.I, American Men of Science See Ser.I, Science

Cavalieri, Barbara
1979 Box 15
Cavalieri, Liebe F.
1967-1985 Box 15

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences See also Ser.I, Center for Responsible Technology See also Ser.I, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Center for Responsible Technology
1983 Box 15

Cavalieri, Liebe F.

Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions
1963 Box 15
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
1947-1948 Box 15

Some in French

Chad, S.R.
1978 Box 15
Chagas, Carlos
1962 Box 15
Chain, E.
1949-1950 Box 15
Chaix, R.
1952 Box 15

In French

Chalfan, David
1979 Box 15
Chambers, Jack A.
1960, 1964, 1970 Box 15
Chambers, Leslie A.
1944 Box 15
Chambers, Robert
1947 Box 15
Chambers, Robin
1982 Box 15
Chambers, Zoya
1950 Box 15
Chan, Lai-Man
1970 Box 15
Chandler, Bruce F.
1978 Box 15
Chang, Mike S.H.
1974 Box 15
Chang, Sing-Hsiung
1971-1974 Box 15
Chantrenne, H.
1964 Box 15