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Abstract

During the half century leading up to the Second World War, Franz Boas helped to define academic anthropology in the United States. Trained as a geographer at the University of Heidelberg, Boas worked initially on the Inuit of Baffin Island and subsequently on the cultures of the Indians of the Northwest Pacific Coast, becoming a leading figure in American anthropology by the first decade of the twentieth century. As Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, Boas made significant theoretical contributions to ethnology, linguistics, and physical anthropology, helping to ingrain the four fields approach in his discipline and introducing the concept of cultural relativism into wide currency. He was, as well, a committed Socialist and an ardent opponent of both racism and fascism.

The Boas Professional Papers contain a diverse assemblage of professional correspondence, family letters, and diaries, with a valuable series of essays and lectures by Boas on both professional and political topics (democracy, race, etc.).

Background note

Born in Minden, Germany, on July 8, 1858, the anthropologist Franz Boas was the son of the merchant Meier Boas and his wife, Sophie Meyer. Raised in the radical and tradition of German Judaism, Franz's youth was steeped in politically liberal beliefs and a largely secular outlook that he carried with him from university through his emigration to the United States.

At the universities of Heidelberg and Bonn, Boas studied physics and geography before completing a doctorate in physical geography at Kiel in 1881. Intending on testing then-current theories of environmental determinism, he signed on to an anthropological expedition to Baffin Island in 1883-1884, expecting that he would document the close adaptative fit of Central Eskimo cultures to their extreme climate. His experiences in the arctic, however, led him to the contrary conclusion: that social traditions, not environmental, exerted a dominant influence over human societies, and from this point onward, he was led to pursue the cultural over than physical dimensions of humanity.

Although he returned to Berlin after the expedition, Boas emigrated to the United States in 1885 to assume an editorial position with the journal Science, hoping to use it as a stepping-stone to an academic appointment. In 1886, he embarked upon a second major field excursion into what would become his most famous ethnographic project, working among the Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw) Indians of the Northwest Coast, after which he secured his first academic position in 1889, at Clark University in Worcester, Mass. After three years at Clark and a failed appointment at the Field Museum in Chicago in 1892 (during which he played a part in organizing the anthropological exhibits for the Columbian World's Fair), Boas moved to New York City.

The restless activity of Boas's early years slowed in New York. Hired by the American Museum of Natural History (1895-1905), which became the recipient of the amazingly rich anthropological collections he accumulated on the Northwest Coast, Boas began to teach classes at Columbia University in 1896, where three years later he was appointed Professor of Anthropology. For the next 37 years, Boas ruled the anthropological roost at Columbia, accruing unprecedented power in his discipline, wielding grants, recommendations, and appointments with remarkable dexterity, and collecting about him a remarkable group of younger scholars as students and colleagues.

Distancing himself from some of the main currents of contemporary anthropological thought in the United States, and particularly from the evolutionist assumptions that riddled the discipline, Boas championed an anthropology that viewed human cultures as shaped more by historical "tradition" than biological propensity. Claiming to resist any overarching, synthetic theories of human relations, and particularly evolutionary theories of sociocultural development, Boas laid the theoretical groundwork for what became modern cultural relativism. In the process, he helped to clarify the demarcation between the concepts of culture and race and its expression in the divergence of the four fields in anthropology -- linguistics, ethnography, physical anthropology, and archaeology.

Boas's relatively few forays into physical anthropology included a pioneering anthropometric study in 1910-1911, demonstrating that the alleged mental and physical inferiority of immigrants disappeared statistically by the second generation. Opposed to immigration quotas and disdainful of the claims to science used to justify them, Boas was a consistent, strident opponent of racial determinism in intellect or behavior. A committed, politically active Socialist, he was frequently an outspoken critic of American policy. During the First World War, he spoke out against the treatment of German Americans and "enemy aliens" -- to the point of putting himself at risk -- and the rise of the Nazi party in Germany proved an even greater crusade. Despite his age, Boas took an active role in the anti-fascist struggle in the United States and was involved with numerous committees to assist refugee scholars. He was equally ardent in his efforts to criticize racial and ethnic bigotry in the United States.

As a mentor, Boas had a reputation of being directive, at times overbearing, and at the same time of doing too little to prepare his students for the rigors of fieldwork. The extraordinary number of students coming out of Columbia under his care, however, has arguably done as much to extend the Boasian approach than Boas's own writing. Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Elsie Clews Parsons, Alfred Kroeber, Frank Speck, Edward Sapir, Zora Neale Hurston, Ella Deloria, Melville Herskovits, Leslie Spier, Paul Radin, and Ashley Montagu are all students of Boas. Many continued in the same intellectual stream, some diverged, yet all bore traces of Boas's influence. He left a mark as well on the institutions of the discipline, as one of the founders of the American Anthropological Association and of the International Journal of American Linguistics.

Scope and content

The Boas Professional Papers contain a diverse assemblage of professional correspondence, family letters, and diaries, with a valuable series of essays and lectures by Boas on both professional and political topics (democracy, race, etc.). Of particular note are his Clark University lectures of 1898 and extensive data from his 1883-1884 expedition to Baffin Island to study cultural adaptation among the Inuit. The collection includes a diary, maps, photographs (a few here, supplemented by others in the main Boas Photograph collection), a sketchbook and sketches. It also includes valuable material on Boas's research on the Kwakiutl, including ethnographic texts, linguistic data, and extensive correspondence with George Hunt. Boas's work with the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom (1940-1942) is well documented in the collection, as are his interests in the American Council of Learned Societies and its Committee on Native American Languages, Columbia University, and U.S. v. Tatos Cartozian, an interesting Armenian naturalization case of 1924-1925.

The 4.5 linear feet of correspondence from Boas in the collection is comprised primarily of letters to his family from the 1860s until his death in 1942, along with diaries for 1886, 1888, 1889. There are, as well, related Boas family letters and documents, extensive correspondence with Ernst Boas, 1898-1937 (including reminiscences of his father), and an 1880 diary kept by Boas' wife, Marie.

Collection information

Provenance

Gift of Helene Boas Yampolsky, 1961-1962; and Cecil Yampolsky, 1964.

Preferred citation

Cite as: Franz Boas Professional Papers, American Philosophical Society.

Processing information

Inventory compiled by Selma Rabinowitz, Library Receptionist and Volunteer, November 1994.

Alternate formats available

Some diaries and notebooks have been microfilmed (film 1445).

General physical description

12.5 lin. feet

Related material

The American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, Franz Boas Collection of Materials for American Linguistics ( Mss 497.3.B63c) is a large collection of primary materials on Native American languages assembled, in part, under Boas's supervision, and including a large quantity of material written by Boas himself.

Boas appears as a correspondent in numerous APS collections, and in addition to its rich collections for the history of anthropology, the library houses the papers of several of Boas's former students and proteges, including Frank Speck ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 126), Elsie Clews Parsons ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 29), John Alden Mason ( Mss. B M384), Paul Radin ( Mss. 497.3 R114), and Ashley Montagu ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 109).

The APS also houses a microfilm (372.3, reel 1) of original materials in the Office of Anthropology Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., relating to Boas's trips to Baffin Island (N.W.T.) and British Columbia, during which he studied and collected cultural materials, 1885-1909.

The papers of Boas's son Ernst Boas ( Mss. Ms. Coll. 10) are housed at the APS. A physician, Ernst Boas shared his father's liberal political outlook and activist social views.

Other Franz Boas Collections
Franz Boas Papers, 1862-1942 (Mss B B61) View Collection
Boas Family Papers, 1862-1942 (Mss B B61f) View Collection
Boas-Rukeyser Collection, 1869-1940 (Mss B B61ru) View Collection
Franz Boas field notebooks and anthropometric data, ca. 1883-1912 (Mss B B61.5) View Collection

Bibliography

Rohner, Ronald P., ed., The Ethnography of Franz Boas: Letters and Diaries of Franz Boas, Written on the Northwest Coast from 1886 to 1931 (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1969). Call no.: B B61e.r

Stocking, George, ed., The Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883-1911: A Franz Boas Reader (N.Y.: Basic Books, 1974). Call no.: 572.081 B63s

Cole, Douglas, Franz Boas: The Early Years, 1859-1906 (Seattle: Univ. of Washington, 1999).

Boas, Franz, The Mind of Primitive Man (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1911). Call no.: 572 B63m

Boas, Franz, Ethnology of the Kwakiutl (Washington, D.C.:Government Printing Office, 1921). Call no.: 572.97 B63e

Boas, Franz, Primitive Art (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1927). Call no.: 571.7 B63p

Boas, Franz, ed., General Anthropology (Boston: D.C. Heath, 1938). Call no.: 572 B63g.r

Boas, Franz, Race, Language and Culture (N.Y.: MacMillan, 1940). Call no.: 572.081 B63r

Indexing Terms

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom.
  • American Council of Learned Societies. Committee on Native American

Genre(s)

  • Diaries.
  • Lectures
  • Photographs
  • Sketches.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Arctic regions--Discovery and exploration
  • Baffin Island (N.W.T.)

Occupation(s)

  • Anthropologists -- United States.

Personal Name(s)

  • Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Boas, Marie Anna Ernestina Krackowizer, 1861-1929
  • Cartozian, Tatos
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944
  • Deloria, Ella Cara
  • Efron, David
  • Fortune, Reo, 1903-1979
  • Hunt, George
  • Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957
  • Reichard, Gladys Amanda, 1893-1955
  • Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939
  • Weike, Wilhelm, 1859-1917

Subject(s)

  • Anthropology--Research--United States
  • Anthropology--United States.
  • Eskimos--Baffin Island (N.W.T.)
  • Ethnology--North America
  • Indians of North America--Ethnology
  • Indians of North America--Languages
  • Indians of North America--Northwest Coast
  • Inuit
  • Jewish scientists
  • Kwakiutl Indians
  • Kwakiutl language
  • Kwakwaka'wakw
  • Languages
  • Nootka Indians
  • Nuu-chah-nulth
  • Refugees, Political
  • Scientific expeditions -- Arctic regions.
  • Scientists, Refugee
  • Socialists--United States
  • Tlingit Indians


Detailed Inventory
Collection II Franz Boas Professional Papers
ca.1860-194212.5 linear feet(B B61p)
Aall, A.
  Box 1
Adamson, Thelma
  Box 1
Adler, Herman M.
  Box 1
Adler, Mortimer J. -- The Social Scientist's Misconception of Science
  Box 1
American Anthropologic Association
  Box 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science
  Box 1
American Association for the Advancement of Science. - Committee on Introduction of Anthropologic Teaching
  Box 1
American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom
 18 foldersBox 1
American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom - Minutes
1941 Box 1
American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom - Minutes
1942 Box 1
American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS)
 4 foldersBox 1
American League of the Brotherhood of Man
  Box 1
American Scientific Societies - Publications
 4 foldersBox 1
Americanists' Congress, Hague & Goteburg, Resolution concerning transcribing American Indian languages
1924 - Box 1
Anglo-American University Library for Central Europe
 4 foldersBox 1
Angulo, Jaime de
  Box 1
Anthropological Field Work, Reports
1933-34. Box 1

[Armenians and their race]

Atlantic Monthly
[1917-18].1 p. (inc.)Box 1

[German-American press]

General physical description: 1 p. (inc.)

Austin, Mary
  Box 1
Bache Research Fund
  Box 1
Bailey, L. H.
  Box 1
Barbeau, Charles M. - Tsimshian texts
  Box 1
Barnard College
  Box 1
Barnes, Earl
  Box 1
Bastian, Adolph
  Box 1
Bendam, Effie
  Box 1
Benedict, Ruth - Franz Boas
1943 Box 2
Birket-Smith, Kaj
  Box 2
Bloomfield, Leonard
  Box 2
[Blum --]. Concerning Kinship system
  Box 2
[Blumensohn, Jules Henry] - "Consonantic Scheme"
1933 Box 2
Boas, Ernst
  25 folders Box 17
Boas, Ernst
  22 folders Box 17
Letters to parents [Transcripts]
1907-1918 Box 17
Notes on a conversation with Franz Boas
1940 or 1941 Box 17
Reminiscenses of his Father
  Box 17
Boas, Franz
  Box 2-17
Boas, Franz -- Academic courses
  Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Account of expenditures
n.d. Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Accounts and budgets for research
  Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Address book
1929 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Addresses, Residential
(1889-1942) Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Affidavit concerning race
1937 Box 2

Other Descriptive Information: - Arctic Exped - [UNK] [UNK] Articles

Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Diary
1883-188421 foldersBox 2

Folder #21: Sketches

General physical description: 21 folders

Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Diary (Translation)
1883-18847 foldersBox 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Diary Synopsis
1883 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Diary
1883 June-1883 October Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Diary
1883 September 5 - 10 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Maps
ca.1883 Box 2
178: 1874: M667nia: Small. Mintzer, William A.. Wilkins, Lieutenant.
Chart of Niantilic harbour by William A. Mintzer, U.S. Navy, from observations by Lieutenant Wilkins, U.S. Navy, navigating officer of the U.S. St. Tigress on Polaris search
1874 1 map, 25.9 x 20.6 cm Map-case Small

Scale: 1/2 inch = 1 mile

Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Baffinland--Arctic Expedition
ca. 1883 2 maps, 31.8 x 28.6 cm Box 2

Route from American Harbor to Kingawa and return. Colored.

This item has been digitized:
http://diglib.amphilsoc.org/fedora/repository/graphics:2981

Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay and Greenland area
ca. 1883 2 maps, 35.9 x 35.6 cm Box 2

Printed map with travel routes marked in red and blue pencil.

Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Sketch of area from Arsebemiling to Ipiakdiuak
ca. 1883 1 map, 30.8 x 30.5 cm Box 2

Rough pencil sketch. On the verso is a map of Niantilik harbor.

610: [ca. 1888]: B638etr: Small. Bien, Julius, 1826-1909. Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
The Eskimo tribes of north-east America
ca. 1888 1 map, 19 3/8 in. x 17 3/16 in. Map-case Small

Colored. See: U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology. Franz Boas, "The Central Eskimo." Sixth Annual Report.

Provenance: Presented by Mrs. Helene Boas Yampolsky, 1961-1962.

610: [ca. 1888]: B638est: Small. Bien, Julius, 1826-1909. Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 .
Map showing in detail the geographical divisions of territory occupied by the Eskimo tribes of northeastern America
ca. 1888 1 map, 20 7/8 in. x 18 3/4 in. Map-case Small

Colored. Includes 1. Oqo and Akudnirn; 2. Frobisher Bay; 3. Eclipse Sound and Lyon inlet; 4. Repulse Bay and Lyon inlet; 5. Boothia Isthmus and King William Land. See: U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology. Franz Boas, "The Central Eskimo." Sixth Annual Report.

Provenance: Presented by Mrs. Helene Boas Yampolsky, 1961-1962.

Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Notebook [Typed translation]
1884 January 1 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Outline of proposed trip
1883 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Plants
ca.1883 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Photographs
ca.1883 Box 2

Inuit

Inuit woman and child
ca. 1883 Box 2
Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Sketchbook
1883 Box 2

Inuit

Boas, Franz -- Arctic Expedition - Sketches
ca.1883 Box 2

Inuit

Arctic Expedition
ca. 1883 Box 2
[Boas, Franz] -- Baffinland and the Eskimos
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Baffinland Diary
1883 Box 22
Boas, Franz -- Baffinland Diary and Notebook
1883 June Box 22
Boas, Franz -- Baffinland Notebook
1883 Box 22
Boas, Franz -- Baffinland Notebook
1883-1884 Box 22

Sketches, letters, maps.

Boas, Franz -- Bibliography
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Biographical information
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Biographical sketch of William J. McGee,
n. d. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Boas family life
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Book contracts
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Broadside. Preserving our Ideals
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Certificates and diplomas
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Condolences on the death of Boas
  Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Cooperation between the Department of Anthropology, Columbia University, and the American Museum of Natural History
n.d. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1850s-1942, n.d. Box 3-12

This section of correspondence, organized chronologically, consists almost entirely of Boas's own outgoing letters in German to family and friends. A small number of incoming in German from family are also included.

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
Early - 1869 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1870 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1871 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1872 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1873 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1874 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1875 Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1876 July - Sept. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1876 October Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Feb. - March Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 April Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 May Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 June Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 July - Aug. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Sept. - Oct. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1877 Nov. - Dec. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Jan. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Feb. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 March Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 May - June Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 July - Aug. Box 3
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1878 Sept. - Dec. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 Jan. - Feb. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 March - April Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 May Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 June - July Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1879 Aug. - Dec. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Jan. - April Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 May - July Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Aug. - Sept. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1880 Oct. - Dec. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1880 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 Jan. - March Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 April - July Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1881 Aug. - Jan. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1881 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1882 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence. Transcriptions
1882 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Jan. - Feb. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 April - May Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 June 1 - 14 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 June 16 - 30 Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Aug. - Sept. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1883 Oct. - Dec. Box 4
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 April - July Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Sept. Box 5

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Oct. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Nov. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1884 Dec. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Jan. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Feb. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 March Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 April Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 May Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 June Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 July Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Aug. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Sept. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Oct. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Nov. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1885 Dec. Box 5

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Jan. - Feb. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 March - April Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 May Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 June Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 July - Aug. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Sept. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Oct. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Nov. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1886 Dec. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Jan. - Feb. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 March - April Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 May - June Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 July - Aug. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Sept. - Oct. Box 5
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1887 Nov. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Jan. - March Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 April - May Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 July - Aug. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Sept. - Oct. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1888 Nov. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Jan. - Mar. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 April - July Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Aug. - Sept. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1889 Oct. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Jan. - Feb. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 March - April Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 May - June Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 July Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Aug. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Sept. - Oct. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1890 Nov. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Jan. - March Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Apr. - June Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 June Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 July2 foldersBox 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Aug. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Sept. - Oct. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1891 Nov. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Jan. - March Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Apr. - May Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 June - Aug. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Oct. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Nov. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1892 Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Jan. - March Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 April - July Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Aug. - Oct. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1893 Nov. - Dec. Box 6
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Jan. - Feb. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 March - May Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 June - Aug. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Sept. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Oct. 1 - 21 Box 7

12 October 1894--sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Oct. 21 - 31 Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Nov. Box 7

Sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1894 Dec. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Jan. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Feb. - March Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Apr. - June Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 July - Aug. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1895 Oct. - Dec. Box 7

19 November 1895--sketches

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Jan. - March Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 April - June Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 July Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Aug. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Sept. - Oct. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1896 Nov. - Dec. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Jan. - Mar. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 April - May Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 June Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 July Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Aug. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Sept. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Oct. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1897 Nov. - Dec. Box 7
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Jan. - March Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 April - July Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Aug. - Sept. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1898 Oct. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Jan. - Feb. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Mar. - April Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 May - June Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 July Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Aug. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Sept. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1899 Oct. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Jan. - Feb. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 March - April Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 May - June Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 July Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Aug. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Sept. - Oct. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1900 Nov. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Jan. - Feb. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Mar. - April Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 May - Sept. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1901 Oct. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Jan. - March Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 April - May Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 June Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 July Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Aug. - Sept. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1902 Oct. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Feb. - March Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 April - May Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 June - July Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Aug. - Sept. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1903 Oct. - Dec. Box 8
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 Jan. - March Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 April - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1904 Sept. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Jan. - April Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 May - June Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 July - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Sept. - Oct. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1905 Nov. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Jan. - March Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 April - June Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 July - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Sept. - Oct. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1906 Nov. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Jan. - Mar. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 April - May Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 June Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 July Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Aug. - Sept. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Oct. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1907 Nov. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Jan. - Feb. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 March - May Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 June - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Sept. - Oct. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1908 Nov. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Jan. - Feb. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 March - April Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 May - June Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 July - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Sept. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1909 Oct. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Jan. - March Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 April - June Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 July - Aug. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Sept. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Oct. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1910 Nov. - Dec. Box 9
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Jan. - Feb. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 March Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 April - June Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 July - Sept. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Oct. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Nov.2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1911 Dec.2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 Jan.2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 Feb.2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 March2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 April Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1912 May - Aug. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 Jan. - April2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 May - July2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 Aug. - Oct. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1913 Nov. - Dec. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914. Jan. - May Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914 June2 foldersBox 10

Sketches

General physical description: 2 folders

Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914 July2 foldersBox 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914 Aug. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914 Sept. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1914 Oct. - Dec. Box 10
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 Jan. - April Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 May Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 June Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 July2 foldersBox 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 Aug. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1915 Sept. - Dec. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1916 Jan. - April Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1916 May - Sept. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1916 Nov. - Dec. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1917 Jan. - May Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1917 June - July Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1917 Aug. - Dec. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1918 Jan. - May Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1918 June Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1918 July Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1918 Aug. - Sept. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1918 Oct. - Dec. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 Jan. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 Feb. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 March - April Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 May Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 June Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 July - Aug. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 Sept. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 Oct. - Nov. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1919 Dec. Box 11
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 Jan. - March Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 April - May Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 June Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 July Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 Aug. - Sept. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1920 Oct. - Dec. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1921 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1921 Jan. - April Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1921 May - July Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1921 Aug. - Dec. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1922 Jan. - May Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1922 June Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1922 July - Dec. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1923 Jan. - April Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1923 May - Aug. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1923 Sept. - Oct. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1923 Nov. - Dec. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1924 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1925 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1927 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1928 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1929 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
19303 foldersBox 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
19312 foldersBox 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
19322 foldersBox 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1933 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1934 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1935 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1936 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1937 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1938 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1941 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
1942 Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Correspondence
n.d. Box 12
Boas, Franz -- Curriculum Vitae
 2 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Dakota Languages
[1930-1939] 6.0 folders Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Adverbs that may stand at initial position
[1930-1939] 2.0 p. Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Buechel Grammar
[1930-1939] 23.0 p. Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Contents of Dakota Material
[1930-1939] 6.0 p. Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Lo, and Le
[1930-1939] 2.0 p. Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Mandan and Teton Glossary
[1930-1939] 16.0 p. Box 13

Incomplete.

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Teton verb stems requiring prefixes
[1930-1939] 4.0 p. Box 13

Provenance: M2003-07. Gift of Norman Boas, January 2003

Boas, Franz -- Diary
  Box 13-14
Boas, Franz -- Diary
1886Carbon copy, 2 foldersBox 13

Sketches

General physical description: Carbon copy, 2 folders

Boas, Franz -- Diary (2nd copy)
1886Carobn copy, 2 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Translation]
18862 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Typed translation]
18863 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Typed translation]
18864 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary
1888 Box 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary
1888Carbon copyBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Translation]
1888 Box 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Translation]
1888 Box 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Typed transcription]
1888 Box 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary
18892 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary
1889Carbon copy, 2 foldersBox 13
Boas, Franz -- Diary
1890 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Diary [Translation]
1890 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Diary
ca.1911 - 1912 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Eine Harsreise
1881 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Evening Post
Feb., 1917 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Field notes, British Colombia [Translation]
1889 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- House in Grantwood, N. J., Building Contract
1907 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Indianische Sagen (Review of)
  Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Kwakuitl
  Box 14

Related material: See also "Kwakiutl material (on names)" further down in this inventory.

Boas, Franz -- Kwakiutl dictionary [See notebooks at the end of the collection]
1922 Box 22
Boas, Franz -- Kwakiutl ethnographic texts
 4 foldersBox 14
Boas, Franz -- Kwakiutl notebooks
c. 1930 - 1931 Box 23
Boas, Franz -- Kwakiutl songs and linguistic notes
circa 1931-1942 (bulk) Box 14

Sketches


Subject(s): Gambling--Songs and music; Haida Indians--Music; Nootka Indians--Music; Nuu-chah-nulth

Processing information: This folder was formerly labelled "Kwakiutl semantics." Revised to current updated description in February 2017.

Boas, Franz -- Kwakiutl vocabulary, stems
 3 foldersBox 14
Boas, Franz -- Leases
  Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures
  Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "The Art of the North American Indian"
1897 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - Clark University
1898 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - Commencement Address at Atlanta University
(May 31, 1906) Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "Growth"
1898 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "The `ice-relationship' of the Arctic Ocean"
1885 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - Inaugural lecture before the students
1885 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - Jessup Expedition
1898 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "Primitive Art"
1896 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "Primitive Languages"
1896 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "Primitive Religion"
1896 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "Primitive Society"
1896 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - "The Races of Man"
1896 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures
1895 March 2 Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures VIII - XIII
1912 [1917] Box 14

Other Descriptive Information: Boas - Lectures - 1912 - VIII - XIII Should be 1917 - VIII - XIII

Boas, Franz -- Lectures - I - VI
1916 - Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - VII - X
1916 - Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - I - VII
1917 - Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Lectures - XIV - XX
1917 - Box 14
Boas, Franz -- Library
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Library catalogue
 8 foldersBox 15
Boas, Franz -- New York Times
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Notes of museum work, May 25 - Dec., 1905
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Notebook
n.d. Box 15

Consists of sketches, many in color, of daggers, axes, spears, shields, and similar objects from Congo, Uganda, and Kenya or Tanzania, including Maasai objects. Most object include brief notes in German. Other culture group information may be included. Some objects include identifiers that may be museum cataloging numbers.

Boas, Franz -- Paper
  Box 15-16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Address to Barnard Class in Anthropology
Nov., 1912 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Address at dinner for F. W. Putnam
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [American Democracy]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - The American Ethnological Society
1942 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Analysis of the Growth Curve of Man
1930 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - An anthropologist's view of war
n.d. Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Anthropology in University and College
1907 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Created Equal
1942 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Democracy and Intellectual Freedom
Aug. 21, 1939 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Democracy and Intellectual Freedom
1939 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Die Klassifikation der Indianischen Sprachen
1925 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Die Offentliche Meinung in Vereinigtnen Staaten und der europaische Kieg
ca. 1914 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Education, Freedom & Democracy]
1940 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Education & Intellectual Freedom]
1940 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - The Eskimos of Baffin Land
1885 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Evolution and Environment]
1909 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Freedom Defined
1941 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Freedom of Education]
1941 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Freedom of Science]
1938 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - The Freedom of Science
1939 Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Freedom of Thought
[1941] Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Germany]
  Box 15
[Boas, Franz] - Paper - [Gestures]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Growth]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Growth
n.d. Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - The Great Melting Pot and Its Problems
1921 Box 15
[Boas, Franz] - Paper - [Haida Linguistics]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Handbook of American Indian Languages (preface)
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Heredity]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Heredity and Environment
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [High Schools in Bergen Co., N. J.]
  Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Immigrants and Immigration]
n. d. Box 15
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Indians of British Colombia
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Individual, Family, Population and Race
1942 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Influence of Environment
n.d. Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Intellectual Freedom in Nazi Germany
1938 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Interdependence of Culture
n.d. Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - International State and the League of Nations
n.d. Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Interpretation of Indian Myths
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Interracial Unity Meeting, Carnegie Hall
April 14, 1939 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Introduction to David Effron article
n.d. Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Japanese Americans]
Dec. 30, 1941 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Jew and the World
1936 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Letters of a Non-Partisan
1915 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Letters of a Non-Partisan
1917 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Mental Attitude of the Educated Classes
1918 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - My Reasons against America's Participation in the War
April 30, 1917 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Myth of the Race
1941 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Nationalism
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Nationalism, Internationalism, Individualism
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Pan-American Democracy
1941 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Polar Exploration, Peary and Cook
1909 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Policy of Endowed Colleges & Universities of the War Period
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Political Opinion Among the German Intellectuals
n.d. Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Population and Racism (?)
  Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - Primitive Mind and the Present Hour
c. 1917? Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Public Schools]
April 13, 1940 Box 16
Boas, Franz -- Paper - [Public Schools]
March 12, 1941 Box 16